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“siderable length, as it embraced the that of highway robbers. But, I observed, “ different points of Mr. Portall's speech, if this was really the case, who were " and the preambles of the different Acts the highwaymen, this being a question “ of Parliainent on this subject. It also of very material importance to the Coun" alluded to the new creation of Knights, try, who bad, during all this time, " and observed, that as the Prince Re- elected and re-elected the men who im

gent had been advised to reward the posed and supported this tax; that Sir "Splendid services performed by the navy | WILLIAM HEATHCOTE, who had se"and army; his civil subjects also, who conded Mr. Portall's motion, was one of " had discharged all their duties during the first-imposers, one of the supporters; " the-arduous contest, and patiently sub- that the party, "whose friends had now “mitted to such heavy burthens, con- brought forward the Petition, had raisen M.ceived themselves entitled to some con- the tax from six and a quarter to its pre“ sideration for their discharge of duty, sent amount, and that they had done it,

and an alleviation from this most op- too, in the most odious, insulting, and un"pressive tax."

feeling manner.—(Here I was called to I opposed this Petition, which I repre-order again, though I was only asking sented as more resembling a lawyer's who the highwaymen were, if it was a brief, in form and language, and a bill in highwayman's tax.)--| next observed, Chancery against the Regent, in matter, that, seeing that the Gentleman-thought than a County Petition against a Tax. the imposing of the tax the aet of highI observed, that the passage, alluding to waymen, and, as it is well known, that the new creation of Knights of the Bath highwaymen generally begin by stopping was peculiarly objectionable; that it sig- the mouth, that they next bind the persons nified to the House of Commons a sort of their clients, and conclude by ramming of envious and vain feeling; a poor their hands into their pockels, I should sneaking after a share in the baubles of not woeder if the Gentleman were to tell Knighthood, which was very disgusting, us, that the Parliament who imposed this and in which I was sure the Meeting tax had proceeded in somewhat the same did not participate.-[Here I was inter- way, and that the laws shackling the cupted by Mr. Portali calling to order. Press and diminishing Personal liberty, I was told, that I was wandering from the passed during the same period, ought, at subject before us. The reader will judge any rate, if ve abstained from such irrewhat the Order of the Bath had to do with verend descriptions of them, to receive -a Petition against the revival of the Malt our reprobation as well as thie. law impoand Property Taxes; but, he will, I am sing. a tax on property. Upon this sure, clearly see, that, as the allusion ground I was: proceeding to state what formed part of the Petition, I was strictly those laws were, and to shew.kow laws, in order, while I. was objecting to that making proceeded, step, by step, until part of the Petition.}-1 next observed, it arrived at that stage, when, as the that the name of highwayman's tax, ap- Gentleman had asserted, it assumed the plied to the Tax on Preperty by Mr. Por- character of a highwayman's conduct. 'I TALL, formed a curious, contrast with was beginning with the law, which made it another part of his speech; for, there he high treason to send a bushel of potatoes had told us, that the tax was imposed or a pair of shoes to the Republicans' of at a moment, when the enemy was at France who, by the bye, had now some our door, and that the tax was necessary food to spare for us.--[Here I was stopped " to the safety of his Majesty's Crown, this matter being wholly inadmissible, “ the security of our holy religion, our having nothing at all to do with the sab" laws, lives, and properties!" What! 1ject of the Requisition; though, as the observed, and do the Meeting, then, really reader will perceive, it had quite as much believe, that the king and our holy reli- to do with it as the Order of the Bath gion stood in need of highwayınen mea- could possibly have.]—I next observed sures to insure their safety? And, can upou what Mr. Portall had stated' as to the Meeting, can the people of England, the cause of the tax, and how it came te look foretgners in the face, and prate be laid, and said, that it was a false alarm about English liberty, while they confess, that prevailed at the time; that the energy that we have lived for nearly twenty years was never at our door; that he never did under the operation of power, restanbling attempt to land, and that there never

Tints. 41.

was a time when the people of England, a system of economy and peaceful of their own force, were not able to de

government were adopted in place fend the country; that no army, and, of course, no tax, was wanted to preserve

of the enormous expenditure, and the country against any enemy that it

that immense military establishment, ever had; and, that it was very clear, and which was wholly unknown to our had long since been so, to the whole world, forefathers, and which now threatthat the war was made, and the tax raised, ened to swallow up all the civil pow- . for the purpose of crushing republican li

er's and distinctions of the country: berty in France, and of stopping, By that totans, its extension all over the world.- ---That all pretence for alarm having I was proceeding to shew, that, in part, now ceased, the laws passed during this object had been accomplished ; but, the late war, cramping the liberty of that we had ruined ourselves by the suc- the Press, and also personal liberty, cess. — (Here, however, I was stopped;

ought now to be repealed :—That though, I thought, that I had as much right to go into this matter as the other

therefure, we prayed, that all the war side had to state their notion of the cause taxes might cease, agreeably to law; and object of the tax.)-1 next observed, that no other taxes might be imposed that the Petition on the table, though it in their stead; and that all the laws, included the War Malt Tax, did not go

passed during the war, which diminearly far, enough for me ; that I should

nisk the liberties of the people might move an amendment, including all the war taxes, in the first place, being of opi

also be repealed. nion, that it was a matter of indifference Mr. HUNT seconded the motion, and, in what shape, or under what name a though many attempts were made by Mr. tax was raised, if raised all; that, in the PORTALL to interrupt him even while he end, it must be paid by the public at large, was answering the arguments of that genand that it signified not one straw to any tleman, he proceeded in a way, and with man, whether he paid it, as the old say: an effect that made faction feel very sore, ing is, in meal or in malt. But, that I did -He observed, that the war malt tax not stop here: that I was for praying, was introduced by the other side, not that no other taxes might be imposed from choice but from compulsion; that instead of the war taxes, and was for ex- they had foreseen, that unless they Messing the opinion of the Meeting, that introduced it, they would be beaten There was no necessity for any other on their own ground.--He observtaxes. All this, however, I observed, was ed, that the worthy Baronet, (Sir Wila trife, in my estimation, compared with liam Heathcote) had taken great credit the laws, passed during the war; respect for having opposed the war tax upon malt, ing the Press and respecting personal but, perhaps, that might be accounted liberty, some of which were still in exist- for by the fact, that this was a great ence, and, therefore, I should propose to barley country, and that the worthy pray for the repeal of these laws also.-baronet was owner of no small slice of After a great deal of further interruption this same-country; that as to numerous from the opposite party, I moved a Peti- other laws that he had assisted in passing tion, the substance of which only I can and supporting, though of infinitely more give, having been deprived of the docu- consequence to the people, he had ap-. ment itself in the manner hereafter to be peared to feel less acutely.--He' obserdescribed. The Petition, moved by me, ved, that he heartily rejoiced at the has in substance as follows:

conclusion of peace with America, and

thanked the King's ministers for having That Ilie war taxes had now no longer acted so wisely; and that, though the

any pretence for their continuance, Meeting would feel with him deep regret seeing that peace with all the world that the war had. not sooner- terminated, had been happily restored:--That no and before so many disasters had taken new taxes in their stead. would be would feel consolation in reflecting that,

place, he was sure that every Englishman. necessary to support the credit and if the trident of the seas had been spatch. hisnour of the nation, provided thatded from us in a few instances; if we had now and then suffered defeats on an the Government, to approve of the unelement called our own, it had been dertaking and the continuing of the late from the arms of free men, and not froin wars, in the prosecution of which they those of the hirelings of despots.-In offered and pledged "their last shilling alluding to Mr. Portall's assertion," and their last drop of blood."

And that the Income Tax, being laid on in a yet, said he, though the government do time of great public peril, it was suffered not ask, and never have asked, for a sin. to pass with little opposition or comment; gle drop of their blood, being contented he observed, that the contrary was the with the shilling alone, this singular fortruth; that no tax ever inet with such bearance is repaid by the virulent and strenuous opposition; that the now Right gross abuse, which we have this day lieard HonouRABLE GEORGE TIERNEY, in bestowed upon it, and that, too, by the par!icular, called it by names almost as party, who had its full share in the very odious as that now applied to it by Mr. measure now so bitterly complained of. Portall; that he even went so far as to Mr. Portail rose to answer what had declare, that the people would be fully been said on our side. He objected to justified in resisting it by force of arms; the amendment because it included matbut that this was the out of place sen- ter, not notitied in the requisition, and timent of Mr. TIERNEY, who afterwards, insisted strongly, that, in asking for so when ii place, voted for raising this same much, we ran a risk of losing all. He tax froni six and a quarter to ten per complained, that an unfair advantage cent.--[Here Mr. Portali made a had been taken of bin in the comments sery strenuous effort to stop Mr. Hunt; made on his expressions respecting the but the Sieriff said he was in order; as hig!uman; said that the words dropwell le might, seeing that Mr.Hunt was ped from him incoutiously, and shat they Quiy shewing that what Mr. PORTALL certainly cailed for an apology. But, it bad stated as to the silent acquiescence is but justice to observe, that no part of is the country, when the tax was laid his speech was so much applauded os this, on, was not true.}--Mr. Hunt con- When I came to reply I was interrupttipued by observing, that the gentleman ed. It was contended that the business deprecated all enquiry into the conduct was now closed; that Mr. PORTALL had of those who had laid on, or raised, the made his mciion, that we had ansuered, tax; but, that it was material for the that he kad now replied, and that ibere meeting to recollect, who it was that the discussion closed. But, the reader had imposed and angmented what bad will see, that it was not his motion but lieen called a highwaymun's tax, and es- mine, which was now under discussico. pécially wheu the faction, who had brought His had been made, setunded, put, and forward this charge, were heard endea- carried, without our being permitted to ouring to throw the blame upon the pre- speak. Then came Lord Northrsk's mosent ministers, and to excite and keep uption. That was put aside for a while by būpicions against them.--He entered my amendment, which was now about to into a curious and interesting calculation be put. What right, theis, in this stage as to the tax upon Barley, before its juice of the proceedings, could Mr. PORTALU reaihed the mouth; shewing that every have to the last spmcch? ioan of Barley (40 bushels) paid nearly The question was non to he taken upon turiy pounds in tax before it canie 10 my amendment; but before the question the lips of the labouritg man, though the was put, 1 diel obtain a hearing, and jirice now received by the farmer was amongst other things, i said nearly ubat not more than seven pounds; so that in is, as follor x; stated try the Corrit.n.every pat of beer wbich the labourer" In the Haupshire Meeting on Tueshought at a public house (if the propor- “ day; Mr. COLBETT, anong other tian of the farmer's taxes were included) tlun, said the " Gentionen who lie swallowed more than four-ponce in brought fajkord the Petition had acted tar. But, he observed, in conclusion“ disingenuously; they liad said nothing catter a variety of other observations), “ of the difficulties of the Ciorernment, this meețing presents a very curious “ Did they mean to sav; that the Go. spectacle. He said, ibat he had many “ vernment could 30 on sitt:cut the Propersons in his eye, who, in that very perty'l ax? Didihey wish to substitute place, bad frequently met to addresi

of Cries of, we have

any other la

" nothing to do with that! and, order!) | PETITION, moved by the Earl of North

He would ask them if they were ready esk, was carried by a like majority. It is to vote that the army should be dis- was then voted to be sent about for sig" banded ?"- The High SHERIFF said natures, to be presented by the County " he must take the sense of the Meeting, Members, who, by a vote of the Meet“ whether Mr. COBBETT should be al. ing, on the motion of Mr. Hunt, were " lowed to go on in this manner. Mr. instructed to support it, when presented, " COBbert said, he was ready to shew The thanks of the Meeting having been " that Government could not go on with- unanimously voted to the High Sheriff,

out this Tax.—Mr. PORTALL said, (Mr, Norris of Basing Park) ha, in an" they had nothing to do with that at swer, observed, that he hoped, the next

present-M, COBBETT said, they could time he inet the County, he should have not shew him that Government could to congratulate them on the Death and go on without this Tax. It was, there- Burial of the Property Tar.

fore from the factiousness of party Whoever was at the Meeting, and who " that the question was brought forward. reads this, will say, that I have here " It was the trick of a party to impose given, substantially, a fair account of the

upon the people, by telling them that proceedings. I had not the smallest hope

they were to get this Tax off; but they of carrying my motion. I had not sign" could not get it off, without having ed any requisition; I had consulted no" another, equal in amount, substituted body; I had not talked upon the subject " for it.”---I said this, or nearly this ; to more than four persons out of my own but, the COURIER has dealt as unfairly family. I cared not a pin about the ire by me as the Whigs dealt by the Meeting: peal of the Income tax, unless all the war because, I said, along with this, some taxes and all the laws about the press thing which the Courier has taken care and personal and political liberty were to leave out: 'I said that I would defy included; and the only disappointment the Gentlemen to shew, that the Govern- that I met with, was, that sa large a ment could pay the public creditors, or part of the Meeting were with me. --go on at all, without the two taxes men- What has been said of the disingenuoustioned in their petition (amounting to a ness of the Hampshire Petition will ape full third part of the present revenue), ply to almost all the other petitions uniess the whole of the army, about all against the Property Tax. Westminster the navy, and a part of the sinking fund and the City of Worcester (and there may into the bargain, were, at once lopped off ; be some others) are exceptions. But, and that, therefore, to stir up the people to with these exceptions, it is a clamour pray for the taking away of the revenue, against a tax, and merely against a tax. without stating, at the same time, the It is an outery for relief, without a word means by which the Government might said as to the causes of the burden, or as go on without it, as I had stated in my to the means of doing without it. Mi. motion, was to act factiously, was to de- PORTALL, at our Meeting, said that hw lude and deceive the people. --Strange to should approve of taking away a part of say, this was deemed out of order. One the Sinking-fund; the same has been man proposes the abolition of taxes, ano- said at other Meetings. Perhaps this ther objects to his proposition because may be practicable; but, if it be done the Government cannot go on without without a total disbanding of the army the said taxes, and yet the second is and a discharge of nearly all the navy, deemed out of order !-I was for taking will the funded property retain its van of the taxes, butthen I was also for saying, lue; or, any value at all? If the fundat the same time, and in the same Petition, holders saw, that the taxes were so rethat it was our conviction, that the Credit duced as to enable the country to prosand Ilonour of the nation might be per under them, they need not care about maintained without those tares; because, the Sinking-fund; but, what will be their if the Meeting did not think this, their prospect, if

, out of 40 millions of reyepetition must proceed either from faction nue, only 20 millions are wanted for the or ignorance.

army and navy, alone, while their own The Amendment, moved by me, was share of that revenue, exclusive of the put and lost, not by a lare," but by Sinking-fund, amounts to 25 to 28 mil a very small majority; after which the Lions ? The remedy is, then, a reduction of the Navy to its state of 1788; a total 1 his conduct with that of his brother, who discharge of the regular ärmy; and an is long since' dead. The attacks upon organization of a military force in the Sir CEOÉG É PREVOST were of the same defence of the country upon the plan of character. The MORNING CHRONICLE, MAJOR CARTWRIGHT, which puts arms in the most foul 'manner, assaulted this into the hands of all those who vote for gentleman's character, attributed out members of parliament, which gives a failures to his cowardice or his fully, and vote to every man who pays a tax of any this too, witliout the smallest foundation, description or to any amount However Indeed, there'is scarcely any inap, or any small,' and which impartially calls forth woman, who becomes at all pre-eminent every able man to the performance of in the eye of the public, and who canthat first of all duties, the defence of his not or till not pay the London Daily native land, its liberties and laws. Newspapers, whose characters, and, in

some cases, whose " property and whose TRICK OF THE LONDON PRESS. life, is safe: 'l be public have lately seen

that the trifling private concern of my acThe effect of this Trick I mentioned cident by fire, cou'd not escape them. in iny last. The reason why I enter fully They could not lot éren thirt pass, with into an exposure of it, is, that the pub-out an attenrpt (it proved rain to be sure) lic, and that the Americans and French, to deprive me of the benefit of my hav. may be able to förh a corrett judgment ing insured the prenies, by insinuating of the state of the English Daily Press, that I set fire to them myself, a crime and may estimatë its priductions accord- wbich is death by the law. The ingly. 'I am the inore desirous of doing attempt of these papers to prevent Mrs. ilis at the present moment, bedaise the Perceral from murrying, is an instance London newspapers, and especially the of their baseress in another line. There most venal of them are "labouriing hard is no doubt of their having been paid for to pave the way for some' measure (it it any more than obert is of their being must be an act of Parliament) to 'enable paid for the puffs 'on private character's

them to be sent abroad daty free, in of which they daily publish'; and for their der, say they "that England, that the attacks on private characters. They have « true character of Eógland, tKat the carried on this trade for years; and the

principles and conduct of England, may traffid has increased, because the severity is be known upon the Continent of Eu- of punishments for what are called poli“ rope, 'where, now, owing to the infiu-tical libels, has naturally put the Daily• ence of the French press, England has press into worse and worse hands.lost, and is still losing ground, both in And, yet, these are the people, who re

weight and character."---It is sur- present themselves as the organs of Engprising, iliat they should have forgotten lish Honour! Their papers, they tell us, America. That, say what they will, is would enlighten all Europe, if they could the country, where we ought to fendea- butexport them duty free! Is it not a vour to recover our character. But, do bounden duty on every one, who is able these ínies suppose, that the nations of to do it, in expose the tricks of this vile tie Conurent do not know how to judge press ? Do not inorality and political of the pitciples and conduct of Eng. principle call aloud for this exposure ? land wikit de illuminating influence of Last year, at this season, these prints were leir balderdash; their Lottery and Quack belloiving forth invectives against those puffs: the paftry party quarrels; their who asked for a Corn Bill; they were garbled reports; their endless stimgs of marshalling the worst püssions of the mulquid-for parugruphs ? SIR JOHN MUR- titude a gwiast tl owners of land and the RAY, in the cut-sèt of his most able de- growers of cor, whom they accused of a fence, was obliged to occupy the time of wish to starve the people. They are now his judges for half an hour in stating his abusing thise; who thue a Corn Bill uncomplaints against the press the para- necessary, and ascribing to them sedigraphs in which had actually caused him tioux-motives. Ard, this, this (ch, imputo be condemned by the pastic before he derice) is the press, which is to ENwas brought to trial; and, he alluced LIGHTEN all Europe? particularly to au infamous paragraph in Noti, as to the lacroire Meeting, the the Times news-paper," which coupled facts are these: there iste:everal newspa

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