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received it from the gentleman, who had it from me, and who, at my request, got" it back from London on Tuesday last. I have before given the substance of the Petition: I here give it word for word:~ "To the Honourable the House of Com

"mons of the United Kingdom of “Great Britain and Ireland, in Par "liament assembled, the Petition of "the Freeholders, Landholders, and "other Inhabitants of the County of* "Southampton, paying Taxes; "SHEWETH, That the Taxes, usually denominated War Taxes, and which by law expire in a short time, cannot be pretended to be necessary any longer,'. since the nation is now, happily, at peace.

"That these Taxes, especially the Taxes on Property, Beer, and Malt, are

per reporters at Winchester for the pur-
pose of reporting the proceedings on
Sir John Murray's Triak About an hour
before the County Meeting took place,
one of these gentlemen came to meat, the
Inn where. I'ñad put ap, to ask me, whe-
ther I should have any papers, or memo-
randums, which might assist in making
the report of the proceedings more com-
plete, as he thought it would be impor
tant to obtain such papers; to which I
answered, that, if I should have any such,
he should have them, (and as I know
him) I observed, that I should be glad"
to see them in his hands. After the
Meeting was over, the same gentleman
came to me, while I was at dinner, to
apply for a copy of the Petition which
I had presented, in order that it might
be forwarded for insertion, with the rest

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of the proceedings, in the Morning Chro-"grievously oppressive, and have pronicle, the Morning Herald, the Morning "duced distress, misery, and degradation Post, and the British Press. I told him, " throughout the whole of the middle. that I had no copy; but, at his request, and lower classes of the people, who and upon his engaging to forward it for smart under them to an insupportable insertion, I sent to the Deputy Sheriff, degree. obtained the original and had it delivered fo him. Before I left Winchester, I saw the same gentleman again, Mr. HUNT of Andover and Mr. HINXMAN of Chilling being present. This gentleman then" informed us that the PETITION was sent off to be inserted in the Report, we being anxious, that it should appear in-print" if any thing of ours did appear; because our principles and wishes would then defy misrepresentation. But, upon being in-" formed by him, that the four papers before-mentioned had COALESCED as to reports from Winchester and that each had one fourth of the report sent to it, and, after setting up, sent its part to each of the other three papers. Mr. HUNT asked, which of the papers my paxt and the petition was sent to. He was told, to the Morning ̧ Chronicle: "Then," said he," it will never appear. That part hits "Perry's fartion too hard for him to print

"That the Taxes, which will remain, 66 after all the War Taxes shall have beer taken off, will be much more than suf "ficient for the maintaining of the credit and honour of the nation; provided that a systerr of economy and peaceful go"verument be adopted instead of the enormous expenditure, and the all-pervading military establishment, whtch now exist, and which latter, though wholly unknown to our forefathers, now seem to threaten to swallow up all the "ancient civil powers and distinctions of the country.

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That it is, in the opinion of your Petitioners, owing chiefly to the laws, passed during the war, against personal liberty, the freedom of the press and of public discussion, that the above evils have been so long endured. "Therefore your Petitioners pray, that "you will repeal all the laws, passed dur

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"it." I was of a different opinion; buting the war, against personal liberty; Mr. HUNT knew his man better than 1 "the freedom of the press and of publie did. Perry, did suppress the PETITION, and suppres whit too from the other three papers as welbahis own! I have the authority of the gentleman, who received the Petition from me, to assert, that it as sent to the Chronicle Office along with the report; and that it was marked "in;" that is to say, made part of the rePort itself. To-day (Thursday) i ka

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discussion, that you will not revive or renew any of the Taxes, called War Taxes, and that you will not authorise "the raising of any other Taxes in their "stead. And your Petitioners, &c."

Such, reader, was the paper, which Mr. PERRY suppressed, though he found it incorpora ed into areport, sent to his office, end though it had been-obtained from me

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under an express promise, that it would appear. It was thus kept out of three other papers, and kept from the Register too, until after the Saturday's Register was published. I do not blame the reporters. They acted fairly and honourably by the public? but, the conduct of Mr. PERRY has been precisely the contrary. It was due, not to me, but to truth, that this petition should be published. It had been rejected at the county Meeting; but there was nearly one half of the meeting in its favour. It did, too, embrace objects, which, one might have expected a printer to feel peculiar interest in; but, strange as it may seem at first sight, there are, perhaps, no persons in England such determined enemies of the real freedom of the press and of free public discussion as the proprietors of these paid-for-paragraph newspapers.. They thrive by

the electors any bribery or corruption.This
being a fact, well known to all the world, I
cannot help wishing that a respectable
English gentleman had refrained from
the use of a phrase, fit to be applied only
to the head and members of governments
of a very different description.

are to

a tendency to the triumph of truth, they abhor. They resemble those insects which fatten in a poisonous atmosphere. -And these are the men, who enlighten all Europe! These are the men, whose publications are to wipe away all stains from the English character! These men are to perform this work, who, in fact, have been the principal cause of all our degradation both home and abroad.

at

To MR. COBBETT.

SIR,-As you have gone to some length
of animadversion upon
which was stated, originally, in a Bath
an expression
weekly paper, and have fallen upon me,
at the Somerset Meeting, I trust to your
candour that you will give equal publi-
city to this fact--that in the same paper
in the following week, an express denial
appeared, "that any such expression
"was made use of by me," either in speak-
ing of the Americans, in the aggregate;
or of their President and his party, of

falsehood; and, therefore, whatever has whom nevertheless I am ready to admit,
that I did speak in terms of strong re-
probation, without adopting terms so un-

charitable and even absurd as those im-
puted to me. I am, Sir, your very obe-
dient Servant,
J.Cox HIPPESLY.

STATE OF THE NATION.

MR, COBBETT. It must be in the recollection of your readers, how often and how emphatically you have raised your warning voice against the tremendous war system, and war expenditure of our once happy country. Your calculating acuteness has been shewn in

SIR JOHN. Cox HIPPESLY.

"C

I send, with great pleasure, the follow- nothing more strikingly than in the full ing letter for publication. I do not rere-realization of the predictions which you gularly see the Bath newspapers, and have, again and again, offered to the did not see the publication which is men-consideration of our unthinking peotioned in the letter. I am glad to per-ple, on what would be the effects of a ceive, that an English gentleman is anx- protracted course of warfare to this counious to deny, that he made use of ex-try- -a course of warfare as unique in pressions, worthy only of such men as its management, as awful in its terininathe proprietors of the Times, the Courier, tion. It could not, Sir, have ever entered and the Chronicle; and, though I cannot into your imagination, though always on blame him for expressing his reprobation the alert in political discernment, to have of the President and his Party," I conceived it possible for the councils of wish he had not made use of that phrase, a nation to have obstinately pursued a sceing that the President can have no party, scale of expenditure that could not be which is not supported by a majority of sustained by even the united resources of the people; seeing that he has no power but Europe at large :---Had this truly gigantic what the people voluntarily put into his exertion been instituted for objects conhands; that he is elected by the free voice nected with rational liberty, and not for ofa people, every man of whom who pays a the re-establishment of despotic rule, tax has a vote; that he can neither make the virtuous and the intelligent part of war or peace without the approbation of mankind might have been gratified by the a Congress also chosen by a free peo- generosity of the effort, though they must ple, and in which Congress there are no have deplored the incorrigible folly that selling and buying of stats, nor among t had urged so unnatural an adventure.

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It is almost inconceiveable, though an un- the disposal of the secret service money of deniable fact, that the people of these Government, can know any thing about. realms, during these twenty years, have-If the British Government, when it bebeen witnessing the prodigious efforts gan its career of expending, when it remade by their Government, to repress quired for the objects of the war unthe growing power of France, at an im- limited millions, could have contrived to measurable expence, as if the object could have bona fide provided, that all the na not be purchased at too high a rate, tions receiving its subsidies, and for without adverting to the ways and means whom the British sword was actually. of meeting and enduring the ultimate bur- unsheathed, should for ever disclaim, and then. The ruin at this country has been abandon, all right and title to manufac its paper credit. This Pandora's box of ture for themselves, and that they would civil and political mischief, has unhappily be wholly dependent on commercial sup overwhelmed our unthinking people plies from England. then indeed, some (thinking belongs no to them) with dis- prospect would be afforded of an exmay and impending ruin. Well then? tended trade, and of liquidating in time how does the land lay? The expences the abyss of debt into which the national that have been incurred, the interest of property is so deeply sunk. But the heavy loans contracted, must be paid; Sir, this is not the case; it could not be peace has been obtained; Bonaparte has the case. We have, therefore, been fightbeen deposed; and the Sovereigns of ing the battles of others, and have mostEurope are sitting in solemn judgment, profligately and irretrievably sacrificed on, what they would have to be, the future British interests to foreign and ruinous political arrangement of the world! Now, objects.-That either the British agricu Sir, if these splendid reveries could be turist, manufacturer, or artisan, should carried into effect as easily as they may now have any chance of successful combe imagined, we might some day see them petition with the nations of Europe, is a realised. But how does the case stand! vain expectation.-The miscries of an exWhy, the British Government has been hausting taxation are exhibited at all all along foremost in the field of expence points. All classes of men severely feel as well as in that of battle. It has tried the consequences resulting from a wasteall sides, over and over again, and has at ful expenditure of public money, and, too leng, proved to a gaping and an as- late, begin to perceive that a defensive tounded public, that though it has, eve. - system of warfare was, and always will tually, as it were, gained all; though it be, best adapted to the insulated situation has effected every object for which it he- and civic privileges of the British nation. gan the contest, it has actually lost in- The European war is at an end; that finitely more than it has won; nay, that with America is also on the eve of clothe very winnings themselves have sing; we are without a market for our furned out to be, (as you, sir, have al- agricultural produce, without a demand ways held must be the case) its bitterest, for our manufactured articles, and our its most irretrievable losings. In short, artisans are for the best part without emWe have been at the expence, by all co-ployment! In exchange for these wonted ceivable means and devices, of over advantages, we have the renown of having throwing the Emperor Napoleon, and extravagantly subsidised in turn most of delivering from his influence the of the different powers of Europe; of various nations of Enrope, who are now sending a first rate Plenipotentiary to beginning to discover the advantage of these subsidised Potentates; of engaging in being at liberty to cultivate the soil, to treaties offensive and defensive with them; manufacture raw materials, and to traffic of at least amply sharing in the pleasin such a way as might best suit their res-ing task of remunerating the services, pective interests; and all this without ordinary and extraordinary, connected either feeling or acknowledging any de- with the abrupt and strange termination pendence on English commerce. All of the late European war; and finally, they seemed to require from England was though not least in either tinselled granmoney, and that, it must be confessed, deur, or aristocratic fame, we may boast, they have had almost to the last guinea, as the legitimate offspring of these porand are probably further accredited for tentous times, Knights Grand Crosses, sum, that none, but those conversant with ditta Commanders, sud ditto Companions, and

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LORD COCHRANE-PERRY AND THE
WHIGS!

in vast abundance, all animated with a
chivalrous ardour for military glory that
will at least render a disposition to war, IN the most conspicuous part of the
if not its actual existence, the order of Morning Chronicle, of yesterday, Mr.
the day. How far this new batch and Perry inserted a string of resolutions,
hot-bed scheme of military aristocracy, which that nest of iniquity, that vile
exclusively in the erection and patron- crew at the Stock Exchange, have thought
age of the royal authority, can be re- proper to agree to, as a sort of set off to
garded as consistent with the constituti- Lord Cochrane's unanswerable letter to
onal privileges of British freedom, no Lord Ellenborough. Nothing surely could
one is more competent to judge than be more detestable than this! Even that
yourself; and were the subject to fall sink of corruption the Times, inserted
under your usually able discussion, it may only a modest paragraph, notieing the.
be justly presumed, that it would be meeting of the Sub-committee, and with-
salutarily operative in restraining the out even naming Lord Cockrane; thus -
inordinate attempts, and, indeed, ra- shewing a degree of moderation towards
pid strides that have been made, are an oppressed opponent, which the Whigs,
making, and will hereafter be made, for and Perry, their organ, had not decency
subjugating, this land of ancient freedom to evince. These resolutions (which Per-
to a military sway, not unlike that ex-ry, has evidently been paid for inserting)
perienced by the Cossack tribes, of the state, over and over again, the haeknied
Autocrat of all the Russias! It is high evidence of the hackney coachman, and
time for Britons to turn with aversion the hackney post-boy, on the subject of
from the senseless, the enslaving mum- the colour of De Berenger's coat; which
mery of court pageantry. Freemen should evidence has been completely falsified, in
avoid them as hostile to independence, the most incontestible manner, Lord Coch-
and disdain them as utterly contempti- rane has already so ably and so effectually.
ble. The Americans, by their trium-vindicated himself, that it would be supe-
phant bravery, evince what a handful of rerrogation in me to say a syllable on this
men, determined to live and die under subject. It is the detestable conduct of
the sacred banner of freedom, can achi- Perry and the Whigs, in becoming the.
eve. The issue of the contest they have trumpet of the Stock Exchange Com-.
had to sustain, is engraved on the heart mittee, that I wish the public not to over-
of every friend of civil liberty in cha- look. Lord Cochrane has been ever the.
racters of indelible delight, and will be steady opposer of places, pensions, and
recorded in the historic page for her ad- corruption in all its branches, Nothing:
miration, her solace, and the encourage more is wanted to explain the deadly
ment of posterity. American independ- hatred of Perry and the Whigs.
ence is as invulnerable and as immortal
as the nature of human steadfastness can
render it. A scheme of Government,
founded on a correct estimation of civil
and political rights, is at once natural,
and practicable, and, as such, must be
for ever entitled to an irresistible prefer-
ence, in the feeling and judgment of
those, who have the envied happiness of
being born and bred under its auspices,
The cause of civil liberty has gained in
finitely more, by the heart-cheering proofs
that have been recently given of 'trans-
atlantic patriotism and courage, than it
either has lost, or can lose by the jargon,"
the foppery, or the servility of European
politics.

ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION.

Jun. 29, 1815. A THINKING BRITON.

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LETTER VI.

"If we were to use Violence in defending the.
"Faith, the Bishops would oppose it."
SAINT HILARY, lib. i. -
TALLEYRAND [in a memoir read at the
National Institution of Paris concerning
the commercial relations of the United
States of America with Great Britain in
the year 1794] says "That RELIGIOUS
"TOLERATION in its fullest extent, is one
"of the most powerful Guarantees of

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social tranquillity: for where Liberty
of Conscience is respected every other
"cannot fail to be so," A sentiment
like this from a man who stands unrivalled
for his knowledge in Political Science-
ought to have some weight.
How op-
posite are the opinious of this enlightened,

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statesman, this second Machiavel, to the blind mistaken notions of those stupid kings, who would fain attempt to produce harmony among their subjects by endeavouring to enforce their adherence to one particular set of Tenets. How absurd is it to suppose we can ke people of different educations, and capacities ever think alike; that we can enable persons whose understandings are unequal to comprehend every thing with the same facility, and to render men of various ages and constitutions, capable of seeing with the same ease and perspicuity through the same pair of spectacles. If Kings and Priests were the architects of the human brain, they might with some justice dictate its operations; but since our faculties are produced by NATURE, directed by NECESSITY, and uncontrolled by their fat; and since they have no more government over their own minds than they have over ours, it is the most arrogant presumption, the most ridiculous folly, and the most diabolical tyranny, to persecute us for our opinions, Do not our ideas of any subject depend entirely on the manner in which it is represented to us, or the state of our understanding to receive the impression? Are not all our notions the effect either of our education, or the circumstances and situations in which we have been -placed? Who then can command opinion, or constrain belief? Where is the merit

or the crime either of BELIEF or DIS-man takes a wife to assist him in his do

a very celebrated artist of that age. He spent much time in the construction of clocks and watches, of which he kept a great number in constant motion, but found to his mortification, after various trials, that he could not bring any two of them to equal time. This circumstance, it is said, caused him to reflect with wonder and with shame, on his own weakness in having wasted so much labor, and been guilty of such barbarities, in the more futile speculation of compelling his subjects to think exactly alike, concerning the inscrutable mysteries and ineffable beatitudes of our Holy Religion. If the genius of luxury and sloth, of folly and vanity, of prise, robbery, slaughter, and ambition, can ever spare the tyrants of the present day a few moments to tura over the page of History, in order to review the lives of former despots, what a lesson must the foregoing relation afford them. But it seems that government is the only science that is not suffered to be improved by experience; for we find, notwithstanding the many useful precepts that may be deduced from the annals of the world, and the fate of nations, that power and profit to themselves, instead of peace and prosperity to the people, are still the ruling principles of most monarchical and aristocratical governments. It is for this reason that they all take to themselves a State Religion for their handmaid, in the same manner that a

BELIEF, since neither of them are in our power, but dependent entirely upon the state of our intellects on the quality of the evidence offered to our senses? How weak and childish too, is the plan of promoting social tranquillity by force and persecution? Is it not palpable that clemency and moderation are much more calculated to produce harmony, loyalty, and peace, than threats and imprisonment? The Emperor Charles the 5th was an ambitious tyrant, and a persecuting bigot, who caused a system of faith to be prepared for Germany, and marched at the head of his armies against those cities which refused to receive it. When grown old, he gave up the idle pomp of a court, the trumpery appendages of royalty, and the false glory of a Warrior, -to spend his last days in the monastery of St. Justus, in Plazencia. One of his pastimes in this solitude was mechanics, in which he was assisted by Tarrians,

mestic concerns. They find it a powerful auxiliary to arbitrary sway, in as much as the priesthood of the state religion, though fattening upon the industry of the people, are mediately or immediately, dependent upon them for their appointments; consequently they become convenient tools in their hands to keep the public mind in acquired ignorance; and, as we have seen in former times, to preach up non-resistance, passive obedience, the divine rights of Kings, the sacred obligation of paying tythes, or any set of opinions, that may suit the Government or their own interests.-A state-religion, by monopolizing all consequence, perfection, and privilege to itself, naturally creates an envious distinction in society; causes its members to look upon others with contempt; and, by depriving those of their civil rights whose conscience will not permit them to come within its pale, necessarily foments jealousy and

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