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per reporters at Winchester for the pur- / received it from the gentleman, who had pose of reporting the proceedings on it from me, and who, at my request, got Sir John Murray's Trial About an hour it back from London on Tuesday last. I before the County. Nieeting took piace, have before given the substance of the one of these gentlemen rame to smut the Petition : 1 here give it word for word :Inn where. I nude pit ap, to ask me, whe- " To the ikonourable the Heuse of Com-ther I should have any papers, or memo- mons of the United Kingdom of randums, which might assist in making Grrat Britain and Ireland, in Per the report of the proceedings more com- liarint assembled, : the Petition of plete, as he thought it would be impor- " the Freeholders, Eandholders, and iant to obtain such papirs ; to which I other Inkallants of the County nifi anstrered, that, if I should have any such, “ Southampton, paying Taxes; he should have them,' (and as I know “SHEWETH.-That the Taxes, usually bi) I observed, that I should be glad “ denominated War Taxes, and wbich by: to see them in his hands. Aber the “ law expire in a short time, cannot be Meeting was over, the same gentleman pretended to be necessary any longer, came to me, while I was at dianer; to since the wation is now; heppily, at: apply for a copy of the Petition which

pejce. I had presented, in order that it might " That these Taxes, esperially the be forwarded for insertion, with the rest “ Taxes on Property, Beer, and Malt, are of the proceedings, in the Morning Thro- “ grievously oppressive, and have pronicle, the Morning Herald, tfié diórning duced distress, misery, and degradatiot Post, and the British Press. I toid him, throughout the whole of the middle : that I had no copy; but, at his request, " and lower classes of the people, who's and upon his engaging to fortard it for smart under them to an insupportable insertion, I sent to the Deputy Sheria, degree. obtained the original and had it delivered “ 'That the Taxes, which will remain, fo him. Before I left Winchester, I saw alier all tbe War Taxes shall bave beer the same gentleman again, Mr. HUNT “ taken off, will be much more than sufo of Andover and Mr. HINXMAN of Chil- ficient for the inaintaining of the credit ling being present. This gentleman then“ and honour of the natiou; provided that informed us thai the PETITION a systerrof econoiny and peaceful gosent off to lye inserted in the Report, we verument be adopted instead of the beinganxious,ibat it should appear inprint" enormous expenditure, and the all-per: if any thing of oursdidappear; because our “ vading military establishment, whtch principles and wishes would then dety now exist, and which latter, though niisrepresentation. But, upon being in- wholly unknown to our forefathers, now formed by him, that 1!44 tonr papers be- seem to threaten to swallow up all that foyre-mentioned bead coALESCED as to re- ancient civil powers and distinctions of ports from Winchester, and that each " the country. had one fourth of the report sent to it, and, " That it is, in the opinion of your after setting up, seni its part to each oj " Petitioners, owing chiefly to the laws, the other three papers. Nir. Hunt asked, passed during the war, against persowhich of the papers my part and the peti- vai liberty, the freedom of the press and tion was sent to. He was told, to the of public discussion, that the above Morning. Chronicle: Then,” said he, “evits have been so long endured. "it wili nerer appear. That part hits Therefore your Petitioners pray, that a l'erry's fartion too hard for him to prini. " you will repeal all the laws, passed-dúr"it.” I was of a different opimon; buting the war, against personal liberty; Mr. litst knew his man better than 1 "the freedom of ihe press and of publie did. l'erry did suppress the PETITION, disenssion; that you will not revive or and suppírszet tog from the other three " renew any of the Taxes, called War papers us 10"://78 his org! I have the au- “Taxes, and that you will not authorise thority of the gentleman, who received the raising of any other Taxes in their the petition froin me, to assert, that it stead. And our Petitioners, &c." 245 sent to the Chronicle Office along with Such, reader, was the paper, which Mr. Le jeport; and that it was murked PERRY suppressed, though he found it “in;" that is 10 say, maule partij die re- incorpora ed into areport, sent to his office, pure itseil. To-uhy (Thursday; i isüves and though it had Leen-obtained frousse

Was

are to

under an express promise, that it would the electors any briberyor corruption. This appear. It was thus kept out of three being a fact, well linown to all the world, I other papers, and kept from the Register cannot help wishing that a respectable too, until aiter the Saturday's Register English gentleman had refrained from was published. I do not blame the repor- the use of a phrase, fit to be applied only ters. They acted fairly and honourably to the head and members of governments by the public? but, the conduct of Mr. of a very different description. PERRY has been precisely the contrary.

To MR. COBBETT. It was due, not to me, but to truth, that

Sir,-As you have gone to some length this petition should be published. It had been rejected at the county Meeting; which was stated, originally, in a Bath

of animadversion upon an expression but ing in its favour. It did, too, embrace weekly paper, and have fallen upon me, objects, which, one might have expected at the Somerset Meeting, I trust to your a printer to feel peculiar interest in; but, candour that you will give equal publistrange as it may seem at first sight, there city to this fact--that in the same paper are, perhaps, no persons in England such in the following week, an express denial determined enemies of the real freedom of appeared, " that any such expression the press and of free public discussion as

"was made use of by me," either in speakthe proprietors of these paid-for-para-ing of the Americans, in the aggregate; graph newspapers

. They thrive by or of their President and his party, of falsehood; and, therefore, whatever has whom nevertheless I am ready to admit, a tendency to the triumph of truth, they that I did speak in terms of strong re abhor. They resemble those insects

probation, without adopting terms so unwhich fatten in a poisonous atmosphere. charitable and even absurd as those im -And these are the men, who

puted to me. I ain, Sir, your very obe

J.Cox HIPPESLY. enlighten all Europe! These are the dient Servant, men, whose publications are to wipe away STATE OF THE NATION. all stains from the English character ! MP, COBBETT. ---It must be in the These men are to perforin this work, recollection of your readers, how often who, in fact, have been the principal and how enphatically you lrave raised cause of all our degradation buth your warning voice against the tremenhome and abroad.

dous war system, and war expenditure

of our once happy country. Your calSir John. Cox HiPPESLY. culating acuteness has been shewn in I send, with great pleasure, the follow nothing more strikingly than in the full ing letter for publication. I do not re realization of the predictions which you gularly see the Bath newspapers, and have, again and again, offered to the did not see the publication which is men consideration of our unthinking peotioned in the letter. I am glad to per- ple, on what would be the effects of a ceive, that an English gentleman is anx- protracted course of wartare to this counious to deny, that he made rise of ex- try course of wartare as unique in pressions, worthy only of such men as its management, as awful in its terminathe proprietors of the Times, the Courier, tion. It could not, Sir, have ever entered and the Chronicle; and, though I cannot into your imaginatinu, though always on blame him for expressing his reprobation the alert in political discernment, to have. of " the President and his Party," I conceived it possible for the councils of wish he had not inade use of that phrase, nation to have obstinately pursued a sceing that the President can have no party, scale of expenditure that could not be which is not supported by a majority of sustained by even the united resources of the people; seeing that he has no power båt Europe at large : ---Had this truly gigantic what the people voluntarily put into his exertion been instituted for objects conhands; that he is elected by the free voice nected with rational liberty, and not for ofa people, every man ofwhoin who pays a the re-establishment of despotic rule, tax has a vote; that lie can neither make the virtuous and the intelligent part ot war or peace without the approbation of inankind might have been gratified Ivy the a Congress also chosen by a free peo- generosity of the effort, though they must ple, and in which Congress there are no have deplored the incorrigible folly that selling and buying of seats, wor anong t had urged so natural an adventure,

at

It is almost inconceiveable, though an un- the disposal of the secret service money of deniable fact, that the people of these Government, can know any thing about, realms, during these twenty years, have -If the British Government, when it bebeen witnessing the prodigious efforts gan its career of expending, when it remade by their Governinent, to repress quired for the objects of the war un. ihe growing power of France, at an im- limited millions, could have contrived to measurable expence, as if the object could have bona fide provided, that all the nanot be purchased at too high a rate, tiuns receiving its subsidies, and for without adverting to the ways and means wbom the British sword was actually of meeting and enduring the ultimate bur- unsheathed, should for ever disclaim, and then. The ruin ot this country has been abandon, all right and title to manufacits paper credit. This Pandora's box of ture for themselves, and that they would civil and political mischief, has unhappily be wholly dependent on commercial sup. overwhelmed our unthinking people plies from England, then indeed, some (thinking belongs 10 to them) with dis- prospect would be afforded of an exmay and impending ruin. Well then? tended trade, and of liquidating in time low does the land lay? The expences the abyss of debt into which the national that have been incurred, the interest of property is so deeply sunk. But the heavy loans contracted, niast be paid ; í Sir, this is not the case; it could not le peace has been obtained; Bonaparte has the case. We have, therefore, been fightbeen deposed; and the Sovereigns of ing the battles of others, and have most Europe are sitting in solemn jurymeni, protligately and irretrievably sacrificed on, what they wonld have to be, the future British interests to foreign and ruinous political arrangement of the world! Now, objects.--That either the British agricu.Sir, if these splendid reveries could be turist, manufacturer, or artisan, should carried into effect as easily as they may now have any chance of successful conibe imagined, we might some day see the petition with the nations of Europe, is a realised. But how does the case stand ? vain expectation. The inistries of an pre Why, the British Government has been hausting taxation are exhibited at all all aloog foremost in the field of expence points. All classes of men severely feel as well as in that of battle. It has tried the consequences resulting froni' a wasteall sirles, over and over again, and has at fiel expenditure of public money, and, too lengi., proved to a gaping and an as- late, begin to perceive that a defensire tounded public, that though it has, eve: - systein of wartare was, and always will tually, as it were, gained all; though it be, liest adapted to the insulated situation has effected every object for which ii lie- und civic privileges of the British nation. gan the contest, it has actually lost in- The European war is at an end ; that tinitely more than it has won; nay, that with America is also on the eve of clothe

very wimings themelves have sing; le are without a market for our iurned out in be, (as you, Sir, have al agricultural produce, without a demand ways held must be the case) its bitterest, for our mamfactured articles, and our its most irretrievalile losings. In short, antisans are for the best part without emwe have been at the expence, by all comployment! Ine:change for these wontes ceivable means and devices, of over- advantages, we have the renown of having throwing the Emperor napoleon, and extravagantly subsidised in turn most of delivering from liis influence thiei oi' the different powers of Europe; of various nations of Ezurope, who are now sending a tirst rate Plenipotentiary to beginning to discover the advantage of the esubsidised Poieniutes; of engaging in being al liberty to cultivate ihe soil; to treaties offensive aud detensive will them; manufacture raw materials, and to traffic (f at least amply sharing in the pleasin sueb a way as might best suit their ses- I ing task of remunerating the services, pective interests; and all this without ordinary and extraordinary, connected either feeling or acknowledging any de- with the abrupt and stange termination pendence on English coninerce. All of the late Luropean war; and finally, they seemed to requirë froni England was though not least in either tinselled gran. meney, and that, it innst be confessed, deur, or aristocratic lame, we may boast, they have had almost to the last guinea, as the legitimate offspring of these porend are probably turther accredited for tentous times, Knights Grand Crossca, $1.2n, that noue,!,ut țieze conversant with dille?'encanders, sud ditto (impanion,

THE

in vast abundance, all animated with a LORD COCHRANE-PERRY AND chivalrous ardour for military glory that »

WHIGS! will at least render a disposition to war, In the most conspicuous part of the if not its actual existence, the order of Morning Chronicle, of yesterday, Mr. the day. How far this new batch and Perry inserted a string of resolutions, hot-bed scheme of military aristocracy, which that nest of iniquity, that vile exclusively in the erection and patron- crew at the Stock Exchange, have thought age of the royal authority, can be re- proper to agree to, as a sort of set off to garded as consistent with the constituti- Lord. Cochrane's unanswerable letter to onal privileges of British freedom, no Lord Ellenborough. Nothing surely could one is more competent to jucige than be more detestable than this! Even that yourself; and were the subject to fall sink of corruption the Times, inserted under your usually able discussion, it may only a modest paragraph, notieing the.. Le justly presumed, that it would be meeting of the Sub-conimittee, and withsalutarily operative in restraining the out even naming Lord Cochrane; thus inordinate attempts, and, indeed, ra- shewing a degree of moderation toward's pid strides that have been ide, are an oppressed opponent, which the Whigs, making, and wul hereafter be made, for and Perry their organ, had- not decency subjugating, this tand of ancient freedom to evinre. --These resolutions (which Perto a military sway, not unlike that onry has evidently been paid for inserting) perienced by the Cossack tribes; of the state over and over again, the-baeknieck Autocrat of all the Russias ! It is bigh evidence of the hackney coachman, and. time for Britons to tirn with aversion the hackney post-boy, on the subject of from the sense!ess, the enslaving mun. the colour of De Berenger's coat ; which mery of court pageantry. Freemen should evidence has been completely falsified, in avoid them as hostile to independence, the most incontestible manner, Lord Coch-, and diselain them as terly contempti- rane has already so ably and so effectually ble. The Americans, by their trium- vindicated himself, that it would be supe pbant bravery, erince what a handful of rerrogation in me to say a syllable on this men, determined to live and die under subject. It is the detestable conduct of the sacred banner of freedom, can achi- Perry and the Whigs, in becoming the Eve. The issue of the contest they have trumpet of the Stock Exchange Com-. had to sustain, is engraved on the heart mittee, that I wish the public not to over-; of every friend of civil liberty in cha- look. Lord Cochrane has been ever the: . racters of indelible delight, and will be steady opposer of places, pensions, and recorded in the historic page for her ad-corruption in all its branches. Nothing mpiration, her solace, and the encourage- more is wanted to explain the .deadly ment of posterity. American independ- hatred of Perry and the Whigs. ence is as in vulnerable and as immortal as the nature of human steadfastness can ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION. render it. A scheine of Government, founded on a correct estimation of civil

" If we were and political rights, is at once natural,

to use Violence in defending the , and practicable, and, as such, must be

" Fuitli, the Bishops would oppose it." for ever entitled to an irresistible prefer

SA:ST HILARY, lib. i. ence, in the feeling and judgment of

TALLEYRAND in a memoir read at the those, who have the envied happiness of National Institution of Paris concerning being born and bred under its auspices, the commercial relations of the United The cause of civil liberty lias gained in. States of America with Great Britain in finitely more, by the beart-cheering proofs the year 1794) says " That RELIGIOUS that have been recently given of truns

“ TOLERATION in its fullest extent, is one atlantic patriotism and courage, than it

“ of the most powerful Guarantees of sither has lost, or can lose by the jargon, social tranquillity: for where Liberty the foppery, or the servility of European

of Conscience is respected every other politics.

“ cannot fail to be so,' A sentiment

like this from a man who stands vorivalled Jun. 29, 1815, A THINKING BRITON.

for his knowledge in Political Science
ought to have some weight.
posite are the opinious of this eblightened,

LETTER VI.

How op

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statesman, this secoxd Machiavel, to the a very celebrated artist of that age. He blind mistaken notions of those stupid spent much time in the construction of kings

, who would fain attempt to produce clocks and watches, of which he kept a harmony among their subjects by endea-great number in constant motion, but vouring to enforce their adherence to one found to his mortification, after various particular set of 'Tenets. How absurd trials, that he could not bring any two is it to suppose we can make people of of them to equal time. This circumdifferent educations, and capacities ever stance, it is said, caused him to reflect - think alike; that we can enable persons with wonder and with sbame, on his own whose understandings are une jual to weakness iu having wasted so much labor, comprehend every thing with the same and Leen guilty of such barbarities, iki

facility, and to render men of various the more futile speculation of compelling ages and constitutions, capable of seeing his subjects to think exactly alike, conwith the same ease and perspicuity cerning the inscrutable mysteries and through the same pair of spectacles. ineftable beatitudes of our Holy Religion. If Kings and Priests were the architects If the genius of luxury and sloth, of folly of the human brain, they might with and vanity, of prise, robbery, slaughter, some justice dictate its operations; but and ambition, can ever spare the tyrants since our faculties are produced by of the present-day a few moments to tura NATURE, directed by NECESSITY, and over the page of History, in order to uncontrolled by their fiat; and since they review the lives of for!ner despots, what have no more government over their own a lesson must the foregoing relation afford minds than they have over ours, it is the then. But it seerns that government is most arrogant presumption, the most the only science that is not surcred to ridiculous fully, and the most diabolical be improved by experience; for we find, tyranny, to persecute us for our opinions, notwithstanding the many useful precepts Do not our ideas of any subject depend that may be deduced from the annals of entirely on the manner in which it is the world, and the fate of nations, that represented to us, or the state of our power and profit to themselves, instead understanding to receive the impression of peace and prosperity to the people, Are not all our notions the effect either are still the ruling principles of most moof our education, or the circumstances narchical and aristocratical governments. and situations in which we have been It is for this reason that they all take to «placed? Who then can command opinion, themselves a State Religion for their or constrain belief? Where is the merit handmaid, in the same manner that a or the crime either. of BELIEF or Dis-man takes a wife to assist him in his do. BELIEF, since neither of them are in our mestic concerns. They find it a power. power, but dependent entirely upon the ful auxiliary to arbitrary sway, in as much state of our intellects on the quality of as the priesthood of the state -religion, the evidence offered to our senses? How though fattening upon the industry of the weak and childish too, is the plan of people, are mediately or immediately, promoting social tranquillity by force and dependeat upen them for their appointpersecution? Is it not palpable that ments; consequently they become conveni

clemency and moderation are much more ent tools in their hands to keep the public calculated to produce harmony, loyalty, mind in acquired ignorance; and, as we and peace, than threats and imprisonment? have seen in former times, to preach

The Emperor Charles the 5th was an up non-resistance, passive obedience, ambitious tyrant, and a persecuting the divine rights of Kings, the sacred bigot, who caused a system of faith to obligation of paying tythes, or any set of be prepared for Germany, and marched opinions, that way suit the Government at the bead of his armies against those or their own interests.-A state-religion, cities which refused to receive it. When by monopolizing all consequence, per: grown old, he gave up the idle pomp of tection, and privilege to itself, naturally a court, the trumpery appendages of creates an envious distinction in society; royalty, and the false glory of a Warrior, causes its members to look upon others to spend bis last days in the monastery with contempt; and, by depriving those of St. Justus, in Plazencia. One of his of their civil rights whose conscience pastimes in this solitude was mechanics, will not permit thein to come within its in which he was assisted by Tarrians, pale, necessarily foments jealousy and

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