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and might possibly disturb the peace of flat, by an act, passed, in England, His Majesty's Dominions request that during the war against the French Rea you will be pleased to convene a Meeting publicans, and still in existence, any of ilie County on a day as little distant man who shall do what these American as may be convenient, in order to takt Writers and Printers are now doing, is into consideration and to discuss the pro- liable to be lianged, have bis head cut priety of presenting a Petition to the two off, his bowels ripped out, his carcase Houses of Parliament, earaestly praying quartered, his quarters placed at the diat no such measure inay be adopted; disposal of the King, and his estates and anut also praying for the repeal of laws, property contiscated !--Fools ! to prohostile to our rights and liberties, passed claim such proofs of the difference of during the late war, and for a constitu- the two Goremmerts! The act, to which tional Reform in the Representation of I allude, says, that " if any person shall the People in the Cominons' House of " attempt, by force or restraint, to comParliament

pel the king to change kis measures or

counsels, or shall, in order to put any Date

"force or restraint upon, or to intimidate, N. R. The letters, conveying the Re- or overawe, both Houses, or either quisitions must be post paid ; as it is not “ House of parliament, or shall express reasonable that I should be put to any

“the same by publishing any printing, expence on account of it.

or writing, or by any other orert àct,

every such person shall be deemed a

“ TRAITOR."--Now, this is what is No. II.

doing daily through the press of America, AMERICA.-Proofs of the real free- where some of the Printers are actually

dom of her people.Mr. Randolph's advising the people to resist the laws of Letter.-Triumph of Republicen prin- the Congress by force of arms, and to

compel the Congress and President to do ciples.

what these writers say is for the good of the Our Newspapers fake infinite delight country. So far are these writers and prinin speaking of the Hertford Congress, ters from apprehending any danger from the Maryland Resolutions, &c. which such conduct, that they complain that they indicate a disposition in part of the peo-produce no effect by their labours. Mr. ple of America to resist those laws, passed Madison and the Congress let them alone. by the Congress, which they deemn op: If the people chose to resist ; why, it is pressive, and they found this projected the people's affair; the measures and resistance upon the old principle, that counsels must be changed, and all is resistance of oppression is a RIGHT quiet again. There can be no danger to inherent in freemen.--Our Times, Cou- Mr. Madison or the Members of the Fier, Chronicle, and other corrupt party Congress, who gain nothing by governpapers, applaud this conduct in the dising the country; and who can only want contented part of the Americans.-Fools! | to do the best for their own proper estates they do not see, that the very fact of and liberties, in common with those of such intended resistance being openiy the rest of the community. --Such a declared through the American press, Government can want neither treason without even a thought of it being dan-laws ror troops to protect it; because gerous so to do, is the greatest compli- the people may put out the rulers, and ment that they can possibly pay to the appoint others when they please, and American Government, and the strongest because those rulers have no private inproof that they can give us of the real terest to make them regret the loss of freedom of her press and her people. power. There is a Mr. RANDOLPH, Fools! to tell the world so much about of Virginia, who, a great partisan against this openly proposed resistance, when the President and the war, has published its passing like a summer cloud, unheeded, a long letter to the people of America, is the sure and certain proof of the per-| which out Times and Courier bave refect freedom of the Republican Govern published, and upon which the Times ment, which, in practice, secures the right makes the following remarks, which are of resisting, as well as complaining of, very interesting to intelligent readers, be oppressionFools ! do they not know, cause they shew clearly the mortification

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of these hirelings at the language which our high pretensions at Ilie peace. Mr. even their favourites are compelled to use Randolph, unlike most of his country: in America in order to avoid universal men,protesses to be proud of the Eug. execration.--"A New York paper of the lista blood in his veins,' and to look " 271h of December contains a long let" back with pride on the names of Al“ ter from the celebrated Mr. Randol; b, .fred, and Bacon, aud Shakspeare, a Statesman no less distinguished by "and Milton, and Locke.' He avows, “bis staunch nationality and republican" that during our magnanimous stand " is in, than by his persevering opposition against the Tyrant before whom all the “ to Mr. Madison's Governinent. The rest of Christendom had bowed," he Convention of the New England States put up fervent prayers for our success ; "at Hertford; and the strony probability " but the fact which be alleges in proof “that their proceedings would terminale “ of our having abandoned the high “ in a dissolution of the Union, have ground on which we then stood, and “ called forward Mr. Randolph as a ve- descended to the level of a jacobinical “ bement advocate against a

hostility, is one which deserves, and “ which this gentleman considers so me- “ will perhaps herealier demand some in“ nacing to liberty. Happily for him “vestigation. “Let net ber orators,' says “ these alarms are at an end. Our Di- " he, • declaim against the enormity of “plomatists at Ghent have not only " • French priuciples, when she permits

signed the di ath-warrant of the Hert-" « herself io arm and discipline our ford Convention, but have abandoned "slaves, and to lead them inio the field “ to the vengeance of their countrymen “ against their masters, in the hope of “the people of Nantucket, who had "exciting by their example a general “ declared for neutrality, as well as those “insurrection, and thus rendering vir “ of Maine, who had sworn allegiance to ginia another St. Domingo.' What “ his Majesty. We have forcibly re- grounds there may be for this charge" united States • destined,' in the pro- a heavy one it undoubtedly is-we pro“phetic language of Mr. Randolph, “to “ fess not to know ; but we do irust it si become within the present century a “ will not turn out, pon enquiry, that

"mighty nation, '-—'aconfederacy which have sanctioned the American trea“' has already given a diep blow to our chery of bribing our seamen to desert,

maritime pride, and threatens, at no by an example of conduct still more to ' distant day, to dispute with us the em- be reprobated. In regard to the prin"pire of the ocean. It is of importance " cipal object of his letter, Mr. Randolple " that we should urgently call the atien- " is grossly inconsistent. Ile professes “ tion of our readers, as Britous, 10 this an ardent love of liberty, not jacobini“ language----language proceedling not "cal, but of ancient Engli b growth. lie “ from a promoter, but from a study op- argues, that this liberiy must perisha in ponent of the war; not from an ad- “ America it the present constitution be “ mirer, but from an open despiser of the "overthrown ; and yet lie tacitly adnits “ American cabinet. Yet even this mon, " that under that constitution every spark “ in the moment of actual bankruptiy ~ of real liberiv bas beconie extinct. “ to the Government, and of impending “'Atheists and madnen,' says he, have “ dissolution to the union of the States, been our lawyivers.' “ can triumph over. Great Britain, and "under a virtual imprimatur.' The

augur the speedy subjection of her “'union is held together by no common

power! What will lie say, when he "oauthority to which men can look up “ learns that the uplifted rod of ven- * with confidence and respect.' “Cougeance was stayed by a treaty, in which

'gress is Helo de se.' In short we ailected to consult only the ho- Our Government is, in fact; already “ nour and the fair pretensions' of Ame- changed. It was from these very “ rica ? Ile will not even give us credit for “ considerations, and not from any hos

our liberality; for as the general le- tility to the real interests of America, “ pour of his letter shews him to be con- " that we carnestly wishes the strong “ vinced that our conduct in the war las hand of Briiain would hare oririhroun “ been mean, and dasturdix, and barbu- " ihe chuviic sijst:m of these Hiheists

rous, so he will attribute to nothing and madmen," and without pretending “ but couwdice the airaudonment of all “ to establish an invidious supremacy,

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" would have held out to all the States of commerce, now preparing between "whokiner how to value the gift, a liberal America and France, has been two months "and BROTHERLY ALLIANCE, such as in force, and we see the sea covered with " that so eloquently sketched in Burke's American ships, the Members of the " address to the North American colo-Hertford Convention will bave been as nists -perhaps the most beautiful and completely forgotten as the insects, on

affecting State Paper ever penned.-- which they have trodden, going to and Now, reader, do you happen to know, from the place of their sittings.- --The whether the sublime Burke penned this triumph of republican principles is now " most beautiful and affecting State complete in America. The press has

Paper" before, or afier, he got his pen- never, in any one instance, been shackled; sion for life of 3,0001. a year?- Foo!! every one has been free to say, to write, he wished tid he, for "a brotherly alli- to publislı, just what he pleased, though

ance" with those states, who “knew the country was invaded in many parts

how to rolve the gijt." Oh ass! Insuf- at once, and though the Houses of the ferable fool! how will the Americans Congress and President were in fames. laugh at the idea of a "brotherly alli- No law for the security of freedom has

with .... and .... and ... ever been suspended; no restraint put and .... Oh, that I could speak out! upon the tongue or the pen of any man, But, faith, they will speak out for me on other than the natural, the just, restraint the other side of the water. “A brotherly imposed by public opinion, by a sense of. " alliance !" I told the fool long ago, that shame, or by a fear of the contempt and he knows nothing of the Americans. I hatred of men's neighbours. The Presitold him, that, whatever nvise the aris- dent and the Congress have stood in need foerais might make about a separation of no guards to defend them. All has of the Union, they would draw in their been free and safe at heart, and every horns, when the pinch came, and even hostile arm at the disposal of the country join the rest of the people against us. for its defence against the foreign enemy. It is very true, however, as this man --The fool of the Times keeps harping observes, that, in the treaty of Ghent, upon the bankrupt state of the American "ue signed the death warrant of the

. Government. Ole, fool, food why, this "Llertford convention;" but, so far ought only adds to the praises of the repubwe to be from lamenting this, we ought to lican system, which gets tlie better of all rejoice at it, seeing that that couvention such difficulties; which knows no weakhad for its real object the forcing into nesses from such a cause; which, with power a set of aspiring men, who aim at or without money, pushes out its squathe debasement of their country by the drons, arms its people, and obtains peace introduction of distinctions incompatible on honorable terms. This fool has so long with republican freedom. If those men been used to talk of money as the sinews had succeeded in their undertaking, of war; to look upon subsidies and merAmerica would have become an object cenary troops and si cret services as the of contempt, instead of being, what she means of defending a country, that he How is, an object of envy. The fanie supposes, that the moment a gorernment of real liberty it was the design of these is poor, the country must be subdued, vain men to extinguish. Ought we not if any one will be at the trouble of atto rejoice, that the death warrant of tacking. The fool does not perceive, that such a nest of conspirators was signed national defence, in America, is the busiby our worthy Regent? We do not like ness of the people themselves; that the conspirators at home ; why ought we to President has no more to do with it, as like theni abroad? The leaders of the to his private interest, than any other " British convention," in Scotland, who man; and, in short, every citizen having wanted a reform of Parliament, were something to fight for, the Commontransported to Botany Buy, The lead- wealth is defended, with all its instituers of the New England Convention, tions, laws and liberties, though there be will be merelysent to Coventry.They not a shilling in the public treasury, may, perhaps, now and then, meet with Paine observed very truly, that a rich a republican to spit upon thein; but, government made a poor people. In that will be the utmost of their punish- America the people are rich and the gopent. By the time that the new treaty vernment poor; and that, apparently is the state of things which that queer sort, None of these addresses have yet been of a nation prefers. We like a different translated; but their general tendency state of things. We like a rich and splen- may be easily inferred, from the followdid government, decorated with Crowns, ing Ansuer of the King to the adCaronets, Mitres, Robes and Gowns, dress presented by the Nobility of dignified Wigs, Maces and

and Golden Naples. This answer also sliews, that Coaches, and tall strait beautifal men on Murat himself entertains no fears as to horseback and on toot dressed in scarlet, the safety of his throne or the independblue, and gold. Our taste is, out of all arce of tog nation:--" The adılsess of doubt, the best; but, then, we may let " the Nobility of my kindom was highly the poor hoghanmoghan republicans qui- " flattering to my heart; the feeling and etly enjoy their meals o beef, geese, " wishes which it expresses fully agree ducks, and turkeys. They are feasting ." with my views and sentiments. Never the belly;, we the eyes. If ours is the " did tbe Nobility stes itself more wor. most refined taste, let us pity the repub- thy iban er this soleino occasion, when licans, and suffer them to least in quiet. setting aside its own pretensions, and

"forgetting its ancient privilegez, it has MURAT, KING or NAPLES.-There's

spoken for the good of the Sovereign can be no doubt, from the proceedings raun of the State. It has spoken the on the trial of General Excelman, that language of patriotism and honour. Joachim Murat is, at this moment, re- “ The Neapolitan nation will eternally garded as an enemy by the present reign- " honour the paine of so many long ceing family of France. I am sorry for “lebrated families, of so many distinthis, because, alilough I have no very guished by late services'; and my sucgreat liking tor Kings, I consider diurut " cessors will kvow how to distinguush to be one of the liest Sovereigns that has then, who have now, by their disinappeared in Europe for, at least, a centere lehess, acquired fresh glory. The tury. According to the most correct in- " nobility wis!: for institutions which may furmation, his subjects and entirely de- insure the duration of a sineral Geo voter to him, and this wond not be the so verneut. This trish must be that' çase if he were a despot, ir airandoned" of the is bole nation, and i know that it to the gratification of unatural, or inor-js-so, It would have been already dinate passions, instead of making the failed lad niet political storis iniu'eilure of his people the chief o,cet i Peded my view's. Our first want is his care.

But, however much be may silia independie ücr cf?de notiun. 'I'HIS be liated by the Bourbons, and by the IS OBTAINED--it is sçcured by the priests, who, I have no doubt, were thie valous of my army;

We may not enauthors of the late attempt to poison ploy ourselves in the internal organizhim, Murat appears to be on the besi "ation of the kingilom, and all my possible terms with the Emperor of Aus- " theughts are directed to this important tria, who posses:es the means of making object. Institutions silitable to our his ally be respected, should there be any times are equally necessary for the good intention on the part of France to ques- of the nation, and for the splendour tion his right to the throne of Naples, and security of the throne. i declare Wish regard to what is said about that it gives me less pleasure to gotrackini's designs against the Pope, no- win, than in the midst of this priple thung has appeared in a shape suficiently whom I so greaily love, and which hus authentic, to enable me to fora a cor- " sheron so much lere to me, to found a rect opinion, though I should be well regular Görernment, surrounded by the pleased to hear that the telaporal, is well " Counsellors of the nation, io preserve do the spiritnal power of his holiness, it from passion and error; a Guvern. had received an irrecoverable blow." nent, which will always be om rored by lo the midst of the dangers' which " the brave Neapolitan nation, because its threated Murat, addresses of congra-only object can be their happiness. i$ tulation are péuting in from all parts of l" the Nobility leave to their successors his kingdom, !0 wbich his great merits," the glorious character they now disnot only as' Sovereign, and a States " play, iny successors will find in them, mun, bu: as a man, are much, yod, in " as i do, the brightest support of late pony opiosos, deservedly dwelt upon.- )“ throne.”

THE INQUISITION.

nieasures of conciliation towards the

suffering inhabitants of his kingdom. SIR, -I beg leave to call the attention It is therefore with encreased astonishof your readers to the following most ment that I have perused the above doextraordinary proclamation, which Icument. A long residence in that counhave copied from the Times newspaper try, and a very perfect knowledge of its of the 1st instant: “ Madrid, Jan. 12. customs, enables me to judge very ac“ By order of Don Francisco Mier y curately of the inclinations, and manners " Campillo, Bishop of Almeria, and In- of thinking, of the great body of the peoquisitor-General, a proclamation, in pie. "I have, therefore, no hesitation in " substance as follows, has been attix- most positively stating, in defiance of “ed to the doors of all the churches: whatever the bireling press may say to " [It begins with reciting the Pope's the contrary, that the establishment of Bull (formerly publisbed) against the dominion of the priests, is in com"free-masons, &c. and then proceeds plete contradiction to the general wish of

as follows:}-We have learned that a the people. The effect of the Inquisition " nunber of Spaniards, yielding to the is little understood in this country. It " frightful yoke of our oppressors, and is either greatly exaggerated, or, by its “ drawn into foreign countries, have had apologists, extenuated into nothing. I “ the weakness to connect themselves will endeavour to explain to you, Sir, its " with those societies which lead to sedi- general operations upon society, which is " lion, insubordination, to every error, by far the most important way in which " and to all crimes; we at the same time it ought to be considered, affecting as it " trust that such individuals, restored to does the interior economy of every fa" liberty and their country, will recollect mily. " that tbey are Spaniards, and will, T'he chief seat of this tribunal is at " after the example of their ancestors, Madrid, where it is under the government " sabmit with docility and respect to of the Inquisitor General, a numerous " the voice of the Supreme Pastor, and council, and a very extended suite of su" of our legitimate Sovereign. With bordinate officers. In every city, and

the advice of the Members of his even to the smallest towns in the king. “ Majesty's Council, and of the Holy dom, a miniature fac simile of this estaInquisition, we offer now to receive, blishment exists, composed precisely in “ with open arins, and all the tenderness the same way; with this single difference, befitting our character and functions, that in the provinces the inquisitors are those who within a fortnight from the not publicly avowed, only guessed at. In “ date of the publication of the present every family, there is either a resident "edict, shall voluntarily and sponta- priest, or one who daily visits, or investi

nec iely give themselves up to us: gates its most minute concerns.' If he " but if any one (wbich God forbid!) resides in the house, he regulates at his " continue obstinate in the path of pero will, the entire government of its in" dition, we will employ, to our great maies. No circumstance the most triting “ regret, serenity and rigour, and sub- can take place, without his knowledge or

ject them to all the penalties inflicted concurrence, even to visitors received, or " by ihe civil and canon law. We visits paid. In families not rich enough " order the present edict to be read in to render the residence of a priest sutii"all the churches of the kingdom, and ciently comfortable, the daily visitor is as " to be fixed up at allthe church-doors, much master of every action that passes " from whence it must not be taken within doors, as though he resided in tlie " down without our permission, under house. The chief inquisitor, in towns

pain of the greater excommunication, of moderate size, is not always a priest. " and 200 dueats fine.” This procla- tie is very often the principal inhabitant; mation, canoot but excite in the minds that is to say, the person possessing the of all liberal meo, the most lively sen- most consideration. In this case, the sations of alarm. For several days appointment is received by him from the past all accounts from Spain have Inquisitor General at Madrid; and he is brought the information, that it was obliged to undertake the office, and per the intention of Ferdinand the Vilth to form its functions, however repugnant adopt, at the advice & M. Cevallos, they may be to his teeunge.-- Tuns it of

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