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ten happens that a gentleman, who is in vested with the office of Provincial Inqui sitor, receives an order to arrest auc place in solitary and close confinement (as is the case with all the inquisition prisoners) his dearest friend, even his wife, and his only child, of whose offence he is haply in perfect ignorance, whose ultimate destination is entirely unknown to him, and the horrors of whose confinement he cannot ameliorate, without the certainty of being himself subject to the same. The provincial prisons of the Inquisition are held in such awe, and wrapt in such mystery, that no human being dare make enquiry as to their contents.-The arrests take place invariably at midnight, and the When Ferdinand turned to Spain, he prisoner is removed by unknown attend- found the liberal policy of Bonaparte ants, at that solemn hour, and in pro-had given universal freedom to all manfound silence, from provincial prison to kind. The annihilation of the Inquisition provincial prison, until all trace of him is was a death-blow to the clergy, inasmuch lost. If he is seized upon in one town, as from that very moment; with one achis examination does not take place for cord, the resident priests were dismissed months, and then in another town in the ve- from each family, and the visits of the ay opposite part of the kingdom to that of other class no longer tolerated. Priesthis residence. Should be even return to hood thus was rapidly falling into decay, his family, he dares not speak, nor dare and had the Regency and the Cortes conthey enquire, as to any thing that bas oc- tinued another year, Ferdinand's wholę curied to him during his absence. The efforts to re establish them' would have uímost secrecy prevails on every subject. Leen in vain. Tyranny always looks to The Inquisiters are unknown, even to the priesthood for support. fa fettering each other, and where a provincial tribu- | the mind of man, a tyrant is best enabled nal is sur moned to as end-de an unknown to establish his dominion, and we find

'eries,its secret signs, and its correspondencies, by which it was able in some measure, to penetrate into the hidden operations of the Inquisition. The boud of secrecy that united its members enabled them to co-operate against that formidable tribunal, and was a sort of counterpoise to its effect. The clergy therefore decided upon its annihilation, and the proclamation now before you is one measure taken for that purpose. Ferdinand, a tyrant at heart, found that the priests were his best support, their principles being in unison with his own, and at their request, no doubt, this horrid mandate has been issued.


messenger arrives at midnight with the order, which is delivered in silence, with sone mysterious signs by which its authenticity is known, and the place of assembly pointed out. You will thus understand how this tribunal is enabled to carry its espionage into the most remote recesses of every family. The priests who, as I have already shewn, are every where,arethus enabled to communicate the inost private transactions of every individual, and no one is safe. Anonymous information being always received, the Holy Office, in the first instance, transmits

throughout univer-al history that therę never existed a despotie monarch, who did not place his chief reliance upon the influence of priesteraft. It was upon this principle that Ferdinand on his return looked up to this body to support him, in those measures which he a determined on; and they, in their turn, were delighted to find that a prospect once more opened to them of recovering their fallen jo ver.


The rmy, on whom the king was obliged to place a considerable reliance, had not yet sufficiently thrown off the the charge to the Inquisitor in the neigh-influence of superstition, to oppose the bourhood of the accused, who summons shoals of monks, and priests, who were immediately before him, the priest with again let loose upon them. Ferdinand whom the accused cca.unes, and on did not temporise, He acted in the most whose report ulterior proceedings are decisive manner, and by holdly seizing dopted. Yea will at once see, therefore, upon and destroying the friends of reason the nature of the influence which this and liberty, he consolidated his power, body possesses, and the absolute power and proceeded to the universal destruction which it holds over every class of society.of

every thing that had been done in his absence towards the restoration of personai and mental liLeity. In these efforts he was seconded, of course, by the whole

The principal cause of batred which the Institution has to freemasonry is, that this latter institutionpossesses aiso its mys


body of the priests. Several of the prin- | which had, since the residence of the cipal generals of the old school, who rench in the Peninsula, become very had never shaken off the bands of fanati-merons, were actively employed in cism, and locking up to the prospective endeavouring to counteract its operation. rewards for the services they might render To the secret means of communication towards enslaving their fellow citizens, which this society possessed, is to be immediately joined the monarch with attributed the escape of those patricts their whole weight. It is with regret! 10 Gibraltar, who were afterwards dehave to state that there were British | manded by the sanguinary Vilia Viciosa, Officers found who would join in so mon the governor of Cadiz, on whose mandate strous an union against that liberty, their James Duff, the British consul there, blessings of which a reference to the claimed, and for whose delivery, to the land of their birth ought to have strong blood hounds of the Inquisition, to the ly inculcated on their minds. To the honor of the British Parlament, (though high honor of others, they refused to not until motion after motion had been continue in so despicable a service. made on the subject by the opposition,) On the return of Ferdinand, he found General Smith received so severe a reprithe following British Glicers, in his mani; and which was, it is supposed, the army:-Generals Recke, Dyer, Whit- ultimate cause of his recal. a hus when the tingham, Doyle, Carrol, and Downie. Inquisitors found that the jodges Of these Dyer, Whittingham, and Carrol, of Free-masons, had counteracted some resigned their Spanish commissions on of their projected schemes of blood, it ihe suppression of the Cortes, and have | became necessary to put them down. returned to their native service. Sir They were proscribed accordingly; but John Downie had been a commissary the secrecy attendant on their composi in the British army, which employment tion setting ordinary megstues at defile quitted and received a commission ance, recourse has been had to the profom the Provincial Junta of Seville.clamation that has been the subject of This was afterwards confimed by the this letter. I have at present intruded Cortes; from whom also he asked, and too much perhaps on your valuable coreceived one of the cresses, as they are luns. I shall, in a second letter, called, of the order of Charles the Hid: communieste to you an interesting deand, in compliment to whom our Prince tail of the very atiful and extraordinary Regent knighted hia. Thus to the methods adopted by the clergy to bring Cores he owed his all!- Cu the arrival over Ferdinand SO entirely to their of the Spanish monarch Sir John bow-views, which have produced the prenie was et Madrid, where he had been sent state of misery and dismay in which ad the period of the French cam- all Spain is involved. I am, & c. aign, occupying himself with politics at the seat of government, instead of sharing the dangers of the seat of war; and, strange to say, was one of those who were enjoyed in the honourable | chice of establishing the Inquisition, and imprisoning that very same Cortes from whom he received his employment. cuted individuels, having escaped the 1 Every other British officer in the Spa-hely Heod-hounds, has reached this nich service rejected, with scorn, this country, and, in consequence of what vile employment.- Sir John Lyer wrote lately passed in parliament respecting his a mest impressive letter, in which he disgraceful arrest, has addressed a let! resigned his commission in the Spanishter to the public, through the medium of service, preferring honourable retirement the newspapers. This genticman's name to beng the tock of a despot! How is Antonio Puigblanch, and the followever, the Inquisition was re-established;ing is the account he gives of his reasons all the ordinances issued by Eonaparte for leaving Cadiz, and of his subsequent and the Cortes, for its eternal suppres-apprecision at Gibraltar:-" There besion, were decla.ed void, and additional "ing strong reason to believe at Cadiz, rigour was given to its authority. In the "about the middle of last May, that mean the, the Lodge. of Free-masons, Ferdinand the Vilth, instigated by bad




P. S. Having mentioned the case of the twe unfortunate Spaniards, who were shamefully given up to the vengeance of their Government by a british officer at Gibraltar, I cannot omit noticing the circumstance that one of these perse

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advice, was about to overturn the constitution, and at the same time having reason to fear the re-establishment of the Inquisition, against which, exercising the right allowed me by the laws during the existence of the Cortes, I "had written a work, entitled, The In"quisition Unmasked, I endeavoured to place myself in safety. With this "view, having procured a passport from Senor Valdez, then Governor of Cadiz, "and which, for the greater security, "got countersigned by Sir J. Duff, I went "by sea to Gibraltar, with an intention "of coming to London. In the same assage-boat with me was a Captain "retired from service, by name Don Diego Correa, who was also leaving "Spain in consequence of the threatened "revolution in public affairs, and with "whom I had no previous communication, although I knew him by repute to "be a brave soldier, and a good patriot. "We had been three days at an inn at


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Gibraltar, when, about eleven at night, "an Adjutant of the fortress made his "appearance, with a picquet of infantry," "and took us prisoners to the guard-house. Next day we were examined, and our "declarations taken; and after two days more had elapsed, we were delivered up to the Spanish Consul, who sent us "to the Cominandant of the camp of St. "Roque, at Algesiras."-Towards the conclusion of this letter, will be found the following very severe and pointed strictures on the conduct of Sir James Duff:-" The charges brought against "me in Sir James Duff's letter, viz. that "I am the author of The Inquisition"


years, been too much given to foreign politics, to look well to his affairs at home. The time, however, is now arrived for his doing so; and, upon finding domestic matters much out of order, John is astonished, puzzled, and perplexed. With his bands in his breeches pocket, feeling his purse, John looks forward, and is alarmed. Then measuring its contents, by the grip of his intelligent fingers, he looks back, and heaves a deep sigh! I-But, Sir, it is for those benevolent minds, who told him, long ago, how to avoid his present dilemma (notwithstanding his former obstinacy,) still to assist him in averting future evils, and preventing, if possible, a recurrence of the past. This will be but consistent with our Tenets; and, with your permission, thro' your intelligent Register, I'll try my hand.

Your publication of the 28th, contains, an ingenious article, under the Head, No. 1, Corn Bill, from the Courier; in which it is stated that " The English "Farmer, cannot grow Corn, unless, by " an importation duty, the foreign Far

mer be made to bear part of the Eng"lish Farmer's taxes; and here I take my fstand."--You, in reply, say, "but he, "will not bear part then, for he will not


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ing it in print, that this would have "been regarded as an imputation upon "my character: and the Consul of his "Britannic Majesty has preceded in "this point as the most fanatic cassal ei his Catholic Majesty might be suppos"ed to have done."

Unmasked, is as little entitled to atten"tion as the preceding. Such a charge "is the more preposterous, as being


brought against me by a citizen of a "free and enlightened nation, which, "from principles of religion and a just "resentment, must detest that tribunal.

"I could not have believed, without see-am disposed to think, of the former blun


ders of the Ministry. And why can it
not? Why because our extravagance and
prodigality, in spending, lending, and
giving away the Wealth of the Nation,
has been so rapid and so vast. We have
contracted an immense debt, and must
continue to pay the interest of an addi-
tional six hundred millions, incurred
within these twenty years, to preserve
our honour, and our credit from being
sullied. We cannot, therefore, reduce


MR. COBRETT.-I agree with you, that John Bell's attention has, of late

bring his corn, and it is meant, that he "should not--Here I take my stand." -The article from the Courier (looking at its purpose) is written with adroitness, and great ability; but you have, with equal adroitness, and with much greater aptness of argument, fully and fairly detected, and exposed, its plausible fallacy-after which you say-" Reduce the Taxes of the English Farmer, and then "he will grow corn enough, without the aid of foreign supply."-But this Reduction, (as I know you are fully aware, tho' you choose to pause here,) cannot be expected to happen at least in time, and to the extent sought, for the relief of the Farmer; or rather, for the relief, I


Country lift her head amidst surrounding Nations!-and still may we find means, sufficient to meet all purposes.-Methinks I hear the manufacturers and agriculturists say, "Why, yes; all this

our taxes, I fear, greatly and suddenly. If we rest then, upon the grounds of the Courier, our Manufactures, and general prosperity must decline; and if upon an immediate, and an efficient reduction of our taxes, the Fund-holders must suffer, may be true, but how are these matters" or the Wheels of the Government Mail be "to be carried into effect?"--By not too much clogg'd, to perform their usual selling yourselves, first to trading mem circumrotation. This, Mr. Cobbett, is bers of Parliament, then trading members a puzzling dilemma!—a situation of dis- cannot sell you a second time, in suptress and difficulty, naturally suggesting port of profusion, irrational wars, and two Questions.--Who brought us into it? the increase of taxation.--Ask one and -What is to be done?-In answer to the all constitutionally, but firmly ask, for first, I say, that those, who have been a radical reform in your representation. supporting, and encouraging the War-Be Englishmen, and English property, but jully, fairly, and honourably represented; and corruption, tho' encouraged by the unthinking, and the prodigal, in the most wasteful profusion, will not, cannot, again bring this country into the distressing dilemma, which the lavish expenditure of the last twenty-three years has effected. With this remedy, we should need no importation duties upon corn, nor be burthened with more paupers, or with higher prices for the necessaries of life than other countries.

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of passion, not of prudence;-those who
denominated the voice of reason and of
justice, Jacobinism; those who shouted,
huzzaed,and bravadoed, echoing toa trium-
phant Majority of their said-to-be-Re-
presentatives im Parliament, at every
new tax, and at every annual addition of
fifteen or twenty millions of expenditure.
Such, I regret to say,were a great portion
of this easily-misled Nation, (the Agri-
culturists almost entirely) blinded, and
half mad, by a deceitful prosperity,
which they thought must still increase
with general wretchedness; and which
their self-nourished and destructive favor
mistook for sincere and lasting reality.
--As to the second question.-What is
to be done?-What but, from past errors,
10 learn future Wisdom? This is the
lot of humanity; and every thing which
our newly-awakened reason, prudence,
and economy can suggest, should, if pos
sible, be instantaneously adopted :--Call
the wisest Councils,-not of the present
weak, and extravagant school, that
has brought England into unexampled
difficulties. Let every branch of our
administration be rendered economical;
cut off all superfluous expences; part"
with all irrational costly establishments;
call upon our public Men, of large
public Men, of large
fortunes, to discharge, for a few years,
official duties gratis; establish such
preventions, with due care, that the same
wasteful extravagance, the like mania
for wanton warfare, with all its destruc-
tive costliness, never may recur. Let
the Government honourably discharge"
its duties to the people; the People'
theirs to the Government. Let us bui
do this honestly, wisely, promptly, and
constitutionally, and, like old English
Fatriots, we may still fearless look our
lifeites in the face-Still may cur


Without this remedy, the evils we complain of must continue, seeing we have acquired the Heaven-born taste for millions over thousands. England will then become a Cipher amongst the Nations of Europe !


Jan. 31, 1815.


MR. COBBETT.-The following article, to which the Editor of the Morning Post has prefixed the above terrific title, appeared in that journal of yesterday:



Paris, Feb. 1.-The Sixth Chamber "of Correctional Police, this day, condemned to five year's imprisonment, a fine of 200 francs, and the expences of suit, a man named Negede, who "called himself Le Bon Duu, on ac"count of his alledged inspiration from 66 heaven! It appeared, this audacious hypocrite had swindled many of his neighbours out of various sums of money-particularly the female sex-in consequence of his blasphemous pretensions."-From this article it appears, that in France things have e considerably altered since Bonaparte was put down. During his reign, any man might have believed, professed, or pretended what he liked as to religion. Under the pre

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sent regime, inspiration is not permitted. Had Joanna Southcott, Parson Towzer, &c. gone over to that country, instead of making converts, they would have been sent to the gallies! Who, therefore, will atteript to deny, that ours is the mildest of all possible governments, and Lord Ellenborough the most moderate of all possible judges? Mr. George Houston, to be sure, who composed that most diabolical book entitled "Ecce Homo," is on the opposite side of the question. He wants to prove--what I shudder to think of-of course dare not repcat--and the poor man in France who set himself up as being "Le Bon Dieu," the good God himself, is seat (in order to convince the world of his mistake) to prison for five years! But his followers, I understand, swear, that this is a certain evidence of his divinity, and impiously appeal to historical proofs, whether an instance is not to be found, some where or other, of a man being even put to death for a similar offence, and yet becoming after-nadotte, the Crown Prince of Sweden, wards the founder of a religion so pow- than from any regard to the rights of erful, that to express a doubt of its divinity the exiled monarch. How, indeed, can subjected every unfortunate disbeliever it be otherwise, when the case of the unto fine, imprisonment, and its whole train fortunate sovereign of Saxony is consiof concomitant evils. I give you the | dered?-As to him neither rights, justice text. I leave the commentary to your nor policy are respected. It must, therereaders; and am, &c. fore, have been to promote some other Feb. 9, 1815. object than that of asserting the personal claims of Gustavus, that he has been brought upon the carpet; and when the attempts which have lately been made by an infamous press, to bring the King of Naples into discredit are recollected, it will excite no surprise if it should turn out that the present is a scheme to favor some project, perhaps not yet fully matured, of dethroning Bernadotte. Whether this conjecture is well founded or not, a very short period will determine. Meanwhile I am your admirer. JULIAN, Feb. 9th. 1815.

the power of Napoleon. This unfortu tunate expression was immediately laid hold on by a faction: Gustavus was declared insane by his subjects, dethroned, exiled, and, ever since, has lived in retirement, on the scanty pittance which the humane and charitable were willing to bestow on fallen royalty. Now, however, he seems disposed to assert his rights, and if an article from Basle is to be credited, he has employed Sir Sydney Smith as his agent, to present a declaration to the Congress at Vienna, of which the substance is said to be a revocation, on his own part, and in behalf of his son, of the act of abdication by which he resigned the crown and government of Sweden.Without attributing any improper motives to the interference of a British Minister in a business. of this nature, I cannot help thinking that the appearance of this declaration at the present moment, is more for the purpose of alarming Ber


THE LATE KING OF SWEDEN. Mr. COEBETT. Of all the claimants among the legitimate sovereigns of Europe, to restitation of the territory and kingdoms, which they lost in consequence of the mighty events attending the French revolution, it was scarcely to be expected that the ci-devant king of Sweden would have come forward and placed himself in the list. At one period, no doubt, he was hailed in this enlightened country as a magnanimous prince, and extolled to the skies for his virtues, because he ventured to quarrel with Bonaparte; but our sagacious politicians were not long in discovering, that the empty coffers of his treasury were ill calculated to maintain a struggle with France. At first, our generosity enabled him to oppose something like a show of resistance to the "Corsican Usurper," but lavish as we were of our money at that period, we soon got tired of our magnanimous ally, and asserted that he was mad to think of resisting



SIR,-In your valuable Register of the week before last, your Correspondent Civis, has made a most unwarrantable attack upon the New Legion of Honour, by adding to the ranks of that "most honourable Institution," the person whom


calls "Sir Digby Hamilton," and classes with Sir Henry Torrens and Sir Harry Calvert, &c. I beg the favour of your being so good as to correct this

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