Page images
PDF
EPUB

no tythes, no poor-rates, and compara- | measure to keep up prices. The farmer tively very little in taxes of any sort.- who grows 100 quarters of wheat can Well said Cambridgeshire ! So, then, here get on if the government demand 50 are " the loyal;" the old, loya!" Uman- quarters towards the payment of the dry Garaldry;" the gallant men, whose debt expences, and the army, navy, and swords glittered like lightning, a few royal family and other things; but, if years ago, against the poor Jacobius, who the government demand 90 quarters of were safe enough under the warrants of it, the farmer cannot go on. And, it is the Secretary of State; here are these quite useless to " Exchequer him"; for, "the loyal" par excellence, crying out, by dreadful as the fulmination may be, it a side wind, against tythes, poor-rates, camot make him pay that which he has a: -' tares of all sorts ; that is to say, not.-Let me make this matter as clear against the established church, and against as day-light.-Farmer Gripeun pays, the very existence of that system of in all sorts of taxes, direct and indirect, sway, to uphold which they often pledged 200 pounds a year to the government. themselves to spend their last shilling, He grows 50 quarters of wheat. If his aud ibe last drop of their blood." What, wheat be 120 shillings a quarter, the goThen, would these men insinuate, that vernment demand about 32 quarters of it, ide l’rench people are better off than we but, if his wheat be 60 shillings a quarter, are ; that they have gained by that revo- the government demand about 64 quarters lution which has been so much abused ; of it, which is 14 quarters more than poor that, in getting rid of tythes and taxes, Gripeum grows, who is obliged, therethey have really been, upon the whole, fore, to sell cows, pigs, sheep, and every benefited! Do they confess, that we thing else before the year is out, to make are come out of the contest worsted ? up the deficiency, to pay bis rent, ia bour, How does this agree with all the bon- and to find him clothes. It is manifest, fires, and bell-ringing, and ox-roasting, therefore, that Gripeum must be ruined and Serpentine River, and Green Park if he cannot sell his wheat at a high price rejoicinys ? What ! do they confess, after as long as the demand of the government all, that we have lost by the 22 years continues to be heavy. But, theu, if he struggle ?---But tythes; why do they sells his wheat dear, the baker must sell name tythes, unless to ask for their aboli- his bread dear; so that it comes, at last țion ? Nay, unless to ask for the sending to this: heavy taxes make dear bread: it of the Bisliops and Parsons to grass? If, is the loaf that is taxed, and the consum now, any cne were to write against re- mer pays the tax.- -If it be resolved, ligion, and to say, that it was useless, that the taxes shall not be reduced, a Corn how these persons would grind their teeth Bill must be made; for, without it the at him, and grin with delight at seeing him taxes cannot be collected. I, for my part, sent to starve and rot in a jail

. How they expect to see wheat, before next harvest, would bellow forth Atheist, Blasphemer, Cl. a quarter; and this ought to be no and all sorts of vile appellations. If any one subject of complaint with those who are were to ridicule the rites and ceremonies for the army's not being disbanded. They of marriage, baptism, churching of wo- wish for the army to continue, and, reale men, contirmation, visitation of the sick, ly, I am for no dispute with them about the Lord's supper, absolution, consecra- the matter, but, then, they cannot suption of church-yards, burial of the dead, pose, that our ministers, liberal as they how they would stare at him ; how they are, can keep up the army out of their would rejoice to see him ruined, and own pockets. The question is this : arg killed by inches. And yet, they aim a you for a standing army, or Cheap Bread. much more direct blow at all these things - Both you cannot have. There are no by insinuating, that tbey cannot sell bread petitions against the former, and, theresô cheap as they would be able to sell it, tore, it would be unreasonable and unjust if the tythes, which support the Church, to expect the latter. It appears, that did not exist.- - We are upon the eve, a county meeting in Kent has been held I imagine, of some great change in pub- for the purpose of petitioning for a Corn ļic matters. The war las left all its heavy Bill.-The people" (for the people they load behind it, and has lost all its profits. are) overset the Meeting, and committed To raise the means of supporting that sume violences. The Courier blames quad, the government must adopt some them; but did not this man, last year

we

are

promulgate the very errors, upon which their columns with. But, they always these people have acted ? Now he bas avoid the point at the hears. They fvernd out, that the government canuot always avoid the exposition of this great collect the taxes without a Corn Bill; fact: that high prices cre necessary to and therefore, now he is for a Corn Bill! farmers only because the larrs ore high. --There is one precious confession in this They always avoid this point; this paper. It is as follows ; “ The devision of thrust at the leit side.--I biase shewn

property in France, however disastrous Before that all other expences keep pace * its ultimate effects, has created a far with the price of con; and thal, as far * greater and more universud tillage than as they go, cheap corn is as good as dear * existed before the Revolution, Pray, corn to the farmers. It is the taxes, reader, mark well these words; and, pray the taxes, the taxes, the taxes, the taxes. do recollect, that this same mau a thou- They do not keep pace with the price of sand times told us, and swore to the fact, corn. They fall upon cheap corn with ilrat Bonaparte took away all the able the same weight as upon clear corn. men, and left none but old men, women, Soap, salt, leather, sugar, tea, candles, and children to till the land! But, tobacco, malt, land, Horses, windows, the main fact is: France grows more food houses, property, and niany other things, in consequence of her revolution; her are all tased as heavily now as wlien land is filled better in consequence wheat was 401. a load of tive quarters, of lier revolution: revolutions which It is not the farmer who wants a Core put down aristocracy and priesthood Bill: it is the Government, that it may "produce cheap brea by causing be able to get taxes.- now wonder more corn to be grown. This is what what the City of London will do,

now told in the " loyal" Consistency calls imperiously on it for newspapers. I am glad, at any rate, a petition against the threatened Bill; if the measure is to be adopted, that or, will it, too, like that tiue, venerable snel meu as Mr. Coke, Mr. Weston, old scientitie placeman, Mr. Rose, tinc and Mr. Whitbread, mean to leave it out a reason for not doing, this year, to the GOVERNMENT. It is, as I what it did, under simular circumsaid last year, their affair, and not the stances, last yrar. atfair of the farmers and landowners. Not a word would I say, if I were

THE LELOVED FEPDINAND. Mr. Coke; not a vote would I give, Mr. COLLETT-Since my last letter, for the measure. It is a question which I see by the public newspapers, that lies wholly with the government, the Lord Proby has made a motion in the army, and the fund holders. If prices líouse of Commons, for the names of are very brigh, all these may yet be all the English officers in the Spanish e fupported ; if prices are not very high, service, which he called, as it is reporter they cannot.-Where now is the famous in the Times newspaper, odious: anil OLD GEORGE ROSE,

the friend of

detestable. He spoke in terms of the "the people? Why does he not non utmost indignation on the subject, anel. nome forward? Wiieat is dearer than the whole house appeared to enter into his it was when he opposed the bill before. feelings. Mr. Varsittart, it is said in Where is the vortliy old man now? | the same journal, Damell Generals ilis creatures at Sonthampton, too, are Whittingham and Rochii, as leing in the quiet as mnice, though they have felt Spanish service. Now this was by no such benefits from their sports of wheat means treating these officers with fairirom France.--It would provoke almost iness. General Whittinglium is at this auw nan but nie to see liimsef robbed nioment in England, liaving resigned sis I am by these newspaper writers. bis employment; General koche is on 3!! that they now say in the way of the point of doing so: only two British wiguaxent to shew the necessily of high officers remain at present in ike service of priees, was said by me, last year, in Ferdinand, Sir John Douvie who is a my address to the people of Southamp- Brigadier General, and Col. Lavle of fon, "They have absolutely nothing the 871). regiment, who is a Lieut. nek; no, not a single thought. I, in General. The latter has never been riat one article, fn:nished them all with employed in any srrice, but that of drilwe arguments tliat they are now filling bling the Spanish recruits at a depot kich

The re

he has in the Isla De St. I eon, near | This, Sir, is the real story of the only Cadiz. He has for cars resided there, wo Pritislı otticers who are at present and during all the various changes, he has in the service of l'erdinand. Generals, still continued in his occupation, of Roche, Dyer, Whittingham, and Carroll, finding arms and clothing from Fugland have all quitted it; and General Doyle for the Spanish forces; in which arlucus is said to be on the point of doing so, employment, report says, he has amassed Then Sir John Domie will have all the a large fortune. Of Sir Joh! Doune honors of that service to himself

, and perhaps the following little history (of the much good may they do him. authenticity of which you my rest assur- I here can be uo doubt of the dreadful éd may not be unacceptable.liepossessed state, in which that delightful country early 'in the peninsular war, a very is now pluged, owing lv tlie tyrannical inferior appointment in the commissariat goverument, with which it is at present department, and gained a great deal of aitlicted. Ferdinand is literally without money, by sending home Merino sheep. a single minisier; lic employs the priests Finding he had but litile chance of who surround liim, occasionally in the promotion in the commissariai, he en- difierent othees of state, but there is no tered a volunteer into the Spanish service, department regularly tilled. at the time when the provincial junta, sponsibility is all upon himself, and a gladly gave any thing to all adventurers dicadful one it is. his old friends have who offered. Fie proposed 10 the junta all de:erted him. The Lukeof St.Carlos, of Estremadura to raise a leginil, which to whom lie owed liis very life, who lacl being of course accepted, le came to followed him into captivity, and shared England, and succeeded in obtaining from it with bim, is banished to a small the British Government, either clothing country house in the Sierra Morena, a for them, or money to purchase it with desolaie mountainous

waste,

which Abcut this time, the French broke up separates Andalusia from Castile. The from before Cadiz, and, in the month of Luke of Infantado, who was some time July or August, 1812, he accompanies ambassador in this country, is also in disColonel Skerrett, (who was unfortunately grace, banished to an estate be possesses killed in the late affair at Bergen op Zoom) about thirty leagues from the metropolis. in his advance upon Seville, hear which The Duke of ljar, wiose duchess is at city an engagement took place in which present in London, and one of the best Colonel Donnie was wounded. He then friends Ferdinand

ever possessed, is sciurned to England, and, as it is said, also canislied. In short, not a single at the request of Lord life, ihe Prince wan of either rank, talent, or public conRegent kuighteıl bim. On his return to sideraiion, remains about the court. Spain, the Corles gave liim the cross of The priests till every department, and The third class of Charles the 'I hird, and the lowest adventurers have caused the ibe rank of Brigadier General. After removal of every friend to the country. Wijch he went up to the army theu in Thus" the church has been the cause the Pyrenees, but as he did not obtain of all the evils which

oppress this unhapemploynient, le went to Madrid, where ps country. It is impossible to describe hejeniained until the reiwn of Fertiinand. the miserable stale in which it is placed; Wy bicar no more eflin, until the news- distrust and suspicion, pervade all ranks: papers in England, produce some long no nan is safe; the priests have so comjoid-Jer puff paragraphs, of bis having plutely become musters of every thing, teen silictail by the king,” 10 act that nothing can be dcne but thru under the Inquisitor General, in convey their intervention. In an arbitrary going the members of the Cortes to the pri- vernment, of the most despotic order, sons of'ilie inquisition. Ferdhand, per- there is, of course no regular taxation; haps not well pleased with the man, the king imposes what imposts he who he might think would do any ijing, pleases by royal edict. But aftairs are soon neglected him, and he obtair eil hourly getting worse; the loss of the "permission to retire," to seville, where he Ancrican colonies will be a death blow held an appointment as a sort of goaler in to him. General Morillo has been for a little prison in that city, which he pom- four months at Cadiz, endeavouring to pously designates with the bigli sounding assemble there something in the shape title of “ inspector of the rou

; al palace." of an army, to reduce to obedience the

rebellious colonists. This officer was politics or religion, I take the liberty, as originally in the old marine; he served as i constant reader, to beg of you, to lay. corporal of that corps, in the battle or :!le following remarks before your in

When the revolution broketelligent correspondents: Though the out, he joined a corps of guerilla subject is taken from Theological prein the south of Spain, and being a mises, yet it is purely historical: nor desperate soldier, shortly became a has it any relation whatever with any chief:-- From having served in the regular particular Church, creed, or faith. By army, his corps was known to posses. the generality of divines, the term holy a better state of discipline, than usually inspired scriptures is applied indiscrimiexister in those bodies. The Cortes, nately to the Old and New Testaments; accordingly, at the recommendation of which I cannot reconcile by rearing the Lord Wcliington, with whom he was a books of the Nou, and those bistorical great favourite, gave him tire permanent works which relate to them. Therefore, rank in the army of major general, and I shall endeavour, in as clear and conlie was selected by General Elio, wlocise a manner as I possibly can, to place was a principal agent in the restoration the subject in that light in which I view of Ferdinand, for the command of tie it. According to Dr. Lardner's chronoSouth American expedition. He went logical arrangement of the books of the to Cadiz in Serienber last to arrange New Testament, it appears that none his little army which was to consist of of them were written 'uill nearly 20 years 12,000 nen. When he got there, he after the death of Christ. The carliest found only about half that number, of them were some of the Epistles. The without arms, ammunition, or clothing. Gospels were not written 'tiil more than No military chest, no means of support ; | 30 years after his death. They were the men and officers quartered on the writies by different authors, at different inhabitants, by whom they were sup- times and places. Agreable to ilie ported, and the whole aflaw in a perfect liev. Jer. Jones on the canon of the New state of confusion. lle remonstrated ; Testament, the first collective form of he demanded supplies and money those books was in the beginning of the The former were promised him, aud third century. They must therefore the governor of Cadiz, the sanguinary have remained in detached books more Villa licencia, was ordered to make a than a century after the death of the requisition on the merchants of that city authors. In the Gospel of St. Mark for 2,000,000 of dollars for him: this Chap. XII. verse 24. Jesus said to the money not being forthcoming, the ex- Jews, Do ye not therefore err bepedition remains still in statu quo. cause ye know not the Scriptures ; in the mean time the revolutionists in St. Jolin, Chap. V. verse 39. He fiave obtained complete possession of tells them to " search the scriptures; ibe whole of Spainish America, and and in Chap. X. verse 35. “ and the have razed the fortifications of Monte scriptures cannot be broken. liere, Video to the ground--thus, a!! chance, in all these instances, Jesus appeals to all possibility of success is totally out of the Jewish books or writings called question, and General Morillo's expe- scriptures, which were in common, and dition is deferre: "ad græcas calendus." well known to all of them ; He must

I have intruded upon you, Sir, I fear, therefore have alluded to the Old Testa' at greater length than I ought to have ment only, because no part of the New

done. I shall take the liberty of ad- had any being at the time; consequently dressing you again next week, when I he would not appeal to a nonentity; to a shall give you some interesting details thing that had no existence. In the of the secret measures, Ferdinand and Acts of the Apostles, Chap. XVII. his priests have adopted to enslave the verse 11. it is said of the Bereans that country, which are known to very few " they scarched the scriptures daily; persons here. I remain, yours, &:c. Now as this book of the Acts of the

Civis." Apostles was written after the accom-,

plislument of those acts, and the scripINSPIRED WRITINGS.

tures of the Bereans were prior to those Sin--As your Register is open to cool acts, it could not be any part of those and sispassionate discussions, either on holy scriptures wbich the Bereans were

LETTER VII.

then reading daily. In St. Paul's Epistle wish to be informed of those bistorical to the Romans, Chap. XV. verse 4. means, whereby I may know, by whose he says, “ For whatsoever things were uthority those books, when 'formed written aforelime were written for our into their present collective state, were learning, inat ue through patience ani designated holy inspired scriptures.. comfort of the scripiures might har: It is my firm belief that if these books hope, ” Here it is evident, that those were more candidly examined, and more scriptures which Paul speaks cf' to the rationally considered, the truth, and Romans as being of comfort to them, avionality of christianity would be were written " aforetime ; " long before better understoed; but instead of which, this letter of his to them; therefore this the schools teach their youth to read epistle could not be then seriptures of and think according to the creed of the Romans. in ll Timothy Chapter their respective Church: thuis it is that III. verse 15 and 10. St. Paul tekis his the wind is murtured into an established friend " imothy that “all scripture is prejudice, superstition, and bigotry, giren by inspiration of Gud; and, that which will ever remain so, unless reafrom a child thou hast kurinn the holy son, by tree inquiry, resumes her goveruscriptures.” This epistle of Paul is a ment. part of the New Testament, but St. Paul does not here leil his friend Timothy. ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION, that this leirier of his, which he was then writing to him, was to be considered as

Remember that the disorders of the Soul are not a part of the holy scriptures; no, because Paul only alludes 10 those scriptures,

10 be cured by force and violence." which bis friend Timothy had known Cardinal de Camus.--Pastoral Instructions.1688, from his cbildhood. Hence, I think that JULIAN, the Roman Emperor, who pothing can be more clear, than that the fourisded in the fourth century from the authors of those narratives, and those Christian era, and when that religion Irad aimunitary, letters, which comprise the long been establisied in Rome, observing book of the New Testamient, do roi that wild beasts were less furious against any here assert, that what they were mankind than the generality of christians writing should be considered as a part towards those christians who thought of the holy inspired scriptures. Not differentiy from then:elves, was deteronly from. ihe clear evidence of those mined to restore the ancient pagan sysbooks themselves but likewise by com- tem, which was particularly mild and toparing them with other listerical docu- lerant, and, according to his views, better inents, it wil be found that the apostle, calculated to insure peace and harmony only alluded to those fioly inspired to society. For this he has been desigseriptures, which did then exist, (the nated the Aposiate hy all christian wriOld Testament) because the New bad ters since that period; but whatever no being at the time. Morcover some epithets they may please 19 give him, of the apostles were dead, before thie or whaiever abuse their spleen may beothers had written; consequently many stow on bis memory, they cannot deny of them were ignorant of some of those that he was a great philosopher and a books; and all of them were ubacquaint- very acute and sensible man.

His life, ed with them collectiecly, as they had if written impartially, would afford much no existence in suci a state 'lili inore instruction; but christians are not likely than a century afier the death of the lo do him justice oa account of their preauthors. It is not what may be thought judices. llis writings evince great judgeof those books, froin their intrinsic con- ment and discrimination, and will amply sideration that I solicit your attention, repay the Student for his labor in perubut because I liave ihe opinion of many sug tieu.--In his third Epistle, speakable writers, such as Vír. Evansou, ing of the clıristians by the name of GaliDr. Watts, Dr. Priestly, Dr. Horsley, ieans, lie has these remarkable words:&c. all of whom, I have no doubt," I will not suffer them to be dragged to were sincere christians, and of uniques-, “ the Altars, nor the least wrong to be oftionable. 'erudition and abilities; yet “ fered them. They are rather mad they all differed very widely in their “tlian wicked. Let us endeavour, if it is judgments of those books, ļ unly

I only possible, to make them hear reason

« PreviousContinue »