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“and to gain them by gentle means; we breathed with regard to the late Mrs. " ought not to hate, but to pity them. Southcott. But perhaps bis wisdom has " They are already but too unloppy by taught him to turn a deaf ear to their
deceiving themselves in the most essen. tboughtless malice.--I am willing, in the “ tial thing ipon earth.”—Now,although I present instance, to consider him possam no courtly parasite, and have the mis- essed of sentiments as amiable and liberal fortune to le devoid of that superstitious as those of Julian, which I have quoted veneration for kings and princes, which as my text, and to allow that he acts acdisables many people from holding in just cording to the dictates of sound policy. abborrence ile tyrannical Villain and He knows that there is no species of suthe public Bobber, because, forsooth, perstition that human credulity will not die is disguised from his fellow men by embrace, if it is presented in the shape of some high sounding butuneaning nick- religion. He is well aware too, of the name; is waited upon by a set of ser- manuer in which we receive all our ideas; vauts dressed like merry andrews, and and consequently is convinced that the ridles in a gauris chariot besmeared with errors of the mind are not voluntary erthe most ridiculus pictures called coats rors, and, therefore, can, never be cured of arms.--:5 torligt!, I say, I cannot pay by constraint or persecution. He is fully a stupid homage to a set of worthless sensible that if these people are deluderi, drones, merely hecanse they are concealed! Time, the tryer of all things, will do beneath the pione,) of title and the splen. more to open
than violent opdour ot'equipage. vet I trust I should ever position, which would only strengthen have the candiour to praise merit, eren them in their faith, because, like the when discovered in the Augean Stable Saints of old, they would deem it an infalof a Court.
Jible evidence of the truth of their sys Royalty is a soil seldom congenial lem.--As an enlightened christian, and to virtue and talent; consequently a siugle one whose mind soars far above the slatrait of gootiness, or ability, in the eva- vish priest-led-heril who bear that name, racter of a l'rince, should attract our at he is couscious that religious persecutitention as the brilhant gem of the glow on cannot be defender upon the pure worm, shining with more lastre through and simple principles of our holy religion the dark night of corruption. I am as taught by Jesus, and therefore has deabout to praise our gracious Prince Re- termined that these people should be left gent, because it strikes me that lie pos- to themselves, and permitted to worship sesses a mind superior to vulgar preju- ! the Gods after their own mauner, in, dices. I cannot conceive him entirely stead of listening to the cry of “ Crucify, ignorant of the sentiments promulgated Crucify," from an ignorant, bigotted, and by the time serving writers of our daily misyniiled populace.---It is because I Journals, or of the opinious of the great choose to consider that our good Prince bulk of society, relative to a particular las been governed by motives like these, Sect of Christians, and the celebrated that I attribute to him sentiments as female, whose name will be handed down amiable anil as wise as those of JULIAN; to posterity as their founder, with as but lest the illnatured, or envions, should much eclat as Arius, Socinus, William deny him the approbation I would give Penn, or John Wesley. The Newspapers him for cliristian charity, or philosophic have been continually attacking both her liberality, I will endeavour to prove that and her followers, in the inost scurilous he deserves the same mee of applause manner, and calling for legislative inter- for the enlightened policy his conduct, ference to suppress her doctrines; and on this occasion, has displayed.-Some the populace have been constantly wish- persons may say that the conduct of ing that the holy prophetess herself was princes ought to be attributed to their either burnt, or imprisonell for life. advisers; but they should recollect, These matters cannot have escaped the that it is their toolishi and wicked actions attention of a prince, whose business it alone that their ministers are accountable is to make himself acquainted with every for, and that every act of grace, wisthing which concerns the people who sul. dom, and clemency, usually proceeds. fer him to be their head servant. Ile from the monarch himself. Upon this must be aware of their clamour, and the principle, therefore, I think proper to persecuting spirit which they have applaud the judgment and prudence
of our prince, in preventing any legisla- | ncxation to the Uni’ed States, was the declared tive interference with regard to the new object of the American Government. If, in consemillenial doctrine of our prophetess, quence of a different course of events on the contiand shall proceed to give my reasons nent of Europe, his Majesty's Government bad for so doing.
been unable to reinforce the Mrilish armies in Cana Our Prince (acting for his father, da, and the United States had obtained a decided is the sovereign head of the church, superiority in tinut quarter, is there any person or state religion of this country, and who doubts that they would have availed them“ Defender of the Faith. This selves of their situation to obtain on the side of Cafaith is a branch of a system called nada important cessions of territory, if not the enchristian, from the name of its founder, uire abandonment of that country by Great Britain? and first instituted, as the almanacks is the American Government to be allowed to pertell us, about 1815 years ago.
WOTE FROM THE BRITISH TO THE AMERICAN
sue, su lur as its means will enable it, a system of ac(To be continued.)
quisition and aggranilisement tutle point of annexing
emire provinces to their dominions, and his Majesty AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.
to be precluded from availiny l.inselt of his means, so far as they will enable him, to relain those paints
wbicia the valor of British arms may have placed in Continued from page 192.
bis power, because they happen to be sinted within the territories allotted under forner treaties
to the Government of the United States ? Such'a Guext, Sept. 4, 1814. pripciple of negociation was never avowed at airy “ The undersigned have the honour to acknow-period antecedent 10 that of the Revolutionary lerine the receipt of the Nore of the American Government of France. If the policy of the Plenipotentiaries, dated the 24th ultimo.---It is United States liad been essentially pacific, as the with unteigned regret that the undersigned ob- | American Plenipotentiaries assert it ought to be, serve both in the tone and substance of the whole (rum their political iustitutions, from the habits of Note, so little prout of any disposition on the their citizens, and from their plıysical siruation, it part of the Government of the Vuited States tu might not have been necessary to propose the preenter into an amicable disenssion of the several cautionary provisivas now under discussion. That, points submitted by the undersigned in their of lule years at least, the American Government foner communication. The undersigued are per- | bave been influenced by a very different policy: tecily aware, iliat in bringing forward those points by a spirit of aggrandisement not necessary for consideration, and sturing with so much frank. Ows, security, but increasing with the extent of riess, as they did, the views, with which they their empire, bas been ivo clearly manifested by were proposed, they departed from the usual their progressive occupation of Indian territories course of negociating, by disclusing all the ob- by the acquisition of Luuisiana ; by the jects of their Government, while those which the recent attempt 10 wrest by force of amms from a American Government bad in view were withheld; nution in anity, the two Floridas; and lustly, by the bat in so doing they were principally uctuated avowed intention of permanently annexing the Ca. by a sincere desire of biinging the negociation nadas to the United States. It then security of the as soon as possible tu a favourable termination, British North American dominions requires aný saand in some measure by their willingness to coin crifices on the part of the United States, they must ply with the wishes expressed by the American be ascribed to the declared policy of lat GorernPlenipotentiaries themselves. It is perfectly true ment in making the war not one of self defence, that the war between his Majesty and the United nor for the redress of grievances, real or pretended, Stales was declared by the latter power upon the but a part of a system of conquest and aggrardisepretence of maritime sigbus alledged to be asserted by ment. The British Government, in its present situaCreat Britain, and disputed by the United States. tion, is bound in duty to endeavour to secure its I the war thus declared by the United States hud North American dominions agaiust those attempts becn carried on by them for objects purely of a at conquest, which ibe American Government have maritime nature, or if the attack which had been avowed to be a principle of their policy, and made on Canada bad been for the purpose of diver- which, as such, will undoubtedly be renewed, sion, or in the way of defence against the British whenever any succeeding war between the two forces in that quarter, any question as to the boun- countries shall afford a prospect of renewing them daries of Canada miglit have been considered as un- | with success. The British Plenipotentiaries pronecessary ; but it is notorious to the whole world pused that the military possession of the Lakes, that the wequest of Canada, and its periuanent an- from Like Ontario to Lake Superior, should be
secured to Great Britain, because the command of Quebec becomes interrupted, was not in contemthose Lakes would atřord to the American Govern- plasion of the British Plenipotentiaries who conment the means of commencing a war in the learicluced the treaty of 1783, and that the greater of Canada, and because the command of them, on part of ile territory in question is actually anocthe part of Great Britain, has been shown by ex-cupied. The undersigned are persuaded that an perience, to be attended with no insecurity to the arrangement en this point miglit be easily made, United States. When the relative strength of if entered into with ihe spirit of conciliation, withithe two Powers in North America is considered, it out any prejudice to ile interests of the district in should be recollected that the British dominions in question. As llie necessity for fixing some bounthat quarter do not contain a population of 500,000 | dary for the north western frontier has been mile persons, whereas the territory of the United States wally acknowledged, a proposal for a discussion on contains a population of more than seven millions ; that subject cannot be considered as a demand for that the naved resources of the United States are at a cession of furritory, unless the United States are hand for attack, and that the naval resources of prepared to assert that there is no limit to tlicir Great Britain are on the other side of the Atlantic. Territories in this direction ; and that, availing The military possession of those Lakes is not, there thenisclses of the geographical error upon whicla fore, necessary for the protection of the United that part of the treaty of 1783 was founded, they States. The proposal for allowing the territories on will acknowledge no boundary whatever; then the southern banks of the Lakes above mentioned unquestionably any proposition, to fix che, be it to remain in the possession of the Government of what it may', must be considered as demanding a the United States, provided no forti Scations should large cession of territory from the United States. be ciected on the shores, and no armament per- Is the American Government prepared to assert mitted on the waters, has been made, for the pur-sucli an unlimited right so contrary to the evident pose of manifesting, that security and not acquisi- intention of the treaty itself? Or, is lois Majesty's tion of territory is the object of the Britisli Go-Governnient to understand, that the American vernment, and that they have no desire to throw Pieni potenziarics are willing to acknowledge the obstacles in the way of any commerce which the boundary from the Lake of the Woods to tlie people of the United States may be desirous oth Mississippi (the arrangement by a convention in carrying on upon the Lakes in tinie of peace. The 1803, but not ratilied) as that by which their Goundersigned, with the anxious wish to rectify all
vernmeu! is ready to abide. The Britislı Plenipomisunderstanding, have thus more fully explained tentiaries are instructed to accept favourably sucla the grounds upon which they brought forward the
a proposition, or to discuss any other line of bounpiropositions contained in their former Nute res darg which may be submitted for consideration. It pealing the boundaries of the British doniinions in is with equal astonishm:nt the undersigned find North America. They do not wish to insist upon
that the American Plenipotentiaries have not only them beyond what the circumstances may fairly declined signing any provisional article, by which . sequire. They are ready, anicably to discuss the
the Indian Nations whiu have taken par: with details of ihein with a view to the adoption of any
Great Britain in the present contest may be in. modifications which the American Plenipotentiaries cluded in the peace, and may have a boundary or their Government, may have to suggest if they assigned to them, but have also thought proper are not incompatible with the object itself. With
to express surprise at any proposition on the subrespect to the boundary of the district of Maine, ject having been advanced. The American Pleniand that of the North Western frontier of the potentiaries state, that their Government could not United States, the under igned were not prepared
have expected such a discussion, and appear to anticipate the objections contained in the Note resolved, at once, to reject any proposition on this of the American Plenipotentiaries; they were in- head; representing it as a demnand contrary to the structed to treat for the revision of their boundary acknowledged principles of public law, tantamount lines, with the statement which they have subse to a cession of one third of the territorial dominious quently made, that they had no authority to cede of the United States, and required to be admitted any part, however insignificant, of the territories of
without discussion. The proposition which is the United States, although the proposal left it thus represented is, that the Indian Nations, which open to them to demand an equivalent for such
hare been during the war in -alliance with Great cession either in frontier or otherwise. The Ame. Britain, should at its termination be included in rican Plenipotentiaries must be aware that the be pacification ; and, with a view to their perboundary of the district of Maine has never been
manent tranquillity and security, that the British Lorrectly ascertained.; that the one asserted at
Government is willing to take as a basis of an ar. „present by the American Government, by which licle on the subject of a boundary for those nations, the direct compunication between Halifax and the stipulutions which the American Government contracted in 1795, subject, however, to modi. boundary line between the lands of the United fications. After the declaration, publicly made States and those of the Indian Nations, is therein to those Indian Nations, by the Governor-Generul expressly defined. The general character of the of Canada, that Great Britain would not desert treaty, is that of a treaty with independeut nations ; them, could the American Governmeat really and tie very stipulation which the American Pleni. persuade itself that no proposition relating to those potentiaries refer 10, that the Indian nations should Nativas would be advanced ; and did Lord Castle sell their lands only to ihe United States, tends to jeagh's Note of the 4th November, 1813, jruply so prove that, but for that stipulation, the Indians liud great a sacrifice of honour, or exclude from discus- a general riglit to dispose of them. The American sioa every subject, excepting what immediately re. Government, has now for the first time, in effect lated to the maritime questions referred to in it? declared that all Indian Nations within its line or When the undersigned assured the Americun Ple- demarcation are iis subjects, living there upon sufsipotcntiaries of the anxious wish of the British Terance, on lands, which it also clairus the exclusive Governinent that the negociation might terminale right of acquiring, thereby bienacing the final in a peace lionourable iv isoch parties, it could not extinction of those nations. Against such a system, have b en imagined that the American Plenipoten- the undersigned anst formally prostest. The ontiaries would theuce conclude that liis Majesty's dersigned repeal, that the terms on which the proGovernment was prepared 10 abandun the Indian position las been made for assigning to the Indian Nations to their tate, nor could it have been fore Nations some boundary, munitest no unwillingness seen that the American Government would have to discuss any other proposition directed to the considered it as derogatory to its honour to armit samo object, or even a modification of iliat wlich a proposition by which the tranquillity of those is offered. Great Britain is ready to enter into Nations might be secured. The British Plenipo- the same engagements with respect to the Indiang tentiaries have yet to learn, that it is contrary to living within her line of demarcation, as that the acknowledged principles of public law tuin which is proposed to the United States. Il cam, clude Allies in a negotiation for peuce, or what it is therefore, only be from a complete juisappreiiencontrary to the prac:ice of all civilized nations to sion of the proposition that it can be represented propose that a provision should be wade for their as being not reciprocal. Neither can it, with any future security. The Treaty of Grenville established truth; be represented as contrary to the acknowthe boundaries between the United States and the ledgert principles of public law, as derogatory to Indian Nations. The American Plenipotentiaries the honour, or inconsistent with ilie righis of clio must be aware, that ihe war which has since broken American Government, nor as a demand required ou: has abrogated that treaty. Is it contrary to the to be adınitied witbuut discussion. After this full established principles of public li w for the British exposition of the sentiments of his Majesty's Gon Government to, propose, on behalf of its Allies, vernment on the points above staied, it will be for that this treaty sball, on the pacification, be con- the American Plenipotentiuries to determine, whesiderer sti ject to such nudilical ons as the case ther they are ready now to continue the negociamay render necessary? Or, is ji ureasonable iu timnas ; whether they are dispused 10 refer to their horopose, that this stipulation should be amended, Government for further instruciions; 07 lasıly, and that on that foundation sone arrangement whetter they will take upon themselves the responshuuld be made which wouid provide for the exist- sibility of breaking off the negociation altogether. ence of a Neutral Power between Great Britain Ilie undersigned request the American Pienipoand the United States, calculated to secure to both tentiaries to accept the assurances of their high a longer continuance of the blessings of peace?
consideration. (Signed) GAMBLER, HENRY “So far was that specific proposition respecting Goul.BURN, William ADAM." the Indian boundaries from being insisted upon in the note, or in the conference which preceded it, as one iu be admitted without discussion, that it Ghent Sept. 9, 1814. The undersigned have would have been difficult to use terms of greater had the honour to receive the note of his Britannic Jatilude, or which appeared mure udupied, not only | Majesty's Plenipotentiaries, dated the 4th instant. not to preclude but to invite discussion. If the It, in the lone or substance of the former note of the bases proposed could convey away oue third of the undersigned, the British Conumissioners have perterritory of the United Stales, the American Go-ceived little proof of any disposition' om the part of temment itself must haave conveyed it away by the the American Government, for a discassion of some of Grenville Treaty of 1795. It is impossible to read the propositions advanced in the first note, which that treaty without remarking how inconsistent the undersigned had the honour of receiving from the present pretensions of the Amesi an Guvern. them, they will ascribe it to the nature of the prou nment are, with its preamble and provisions. The positions themselves, to their apparent incompas.
THE AMERICAN TO THE BRITISH COMMISSIONERS.
ribility with the assurances in Lord Castiereagle's the United States, been the declared object of their jetter to the American Secretary of State, proposing Goreriment. From the commencement of the war this negociation, and with the solenn assurances of to the present time, the American Governmeut the British Plenipotentiaries themselves, to the lias been always willing tu mahe peace, without undersigned at their first conferences with them. obtaining any cession of territory, and on the sole The modersigned, in reference to an observation of condition that the maritime questions might be sathe British Plenipotentiaries, must be allowed 10 risfactorily arranged. Such was their disposition say, that the objects which the Government of the in the month of July, 1812, when they instrncted United State's had in view, liave not been withheld. Alr. Russell 10 make the proposal of an armistice; The subjects considered is suitable for discussion in the month of October of the sanie year, when were fairly brought forward in conferences of the
Mr. Monroe answered Admiral Warren's proposals 91h ult. and the terms on which the United States 10 the same effect; in April, 1813, when instrucwere willing to conclude the peace, were traukly tions were given to three of the undersigned, then and expressly declared in the Nore of the under appointed to treat of peace, under the mediation of signed, dated the 4th ultimno. It had been confia Russia ; and in January, 1814, when the instrucdenly hoped that the nature of those ternis, su
tions under which the undersigned are now a ting, evidently framed in a sincere spirit of conciliion,
were prepared. would have induced Great Britain 10 adope thein
The proposition of the British Plenipotentiaries as the basis of a treaty: and it is with deep regret is, that in order 10 secure ilie frontiers of Canada thout the undersiyned, if they have riglatly under against attach, ihe United States should leave their stood the nieaning of the last Nole of the British
own witliput riefence : and it seems to be forPlenipotentiaries, perceive that they still insist on gollen, i hat it their superior population, and thic the exclusive military possession of the Lakes, and proximity of their resources give them any advanon a permanent boundary and independent territory tage in that quarter, it is balanced by thic great dilfor the Indians residing within the dominions of thic ! ference between the military establishments of the United Sta!es. The first denrand is grounded on the tivo nations. No sudden invasion of Canada by supposition, that the American Government lins the United States could be made, without leaving sanifested, by its proceedings towards Spani, by the
on their Allantic shores, and on the occan exposed acquisition of Louisiana, by purchase of Indian
to the great superiority of the British force, a mass lands, and by an avowed intention of pernapenily of American property far more valuable than Caannexing the Canadas to the United States, a spirit nada. In her relative superior force to that of of aggrandisement and conquest, which justifies the the United States in every other quarter, Great demands of extraordinary sacrifices from them, to
Britain may find a pledge much more efficacious provide for the security of the British Possessions for tire safety of a single vulne able point, thun in America. In the observations which the under in stipulations ruinous to the interesis and degradsigned felt it their duty to make on the new de ing to the lionour of America. The best security mands of the British Governoent, they confined for the possi-ssions of both countries will, however, their animadversions in the naiure of the demands be found in an equal and solid peace; in a mutual themselves; they did not seek for illustrations of respect for the rights of each other, and in the culti
the policy of Great Britain in ber conduct, in various vation of a friendly understanding between them. -quarters of the globe, towards other nations, for she If there be any source of jealousy in relation to was not accountable to the United States. Yet the Canada itself, it will be found to exist solely in todersigned will say, that their Government has the undue interference of traders and agents, which ever been ready 10 arrange in the most an.icable may be easily removed by proper restraints. Tlic manner with Spain, the questions respecting the only American forts on the Lakes known to have boundaries of Louisiana and Floridas, and that of
been at the cominenceident of the negociation held indemnities acknowledged by Spain due to Anerican by British force are Michillimackinac and Niagarn. citizens. Ilow the peaceable acquisition of Loui. As the United States were, at the same time, in niana, or the purchase of lands within the acknow possession of Amlierstburg and the adjacent counledged territory of the United States, both made 1rs, it is not perceived that the mere occupation by fair and voluntary treaties for satisfactory equi- of those two furts could give any claim to liis Bri. valents, can be ascribed to a spirit of conquest dalla tannic Majesty to large cessions of territory, founded 'gerous to their neighbours, the undersigned are allo- upon ibe sight of Cunquest; and the undersigned gether at a loss to understand. Nor has the conquest of Canada, and its permanent annexation to
(To be continued.)
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