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the continuance of the war taxes, wbich (of 33. 6d. per vindow. This assessment weuld have expired last Christmas, bad would not yet admit of very accurate they not then been renewed till next estimate ; but it was calculated it July. There were some that had since would produce 50,000l. a year.expired, such as those on the Export of The next tax should affect the rates of British Manufactures, and on goods inbabited houses in a scale of aug. carried coastways. These he did not in mentation, forming an increase of thirty tend to renew, and it he did, their per cent. on the present taxes. The rents amount would not liave been consider- of warehouses should be subjected 10 able. Neither did he propose to continue the samle impost. Alle produce of the the duty on cotton wool, if imported in tax upon houses was estimated at British ships. This provision, he thought, 396,5001. aud that on warehouses at
28 but a fair encouragement to our 150,6001. The next would be laid on planters, and no one could contemplate servants and carriages, ard would be a it with any regret. He would not read more considerable and progressive inover the list of taxes; lliey were íamiliar to crease of 80 to 90 per cent. Iiany Genevery one; he would state their totaltleman slicud olject to such an augamount, which for the year finishing in mentation, be begged of him to recollect January 1815, consisted of 9,857,0001. what proportion it bore to the Property From this were to be deducted 2,750,000l. Tax. i he produce of iliis tax on seraud 630,0001. for taxes which had al- vants, excluje of those in tiade, vas rally expired. He should propose to con- calculated at 110,9001. a year. unue eoly out of the rest to the aniount ter weuli tiu piedice su large a sim, ef 6,513,0001.--He siloull now proceed the estimate was abini 148,0001. The to the new taxes which he had ju view. inpost on canines, aia rate of alone He thought he should gratify the curiosiy 5 por cent. Weid produce, it was of the liouse if he did not bring them thought, 300,001. That on the horses forward in the usual order, but come at of picastre, for lie should refrain from ence to the Assessed Taxes, 0.1 wbic taxing those for husbrydry, kould bring the attention of most people seenied to at the rate of 89 per cent. about ke fxed. He should not propose any ac- 032,5001. Ilie new duis on trade horses dition to ile duty on windows in inha- would only be fiqur cent and would bitert houses. Ile knew it was a tax most produce 5.,6681. bat ( degs, at 3) inconvenient to the bidding clusses, per cent would yield 115, 1:01., and that whom it was his most sincere wish to on game certificates, 42,1,001, BacheTelieve as cficctuaily as possible. But he lors had hiderio pand an additional drily viould lay a duty on new objects, to be on scrvants only: they slouli 20w pay ineluded in the deromination of windows an increase of sit per cent. Qutb on Sci
- he meant green-cases, hot-houses, vants and carriages and liurses. The and couserratories, which had bitherto produce cíthis lux was expected to paid ro duties. The assessment would be amouni to 120,0001. and the coral of the made on a supericial m.casure of glas, of new Assessed Taxes to 2,500,0vtl.
ile 40 feet, which should be deemed equal should now priceed to the additions he to a window. The raie would not be pio- intended to niake to the Was Taxes which gessive, but would not exceed 35. 6d. Bere to be retainer.
lie should propose pir window. Thus au extent of glass, an additional duiy en tubacio, on the 10 feet broad by 12 in height, would pay ground that the peace with America loa the whole 31. 7s. Cu. No one, le would necessarily ruder the price of that trusted, would consider such a tax ob- article very low, and enable it to bear a je tionable.--(1}ar, hear! Considering froob duty or nearly 9d. in the younti, il great advantages which traders would at the rate of 211. ilirce-farulhos per flyr vi from the opening of the Europea pound paid to the clisiems, ord ed. 2 PC Pinn d the revival of peace apu cem- pourd said to the excise, skich will mercial relations throughout the world, jointly produce 300,0001. The excise he tonigl.t they might fairly be brough duties on wine should also experience 10 contrate pore ihan they had done ios an increase of 201. per tuli, wcb the public se vee. He should therefert would yield a reverite of 600,6X04. propese, that shops and waschouses annually. Tlie next täs' woliid 10 pould say the same proportionate auty perkaps be unobjectionable. It mig
press hard upon the persons whom it, however, would be a subsequent consi concerned, but it was an object which deration. The total essimated amount had scarcely experienced any increase of the new measures which he has already during the whole of the late protracted proposed, was 3,728,000). war. He meant licences to dealers in For the better information of the Com, excisable articles. A duty of fifty per mittee, he would repeat in a more concent. progressive upon these would nected form the statements which he bad produce 300,0001. It would certainly made, enumerating the various articles, be unequal in its pressure, but by a describing the rate of duty, and the proreference to the 43d of the King, c. 65, bable produce, viz. it would be found that what he proposed was moderate. The whole of the new CustomsTobacco, 21d. per lb. . taxes under the head of the Excise Excise Tobucco, cit. per Ib. 150,000
150,000 would yield to the country 950,0001. a
Licences-Double fixed Rates year. He would now proceed to imposts
50 per cent. progressive 300,000 of a different description. The first
Wine per tun
500,000 would not be very considerable, and
950,000 this was not the first time that it had A$ 8 BSSED TAX ES, viz. been thought of, though it had never yet | Inhabited House Duty, 30 per been entirely adopted. As early as
596,000 1788, įt was proposed that one penny Progressive Servants' Tax, 80 should be paid on every newspaper sent to 90 per cent.
308,500 by post.
This had been carried into Under Gardeners, &c. various 201,500 effect with respect to papers forwarded Trade Serrants and Servants by the Two-penny post, but not by the for hire, various
148,000 General: for it was supposed that any Carriages, about 75 per cent. 368,000 thing that would check the circulation Horses for pleasure, about 80 of papers would have an injurious ten
632,500 dency. But he was certain that no one Trade Horses, about 40 per who indulged in the luxury of reading cent.
85,500 a London Paper, a luxury with which Dogs, about 30 per cent. 105,500 all were well acquainted, would deprive Game Certificates, ditto 42,000 himself of that enjoyment for the sake
New Doties. of saving one penny. He should appre Windows in Warehouses and bend, however, that Members of Parlia
Hot-houses, Ss. 64. per wire ment would contrive to receive their
50,000 Dewspapers free of postage. Here a
Rent of Warehouses, (same as general cry of No, no, arose, and Mr,
“ Tax Whitbread said across the table,
Bachelors--53 per cent. addi. "Members.” As it eappeared to be the
tional on Seryants, Carriages universal sense ofh th House not to avail
120,000 themselves of their prerogatives on this
2,303,000 occasion, he would make no exception Post Office-id. each in their favour in this duty, which was Newspaper
50,000 calculated to produce 50,000l. a year, East India and Foreigo Post. It was not, his intention to propose any
75,000 further vote with respect to the Post
125,000 Office that night; but other measures
3,728,000 were in contemplation, which he should hereafter submit to the judgment of But he had already said, that he should Parliament. These, however, would not propose taxes to ille amount of tive milaffect the inland revenue. They would lions. He would now therefore state to refer to the etsablishment of a regular the Committee what other measures conveynnce of letters to the East Indies, were in contemplation, and the reason for and to an imrovenent in the measures the delay in submitting them to Parliaadopted last session with respect to fo- ment. It was intended to propose a reign and other ship letters, from wbich considerable and proportionate increase he expected that the revenue would de- of the Stamp Duties, (with the exception șive an aygmentation of 75,000l. This, of thoseon law proceedings) from which
it was expected that an additional reve- sum for the purpose of liquidating the nde of 7 or 800,0001. would be derived'; immediate and pressing expences of the but, as the Committee must be well aware, winding up of the war. He now, however, a new Schedule on a suhject so compli-| thought that it would be more beneficial cated, could not be prepared without to allow the Sinking Fund to increase for considerable delay.--Supposing that this four years at compound interest, withnew proposition would be productive out any reserve or deduction whatever; to the amount which he had described, in which it would produce there would remain about 600,000), still 150,000,0001. a s!am that would be to be raised; and he trusted, that in re- capable of redeeming the whole funded viewing the existing system of bounties debt (if it were thought advisable wholly and drawbacks, Parliament might tind to redeem it) in 45 years; which would the means of obtaining this sum. In the be within the limits prescribed by article of printed cottons for instance, Mr. Pitt's act. It was peculiarly desirathe bounties were rendered unnecessary ble, so recently after the cessation of by the prosperity of the manufacture. hostilities, to avoid trenching on so The bounties demanded, were in some important a resource, and one which cáses só extensive, that although he was could be converted into the ineans of reluctant to suspect the existence of enabling us to ineet an unforeseen and fraud, there was reason for circumspec- sudden contingency. The ferment into tion and enquiry. (The Right Honoura- which Europe had been thrown was ble Gentleman made some turiber obser- scarcely calmed; the military ardeur vations on this subject, and on the draw- which had been so prevalent was scarcely backs on sugar, &c. but in a tone of voice abated. In this point of view the lapse so low as to prevent us from accurately of a little time inight be of the greatest collecting his meaning.) He came now importance. Every lcar, every inouth, to say a few words on an article of very rendered sironger thic probability of a extensive consumption in this country-- continuance of peace. At the expira. he meant beer. A few years ago a great lion of four years;-having prudently reincrease took place in the price of beer. served to ourselves during that period The publié were convinced that the pre- the power of answering any unexpected sent price was grealer than it ought to but iuperious demand- L-le should then, be; and Diut is it were continued, the in greater security, have an opportunity to country had a fair title to participate in consider of the best mode of availing the advantages wlich must consequently ourselves of all the resources which we
He was very unwilling, how- possessed for lightening the burthens ever, to appear to increase the charge of the country, The committee and the. sit an article of so great necessity; and country must be well aware, that the he would much rallier, by the lint best security for peace was io shew that which he had thrown out, be the means we were perfectly prepared for war. By of diminishing the existing price. e a coatinitance of the Property Tax, and was aware that in cases of this nature it by an abstinence from the Sinking Fund, fräs a delicate malier for Government we should every year strengtlien our to intertere between the prouincer and brands; and as on the one hand he trustent the consumer; but having been a party we should exhibit a moderation equal to in the former increase of price, and lia our power, so on the other we should ving uo dificulty in saying that in bis lay a foundation for the aiiainment of a opinion the present price was exorbitant, force that was liest calenated to preserve be did not wish to be considered respon us in undisturbed tranquillity. That sible for ii.--Ile mas now about to sub- very night would deliver the country mji to the Conmittee his snggestion's with from an annual ta ration
of nine respect to the provision for the charges millions; and not only would the of the Loon,' sed of the unfanded debt relief le directiv allsantageous to those Adverting to the sum is the bands of by now it sonik be felt, but in the the Commissioners for the reduction expenditure of Ure money thirs saved by the National Debt, he obseriexi tfiat lie the people, a large portion of it would Dan on a former occasion stated that it circuitously, but vel certainly, find ite might be arivisable on the restoration wav lillo the public Treasury, and thus of peace, to reserve a portion of that contribute to the strength of the Staie
The gradual but steady inerease of the Tar, which Nir. PORTAĻI, at the Hamprevenue was also a subject of gravity ing shire Meeting, calle:t a highwayman's-sur, contemplation. On the 5th April, but which Mr. VANSITTÄKT said, it had 1814, the toial amount of the revenue cuabled us 10 elfuct the deliverance of for the year, (exclusive of tlie Property | Lurope. What would this delivera oce Táx) was 48,436,0001. In the preceding appear to be, if Mr. Portall's definition year the revenue (with the same exclusi- were taken into account? It is very true, on) did not amount to 337,000,000l. ? so however, that the Pope has been dethat in that year there was an increase livered, that the Jesuits have been deof about 1,800'000l. At Christinas livered, that the Dominicans have been last the revenue for the
(ex deliverei (except in France), that the clusive of the Property Tax) was 51,- Body: 1orquisition has been delivered, ihat 211,0001. being an increase of near Genna has been delivered up, that italy 3,000,000). This progress of the public has shared the same tite, that Saxony and revenue woulil teud materially to re- Poland and Belgium are all likely io mie lieve the public burtdiens; and here he dergo the same kind of deliveriut. The could not refrain fruia congra!ulating Isourbons, two have been delivered ; but the comunittee and the country on having the people of France do not seem to have achived the great object of the arduous been delivered of their means of surpassing struggle in which they bad been engaged, us in agricultural produce, nor of their with the resources of the country in a meaus of carrying on manufactories state of such strength and bope. lle upon an extensive scale. They are not well recollected that at the first dinner Set delivered of the Code Napi!ecu, nor which Mr. Pitt gave alter the commence-fürtheir suderings from the want of tythes, ment of the contest, Mr. Burke filled a monks, gabclles, corvées, and fundal glass of wine and drank “Cuccess to this tenures and vassalage, It is, however, long war!” The Company in general very good to hear, that the succesies of were not prepared for this expression, the war are to be attributed to our ta209, "! long," conceiving that the war would though it may not be so palatable to the soon be terminated; and sunie of them hero's who have been personally engaged having expressed their surprise, Mr. in that war. It may vex them to hear it Burie continued -" I say this long and asserted, that we ove our victories to ille sanguinary war; for such it must be, purse; and the assersion dues indeed, Durate, et rosiet rebus servate secundis. seem to justify the plaintive allusion, in Let'durate,' be your motto,” The per the Hampshire l'etition, to the nero severance which that great inan recom- | knights of the Beth; for, really, if our mended had been undeviating adopted; warlike successes be to be attributed to and never had the efforts of any state our parse, is seems but just, that those been crowned with more complete tri- who tilled
should share umph. The Right llon. Gentleman con
in the honours which are the reward of sluded by moving his firsi Resolution. those victories. The Order of Taxation,
seems, therefore, to be fully justified ou There was nothing in the debate worthy the assertion of these gentlemen, and why of the smallest notice. No one objected should we not have it?–Of the fact, to the proposed taxes, as being the means lowever, I have not the least doubt. I of supporting a standing army in time of have always been of opinion, that peace; po one found fault of the intention the taxes of England won the victo keep up, in time of peace, all the war Lories; and, indeed, have the taxes except the property-tax; no one, French always said. They, to do theni i short, nor any single word, at all in- jus:ice, acknowledged, from the comteresting to any man, who bas a regard mencement of the war with us, that it was for the principles of our ancient laws and our money that beat them. They used to governmení. --There was nothing but ca- call it “ l' or de Pitt,” Pitts gold; and iil; nothing at all, that came to any in- our present doctrine seenis fully to tally teresting point. Therefore, I shall only with that assertion. Yes, it certainly was have to remark on the Budget-speech it the Euglish taxes thut overthrew Napobeit.---The Chancellor of the Exchequer leon, and that restored Ferdinand the began by an eulogium on tie Property- I beloved, and the Pope. Talk of the Cox
sacks indeed! They, to be sure, carried
the lances, and the javelins; but what The War Taxes must all be continued, urged them? The taxes of England.
The freeholders must go unpaid, Let this always be clearly understood. It was the English money that did the The army must be disbanded, and the thing in Europe, and that would have navy reduced to the state of 1786, done the thing in America, if the Hert
There must be new taxes equal in ford Knights could have had their wish,
amount to the war taxes, In that hemisphere, however, it certainly has not been so potent, though, as we There must be loans in time of peace. are told, the taxes of last year were greater than ever. In spite of all our A middle course has been pursued, paying, we liave certainly been defeated Part of the war taxes are to be continued, jo our attempts on the other side of the and we are to have loans in time of Atlantic. To the exceeding mortifica- peace, a thing quite unprecedented in tion of every one who really feels for the our history.-But, this is, in fact, of naval renown of England, there is now as no consequence at all to the people. much boasting about the capture of one It is the employment of the taxes; the American Frigate by two English Fri- | power they give to those who rule us ; fates as there used to be about our cap- ihe effect they have in debasing the spituring of a whole fleet, by a force of two rit and morals of the people; their terthirds of that of any eneiny, Oh, shamo ! rible effect upon public liberty; this is It is very natural for us to be glad, the only lighi, in which it is worth the that one of those terrible Frigates has while of any rational man to view the been taken and added to our navy; taxes.- -The addition to the assessed bai, to make a boasi of it? This is the taxes will produce very littie, if the
synp: vexatious fact. To boast, that iwo tons I lave seen are to be judged by. of our frigates, followed closely by others Those who kept two horses, will, in one of our ships, have taken one American half of the cases, keep but one. Sera frigate, is past all bearing. One would vants and Dogs will be turned out of think, that the very frame of our minds doors very fast, and chariots and gigs must have undergone a great change.-- will fall in abundance. I do not think, The most material part of the speech is that, upon these articles, any addition that, in which Mr. Vansittart speaks of will be raised. The taxes upon hota being ready for a new war. He does houses will weigh against the tax upon not seem to imagine, that other nations glass; which will also be diminished by will be ready to go to war as well as we; a further closing up of wisdows.—The and he seems to forget, that, if we go to tax upon newspapers will make each war again, there will be no Jacobin cry paper cost in tar fourpence halfpeuny, to urge us on; and that if we attempt our and payment to the news-man, three blockades, and impressments, and orders pence. --But, this will produce little in council, however just, (for I will have ihough it is so heavy on the article; for no dispute about that) we shall have if one paper out of every seven, is laid America with, perhaps, a hundred pub- down in consequence of it, the gain to lic ships of war, of all sizes, against us. the treasury is nothing at all; and there The Chancellor seems to have forgotten will be a corresponding falling off in the this fact; yet, a fact it is, and a very paper tax. Out of the sixpence halfimportant one too. This davger, the penny, which the news-man now receives, greatest that England ever knew, we owe the Government has already received, to the American war; a war which I la- in stamp duty, about 4-pence. This boured so hard to prevent, and which I was pretty well; but, in fact, it is no said would create an American navy. It matter.- -Mr. VANSITTART hinted bas done that deed, and has thereby ren- at the dearness of BEER. Will he say, dered it necessary for us to keep a much that the Government does not now relarger naval force in constant readiness ; ceive 3d, three-farthings out of the Cd, and, of course has entailed upon us an for which a pot of beer is sold ? My enormous expence.- -We
are, it seems, ale is not loaded with beer duty, and yet, to have loans in time of peace. I said in every quart of it that I drink, I drink We should. My propositions were these: about two peace halfpenny in tax, le i