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The ear.

summer time I swallowone penny-farthing

CHEAP CORN. in tax at almost erery draft, exclusive of the taxes which reach the barley, through MR. COBBETT.--Pardon an intruder, the land, the assessed taxes, the lea-more especially one who sets his face ther, the salt, the soap, the candles, against all that has been said or written &c. &c. of the farmer. If I belonged on this subject. It appears to him, to the Company of Brewers, I would according to the old and vulgar proverb, publish an answer to this hint," and that you have all got the wrong sow by would shew " the labouring classes, "

Each writer and speaker seems in whose belalf the gentleman testified to vie with his neighbour which shall best so much consideration, how large a part elude the true statement of the case. of the price of their beer consisted in The one affirms, that by keeping the taxes. This would be paying him in bread dear, the poor will be better fed. his own coin. And I would shew, too, Another says, that agriculture wants enthat those who are able to brew their couragement, at the expense of the maown beer, pay no beer tax, and only a tax nufacturer and the poor labourer. Some on the malt, which latter is sufficiently have asserted that the arable part of ihe heavy, and is, in great part, a war ta.r country is small compared to the popufoo; but is now to be continued, it seems lation. Others state, that the newly enin time of peace. However, it must be closed lands had been very expensive to confessed, ihat the rabble, who were like those who have obtained them. Honest to squeeze

and stink to death “ Alexan- folks! They then have robbed the poor “der the Deliverer," and "Old Blucher," of their pairimony, without profit to ought not to grudge lo swallow taxes themselves ; nay with a certain loss. But in their beer, since it was these taxes, there has bee!, as vet, only one of them which, as we are now told, procured honest enough to hint at the real cause them the pleasure of seeing and embracing of the evil. He is made to say, that he those worthy personages. If you could himself was in possession of an estate take this class of persons, one by one, which formerly rented at six hundred a and clearly explain to them wlither goes year. A short time since the lease exthe Cd. which they pay for a pet of beer, pired, and it was let at double the a. what a surprising turn it would give to incunt. Here then, Mr. Cobbett, is the their minds! Or, if there was an Excise- mystery explained. These gentlemen have man in each public house, to receive cach more than doubled their income by fron erery purchaser of a pot of beer, rack-renting their tenants, who now look the government part of the price, that to their landlord for support, and the would make the matter delightfully clear. decision is left to those very men, who Ther, and not till then, should we bear by their rapacity gave birth to the comthese people talking about the taxes in a plaint, that the farmer cannot afford to rational way.--But, as government are grow cleap.corn.

No more

can tley, much too wise to adopt this mode of col- as they now live.--Another, trifting lection, we must expect to see such cause, entirely overlooked, or carefully "hints" as that of Mr.Vansittart received concealed, is the consolidation of a numwith great gratitude. How bie niust have ber of small farms into one large oneleugled to himself wlien he conceived | extremely convenient, to be sure, for the the notion of throwing out such a hint! landholder, and very profitable to the Of stepping in between the makers and rich farmer-The one receives his rent drinkers of beer! What a sight to see! A with less trouble from an individual in bation so besoited as receive this as an ailluence, than from a number of poor act of favour at the hands of the govern- tenants who may depend for their profits ment; and the impudent hirelings of the solely on their industry, and not, like the press have the profligacy to say, that the rich tonant, on the success of speculation. public are indevted to ihe minister for --To be convinced of the truth of this, braving lovered the price of this neces- let the reader travel the kingdom round. sary of life! I do believe, that it is impos he will soon learn, that the little farms able to produce a similar instance of na- are consolidated into one great farm, and Lonal delusione

that the little farmers have, in consequence, either left the country, or now work (perhaps on what was once their Lower your

own farins) as day labourers. Let him make them yourselves. next step into one of these large farm rents. Divide

your large farms into houses; be will no longer see the farmer's small ones. Encourage the little farmer's daughters, Maciye or Dolly, feeding the industry. Pay the major part of the pigs, fetching in the corys, miiking them, taxes yourselves, as you alone have beneor churning or making cheese, while the fitted by their imposition. Let the pubold mother and grandmother are teaching !ic eat cheap breail. Retrench all your the younger brauches to knit coarse yarn own unnecessary expenses, and throw stockings for feather, and brothers, and the savings into the public purse. sisters -No, no: he will find the young

ARISTIDES. laries in a back parlour, playing upon the forte piano, drawing or embroidering,

Mr COBBETT.--As I am a Farmer, perhaps making themselves up new caps I wish to ss, bouw euch I approve of Ozoiresses to appear in at the next county vour remarki innie Corn Bill. No. bail. The old mare with a pillion is also thing can be more correct than your discarded for a gig, chaise, or curricle; views of this subject. It is not the and the young gentleman, the farmer's farmer who wants a Corn Law, but the

, of Stalci spil with hobnails, with a smock raise taxes, which are to support a

Government, that it may be able to frveis, ani carter's whip on his shoulder, standing army, and a system of bribery now sports his military-cut-upper-coat of

and corruption. But as we do not want superfiuc, lived with silk, his Wellington

a standing army in time of peace with boots, his jemn.y rattan, and his bit of blood all the world, and as we do not want -The ox cheek and leg of beef, and suet a system of corruption, at any time, dumplin of ancient times, have given so taxes ought not to be raised for these way to Modern Delicacies; and if one unconstitutional purposes. It is against of the Misses happens to be remarkably the taxes then that the farmers should notable, it is possible she may, superin- meet to petition, and at the same time tend the Pastry, the Jellies, the Blanc- should connect with their petitions a mange, dr. &c. How can such Fariners reform in the representation, the want of afford to grow cheap Corn ?

which, has been, and still is the cause of But the Taxes-true; but Gentlemen all our grievances civil and religious. I do Landholders, how came these taxes ?

pot wish to repeat what you have already You Gentlemen Landholders, have the said so often and so well upon this subexclusive privilege of sitting in Parlia

ject. You have shewa that we can do meut: You have consented to these

with less taxes, and without loans, Taxes.--Did you represent the Land

and without Corn Bills. And I beor the inhabi:ënis? if it was the inha- lieve it to be the real interest of every bitants, have you done them justice ? farmer, to oppose instead of supporting What advantage, what compensation, a Corn Bill.

Your's, &c. have they received, or are they to receive

G. G. FORDHAN. from these taxes ?--Speak out:---have

Feb. 20. 1815. these taxes of your own imposing, have they not been to your own profit?--Pay P. S. In your last Register you obther then yourselves, after consolidating serve, that if any adlition is made to all the land of the country in your own your assessed taxes, you shall only keep hands -all the wealth in your own pock- one good horse and five or six dogs, ets.-Is it not a nefarious attempt to as being necessaries of life. I cannot make the poor, those who have not one comprehend how the six dogs are necesfoot of land-those who live by labour cessaries of life, uoless


intend to and industry,tliose whom one week's sick- put them to plough to save the horse tax. ness sends to the work-house, those who toil all day that you may game and revel

LEGION OF HONOUR. all night, those who are the bulk of the nation, and, we may add, the least vicious SIR,-I am a good deal astonished at ot any--Starile not, Gentlemen :-it is the extraordinary defence of the New truth that guides my pen-Is it not a ne- Legion of Honour, which your corres- . farious attempt to make such men eat pondent, P. C. has thought proper to dear bread? If sacrifices are to be made, make in your last number. He considers


that body as having been most cruelly pounds a year? But so it is, I fear; and attacked, by the name of Major General the poor Major General will of course, Digby Hamilton having been added to be obliged to put down his carriages, and the list of its most respectable members. to lose his coachmen and footnou and P. C. states this not to be the case, but their pretty pink liveries, who, of course, he himself confesses that the Mayor Ge- if the “ Royal Waggon Train" is disneral did apply for admission; there- banded as is expected, these servants, fore, at least, there was certainly some being Royal li aggoners,” will be disfoundation for the report. P. C. very sa charged from the public service; and if tirically compares the Major General's kept in the Major General's service, must claims to those of the Under City Mar- be so at bis own expense. You reformers shall, Mr. Nalder, on the ground of “ are sad men, Mr. Cobbett? What a deal rices." Now, Sir, I bey leave to be dis- of mischief you are about to entail upon tinctly understood, that there are various this valuable oflicer, by your mcauness in sorts of " services,” for which this “ deco- thinking of a few bundreds of thousands " ration," is bestowed:---there are military of pounds? I know, in your way, paltry services, diplomatic serrices, pen and ink you will be calculating how many famiservices, Horse Guards strvices, back door | lies might be supported by the pay and alservices, negotiation services, procuration lowances, seen ard unseeni,allowed and not services, cum multiis aliis, too pumerous allowed, permited and not permitteil, but to mention; so that the worthy Major possessed by the Major General; and will General may have very eminently distin- ask, in your impertinent manner, what he guished himself “ in his way," and may does, or has done, to deserve such aurple bave as good a title to the decoration" reward, while so many very meritorious as the Duke of Wellington himself. The officers without arms or leys, &c. &c. &c. Drum Boy, is, in his line, a great warrior; are sent to cultivate their licalth in wholeand I have no doubt, that the Major some retirement, in Wales and the LigirGeneral could unfold as brilliant a list of lands of Scotland, where alonc ll:eir little achievements in his escutcheon, as any pittance can provide them with potatoes one of the Knights Grand Crosses of and shall beer. But, Sir, your correthe Order. Every man in his vocation: spondent, P. C. who dates his letter from The Major General has not been a war the liorse Guards, and of wliose identity man; he has laboured peaceably at home, I can give a shrewd guess, can, it he and has done wonders! For, as your pleases, unfold the whole story, and shew correspondent observes, he contrives to you that the “ Majer Göncralhas continue" on permanent pay," with tem- claims, arhich cannot be disputed. If I “poraryrank. I am sorry, however, am wrong, I call upon him to put me Sir, to be obliged to inform you, that I right; and I am sure your cardvur and have heard, from unquestionable autho- love of truth is too great not to give ille rity, that it is the intention of one of sertion to whatever explanation lie mav those most awful" Jacobins," Mr. Whit- think fit to make. That he will do which bread, Mr. Ponsonby, Sir Francis Bur- forthwith is the earnest wish of your sizdett, or some other of the “vile crew'," to cere and servent admirer, object to the continuance of the tempora

Parlo Civis, ry rauk Major General's permanent Corps. How cruel this will be! Poor

ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION. man! to deprive him of the sweet little country box at Croydon Barracks, and of

LETTER VII. the little comforts of coals, candles, bay, " Remember that the disorders of the Soul are no straw, and corn; to say nothing of his

to be cured by force and violence." nice garden, and farm yard, and of the

Cardinal de Camus.--Pastoral Instructions. 1638. convenience of bringing up all these comfortsto Cleveland Row, in a co

Continued from page 217. vered waggon, drawn by four horses ! Our Prince (acting for his father) Surely Mr. Whitbread could not be so is the sovereiyn head of the church, cruel as to begrudge the “Major Generalor state religion of this couniry, and these trifting enjoyments, particularly “ Defender of the Faith. This when they do not cost the country more faith is a branch of a system called than two or three hundred thousand christian, from the name of its : wunder, and first instituted, as tlie almanacks ( flourished in the early ages of the Gospel iell us, about 1810 years ago.

dispensation, may, with perfect consisWhatever might have been the opin tency, despize the pretensions of Johanna, jon; of the early professors of this reli- because they reject the miraculous congion, we at the present day, that is, the ception of Mary, the divinity of Jesus, great bulk of Christians in this country, and the sublime mystery of the Trinity; believe, that the great Author of Nature, but we, who stale our salvation upon in order to redeepi bis creatures from a our faith in these things, cannot consists portion of the disgrace entailed upon ently, or without great danger to our holy them, in consequence of their first pa- religion, appear hostile to the opinions rents eating some truit from a forbidrien of this new sect.-If these Millenarians tree, he begot, in a supernatural manner, had denied any part of our sacred wrià son upon the body of a young woman, tings, and proved some characters, which who was betrothed to an old man. That we greatly admire, to be bad oues ; if this immaculate conception was brought they had abused our church, reviled its about by the instrumentality of the Holy ministry, or breathed a spirit of JacoGhost,an incorporeal spiritual personage, binism, we might then have found some sonietimes represented as appearing in pretext for persecuting them with all the the shape of a Dove, and sometimes in fury of religious monsters just let loose various other forms. We believe also from hell; but, on the contrary, they adin a doctrine called the Trinity, said to mit the whole of our Scriptures io be have been established about the third true, and, so far from disrespecting the centuryofChristianity, whichrepresentsthe State Religion, they read the whole of its Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, 10 forms in their Meetings. Now the ditti. partake equally of divinity, and, in fact, culty we laboured under in opposing to be three Gods and ove God at the their system was this, that we admit same time; three in one, and one com- all things to be possible with God, that posing three, and yet not one God but the ways of providence are often dark ihree, and not three separate Gods but and mysterious, and that he does not

It is true, our enemies ridicule this consult either ourselves or our underineffable mystery of our holy religion, but standings in the government of the uniwe implicitly believe it, though so inscru- verse, or the means he shall use to carry table that we cannot comprehend it. It his designs into execution ; all this we must also be recollected, that we believe acknowledge when we give him the attriour Saviour Jesus Christ to have been bute of " Omnipotence.” Is it not palthe promised Messiah mentioned in the pable then, that by doubting the superancient traditions and prophecies of the natural pregnancy of Mrs. Southcott, Jews, who, when he came, was to bring and hastily determjving it to be impossible, about such wonderful things that the we called' in question the power of the earth was to be a sort of paradise. The Almighty ? Was not her case strictly Jews will not agree to this. They say analagous to that of the blessed Virgin that our Messiah was pxecuter without Mary, whom the Catholics always honor having accomplished what was predicted with the appellation of “ Mother of of him; that we misrepresent their scrip- God ?" We own that the Lord has lures, and contrive, by means of forged worked hundreds and thousands of genealogies, and other insidious arts, to Miracles, and are pigmies like us to say graft our systelu on theirs to give it a bet- when he shall cease to work them? If ier foundation ; but we, as Christians, this would have been a greater Miracle consider them mistaken, and give no than the birth of Christ, might it not be credit to aspersions so injurious to our more necessary, at a period like this, boly faith,

when, instead of the ignorant idolatry These being some of the leading points of those days, the earth is over-run with of our religion, and indeed being the an enlightened infidelity, and when, in very foundation stones upon which the fact, the progress-of knowledge has onis superstructure is reared, does it not be- facilitated the march of materialism and hove us to be particularly cautions how scepticism? But where can be the dif we meddle with the mission and the doc- ference to the Almighty 3--Is he not trine of Mrs. Southcott?-Such Chris- as capable of commanding an aged vårtilais i, inany, or most of the sects who gin to bring forth, without connection


with man, as he was a young woman ? How often have I heard persons exe Has the period of 1800 years, diminished claim “I wonder how any one can be so his strength, or is he a man that he credulous as to be lead away by that should have grown imbecile through age? woman.”—In the same manner i have -How often do we call the Jews a set of heard a gaping clown, when staring at hard bearted and blood thirsty villains the lofty fabric of St. Paul, express his for not believing what took place in their astonishment, that human ingenuity could own day, but executing the Son of God plan and erect so stupendous a pile ; but as an impostor. Every impartial person the skilful architect views it wiili far less must acknowledge, that the great bulk amazement, because le knows the prinof the English place themselves just inciples upon which the temple was dea the same situation as the Jews, when sigued, and the means by which that they ridiculed the Prophetess, and would design was carried into execution, and have persecuted her if our Prince had could bimself, perhaps, raise as grand been as weak as Poniius Pilate, and had a structure, if he had the same opportur yielded to their senseless murder brea- nity of displaying his abilities.-Does thing clamour. It would have been much noi this prove, that all our wonder arises more becoming in such insignificant from our ignorance, and that the orly animals as we are, to have waited with reason why we are surprised at the realispatient submission to the Decrees' of ness of the Southcoterians is, that we are Heaven, and not presumptuously attempt nnacquainted with the theory of the huto scan the ways of providence by nan mind in general, and with our own judging and determining before the ap- faculties in particular? If we were capointed time. We called these people pable of divesting ourselves of the presuperstitious, weak, and stupid, för cre-l judices of education, the trammels of diting that which was not more wonder-superstition, and all the shackles whiclt ful than what we firmly believe, though surrounding circumstances ira pose upon it took place near 2000 years since, and us; if we could dissect our brain, ana.. is handed down to us by tradition, thro' lyse our ideas, and make an inventory of the dark ages and a variety of mediums our knowledge, we should find the por which we often take a pleasure in pro- tion of it olained by thirk ny, exalmiit ving to be suspicious. Does not all this ing, and judging for curselves, so sinad open a door to the scoffs and jeers of as hardly to be diecerı ible in the mass Infidels ? Does it not give them a glo- of rubbish that we have received with rious opportunity of making our foolish out investigation, from our cure, our conduct in this respect, a powerful en schoolmaster, and our priesc.--'I he ingine wherewith to strike at the very struction we inbibed from these, was root of our holy religion, by shewing us considered as the dictates of truth and how easily we can see the errors and reason by our infantine capacities. We absurdities of others, and wonder at their grow up in reverence of what we have being so bcsotted, when, if we were ca- learned from parents, elders, and supepable of asking ourselves a few close riors, falsely conceiving it the result of questions, we might perhaps find that our own conviction, and, whether right te were cherishing in our own minds dog- or wrong, becoming more obstinately mas equally repugnant to common sense. bigotted to it the longer we continue it. Our prince is aware, that if the discus. Our self love, prite, and vanity, prompt sion of these topics had been pushed still us to attach a peculiar importance to cur further by the misguided zeal of religious own opinions, and to attribute them to persecution, it would give scope to a our judgment and discrimination, or to thousand such illnatured observatio:s any cause but tharóf chance, or accident, and inferences as those I have just men- which threw us in the way of the educationed; therefore I look up to bim with tion we have received, whether good or veneration, as an experienced Father, bad. To se: our knowledge of, or our whose judgement is not blinded by his oldness for, particular dog inashto their affection for his children, but who has account, instead of our own election, is the resolution to deny such of their re- not sufliciently flattering to human naguests as his superior knowledge, and ture. Is it then to lowouder.d at ihai foresight, convinces him will militate the more ignorint we are, the more on against their happiness.

stinate we shall be in adhering to any

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