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Was Sir W. Drummond to be allowed | unfounded; but he also shewed, what to taiat the public mind with such matter, seems to have touched the author quite 2 without a syllable of answer or animad- nearly, that, under an ostentatious display version ? Was the Bible not to be heard of deep erudition, he is one of the most even in its defence? Was this novel method shallow of men ; that he has used terms of discovering truth to be adopted, that without any knowledge of their meaning, one side of the question only should be has heaped blunder upon blunder, coniheard, and a complete bar put upon the mitted inaccuracy after inaccuracy, and mouths of all opponents, because the book asserted the boldest falsehoods without the which required an answer was unpublished? slightest excuse; and that, during all this Was it to become an allowed and esta- time, he has stolen a great part of liis matblished privilege of wealth, to circulate opi- ter from preceding infidel writers, while nions of every description, no matter how he endeavoured to assume to bimself the noxious to society, in full security from credit of all the learning which he proanimadversion or contradiction, by the sim- duced. Thus Mr. D'Oyly not only deple expedient of writing a book and dis- fcated the opposer of revelation, in his tributing it gratuitously? I guess, no man purpose, but stripped the vain jack-daw of in his senses will maintain so wild a po- his stolen plumes; and shewed that the sition as this. In the case then of Sir W. imposing appearances of deep crudition, Drummond, what was to be done? It is which the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS conveyed, true, that he might bave been prosecuted in were of the most hollow and fallacious dea court of law for blasphemy; for, there scription. I wish neither you nor any one is no doubt, that, in the contemplation of else to take all this on my assertion, but the law, a book gratuitously circulated, is call upon every one to enquire for bimself, no less a publication than one which is by reading the CEDIPUS Judaicus, and sold at the booksellers shops ; and, if this the remarks which have been made upon course had been taken, it is tolerably cer- it. Your correspondent tells you, that tain that this Sicilian Knight, and British three anonymous writers have started up Privy Councillor, would have been raised in defence of the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS, and to more public notoriety than he had ret have shewn the ignorance and malice of attained, by the pillory. But as you. Nir. the person who wrote against it. These Cobbett, I observe, contend very strenu- three anonymous writers, it is pretty well ously again-t any use of legal prosecutions known, are no other than Sir W. D. towards persons who write against the himself in disguise. They have written, Bible, you must be the last person to it is true, a very bulky volume in professed maintain that such a proceeding ought to defence of the EDIPUS JUDAICUS, but have been adopted towards Sir W. Drum- have almost entirely substituted railing mond. Thus, then, unless the free license and scurrilous invective for sound arguwas to be granted to bim, of saying what ments; and instead of defending Sir W. he pleased against the Bible, unnoticed D.’s blunders, have indicted whole reans and unchastised, it was absolutely neces- of personal abuse against his opponent. sary that some literary opponent should An anonymous pamphlet, signed J. R. has enter the lists against bim, and examine since appeared, in which it has been most a little the truth of his assertions, and the fully shewn, that, notwithstanding all soundness of bis pretensions. Accordingly, which is boldly affirmed by these virulent the clergyman, whose name your corres- writers (of whose mode of argument, by pondent mentions, came forward for that the way, your correspondent gives no very purpose, and addressed, in the first place, unfair specimen), Mr. D’Oyly's charges some letters of remonstrance to the author, and proofs against Sir Wm. Drummond on the nature of his attack on revelation, remain good in every essential part. I and followed these up by an enquiry into must repcat, that I wish not any single the truth, accuracy, and learning which he person to believe what I here affirm, solely displayed. I perceive your correspondent to on my assertion ; but as you have thought affirni, that the Dipus JUDAICUs of Sir it right to publish an c.r-parte statement W.Drummond "displays a fund of prodigious from one correspondent, it seems but fair “ erudition !!!" On the contrary, Mr. that yon should give cqual publicity to the D'Oyly not only shewed, in every point, opinion of another respecting this matter. that his attempts to impeach the truth of

Your's, &c.

JUSTUS, the biblical histories were most futile and Dec, 30, 1814.

LETTRES DE CACHET. 1 " Signet, lie in the hands of the Ministers, Sir,-Your recent remarks on the un- as well as in those of the Under Governors handsome and illiberal newspaper abuse of " of Provinces, to be used at their discrethe people of France, and the measures of " tion, frequently to gratily their own their Government, arc fully corroborated" vengeance. Is an Intendant piqued by the manner in which the Morning against any man of quality; or a MinisChronicle, of last week, adverted to the ter against a President of Parliament? proceedings against General Excelmans,“ Such a letter is straight sent to him, and who had been ordered under arrest by the “ he instantly sent from home, sometimes King of France. Of this oflicer the “ into a remote province. Is the GoChronicle observed, that he had a petition-" vernor's Lady,ʻor daughter, disgusted at “ed both Chambers for redress, and has “ another lady in the place, finer and more 6 stated his willingness to surrender liim-“ admired than herself, hei punishment is “ self the moment a trial is promised him, " decreed, and the poor rival sent a wan“ and his reasons for withdrawing himself" dering; a crime is easily forged, and “ momentarily from the oppression which the sufferer has no remedy. The smallest this renewed system of Lettres de Cachct" affront to a Monk in favour (ind Monks, “ had inflicted on him.—Either the “God knows, are soon offended), finds the writer of this article is entirely ignorant of " same compassion; a victim must be of. the nature of Lettres de Cachet, or be “ ferred to his holy rage.” must have been influenced by motives of No one who reads this description of the worst kind, to compare the order given Lettres de Cachet, will be able to discover in this case to that terrible instrument.-- any resemblance to these in the proceedIn the justly celebrated answer to the ings against General Excelmans. He was Bourbon proclamation, published in your not put under arrest to gratify the caprice of REGISTER of the 15th January, I observe any Minister, Deputy Governor, Mistress, some very pertinent remarks on the subject or Vonk. He was, in the first instance, of Lettres de Cachet, extracted from Nir. ordered to remove from Paris, by comArthur Young's Sarvey of France. To mand of the King, for an offence, real or these may be added the following more de- supposed, against the State. Had there tailed account by Gordon, an able writer been any intention to revive the Lettres (le in the cause of ficedon, whose works were Cachet, the General would have been published about the beginning of last cen seized and sent to prison, without any tury :-" The French Government, though remony, instead of giving him an oppor“ a mild one for an arbitrary one, is yet a tunity to remove himself. But did lie “ very terrible one to an Englishman. All obey the order of bis Sovereign ? On the “the advantages in it are not comparable contrary, he remonstrated against it, and “ to one single advantage in ours : I mean persisted in continuing at Paris. Even " the Act of Huibeus Corpus, which se- then, no violence was used, thouglı, if lic

cures, at least respues, from all wanton bad been previously innocent, his disobe“ and oppressive inprisonment. In France,dience might have been converted into " by the word of a Minister, the greatest, a crime, and he dealt with accordingly. “the most innocent, subject, may, front-line order to Icave Paris was dated “caprice, or a whisper, or tlie pique of a the 10th. On the 24th he had not “ mistress, be committed to a dangeon for gone to his place of destination, whicla “ his life, or the best part of it, or as long lead the Minister to put a guard on his “ as the Minister, or his mistress or mi- house. In this stage of the business, and "nion pleases. Sone have been there shut in place of sending him to prison, or even “ up in dismal and solitude for securing liis person, the order was renewed,

years together, though no harm was and twenty-four hours allowed him to re“ meant them; not for any ofence real move himself. Still he continued refrac“ or imaginary, but only through mistake tory. It was, therefore, considered expe6 and likeness of names. Thus a Minister dient to place him under arrest; but no at" bas sometimes committed his favoritos, tempt having been made to convey him “ and useful agents, who lay in misery for 10:1 his house, an opportunity was thus af

Fears, and might have perished in it, had forded the General to make his escape.“ net accident contributed to undeceive Sriel being the weil authenticated nature "kim. Such orders, calle:l Letters of ik of the Lettres de Cachet, and such the true


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state of General Excelman's case, as given “ riff Court. During the whole expoeven in the Morning Chronicle itsell, how “ sure, they were assailed not only with is it possible to acquit the writer in that “ filth' but with stones. The man, who Journal of a base and malicious calumny“ seemed at first to treat his punishment as against the French Government, when he " a joke, was particularly aimed at, and denominates its proceedings “oppression,” “must have received much bodily hurt. and a “ renewed system of Lettres de “ The woman, however, did not wholly Cacket?”—It is not my wish to advocate escape. From the blood on her


she the conduct of the present Rulers of France,“ seemed to have been wounded on the or to attach blame to the individual who head. The stones were thrown chiefly, bas incurred their displeasure. The charge “ if not entirely, by a party of lads stapreferred by the former may be unfounded." tioned near the new building erecting on The latter, of course, must be innocent. “ the site of the old gaol. When the hour But it is not necessary that either of these “ was elapsed, the disgraceful business did points should be established, to shew that not terminate. There were those among the proceedings against the General me " the mob who thought the sport far too rited the harsh terms by which they have “ fine to be given up so soon. been described by the Chronicle. In this was, according to their jargon, put land of liberty, where the Habeas Corpus," through the mill.' He was cuffed and es Gordon says,

secures, at least rescues, kicked, and knocked down and raised up, “ from all wanton and oppressive impri- " at the pleasure of the by-standers. “ sonment,” numbers of persons are neces- “the Candleriggs-street, to which the mob sarily arrested, and even imprisoned, who its moved, he was thrown into a cart, whose afterwards turns out are entirely innocent. “ driver for some time drove him along, We have each known individuals, for rea-“ humouring the amusement; but, finding sons of State, kept in close custody, with that neither bimself nor his horse escaped out any suspension of the Habeas Corpus. the punishment meant for the old man, ho Would we not call that man a knave, or “ loosed his cart, and tumbled him out on a fool, who would charge our Government the street. In the course of the fray he with oppression for sanctioning those pro-" was repeatedly raised shoulder-high and ceedings ? What, then, are we to think “exhibited in his grey-hairs, torn garof the Editor of such a paper as the Alorn-"ments, and swollen features, a most pitiing Chronicle, when we see him bringing able spectacle. At length he was rea similar charge against the French Go-" scued by the exertions of the Police, and vernment, who appear to have acted a part « taken to the office in Albion-street." not more reprehensible than ours ? Is it That scenes, no less savage and barba. possible, as I asked before, to acquit such rous than those described above, have been a man of wanton and deliberate malice ? - exhibited in London, within these few Your's, &c.

JUSTITIA. years, no ane will pretend to deny; but January 4, 1815.

that they should exist in Scotland, the seat

of learning, where “ pure and undefiest THE PILLORY.

religion” bas more professors than any

where else, and wbere we ought to look MR. COBBETT, -I should like to be for a more distinguished display of its luinformed why our neighbours the Scotch, mane and benevolent effects ; that such a who have been so long celebrated for their spectacle should be witnessed, at this time liberality of sentiment, and so far famed for of day, in such a country, is a phenomenon their hospitality, should bave degenerated well deserving the attention of those who so much of late years, as to permit the fol- feel interested in the cultivation of public lowing disgraceful affair, (the account of morals, and in the improvement of our cri. which has appeared in all our newspapers) minal code. I question much, whether in to be transacted amongst them:- all Europe, even in “demoralized” France

“ BRUTAL BEHAVIOUR.- Wednesday, itself, an instance can be produced where “ between one and two o'clock, William popular fury has been permitted to dis“ Coil and Elizabeth Roberts, his wife, charge itself with snch marks of ferocity, “stood in the pillory at the cross of Glas- as in the case of the hoary-leaded wretch

gow, for Wilful Perjury, of which who was given up ly the Magistrates of they were lately convicted at the She- / Glasgow to be cuffed, kicked, and knocked

down, all for the “ amusement of the “ observance.” Much as has been done of pious and hospitable inhabitants of that late towards ameliorating our criminal highly cultivated and enlightened city !!! law, there still remains a vast accumulation

The pillory is evidently a vestige of that of abuse and error, which it will require feudal barbarism which formerly overspread more than ordinary exertion and talent to Europe ; and although it is not now at- overcome. Those to whom the country is tended, as then, with the painful infliction already indebted for many excellent reof having the ears nailed to the instrument fornis in our criminal code, will have of disgrace, or the chcek branded with a much to combat, in the way of prejudice, hot iron, it is a punishment that must, in before they can accomplish all they propose. many cases, be worse than death, when But as they have already experienced the the culprit, through a mistaken policy, is beneficial advantages of perseverance, they left to the mercy of an infuriated mob.-may pretty safely calculate, that as long as It would be difficult, I think, to point out they continue to keep the object steadily the wisdom of that law, 'which leaves the in view, they need be under no apprehendegree of panishment of a criminal to be sions as to the result.-Yours, &c. determined, and infiicted, by the multitude,

BENEVOLUS. who neither kuow, or are capable of justly

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. appreciating, the offence with which he is charged. The case of the man at Glasgow SIR, -You will much oblige the writer was no doubt of a very aggravated nature. of the letter which appeared in your last But are all persons condemned to the pil- REGISTER on the subject of the Oxford lory of the sama description ? Have we prison, by inserting the following Postscript not had that sentence put in execution for to it :mere matters of opinion ? and can it se- It is true that a room is now fitting up riously be said that any person thus situated in the prison for sick persons, but this ought to be consigned to the hands of a room will not contain more than four beds, set of unprincipled ruffians, to be kicked which is a very inadequate accommodation. and called, as long as they please, for their As the University Officers are at this time amusement ? Why should not the law endeavouring to apprehend all the prostiexplicitly define and apportion the degree tutes who are ill of a certain disease, the of punishment belonging to cach offence? prison, should the winter be severe, will Why should so glaring a proof of its inef. present a scene of more than usual mificacy be permitted for one moment to The writer will feel himself much exist? Where our national character is 1 obliged to any resident Member of the so much involved, and the rights of huma- University of Cambridge, who will favou nity so deeply implicated, it surely would him, through the medium of your REGISTER, be no disgrace if our legislators would with a full ard accurate account of the meexert themselves to get a practice abolish- thod pursued there with respect to these ed, which, on all occasions, would be unfortunate women.

more honoured in the breach than in the O.xford, Jan. 2, 1315.


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Vol. XXVII. No. 2.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 14, 1815. [Price 1s.



[34 TO MR. JOHN CARTWRIGHT, called the Reformers," a low and degraded THE IMPLACABLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY.

"crew,” having amongst


no honoura able distinctions ;” and he expressed his

pleasure, that they were, as he said, fightPeace between England and America. ing on the side of our enemy. They were,

in his eyes, so contemptible, that he was Bolley. January 9, 1815. glad we had them for enemies, and espeDEAR SIR,-Before I proceed to the cially, as, in their chastisement, republicanproposed subject of this Letter, I think it ism would be humbled in the dust, if not right just to notice, that I have, in address-wholly destroyed. ing you now, omitted the addition of Esq. Such were the sentiments of the greater at the end of your name. It is become part of the nation, at the time when the high time for us, and all those who think as Kings and Potentates of Germany paid us we do, to partake, in no degree whatever, a visit, and when the “ Bits of Striped in this sort of foolery, especially when we Buniing” were seen reversed under the are writing, or speaking, upon the subject Royal flag on the Serpentine River. There of a peace, which has been made with a had, indeed, occurred, before that time, nation, whose Chief Magistrate never pre- events, which, one would have hoped, tends to any title above that of " fellow- would have checked this contemptuous way "citizen," which he shares in common with of thinking. The defeat and capture of the a!! clie people of the free and happy coun-Guerriere, the Macedonian, the Jara, th: uy, al the head of whose Government he Peacock, and divers other smaller ships of has been placed by the unbought votes of war, by that Republic, whose very name his “ fellow-citizens."

we affected to despise, might have been exe In my former Letter I stated, as clearly pected to create a doubt, at least, of our as I was able consistent with brevity, the power to annihilate the Republic in any very real cause of the war ; and also the real short space of time. But the nation had causes of its continuance after the Euro- been cheated here, too, by the corrupt press, pean peace. I shall now endeavour to state wlio persuaded them, that all these losses clearly the real causes of the peace ; and arose from causes other than those of the then we shall come to those consequences, skill and valour of the Republicans. At which, I think, we shall find to be of the one time, it was superior numbers ; at anoutmost importance to the cause of freedom'thier, heavier metal ; at another, our own all over the world.

seamen inveigled into the Republican ships. The peace has been produced by various This delusion was kept up for two years, causes. When Napoleon had been put until the incursion in the Chesapeake down, this country was drunk with exulta- seemed to have closed the scene ; and, you tion. The war with America was gene- ' will bear in mind, that, at that time, it was -ally looked upon as the mere sport of a the almost universal opinion, that our Remonth or two. Our newspapers published gent would soon send out his Viceroy to reports of spreches, or pretended speeches Washington City. (fir it is the same thing in effect), in which : It was even at this very moment, howthe orators scofied at the idea of our having ever, that the tide began to turn. The any trouble in subduing a people, with two gallant little army of Republicans, on or three thousand miles of sea-coast, defend the Niagara frontier, had before proved, ed by raw militia, and by " half a dozen fir at Chiprawa, that they were made of the frigates, with bits of striped bunting at sankstaff that composed their ancestors; their mast heads." This phrase will be and, at Fort Erie, they now gave a second long remembered. One of our Orators most signal proof of the same kind.called the Americans, as lie had before While these dever-surpassed acts of devo

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