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one of


racle may be received by Catholics, we INSPIRED WRITINGS.

of the Protestant Church do not admit of evidence of this description. Besides,

if it was not till afirr three centuries had Mr. COBBETT.-In your Register of elapsed, that the Holy Spirit condesendthe 18th wt. a correspondent asks, by ed' to 'sanction the New Testament wriwhose authority those books (the New tings, it would follow that the Christians Testament Scriptures) “ when formed into who lived prior to that period, were left " their present collective state, were de- in darkness and uncertainty as to the au“ signated holy inspired writings?"-For thority of the sacred writings, and, consone time I was surprised that a question, sequently, without any stable foundatiinvolving so many important consequences, ou on which to rest their faith. This is a had not received a prompt and satisfac- view of the subject which no sincere bewory answer, either from yourself, who liever can adopi, without charging the had already so powerfully advocated the Almighty with partiality, and wantonly cause of tlic established church, or from sporting with the feelings of the crea

your Foruliams, your Churchme!', tires he had macie. The authority of or other staunch supporters of the faill!, the audior of Ecce Homo must, therewho so ably assisted you in your pious fore, have been rejected by all good opposition to the repeal of the penal proíestants, even although it had not been slaiules against the Unitariams; but, after thought niceessary to put that work somc enquiry and considerare lection, down for the safety of the protestant my surprise subsidedt oa finding that church, and to preserve unshaken the no celebrated ecclesiastical historian, a3 faith of thousands, who might otherwise far as ! have been alle to discover, bas have been staggered by a perusal of its attempted to fix a period when the books rangerous arguments, and the fearless toimposing the New Testament “

manner in which the writer discusses designated holy inspired writings." The the most important and interesting subsuilior of Lire Homa, who refers to jects. Tillement and other fathers in proof of A writer of the name of Dodwell, in his Jiis statement; but whose authority has dissertations on Irenæus, says beeil overtirown by one of more weight f". collection or canon of the looks of the and general iniluence; las asserted, that " New Testament was made in the reign it was not till 325 years afier the birth of “ of Trajan the Roman Emperor, more Christ that those books were received

a century after Christ."- Dr. or acknowledged as inspired. His words Mills, who treated of this sulject in the are;—" At the end of three centuries beginning of last century, asserted, that (i. e. in the three hundred and twenty

" there

no collection made of “ fifth year of the Christian era) sone any books of Scripture, whether of bishops decideil, that these four gos

epistles or gospels, till about 60 years pels were the only ones which ought “after the death of Christ. Not of the to be allopie:l, or which has been epistles certainly; for concerning the “really inspired by the lioly Ghost. A "authors and authority of some of ihese, “ miracle enable the un to discover " there were great viisputes and doubts “this important truth, so ditficult“ in the apostolical churches in the folto be discernel, at time

"lowing ages, which had never happened ." then not very remote from that of the “had any of the last surviving apostles

apo:ides. They placed, it is said, pro- constituted a ca:o). Nor of the four "miscuously, books apocryphal and au- gospels, the reading of which in the " thentic under an aliar:--the Fathers "churche was not tben determined and of the Council betook themselves to

agreed m."--Another writer about the prayers, in order to obtain of the same perod, Dr. Beveridge, saysLord that he woul! permit the false Among all the more ancient writers of or doubtfil books to remain under the “ ecclesiastical matters, you will hardly altar, whilet those which were truly

“ find two that agree in the same numinspired by the Holy Ghost, should

“ ber of canonical books."-Again,“ no “ place theinseives above it, a circum- one can be ignorant that some of the " siance which did not fail to occur.truly canonical books of the apostles

la whatever light this pretended wi- were dobied of in the three first cea

or that a

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"turies of Christianity.”-I could multi dividual, except inasmuch as it shows the ply authorities on this subject; but as falsehoods which liave been lad recours They all differ from one another, this to, in order to make up something like a would only tend the more to coniirm defence of so disgraceful an expenditure i hat I have already stated, that no cer- of the public money, as is the giving of tain period bas been agreed upon by the sucli sums to such a man. However, as numerous writers of church history, iben it bas been taken up in Parliament, I trust the books of the New Testament " wire the enquiries will not cease until the evil designated holy inspired uritings:-1 is done away. I have already commucordially agree with your correspondent, nicated to you, that Sir John Downie " that if these books were more canddictly played a principal part in the late tragediy "examined, and more rationally cousin of the restoration of the Tunisition, and “ dered, the truth and rationality of Chris- that Ferdinane, according to lis' caston, “ tianity would be better understood.” got tired of the mala, and sent him to It must, at the same time, however, be Seriale. General Horillo was abert Uris acknowledged, that where a discuts time appointed to the chief conmund of presents itself in the outset of this exami- the c!iuryo expedition in South America, nacion, it cannot be expected that any and passed through Seville ou his way to one can enter upon it, with an unbiassed Cadiz, to commence Operations in the and unprejudiced mind, until that dilti organization of liis army

it will be, pero culty is removed. The point mder dis- 11,2,3., 1llurit extraordinary here, but it cussion appears to me in that light. Ji is no less true, that a part of ihis army, involves, in my apprehension, all that is and one in which ferdinand placed great desirable on earth. upon it press confidence, was a priation of Priests, the truth of our holy religion, ilie touncia consisting of a ceriali number of every tion of our faith, the lope of a friure es- order in Spain, licadere hvilie new Ane'jience. I trust, therefore, that some ricans avuitor (ierera!, Ifanou (iuiraquz. abler pen thap mine will take in the sun. Sesilie', which is only about :30) leagues ject, not only for the sake of consistency, distant iron Curiz, las appointed as but that intidels, who are always on the the place ci rendez10115 for these Priests. watch to take ariraniage, may be for ever Sir John Donne, finding his appointment silenced, and the divine authority of the of gealer, or (as he calls it in be paid for sacred writings established on an im- puit paragraplis in the Sun and emrior) noyable basis.

Inspector of the Palace, neither pretiiablo VERITAS. por honourable, set to work immediately

with the Holy Prophetieksi, and so weil Tue INQUISITION,

succeeded wiin Urem that Ramon Guira

quiz urole 10 t:e loqnisitor General at SIR, -Spe my last perceive, by the Madrid, serving the Dawnie, might Morning Post and the Times renta- be permitted 10 enbark with the Espeshipers, that Sir John Newport in the lussetion, stating bis elevotios to the interests of Commons, and Lord Landscheve in of the Ilely Office, and that he would le thie Lords, have taken up the 11tisition au creulical center; oise to the rougir Ccteral, Sir John Donnie..-'be Chen independence of the General in Chiti, Nt. celor of the Exchequer, in defending the rillo. This officer, as I have alieady item of about 135,0001, et the public no stated, was originally a private marine, ner, which has been paid in this man, and serving on board the Spanish llect, indepenient of an anuuity whicle liere in the battle of Traíalgar, was taken pri-! ceiver from the public, (for what is not soner, and confined on board one of ile explained) stated as a sort of salto, that prison ships at Portsinonili, until the lie was the brother of the late laniented breaking out of the Spanish revolution, Captain Downe, of the Navy, who was when lie was sent home with the whole killed on the Lakes in America. This of the Spanish prizovers. Naturally declaration produced a letter, which has boisterous and violeni, a man of war and been inserted in all ihe newspapers, con- a momiain (alp, bis only education, tradicting the sistertion, and stating Sir wbich his guerilla avocations had not John Downie to be the son of a weaver, contributed much to soiles, he appeared in Renfrewshire.-Noy this has nothing little disposed to suit bis operations phatever to do with the merits of the in- to the guidance of the priests, who con

sure as

sidered their approbation of erery mea- course. Thus stood the expedition,when a sine qua non to success.

success.- after repeated disappointments it sailed; Ramon Guiracquiz was indefatigable in but, owing to some unexplained cause, it his applications in favour of Sir John has returned to port, and it is said its Downie, and at last succeeded; but not, destination is changed. What will now as the Chancellor of the Exchequer stat- become of Sir John Downie remains to ed, in getting him appointed a Lieutenant be seen. Perhaps he will return to the General on the staff of the expedition; Inspectorship of his Palace at Seville. his only rank is that of Brigadier and he is At all events, he has little chance of being inferior to all the staff offvers em- employed in the regular Spanish ariny, ployed. Oa his arrival at Cadiz, he where his Inquisition mcrits are very was receivel most coidly by Morillo, ho, thoroughly uncierstood, and properly apfrom his residenre in England, (limited as preciated. it was) was enabled to form a pretty ac- The capture of Monte Vidieo bas placcurate judgment of General Sir Jolined the whole eastern part of Spanish Downie. In addition to which, he con America in tlie power of the Patriots. silereil hin solely as an Inquisition Gene. An army of 40,000 men, tiushed with ral, and from his residing constantly with conquest, most or them Patriots of the the Priests, he received the Spanish nich- soil," accustomed to habits of freedon, pane of' El Inquisitore Ynglese.” For and detesting tyranny, either civil, relia five months, the papedijou remained in gious, or military, would have laughed to preparation ai Cilizar during the scorn Morillo's army of 8,000 men, even whole of wat time, (s0 cold was the re- with the aid of his Holy Brotherhood Decapi hie met with on his reporting putation, the Pope's Bull with which they himci to General Níorillo) he continued were furnislied, and the threatened Auto with sinceputation of the Inquisition at de Fé, which was to have been celebratSerille, and leren once joined the arny ed in honour of God, on their arrival in 2011 il ils ornitiation, when lie arrive:t America, Morillo himseit is known with the Holy Grethren, having with him never to have been ät ail sanguine of suca Lienianani Siecle of the larines, and cess. The priests imagined, that their was appointed in the same ship with fulmination of burning in this worid, and Ramon Ciniraniz! This Lieut. Steele damnation in the next, would have effica left England in the year 1813, having tually put down the efiorts of the rebeen permitted by the Admirally to enter volutionary party; and that quict suusthe Spanish service in the corps of Gene- mission to the “ San Benito,” would have ral Dovie, who being totally without been the immediate conscquence of their oticers, came to England to recruit for first appearance. Cevallos, however, who ther in the Litish service; and finding is still at the head of the government at none 10 be got at in the regiments of the Madrid, began to find ilsat the expedition line, he applied to the marines, where he would liave been a certain sacrifice, while succeeded in getting half a dozen, one of the slips, and their stores and equipments whom is Sir John Downie's follower, Lieut. would have been an important acquisition Steele, who, also, in imitation of his mas- to the revolutionists; and it is understood ter, ca:ls binnself by some pompous design by the best informed Spaniaruls here, that nation--if n't General, certainly at least certain information was received of the Colonel,

complete establishment of the New GoGeneral Morillo looked upon these men vernment. However this may be, it is with suspicion :---he remembered, that certain that the expedition is suspender while he was bravely fighting at the head for the present; the troops have all disof his guerillas, Sir Jolin Downie was embarked, and have occupied again their otherwise employed at Madrid; and old quarters at Cadiz, the Isla, St. Maria, pertaps judging not over tavorably of and Puerto Real; and the priests have the mail," who, notwithstanding thai lie returned, some of them to Seviile, where over his all to the late government, had | Ramon Guirauquiz bas himself gone ; and been grateful enough to be a principal the remainder occupy the great convent operator in its destruction, he avoided all of the Dominicans, pear the Water Gale communication with him, and lett him to at Cadiz. in the mean time, the Inquithe society ot' his friends the priests, with sition is not ille:-all the revolutionisis whuin aivne lie had way sort of inter- have been publicly excommunicated in

every church in Spain. All communica in conversation with them. One of the tion with them is denounced under the pro-proctors (who was of Trinity College) severesi penalties, and a complete sepa accompanied by the warshal of the univers ration is effected between the colonies tity, stopped the young women, and and the mother country. The evils which charged them with having been in conthis will produce, will no doubt be at versation with the gownsmen. They in brst, most severely felt, but the conse- vain denied the fact. The pro-proctor de qnences must eventually be beneficial to sired the!n to follow him, which they did toth parties. All revolutionary govern- attended by the marshal. The gownsmen ments are liberal in their policy. They perceiving the young women were stopped, will no doubt invite all Europe to a free and supposing that it might have been trade, and thus commercial prosperity occasioned by their liaving apparently will be both given and received; while, been in their company, returned and on the other hand, Old Spain, where indo- beyged leave to assure the pro-proctors lence and inactivity have so long been that no blame whatever was imputable habitual, will give way to exertion. This to thie young womea ; but they were dewill arise from the scarcity of the pre- sired to go to their College, and the fecious metals, which the revolution must males were escorted to Exeter College, necessarily produce. Under the old sys- where the marsiai learned that the Vice tem, so abundant was the supply of golu Chaucellor was engaged, and would vot and silver, that little labour was necessary be spoken with. The pro-procior upon to obta: support.

A most material being informed of this circunstance, dechange will now be produced, and I have sired they might be taken to the maishal's po doubt, that if the government is not house, and said that he would send the so stupidly blind to its own existence, as senior proctor to them. The marshal to still encourage the dominicn of the obeyed the pro-procter's directions, and priests, and the ignorance of the people, conducted them to his house, where the that a material alteration will take place senior proctor cane soon afterwards. in the general habits and pursuits of the The young women asked what they had whole nation.

been brought there for. The proctor said In my next letter, I shall trouble you that the pro-proctor had informed him with a statement of the operation of the they had been talking to the gowismen. Inquisition upon trade, commerce, and This they denied, and begged they might agriculture. In this country, an Englislite liberaied. The prociur seplied that man can with difficulty understand how they must be contined there all night, these great causes of national prosperity and taken before the Vice-Chancellor in can be interfered with by the church. ithe morning to exculpate themselves, shall explain this, and will shew clearls, They then requested that their mother that Spain possesses every requisite ió miybt be sent tor; but this was refused rival the most favoured commercial na bydlie proctor, who immediately left the tions, is a wise and liberal government house, tesiring the marshal io confine were to give spirit and energy to the them. The marshal conducted tliem exertions of the people.

I am, tic.

into a roon up stairs (the lisual place of March 1, 1815.


confinement for Collen rostitutes,) and locked them up. Perceiving the mar

shal before he left the room was about to UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

take away the coude, the girls besked Sip,—To the many instances of the they inght have a light and a fire. But abuses of the proctorial power in the Uni- he iold them it was as much as his place versity of Oxford, which have been lately was worth to ailow themi 10 have either cuimadverted upon, in your tieg ister, 1 the one or the vider ; and they were conbeg leave to add the following: On the fined all night, wiikcät fire, candles, or 29th of November, 1811, two young wo- any sort oj refreshment. In the course of men, the daughters of a widow in the the evening, their inoilur, and two of middling rank of life, resident in Oxford, their friends, wished to be admitted, but were in the High-street, near St. Mary's were refu: edi. About nive oʻoleck the Churchi, betwen four and five o'clock in fol morning, the mars'ral desired the afiernoon, wheu iwo gownsmen cross-them to prepare to go before the Viceed the way, and endeavoured to engage Chancellor, and then left them. Ee re


turned to them at twelve o'clock, and, and perhaps ruinous in its consequences. told then that they were to be liberated To which may be added, that publicity, without going before the Vice-Chancellor, in those cases, is extremely unpleasant upon which thev came down stairs and to females, as it may be the means of walked home.--An action was brought subjecting their cliaracters, however in the Court of Kings' Bench agaiust pure, to uncharitable remarks, and illthe groctor, pro-proctor, and marshal, natured surmises. for false imprisonment. The University Orford, Feb. 18. 1815. claimed their recognizance of the cause, which allowed.--The plaintiff's, whose expences were already to a con

FREEDOM OF SPEECH. siderable sum, were advised to drop all

Sir, Knowing that you as much despise farther proreedings, as the cause must panegyric, as I do the panegyrist, it is have been determined in the Vice Chan- of my intention to pass fulsome com cellor's Court

, where there is no jury, and pliments, but merely to shew to the where it might have been protracted to a world what happy effects are produced great levgili of time, and have been atten: The fact is, your plain arguments lave ded with much additional expence; not to mention this triting circumsiance, greatly tended to convert an educated that the proctor himself, the very man

man, and an criginal cnomy to your Rewho was one of the defendants, might gister.-From ny intimacy and friendhave sat with the assessor, and his bio- ship with him, I have constantly sent ther procior, as one of the judges ! Now it him to read. Sometimes he would, and it must be observed that the conduct of sometimes he would not look at it. the proctors was not only umecessarily Time, the tryer of all things, as your corharsh and severe, but illegal. That this respondent on Religious Persecution was the opinioa of the Vice-Chancellor, says, eradicated that raucour, and curimay be inferred from the circumstance, osity preriominating, led bim occasion. of the young women being liberated, ally to look it over, till at last conviction withont appearing before luim, who, if goi the better of bis prejudice, and I ani any thing whatever could have been pro- happy to state, that we are now as unitved against then, would not have dis- ed in politics as

sincere in missed them without reprimand. It friendship. - The wonder working effects would have been unjustifiable and illegal, of your uncontaminated reasoning is also even if the young women had been com- proved in your forcing a rebut from Sir men prostitutes, for they haci Leen guilty J. C. Hippisley, to your animadversions of no ill-behaviour, and the pro-proctor on the abominable Times Newspaper interposed his authority, at a time of day, report of what you justly censured as an when he had no power of exerting it ex impropriety in Sir John's (supposed) illicept on matriculated persons. Punish- Jeral and ingentlemanly attack on Mr. ment, in this case, if inticted at all, Madison, the President of the only free should have been indicted on the gowns- country in the world. I cordially particimen ; but they were allowed to escape


when you say,“you cannot with impunity. --lastances similar to the help wishing that a respectable English above, I have reason to think, have fre- gentleman liad refrained from the use quently occurred, though the individu- “ of a phrase tit to be applied only to als who sufiered had no opportunity of

" the head and members of a government bringing their cases belure the public; of a very difierent description.” I could a circumstance that will not be wonder- have visied that you had named the ed at, wben it is considered Hat aggres- ' government, but I have a pretty good sions of this nature are generally coniinit- key to this when I leok to your extracts ted against persons who cannot take from a Pamphlet written by Mr. Thorpe, any expensive measures to obtain redress, the Chief Justice of the Colony of Sieras by their own situation or that of their ra Leone, (on the subject of the slave relations and friends, they are more or less trade) to Mr. Wilberforce, a sanctified dependent on the l'niversity, and to member of parliament, a suppressor whom any resistance or opposition to of vice ; a good old man, who would those members of it who are clothed with rather die than be deprived of the pleaauthority, might be very detrimental sure and power of cramming Bibles

we are

with you

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