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Was Sir W. Drummond to be allowed | unfounded; but he also shewed, what to taiat the public mind with such matter, seems to have touched the author quite as without a syllable of answer or animad- nearly, that, under an ostentatious display version? Was the Bible not to be heard of deep erudition, he is one of the most even in its defence? Was this novel method shallow of men; that he has used terms of discovering truth to be adopted, that without any knowledge of their meaning, one side of the question only should be has heaped blunder upon blunder, comheard, and a complete bar put upon the mitted inaccuracy after inaccuracy, and mouths of all opponents, because the book asserted the boldest falsehoods without the which required an answer was unpublished? slightest excuse; and that, during all this Was it to become an allowed and esta- time, he has stolen a great part of his mat blished privilege of wealth, to circulate opi- ter from preceding infidel writers, while nions of every description, no matter how he endeavoured to assume to himself the noxious to society, in full security from credit of all the learning which he proanimadversion or contradiction, by the sim- duced. Thus Mr. D'Oyly not only deple expedient of writing a book and dis-feated the opposer of revelation, in his tributing it gratuitously? I guess, no man purpose, but stripped the vain jack-daw of in his senses will maintain so wild a po- his stolen plumes; and shewed that the sition as this. In the case then of Sir W. imposing appearances of deep erudition, Drummond, what was to be done? It is which the CEDIPUS JUDAICUS conveyed, true, that he might have been prosecuted in were of the most hollow and fallacious dea court of law for blasphemy; for, there scription. I wish neither you nor any one is no doubt, that, in the contemplation of else to take all this on my assertion, but the law, a book gratuitously circulated, is call upon every one to enquire for himself, no less a publication than one which is by reading the EDIPUS JUDAICUS, and sold at the booksellers shops; and, if this the remarks which have been made upon course had been taken, it is tolerably cer-it. tain that this Sicilian Knight, and British Privy Councillor, would have been raised to more public notoriety than he had yet attained, by the pillory. But as you, Mr. the person who wrote against it. These Cobbett, I observe, contend very strenu-three anonymous writers, it is pretty well ously against any use of legal prosecutions known, are no other than Sir W. D. towards persons who write against the himself in disguise. They have written, Bible, you must be the last person to it is true, a very bulky volume in professed maintain that such a proceeding ought to defence of the EDIPUS JUDAICUS, but have been adopted towards Sir W. Drum- have almost entirely substituted railing mond. Thus, then, unless the free license and scurrilous invective for sound arguwas to be granted to him, of saying what ments; and instead of defending Sir W. he pleased against the Bible, unnoticed D.'s blunders, have indicted whole reams and unchastised, it was absolutely neces- of personal abuse against his opponent. sary that some literary opponent should An anonymous pamphlet, signed J. R. has enter the lists against him, and examine since appeared, in which it has been most a little the truth of his assertions, and the fully shewn, that, notwithstanding all soundness of his pretensions. Accordingly, which is boldly affirmed by these virulent the clergyman, whose name your corres-writers (of whose mode of argument, by pondent mentions, came forward for that the way, your correspondent gives no very purpose, and addressed, in the first place, unfair specimen), Mr. D'Oyly's charges some letters of remonstrance to the author, and proofs against Sir Wm. Drummond on the nature of his attack on revelation, remain good in every essential part. I and followed these up by an enquiry into must repeat, that I wish not any single the truth, accuracy, and learning which he person to believe what I here affirm, solely displayed. I perceive your correspondent to on my assertion; but as you have thought affirm, that the CDIPUS JUDAICUS of Sir it right to publish an ex-parte statement W.Drummond "displays a fund of prodigious from one correspondent, it seems but fair "erudition!!!" On the contrary, Mr. that you should give equal publicity to the D'Oyly not only shewed, in every point, opinion of another respecting this matter. that his attempts to impeach the truth of Your's, &c. JUSTUS. the biblical historics were most futile and Dec, 30, 1814.

Your correspondent tells you, that three anonymous writers have started up in defence of the CDIPUS JUDAICUS, and have shown the ignorance and malice of

LETTRES DE CACHET.

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Signet, lie in the hands of the Ministers, as well as in those of the Under Governors of Provinces, to be used at their discre

No one who reads this description of Lettres de Cachet, will be able to discover any resemblance to these in the proceedings against General Excelmans. He was not put under arrest to gratify the caprice of any Minister, Deputy Governor, Mistress,

SIR,-Your recent remarks on the unhandsome and illiberal newspaper abuse of" the people of France, and the measures of" tion, frequently to gratify their own their Government, are fully corroborated" vengeance. Is an Intendant piqued by the manner in which the Morning against any man of quality; or a MinisChronicle, of last week, adverted to the "ter against a President of Parliament ? proceedings against General Excelmans," Such a letter is straight sent to him, and who had been ordered under arrest by the" he instantly sent from home, sometimes King of France. Of this officer the" into a remote province. Is the GoChronicle observed, that he had "petition-"vernor's Lady, or daughter, disgusted at "ed both Chambers for redress, and has another lady in the place, finer and more "stated his willingness to surrender him- "admired than herself, her punishment is "self the moment a trial is promised him, decreed, and the poor rival sent a wan"and his reasons for withdrawing himself" dering; a crime is easily forged, and "momentarily from the oppression which" the sufferer has no remedy. The smallest "this renewed system of Lettres de Cachet " affront to a Monk in favour (and Monks, "had inflicted on him."Either the" God knows, are soon offended), finds the writer of this article is entirely ignorant of "same compassion; a victim must be of the nature of Lettres de Cachet, or he "ferred to his holy rage." must have been influenced by motives of the worst kind, to compare the order given in this case to that terrible instrument.In the justly celebrated answer to the Bourbon proclamation, published in your REGISTER of the 15th January, I observe some very pertinent remarks on the subjector Monk. He was, in the first instance, of Lettres de Cachet, extracted from Ir. ordered to remove from Paris, by com Arthur Young's Survey of France. To mand of the King, for an offence, real or these may be added the following more de-supposed, against the State. Had there tailed account by Gordon, an able writer been any intention to revive the Lettres de in the cause of ficedom, whose works were Cachet, the General would have been published about the beginning of last cen-seized and sent to prison, without any cetury :-"The French Government, though remony, instead of giving him an oppora mild one for an arbitrary one, is yet a tunity to remove himself. But did he very terrible one to an Englishman. All obey the order of his Sovereign? On the "the advantages in it are not comparable contrary, he remonstrated against it, and "to one single advantage in ours: I mean persisted in continuing at Paris. Even "the Act of Habeas Corpus, which se- then, no violence was used, though, if he cures, at least rescues, from all wanton had been previously innocent, his disobe“and oppressive imprisonment. In France, dience might have been converted into 66 by the word of a Minister, the greatest, a crime, and he dealt with accordingly. "the most innocent, subject, may, from "caprice, or a whisper, or the pique of a "mistress, be committed to a dungeon for "his life, or the best part of it, or as long "as the Minister, or his mistress or mi-house. In this stage of the business, and "nion pleases. Some have been there shut in place of sending him to prison, or even "up in dismal durance and solitude for securing his person, the order was renewed, 66 years together, though no harm was and twenty-four hours allowed him to re"meant them; not for any offence real move himself. Still he continued refrac "or imaginary, but only through mistake tory. It was, therefore, considered expe"and likeness of names. Thus a Minister dient to place him under arrest; but no at"has sometimes committed his favorites, tempt having been made to convey him "and useful agents, who lay in misery for from his house, an opportunity was thus af"years, and might have perished in it, had forded the General to make his escape."not accident contributed to undeceive "him. Such orders, called Letters of the

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The order to leave Paris was dated the 10th. On the 14th he had not gone to his place of destination, which led the Minister to put a guard on his

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Such being the weil authenticated nature of the Lettres de Cachet, and such the true

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During the whole expo

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The man

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state of General Excelman's case, as given" riff Court.
even in the Morning Chronicle itself, how " sure, they were assailed not only with
is it possible to acquit the writer in that" filth but with stones. The man, who
Journal of a base and malicious calumny "seemed at first to treat his punishment as
against the French Government, when he a joke, was particularly aimed at, and
denominates its proceedings "oppression," "must have received much bodily hurt.
and a renewed system of Lettres de "The woman, however, did not wholly
"Cacket ?"—It is not my wish to advocate "escape. From the blood on her cap, she
the conduct of the present Rulers of France," seemed to have been wounded on the
or to attach blame to the individual who "head. The stones were thrown chiefly,
has incurred their displeasure. The charge" if not entirely, by a party of lads sta-
preferred by the former may be unfounded." tioned near the new building erecting on
The latter, of course, must be innocent." the site of the old gaol. When the hour
But it is not necessary that either of these" was elapsed, the disgraceful business did
points should be established, to shew that "not terminate. There were those among
the proceedings against the General me- "the mob who thought the sport far too
rited the harsh terms by which they have" fine to be given up so soon.
been described by the Chronicle. In this " was, according to their jargon, 'put
land of liberty, where the Habeas Corpus," through the mill.' He was cuffed and
as Gordon says, "secures, at least rescues, "kicked, and knocked down and raised up,
"from all wanton and oppressive impri-"at the pleasure of the by-standers. In
"sonment," numbers of persons are neces- "the Candleriggs-street, to which the mob
sarily arrested, and even imprisoned, who it" moved, he was thrown into a cart, whose
afterwards turns out are entirely innocent." driver for some time drove him along,
We have each known individuals, for rea-"humouring the amusement; but, finding
sons of State, kept in close custody, with-" that neither himself nor his horse escaped
out any suspension of the Habeas Corpus." the punishment meant for the old man, he
Would we not call that man a knave, or "loosed his cart, and tumbled him out on
a fool, who would charge our Government" the street. In the course of the fray he
with oppression for sanctioning those pro- was repeatedly raised shoulder-high, and
ceedings? What, then, are we to think "exhibited in his grey-hairs, torn gar-
of the Editor of such a paper as the Morn-"ments, and swollen features, a most piti-
ing Chronicle, when we see him bringing" able spectacle. At length he was re-
a similar charge against the French Go-"scued by the exertions of the Police, and
vernment, who appear to have acted a part "taken to the office in Albion-street."
not more reprehensible than ours? Is it That scenes, no less savage and barba-
possible, as I asked before, to acquit such rous than those described above, have been
a man of wanton and deliberate malice?-exhibited in London, within these few
Your's, &c.

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JUSTITIA.

January 4, 1815.

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THE PILLORY.

years, no one will pretend to deny; but
that they should exist in Scotland, the seat
of learning, where "pure and undefiled s
religion" " has more professors than any
where else, and where we ought to look
for a more distinguished display of its hu-
mane and benevolent effects; that such a
spectacle should be witnessed, at this time
of day, in such a country, is a phenomenon
well deserving the attention of those who

MR. COBBETT,I should like to be
informed why our neighbours the Scotch,
who have been so long celebrated for their
liberality of sentiment, and so far famed for
their hospitality, should have degenerated
so much of late years, as to permit the fol-feel interested in the cultivation of public
lowing disgraceful affair, (the account of morals, and in the improvement of our cri-
which has appeared in all our newspapers) minal code. I question much, whether in
to be transacted amongst them:-
all Europe, even in "demoralized" France
"BRUTAL BEHAVIOUR.-Wednesday, itself, an instance can be produced where
"between one and two o'clock, William popular fury has been permitted to dis-
"Coil and Elizabeth Roberts, his wife, charge itself with such marks of ferocity,
"stood in the pillory at the cross of Glas- as in the case of the hoary-headed wretch
gow, for Wilful Perjury, of which who was given up by the Magistrates of
they were lately convicted at the She-Glasgow to be cuffed, kicked, and knocked

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down, all for the "amusement" of the "observance." Much as has been done of pious and hospitable inhabitants of that late towards ameliorating our criminal highly cultivated and enlightened city!!! law, there still remains a vast accumulation The pillory is evidently a vestige of that of abuse and error, which it will require feudal barbarism which formerly overspread more than ordinary exertion and talent to Europe; and although it is not now at- overcome. Those to whom the country is tended, as then, with the painful infliction already indebted for many excellent reof having the ears nailed to the instrument forms in our criminal code, will have of disgrace, or the check branded with a much to combat, in the way of prejudice, hot iron, it is a punishment that must, in before they can accomplish all they propose. many cases, be worse than death, when But as they have already experienced the the culprit, through a mistaken policy, is beneficial advantages of perseverance, they left to the mercy of an infuriated mob.- may pretty safely calculate, that as long as It would be difficult, I think, to point out they continue to keep the object steadily the wisdom of that law, which leaves the in view, they need be under no apprehendegree of punishment of a criminal to be sions as to the result.-Yours, &c. determined, and infiicted, by the multitude, BENEVOLUS. who neither know, or are capable of justly appreciating, the offence with which he is charged. The case of the man at Glasgow was no doubt of a very aggravated nature. But are all persons condemned to the pillory of the same description? Have we not had that sentence put in execution for mere matters of opinion? and can it seriously be said that any person thus situated ought to be consigned to the hands of a set of unprincipled ruffians, to be kicked and cuffed, as long as they please, for their Why should not the law explicitly define and apportion the degree of punishment belonging to each offence? Why should so glaring a proof of its inef ficacy be permitted for one moment to exist? Where our national character is so much involved, and the rights of humanity so deeply implicated, it surely would be no disgrace if our legislators would exert themselves to get a practice abolish-thod ed, which, on all occasions, would be 66 more honoured in the breach than in the

amusement?

1

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

SIR, You will much oblige the writer of the letter which appeared in your last REGISTER on the subject of the Oxford prison, by inserting the following Postscript to it :

It is true that a room is now fitting up in the prison for sick persons, but this room will not contain more than four beds, which is a very inadequate accommodation. As the University Officers are at this time endeavouring to apprehend all the prostitutes who are ill of a certain disease, the prison, should the winter be severe, will present a scene of more than usual misery. The writer will feel himself much obliged to any resident Member of the University of Cambridge, who will favou him, through the medium of your REGISTER, with a full and accurate account of the mepursued there with respect to these unfortunate women. Oxford, Jan. 2, 1815.

Printed and Published by J. MORTON, 94, Strand,

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VOL. XXVII. No. 2.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JAN. 14, 1815. [Price 1s.

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TO MR. JOHN CARTWRIGHT, THE IMPLACABLE ENEMY OF TYRANNY.

ON THE

Peace between England and America®

[34 called the Reformers," a low and degraded "crew," having amongst them "no honour"able distinctions" and he expressed his pleasure, that they were, as he said, fighting on the side of our enemy. They were, in his eyes, so contemptible, that he was glad we had them for enemies, and especially, as, in their chastisement, republicanism would be humbled in the dust, if not wholly destroyed.

Such were the sentiments of the greater part of the nation, at the time when the Kings and Potentates of Germany paid us a visit, and when the "Bits of Striped

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Bunting" were seen reversed under the Royal flag on the Serpentine River. There had, indeed, occurred, before that time, events, which, one would have hoped,

Botley. January 9, 1815. DEAR SIR,-Before I proceed to the proposed subject of this Letter, I think it right just to notice, that I have, in addressing you now, omitted the addition of Esq. at the end of your name. It is become high time for us, and all those who think as we do, to partake, in no degree whatever, in this sort of foolery, especially when we are writing, or speaking, upon the subject of a peace, which has been made with a nation, whose Chief Magistrate never pretends to any title above that of "fellow-would have checked this contemptuous way "citizen," which he shares in common with of thinking. The defeat and capture of the all the people of the free and happy coun- Guerriere, the Macedonian, the Java, th ry, at the head of whese Government he Peacock, and divers other smaller ships of has been placed by the unbought votes of war, by that Republic, whose very name his "fellow-citizens." we affected to despise, might have been expected to create a doubt, at least, of our power to annihilate the Republic in any very short space of time. But the nation had been cheated here, too, by the corrupt press, who persuaded them, that all these losses arose from causes other than those of the skill and valour of the Republicans. one time, it was superior numbers; at another, heavier metal; at another, our own seamen inveigled into the Republican ships. This delusion was kept up for two years, until the incursion in the Chesapeake seemed to have closed the scene; and, you will bear in mind, that, at that time, it was the almost universal opinion, that our Regent would scon send out his Viceroy to Washington City.

At

In my former Letter I stated, as clearly as I was able consistent with brevity, the real cause of the war; and also the real causes of its continuance after the European peace. I shall now endeavour to state clearly the real causes of the peace; and then we shall come to those consequences, which, I think, we shall find to be of the utmost importance to the cause of freedom all over the world.

a

The peace has been produced by various causes. When Napoleon had been put down, this country was drunk with exultation. The war with America was geneally looked upon as the mere sport of month or two. Our newspapers published reports of speeches, or pretended speeches (For it is the same thing in effect), in which the orators scoffed at the idea of our having any trouble in subduing a people, with two or three thousand miles of sea-coast, defend ed by raw militia, and by "half a dozen fir "frigates, with bits of striped bunting at "their mast heads." This phrase will be long remembered. One of our Orators called the Americans, as he had before

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It was even at this very moment, however, that the tide began to turn. The gallant little army of Republicans, on the Niagara frontier, had before proved, at Chippawa, that they were made of the same stuff that composed their ancestors; and, at Fort Erie, they now gave a second most signal proof of the same kind. While these never-surpassed acts of devəR

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