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their accumulations faster than they port of this argument, my Lords, in the heaped them nogether, setting one mere hands of the little farmers, an immense example to monopetizers and speculators Hcrease of toor is brought to the public, or rather as these classes are incorrigible from as it were the lap of the farnier's furnishing olie mere argument io son wite. In a little farm, where there is a future legislature for interiering to prodairy, the produce is not only the calves, hibit all such practices as are likely to but an ir mensity of butter and cheese; become either seit or publicly injurious. ile refuse oi a cuiry wil support a pig
The practical and public economy of gery; that kind of animal food is reured large fornis has however made some in a very short time in immense quartinoise in the world, and a dozen tarnis ies. Again, when a little farnier and have frequently duing ile late war been liis family will raise from the little proniede into oue, for no better apparent duce of his small foun, a dairy, the rereason thau to save a little borse beer; fuse of which supj crts a piggery, iben but w licever has been persuaded by such comes the poultry. Where there is a cowan agunent, Las certainly swallowed a yard and a piggery, vast quantities of bait. Our ancestors ate as good leef poultry indeed are produced with very and multon as their children; the licei- little care, rcared almost in the lap of the mixture of foreign breecis of sheep way farmer's wife, nourished in lier kitchen possib!y have in proved the wouis of comer; I am not speaking theoretically ile (cuntry, ana ile chse would have now; mentioning only one parishi will Teen similar if the small farmis bad not serve as a strong instance for the whole Leen Luoken up; but large farms in ihe kingdom; ünong all these diferent fona pesession of opulent persons, enable theners, every labourer had a comfortable io withold the supplies, and jaise ile naster, and every tradesman confortanakes, and will neeviy terauds are hidi- ble employ: now, hundreds or thousands productive.
'lilereicie small farliers ma porsbare pauperised, ulierever there are the Lest economists on behalt of the is a family of children ; the mill-pails, public, and ename the most profit vbich were principay the nutrin.eni of
fanisies, are dote a:ay.” If any oné slou'd think that the fore- Nark reader the desolating consepoing siictures on the large tart systen, quences and progress of this execrable are ioo severe, I would refer bin io the system, both upon town and country following extract trom" ] he Lord's kie- narkets, and upon the small farmer and port ut evidence,” for which I am in- tlie labourer, and the tend-like proceedLented to the letter of a valuable corres- ings connected therewith ; "the milk-pails pondent of“ The Iires" paper, in wlict which were principally the putriment of it appeared on Monday the 6th inst. families, are done away;" the pig-styes It is taken from the evidence of Mr are done away, they are not permitted. l'hillips, land sugeror, ond civil engi. What then have individuals either geneheer, who has been much employed in raily or collectively dared to prohibit the southern part of the kingdom. their dependents troni contributing in
“ Restrictiels on the Corn Laws must these ways to the supply of the markets. have this efect; it will at once render and their own maintenance? Yes, it is permavent the inost'terubie sysieni of notorious that conspiracies of both kinds moncpclising the occupancy of lands. höve existed in several districts, and that I bow beg to give evidence upon the ef- under their operation the miseries, prifects it has upon society generally. In valions and moral degradation of the many places where I have been survey-t tabouring classes, have exceeded whatever ing, where there were cu or 60 farniers has been before experienced in this ia a penisli, it has been reduced to the ccuntry, except in times of absolute small number of four or five, and some earth and internal war. Thiere being parishes Outified by one man; large but one state of society in which the aisirets of country in the occupancy of immediate or rather apparent interest of the possessor ; where there were formerly landholders, collectively as rent receivers, a gitat niany iarni-lituses, ihere is pro- is more in tavor «f again divianig their hably only a bailift. 'ite horror this sys- lands into small farms, rather than refem creates among mankind generally, (waining of the present enlarged extent, ac in parishes, is inconceivable. In sup (viz, u bere the population is principally
agricultural), it would appear to me that
THE INQUISITION. Government should interpose in this instance to adjust the system as far as the Since my last remarks upon Spanisha convenience of the population and the affairs, I have read in the Morning interest of the public require. It might Chronicle the subjoined extraordinary be done by a tax per acre, upon owners article.--I have inserted it at full lengtii; and tenants of estaies, beyond a given there certainly is not a man living that size, when let beyond a certain price, in- would believe, without such evidence, creasing also upon larger estates, when that, in the nineteenth century, such let brigh. A temporary measure of this wretched idcotism could have been stifkind ihus modified, would lead rich land- ferred to have occurred. I wish King holders to divide their large estates Ferdinand had been allowed to remain where these high rents prevail. Such a quietly where he was, amusing himself measure should certainly not extend to with embroidery, rather than exercising, those less populous parts of the country as he has (one, despotical power against where rents are comparatively low, as it the poor people who had restored liin. mighi occasion a co rapid ircrease of| It is indeed a melancholy reflection, the people. To ensure siljiv, Govern- that there should exist in civilized Eu. ment should also make it ille val for any repe a human being capable of such man to farm more than one estate, which extrenie folly. She priests, it seems are would ter ever crush the monopoly of jaiout to marry the beloved Ferdinand the stretry, en benefit the proprietor to one of the Injania's, as they are called, more than any other measre of insuring of Portugal. Are we to suppose that a an adequate number of practical farmers, wife was re!dered necessary for his and eventually a facility in obtaining health, from the recollectious of “ the renants, ä сetain though limited certain signs” which these holy men say source of competition for the taking of to arise, on the indecent exposure ci farins. Landloris probably also, in ac- the persons of Buonaparte's barlots ?-A dition to this isregular competition for correspondent will have it, that this is aliraites occupancy, which raised rents done in initation of a certain King of in consequence of its pernicious effect, Jewish celebrity, who was unquestionhave been led to neglect their perna- ably of an extremely amorous temperRent interests, in upholding the farm altre, and indulged very freely in the houses, and preserving that previous carual lusts of the flesh, or, as Ferdidivision of their estates which bad nand's confessor terms it, “ the seventh marked the progress of society and com- deadly sin.” I sliall not give any opinion fort, by the inducements of large inter- on this; nor do I pretend to understand ests and certain income for their savings in w
way this ghostly father “ admoin the funds ; but although this source of wished "his royal pupil; but admonislı artificial accumulation in reference to so- him he did, and it seems to have had the ciety is like the gates of the broad way i salutary eifect, for a season at least, of that leadeth to destruction, to remain quenching the flame. The king, how of widened entrance, the immediate and ever, bad oecome so extremely sensual, permanent interest of landbollers ajo that he occupied himself solely in arrangpears now in this respect completely ob- ing the wardrobe of the Blessed Virgin vious.
Mary, to whom lie presented an eutire I here remains now to consider the last new suit of clot!ies, from the chemise division of persons in whose behalf pro- outwards, having first paid particular tecting corn prices are sought. But I attention to the “fringing of her robe." have, I fear, already trespassed too far | After so much trouble, such pious care, upon the valuable columns of your im- and so extraordinary devotion, it would partial Register. I shall deser ihis part have been extremely ungrateful in the of my subject to a second communica- | lady, if she had not rewarded him accortion; and now beg to remain,
ding to his deserts. The priests did not chose to trust him with a woman.
It Yours, &c.
T. H. J. was nevertheless necessary the Holy Vir
gin should acknowledge the King's Alarch 6th, 1815.
civility. One of them, therefore, having been
overcome ” by sleep, was honored with a visit from the “ immaculate mo- own wife, to endeavour to charm the ther of God”, who, after turning her- King; but I perceived by certain signs self round and round, and shewing her (adds the Confessor, whose words we fuery in all the vain glory of a newly translate literally), that the breasts of decorated King's place Priestess " sigh- these women, indecently exposed, were ed” amorously; and the poor priest, nor beginning to have a dangerous eilect on knowing how to act, ran and called the the Prince, who was ready to fall into King's contessor, who told him that the seventh deadly sin. I admonished “ the Holy Virgin had already said as him in time, and like the slave of Poti“ much in the King himself !!!” The phar, Don Ferdinand escaped these new meaning of this cannot be misunderstood. sirens.” “ The King was above all things It is too plain; and the interence is too incensed at the poverty of the chief aliar abominable to be dwelt on. I trust, of the parish of Valency; and at there however, that such absurdities as these being in the Chateau a play - house, will at length open the eyes of the peo-while tliere was neither a chapel nor an ple, and that this contemptible fanatic oratory--while the people were luxurious may soon meet with the reward which in their furpilure and feasts, and miserahis ignorance, his ingratitude, and his ble in the decoration of their teinples. perfidiy so richly merits.
The King embroidered himself a leautiful robe ot' wbite sik, with gold pallets
and gold iringe, for the Virgin. He had OCCUPATIONS AND MIRACLES OF raised a superb altar, gilt, and he soneKING FERDINAND VII.
links served himseii the lass at the feet
of the Queen of the Angels. The Queen The occupations of King Ferdinand of the Angels was most sensible of these during liis captivity in France were allı- royal attentions, and manifested to him ded to by Mr. Whitbread in Parliament, lier content by many signs. It happened We have been, Ibrough the favour of it in particular, that one night an Ecclesivalualde correspondent, put in possession astie of the district being overoome with of the authentic docuncert, setting forth sleep in the church, the Virgin appeared the holy and miraculous works performed to him as coming out of the a'lar-she by Ferdinanut, and we have been preventer advanced towards the Ecclesiastic, made only by the overflow ofieniporary inafter several turns round him, to display the from making an extract for the improve- elegance of her toilette; and said to him; ment of our readers. Tlie document is sighing that her son received the vows of a Sermon preached by Don Biaz de (ste-thie King in recompence of the fine robe loza, Captain Majar of his Catholic Ma- that he had given her; that the Spanish jestv, sodliis Crnfessor. The following Princes would not remain long without is an Extract. The Confessor begins lis Peing delivered ; and that they must form giving a picture of the lite of the King an Order of the Holy Sacrament, with at Talency: “ The Kings,” savs lie, which all the Chevaliers should-be armed
rose at cight o'clock, heard mass, for bis defence. The Priest much breaklasted, inade afterwards a pariy at touchier by this speech, awakened, and billiards, entered his closer to read his came to me to reveal the miraculous vi. letters, or some portion of holy wrii, sion; but I answered by assuring him embroidered at the Tainbcur till iree that the Iloly Virgin had already said as o'clock, at which time he took a shout much to the king iimself-who in thank
aising 111 a carriage-he dined on liising her bad promised, that on his re· return'-tmade a short praver, received turn to Spain he would make her worship
his brothers, or those si bo were admitted tourish orer all the provinces subject to to pay their court to him, supperl, and
Iris dominion." belire coing to bed reciter with all his llouschiold ihe Litanies, which he temed
UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD. hiu self.”
Agent of Napoleo??, SIR, --I have heard it said by certain whose impius presence he was forced persons in this place, who are displeased to endure, employed all means of secur with the letters* which have appeared at tion to draw the lotant from his holy weuparions. He brought a troop 9,15,13). Pl. XX1T No. 24, 36, 37. Vul.
for the preceding Letters, see Vol. XXV.No. ferui daneers from Paris, and even bi AXVII. NO. 6, 9.
different times in your REGISTER rela- such a proceeding, I am inclined to tive to the proctors, that the publication think that commitments by a magistrate of them was intended to subvert the dis- | under such a circumstance and the cipline of the University.-- This accusa-l supposition is reasonable, though I am tion from men incapable of controverting not positive of the fact)would be contrary the statements and observations in them, to law. The mode of paying the marshal is not worthy of much notice; as, I is, for obvious reasons, very objectionhope, I have already sufficiently proved able. As the office, though merely that the conduct pursued by certain per- ministerial, is of an unpleasant nature, sons in office, has been much more cal- his salary shonld be ample; and his culated to produce this effect, than any emoluments should not depend on gratuithing that can be said in reprobation of tics or fees paid by the University on the such conduct. Had they acted with the apprehension or commitment of persons least degree of temper and moderation into his custody. in the execution of their office, yo public This, Sir, is perhaps the last letter you notice would be taken of their proceed will receive from me relative to this busiings, which have had the effect of doing ness, as before long I shall most probably the very thing, that, had they any judg- leave the University. I trust, however, ment or prudence, we should naturally that if any abuse should occur, that suppose, they would wish to leave un- some other person resident here will done; I mean, the bringing their privi- think it bis duty to lay it before the leges into question before the public; public. It is, indeed, to be regretted aud making it a maiter of discussion and that in doing this, any concealment inquiry, whether persons of their protes should be necessary: but to many person who have generally shewn an in- sons, in places where there is much pubclination to make an improper use of their lic and private patronage, and frequent power here, are fit to fill offices of au- elections to offices, concealment, however thority in other places. But this is a repugnant to their feelings, becomes, in topic which I toucb lightly, as it is iny a prudential point of view, a matter of wish to allay rather than excite irritation; necessity; for it cannot be supposed that for 1 solemnly declare that every thing they who have so little feeling as to I have written on the subject, has been abuse their official power, or even not written from no other motives than those to exert their influence and authority of justice and humanity; and if I have to prevent its being abused by others, occasionally shewn any warmth, it is would have the liberality to forgive the inerely that which I always feel when I person who states the fact to the world. hear or think of cruelty and oppression. To this cause, must be attributed the I will take this opportunity of observing, the whispering, or air of mystery, on that I have lately heard the different subjects which in other places would Vice-chancellors fand heads of houses makc the very stones cry out. The man defended for not interfering when the whose wish it is to effect the reform of proctors have abused their power, on the any abuse in public bodies, should idea that the proctors, were any restraint know, that, unfortnnately for them, the laid upon them, might refuse to act only advice that will be heard, must be at all in matters of discipline. But a proc- conveyed in the public execration of tor, who could behave in this manner, their misconduct; for to any thing must be so ill-conditioned as to be evi- less than this, experience tells us, there dently and confessedly unfit for his will be little attention paid. Should any office; and in that case, it would cer- of the abuses, or the injustice and tainly be much better that he should do cruelty, enumerated in the preceding nothing, than that he should be permit- letters be repeated, or any others be ted to disgrace the University by the committed; which, for the credit of the commission of violent or illegal acts, governors in this place, I hope will arising from his ill-temper or waut of never happen; my prayer is, that they judgment. It has been said too, that may raise a manly, but temperate, inpersons have been committed by a dignation in the University against the Vice-chancellor without being allowed authors of them, and be recorded, and to speak a word in their own defence. subnitted to the public, by a more able To this I can give litele credit; for, not | pen than that of your much obliged, to insist on the extreme harshness of 0.xford, March 6th 1815, ¥. 2
listen to the debates of this exalted asPOPULAR OPINIONS.
sembly:--if he be a foreigner, what his Sır,—The opinions of the people of surprise-if an Englishman, tenacious of England appear to be as various as the his birthright, what the shock to his impulses of individual interests differ feelings, when, fondly anticipating the ove from another. The affairs of the deliberations of reason, and the unbiasnation, and of the world, are so intimate- sed decisions of sound judgmeni, he finds ly blended with personal interest, and na it labouring from the beaten paths of tional prejudice, that the whole compact nobleness and wisdom, into the wilds of has grown by private contention, and the unmanuerly witticism, and personal innational security combined by national vective; while the great national cause, prejudice, into a bulwark bordering on unaided by virtuous deliberation, proimpressions arising from ignorance.- ceeds on the sole discretion of ministers! When one looks around at the present 'till waking from the wrangling of perperiod, every separate interest is seen sonal animosities, they bellow for lost jingling its unreserved discussions with rights of the constitutional charter, they the uational wisdom.--The great class themselves in their madness have leti of proprietors of land, and farmers in sinking undeeded, while lacerating the rueful mood exhibit dangers impending national pride and worrying the public on reductions conducive to public plenty feeling. 'on this subject, let some siin-The richer cry aloud on the dismal ef- pie questions elicit frön some better infects of the property tax ; the mercantile formed on constitutional policy, why so joining in its heart-rending expositions.-- many vacant seats are permitted when The middliny, against the price of all the the affairs of the vation ought to dictate necessaries of life. — The manufacturer, the presence of every representative of against the difficulties and expences at the people at every meeting of parliatending the protits of his labour. --The ment? why one bears of ministers being labourer and poorer class, violently obliged to solicit from every part of the agaiņst mechanical inventions destructive kingilom, nay, from many parts of the to manual labour, and consequent inabi- continent, the attendance of members in lity to meet the exhorbitant demand for the houses of parliament, when it should food.—The beggar, against the inade- be a pa: amouit daty in their election to quacy of charitable donations, in a coun- the publie service. ? Can it be, that the try exceeding every other in the known sons of noblemen and wealthy gentlemen world for expenditure of this nature; are bought into honour's, 10 which their and every class in unison of bitter excla- mental unworthiness readers their abmation on the general oppression of tax- sence more honouralıle 10 the nation, thau ation. Let it be admitted, much room the favour of their presence uscíul, einle:s may exist for excitations to complaint: when an insignificant sea or pay is des and that it is well in the privilege of limanded by the nsage of parliament? If berty to express public grievances in one turn the view to aniber point, still public meetings; yet, be it remembered is seen the long impresseri reign of' prejuby a people who have struggled to the dice and hostility, Taming with unabated very acme of national pre-eminence and fataliiy. Nothing satisfies this feeling but glory, in a tide of patriotism inmortalis- the contemplation of the complete suling the annals of their age, that the sacri- version of American republican indepentice of national ease and personal luxury ence; even with the siguture of peace may yet be required devotedly to be laid before one's eyes, victory in a deluge of on the altar of that pre-eninence and blood and cannage is anxiously anticipaglory, that, untarnished, it may reflect its ted both on sca and land, is a regenerir
lustre on surrounding nations, and the tive principle for the imbecility of national : blessings of universal peace ! But, is ex rtion, On the other hand, althougļi not that lustre tarnishing? There rests there no longer exists a Napoleon, to die the doubt; and in that doubt let it rest, rect the terrifying energies of once allwhile a momentary glance is cast on the power in France, yet the sufferings of this represented people in its assembled coun-feeling is alleviated with nothing less than cil. Ask, what are the impressions it toe total aunililation of its power ; safety should excite? what are the impressions emanaies only in the prospect of its com it does excite? Let any impartial man pression on every side by the absorption