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on a Greek author, and thus spoiled the were Bachelors ; and if they were in

too much for the mild follower of Zeno.- surely we ought to liesitate on so imporThe inkstand was expelled at the head tant a point. That great apostle of the, of the terrified Abigail

, with philosophic gentiles, St. Paul, not only discounterage ; and on my innocently requesting vanced matrimony by his practice, but her to conclude the chapter on anger, she expressly recommended a life of celibacy, gave a practical illustration of her system, as a virtue; and with such authority, all by furiously dispatching the treatise parliamentary arguments vanish like full in my face.-- Perfectly satisfied with smoke. That the ladies should not coinlady philosophers, I next offered my-cide with the wholesome advice-giving, self to a devotee; trusting that christia- and woman-silencing apostle, is no ways nity would teach a milder behaviour. extraordinary; but that Dir. Vansittari-, Here I was dragged to the conventicle, the zealous supporter of the Bible So, every Lord's-day, three times at least; ciety, should, by the tax in questions besides attending conferences, night meet- set aside the authority of St. Paul, ie ings, &c. on the week day; and if I had truly surprising. Noiwithstanding the not indulged a little mistimed scepticism, seeming proofs of bis piety, unless he I might have been united to the most withdraw this most unchristian lax, we devout lady in Christendom : but hap- shall be led to judge, that he has a lowpening to doubt of Serpent-logicians, and ed his gallantry to get the better of his Ass-orators, I was dismissed as an infidel christianity. Yours, &c. whom, for the glory of God, it would

AN OLD BACHELOR. be well to roast into the faith. So anxious as I to become a Penedict, that I Lincolnshire, March, 12th. 1815. next became the humble suppliant of

CORN Laws. my own housemaid ; a tall, stout, mahogany faced damsel, whom I believe I SIR.-I wish to argue the subject on should have taken for better or for worse : reasonable grounds, and as there is so but indiscreetly offending her on the much noise about the Corn Bill, I trust much dreaded wasbing day, the enraged you will give place to these few observaAmazon, with ponderous fist, so ob- tions.--Before the war, bread was 6d. the scured my perception, that I was ever quartern loat; and pray what makes it after blind to her qualifications. Having dear now? Have we not the same porbad suflicient experience of the mo- tion ofiand to grow corn on, as we had derns, as a last resource, I poured forth before the war? Nay, I will answer, a. my passion to a rich old Spinster, whom cousiderable deal mere, by the immense I was near leading to the altar, when the inclosure of waste land which, I may grim tyrant death intruded, and snaiched say, has been taken from the her away from the enamoured suain. given to the rich. They have deprived I could willingly have engaged with some them of the land, and now they have the other antique, but with the mournful impudence to say, that they will not grow event before me, of the ipstability of life corn on it, unless yon give them what in the agert, I was fearful of too soon price they choose to ask. Have we bot being left in a widowed state. Groun equally as good furuvers as we had before grey in a life of fruitless importunity, the war; and is not the laud aproducbad reconciled myself to my fate, with live? What then is the reason they canhi'osophical fortitude, when lo! We not grow as much corn row, as they did Minister opened his budget, and thus before the war? It is because of the prevented me an indulgence so necessary nounous load of tires with which ne to my declining years.-II be thought are oppressed. I cousider all the noise to have failed in proving the oppres-now making by the supporters of the corn siau of the tax, by my history, I chali bill, as nought but a bug-bear to frighten appeal to wripture, trusting that every IS.à faisc alari-an inrention to aligood christus will coincide with ny ar Thorise the establishment of a despotism guments. To search for names whenjurious to the liberties and happiness have ado e a lustre tu that of Bachelor. | f the people. The tact is, the warwould be an endless task: suffice it to wboop taction frare got rid of the prosay, that Jesus Christ, and liis disciple. I periy-tax, and have already laid it upon

poor, and


the shoulders of the mercantile people. back parlour and the piano; the men Should this bill pass through the house for having changed the smock-frock, and of their " noble-inindednesses,” the bur- carters whip, for the military cut, supertiren, with the head and all, will be too fine coat, lined with silk, his We!lington heavy for the shoulders. But supposing boots, his jemmy ratlan, and bit of blood. the landholder was formerly necessitated Dumplins too are fursaken for dainties ; to raise his tenant's rent, to enable him and it is reckoned among the number of to pay the Goverument demand of 101. the farmer's high crimes and misdemeanper cent. property-tax, the landholder ours, that they feed no longer on was not even then the loser, as it all came cheek and beef legs. I request you my out of the loaf. Now that that demiand brother farmers to note this. You are is over, let the land holder take off the to be clothed with the smuck-frock, go 101. per cent, which be put ou liis tenant, in bighi shoes and hob nails, feed on the and let Government reduce the most op- offal of your produce, send all your poul pressive part of the farmer's taxes. This try, eggs, butter, cream, &c. to market, would be the most equitable way of en- that the appetite of those wbo bave burcouraging the growth of corn, and giving thened you with excessive taxation may us bread at å moderate price. If we be pampered at a cheap rate, fare sumpmusthave taxes, let us have them on any tuously every day, roll along the street thing else but the loaf. By these means, n splendid equipages, and mock and and ihese only, we will be enabled to pro- deride the clownish awkwardness whichi, care a foreign market for our manufac- in their prejudiced eyes, is necessary 10 tures, without which there is no chance the selling of cheap com. It may perof reducing the price of bread, and of haps be thought illiberal to accuse sirisrestoring England to its former prospe- rides of wilfully settting one class of the rity. Although I like your reasoning in community against another, I must, general, Mr. Cobbett, I wish to know therefore, impute the false description how we are likely, (if passive obedience he lias given, to a complete iguorance of le the order of the day) to get redress the mode and habits of life of so respectin the event of their“ poble minded- able a class of the community as the

nesses” rejecting the voice of the peo- generality of British farmers. It is not ple in their petition against the obnoxious unlikely he may have been entertained worn bill. If the only constitutional inode by the military fop he has pourtrayed; of petitioning should be rejected, and and if such claracters are to be found the intimidating force of an army of sol. am mongst farmers, Aristides should have diers be resorted to, I should like you to been charitable enough to have acknowpoint out the remedy, as I am at a loss ledged the real cause of their creation to imagine one.

I am, &c.

and existence, which he must know to March 15, 1815.

W. P. R. have arisen out of the late wicked, unjust,

and unnecessary war. If he had on this DEFENCE OF THE FARVERS. subject reasoned with his accustomed

acuteness, he must have known that Mr. COBBETT -Amoogst the various none put on the military babit with more opinions which have lately appeared ou reluctance than the fariner; that he was the subject of Corn Luws, scarcely any induced to become a volunteer by the have been free from au admixture of illi- influence of government, thro' the meberal abuse of the farmers of England, dium of the magistrate and his landlord, and some of your corsespondents have by whom he was in many instances, fallen isto tbat vulgar error, far so I must threatened with notice to quit his farm be allowed to consider it; and may sir- if he did not comply with the military prise is much encreased to tind your requisition. His family, too, were ofien wtherwise seusible correspondent Aristi-invited to the festive board, to join the des turned accuser of the farmers in your merry. dance ;and if the female part imiRegister of the 25th ult. Amongst some tated the dress and manners of their new plausible reasons for the bigh price of associates, the colonel's and the squire's corą, be assigns the principle one to be lady; if they were tempted to learn the the higli and luxuriant living of the far- martial air, and the joeund song on the per, whose family he describes as having piano, can this possibly be assigned by forsaken the dairy and the chur!ı, for the any sound reason as the true canse y hy


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they cannot sell their corn cheap? Corn this convenience is looked for in vain.
has not risen in price more than the oak It is replaced, in some instances, with
tree, the deal board, or the tallow can the humblest buggy, but more frequently
dle, and till it can be proved that the with the cart; and the appearance
increased price of these articles is owing of the farmer now, when compared with
to the luxuriant living of the tim ber mer- his grand-father, is that of a pauper being
chant, the carpenter, and the tallow passed liome to his parish; he now rides
chandler, the advance in the price of to market or to worship, gingling and
corn cannot be attributed to the extrava- shaking and gnashing of teeth.
gant living of the farmer. But, Sir, I But why are these comforts fed ? It
deny the fact that the generality of the cannot be unknown to Aristides, that
farmers, or their wives and daughters, they are laid aside to answer the demands
are what Aristides las described them of the tar-gatherer, who threatens to
to be; or that their situation is improved swallow up all otr comforts, and deprive
by an increase of either their luxuries or us of all our conveniences, to enrich
comforts. Niore than a century ago that those who are partakers and dividers of
facetious pret Pryor described ihe situa- the spoil. I ain told that farmers drink,
tion of faimers (not as living on ox cheek and get drunk too.

So does the parson, or beef legs but) as living hospitably, and the lawyer, the senator, and the statesbeing surrounded with plenty:

man. But are we, on that account, to Large oxen in tiie field were lowing,

accuse the whole of those classes with

this nauseous vice, and charge them with Good grain was sowil, good fruit was growing;

all the mischief and calamity that awaits Of last year's corn in barns good store, this once happy country? Such a mode Fat turkies gobbling al the door;

of reasoning would be accounted illiberal How strong the beer, how good the meat,

and inconclusive. It must be equally so How loud they lauglid, how much they cat.

if the whole body of farmers are to be

judged by the indiscretion of a few fops Many other authorities might be and sots. It should also be taken into quoted within the compass of a farmer's consideration, Who have turned farmers ? reading, to prove their situation to have It must be allowed, before the character been that of plenty and comfort, and of the English farmer is truly appreciated, that they could entertain their friends that all retired merchants, military genwith true hospitality; nay even jovially, tlemen out of employ, disappointed and without incurring the reproach of making unsuccessful speculators, with the remcorn dear. Who can enter a farm house nauts of their broken fortunes, must be in the present day, without seeing in struck from the list; then I may safely the corner cupboard the punch bowl of aver that the farmers of England have his grand-father, which, when in his not abated one jot or tittle in the habits possession was often replenished to wel of industry, economy, or frugality, or come the coming guest and cheer the increased in luxuries. It must likewise weary traveller; but is now only an arti- be granted, that farmers of enterprise, cle of old china to be wiped of its dust, who have made large fortunes, cannot be and set up as an ornament of ancient considered a fair sample of the generalily times. The untaxed ale, which cheered of farmers, If they have got too rich by the countenance, and made glad the turning the desert into a garden, tho' heart of man, is now no more. It, alas! | they may in common with oiher successis obliged to give way to a thinner liquor, ful classes of society, live luxuriantly, I more endangering the visitor with the cannot see how they have made corn gripes than the gout. Leaving, however, dear by growing abundance where none the description of the poets, and calling grew before. It is a fact universally in aid personal recollection, I could admitted, that where several farms have state instances of farmer's keepingcomfort- been laid together, cultivation bas imable carriages, principally employed for proved and the quantum- of corn much carrying their families to worsliip, giving increased; a sufficient proof that this them a jaunt to the market, or conveying carinot contribute to raise tbe price of them to a family party at cliristmas; but corn. tho' I am now acquainted with a hundred Having comlated these false notions, times as many farmers as I was then, T of your correspondent, and others-of like

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opinion, may I be allowed to state what I let the pen of Aristides be directed I conceive to be the real cause of creating against the common enemy taration and a vecessity for making corn dear. It corruption, those co-partners in inischief must be attributed by every considerate and misery. Then may we be brought mind to increased rents and overwhelm- back to the enjoyment of the blessings ing taxation. All our political econom- of our ancient constitution and the conists have ascribed the progressive rise in stable's staff, instead of a large military the various articles of life to these causes; force, and an embroidered militia in time but there is no occasion for quotations; of peace. While economy and retrench.' we can cast a sum in addition or snbtrac-ment are recommended to the farmer, tion: multiplication is brought to our we will kindly return the good advice, recollection by a increase of evils; and and recommend it to government also as the result of our little arithmetic may be the only efficient remedy for our aggrasolved by a simple question in the rule of vated evils. Yes, while we are curtailing three ; if an advance in rent and taxes comfort after comfort, convenience after has increased our expences fourfold, convenience, we advise those above us what price must corn be at to enable us to share in the lıke privations; and while to hold our farmıs and retain our situa- our laborers are bearing with patience tions ? The answer is obvious. It is a reduction of 2d. or 3d. in the shilling, also clear, that if a large abatement on account of the reduced price of proof rent cannot be obtained, a considera- visions, let us demand also that the serble diminution of taxation, and a total vants of the state should be reduced in riddance of the tythe system, so mous- the same rate. I could easily point out trous, so oppressive and vexatious, there what a load of taxation the good people will be no alternative but emigration or a of England might be relieved of from jail. It is equally evident, that there are this just and well-founded claim being not only one but many countries where, adopted, from the prince on the throne in mercy to mankind, tythes are abo thro' every department of the state and lished, reuts one fourth of the rents of every servant in office; but I shall leave England, taxes comparatively none; and this to abler pens, and as my chief obaltho' it is our wish and our pleasure to ject was to defend the farmers from those raise corn in abundance, and sell it cheap ill-founded and precipitate charges of exto the good people of England, we cannot travagance and luxury which have been perforin impossibilities. If we are taxed brought against them, arising no doubt and teazed out and obliged to abandon from gross misconception, I shall conour native soil, we must cross the chan- clude with subscribing myself their denel in such numbers that it might puz- voted friend and servant. złe a long headed chancellor to raise his revenues from those who remain. The

R. F. landlords also will find it difficult to obtaju tenants for their farms. As to the Corn Bill now procceding in Parliament,

America Triumphant. and which excites such dreadful agitation, I am free to declare that a large Those vile slaves of corruption, what now will portion of farmers do not wish it to pass, they say, because they consider it to be instru- Who assur’t us, the Yankees would all run away, mental in advancing the price of their Soon as ever they cane within sight of our meni, labour, keeping up rents, and perpetua- And that England would make thein her subjects ting taxes, which onght to be repealed. again. They are truly alarmed at a peace estab-One would think, they believed these American lishnient of nineteen millions a year, elves, and believe with you, Sir, that there is were composid of sucli dastardly staff as themselves. no necessity for such an expenditure; They forgul, that their busomis beat high in the that this excessive taxation is the rich pasture on which corruption feeds, fattens of true LiberTY, JUSTíce, Religion, and Laws, and grows insolent. Why then infame and that one conimon spirit pervaded the land, the public mind against the farmer? | To resist the Aggressions, Injustice had planı’d. Why not, to use a farmer's expression, lay Alus! had our Rulers wise nicasures observ'd, Tize sadile on the right house? Rather | Mud they we'er iteru a just line of policy swervid;


their graves,

Had they treated as men, whom they treated with | canal on wliich they had effected their scorn ;

disembarkation. In my encampment The beatus of our glory had never been shorn ;

every thing was ready for action, when, We should never have suffered disgrace or defeat, early on the morning of the 8th, the Nor from those we despis'd been obliged to retreat. enemy, after throwiny a heavy shower of Froim wliat height of power lias England been bombs and Congreve rockets, advanced kurl'd,

their columns on my right and left, to storm By th’exanıple these Yankees have shewn to the my entrenchments. I cannot speak sufworld;

ficiently in praise of the firmness and deWhat a blow to our greatness, low humbled our liberation with which my whole line repride,

ceived their approach--more could not To be beaten by those we so often defed ;

be expected from veterans inured to war. Theirident ot Neptune, our glory and boast, For an hour the fire of the small arms was by injustice, and weakness, tur ever is lost, incessant and severe as can be imagined. Could our forefathers know, could they rise from The artillery, too, directed by others

who displayed equal skill and courage, And behold that their sons can submit to be did great execution. Yet the columns of slaris ;

the enemy continued to advance with a That the country, for which so much blood has been firmness which reflects upon them the sheit,

greatest credit. Twice the column which Is now goveru'd by those whom Curruptiora has approached me on my left was repulsed, bied ;

by the troops of General Carroll, those With what icelings indignant their bosons would of Gen. Coffee, and a division of Ken.

tucky militia,and twice they formed again With will grief they would see we were talleu su and renewed the assault. At length, howlow,

ever, cut to pieces, they fled in confusion And are we so fallen, so regardless of shaine, from the field, leaving it covered with As lo lamely submil to the loss or our famne?

their dead and wounded. The loss which Is the spirit of Britons becunse so depress’ul ? the enemy sustained on this occasion, tre those sculiments lust, our forefaldiers possessid? cannot be estimated at less than 1500 in Shall we never awake, 'till vur roin is seald ? killed, wouuded and prisoners. Upwards Canlle wounds of our Country never be heal'd ?

of 300 have already been delivered over Oh! let us areri, whilst we're able, the storin,

for burial; and my men are still engaged And abulisti Corruption, by peaceful REFORM;

in picking them up within my lines and Let the voice of the people be rais d ibrough the carrying them to the point where the laud,

eneny are to receive them. This is in And our Rulers muse grant what we firnıly demand;

addition to the dead and wounded whom Let us cell them the Righis that to Britons are due,

the enemy have been enabled to carry That the Many no more will be slaves to the Few.

from the field during and since the action, and to those who have since died of

the wounds they received. We have AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.

taken about 500 prisoners, upwards of

300 of whom are wounded, and a great General Jackson's Account of the Ope- part of them mortally. My loss bas not rations at New Orleans.

ed to 70 killed and as many wounded.

The entire destruction of the enemy's Copy of a Letter from Majer-General army was now inevitable, bad it not been Jackson to the Secretary of War dated for an unfortunate occurrence which Camp, four miles below Orleans, 9th at this moment took place on the other

side of the river. Simultaneously with Jan. 1815.

S18--During the days of the 6th, and his advance upon my lines he had thrown 7th, the eneiny had been actively employ- side of the river. These having landed,

over in his boats à force to the other ed in making preparations for an attack on my lines. With intinite labour they the works of Gen. Morgan; and, what

were hardy enough to advance against had succeeded, on the night of the 7th, is strange and difficult to account for, in getting their boats across the lake to Hoe river by widening and deepening the comfiture was looked for with a conti

at the very moment when their entire disa

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