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" great deal had been done to promote ground for our making war upon that * the happiness of nations, and if Bon- nation, or on the successful rival of the

aparte was not suffered to intercept present rulers.--Lord CASTLEREAGH's " the prospects which were arising, never language does not amount to a declara“ could Europe look forward to bright- tion, that we shall be plunged into a war

er days than Hose which it might now against Napoleon, if he should be placed “ anticipato. The noble lord sat down upon the throne; and, I am very glad, "amidst loud applause."--Here is a good that it does not, but, I wish it had been deal to remark upon; but, here is no plain in the negative; for, I am fully AXSWER to Mr. WHITBREAD'S ques- convinced, that such a war would be tion. He asked, whether Napoleon's the most calamitous that we ever saw, complaint was just ? whether the treaty drawing into it, as I am sure it would, a of Fontainblrar bad not been violated? war with America, or the instant ruin of whether the pension had not gone un- our trade and commerce, which, though paid ? whether a plan was not in agitation the nation could exist without them, are, to remove him from Elba? This, none of at this time necessary to enable us to all this, was answered by Ld. CASTLE- pay the taxes absolutely necessary to REAGH, who contented himself with giv- discharge the interest of the Debt. ing an opinion, that Napoleon and the Only think of a new war in the present Bourbons between them held in their situation of our finances ! Only think of hands the power of making England an annual expense of more than 100 happy or miserable for ages, perhaps, to millions sterling! If Napoleon attacks us. come. This is comfortable, to be sure; If he attempts to injure England, let us båt, it is no answer to Napoleon's Pro- fight him as long as we have the means clamation.-Well, but, Spain? What did of purchasing powder and ball. But, if his lordship say about Spain ?-Mr. he is ready to live in peace with us; peace WHITBBEAD bad complained of the con- and friendship with him and bis people duct of Ferdinand : and what was the let us have. ----Perhaps all this reasoning answer of Lord Castlereagh? why this, and all this protesting may be rendered as the reports in the newspapers say: - wholly unnecessary by the events which " The noble lord then briefly alluded to will be announced to us, long before this " the affairs of Spain, and contended, paper will go to the press; but, as the " that painful and disgusting as the pro-Cossack writers had begun to cry out

ceedings of one party in that country for war beforehand; I think it right to were against the other, we had no cry out for peace beforehand.

right to call that government to ac- It is now Wednesday afternoon, and we count for its proceedings. He had are told, that Napoleon was at AUTUN

every reason to suppose, that the on Thursday, the 16th instant, in spite

Spanish goverument wished to cherish of all the forces in his front and in his " a friendly connection with this coun- rear. It is now said, that he has 15,000

try; nor was there any reason to sus- men after all the desertions from his 8 or pect, that what was called the family 9,900! He is a strange man indeed !

compact, at least in its offensive parts, - This clearly proves, that there is no “ would be renewed with France. Look- reliance to be placed in the newspaper “ ing then, generally, at the foreign rela- accounts. According to these accounts “ tions of the country, he thought them more than 100,000 regulars, besides na"highly satisfactory.”-Very good, my tional guards and volunteers, were on lord; and, I beseech you, let us äpply foot in pursuit of him more than ten days the same doctrine to France. Let us not ago; and yet he proceeds without a sintalk of war against Napoleon, while he gle slot being fired at him!-A short gives no proof of hostility towards us. time will put an end to all speculation, . I grant, that the re-establishment of the

Thursday afternoon, The Inquisition in Spain is no ground for our great question is doided. Napoleon has going to war with Ferdinand; no ground entered Paris without a single shot being for our interfering in the domestic affairs fired, except in the way of rejoicing, or of that country; but, then, I hope, that the least opposition sliewn to his resumpyou will be pleased to grant me, in return, tion of all his former power and dignity. that the change of rulers in France, if His whole journey has, in fact, been a sucb change should take place, is no triumpli.---Every where he was greeted

with acclamations, not only by the mili- \ rising power and greatness; for the base tary, but by the inhabitants, men, wo- purpose of exciting hostile attempts men and children, All seem to have against her, even whea all hopes from considered his return a jubilee, as a de- this source failed, how often, and how liverance from some rerrible calamity, as anxiously did they endeavour to create the greatest of blessings which could be a civil war in that country, by the unconferred on any people. The hopes principled and insidious advice which of those men of blood, who were conti- they gave the Bourbons, to withdraw dent that Napoleon could not reach their contidence from those men, who the capital, but over the slaughtered alone were distinguished for talents, and bodies of the National Guards, have been upon whom only the nation could rely for ever blasted. Even the household in the bour, of danger.' The seeming roops of the unfortunate Louis," the tens tranquillity, which was about to diffuse of thousands of Volunteers who assembled itseif

' over Europe, had disappointed the sound him; and the “lives and fortune sanguinary hopes of these men of blood;

men,” who swore that they would spend but these feelings were not eradicated, lieir last shilling, and shed the last drop They were only put aside as a reserve, of their blood in defence of his person to be ready, when an opportunity ocand government. These all deserted bin, carerd, of being again brought into action. and rendered homage to the man whom The return of Napoleon, iliey now coniliey had; only a few moments before, de- sider that opptunity; and instead of uqu.ced a ribel and a traitor. Napo- uniting with thirty milions of people leon will know how to estimate the lovalty in barling an'event, which, if the soveof these supporters of “ ancient insei- reigns of Europe studied ibeir true in"tutions.”---It is to the people that lie terests, might be rendereri conducive 10 cwes everything. It was the people general happiness,tliey hold it up 10 view who at brst called bim to the throne of in no ollier ligli ihan as a signal to uriFrance. It is the voice of i!ie people, sheath the sword, io replunge this colitihow more united and fervent than ever, try iniw all the burrors et interminalile whicli re-echoes that call; and as long as war, and io draw the allied püller's into he reļains a fira hold of'ileir afections, a new union, singilar to that jaial union which he call oniy do by mahing their which was forned in the early part of happiness his principal care, 10 power on the revolution, which roused the whole carth, I am persunded, can shake the population of France, and enabled iliem: stability of his throia Never, indeer, so effectually to defeat ille projects, and in the whole hisivry of the world, was to iraille all neattewpis ofiktir inrautrs. there a monarch, with a competitor tor - The Curir, alridy anticipating ibe, the crow n' in possessions of ide capital, fruits of this, t) then, promisiliy harvest, who obtained the prize wiib:0 pruch exuilingly exclaims 1101 le shall have ease, was so cordially receiver, as Na- rtüson to lissilet delay in the marchs Join Open

ibas been, even by the trends of “ of vie Congress, which many were dis- . Ins rival.-Hili so many proofs of the "posel 10: bane. Had they jerminated,

lire dhe votion of a whole nativi, not $a- “ileir proceedings last Aulinn, the usfy ilie tiends ot war, thiwtihis wouders merorcha viould diale rtlurued some 1 l man is in reality thie sovereign of their “ Weir treops' would tare been reduced. choice? -What better evidence wouid 10 ilie" peace etwinti: liue'ni, und bei these wreiches have of the fact?- Or “Cowuétors of Paris wrudal lave lieen. rather, do they not shirt their exes against " in Poland, and in 3d, in Strait of all evidence? Do they cot consides war "in llungary. But ideyale collie Full their barvest, to bring about wbic they " war loving-ell rexei to'tit al cuce. Moulit sacritice every principles of LOBOR IN A FORTNIGHTS SHALL SES and of justice, if it'cull de soposer thing

THEM AGAIN ON THIS SIDS THE they pussess any:-wais le furgorien " HANE. Deeply therefore as tre regiet low cagerikey were, 'when they trong that iliis successtil mvasion of Pajalle, ile power of the Bourbons re-estabilidad, * Ne sme no reason to dispuna. to involve france in a new war wuleCapriscipled wiscreant!-- Are we to le piciglibours ?--fow they ilisuited wat roku, ate the terrible experience of a sve+22= gatlaut ration"; low tliey miléavourenty-five years of murderous war, tant a to sot the seeds of jealousy as tu trer les éval of it is a blissing ?" Is it possible

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to look at the state of our own country, the objects with which his mind were (to say nothing of other states) reduced employed. He felt that he had not yet by war to the verge of brinkruptcy, and one encug: tor France. She had claims shut out from abost every other nation upon him which it was his inperious dury as a napufacturing and commercial pec- to discharge. lie prsi events of his ple; is in possible, lash, to contempralt life might bave served .: to print a moral, so gloomy and deploralle å pulciure, and or acorn a tale;" but he wished to : yet“ noi see reason 10 depond,” in the occupy ibe more dignifiedi page of history; prospect which ihe return of hostilities he was desireus to ensurt ile suffrages of opens to our view? Have the berlusu- posterity boy deeds rather than by words; ite's of the Courier alich the Times to!)- a vast tieki ir action opened before him. templated the inils ulits that is Where lie has embarked luis all, his valour, against us! Wraz we entered upon the thin sivil, los dainis to tle homage of a late war with Framt, hen ti anies were gitat bütòn; there be will refuie all the deraligeri, an insedie load of delt lung calumnies which bis enemies have heaped round her neck, indi her armies were in upou kim; and there, I, for one, mest a state vi disebe dizained. Our finances, tervently bope, le will render Line on the contrato, litre m their vigour, our seif worthy of the high ciestiny 10 debi triting, compared to what it is bon, which he has been called, by cuinating and cur varal and military, force in habits of peace amongst liis subjects.the bigliest sate or diseiplue. orance It has been with feelings of sincere l'elas come out of the contest renovatet'; gret that I llave observed an access of we have retired, ruined in our columnerit, Louis Vuil,

" to the French arh.," ruined in our manutacitire:, anjel ruined in which that unfortunate Monard stenis in our finalices. 'Ile waliviai bebi ci| 10 have wished 10 üitach ile military to Ilance biz deeu swept away. Our liais bois iniciails, by the stars of a civa vär, encitased tulie fearful amount of one and a foreign invasion. “ 'I hiuk, (säys Thu visain Millions! lui 1732, it

les that if the enemy should iriunpli, only tuo hired cu liniy-bue millionis. cvil war wood imelialcly be kindred It is true, our treis üldömnies, järtli'l- anong:t us, and third at the very molarly slie lirieri ruraiced considerable " Wasl nore than 900,010 iureigners, sacers in the life cutest wild á ranee. “W203e urans I could no longer thaill, -lui, wall the fore e ne mbyle. " ould rusli from every site yo our 10 Luggastbiler, be suiveni to make "country.” This programatica llars to 20 32pit: s100 vje. sa delom in have beeil “ privieti irom the original in middle cuisition? What has 'thie fale " the king's win hand." Tulbül a low pause ist die besiile operations on the lebb must iliui Sovereiga's itair's have continent kell, bit it breathing period I been reured, wien die resortid io llaler Iranted a seried during wordt bersures of such a descripiin, mistead of alues haie leis CHONOL encheused, contiding in the loveliv of his people ; by ile reitin cider veteran ircops; and when he is.enatuli

inti the bosniacis lottat is otsus 1.4 de ex.!!seigles.ce to ker) ci 300,000 scissors, inice vi ivring during whicin that asiatieding genitis, ville jestle ui liis calize, and on the Wher Bon directa bera, bias noites divility of that 110.11, videi, li kiwi lie bied lisure tid couldet ibal follitica has ali aluag been ieling lis is suc, were soa, usliith clint eredd sim 10 abricate ready 10 aman 10 we Wir bin. his throne, biti tu es me up and bring to , ii ine illics should cons baie, niazurily polis turi te titreydery - 1:431 initnika i interest in tlie seilienient

femmy ci niemide is nikitobie bias vite internal Loverorient et toulil's bren called by ile sondern alle tillitia at this wildress of Louis bas proxiuendi nisi us voice si wi cimiring av gravid i vat tiet. 'ine jete privil which Naper.pie. Heitit 101 twat lie liesi leo vitsord has lici with, his banisticu fruni cene congleat air inicire, iu tlie istce my mixi ariilica of a civil war in that deoi" kita; wal die land great all inta vs babil cowry; but I cannot conceal aguin appearing is a puble character cani apare diersions, that the language of the theatre olie vorlil, and that lie Luvis may be regarded by the enemies of Ocupredlis ler. ure jours there, by arii proieuri, as an invitation agamu io atng a history of his evenisu liie.-ren snipe the subversion of his power, üniel Julefcat i uced, it is ppears, wcie tazelindle-the fames of war in Europe.

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I see that Louis XVIII. on the 19th inst. , has consigned to its deserved fate, we officially announced to “ the foreign found it impossible to answer the un“ Ministers at Paris," that it was his in- ceasing demands of the allies, without tention to repair to Lille, where he resorting to public loans, the interest of hoped to meet " the members of the which imposed new and overwhelming “ diplomatic body accredited at his taxes not only upon this generation, but “ court.” Is it intended at this meet-upon all generations to come. ing to arrange with the foreign Ministers able then, in the event of another twenty a plan for the entrance of the “ 300,000 years war, to bear the burdens which " foreigners” into France? Have the must atteud it? Is the monied interest, Bourbons already forgot, that it as they call themselves, sufficiently rich owing to measures of this description to advance seven or eight hundred milLouis XVI. was dethroned, and ulti-lions to ministers, as was done during mately lost his life? Looking to the past, the last war, for the "glorious deliverI cannot anticipate a more favourable re- "ance”of the countries of Europe ?-And sult to this new attempt upon France, if are the people prepared to pay those such an aitempt is really in contempla- taxes, that must be levied, to meet the tion, than that which took place, when all interest which such an enormous expenEurope combined marched its numerous diture will occasion ?— These are quesarmies into that territory, for the avowed tions which ought to be solved, and that purpose of regulating its internal Govern satisfactorily, before this nation again ment. If experience has placed at the allow itself to be dragged into a conhead of the allied forces more able com- test, the only object of which, according manders, France has, in this respect, to our corrupt newspapers, is to restore been, at least, equally benefitted---Na- Louis the 18th, to the throne of France, poleon himself is more than a match for and to destroy that man, who is already any General in Europe; and although restored by the unamious consent of the some of his Marshals have abandoned French people. him, there are many, who continue attached to his cause, fully capable of DECLARATIONS OF THE EMPEROR taking the field with every probability of

NAPOLEON TO THE French Pgosuccess. Then consider the spirit with which the French soldiers must now be FLE AND THE ARMY. animated; the enthusiasm with which the return of Napoleon has inspired them. This of itself is sufficient to conduct

Bay of Juan, March 1, 1813. them to any enterprize into which he NAPOLEON, by the grace of God and might lead them; but when there is the constitution of the Empire, Emperor added to this the “ love of country," the of the French. &c. &c. &c, fame which inspires every patriot when

TO THE FRENCH PEOPLR. the territory which gave bim birth is trodden by a foreign foe; when this noble FRENCHMEN!—The defection of the feeling is mixed up with that ardent Duke of Castiglione delivered


Lyons, personal affection, which the soldiers of without defence, to our enemies; the France entertain for the man who led army of which I confided in him the them to so many victories, I cannot en-command, was by the number of its tcriain a doubt as to the termination of battalions, the bravery and patriotism of the contest.--But should this country, the troops which composed it, fully able notwithstanding all these considerations, to beat the Austrian corps opposed to still seek a war with France, where are it, and to get into the rear of the left we to tind thie means of keeping in our wing of the enemy's army, which threatpay, those iminense foreign armies, those ened Paris. The victories of Champ ** 300,000 foreigners" with which Louis Aubert, of Montmirail, of Chateau the desired menaced his enemies, anılThierry, of Vauchanp, of Mormans, which, it is necessary we should keep con- of Montereau, of Craone, of Rheims, stantly in our pay, if we seriously intend of Arcy-sur-Aube, and of St. Dizier; 10 wage war until we finally overthrow (the rising of the brave peasants of LorNapoleon ?--Even with the Property Tax, raine, of Champagne, of Alsace, of which the ananimou s voice of the nation Franche Comte and of Bourgoin, and the

from its magazines. Cofrwng in pack is the seas in the must ut dangeroo ofrecuente

position which I had taken on the rear cused my long slumber ; you reproached of the enemy's army, by separating it me for sacrificing to my repose the great

of interests of the country. I have crossed reserve,

convoy and all its equipages, bad placed it in a desperate kind: I arrive amongst you to resume situation. The French were never on the my rights, which are your's. All that point of being more powerful, and the individuals have done, written, or said, flower of the enemy's army was lost siuce the capture of Paris, I will be for without resource: it would have found ever ignorant of: it shall not at all inits grave in those vast countries which it fluence the recollections which I preserve had mercilessly ravaged, when the trea of the important services which they son of the Duke of Ragusa, gave up the have performed. Z bese are circunicapital, and disorganized the army. The stances of such a nature as to be above unexpected conduct of those two Gene- human organization. Frenchmen ! There rals, who betrayed at once their coun- is no nation, however small it may be, try, their Prince, and their benefactor, which has not liad the right, and which changed the destiny of the war. The may not withdraw itsel from the disdisastrous situation of the enemy was grace of obeying a Prince imposed on it such, that at the conclusion of the affair by an enemy momentarily victorivus. which took place before Paris, it was li ben Charles VII. re-entered Paris, and without aminunition, on account of its overibrew the epliemerai tlirone of Henry separation from its parks of reserve. V. he ackuowledged that he held huis Under these new and important circum- throne from the valour of his heroes, and stances, my heart was rent, but my soul not from a Prince Regent of England. renained unshaken. I consulted only It is thus that to you alune, and i the the interest of the country. I exiled brave men of the army, l accountii, and myselt on a rock in the middle of the shail always account it, ny glory to uwe sea. My life was, and ought to be, still every thing. By the Liuperur, useful to you. I did not permit the

(Signed) great pumber of citizens, who wished to

NAPOLEON. 3cconi pany me, to partake my lot. I The Grand Marshal performing the thought their presente useful to Frauce; fuuctions of Major-General of the Uraud. and I took with me only a handful of Army. (Sigued) Count BERTRAND. brave men, necessary for my guard. Raised to the Throne by your choice, all ibat lias been done without you is Gulf of Juan, March 1, 1815. illegitimate.. For twenty-five years France bas liad new interests,

NAPOLEON, by the grace of God and institutions, and pew glory, which could the Constitution of the Empire, Emperor only be secured by a nauonal Govern- of the French, &c. &c. &c. ment, and by a Lynasty created under

TO THE ARMY. these new circumstances. A Prince who should reign' over you, who should

SOLDIERS! We were not conquered ; be sealed on my throne by the power of two men risen from our ranks betrayed those very arnies which ravaged our our laurels, iheir country, weir trince, territory would in vain attempt to sup:

their benefacter. Those whoin during pert birself with the principles of feudal twenty-five years we have seen traversing làw: he would not be able to recover all Europe iw rulze up enemies against us ; the hovour and the rights of more who isave pas.ed their lives w fighting tban: a- small number of individuals, against us in the ranks of foreign armies, enemies of the people, who, for inen- Cursing our tire france; shall they prety-five years, have condemned: them lend w Command and conticul our ir alt our national assemblies. Your eagles, on which they have not darest tranquillity at bome, and your conse- ever to look ? Shall we endure that they queno e abroad, would be lost for ever:- should inherit the fruits of our glorious breveamen ! 11. my exile I heard your tabours-liat- they slivuid clotte tivemcomplaints and your wishes :: you de- selves wit la our honous and our goods--Wanded that Boverumeut of your choice that they should calunniaie our glory? wheeló als Tief was lewitimetr. Yett a-11 tliet svih claius euutinue, all would


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