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be lost, even the memory of those im-, interest, your honour, and your glory. mortal days. With what fury do they Victory shall march at the charge step; pervert their very nature. They seck to the eagle, with the national colours, shall poison what the world admires: and if | Hy from steeple to steeple,evea to the towthere still remain any defenders of our ers of Notre Dame. Then you will be able glory, it is among those very enemies to shew your scars with honour; then

you whom we have fought on the field of bat- will be able to glory in what you have tle. Soldiers, in my exile, I heard your done; you will be the deliverers of the voice: I have arrived through all ob- country. In your old age, surrounded stacles and all perils ; your General, and esteemed by your fellow citizens, they called to the throne by the choice of the will bear you with respect while you repeople, and educated under your banners, count your high deeds; you will be able is restored to you: come and join him. to say with pride:-"And I, too,was part Tear down those colours which the nation of that grand army, which entered twice has proscribed, and which for 25 ye?rs the walls of Vienna, those of Rome, of served as a rallying signal to all the enemies Madrid, of Moscow; and which deliverof France : mountile cockade tri-colour: ed Paris from the foul plot which treayou bore it in the days of our greatness. So, and the presence of the enemy, imHe must tryci that we have been mas- printed on it." Ilovoured be those brave ters of nations; but we must not suffer soldiers, 'the glory of the country; and any to intermedille in our affairs. Who eternal shame to those guilty frenchmen, shall presume to be masters over us? | in whatever rank fortune caused them to Hi ho vould have the power? Recover be born, who fought for 25 years with those cagles which you had at Ulm, at the foreigner, to tear thie bosom of the Austerlitz, at Jena, at Eylau, at Friceland, country. By the Emperor, at udel, at Lehmuhl, at Essling, al Magram, at Snjoleasko, at Moscow, at

(Signed) NAPOLEON. Luizen, at Furken, at Montmirail. Do The Grand Marshal performing the funcyou think that the handful of Freachmen,

tions of Majcr-General of the Grand who are now so arrogant, will endure to


BERTRAND. look on them ? They shall return whence they came, and there if they please they shall reign as they pretend to have reigned during 19 years. Your possessions, Declaration of Ilis Majesty the Emperor your rank, your glory, the possessions, the

of the French, to the French, and parrank, the giory of your children, have no greater ebemies than those Princes whom

ticularly to the Parisians. foreigners have inposed upon us; they After an abdication, the circumstances are the enemies of our glory, because the of which you are acquainted with; after recital of so nrany heroic actions, which a Treaty, all the articles of which have bave glorified the people of France fight- been violated; after having seen my reing against them, to withdraw themseives treat penetrated by numerous assassins, Tieu their yoke, is their condemnation. all sent by the Bourbons; after having seen 'Flie veierais of the armies of the Sambre tie Freach Ministers intriguing at Vienand the Neuse, of the Rhine, of Italy, of na, to wrest from me the asylum to which igypt, of the West, of the Grand Army, I was redaced, and to take froin my wife

e all humiliated: their honourable and son the States which had been guaTieunds are disgraced; tlieir successes ranteed to them; from that son, whose were crimes; these lieroes were relsels, if, birth inspired you with so lively a joy, ajille eweries of the people, the legitimate and who ought to have been to all the overeiges were in the midst of the fo- Sovereigns a sacred pledge. All these regio armies. Honours, rewards, affection attempts made in violation of plighted i re given to those who have served against faithi, bave restored me to my throne and the country and us. Soldiers ! come and my liberty. Frenchmen! soon I shall be hange yourselves under the standards of in my Capital. I come surrounded by your Chiet; his existence is only compos- my brave breilren in arms-after having ed of yours; his rights are *.*7 those of delivered our Provinces of the South, and the people and yours ;

his erest, his ny good city of Lyons from the reign of honour, liis lary, are no other than your l'anaticism, which is that of the Bourbons.

reina of

Fifteen days have sufficed nie to unite Countersigned, The General of Division these faithful warriors, the honour 01 BERTRAND, Grand Marshal of the France : and before the 30th of this Palace, exercising the functions of Secremonth, your happy Emperor, the Sovetary of State.

your choice, will put to fright those slothsal Princes who wish to render you tributary to foreigners, and the con- Mr. COPBETT--I have observed for iempi of Livrope. France shall still be some time past a series of letters in your the happiest country in the world. The Journal on Religious Persecution, by a French shall still be the Great Nation--- | persou signing himself ErasMUS PÈRParis shall again become the Queen of King, whose writings I consider partiCities, as well as tlie seat of sciences and cularly dangerous. I have no fault to the arts.

In concert with you I will find with bis arguments agujast persecutake measures, in order that the State tion, because I dicen it perfectly inconmay be governed constitutionally, and sistent with the genuine spirit of christhai a wise liberty may never degenerate tianity; por do I object to the various into licentiousness, I will mitigaie, to illusiratious he has 10!3dit forward in the sati-faction of all, those imposts be support of his favourite positions ; but I come odious, which the BOURCONS gave think his articles have a nischievous you their princely word, they would tendency, inespuch as they are tincture: sbolist under the litle of Droits Reunis, with a profession of religion, when they and which they have re-established under are evidently aimed at the very fouridae the title of indirect impositions. Pro- tion of it. This writer stands belsind perty shall be without distinction re- the bastions of the Church, and is at spected and sacred, as well as individual the same time discharging his artillery liberty. The general tranquillity shall against her, by artiully directing your Le constantly the object of my efforts; readers to the perusal of almost every commerce; ouir flourishing manufac- sceptical writer who has flourished since tures; and agriculture, which under my the birth of our Saviour. The princizat reigu attaised so bigli a prosperiiy, shall reason of my troubling you with this is that be relieved from the enormous imposto I have lately sien a new monthly maguwith which an ephemeral Government zine advertised, in most of the Country have burdened them. Every thing shall papers, under the title of, “THE THEOLe restored to ortier; and the clissipatioLOGICAL INQUIRE," and purportof the Finances of the State to gratity ing to be conducied by a person of lle luxury of the Court, shall be imme- the same name as your hypocritical corliately redressed. No vengeauce.--It is respondiert; a circumstance that has tár from my heart; the BOURBONS bare deterred me from becoming a sul:scriber, set a price on nay leal, and I pariv.: as I could not form a hiru opinion of a iliem.If they fall into my porer, I will religious Journal under the controul of protect them; I will deliver them to their such a man as Eramus Perkins, who Sies, if they wish it, or to that foreign appears, if I may judge frova the gene al conniry where their Chief has already tenor of his le tcrs, to be a decided areniy Teigneri nineteen years, and where lie to revealed region, notwithstanding be may continue his glorious reign. To so cllen makes tise of the phrase, this my vengeance is limited. le calm,“ kollision."--I shall feel myself pro Parisians; and you, National Guards ticularly igal, if any of your reailers of that noble Ci:y--you who have al- will give rae conitet information code ready rendered such great services.--- Subject; ut if they are ignorat of the you who, but for treason, would have identity of the persons, they may pero been enabled to defend it for some hours bep: be able in acquaint me; iluoghite Luger, against those Allies who were read; medium of your legister, with the constly from France. Continue to protect plexion of the work, which will, of course, property and civil liberty; then you will guirlo me in forming a jridgnitat as to have deserved well of your Country and how far it is worthy my support. of your Emperor.-From my Imperial General Head-quarters, Bourgoing,

I am, &c. Alarch 8, 1815, (Signiert)

Verax. NAPOLEON Sie mitlul, march, 2015, 1815.

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in their infancy, solaced in the busy prime
of life, and soothed in their decliving

years. $1R,--Your zealous endeavours to pre

Tuesday, March, 21st. 1815. vent the few from oppressing the many, embolden me to apply to you on the present occasion; and however your atten- REFORM, WAR AND TAXES. tion may be occupied by weightier matters, I tlatter myself you will not refuse

Mr. COBBETT.-Nothing can be more a small portion of your paper, to my serviceable to the cause of Reform, than remarks. Whether the means adopted the passing of the Corn Bill, tlrough the by Government for the last few years,

House of Commons. The direct oppo

sition which innumerable petitions have have been beneficial or injurious to the

received cannot fail to impress the minds country, I will not pretend to determine. of the people with the necessity of radical Certain it is, that money must be raised alterations in the constitution of the for the exigencies of the state ; and Mr. Commons' House of Parliapient. The Vansittart has considered that men free people can never forget it. And in all from the expenses attendant upon a fa- the county meetings, when speaking of

reform, (and every political and religious mily, can best afford to contribute to this evil relates to it) we must never forget purpose. --Is this a sufficient cause for the to produce this jact, in order to shew 10 sarcasms now directed against women ?-- the people, the importance of a true reTheir foibles are exposed and ridiculed, presentation, annually assembled. It and their respectability lesseued, by at which the public will easily understand,

will be a plain and irresistible argument, tacks, which, but for their frequency and acknowledge. Whenever I think would be undeserving of notice.-That about reform, and constitution, and listate of life which enables us to confer, berty, I cannot help thinking about

America. as well as to receive happiness, will na

This is the land of freedom,

not false adulterate freedom, but freedom turally be preferred to one of unsocial, in the genuine sense of the word, civil though tranquil satisfaction. Nor need and religious; and it is to America we the avowal of this preference, raise a must look for the model of a good, free blush on any check.--Yet am I persuaded, and cheap government. With what from my own experience, that two thirds scorn and contempt did we speak of this

noble republic, but a very little time of those distinguished by the appellation and now this same contemptible republic,

ago, of old maids, one it to their filial duty, victorious by land and sea, stands upon to their prudence, or to their rectitude of a prouder eminence that all the other principle. --Bachelors, when they ex- nations of the world put together! claim against the present tax, forget that What a pity it is, that we should have

thus exposed ourselves to the ridicule of they do not, like the Father of a family, all the world.—Whigs and Tories, all present to their country a numerous and were for the American war, tho' obactive race, to adorn and to defend it; viously one of the most unjust that this nor do they, like women, add to the country ever, entered into. The treaty sum of domestic happiness, by those at- is ratitied; the war itself is over, but the

effects of this war, are not over, and will tentions which soothe the wretched, and

never be over, as long as the world lasts assist tlie helpless. Let them then re- There is no event of so much consejoice at the opportunity now afforded quence to our country. I think America them of proving their patriotism ; and will henceforth be the arbiter of all

other nations. All other nations must let not those, at least, among them, who

keep their eyes upon America; and all lave a mother or a sister to respect, in- , the lovers of freedom must remember sult that sex by whom they are succoured | the republic. You are the only publis

writer who has taken a just and mas- | contracting parties the several islands Ising within terly view of this subject; and you were

the said river, lakes, and water communications perfectly right in following your own du respectively belong, in conformity with the true judgment, and in not taking the advice intent of the said treaty of 1788. And both par. of those who wrote to you to desist. ties agree to consider such designation and decision The government and people of this coun

as final and conclusive. And in the event of the try are not yet aware of the consequences said iwo Commissioners difering, or both, or of this war against free men; and Napo- either of them, refusing, declining. or wiltully leon's return is calculated to absorb all omitting to act, such reports, declarations or state. attention for the present. If war should ments, shujl be made by them, or either of them, be revived against France, will the peo- and such reference to a friendly sovereign or state ple of England be ready to petition shall be made ju all respects as in the latter part against it as they did against the Pro- of the 4th article is contained, and in as full a perty Tax, wbieh tax was only the effect manner as if the sanie was herein repeated. of the war? A short time will determine Art. 7. It is further agreed that the said ivo this and many other questions. Let the last-mentioned Commissioners, aties they shall people remember that the war is the cause have executed the duties assigned 10 idei in llie of the taxes; that if the war is renewed, preceding article, stall be, and they are here try taxes must be collected; the debt will authorised, upon their oathis impartially 10 fix and increase every day, and fresh taxes must determine according in the true intent of the said be levied to meet the increasing interest Treaty of Pence, of 1783, tha: port of the bounof the debt. It is foolish and absurd to darg between the dominions of the iwo powers, petition against taxes, and not to peti- which extends trom the water communication bę tion against the cause of the taxes. Iween lalie Huron and like Superior, 10 the most Your's &c. G. FORDHAM.

north-western point of the lake of the Woods, lo

decide to which of thic to parties the several Sandon, March 20th, 1815.

islands lying in the lakes, water commur.ications, and rivers, furning the said boundary, do respere

Lively blong, in conformity with the true intent AMERICAN DOCUMENTS.

of the said trealy of peace, "of 1783, and le

cause such parts of the said boundary, as require it, Treaty of Peace between his Britannic to be surveyed and marked. The said CommissionMajesty and the United States of lands and seals, designate the boundary aforesaid,

ers shall, hy a report or declaration under their Amerisa.

slate their decision on the points thus referred to Continned from Page 359.) them, and particularize the latitude and longirude ihrough the quiddle of said lake until it arr ves at of the most north-western point of the lake of the the water communication into the “ Lake Iluron, Woods, and of such other parts of the said bouge fbence througħ the middle of said lake lo the dary as they may deem proper. Aut both parties waler cominúnication between Niat Jake and leke agree to consider such designating and decision as Superior," And whereas doubts have ariem, what anal and conclusive. And, in the event of the was the iniddle of said river, lakes, and water said iwo Comiuissioners ditlering, or bou, or eitlige communications, and whether certain islands lying of thieru refusing, declining, or willutly oniitting in the same were within the dominiony of his Lii- to aci, such resorts, declarations, or statements, tannic Majesty os of the United States : ln order, shall be made by them, or either of thein, and therefore, finally to decide these doubis, they shall such referece 10 a friendly suvercise (8 state. be referred to two Conruissioners, to be appointed, shall be made in all respects as in the latter paire **orn and authorised to act exacily in the manner dia of the fourli ariicle is colitaineil, and in as jull rected, with respect to those mentioned in the next a manner as if the same was herein repeated. preceding article, unless otherwise speci!ied in this Art. 8. The several boards of iw. Combissione present article. The said Commissioners shall ers mentioned in the four preceding articles, siiall neet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the state of respectively liave power to appoint a secretary, Now York, and shall have power 10 adjourn and to employ such surveyors or other persons as 1o such other place or places as they shall think fit : they shall judge necessary. Duplicatus of all their The said Commissioners sball, by a report, or decla- respective reports, declaratious, staienjenis and ration, under their hands and seals, designate the decisions, and of their accounts, and of the jour. boundary through the said river, lakes, and water rials of their proceedings, shall be delivered by communicativas, and decide to which of the 'wo them to the agents of his Britannic Majesiy, and

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b to the agents of the United States, who inay

such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all tespectively appointed and authorised to manage

costilities against his Britannic Mnjesis, et lois the business on behalf of their respective govern- ubjects, upon he ratification of the present treaty ments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively being notified to such wibes or nations, and shalt so paid in such manner as shall be agreed between die desist accordingly.

Art, 10. Whereas thie traffic ju slaves is irre. two contracting parties, such agree:nant being to he we'iled at the time of the exchange of the ratifi concileable wird ihe principles of humanity and cntions of this treaty. And all other expenses a.

justice, and whereas both his Majesty aid the rending the sait Commissioners sha!' be defr-vart United States are desirous of continuing the 'ir efequally by timo parties. And in case of dearli, torts to promote iis entire abolition, it is hereby sickness, resignation, or neregwary absence, the agreed that boili che contracting parries shall use place of every such Commissioner respectively their best endeavours to accomplisda so desirable "shall be supplied in the same manner as such Com

an object. mi-sioner was appointed, and the new Cornuissioner

Art. 11. This treaty, when the same shall have

been ratified on both sides. williput alteration shall take the sanıc oath or affiripation, and do the same duties. Ii is further agreed Letween tie by either of the contracting parties, and the rai #110 cou'racting parties, that in case any of the fications mulually exchanged, shall be binding i laulls me sjoner in any of the preceding articles,

on both parties; and the rarittications whall, which were in the possessiop of one of the parties be exchanged at Washington, in the space of tuur

months froin this day, or sooner it practicabiv. prior to the commencement of the present

Tu faith whereof, we the respective Plenipoten* between the iwo countries, should, by the decision of any of the Boarcis of Commissioners aforesaid, tiaries liave signed this treaty, and have thereun:

affixed our seals. or of the sovereign or state so referred 10, as in the

Done in triplicate, at Ghent, the 24th day of four next preceding articles contained, fall within

December, 1814. the dominions of the other pariy, all grants of land made previous to the commencement of the

(L. S.) GAMDIER, (L. S.) HENRY GOULboRN. war, hy the pariy having liad such possession, (1. S.) WILLIAM Adams, (L.S.) JOHN Quincy sliall be as ralid as if such island or islauois, haud Adams, (...S.) J. A. BAYARD, H. Clay, (L. S.) by such decision or decisions, been adjuriyed to be Jona. Russell, (LS) ALBERT GALLAZIN. within the dominions of the party having liad such

Now, therefore, to the end that the said possession. Art. 9. The United States of America engage served, with good faith on the part of

treaty of peace and amity may be obto put an end innertiately after the ratification of the United States, i, James Madison, the present treaty to hostilities will all the tribes or nations of Indians, with whom they may be premises to be made public; and 1. do

president as aforesaid, have caused the Et war at the time of such ralification ; ad forth

hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, with to restore to such tribe or nations, respectively; civilor military, within the United States, all the possessions, rights and privileges, which and all others, cititens or inhabitants they may have ev:joyed or been entiiled to in 1811, thereof, or being within the same, faithprevious to such hostilities; provided always, tbat fully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, sich uribes or nurioms shall agree to desist from and every clause and article thereof,- In a'! hosilities, against the United States of Ame- testimony whereof, I Lave caused the rica, ibeir citizens and subjects, upon tlic ratifi- seal of the Uuited States to be affixed Cain of the pores ni treaty being notified to such to these presents, and signed the same tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly, with my band. Done at the City of

luis Britannic Majesty engages, on luis part, !o Washington, this eighteenth day of Feprit an end immediately atier the raification of bruary, in the year of our Lord one thoulhe present treaty, to hustilities with all the tribes sand cight limiüred and fifteen, and of or riations of Indians with whom he may be at the sovereigniy and independence of the war at the time of such ratification, and fortliwith United States ihe thirty-ninth. 10 resture to such tribes or alions, respectively,

JAMES MADISON, all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which they may have enjoyed or been entitled to, in 1811.

By the President, previous to such hostilities; provided always, thar JAMES MUNRO, Acting Secretary of State,

Printed and Published lay G. Houston: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to

Editor are reqpested to be tornardest.

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