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be lost, even the memory of those im- | interest, your honour, and your glory. mortal days. With what fury do they Victory shall march at the charge step; pervert their very nature. They seek to the eagle, with the national colours, shall poison what the world admires: and if fly from steeple to steeple, even to the towthere still remain any defenders of our ers of Notre Dame. Then you will be able glory, it is among those very enemies to shew your scars with honour; then you whom we have fought on the field of bat- will be able to glory in what you have tle. Soldiers, in my exile, I heard your done; you will be the deliverers of the voice: I have arrived through all ob- country. In your old age, surrounded stacles and all perils; your General, and esteemed by your fellow-citizens, they called to the throne by the choice of the will hear you with respect while you repeople, and educated under your banners, count your high deeds; you will be able is restored to you: come and join him. to say with pride:-"And I, too,was part Tear down those colours which the nation of that grand army, which entered twice has proscribed, and which for 25 years the walls of Vienna, those of Rome, of served as a rallying signal to all the enemies Madrid, of Moscow; and which deliverof France: mount the cockade tri-colour: ed Paris from the foul plot which treayou bore it in the days of our greatness. so, and the presence of the enemy, imWe must forget that we have been mas-printed on it." Honoured be those brave ters of nations; but we must not suffer soldiers, the glory of the country; and auy to intermeddle in our affairs. Who eternal shame to those guilty Frenchmen, shall presume to be masters over us? in whatever rank fortune caused them to Who would have the power? Recover be born, who fought for 25 years with those eagles which you had at Ulm, at the foreigner, to tear the bosom of the Austerlitz, at Jena, at Eylau, at Friedland, country. By the Emperor, at Tudela, at Eckmull, at Essling, at Ragram, at Smolensko, at Moscow, at Lutzen, at Vurken, at Montmirail. Do you think that the handful of Freachmen, who are now so arrogant, will endure to look on them? They shall return whence they came, and there if they please they shall reign as they pretend to have reigned during 19 years. Your possessions, your rank, your glory, the possessions, the rank, the glory of your children, have no greater enemies than those Princes whom foreigners have imposed upon us; they are the enemies of our glory, because the recital of so many heroic actions, which have glorified the people of France fighting against them, to withdraw themselves from their yoke, is their condemnation. The veterans of the armies of the Sambre and the Meuse, of the Rhine, of Italy, of Egypt, of the West, of the Grand Army, we all humiliated: their honourable Wounds are disgraced; their successes were crimes; these heroes were rebels, if, as the enemies of the people, the legitimate Sovereigas were in the midst of the foreiga armies. Honours, rewards, affection ire given to those who have served against the country and us. Soldiers? come and ange yourselves under the standards of your Chief; his existence is only composed of yours; his rights are those of the people and yours; his erest, his honour, his glory, are no other than your



The Grand Marshal performing the func-
tions of Major-General of the Grand

Declaration of Ilis Majesty the Emperor of the French, to the French, and particularly to the Parisians. ·

After an abdication, the circumstances of which you are acquainted with; after a Treaty, all the articles of which have been violated; after having seen my retreat penetrated by numerous assassins, all sent by the Bourbons; after having seen the French Ministers intriguing at Vienna, to wrest from me the asylum to which I was reduced, and to take from my wife and son the States which had been guaranteed to them; from that son, whose birth inspired you with so lively a joy, and who ought to have been to all the Sovereigns a sacred pledge. All these attempts made in violation of plighted faith, have restored me to my throne and my liberty. Frenchmen! soon I shall be in my Capital. I come surrounded by my brave brethren in armss—after having delivered our Provinces of the South, and ny good city of Lyons from the reign of fanaticism, which is that of the Bourbons.

Fifteen days have sufficed me to unite these faithful warriors, the honour of France and before the 30th of this month, your happy Emperor, the Sove reign of your choice, will put to fight those slothful Princes who wish to render you tributary to foreigners, and the contempt of Lurope. France shall still be the happiest country in the world. The French shall still be the Great Nation--person Paris shall again become the Queen of Cities, as well as the seat of sciences and the arts. In concert with you I will take measures, in order that the State may be governed constitutionally, and that a wise liberty may never degenerate into licentiousness, I will mitigate, to the satisfaction of all, those imposts become odious, which the BOURDONS gave you their princely word, they would abolish under the title of Droits Reunis, and which they have re-established under the title of indirect impositions. Property shall be without distinction respected and sacred, as well as individual liberty. The general tranquillity shall be constantly the object of my efforts; commerce; our flourishing manufactures; and agriculture, which under my reign attained so high a prosperity, shall be relieved from the enormous posts with which an ephemeral Government have burdened them. Every thing shall be restored to order; and the dissipation LOGICAL INQUIRER," and purportof the Finances of the State to gratifying to be conducted by a person of the luxury of the Court, shall be imme-the same name as your hypocritical cordiately redressed. No vengeauce. It is respondent; a circumstance that has far from my heart; the BOURBONS have deterred me from becoming a subscriber, set a price on my head, and I pardon as I could not form a high opinion of a them. If they fall into my power, I will Religious Journal under the controul of protect them; I will deliver them to their such a man as Erasmus Perkins, who Alles, if they wish it, or to that foreign appears, if I may judge from the general country where their Chief has already tenor of his letters, to be a decided enemy reigned nineteen years, and where he to revealed religion, notwithstanding be may continue his glorious reign. To so often makes use of the phrase, this my vengeance is limited. He calm,"koly religion."--I shall feel myself perParisians; and you, National Guards ticularly obliged, if any of your readers of that noble City-you who have al- will give rae correct information on the ready rendered such great services subject; or if they are ignorant of the you who, but for treason, would have identity of the persons, they may perbeen enabled to defend it for some hours haps be able to acquaint me, though the 1 nger,against those Allies who were ready medium of your Register, with the comt by from France. Continue to protect plexion of the work, which will, of course, property and civil liberty; then you will guide me in forming a judgment as to have deserved well of your Country and how far it is worthy my support. of your Emperor.-From my Imperial I am, &c. General Head-quarters, Bourgoing, March 8, 1815.


66 027



Slefield, March, 20th, 1815.

Countersigned, The General of Division BERTRAND, Grand Marshal of the Palace, exercising the functions of Secretary of State.

Mr. COBBETT-I have observed for some time past a series of letters in your Journal on Religious Persecution, by a signing himself ERASMUS PERKINS, whose writings I consider particularly dangerous. I have no fault to find with his arguments against persecution, because I deem it perfectly inconsistent with the genuine spirit of christianity; nor do I object to the various illustrations he has brought forward in support of his favourite positions; but I think his articles have a mischievous tendency, inasmuch as they are tinctured with a profession of religion, when they are evidently aimed at the very foundation of it. This writer stands behind the bastions of the Church, and is at the same time discharging his artillery against her, by artfully directing your readers to the perusal of almost every sceptical writer who has flourished since the birth of our Saviour. The principal reason of my troubling you with this, is, that I have lately ste a new monthly magazine adverused, in most of the Country papers, under the title of, "THE THEO



in their infancy, solaced in the busy prime of life, and soothed in their declining years.

Tuesday, March, 21st. 1815.

SIR,--Your zealous endeavours to prevent the few from oppressing the many, embolden me to apply to you on the present occasion; and however your attention may be occupied by weightier matters, I flatter myself you will not refuse Mr. COBBETT.-Nothing can be more a small portion of your paper, to my serviceable to the cause of Reform, than remarks.Whether the means adopted the passing of the Corn Bill, through the by Government for the last few years, House of Commons. The direct opposition which innumerable petitions have have been beneficial or injurious to the received cannot fail to impress the minds country, I will not pretend to determine. of the people with the necessity of radical Certain it is, that money must be raised alterations in the constitution of the for the exigencies of the state; and Mr. Commons' House of Parliament. The Vansittart has considered that men free people can never forget it. And in all from the expenses attendant upon a fa- the county meetings, when speaking of reform, (and every political and religious mily, can best afford to contribute to this evil relates to it) we must never forget purpose.--Is this a sufficient cause for the to produce this fact, in order to shew to sarcasms now directed against women ?--- the people, the importance of a true reTheir foibles are exposed and ridiculed, presentation, annually assembled. It and their respectability lessened, by at-which the public will easily understand, will be a plain and irresistible argument, tacks, which, but for their frequency and acknowledge. Whenever I think would be undeserving of notice. That about reform, and constitution, and listate of life which enables us to confer, berty, I cannot help thinking about America. as well as to receive happiness, will naThis is the land of freedom, not false adulterate freedom, but freedom turally be preferred to one of unsocial, in the genuine sense of the word, civil though tranquil satisfaction. Nor need and religious; and it is to America we the avowal of this preference, raise a must look for the model of a good, free blush on any cheek.--Yet am I persuaded, and cheap government. With what from my own experience, that two thirds scorn and contempt did we speak of this of those distinguished by the appellation and now this same contemptible republic, noble republic, but a very little time ago, of old maids, one it to their filial duty, victorious by land and sea, stands upon to their prudence, or to their rectitude of a prouder eminence than all the other principle. Bachelors, when they ex- nations of the world put together!claim against the present tax, forget that What a pity it is, that we should have thus exposed ourselves to the ridicule of they do not, like the Father of a family, all the world.-WHIGS and Tories, all present to their country a numerous and were for the American war, tho' obactive race, to adorn and to defend it; viously one of the most unjust that this nor do they, like women, add to the country ever entered into. The treaty sum of domestic happiness, by those at- is ratified; the war itself is over, but the tentions which soothe the wretched, and effects of this war, are not over, and will assist the helpless. Let them then rejoice at the opportunity now afforded them of proving their patriotism; and let not those, at least, among them, who have a mother or a sister to respect, insult that sex by whom they are succoured

never be over, as long as the world lasts! There is no event of so much consequence to our country. I think America will henceforth be the arbiter of all other nations. All other nations must keep their eyes upon America; and all the lovers of freedom must remember the republic. You are the only publie


writer who has taken a just and masterly view of this subject; and you were perfectly right in following your own judgment, and in not taking the advice of those who wrote to you to desist. The government and people of this country are not yet aware of the consequences of this war against free men; and Napoleon's return is calculated to absorb all attention for the present. If war should be revived against France, will the people of England be ready to petition against it as they did against the Property Tax, which tax was only the effect of the war? A short time will determine this and many other questions. Let the people remember that the war is the cause of the taxes; that if the war is renewed, taxes must be collected; the debt will increase every day, and fresh taxes must be levied to meet the increasing interest of the debt. It is foolish and absurd to petition against taxes, and not to petition against the cause of the taxes.

Your's &c. G. G. FORDHAM. Sandon, March 20th, 1815.


Treaty of Peace between his Britannic
Majesty and the United States


said two Commissioners differing, or both, or either of them, refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to act, such reports, declarations or statements, shall be made by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly sovereign or state shall be made in all respects as in the latter part of the 4th article is contained, and in as full a manner as if the same was herein repeated,

Art. 7. It is further agreed that the said two last-mentioned Commissioners, after they shall have executed the duties assigned to them in the preceding article, shall be, and they are herchry authorised, upon their oaths impartially to fix and determine according to the true intent of the said Treaty of Peace, of 1783, that part of the boundary between the dominions of the two powers, which extends from the water communication be tween lake Huron and lake Superior, to the most north-western point of the lake of the Woods, to decide to which of the two parties the several islands lying in the lakes, water communications, and rivers, forming the said boundary, do respectively belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said treaty of peace, of 1783, and te cause such parts of the said boundary, as require it, to be surveyed and marked. The said Commissioners shall, by a report or declaration under their


hands and seals, designate the boundary aforesaid,

state their decision on the points thus referred to them, and particularize the latitude and longitude of the most north-western point of the lake of the Woods, and of such other parts of the said bougdary as they may deem proper. Aud both parties agree to consider such designation and decision as final and conclusive. And, in the event of the said two Commissioners differing, or both, or either of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting to act, such reports, declarations, er statements, shall be made by them, or either of them, and such reference to a friendly sovereign or state. shall be made in all respects as in the latter part of the fourth article is contained, and in as full a manner as if the same was herein repeated.

contracting parties the several islands lying within the said river, lakes, and water communications do respectively belong, in conformity with the true intent of the said treaty of 1788. And both parties agree to consider such designation and decision

as final and conclusive. And in the event of the

(Continned from Page 352.) through the middle of said lake until it arrives at the water communication into the "Lake Huron, thence through the middle of said lake to the water communication between that Jake and lake Superior." And whereas doubts have arisen, what was the middle of said river, lakes, and water communications, and whether certain islands lying in the same were within the dominions of his Britannic Majesty or of the United States: In order, therefore, finally to decide these doubts, they shall be referred to two Commissioners, to be appointed, sworn and authorised to act exactly in the manner directed, with respect to those mentioned in the next preceding article, unless otherwise specified in this present article. The said Commissioners shall meet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the state of New York, and shall have power to adjourn 10 such other place or places as they shall think fit: The said Commissioners shall, by a report, or declaration, under their hands and seals, designate the boundary through the said river, lakes, and water communications, and decide to which of the two

Art. 8. The several boards of two Commissioners mentioned in the four preceding articles, shall respectively have power to appoint a secretary, and to employ such surveyors or other persons as they shall judge necessary. Duplicates of all their respective reports, declarations, statements and decisions, and of their accounts, and of the jour. nals of their proceedings, shall be delivered by them to the agents of his Britannic Majesty, and


to the agents of the United States, who may such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from all tespectively appointed and authorised to manage ostilities against his Britannic Majesty, and his the business on behalf of their respective govern-ubjects, upon the ratification of the present treaty ments. The said Commissioners shall be respectively being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly. paid in such manner as shall be agreed between the two contracting parties, such agreement being to be settled at the time of the exchange of the ratifi cations of this treaty. And all other expenses a'tending the said Commissioners shall be defray d equally by the two parties. And in case of death, sickness, resignation, or necessary absence, the place of every such Commissioner respectively 'shall be supplied in the same manner as such Commissioner was appointed, and the new Commissioner shall take the same oath or affirmation, and do the same duties. It is further agreed between the two contracting parties, that in case any of the i lands mentioned in any of the preceding articles, which were in the possession of one of the parties


prior to the commencement of the present between the two countries, should, by the decision of any of the Boards of Commissioners aforesaid, or of the sovereign or state so referred to, as in the four next preceding articles contained, fall within the dominions of the other party, all grants of Jand made previous to the commencement of the war, by the party having had such possession, shall be as valid as if such island or islands, had by such decision or decisions, been adjudged to be within the dominions of the party having had such possession.

Now, therefore, to the end that the said Art. 9. The United States of America engage served, with good faith on the part of treaty of peace and amity may be ob to put an end immediately after the ratification of the United States, 1, James Madison, the present treaty to hostilities with all the tribes president as aforesaid, have caused the or nations of Indians, with whom they may be premises to be made public; and 1 do at war at the time of such ratification; and forth hereby enjoin all persons bearing office, with to restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, civil or military, within the United States, all the possessions, rights and privileges, which and all others, cititens or inhabitants they may have enjoyed or been entitled to in 1811, thereof, or being within the same, faithprevious to such hostilities; provided always, that fully to observe and fulfil the said treaty, such tribes or nations shall agree to desist from and every clause and article thereof,—În a!! hostilities, against the United States of Ame- testimony whereof, I have caused the rica, their citizens and subjects, upon the ratifi-seal of the United States to be affixed

cation of the present treaty being notified to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist accordingly. And his Britannic Majesty engages, on his part, to put an end immediately after the ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities with all the tribes or nations of Indians with whom he may be at war at the time of such ratification, and forthwith to restore to such tribes or nations, respectively, all the possessions, rights, and privileges, which they may have enjoyed or been entitled to, in 1811. previous to such hostilities; provided always, that

Art. 10. Whereas the traffic in slaves is irreconcileable with the principles of humanity and justice, and whereas both his Majesty and the United States are desirous of continuing their eftorts to promote its entire abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the contracting parties shall use their best endeavours to accomplish so desirable an object.

Art. 11. This treaty, when the same shall have been ratified on both sides. without alteration by either of the contracting parties, and the raps fications mutually exchanged, shall be binding on both parties; and

the ratifications shall,

be exchanged at Washington, in the space of four months from this day, or sooner it practicable.

In faith whereof, we the respective Plenipoten< tiaries have signed this treaty, and have thereunto affixed our seals.

Done in triplicate, at Gheut, the 24th day of
December, 1814.


to these presents, and signed the same with my hand. Done at the City of Washington, this eighteenth day of February, in the year of our Lord one thou sand eight hundred and fifteen, and of the sovereignty and independence of the United States the thirty-ninth.


By the President,

JAMES MUNRO, Acting Secretary of State,

Printed and Published by G. HoUSTON: No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to Editor are requested to be forwarded.

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