« PreviousContinue »
CORBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
Vol. XXVII, No. 13.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1815.
[ Price ls.
[ 386 PEACE! PEACE!
put down James Madison, and “ DELI. VERED THE WORLD of the exis.
tence of that EXAMPLE of the success To LORD CASTLEREAGH.
of DEMOCRATIC REBELLION.” “No MY LORD,
peace with Madison," was their cry.
Kill! kill! keep killing, till he is put down, The grand event, which has just taken in like manner as Napoleon is put down ! place in France, and which is so well cal. This was their iucessant cry. And, in culated to convince all mankind of the a short time after Napoleon was exiled folly as well, as the injustice, of using fo to the Isle of Elba, these literary Cossacks reiga force for the purpose of dictating published a paragraph, which they into a great nation who they shall have serted in the report of the debates in the for their rulers, or what shall be the form Hlouse of Commons, as the report of the of tirir Government; this grand event, speech of Sir JOSEPH YORKE, then instead of producing such conviction in and now one of the Lords of the Admi the minds of those persous comected ralty, in the following words; to wit.with the London Newspapers, Naga-“ Sir J. YORKE observed, that although zines and Reviews, who are called Cos- one great enemy of this country, Bouasachs prilers; so far toonu producing such parte, had been deposed, taere was convivtiun in their minds; this grand “ another gentleman whose DEPOSITI. erent seems to bave made them more " ON was also necessary to our interest; eager than ever for interference in the " he meaut Mr. President Madison ; domestic affairs of Trance; and, wbile" and with a view to THAT DEPOSIthe cries of our countrymen at New Or- TION, a considerable vaval force must truns are yet vibrating on our cars, these “ be kept up, especially in the Atlantic, men are endeavouring to urge you and “ But as to his honorable friend's opiniyourcolleagues on to the sending of illon on respecting the reduction of the sains upou thousands more of our men, Navy, he wished it to be considered and to expend hundreds of millio:is more " that a mumber of shipping were eme of our woner, in order to overset a Go“ ployed in conveying French prisoners vernment wbich the French nation love, “ to France, and bringing home our own and to compel them to submit 10 one countrymen. So much for the oecuwhich they hate, or, at least, despise, pation of our navy on the home statiin the losion of their hearts, and with “ on.--- But from the Mediterranean for in3u unaninity absolutely unparalleled. stance, several three deckers were orliv Lord, if :
f my advice had been fol- “ dered home, and lie could swear that honza, we should wave had no American no practical exertion would be remitted War; tue 20 or 30,000 men and the 60 ". to reduce the expence of our Naval 20 millions of money, which that "- " Department." fritunaie war has cost us, and which With what shame! with what sorrow, liare only, as it turns out, created an would these writers, it they had not lost American Navy, and exalted the Repub- all sense of shame, and all feeling for their lic amongst the nations of the world, country, now look back on their conduct would all bave been saved. The literary at the time to which I am referring! InCossacks of London, were, I verily be- stead, however, of feeling shame for that leve, ide chief cause of that war. They couduct
, they are now acting the same urged you and your colleagues on to the part over again; they are now reviving all desiruction of the American FORM OF iheir old calumnies against the Emperor GOVERNMENT. Napoleon being, as Napoleon; they are abusing the French they thought, down, never to rise agaio, army and the French people ; they are they urged you to makc war, till you buu! bestowing on them appellations almost too infamous to be repeated; and they ( pentine River, the crawling worshippers are calling upon you and your colleague of Whiskers and ofJaek-Loots:I am aware, to make a war of extermination upou thamy Lord, how difficult it must be for people, unless they will receive and adop: 'hese persons, comprising no very small the ruler and the Government appointed, art of those who call themselves the or pointed out, by England. These men CPPER ORDERS, 310w to lock cach called Mr. Madison à TRAITOR and rther in the face. I am veri aware of the
REBEL; and they are now calling Na fire that must burn in their bosoms, and poleon a TRAIBOR and a REBEL. I pity them accordingly. I am aware, They called the Americans slaves, vil- 100, of the siluation of those pubic men, lains, thieves; and these appellations who, since the exile of Napoleon, biare with many others, not excepting covards, expres.ed" their sorrok', that those great they are now bestoxing on ihe French “ statesmen, Burke, Pitt, and Perceral, people. They now, see that you and were not alive to witness, and to paryour colleagues have found it necessary ticipate in the general joy at the triot make a treaty of peace and amily with " umph of their principles." "I am aware Mr. Madison, whom they called a traitor of the situacion of those (amongst whoin and a rebel; but, these men are of that is the Chancellor of the Exchequer) description of fools to whom experience who have so recently en'ngizer the Incannot teach wisdom, and they are now come, or Properiy Tax, upon the ground repeating their cry, no peace withi Nupo of the complete triumph which it had leon: no peace till the Bourbons are enables us to obtain over Vapoleon, and again on the throne of France; war with of the fair prospect which it had given the French until they adopt a ruler. in us of a long and presperous peace. I am, whom we have confidence.
above all, aware of the feelings of yourThere is something so unjust in this self, my Lord, who have acted so high a proposition : something so sávace in the part in the exiling of Napoleon, who very idea of making war for such a probare bred so fouils checred on that acpose: something so arrogani, so impo- count; vlt, alter detailirg the grand dent, so insolent, that, were it not for views and proceedings of the diterent the impoience of the per:ons who make it, powers at the Congress of Vienna, told it could not fail to fill every Frenchman's the House of Comnions, on MONDAY, breast with indignation inexpressible. the 20th of this month of March, that Nevertheless, having seen the efect of our great and enormous sacrifices had the writing. of these men as to the Ame- purchased a fair prespect of bappy tranrican War; having scen how completely quillity for us an: for Europe, for twenty iley: succeeded in causing tlie people of years to come and who learat, on the England to believe, that it was just and NEXT WEDNESDAY, that Napoleon Wise' to make war for the purpose of was again at the head of the French nadeposing Mr. MADISON, there is reason tion, Louis le désire, having already 10 fear, that their present labour's will reached abbeville on: hvis way out of not be wholly ineflectual: that, indeed, France! I am well aware of thie existence it is possible, that they may again suc- and of the powerful effect of ait: these ceed in their mischievous objects: and, feelings : but, still I do not abundo! the therefore, I shall endeavoni 10 shew, bepe, that the disappointment, the morthat the war, which they reccaninend, tification, ilie shame, the blind rage
of would be unjust and baieful in its' ob- the liere of Napoicou's laters will not be jects, and, in iis consequences, likely to able to ineluce you and your colleagues be fatal to our country.
to listen to the dictates of passion idio I am aware, my Lord, of the morti stead of those of':cason, and in piunge fication which is now felt in England : ! your collitry into 3 new and final war. am aware of ilie acuteness of che sting : There are too oljects very distinct, for. I see how difficult it must le for the re- which the literary Coasacks are calling jeiders of April last, the wearers of fati-for war: the first is, to put down and and white cochades, the roasters of destroy Napoleon and in compel the
sainters (temale as well as French people to submit to the Bours !! Bhuchiy” and the“ Gallani bons: the sceand is, to secure Belgiuni io
se votaries it ihe Temple in the new king of llio Nethcslands, "ho, FM Park, the heroes of the Ser: only on the 10th of this present mouth, took upon himself, formally, the sove-p. they opposed nim. This step enraged the. teignty of the Belgian provinces. I an people; the soon after put the king and against war for either of these objects. qneen to death. They marched against I think, that, for neither of them, nor for ihe Duke of Brunswick and his Germans; both together, we ought to go to war; beat them, and began that series of conand, I now proceed to state the reasous quests, which have made France so upon which that opinion is founded. fanious and so much feared in the world,
As to the first of these proposed ob- it is well known, that divers chianges in jects of war, the case is this. For more the internal government of France had than a century, the French people had taken place previously to the time when been objects of contempt with the people Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of of England, because the former patiently that country. It is also well known, that submitted to arbitrary and oppressive he was exiled in April 1814; and, that, government, ecclesiastical as well as civil. while the Capital of France was occupied I appeal, not to our songs and theatrical by an army of Austrians, Prussizes and pieces (though no bad criterion), nor to Russians, subsidized by us, the eldest our paintings and prints; but, to the brother of the late king of France was most approved historical, political, and brought to Paris from England, put moral writings in our language, and to upon the throne, and made ruler of the speeches in both Houses of Parlia-France instead of Napoleon. mont. 1 appeal to these for proof oj Now, then, my lord, let us take a view the fac! ; that, up to the year 1789, the of our conduct, through this series of English nation held the French nation in Vears, as far as relates to the internal contempt on account of their patient sub-government of France. At the out-set, mission to an arbitrary king, who could the French expected us to be the first imprison or exile any of them at pleasure, people on earth to congratulate then and to a cormorant priesthooil, who, in on their newly-acquired freedom, and a grcat degree, devoured the fruit of men's the very last in the world to find fault labour. In short, it is notorious, that, with them for over-steppics the real previous to the year 1739, Frenchman bounds of liberty. They soon found and Slave and even Coward were, in the their mistake; for, Mr. Burke, whose ninds of Englishmen, almost synonymous profound wisdom the Chancellor of the Irrms. lu 1789, the French nation began Excheqner has, within a few weeks, so to make a change, or revolution, in their highly extolled, attacked the French peoGovernment, and expressed their deter- ple, in speecles in Parliament and in mination to have perfect predom. Be- pamphlets, so early as 1791, two years tween the beginning of this year and the before the king was put to death. Mr. summer of 1791, many schemes of Go Burke called upon Eugland and all vernprent were proposed : aud, at last, other powers of Europe to make war one was agreed on and formally accepted upon the French people; and, Mr. Burke, by the king. But, in spite of the king's soon after this, bad a pension granted acceptance, his BROTHERS, Luris le him of 3,000 pounds sterling a year. Desire, and the Comte d'Artois, together When Frauce was invaded in 1792, with the other Princes of the family, went and a great emigration took place from out of France, and, from places on the that couutry, the emigrant nobles and borders of tbut kingdom, issued their priests were received in no country with protests agaiost the King's acceptance of so much kindness as in England; and, it the Constitution. In these protests they is notorions, that we paid them pensions declared their resolution to overset the from that time to the time of their death, constitutioa hy force of arms if they or their return last year. It is equally could, and is force should be necessary. Hotor:045, that we have employed many At length, in 1792, the Emperor of Ger- of these emigrants, as otheers, or solinany and the King of Prussia marche diers, in our wars against France. an army into France, under the late Duke Wien we began our first war,in 1793,we of Brunswick, who issued a proclamation, professed to have no desire to interjere in staling it to be his intention to “ restore the internal gorernment of France. We " the King of France to his legiiimati conplained of her disorganizing princi. “power," and threatening to inflict on ples, which, we said, threatened the ile pcople the most terrible pucishments if overthrow of a!} regular governments
and, that, therefore, our war against her people of France, whom we represent as was a war of self-defence. Of lale years, suttering all sorts of oppression under our tone has been wholly changed. We him. We represent the conscripts dragno longer talk of the disorganizing prin- ged in chains to his armies; we represent ciples of the French. On the contrary, the land as become fruitless for the we have, of late years, represented them want of tillage; we represent the disconas living under a most horrible despotism. solate faibers and mothers rending the We have been constantly talking of the skies willi execration on the murderer of iron sceptre of Napoleon, and pitying their beloved children ; we represent the the poor wretches who lived under it. country as being full of Bastiles and these It was not against the French people, filled with prisoners like the dungeons of we said, that we were making war: but the Inquission. These representations against tlie“ tyrant,” as we called him, the far greater part of the people of Eng. who had loaded them with chains, and land really believe; and they rejoice at to free the poor creatures from which his fall and bis exile. Well, le roilà chains was one of the benign objects evilé! It is done. He is exilert. The for which we and our allies, the Russians Bourbons are restored. We are immediand Germans marched into France. ately told, that all France is happy; that
How stands the case, then? Up to the the government of Louis Ir Desiré is a year 1788 inclusive we despise the peo- “ paternal " government; that law, religiple of France, because they are slares, on, liberty and happiness are restored to a under the reign of the Bourbons. When people, so long oppressed. The Bourbons they throu off the authority of the Bour- have the government in their hands for bons, we call them anarchists and rebels. a year; they pass laws, make a new conWhen they choose an Eniperor, we stitution, grant rewards, appoint officers, again call them slares: and when we reorganize the army, garrison all the succeed ai last by ihe aid of an immense towns, have all the ireasure and all the army of Russians and Germans, in put-power of that vast anil popolous country, ting ile Bourbons on ihe throne again, in their hands; and, at the end of the year we say, that we have resiored them to Napoleou lands wiki cleven hundred mer, libertij
. Row, my Lord, if I were to the people tock around him in every di grant this laster assertion to be true, I rection, he proceeils along the great road shonle not lie less disposer to object to 500 miles from anves to Paris, and a var for the second restoration of the though proclamations, decrees and orders, Yourbons: liecolise ilie French people and promises of inimene rewards are herselves are the best judges of ile poured forth against his life, not a single sort of ruler that they shall have, aud man does all trance contain to hold up because it is now impossible 10 deny, a brand against him! and, amidst the acthat their choice is in favour of clamations of millions, he comes, without Napoleon.
a sword to protect liim, to resume his It, indeed, Napoleon had lauded with authority! Ah! my Lord, feel as we stil; a nuruere is aimy: if, by any extraorsay what we wil, this is the granddinary rucans, a considerable army had est, the most magnificent spectacle, that been prepared 10 join him on his laud-cver presented itself for the conteinplaing: if there bad existed air josurection of the human mind. 11n in ilie country previous l', or on Ofüll the triumplis iliat TRUTII ever his landing: in either of these ca.es, obtained, this is the most signal. For there is at have been doubt wiih eleven years almost all the presses of regardi iu ile ice sentiments of the peo- England, and, inocer!, of the grcaur part pki kut, the country is perfectly quiet; . lurpe; buiftie presses of Awerita; no rising, no disturbances, any where ; j the makers of barangues; the political the whole country is in the mands of preachers, were at work to cause it to Louis's officers, civil and instars; and be belieiet, that Napoleon was the cruelNapoleon iauds and rities on to the Cupl- est 18:t that eler backoned the page. tat, noi only withoui on erwin, but it as of history; and, since his tail, the calinadeiene eless & condition as it be led been nies which have lieen found out on time a private gentleman coming bome 10 tis liy ile presses and the sece dimakers of eriale. For eleven long seals we repre England, t'ermany, and ironce, exceed, sent him as hated and detesied by ide / perlaps, all ibrat were erer ullered Lofure
since the art of printing was discovered. I gistracy; no dominant church ; no feudal The pencil has been brought into the aid | tenures; no privileged orders; one Code of the pen, in order that those who could civil and criminal, to which all men are neither read nor bear, might imbibe alike subject; no borough elections. In against him hatred through their eyes. short, France has a republican governAnd, as if the exertions of the French ment with a Chief called an Emperor. partizans of the Bourbons were insufficient And, though that government is not yet, in that country, it has been inundated and never may be, precisely what it might with Englishmen and English women, be wished, it is likely to come as near to who looked upon it as a duty to their na- the standard of liberty as the character tive land to aid in the promulgation of and genius of the French people, and these calumnies. Yet, such bad been the state of Society in France will huis conduct towards the people of France, permit
. This is, at least, my hope; and, that he had only to present himself if I am not disappointed, is there any one to their eyes to blow all these calumnies who will say, that the late event is not to to the winds. To give to bim and to be hailed with joy? Ilowever stiff the TRUTH this triumph, there were want republicans of France must be ; however ed his exile and his return. Had'these angry that their own plans of government not taken place, the deep impressions of are not adopted, they must be convinced, falsehood would never have been remov- that, if the Bourbons had remained, their ed. Until now, it has been deemed, in hopes would have been blasted for ever; Englaud, almost a crime to express a and that, therefore, as long as the quesdoubt of his having been a monster of tion lies between the Bourbons and Natyranny, held in the utmost abhorrence poleon, it is their duty, upon their
own by the people of France. Did TRUTII principles, to be for the latter. It must ever before gain such a triumph ! give any friend of Freedom great satisfac
These events will soften, if not wholly tion to see, that, in all the proclamations do away, the enmity of only fair enemies, and decrees of Napoleon, and even in the the Republicans of France. For it can address of the Imperial Guard, signed by not now be pretended, that he does not M. Dhover, the great principle is always reign by virtue of the peoples' consent put forward, of the right of the people to and choice, signified in the freest and choose their ruler, a principle to which if most unequivocal manner. The light, in they adhere, the French will be a happy which he now stands, is very different and free, as well as a great nation. indeed from that in which he stood be- This event, so honourable to Napoleon, fore.
He was chosen Emperor ; but the is little less honourable to the people of choice was made, it was said, by persons France. They had all possible temptaappointed by bimself: that he had all tions held out to them to oppose him, to the power and all the treasure of the take him, to kill him. Not a man; not a country in his hands at the time; and, in single man was found to yield to any of short, that his election was like some other these powerful temptations. Threats elections, the character of which are too were dealt out largely on the other hand, tender to be touched by a peu so rude as They were continually reminded of the mine. This was what was said before; great foreign armies ready to invade and this cannot be said now: for, if he france: they were told that the Prussian be not now fairly chosen by the people of army was advancing upon Thionville : France, never was man fairly chosen in that the Austrians were already at Turin: this world. In his proclamations be rests that 600,000 Russians, with the Cossacks his authority upon the will, the choice of at their head, were on their march; and, the people; he says he owes, and will lastly, that 70,000 English, with the Duke owe, that authority and his rank to them of Wellington for commander, were on and to them only. The Republicans, their way from Belgium. The people of therefore, cannot now bave the same ob- France seem to have heard of the ap: jections to him which they had before. proach of all these armies with as little Besides, as I have more than once obser- coucero as if they had been told of the ved, bis government, though the Chief be approach of so many mice. They seeina an Emperor, is essentially Republican. to have said : “Give us, only give us No titles bát such as are the reward of Napoleou, and let the world come in services and talents ; no Lcreditary ma- arios apaisiss," And is it for us, iny