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“ THE BOTTOM. The nation has rise to a thousand thoughits in the mind “ prospered under a war, and may do so of your Lordship? Do you not see the " again, notwithstanding the predictions rising navy in the mouths of the Sus" of croakers a thousand times falsified. queanah and thellucson ?-In short, what Internally Britain has enjored perfect Englishman can look that way without tranquillity, improvements and riches alarm? It is well known, that our com"encreasing in every part. If war then merce and shipping, during the last war, " be forced upou us, let us weigh the ad. were supported by the restrictions, whicha,

vantages as well as the disadvantages our navy enabileil us to impose on the " with which we shall enter upon the commierce and navigation of neutrals, "contest. The only ground of uneasi- and especially on those of America. It is "ness will be in our ! INANCES ; but well known, that, had we not claimed “these with a prudent and skilful 12- the sea as our own, and exercised our nagement may be made, with their power there accordingly, our commerce “usual ELASTICITY, to adapt them- and navigation must have dwindled into selres to the occasions, as they ari:e.” a very small compass, and ihiat vloge uf

Such, my lord, is the language of the America would have been swelled to an great partizans of war. You see, they enormous size, while France, open to are already paving the way for a seizure the shipping and commerce of Ainerica, of the funded property by stigmatizing would have experienced little injury from the owners

as URONES OF THE the power of our navy. STATE, whose fall to the bottom they Well, then, is it to be believed, when seem to contemplate without the smallest we look at the progress and conclusion degree of pain or inquietude. In short, of the American war, that we stiail again rather than not gratify their vindictive attempt those restrictions on lier comfeelings against the ruler and the people merce and navigatiou? This is not to of France, they seem perfectly ready to be believed ; and, if we were to attempt involve England in all the miseries of them, is it to be believed, that we should Revolution; for, I ain sure your Jord- not instantly tind America a party in the ship wants nothing from me to convince war against us? The late event ina you, that the measures here plainly hint- France, will excite, in Anierica, joy uned at would plunge the country into bounded, and especially amongst those general confusion and blood-shed.

against whom the malicious shafts of the Whether the “public voice "will be editors of our newspapers were levelled. for war we shall, probably, soon see, When they hear these men describe Näbut, wlio would have expected to hearpoleon as a traiter and a ribil,” they those, who are accusing Napoleon of a will recollect, that the very same nieu design to go to war to gratify his army, described the President, their constituurging you to go to war, because war tional Chief Magistraie, as a traitor and will please our naval and military men! a rebel,and that they called upon his and because (as it is fulstly asserted fellow citizens, who had freely chosen war will gratify the cupidity of land- him, to depose liim and kill him. The holders, farmers, ship-owners, merchants, Americans, my Lord, are not to be made and manufacturers : Was there ever be- believe, that Napoleon las forced bimself fore urged such reasons in justification upon the French nation; they are not of war?

to be made believe, that he bas none But, my lord, long as this address to but the army on his side ; they are not you already is, there is one view of this to be made believe, that he is merely impending danger, to which I must yet the head of “ a band of Janisaries ;” they beg leave to call your serious attention. are not to be made believe, that, with a

It is said, that " war will, as hitherto mere handful of soldiers, he could have " favour our shipping and commercial marched from Cannes to Paris, unless lie s interests, while our navy secures us bad been the man of the people; they are the sovereignty of the And, not to be made believe, that the Bourafterwards, it is said, that our “ Mann, was would have fled from a throne and “ facturers will prosper with the conti- ytbe sovereignty over 30 millions of “ nent of Europe and America open." people, unless they had been convinced,

Does not the very name of America, ihat that people were on the side of Nacoupled with that of war in Europe, give poleon; they are not to be made

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believe all, or any, of these things; but, him; that thev called upon the people they will see, in this event, a proof of the to kill him. They will remember, that faci, of which fact some of them before even the Prime Minister, io his place, doubted, that Napoleon reigns in virtue stated, that, from the kind treatment of of the love and the choice of the French ar prisoners of war in America, it appation.

neared that a part, at least, of the peoThe American Government will, for a ple of that country wished to put them-. while, at least, be disposed to remain at xlres under his Majesty's protection. peace with us; but we may be well as they will be well convinced, that from sured, that it will never again sulmitutter ruin and subjugation they have. to any re-trictions on its commerce and been preserved by the wisdom of their navigation, not warranted by the well Government, the patriotism of themknown and universally acknowiedged law elves, and the skill and bravery of their of nations; and, it would not be at all navy and army; and not by any for, surprisian, if it should lean very strongly bearance on our part. In short, when towards France, if we were to make war we look back to what has passed during upon the latter for the purpose of the the last year, can we, if we go to war taling a Governinent 10 her in direct op with Napoleon, suppose it wonderful position to her will, now so clearly de- if the Americais prepare themselves imclared.

mediutely for taking any advantage of Here, therefore, is a difficulty, which any circumstances, which that war might we had not to contend with in the last ofier, to deal us such a blow as would, war, These prizes, which this writer for ever after, put it out of our power to holds out as a bait to our naval officers bring their independence into danger ? and their connexions, would not be so The return of Napoleon will necessanumerous. Indeed they would be very rily produce great satisfaction in Amefew in number. The commerce of France rica; because, the Bourbons were essenwould, to a great extent, be carried on tially her enemies. Talleyrand had lent in American ships, America would be his aid to the annihilation of the last of the carrier for both nations. The increase Republics in Europe. All Europe seemed of her navigation would signify nothing to be bound down for ever, or at least, at all to France; indeed, France would for ages, within the lines and limits of sejoice at it, because it would be tre- the monarchis at Vienna. They and mendously dangerous to 11s.

their ministers, without reference to the Let no flatterer persuade your Lord wishes of any body of people, inhabiting ship, that the Americans are to be either any of the transferred countries, had diswhicedled or corrupted. They love peace ; | posed of the whole at their will. All but they are a wise people, and they the ligatures were prepared and put in will well know, that they must provide their places, the tying of the last knot for war. The last year has taught them, being all that was wanted. Your Lordthat they must depend solely on their ship says, that this was done with the artus. They will remember the flames at sole view of insuring long tranguillity and Frenchtown, Stonington and Washing happiness to Europe. I dare say it was ; ton. They will remember their sufferings but different mea view the same transac from the hands of our lodian allies. tions in a different light. America would They will remember our considering their see this grand work with great pain; naturalized citizens as traitors. But, and, of course slie would rejoice at that above all things, they will remember this:

event which, in a moment, has snapped that, the moment Napoleon was down, all the ligatures and blown then to the and we had no enemy to contend with wiods.

Our great naval power, and esin Europe, our newspapers inculcated the specially the disposition which we bave necessity of subduing America ; of evinced to use that power, when occasion punishing ber; of destroying her form offered, against the commerce, the shipof Government ; of dividing her States; ping, and even the soil of America, will of getting rid of this example of the suc naturally induce her to wish to see us encess of Democratic rebellion. They will feebled. It will be impossible for an remember, too, that our presses called American to look back to the flames of their President a traitor and a rebel ; Washiygion and the plunder of Alexanthat they vowed never to have peace with dria, without wisliing carnestly to see our power reduced. And, in this temper of "and a rebel;" they call him, just as they mind, is it not to be feared, is it not to called Mr.' MADISON, impostor, liar, be expected, that, if we are at war with villain, slave, jelon, coward, and insist Napoleon only a few years, some occa- that he ongli to be considered as out sion will be seized on by America to as of the pale of all legal protection. sist in reducing us to a state which will | They call upon all the world to come relieve hier from all future apprehensions and scourge the French nation whoni of hostility from us? Napoleon, who has they call thieves, slaves, blood-hounds, now seen of what stuff America is made, murderers, kill-kings, and every thing of what importance she is, and of what else that is abominable. It is imposgreater importance she will be, and sible that this language of our press must be, in the world, will take special should not produce a great and laste care to cherish bier friendship, to gratifying mischief. indeed, there is good her merchants and traders, to treat her reason to believe, that these writers Government with respect. America Wave, in no small degree, contributed and France have no objects of rival towards the facilitating of Napoleon's ship. Neither is afraid of the other. return. They have been continually The products of one are wanted by the holding up our army as the conquerors other. The growth of the power of each of France; they have incessantly latends to thie good of both. Both, from Loured to vilify all those who shune in ånhappy circumstances and events, are the French army; they bave been mar. the biller enemies of England; and, if king nien out for vengeance as Jacobins, we go to war with France, at this time, Rericiiles, &c. they have been recomand without such gromads as shall justify mending and applanding every measure, war in the eyes of all the world, have we endling to re-exalt the emigrants and to not reason to fear, that we shall have shake the property of the new proprieAmerica also fór an enemy.

tors. It was they who first wged the My Lord, in conclusion, let me heg of restoration to the noblesse of the national you to observe what iniylity mischiet bas domains which remained unsold, a mcabeen done by the vile men, who conduct sure which could not be regarded as the principal of our London newspapers. any thing less than a preliminary step In America, where our language is the to the ousting of the whole of the new language of the country, all our tireats proprietors; a measure against which [ have been repeated through a thousand repeatedly cautioned the King; a meachannels. There is not a siogle man, or sure, whichi, perhaps, more than any boy of ten years of age, in all that vast other, bas coniributed to his overthrow. country, who has not reaci the outrageous | Then, my Lord, the falsehoods of these abuse and the insolent and bloody de- men. 'Their wiltul falsehoods. Their punciations of the Times newspaper inipudent fabrications. Their disgrace to against the President, the Congress, the the press, to literature, to the country, People of America. Not a soul of them is now manifest to all men.' It is to the has failed to see their comutry marked out readers, the silly or malicious pupiis, ut for plunder and subjugation; themselves these wicked ineo that the French peofor evastisement, or, in the words of wise ple have otiered rislicule, scorn and inCurtis, for “a confoundeid good Mogsult in this lour of the people's triumph. "ging;" their President as a prani to be one of these pupils, in the COURIER

deposed," being a traitor and a rebel." vf Tuesdary last writes from Brighton Thus have been inplanted in the minds thựs: The only persous in Erance of a people 1:ot given to passion, the “ who appear in trouble about ibis feelings of haired and reverige; feelings"event are the poor English. The roads which cannot be eradicated for many are covered with them---their despepears ; fcelings which must exist dur-" rate haste--their relancholy faces-ing the present generatio:; feelings which and their bad French-all serve to have already produced, and which must “excite the risibility of the people of continue to produce, incalculable mis- “ France as they post through their chief to our country.

At the present

country. I can assure you that they moment, these same vile meil, are pro- are not sparing of their insclince and eeering in prrcisely the same course. ridicule, nor do they forget to charge They denominate Napoleon "a troilor" you for wliat you take. I stopped at

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a small inn for a few minutes, about | Feeble as my pen is, when compared “ 25 miles from Dieppe; at the door there with your herculeau labours, and the crowds of persons

amusing powerful energies of your mind, I feel it “ themselves with remarks upon the to be my duty to raise my voice, at this English passengers.

The news just awful moment, against the prosecution of “ then arrived of Bonaparte's approach measures which have already proved so “ to Paris, and probable entry in a few fatal to our national prosperity, that, " hours--all was vehemence and confu- in place of Great Britaiu now occupying “sion, and unbounded joy expressed, the proud eminence, from which slie " " Notre Empereur," Napolcon," commanded the homage of nations, slie

Nupolcon le Grand," appeared to elec- appears, alas! to be fast verging to a state

trisy and fill their hearis with joy.of irretrievable ruin, and to have become ---Tiere, then, my Lord, in spite of all an object of contempt amongst those their fabrications, reps out the fact, who formerly envied her greatness. that THE PEOPLE of France as well as What a terrible, what a useful lesson has the army are filled with joy at Napoleon's the American war taught our rulers, if return, And why should the us poor they are at all capable of being taught English be in romble and have melan- by misfortuves! -Only a few short

raoliy faces” at this eve: ? Strange in- months before, tlıcy formed the resolutie deed, iliat tey shouid sorrow for thein-02 of overtbrowing democracy, of exselves! It is their annoyance; it is their tinguishing republicanism on the other insolence, which has tous been repaid side the Atlanie, we had acquired the with ridicule and scorn. They had the renown of having defeated, in numeaudacity, to lcok upon France as a sort i rous battles, the soluiers of a nation of colony of Englandi ; and in their sorrow, that liarl, for twenty years, overawed the their melancholy fuces, at Napoleon's re- Continent of Europe, and that had dicturn, the people of France saw no feeble, tated terms, in their very capitals, to all proof, that that return was for the good its sovereigns, who considered themand for ihe honour oi Prauce,

selves happy in being permitted to hold This, my Lorid, have I given you my

their crowns by the suitrance of the reasons for objecting to a war with victors. Not only so, but to our powerFrance, either for the purpose of restor- fülexertious, it was owing that the greatis the Bourbons, or for that of securing est captain of the age, the man who Belgium to the new King of the Nether- coull boast that victory bad never de hands. I do not, I must confess, enter- serted his standard, was so completely taio very sanguine hopes, that this my subdued as to seek for safety in retires ad vice vill be attended with better suc- ment, leaving the field of battle, the cess than that which I offered as to the scene of all his glory, and that of the commencement and prolongation of the people who had so long exulted in his unfortunate and disgraceful war against and their triumphıs, in our full and unthe American States; and, if, in spite of disputed possession! What an elevated what I deem the plain dictates of sense rank to hold in the scale of nations! and reason and love of country, this What an enviable situation! Had the helin new war is to be waged, I have only to of the Siate been guided by pruadd my sincere wishes, that my predic- dence; had moderation influenced tions may not, in this case, as in the for- our national councils, we never could mer, be so completely fulfilled,

have been driven from this lofty

pinnacle. Ages might have passed I am, &c. W'N. COBBEIT.

away, but Great Britain would have Botley, 30th March, 1815.

remained the admiration and the envy

of the world. Pride, hatred and ambiWAR WITH FRANCE,

tion has subverted the stately fabric,

Nothing would satisfy us but the overMr. COLBETT.-The praise forthy, throw of American independence. the patriotic and honourable exertions place of attributing our successes here which you are now making, to avert the io a fortunate concurrence of circumcalamities consequent on a renewal of stances, we fancied ourselves invincible. the war with France, call for the sup- We entered the contest vaunting of our port of every real friend to his country. omnipotence. We despised the enemy we had to encounter. Already we had | double that number in the course of one made preparations for putting the seat short month), if so tremendous a force upon the final subjugation of the Anieri- was necessary to give stability to his rican continent. Every friend of liberty throne, or even to extend his conquests. stood aghast at the daring attempt. -It is impossible at present to divine his Every lover of his native land sigheit, intentions. Circumstances may justity and his spirits sunk with:n liim, when he opinion, that he will ilisist upois he contemplated the probability of making the Rhine the boundary of its success. But, the charm of our Iance. If he shouid, it would be a invincibility bas

been broken; the wize policy in the aliied powers not to talisman of our omnipotence, bas bee! Oppose this. They have acclised Napodissipated; and Britain, proud Britain.con of being univunded in lois ambicios. has fallen from the summit of her great. Would it not be worth the trial, to give ness! A band of freemen, whose Govern bim those limits which nature has 0 ment she threaiened 10 overthrow, to clearly pomted out as belonging to the whom she arrogated the privilege of die i' rench Empire ? Should be pass these, tating the law, rushed forward in defence withoui cause of provocation, he might of their rights. The country which had hen be opposed as the coumon enemy been invaded, became the grave of the of mankinel. To war against him, in his invaders. Even the ocean, ou which stie jure erit favourable situation in crder to had so long ridden triumphaut, was des prevent his obtaining that object, would tined to witness ber defeat and her disi e foily; but to draw the sword for the. grace.

A reverse so unexpectedl, a purpose of reinstalling the Bourbons, change so sudden and estraordinary, na- would be the extreme of madness.--In turally produced a correspondent feeling. the former case the chances are two 10 The nations of Europe, who were tor- | one against huis op ponents: In the latter merly awed by ibe splendour of our vic- they are ten to one. Il we calculate on fories, now began 10 question our pre- the victories of Marquis Wellington, they leusions. They rio longer regarded us as wiit Le met iry our defeats at fort Erie invincible: they were indignant that they cal New Oricans. If we speak of the shonid lave so long vielded us the rank cuiry of the Allies into Paris, we shall which we possesseil. This indignation, be told that reasou no longer exists at what thoy considered their own weak in the French army; that Napoleon ness and tolly, gave birth to feelings of never was defeated when the soldiers batred and contempi. 'The eagerness he led to battle

were true to their withi which we sought an opportaniy to colours. Our naval and military glory enter into negociations Will America, laving beeu so greatly tarn slied by the was no way calculated to counteractccolest wiili America, and the fortunes this impression; and it only remained of Napoleon havmg so greatly improved, to complete the degradation, by finally it is lamentable to observe wiib what making concessions to the foe we despi eagerne s our ministerial newspapers are sed, which no other could expect or ex- endeavouring to involve this country in a áct but one wat had frustrated our de- uew war with l'rance. Lave these toois signs, and driven us from the field.-at of corruption forgotten the argume:its. this critical moment, uhen Olif fame for which they made use of, in the end of deeds of asins has si fatally declineul, in the year 1313, to dissuade the allies front adversary, whom we lid overtirown, and giving peace to l'urope? Are they not on whose re-appearance ve never calcu- aware that the conclusions they theni urew lated, stands again into view.-lle cones is to the favourable eticet this would arrayed with renfeld wore terrors than at have upon France, now operate will any former period. If ever it was a double force against our taking up alims maiter of doubt that Napo:eon possessed against hier? The language of the course the hearts of the people of France, the at that time was particularly striking and reception while they bave now given him remarkable. In that journal of Phili must efectuaily remove it. Auc:viy be. Der ember, it was said, is said to have an army at luis comincha france will guin. crury things. She of 50',000 veleraus; and such is the at- "snill regain at least 300,000 of his best tachment inr devenion to his person troops, one liais of her best atticers, which pervates all France, that lie right " and scannen suicient to nunc suil of

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