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" tbe line.--In six months after a peace, willing aid to corruption to keep her in “ France may have fifty sail of the line, her seat; and now, forsooth, you pout “ well manned, and an army of half a and whine like way-ward Children.
million of men, commanded by a great -A person of no small abilities, yet “ military genius. One victory may espousing the canse of the Corn Bill,
again give him possession of Vienna.” uses the following most excellent remark, - The event here anticipated hias actu- which, as it suits the cause of the people ally happened. Napoleon has regaived, much better than the one in the service by the peace, all his best troops, the of which it is enlisted, you, will. permit greatest part of his best officers, and all me here to quote. --The writer says his seameu. Ile possesses more than tiriy, and says justly, that, Equal prosail of the live, and he has at his com- “ tection is the right of all under a mand half a million of armed men. free government. All must participate then the allied powers should provoke “ in the beneats of society, otherwise him to hostilities, let them beware that the bond of association loses its leriti
one victory does not again give him “ mate force, as in Asia, where a tyraonic possession of Vienna."
partiality makes favoured Casis, and H.
treats others as if they were not
" of the human species; or, to use the TITE FINNERS.
" words of the poet,
Nature's bas. MR. COBBETT.-A letter, under the tards not lier sons.' Such favour signature of Aristides, has, it seems, and affection may do in Asiatic gogiven offence to sundry of your Corres- “ vernments, but not in England ”. pondents, who seem impressed with If this argument be just, let tlie miisthe idea of his being hostile to farmers in ters explain upou what foundation they general, whereas the contrary is the case; proceed with regard to the Carn Bill; for while deprecating the now pendicg for certainly the land-holders and farmers Corn Bill, as an arbitrary, partial, and form but a comparatively snall part of unjust measure, no man entertains more the community. The manufacturers atlection, respect, aid, I my say, venera- exceed them greatly in number,
Betion for the plain, roughi, honest true old sities these, there is a multitude who English Farmer, than Aristides ; neither belong to neither of the above classes-does any one more ardeatly wisil, or Yet all are to be. oppressed, that he would more earnestly endeavour, (over- farmer may be enabled to pay a rackwhelmed as the nation is with Lords, rent to the land-holder, and therefore Baronets, Knights, and Nabobs,) the the land-holder seated in power, most renovation and multiplication of the an unfeelingly lays it on. Having, in the cient British Yeomanry.- But monopoli. above quotation, mentioned Asia, give zers of land, speculators and vile imita- me leave, Mr Cobbelt, to ask some little tors of the luxuries of a court, cannot information as to a transaction meet the approbation of a well wisher to tioned to have happened there some his country; the more especially when, years ago. I mean a monopoly of rice, to enable themselves to continue such, said to have caused the death of several they wish to put every mouth in that millions of persons, who may
presuCountry under tribute. Honest indigna- med to have been neither lăud-holders tion in the cause of the poor, may then nor farmers, but of uearly a similar debe allowed to burst forth.
scription with our manufacturers and laAristides agrees with the bulk, and bouring poor. Perhaps the cornbill better part of the nation, that Corruption may be meant as an experiment (upou and Taxation have gone hand in hand a smailer scale), to take place here, acfor a number of years; but wherefore cording to an idea held by an author of good people of England do you now the fashionable world, that there may cry out against them ?---You were in at times be political wisdom in diminishuse to discourage, by all the means in ing the population; and for that perhaps Jour power, those who sought to rid you could be found wo better expedient than of the oppression; nay you lent your l the CORN BILL. ARISTIDES.
Prillied au publiskicu in . lluesron: Nv. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed to
Liitor ure rested to be for tardı.
VOL. XXVII. No. 14.] LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 8, 1815.
[ Price 1s.
that it was not; but, it is impossible to
blame the people of France for having ON THE REAL CAUSES OF HIS LATE believed that which every man in Enge
EXPULSION, AND ON THE FUTURE land believed, and especially when overt PROSPECTS OF HIMSELF AND FA- acts of a nature so striking, and so bu
miliating to France, accompanied this MILY.
memorable declaration. You bad ex : SIR,-While I feel, in common with pressed your resolution to owe your res. most of my countrymien, compassion for ioration solely to the people of France; you, under the present circumstances, and the people of France saw you escortI think it right to address •you my ed from the Prince · Regent's palace-to thoughts on the real causes of your late Dover by English Guards; they saw you expulsica from France, and on the pros- conveyed across the Channel io an Enge feets paich now present themselves to lish ship commanded by an English kurse 'i and family. To do this I think Prince; they saw you received on Freuch mes the more fully entitled, as the ground and conducted to Paris by Geradvice, which I offered you upon your man and Prussian soldiers, subsidized-by restoration was not followed, and, as it England; they saw Paris filled with now appears, the acting in opposition to those troops ; they saw those troops. reUnt advice has furnished the grounds main' there until Napoleon was landed Ginumerous accusations against you and on the rock of Elba, and until you-bad your Government. It appears to me new-organized the warmy and the civil very clear, that the House of Bourbon authorities of France; they, in short, saw never can reign again in France. A war, you put upon the throne by foreign arin which ali ilie rest of Europe, with the mies, and they heard England, who bad purse of England emptied into their hands, been the constant : enemy of France should league against France, might pro- under all her forms of Government, held duce great revolutions in that country; up as entitled to all the merit of having but, I am convinced, that it is wholly accomplished this event. impossible for any combination of power, Was it likely; was it possible, that a or of events, to make r.House again nation like the French should not burn for any lengch of time, the sovereigns of with desire to wipe away this broad, this France. The reasons for this opinion staring stain on its character ? To see will become apparent when I have des- the English regiments of horse traverse cribed what I deem to have been the real almost the whole of France, when they causes of your late expulsion.
might have been embarked very nearly . In tbe Proclamation to the French at the spot where the war had closed: people, which you issued in England in to see the studied parade of English the early part of 1814, you said, that you “conquerors," as they were called, in the were resolved - to owe your restoration streeis of Paris ; to be told, as they solely to the people of France. But, you were through our news-papers, that you
were hardly arrived in France, when it had, at the request of our Government, * was stated in the Moniteur - and in the forcibly detained American armed sbips · English news papers, that you bad, under in the ports of rance, and that you had, your own hand, declared to the Prince by-special command, prevented FreuchRegent of England, that you rowed your : en from sailing to America, dest they Crown to him ; and the substance, if not should enter into the service of that coup. · copies, of the letter, containing this de- try:, to see and hear these things must ·claration, -were-published in these same have added greatly to the mortification K-papers. Ldo not pretend to say, that and resentment of the French people, this was the fact I would fain-believe wbo, always sremarkable for their lover
military glory, would under such circum-) the ancient rules with regard to the stances, naturally be ready to burst forth Sunday; rules never, perhaps, very against your authority upon the first wise, and now hostile to the babits of the fair occasion.
whole of the generation whom they were Yet, if you had returiied 'unaccom- to affect. This measure of itself was panied by the ancient Noblesse, and the sufficient to produce a shock. It would Clergy, things might possibly have settled naturally create a belief, that all was to down into something like content. But, be attempted to be restored, as far as loaded with a numerons class of persons, religion was concerned. Nine tentlis of all on the tiptoe of expectation; all expect the active men in France are, perhaps, ing employnients and honours; all eager to no more Catholics thau I am, having, be restored, as well as yourself
, to power with their mothers' milk, imbibed a dis. and to wealth; and, all having, which like, and even a hatred, of that Church you had not, to contend with rivals for and its clergy. The effect of such nicathat power and that wealth, and with sures must be to fill them with disconrivals, too, whom they found in posses- tent, alarm, and resentmentment; for sion; loaded with this almost numberless every man living soon hates wbatever class, who, to say the truth, had claims makes him uneasy. If measures of this as fair as your own to a restoration, it kind, which I can allow to have been required wisdom and energy that do not adopted by you from motives of real fall to the lot of mankind to prevent piety, were calculated to revive all the those heart-burnings which arose from apprehensions of religious persecution, this cause, and the effects of which we the re-burial of the late king and queen's now so clearly trace, pot in speculation, remains marked out not a few of the but in decisive facts. A wàn berett of greatest men in the country for regicides, power or profit, always becomes a bitter The funeral service upon ihat occasion; enemy of him who has displaced himn. the annual humiliation appointed; the But if such changes become pretty gene- language of the noblesse, the clergy, the ral throughout a whole country: if a sort Royalist pamphleteers, the official jour. of proscription be set on foot; and espenal, clearly showed, that there was, in cially if the grounds of that proscription the end, to be neither oblivion nor forbe such as almost every man in the com- giveness for what was called the “ murs munity will naturally see level, in some de- der ” of the late king and queen. And, gree, against him and even against his thus another list of proscription was pro children; it is manifest that a convulsion mulgated, written in characters of blood. can be prevented by the bayonet alone. But, if it had been possible for you And, if the danger; if the suffering, ex- to remain, upon the throne amidst the tend itself to the military as well as to hostility excited against you by all these all other persons in power, who can ex-causes. your power must bave been depect that any thing short of a great, an stroyed, and yourself dethroned, by the overwhelming, foreign force, constantly attacks upon property, which were made present in the country, will be able to in su open a nranner. The votion which support the ruler on bis throne ?
the presses in this country are so very While these changes were at work, ansions to inculate is, that your overproducing hostility in every part of the throw is to be attributed solely to the country, the priesthood seem not to bave urmy, who, we are told, governs the peobeen idle. I am not blaming them for ple of France, and forces upon them their endeavours to bring back the peo- whatever laws and government il pleases. ple to their former sentiments, They We are told, in one column of these might deem it their duty. But, as was papers, that Napoleon is unable to collect to be expected, they proceeded with very a large army: that he has been compelled little caution. The people, who had, to lower his tone because he wants an arin general, long set aside the old way my; that he has expressed his willingnoss of thinking along with the tythes and the to abide by the Treaty of Paris because he convents, Ditarik great jealousy and wants an army; that he has abolished alar
Loisted at every the Slave Trade, which you would not
the sides of abolish, because he wants an army; that the
u scorned to be pays his court to the people and prop3
be established I mises them liberty of the press and tree
representative government because hes the credulous part of the English nation, wants an army: and, strange to say, in that such a revolution could bare taken the opposite column, we are very gravely place without the consent and approbaassured,a sa matter of fact taken for grant- tion, pay, against the will of thirty milli.ed, that it is the army and the army alone. ons of people full of spirit and military who has brought him back to France, and notions? put him upon your throne, against the It is notorious, tbat the eleven months will of thirty millions of people! It of your reign was employed by the wri. really seems, that 'delusion is
never to ters and haranguers of France to extol cease. It really seems, that, upon that your government, and to traduce the subject, men are to continue in wilful govemment and character of Napoleon. blindness unto the end, unless their eyes It is notorious, that, while the press was be torn opeń by some dreadful convulsi- free for men like Chateaubriand and on or calamity.
Cretclle, whose employment was to blackBefore your restoration, it was general en Napoleon aud to applaud you, it was ly believed in England, that Napoleou's closed against those who dared to think governnient was so oppressive, and that of taking the other side. It is potoThe people of France were so miserable rious that you establisbed a Censorship under it, that they only wanted an oppor- after having pledyed yourself to mainkunity to cast off his yoke and to boist tain the Liberty of the Press. It is nothe White Flag, We have been assured torious that niany persons were already and we have very generally believed, that in prison for long terms for what were your reigo was a paternal reign; that it deemed libels. Yet, with this most powwas a continued series of benefits to the crful instrument in your hands, you people of France; that you had restored were wholly unable, with the treasures them to imorality, religion, liberty, peace, of the country at your command, to gain and happiuess ; that, in short, your go- over to you any part of the people in vernment produced effects precisely the number sufficient to make their voice contrary of the effects produced by his heard. Is it possible, then, for us to be goverument. Yet, at the end of eleven made believe, that the people of months, he comes back with only six France did not, from the bottom of their hundred men, and, instead of finding a hearts prefer the government of Napolepeople armed to arrest lis progress, he on to that of the Bourbons? They talk sides on, almost without a guari, to the tous of the army, of conspiracies of frater, gates of Paris, over a tract of 500 miles, nities, & I know not what; but, how could through many populous and fortified any; or all of these preventthe people towns, without seeing a single arm raised France from falling upon Napoleon or against him, and, indeed, amidst the his way to Paris, or at thegates of Paris : shouts of a people, who hail him as a The truth is, that there needed neither Deliverer. While, on the other hand, armies nor conspirators nor fraternities to you, who are in possession of all the pow - overset your throue; the existence of ers and treasures of that great country; which was opposed to the feelings, the are supported by the two Chambers of habits, and to the immediate interest of the Legislature: are surrounded by bun- the present inhabitants of France, who, dreds of thousands of armed men, leave besides the grounds of discontent, resent your palace and quit the soil of France, ment, and alarm before stated, proceeded, without being able to discover a single in this instance, upon the further and individual to draw a sword or to speak still stronger ground, that their property, a word in your defonce. Nay, the very their real property; that nearly the whole guard of hired foreigners: even the Swiss of the real property in fravce; that ths soldiers, against surrounding your person preservation oj all this, ond of every part with whom the fate of your unfortunate of it, was incompatible with the reigii of brother was not a sufficient warning; the House of Bourbon, however greut the even these wretched men, who let them- wisdom and the virtues of the Princes of selves out to fight for hire, are quietly that House may be. I myself am of disbanded and banished out of the reach the same opinion. I was of that opinion of popular resentment, by a decree of when I wrote the answer to yout Napoleon published at Lyons. Can it be Proclamation of January 1814. believed by any body on earth, except was pot in reason, it was not in natura that the Bourbons sbould be welcome ., previous to the revolution, the property 'guests in France, because their presence of ihe Crown, the Noblesse, and the there menaced the whole nation with ruin. Churchi, the exceptions being so insignifi
The people of England, many of whom cant as to be almost unworthy of notice. are now for rushing headlong into a war | We seem to have forgotten, that all the for the purpose of again restoring you by property of the crown: all the property force of arms, know, though they appear of the Church, even to the very Churches determined not to know,any thing of this, and Church Yards in many cases; and the greatest of all the obstacles to the a great part of the property of the Nosuccess of such a project. Nor is this so blesse, was confiscated, and was sold to very wonderful, when there have been individuals. We seem to have forgotten, found the means of persuading you, that that the houses and land of the whole it was practible. The truth is, that, country thus came into the hands of new where powerful interests are opposed to owners, and that the land was sold in such reason, though the latter be clear as the small parcels and under such circumstannoon-day Sun, the former generally pre- ces so very advantageous to the purchavail in deciding men's opinions. li is, sers, that a great part of the labouring men therefore, not at all surprising, that the became proprietors of land. We seeru to "Noblesse of France should still have be- have forgotten, that the titles to these leived, that the people of that great coun- innunerable estates rest solely upon the try were to be brought, if not to submit legality of the sales and upon the due to their former vassalage, at least, to yield execution of the laws passed by the Natiup their estates. They will, I dare say, onal Assemblies and by Napoleon and like the STUARTS, live along, generation his Legislative Bodies. We seem to hare after generation, in the indulgence of this forgotten, that to call the legality of these ridiculous belief; but, I am persuaded, acts in question is to shake the titles of that it will soon be discovered by the the whole of these proprie tors. * people of England, and especially by the If we had not conpleatly forgotten al great holders of our Funded Debt, that these things, we should not have been their fortunes ought not to be expended surprized, that the people were alarmed in so foolish and so wicked an adventure. at seeing you begin dating your official
When the powerful class, to whom 1 acts in the NINETEENTH year of your bave last more particularly alluded, shall reign, thereby clearly declaring by impli
have brought to their aid in this discussion, cation, that all the laws passed since ihe e not philanthrophy, not humanity, for, death of your brother were in fact, pull
though natives of their bosoms, they are and void, whenever you chose to declare discarded in a question of war or peace them null and void. "We should not have with France; but, when they sball have been surprized at the suspicions excited brought to their aid that common sense, by the conduct of the Clergy, some of unclouded by passion, which is their gnide whom talked of refusing absolution to in their private concerns, they will perceive persons who had purchased Church prothat another war for the purpose of perty. We should not have been surpriplacing the Bourbons upon the throne of zed at the general indignation arising from France is an undertaking, which, as long the dismissing of men from public employas the possesion of property is desirable ments because they or their relations hield amongst men, can never succeed. property formerly belonging to theCrowy,
We have been so long accustomed to the Church, or the Nob'esse, or from the talk about Napoleon only as the obstacle shutting ont from the officers of the army to the restoration of your family; we have all those against whoni existed similar obspent so many years in invective against jections. We should not have been surhim and his revolutionary predecessors in prized at the general alarm and out-cry power, that, at last, we seem to have against the act for restoring, directly aud wholly overlooked what has been going as matter of right, 10, the Noblesse, all on in the interior of France. We scem that part of this property not yet sold by to have forgoten, and we may be well ex- the nation, and which struck, at once, at cused for it seeing that you and your ad- the root of all the litles of the property tisers appear to have forgotten' it also ; which bad bec. soll. We should not we seem to have forgotten, that the whole ) not have been surprized at ....: , in of the houses aud lands of Frauce, were, 1 short, we should not leave beeu at all sur