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prized at the return and at the cordial precisely the same basis as your right to and joyful reception of Napoleon, whose your crown. You were very careful not very presence put an end to all tbese to acknowledge, that you owed your alarmıs and terrors which your restoration crown to the people. Setting aside the and the subsequent measures of your compliment to our Prince Regent, your government bad spread abrough every de- declarations bore, that you derived your partment and parish in France.

crown from your ancestors and from Even if one could possibly suppose, Divine Providence'; and, accordingly, that a whole nation would be indifferent you dated the commencement of your to tbe security of their property, the reign from the day of the death of your idea of the return of that property to its predecessor in the line of kings. Now, ancient owners must bave given rise to if what had passed, during the last twenty the horrid apprehension of a return of five years had, in no degree, impaired all the ancient oppressions of the Fen- your rights, it was impossible that it dal System, under which the people of could have impaired the rights of the that time country were wretched slaves. Clergy and the Noblesse, which were If the estates returned, the seigneuries as ancient and as sacred as yours. would have returned ; for, such things If, in spite of the fair claim that these are never done by halves. Indeed, the two orders had upon you; if you, firmly power which was found sufficient to dis- seated yourself, had disregarded these possess people of their landed property companions of your exile, or bad pleaded would have been more than sutticient the public good for the abandonment of for every other purpose. And, when we those who had been proscribed along know, that the Feudal System sent thou, with yourself, they might, and they, sands of persons annually to the Galles doubtless, would, have reminded you of for offences now unknown to France; your protest, dated from Coblentz, in : when we know that the petit Seigneurs 1791, in which you and the other were, in many instances, judges as well | Princes of the Blood DENIED that

as accusers ; that the litigations and vex- Louis XVI had any RIGHT to accept *ations arising from their multifarious a Constitution which gave up the rights jurisdictions were endless; that justice of the Clergy and the Noblesse ; that was almost openly bought and sold in gave up any of their rights, their lythes, their barbarous courts, and that, in their church-lands, or their feudal titles, many cases, their power extended to the privileges, or powers. These two Ortaking away of life itself. When we ders, therefore, might with perfect conknow all ibis, can we be surprized, that sistency, have charged you with having the people of France trembled at the violated your pledge to them, even as sound of any name connected with the things stood; and, at any rate, they had recolleetion of the Ancient Regime ? a right to demand of you to do every

It is not my design to insinuate, that thing in your power to smooth the way any blame rests on you for any of the for their restoration, your own having causes to which I ascribe your expulsion. been effected. To have dove less than I really do not blame you for any part of you did, must have exposed you to the them. If there were some things done execration of these Orders and to the contrary to your promise, it was evident contempt of mankind ; and yet you did to me, that you were unable to fulfil your a great deal too much to make your reign promise. And, if your Government was bearable to the people of France. takiog great strides towards the restora- Thus, Sir, in the best defence of your tion of the Noblesse and the Clergy in conduct, is found the proof that it was the possession of their property, it is very impossible for you to reign in France, clear, that you had not the power 10 pre- and also the proof, that your family never vent it; and, indeed (promises out of the can, except for a short time, and that, question), that you were bound to effect too, by the aid of a foreign force, reign such restoration, or to risk, at least, your in that country. The present French crown in the attempt.

are not only unlike the French of 1787, but The right of the Noblesse and of the they are precisely the opposite. They Clergy to their estates, to their privileges are of a new character. Their manners and to all the feudal powers attached their habits, their minds, all are changed. to their titles and domaius. rested upon .They never, receive you backs. You

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trere put upon the throne while a foreign it was before. The principles they have force was stationed in the capital; and, to contend against are precisely the same. the moment they had an opportunity But the people of France are now in they expelled your. If, however, there actual possession of the fair fruits of those could have been any doubts upon this principles. They are a changed people. subject before, there can be done now. Their state is prosperous. Beggary, If there were any persons weak enough poverty, servility, have been banislied to believe, that it was possible for you to from their soil. Those who have travelereturn without the Noblesse and the led through France to witness ibe deClergy, that belief must now be at anstruction and misery, occasioned by the end; and, therefore, it appears very clear revolution, have returned and told us, to me, that any war, which shall have that they could find no faces of either your restoration, or that of any part of They have found healthy, decent, happy your family, in view, can produce nothing proprietors, where they formerly saw but misery, a waste of moneyand a waste squalid and ragged slaves. From of lives.

" Dieppe to MONTPELLIER say To make war upon France for the Mr: BISKBECK, we saw not one of purpose of compelling her to change ber" those poor famished looking creatures. ralers is, however, wliat, I imagine, no “ who are to be seen in every parish, I pation in Europe will be weak enougl " had almost said, on erery faim, in openly to avow. And yet, what other" England.” All, we are told; brass real'object can a war against her the marks of morality, plenty, and haphave, if ske forbears from new aggressions? piness; and, wben be asked " what had Napoleon to all other traits of greatness become of the old miserable peasantry," in his character baş now- added that he was told that they disappeared with whicbi rarely falls to the lot of man, the fendal rights and the ancient regime. pamely, to acknowledge his errors. He, This state of things, tlierefore, renders after being long borne on the wings of the example of France infinitely more military glory; after seeing every conti- formidable than ever to t:ose, if i here be mental sovereign at his feet, has returned any suels, who are; for whatever reasons, to the dictates of moderation avd to the afraid of the etiects of that example. principles of freedom. The men, whom I am quite ready to acknowledge this, he has now called to his counciis are the but, who will attempt tor justify a war very men, or the survivors of thew, at against France, lest the contagion of her seast, who founded the Republic; who principles; lest the contagion of ber freebuilt all governnient upon the sovereignty dom and her happiness should extend of the people; who declared that rulers itself bevond hier geographical limits? were made for nations, and not nations For years past we are told, by those who for rulers; who insisted, that all. taxes bad contended for war against her prinwere robberies, unless proceeding from ciples, that now her principles were no a the people's consent, and who rejected longer to be dreaded, seeing that the with indignation the doctrine; that birth result of them was carnage and misery. without merit constituted a claini" to But, no sooner do events enable us in superiority; except for ulie sake of the see for ourselves than we find, that, public good. hereditary succession was while she was carrying her victorious tliongut necessary to the chief of the arms to every capital on the continent, state. These were the principles of the she was tlourishing at home amidst the constitution which yourunfortunate bro- the imprevmg arts of peace. In these ther accepted. And these are the prin- facts, which will daily become more riples upon which. Napoleog now reigns, and more notorious; wider and wider As in1792, hedisavops, in the most explicit spread; there is, I must confess, cause, maumer, alla views of foreign caiquest, and very ample cause; tor tyrants to liate wwless first attacked. I would lope, for Fraite, and to wish to urge war against the sake of my country, That anothier her to avoid a communikation with her crusade againsi Jacobirism is net now people. But, for that very reason it is aho is to begur; and yet, I'must say, the duty of every friend of freedom-10bart fear:

endeavour to prevent such war. If it is to be begun, however, the cause I am, &c. &c. W. COBBETT. the crusaders is far more hopeless than April; 411, 1310.

ܪ

THE REGENT'S MESSAGE. of our not going to war with France,

ar in that country, if we should be Contrary to general expectation; contrary so unwise as to renew the coutest, at least io the war-breathing and sangpin and as it may be necessary to refer ary wishes of the conductors of ourCossack to it in future discussions, I have annexe newspapers; contrary to the views of ed a copy of it to this article. To me it the numerous herd of public contractors ; appears to favour the doctrine of assassicontrary to the anxious desires of naval nation; but I may be wrong in this opinion, and military promotion hunters ; but ex- Ministers have disclaimed this constructremely consolatory to my mind, and, 1 tion of it, and I am willing to give them trụst, io the minds of all those who sin- credit for the disclaimatio 9. lu tlie Times cerely love their country, and wish the and Courier, however, the writers of these happiness of the human race; the Prince detestable papers have the audacity to Regent's Message to Parliament is not tell their readers, in direct opposition to a Declaration of War against France, the disavowal of ministers, that it was either for the overthrow of Napoleon, or the intention of the Allies to give Naporestoration of the Bourbons. The follow- leon up to the dagger of the assassin.ing is a copy :-George P. R. The Even so late as the 6th inst, the Courier " Prince Regent, acting in the name and speaks of the Declaration as a measure by “ on the behalf of his Majesty, thinks which the sovereigns of Europe have * it right to inform the House of Comput him (Napoleon) out of the pale of si mons, that the events which have re- " the law, and SET A CAIN MARK UPON “ cently occurred in France, in direct “ HIM.” . No language can be plainer contravention of the engagements con- than this. The denunciation upon Cain,

cluded with the Allied Powers, at Paris, the murderer of his brother, as recorded « in the month of April last, and which in the Bible, was," a fugitive and a va" threaten consequences highly dange" gabond shalt thou be on the earth;"

rous to the tranquillity and independ- which Cain immediately interpreted thus, cnce of Europe, have induced his “ And it shall come to pass, that every

Royal Highness to give directions for "one that findeth me shall stay me." " the augmentation of his Majesty's land It would seem, notwithstanding the atro" and sea forces.—The Prince Regent city which this man had been guilty of, si has likewise deemed it incumbent upon that it was not intended he should be put

him, to lose no time in entering into to death, without some form of law; us

communications with his Majesty's Al- therefore a mark was put upon his forea " lies, for the purpose of forming such head," lest any finding him should kill

a concert as may most effectually pro- “ him." But the Courier tell us that the “ vide for THE GENERAL AND PER. allies have put Napoleon "out of the pale

MANENT SECURITY of EUROPE. “ of the law”; which can have no other "And his Royal Highness confidently meaning than that he should be put to * relies on the support of the House of death without trial by any one who chooses " Commons, in all measures which may to become bis assassin; and tbat there are " be necessary for the accomplishment of people ready to perform this very honora" this important object.”—The effect ble deed, is pretty evident from the manwhich this moderate language has al- ner in which the doctrine of assassination ready had, upon our infamous newspaper is discussed in, what is called, the free press, forms, indeed, a striking contrast press of this virtuous, this moral, this to the outrageous abuse, with wbich it religious country.-Amongst the innumerhas teemed, ever since the return of Na- able falsehoods that have lately been propoleon, particularly since the famous de- pagated by the men of blood, to excite claration of the Allies of the 13th ult. a new war against France, I am glad to which, from its extraordinary complex- find one of these pointedly contradicted ion, I was, at first, inclined to consider by Ministers which encouraged the belief a forgery ; but which, I am not sorry to that “there was a secret article in the find, was really put forth by the minis- "treaty of Paris, by which this country ters of the crowned heads, assembled at " became bound to support Louis XVIII, Vienna. As the publication of this de- pon.in case of insurrection in France." çlaration is likely to produce some im- This has been formally and otticially con, portant changes at home, in the event tradicted in both Houses of Parliament,

What then can* those advocates for per- | They declare at the same time, that firmly perual war now say, wlien they find their resolved to maintain entire the Treaty of favourite project a civil war, an insur- Paris of 30th May, 1814, and the disporection against Napoleon's Government, sitions sanctioned by that Treaty, and so soon blown into air? One would have those which they have resolved on, or thought that the miserable termination of shall hereafter resolve on; to complete the La Vendee war in 17922 would ha .. and to consolidate it, they will employ taught these men the folly of relying on all their means, and will unite all their 60 rotten •a foundation. We are every efforts ; that the general peace, the obday told that Napoleon is a monster and ject of the wishes of Europe, and the a despot, and that he cares“ no more for constant purpose of their labours, may the people of France than to make not again be troubled ; and to guarantee them the tools to serve his private against every attempt which shall threaten ends, and promote his ambitious projects to replunge the world into the disorders But let those who hold him up in this and miseries of revolutions. And al. light, recollect the magnanimity of his though entirely persuaded that all France, conduet, when he abdicated the thirone rallying round its legitimate Sovereign, of France, and consented to be an exile, will immediately annihilate this last atfather than allow one drop of French tempt of a criminal and impotent deliblood to be shed for his personal rights. rium ; all the Sovereigns of Europe ani-Let them remember this unparalleled mated hy uie same sentiments, and guidinstance of maguanimity, and let themed by the same principles, declare that if, compare it with their own endeavours contrary to all calculations, there should to crearea civil war in France, in sup- result from tbis event any real danger, port of an unnatural claim to the crown they will be ready to give to the King of against-the- unanimous- suffrage of the France, and to the French nation, or to whole people. If they are capable--at any other Government that shall be atall of feeling repugnante, for error, this rackert, as soon as they shall be called, comparison would make them blush for upon, all the assistance requisite to retreir infamous conduct, aud bide their store public trangaillity, and to make a heads in silence for ever.

cause against all: those who

should undertake to compromise it. The DÉCLARATION.

present Declaration inserted in the Re

gister of the Congress assenybled at. Vi.. The Powers" who : have signed the enna, on the 13th March, 1815, shall be Treaty of Paris, assembled at the Con- made public. Done and attested: by the gress. at: Vienna, being informed of the Plenipotentiaries of the High Powers wlio escape of NAPOLEON BONAPARTE, signed the Treaty of Paris, Vienna, 13th. and of his entrance into France with an March, 1815. armed force, owe it to their own dignity uitd, the interest: of social-order, to make

Ilcre follow the signatures, in the al a solemn declaration of the sentiments phabetical order of the Courts : which: this event has excited in them. Austria.---Prince Metternich, BaronBy thus breaking the convention which Wissenberg bras established him in the island of France.--Prince Tallcyrand, the Duke Elba, Bonaparte destroys the only legal

of Dalberg, Latour du Pin, Count title on ubich bis esistence depended

Alexis and Noailles. by appearing again ini Frances with projects of confusion and disorder;: le bas Great Britain.---Millington," Clancarly, deprived himself of the protection of the Cathcart, Stewart. law; and bas manifested to the universe, Portugal.--Count Panuella Salı’onka Lols. Hat ibere can be veither peace for trùce with him. Tie: l'owers consequently Prussia.----Prince Hardenberg, Baron deciare, that Napoleon Bonaparte has

i fumbolut. placed himself without the pale of civil Russia:--Count Rasumowsky, Count and social relations; and thats as Staeckelberg, Cuant Nesselrode, pre enemy and disturber of tie tran: quillity of the world le bas rendered Spain.-P. Gomez Labradür. bimuselt liable to public vengeance. Sweden.- Lajmenhelm.

common

LETTER

VIII.

are

ON RELIGIOUS PERSECUTION.

ke so sincere and serious as those who are induced to officiate through the

impulse of their own feelings, which is " We do not pretend to destroy error by force and

commonly termed "a call of God." violence."

If a nobleman or gentleman has several Discourse of the Clergy of France to Louis 13th,

sons, the principal part of liis fortune MIRABAND, in bis System de la Nature,

goes to the eldest, and the remainder which may be considered the Bible of must fleece the public in the character Materialism, says, that “ Preists unceast of a priest, a soldier, or a legalized pickingly repeat, it is pride, vanity, and pocket. How

many a young man is " the desire of distinguishing himself from brought up to the trade of a priest with

" the generality of mankind, that deter-out having the least taste for the craft, 9" mines man to incredulity. In this they or a single serious view; yet, before he

" act like the great, ubo treat all those as can be admitted into the exercise of his " insolent wlio refuse to cringe before business, he is obliged to make a false " them. Would not every rational mauvails, and swear lie is moved by the “ have a right to ask a Priest-Where Holy Ghost to take that office upon him, “ is thy superiority in matters of reason when be ought rather to say, “ I am · ing !--Tinot notives can I have to sub- moved by the spirit of emciument.”“ mit my reason to thy delirium?--On But even these kind of men, uniess they “ the otiier lanit, may it not be said 10 are thinker's, not always liypo" the Ciergy, that it is interest that crites. Though they do not act up to “ male inei priests; that it is Taierest the character of a spiritual. christian, "vilich reiners them ideologians; that their exiucation has led them to believe * it is die interesi efter pruite, of their in the truth of ibeir religion.--I am aware

avarice, ouilt thie:1. yleis, of nich at thousands of them do not credit “ tey alone scap te beach."- 1 is a what they preach, because the studies of; great misfortune that the bulk of dials many learned men have the unfortunate kind can sebuen give those persons cre- tendency of leading them to scepticism; dit brilie of Hicerity whose opinions but I will be bed to assert, that the are nunch appened to their own.--l'cr my bulk of them firniy believe their religica part, (as a prisitive linistian) irma to be genuine and authentic, and that decried energy to an orde: ut meil called some few have that warm interest in their Priisis, because I am convm eisbat Jesus system which is called piety. Wasico sensibile a person in hiave invent- Esoterical and e: oterical doctrines, are ed, or enctiliraged, in the siiglitest degree, not so much in use now, as they were ali iosuution sopegnani wiil Calami- among the ancients, who inculcated suty to the Church of God as that of Priest-perstition only among the lower orders, cait:- And Jeugh Twink that the Sys- while initiated every enlightened tems. of Beligion mest in

rogue at person into the pure and simple precepts present ought to te denominated on NATURE. But with us there are thouPristianity, , instead of Christianity, sands of accomplished scholars, and perI am. by no meanis so illiberal as to assert Sons of rank, who still retain the prethat all priests die hypocrites. I am indices of education, it being no part serious.y persuades ibat burubers of of our civil or religious polity, to free thecai lake up: their cfi ce- entirely them from these shackles.

I am willing through a zeal, and enthusiasın in the to admit, what Miraband says of the cause of Christ, and with the sole view Priests, that their interest must necessato the saivalion of souls, by: bringing rily attach them to systems from which llem within the page of their conventtite: they reap so much benefit. We all This, to be suri, is must applicable to know that nothing is more iban interest thie: 'dissenting intertit; for having, in calculated to entrap Us. But how weak the days of my youli

, been a fanatic, is: their argument, when they assert, and a pre: cher **:00ig Dick, lought to that it is price, vanity, and a desire of be acquainied with some of the notive distinguishing theniselves from their felthat influence the conduct. Bath low creatures, that determines them to regard to the State re igion, iis ministers intidelity:-- 1 should like to be informed are brought up. 10 il in a more trades- what advantage any man has gained, by pertama dike- manner, and are not likely to being a professed unbeliever? Or, whea

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