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that your Majesty had no occasion to make companied by an escort. Another sent any reply to it. Meanwhile all the pro- off for Italy was obliged to return from clamations, all the expressions of your Turin without accomplishing the object Majesty, loudly attested the sincerity of of his mission. A third, destined for Ber. your wishes for the maintenance of peace. lin and the North, was apprehended at It was my duty to inform the French po- Mentz and ill-treated by the Prussian litical agents, employed abroad by the Commandant. His dispatches were seized Royal Government, that their functions by the Austrian General who commands bad expired, and to apprise them that your in chief in that place. I have already Majesty intended to accredit new Lega- learned, that among the couriers dispatched tions immediately. In your desire to on the 5th instant, those destined for Gerleave no doubt respecting your real sen- many and Italy were unable to pass the timents, your Majesty ordered me to en- frontiers. I have no account of those join those agents to be the interpreters of who were sent off for the North and for them to the different Cabinets. I obeyed England. When an almost impenetrable that order by writing on the 30th of barrier is thus set up between the French Ilarch to the Ambassadors, Ministers, Ministry and its agents abroad, between and other agents, the subjoined letter. the Cabinet of your Majesty and those of Not content with this first step, your Mac other Sovereigns, your Minister, Sire, has jesty determined, under these extraordi- no other means than the public acts of rary circumstances to give to the manifes. Foreign Governments of judging of their tation of your pacific dispositions a cha. intentions. racter still more authentic and solemn: ENGLAND.-The Constitution of Enge you thought that you could not stamp land imposes on the Monarch fixed oblimore eclat upon the expression of them, gations towards the nation which he gothan by stating them yourself in a letter verns. Asit is not in his power to act withto the foreign Sovereigos. You directed out its concurrence, he is obliged to comme at the same time, to make a similar municate to it, if not his formal, at least daclaration to their Ministers. These his probable resolutions.

The message two letters, copies of which I annex, dis- transmitted to Parliament on the 5th inst. patched on the 5th inst. are a monument by the Prince Regent, is not calculated to ulrich must for ever attest the honour and excite any very extensive confidence in integrity of the intentions of your Imperial the friends of peace. I have the honour Majesty. While the moments of your to submit this piece to your Majesty:-A Majesty were thus occupied, and as it first remark must painfully affect those were absorbed by one single thought, what who are acquainted with the rights of nawas the conduct of the different Powers? tions, and are anxious to see them respectIn all ages nations have taken a pleasure ed by kings. The only motive alleged by in promoting the mutual communications the Prince Regent to justify the measures between their governnients; and cabinets which he announces the intention of adoptthemselves have made a point of facilitating ing is, that events have occurred in France thesc communications. In time of peace the contrary to the engagements contracted object of these relations is to prolong its du- by the Allied Powers with one another; ration; in war they tend to the restoration and this Sovereign of a free nation seems of peace; in both circumstances they are not even to pay the least attention to the a benciit to humanity. It was reserved wishes of the great nation among whom for the present epoch to behold an associa- these events have taken place. It seenis tion of Monarchs, forbidding simultane that in 1815, England and her Princes ously all connection with a great state, have no recollection of 1688! It seems and closing the avenue to its amicable as that the Allied Powers, because they obsurances. The couriers dispatched from tained a momentary advantage over the Paris on the 30th of March, for the dif- French people, have presumed, in regard ferent courts, have not been able to reach to an internal act which most nearly conthe places of their destination. One could | cerns its whole existence, to stipulate for proceed no farther than Strasburg, and it, and without it, in contempt of the the Austrian General who commands at most sacred of its rights! The Prince ReKehl refused to allow him a passage even gent declares, that he is giving orders for upon condition of his conscuting to be ac. I the increase of the British forces both by

| Ponusstates The movements of Prussia

land and sea. Thus the French nation, sity of covering his kingdom has obliged of which he takes so little account, must him to take up military positions in the be upon its guard on all sides : it has to Roman States. fear a continental aggression, and at the same time must watch the whole extent of are not less active. Every where the corps its coasts against the possibility of a de- are completing Officers on half-pay are scent. It is, says the Prince Regent, to ordered to join their corps : to accelerate render the ecurity of Europe permanent, their march, they grant them free posting; that he claims the support of the English and this sacrifice, slight in appearance, nation. And how can he have occasion but made by a calculating government, is for this support when that security is not not a small proof of the interest which it threatened? For the rest, the relations attaches to the rapidity of its preparations. between the two countries have not suf- SARDINIA.—The first moment after your fered any alteration worthy of notice. Majesty's return, a Commandant of the On some points, particular facts prove British troops, in concert with the Go. that the English are solicitous to maintain vernor of the county of Nice, took posthe relations established by the peace. On session of Monaco. By ancient treaties, others, different circumstances would lead renewed by the treaty of Paris, France to a contrary belief. Letters from Roche. alone has a right to place a garrison in fort of the 7th inst mention some incidents that fortress. The time of this occupawhich would be of an unfavourable omen tion by the Commandant of the English if they were to be confirmed, and if not troops, sufficiently shows that he did this explained in a satisfactory manner: but of himself, and without previous iustrucour present accounts exhibit no character tions from his Government. France must which would lead us to attach much im-demand satisfaction for this affair from portance to those incidents. In Austria, the Courts of London and Turin. She in Russia, in Prussia, in all parts of Ger- must require the evacuation of Monaco, many, in Italy, in short every where, is and its being given up to a French garrito be seen a general arming.

son conformably to treaties; but your AUSTRIA.---At Vienna, the recall of the Majesty will, doubtless, be of opinion, Landwehr, lately disbanded, the opening that this affair can only become a subject of a new loan, the daily increasing pro- of explanation, considering that the detergression of the discredit of the paper mination of the Sardinian Governor, and money, all announce the intention or the especially that of the English Commanfear of war. Strong Austrian columns dant, have been accidental, and a sudden are on their march to reinforce the numer effect of the alarm occasioned by extraous corps already assembled in Italy. It ordinary movements. may be doubted whether they are destined Spain.-News from Spain, and an offi. for aggressive operations, or are merely cial letter from M. de Laval of the 28th intended to keep in obedience Piedmont, March, state, that an army is to proceed Genoa, and the other parts of the Italian to the line of the Pyrenees. The strength territory, where the clashing of interests of that army will necessarily depend upon may excite apprehensions of discontent. the internal situation of that monarch,

NAPLES. ---Amidst these preparations of and its ulterior movements upon the deAustria on the side of Italy, the King of termination of the other States. France Naples could not remain motionless. This will remark that these orders were given Prince, whose assistance the Allies had, upon the demand of the Duke and Duchess on a preceding occasion, invoked, whose of Angouleme. Thus, in 1815, as in legitimacy they had acknowledged, and 1793, it is the French Princes that invite whose existence they had guaranteed, foreigners into our territories. sould not be ignorant that their policy, THE NETHERLANDS.-The assembling since modified by different circumstances, of troops of different nations in the new would have endangered his throne, if, too kingdom of the Netherlands, and the nu. intelligent to trust to their promises, he merous debarcations of English troops, had not known how to strengthen himself are known to your Majesty ; a particular on better foundations. Prudence has en fact is added to the doubts which these joined him to advance a few steps, to assemblages may give rise to, relative to watch eyents more closely, and the neces- | the dispositions of the Sovereign of that country. I am informed that a convoy of, will know how to defend it? It will then be 120 men and 12 officers, French prisoners to restore, to return upon us,a family which from Russia, has been stopped on the side belongs neither to our age nor our manof Turlemont. In waiting to derive cor- ners; which know neither how to apprerect information on this point, and to deciate the elevation of our souls, nor to mand, if necessary, redress for such a comprehend the extent of our rights; it proceeding, I contine myself now to the will be to replace on our necks the triple statement of it to your Majesty, consider- yoke of absolute monarchy, fanaticism ing the importance which it receives from and feudality, that all Europe would apits connection with other circumstances pear to give itself up to an immense rising? which are developed around us.

One would say, that France, contined Upon all parts of Europe at once, they within its ancient limits, while the limits of are arming or marching, or ready to march. other powers have been prodigiously exAnd against whom are these armaments tended, -that France, free, rich only in directed ? Sire, it is your Majesty they the great character which its revolutions niame, but it is France that is threatened. have left, still holds too much space in the The least favourable peace that the Powers map of the world ! Yes, if, contrary to ever dared to offer you, is that with the dearest wish of your Majesty, foreign which your Majesty contents yourself. Powers give the signal of a new war, it is Why do they not now wish what they sti- France herself, it is the whole nation whom pulated at Chaumont,—what they ratified they mean to attack, though they pretend at Paris ? It is not then against the only to attack its Sovereign, though they Monarch, it is against the French na- affect to separate the nation from the Emtion, against the independence of the peror. The contract of France with

your people, against all that is dear to us, all Majesty is closer than any that ever united that we have acquired after twenty-five a nation to its Prince. The people and years of suffering and of glory, against our the monarch can only have the same liberties, our institutions, that hostile pas- friends and the same enemies. Is the sions wish to make war: a part of the question one of mere personal provoca. Bourbon family, and some men who have'tion between one Sovereign and anolong ceased to be French, endeavour again ther? That can be nothing else but an to raise all the nations of Germany and the ordinary duel. What did Francis I. in North, in the hope of returning a second his rage against Charles V.? He sent time by force of arms on the soil which him a challenge. Bat to distinguish the disclaims and wishes no longer to receive chief of a nation from the nation itself, to them. The same appeal bas resounded protest that nothing is meant but against for a moment in some countries of the the person of the Prince, and to march South, and it is from Spanish troops that against him alone a million of men, is some people are redemanding the crown playing too much with the cruelty of France: it is a family again become pri- of nations. The sole, the real object vate and solitary which thus implores the which the foreign powers can propose to assistance of foreigners. Where are the themselves on the hypothesis of a new coapublic functionaries, the troops of the line, lition, must be the exhaustion, the degrathe national guards, the private inhabi- dation of France; and to attain that ohtants, who have accompanied it in its flight ject, the surest means in their view of it beyond our frontiers ? To mean to re-es- will be to impose upon it a government tablish the Bourbons once more, would be without force and without energy. This to declare war on the whole French popu- policy on their part, is not, besides, a new lation. When your Majesty entered Paris policy; the example has been given them with an escort of a few men; when Bor- by great masters. Thus the Romans prodeaux, Toulouse, Marseilles, and all the scribed such men as Mithridates and Ni. South are disentangling themselves in one comedes, while they covered with their day from the snares laid for them, it is a mi- haughty protection the Attaluses and the lita y movement that work these miracles ; | Prusiases, who priding themselves in the or ratinr, is it not a national movement, a title of their freed-men, acknowledged movement common to all French hearts, that they only held from them their states which mixes in one feeling the love of and their crown. Thus the French na. country and the love of the Monarch who I tion would be assimilated to those Asiatic

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nations, to whom the carride of Rome : cal act has proved the determination of a gave for Kings, Princes whose submission rupture. We are reduced to vague conand dependence were secure !- In this jectures, to reports perhaps false. It apview, the efforts which the Allied Powers pears certain that on the 26th of March a may now attempt to make, would not new agreement was signed, in wbich the have for their precise object to bring us powers consecrated the former alliance of, back under a dynasty rejected by public Chaumont. If the object of it is defenopinion. It would not be the Bourbons sive, it enters into the views of your Mac in particular whom they would wish to jesty yourself, and France has no cause to' protect; for a long time past, their cause, complain; if it were otherwise, it is the abandoned by themselves, has been so by independence of the French nation which all Europe; and that unfortunate family would be attacked, and France would has every where been subjected toʻa dis know how to repel an agression so odious. dain but too cruel. The choice of the The Prince Regent of England declares monarch whom they should place on the that he wishes, before he acts, to come to throne of France would be of little im- an understanding with the other powers. portance to the Allies, provided they saw All those powers are aried, and they dethere seated with him weakness and pusil- liberate. France, excluded from these lanimity: this would be the most sensible deliberations of which it is the principal outrage that could be done to the honour object; France alone deliberates, and is of a magnanimous and generous nation. not yet armed. In circumstances so imIt is that which has already most deeply portant, in the midst of those uncertainties wounded French hearts, and of which the as to the real dispositions of foreign powrenewal would be the most insupportable. ers, dispositions whose exterior acts are of Although in the latter months of 1813, a nature to authorise just alarms, the senthat famous Declaration was published at timents and wishes of your Majesty for Frankfort, by which it was solemnly an- the maintenance of peace, and of the treaty nounced that they wished France to be of Paris, ought not to prevent legitimate great, happy, and free, what was the re- precautions. I therefore think it my duty sult of those pompous assurances? At the to call the attention of your Majesty, and same moment they violated the Swiss neu- the reflections of your Council, to the trality. When, in short, on the French measures which the preservation of her soil, in order to cool patriotism and to dis- rights, the safety of her territory, and the organise the interior, they continued to defence of the national honour, oaght to promise to France an existence and liberal dictate to France. laws, the events soon shewed what cong

(Signed) dence was due to such engagements En

CAULINCOURT, Duke of Vicenza. lightened by experience, France has its eyes opened; there is not one of its citi

AMBASSADORS, zens who does not observe and judge

MINISTERS, what passes around it: inclosed within its ancient frontier, when it cannot give of.

Paris, March 30, 1815. fence to other governments, every attack

SIR.- The wishes of the French natiou never against its own sovereign is a tendency to ceased to recall the Sovereign of its choice, the interfere in its internal affairs, and will only Prince who can guarantee to it the conser. a ppear only an attempt to divide its Emperor appeared, and the royal government no strength by civil war, and to complete its longer exists At the sight of the quiversal ruin and dismemberment. However, Sire, the army towards their legitimate Monarch, the

movement which carried both the people and even to this day, all is menace, and as yet family of the Bourbons perceived that there rethere is no hostility. Your Majesty will mained no other course for them but to take not wish that incidents proceeding from refuge in a foreign country. They have quitted the individual dispositions of particular the French soil, without a single musket having commanders, either little scrupulous ob- fence. The military household which accompas

been fired, or a drop of blood shed in their de servers of the orders of their court, or too nied them has collected at Bethune, where it ready to anticipate their supposed inten- declared its submission to the orders of the Em. tions, should be considered as acts-spring- peror.. It has given up its lorses and arms ; ing from the will of those powers, and as

more than half of it has entered our rauks; the

rest, few in number, are retiring to their homes, having broke the state of peace. No oflis happy to find an asylum in the generosity of

CIRCULAR ADDRESSED

TO

AND

OTHER

AGENTS

OF

FRANCE ABROAD.

his Imperial Majesty. The most profound tran , sacred struggle for the happiness of our people. quillity reigns thronghout the whole extent of the France is glad to proclaim with fraukness this noble einpire. Every where the same cry is heard; never end of all its wishes. Jealous of its independence, did a nation present the spectacle of more com. the invariable principle of its policy will be the piete unauimity in the expression of its liappiness most absolute respect for the independence of and joy. This great cliange has been only the other nations : it such, as I have a happy confi. work of a few days. It is the finest trimmph of the dence, shall be the personal sentiments of your confidence of a monarch in the love of his peo- Majesty, the general tranquillity is securred for a ple; it is at the same time the most extraordi. long time; and justice, seated on the confines of nary act of the will of a nation which knows its different states, will alone suifice to guard their riglits and its true duties. The functions en. frontiers. I seize with eagerness, &c. &c." trusted to you by the royal government have “ Paris, April 4.” (Signed) "NAPOLEON.” terminated; and I am about to take, without delay, the orders of bis Majesty the Emperor, in order to accredit a new legation. You must immediately, Sir, assume the tri-coloured cock.

THE EMPEROR NAPOLEON. ade, and cause it to be taken by the Frenchmen

No event, in the history of the world, who are about you. If, at the moment of quit. ting the Court where yon reside, you have oc

ever gave rise to so much speculation, or casion to see the Minister for Foreign Affairs, so great a diversity of opinion as the event you will inform him that the Emperor bas no. of Napoleon's abdication of the thrones of ihing more at heart than the maintenance of France and Italy. Those who had all peace: that his Majesty bas renounced the plans of greatness which he might have anteriorly who abused him when he was fighting up

along been hostile towards him; those tormed; and that the system of his Cabinet, as well as the whole of the direction of affairs in der the banners of republicanism; those France, is upon a totally different priuciple. I who called him all sorts of names when, cannot donbi, Sir, that you will consider it as a duty to make kuown to the Frenchmen abont

as First Consul, he led the French armies you, the new situation of France, and that in to victory; those who calumniated him which, according to our laws, they find them because he defeated the enemies of France selves placed.

even after he assumed the title and dignity (Signed) CAULAINCOURT, Duke of Viceuza.

of an Emperor; those, in short, who, from

first to last, harc hated and detested this LETTER, (THE ORIGINAL IN THE HAND

extraordinary man, and who took every WRITING OF NAPOLEON), ADDRESSED TO opportunity to shew their rancour and ALL THE SOVEREIGNS OF EUROPE.

malice against him. · All this tribe of viSir, my Brother! You will have learned in pers, who have always been, and still are, the conrse of ike last month my return on the very numerous, were forward in maintaine sliures of France, my entrance into Paris, and ing that Napoleon resigned his crown and the deparure of the family of the Bourbons, The consented to retire to Elba, because he true nature of these events must now be known to had been defeated by the Allies; because your Majesty. They are the work of an irresistable power, the work of the onaniinons will of a great his marshals and his army had deserted nation, which knows its duties and its rights. The him; and because he had for ever lost the dynasty, wäich force had impo-ed on the French affections of the people of France, in conpeople, was no longer made for it: the Bour. bons woulil pot accord with its sentiments or

sequence of his alledged tyranny and opits manners : France has separated itself from pression.-Nothing appeared so clear to them. Its voice called for a deliverer. The ex. these sagacious politicians, nothing so cerpectation which decided me to make the greatest tain, at the time, as that Napoleon owed of sacrifices was disappointed. I came, and his misfortunes to these causes, and that from the point where I touched the shore the love of my people carried me even to the bosom it was impossible he could ever recover of my capital. The first duty of my heart is to his fallen fortunes. llad the statements repay so much affection by the maintenance of which these men set forth been true, it is ment of the Imperial Throne was necessary for unquestionable that their conclusions the lappiness of Frenchmen. My dearest would have been just; but as these state. thought, is, at the same time, to make it useful ments were altogether the result of malice, to the securing of the repose of Europe. Suf- as they were from the beginning, and all ficient glory has adorsed by turns the flags of through, dictated by a hatred of liberty, ditterent vations. The vicissitudes of fortune have caused sufficient great reverses to succeed

and of every man who gave it support, to great successes. A finer field is now open their conclusions have proved as fallacious for sovereigns, and I am the first to enter it. After having presented to the world the specta. founded. It was with a partial and pre.

as the premises upon which they were cle of great combats, it will be more delightful in future, to know no other rivalry except that of the judiced eye they viewed the conduct of advantages of peace, no other struggle except the Napolcon, in whatever situation he was,

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