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upon this important subject, to endeavour Austria first compelled France to unsheath to enlighten others whom we see in error, the sword, the same Assembly declared, and thus to deserve no part of that reproach “ that the French people, faithful to the which will justly fall upon those who “principles of its constitution, which forshall have been instrumental in the utter“ bid it every kind of conquest, and from ruin of our country.

“arming against the liberty of any people, You will please to observe, that I am " is now arming only for its own freedom, very far from thinking, that we can live in “ its independence, and its sovereignpeace with France, unless we change our - ty."- It is true, these principles were system. With taxes to the amount of afterwards departed from; but this was Sixty millions a year, while France is in not the spontaneous act of the French goher present state, we never can live in vernment. It was not with them a matter peace with her and retain our greatness. of choice when they proclaimed “ peace People, who are able to remove, never “ to the cottage and war to the palace." will long continue to walk on foot on this We must look to the Duke of Brunswick's side of the water, if they can ride in Manifesto for the cause of this.—Here ina eoaches on the other. Where the rich deed we shall find enough to palliate, if are, thither will go those arts which the not to justify, all the subsequent hostile rich support. I am well aware of all this; proceedings of France against her external but, it is not by war that I would endea- enemies, and all the dreadful convulsions vour to keep English men at home. By with which she was so long agitated intere peace, by economy, by reducing the mili- nally.-“ The inhabitants of cities, towns, tary establishment, by conciliatory laws," or villages, who shall dare to defend and especially by a constitutional Reform “ themselves against the troops of their in the Commons' House of Parliament, I “ Imperial and Royal Majesties, and fire would make Englishmen feel; I would upon them either in the open country, not tell them, but I would make them feel, “ or from the windows, doors, or other that there was nothing for them to envy,“ openings of their houses, shall be puo or to seek after, in France, in America, "nished on the spot with all the rigour of or in any other country upon earth.

martial law, and their houses shall be With that respect to which your good“ pulled down or burnt.“ The city of sense and public spirit entitle you from “ Paris and all its inhabitants without disall your countrymen,

66 tinction shall be bound without the Í remain your friend, s smallest delay, to submit to the king, to

WM. COBBETT. " set him at full and perfect liberty, and Botley, May 2, 1815.

secure to him, as also to all the royal

persons of his family, the inviolability

"and respect which, according to the WAR AGAINST FRANCE.

6 laws of nature and of nations, are due MR. COBBETT,--You have already, and “from subjects to their sovereigns; their most ably shewn, that there exists, at this Imperial and Royal Majesties declaring, period, á striking similarity between the “ that all the members of the National Asinvasion of France in 1792, and that which“ sembly, of the departments, districts, is again threatened in 1815.-In nothing - municipalities, national guards, justices is the resemblance more obvious than in " of the peace, and all other persons what. the pacific and moderate language now soever, shall be answerable with their used by Napoleon, and that employed by“ lives and fortunes for all events ; tried the National Assembly when it met to de-" by martial law, and punished without termine this great question, whether the “ hopes of pardon: their said Majesties right of making war and peace belonged to “ further declaring, upon the faith and the king or to the nation? Ilaving decided “ word of an emperor and of a king, in favour of the exclusive right of the peo- “That if the palace of the Thuilleries ple, they decreed, “ that the French na. 66 shall be forced or insulted, if the least * tion formally disclaims all wars from “ violence, the least outrage shall be of, “ motives of ambition, or views of con- « fered to their Majesties the King and “ quest; and engages never to employ “ Queen, or the Royal Family; if provi.

her forces against the liberty of any other “sion shall not be made immediately for peoplo. Pristners when the conduct of their safety, their preservation, and their

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"liberty, they will take a signal and me-" to France, would again become French, "morable vengeance, by delivering up the " and the triumphant eagles would again city of Paris to military execution and“ carry beyond the Rhine, the Alps, and

complete subversion: and the revolters, “ the Pyrenees, the independence and the who shall have given occusion for such emancipation of nations. But if the

vengeance, to the just punishment of “nation is respected, if her rights are not their crimes.'Such are the 7th and 6 contemnell, all her energy will subside 8th articles of that humane Manifesto, 6 into the only wish which she forms— which served as a signal to rouse, and to " that of a free Constitution. Then all render furious the minds of almost the “ France may proudly repeat what Pliny whole population of France, and which,“ said to Trajan,' If we have a Prince, it instead of tending to preserve the life of " is to preserve us from having a muster.? the unfortunate monarch, hastened his It is much to be regretted, that there are conveyance to the scaffold. The Times so few who are capable of justly appreci. newspaper asserts, that " it is not histori. ating the causes of the war of 1793, or of

cally true that the Duke of Brunswick's that with which we are now threatened. “ Manifesto occasioned the failure of the The ignorance generally prevailing on this “ first invasion of France.”-Critically subject, seems to arise from the implicit respeaking, it may be that the mere publicu- liance that is placed in the statements of tion of this document had not that effect; our newspaper press, the sole object of but it is also true that the measures pur- which is to obscure truth, to paralyze the sued by the Allies, which were exactly in mind, and to excite the ferocious passions the spirit of the Manifesto, were the cause of cannibals, who delight in war because of their armies being driven from the soil it satiates their thirst for human blood. of France, and of the war being after- Ilow few are there, of the present day, wards carried into the bosom of their own that have any recollection of that “ territory. The object of the Times writer thusiasm” which animated Frenchmen, was to make it be believed, that the De- when the soil of France was first invaded; claration of the Allies against Napoleon, how comparatively few are to be found, would not occasion any new disaster, in that are any way acquainted with those case they should again enter France. The individual traits of valour and attachment disgraceful termination of the campaign to liberty, which a former violation of her which followed the Duke of Brunswick's territory called forth amongst that brave Manifesto, is sufficiently conclusive as to and gallant people.. France was then its effects; and although the new fulmina- fighting for freedom, for independence, and tion against the rebel and his adherents,” for sovereignty. She is now arming in the is not so bloody in its aspect, though same sacred cause. It was the efforts of equally sanguinary, its consequences must her citizens that then insured her the vicbe, indeed already have been, to unite tory. Why may not similar efforts again all the energies of the French nation in crown her with new triumphs ?–The sasupport of Napoleon. " It is not justice tellites of corruption tell us, that Napoleon “ (says the Gazette de France), which has no regular army, and that he is desti.

arms the Sovereigns of Europe, but pas- tute of every thing necessary to fit one “sion and anger. Let them beware : all out. Be it so. It was not by regular " the coalitions directed against France armies that France vanquished her ene5 for twenty years were unsuccessful, mies in 1793; it was not by Swiss guards, 6 whilst they presented only a confedera- nor by mercenary troops, that she carried « tion of Princes, and not a league of na. terror into the ranks of her invaders. It

tions, and whilst France remained con- was the energies of an undisciplined, an “ centrated in herself, and was united by almost unarmed population, animated by

a national will. Let them not then re- the enthusiasm of liberty, indignant at the “ vive in France the frenzy of 1793. The haughty threat of punishing the defenders

same violation of her territory, the least of their country, and resolved to revenge “ insult to the moral character of the na- the insults offered to the national honour,

tion, would produce the same enthu- that delivered France from the terrible siasm, the same exasperation, and the state of degradation with which she was

same vengeance. Soon all the provinces, then threatened. A departure from first $6 which, during twenty years, were united | principles, subsequently placed her, in

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some measure, at the mercy of her invą- nerable to all attacks that could be made ders; but although she was believed to be against her?-I admit that the Volunteers overcome, the spirit of independence was of France will have no dominant church, not subdued. It was only in appear- no overgrown nobility, to fight for, beance she yielded for a moment, that cause every religion in that country is she might derive new life, new vigour, to alike protected, and because the division resist her assailants. Of what consequence of property is more equalized than before is it, then, whether France has regular ar- | the Revolution. But they will have much mies or not; whether her forces are train- more powerful stimulants. They will have ed to battle; whether they wear red coats, equality of rights to contend for; they yellow coats, or green? The whole popu- will have that admirable code of laws lation are resolved, like the Americans which Napoleon consolidated, those bein the late war, " to defend thcir country, nevolent institutions which he established,

or to perish in the contest.” The spirit those unrivalled specimens of the fine arts which enabled these patriots to combat so which he collected, those extensive nasuccessfully for liberty, and to triumph tional improvements which he created and 'over those who threatened their indepen- patronized. All this, and the integrity of 'dence, now animates all Frenchmen. Nor that delightful country which produces so has Napoleon neglected to take advantage many comforts for the use of man, the of this noble feeling, to which he has given Volunteers of France will have to protect, a direction similar to that which, even in to defend, and to succour in the hour of this country, is said to have, at one period, danger. They will also have to guard baflled his designs against us, and to have against the return of that system which saved us from a foreign domination. In- formerly rendered existence almost intodependent of the National Guards, estilorable in France, and tended only to in.

mated at two millions of men, corps of crease the luxuries of an insolent nobility, volunteers are every where forming in and to augment the power of a contemptiFrance, who are not, as with us, to wcar ble race of monarchs. But above all, gaudy uniforms, and, in all cases, are to these brave defenders of their country will serve without pay. If this species of mili- have to protect it against the encroach. tary defence was regarded of such vast ments of the priesthood, who, more than importance here; if to the Volunteers of any other set of men, liave desolated Great Britain we are now indebted for the France, and subjected the sovereign as possession of our invaluable Constitution, well as the people to the most degrading of the whole of that “Social System," and abject slavery. These are objects those ancient, those sacred, those venera- worthy the attention of every people. ple institutions, in which our fathers so Without thesc, life is not worth having. much delighted, and which they took so To defend them to the last extremity, is ‘much pains to hand down unimpaired to what constitutes real patriotizm; and when us. If to these ardent and patriotic sup- a nation is once convinced, as it appears to porters of church and state we owe so me the French nation now is, that the war many blessings, is it not reasonable to ex- threatened against her is for the purpose pect that France will feel equal benefit of depriving her of so many advantages, it from the exertions of her volunteers? If can scarcely be a matter of doubt that she we confided our all to them; if it be true will ultįmately triumph over all her enethat our embodying this description of mies.--But if this conclusion is fairly force obliged the enemy to abandon his drawn on the supposition that France has intention of invading this country, why no regular army, and must rely upon her shculd not the Volunteers of France ap- Volunteers and ler National Guards, how pear equally terrible to her invaders ? much greater must the probability of her Why should not Napoleon have as much success be, when it is recollected that Ną. Țeliance upon them as our Government poleon has at this very moment under his had upon our volunteers? And where command, an army of veteran soldiers, is the prospect of the Allies being able to amounting to little short of 300,000 men, subdue France with such an armed force and that they are known to be well equipto oppose them, when it was so confidently ped, and amply supplied with every necesbelieved that a similar force rendered sary for carrying on active operations, Great Britain, even single handed, invul-I Supposing it true, that the Allies will be able to bring forward double this number; I thousand reasons which might be given. supposing that so large a body of Russians, He was the opholder of those laws to which Austrians, Prussians, Saxons, Bavarians, they looked for security and happiness Belgians, English, Swedes, Danes, and the in the undisturbed enjoyment of those Lord knows what; supposing that so he advantages which the Revolution had given terogeneous a mass could be brought into them. The majority were strangers to the field, to co-operate cordially with each the Bourbons, and had grown up with other; that a general could be found ca- Napoleon, whose brilliant exploits against pable of giving so vast an accumulation of the enemies of France reflecting its lustre discordant materials a proper direction; on his subjects, completely identified this that he was in no risk of being counter- susceptible people with their Emperor, acted in his schemes by the jealousy of whose successes and misfortunes they felt other generals, of equal rank and talents, to be their own. But to shew why Boover whom he might be placed. Supposing naparte is popular in France would be only all this likely to happen, we find that Na- to repeat, what you, Sir, so clearly proved poleon is sufficiently prepared for it. “I must be the case, in your letter addressed * the enemies of France," says he,“ bring to Louis the 18th. Every where, and "600,000 men against her, she will meet among all classes, I found admirers of Na

them with two millions.”—Laying out poleon. At Paris, I was told by a Merof view, therefore, the probability that chant, at whose house I visited, (an asserBelgium, that Italy, that Swisserland, that tion which was confirmed by many of his Saxony, that Poland, and that Denmark, guests,) that an immense number of young are friendly to France, and may be prepa- men in that city applied for arms to defend Ting to assist her. Making no account of it against the Allies, but that none could this, or of the military operations, already be obtained. Their number was stated at begun, of Murat king of Naples, France 100,000. In several companies, where I has, in my opinion, the means within her- afterwards mentioned this circumstance, self of maintaining her independence; and the answers were, “Oui, Monsieur, c'est directed, as these means will be, by the “ bien vrai.” At Fontainbleau, their exiled only man in the world possessing talents Emperor was the subject of the most unfor so great an exertion, France must ul- qualified panegyric. “ Ah, Monsieur! c'est timately triumph.-Yours, &c.

un grand Homme. La France est bien May 2, 1815.

ARISTIDES. malheureuse de l'avoir perdu," was

the universal answer to any questions

concerning him. At a Table d'Hote in The Emperor NAPOLEON.

that town, I frequently met an elderly Mr. COBBETT,- I was in France last Captain who had made the campaign of summer nearly ten weeks, and as far as Russia with Napoleon; he had narrowly my observations extended, I can bear tes- escaped with life, and was covered with timony to the truth of Mr. Birkbeck's wounds. The enthusiasm of this veteran statements respecting the condition of her soldier for his master, it is impossible to do peasantry and the cultivation of her soil. justice to; but as his popularity with the It is, therefore, with much pleasure I find military has been never called in question, this interesting publication is now in its it is needless to retail the words of the third edition, and that you have enriched Captain.-Why should we not make peace your Register by such copious extracts with Bonaparte ?--But he is a violator of from it. Mr. A. Young's account of the treaties, and no confidence can be safely state of France under Louis the 16th, and reposed in him. This only appears Mr. B's book, ought to be read by every clear to those who have never read the person in Great Britain, since a want of suf- French side of the question. Ilow docs ficient information on this subject, coupled it appear that he broke the peace of Amiens, with the ceaseless attempts of a lying press to which we concluded with him? Was it blacken the character of Napoleon, have not the refusal of the English to give up the unfortunate effect of reconciling the Malta, after that Island had been conceded people to a renewal of the war against to France, which occasioned the renewal that celebrated character. It is impossible of the war?--Aided by English money, that Napoleon should not be popular with were not the continental powers continuthe present race of Frenchmen, for a l ally leaguing against their conqueror, and breaking the treaties they had sworn to to a most happy conclusion, and when preserve with France ? To wage war the great balance of Europe was about to against prospective ambition is proclaim- be adjusted to the nicety of a hair; behold ing interminable hostilities. All Sove-out crept the great Rat from his rock in reigns are more or less ambitious, and cir- the ocean, and twirling his tail about, it cumstances will ever occur to bring this unluckily struck against one of the evenpassion into action.-Bonaparte is not of poized scales of the great balance that royal origin, and it appears that adversity hung over Europe ; which scale then has taught him moderation. His enemies, kicked the beam, and in a moment overon the contrary, have profited nothing turned the beautiful “order of things so from their former reverses; they have com- happily established for the tranquillity of pletely disappointed the raised expectations “nations.” And now, how shall I venof Europe; and viewed as the promoters ture to describe the astonishment of the of assassination, have forfeited all claims august assembly! It requires a master's on the respect of their people. Let us, how- hand, and the poet's fire. Each illustrious ever, by all means dictate to the French member of the grand council, with lightnation and appoint them a ruler, but at ding in his eyes, reared up his angry tail the same time let us be prepared for a na- in the affrighted air, and swore by all the tional Bankruptcy as the reward of our gods at once, that he would never pare his interference. Yours, &c.

claws, nor ever shear his whiskers, unW. R. II. til the best blood of the great Rat had

copiously flowed, and he was for ever “in

capacitated from doing further mis. Tuc CATS IN Council.

66 chief.”

Ever since this memorable Mr. COBBETT,-It happened once upon event, loud cries, and tremendous cata time, that there lived in the French calls, have been heard from the cold recountry, a great Rat, which soon became gions of the North to the warm shores of the terror of almost all the world, Where- the Mediterranean. What will be the reupon all the Tom Cats of Europe met sult, let no one presume to imagine. It together in grand council, and resolved, is sufficient for my ambition that I have to spend their last drop of blood in a war lived to be the simple IIistorian of these against the great Rat of France. It so extraordinary facts.-Yours, &c. fell out, however, that the great Rat was

A Mouse. too powerful for the Allied Powers, during May 2, 1815. several years, till at length the great Rat himself, having been burnt out of his hole in the city of Moscow, was conquered in

Cats, RATS, AND OTHER VERMINE. his turn, and condemned to become an MR. COBBETTY-As you are sometimes exile in the Island of Elba. The Iligh very minute in your observations, you will Allied Cats now mewed most gloriously, not (I hope) be offended with me for the and resolved once again to assemble, in remark I have to make on the debate of order, for the last time, to settle the affairs Monday. An Honourable Member is reof Europe, and to restore liberty and ported to have broken out into a very sehappiness to a long-afflicted world. All vere censure upon the charge for cats the Mice in Europe were to be divided in the Navy estimates, deeming it “moninto exact numbers, and the extent of ter- “strous extravagance."--Now if a man ritories was to be marked out by pencil out of the Honourable House may be and compasses. The like to this never allowed to pass his opinion upon this before entered into the imagination even article, I for one, do not think it a of man! So much wisdom and justice were monstrous charge by any means; very never before exhibited! One would have much the contrary, for I koow that thought it was an assembly of Gods! | the rats are very plenty in some of the Each of their High Mightinesses moved Dock-yards. I hope no one will be of forth in a most pathetic manner, how much fended with me for saying so, because it is he had at heart whatever tended to the the truth; and if two guineas' worth of public weal! But, alas! how soon the Cats will be a means of clearing them, I glory of this world fadeth away ! Sad to am sure the public need not grumble at the relate, when all things were nearly brought expense. Bu the Honourable Secretary

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