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of the Admiralty is reported to have ex- That glory now, thou hast resign'd, plained the matter very intelligibly, so as Deaf to thy People's voice, to sad experience to shut out all further difficulty upon it :
bliud. he informed us that the Cats were in one
Could not thy hapless Brother's fate yard, the Rats in another.-Your papers,
Instruct tliec, make thee wise ; Sir, are so full of importance, that I am
Didst thou believe their humbled state thavkful to you for the least possible space Had clos'd the People's eyes ; to promulgate my opinions ; but I hope
That they would, tamely, bear the yoke you will indulge me with one other remark.
Their Fathers had so nobly broke, ---I observe you frequently calling the war
And Liberty despise ? faction prints, especially the Times, to ac
If to suich weakness thou didst trust, count for their most immoderate abuse of The world, thyself, must owo, thy punishment is the present Ruler of France as they style
just. him, and I must allow that their abuse is most low, disgusting, and disgraceful to
Hadst thou but kept thy plighted word, the country by which they are permitted,
To France but Freedom given ; or perhaps prompted, to deal it out,
Napoleon ne'er had been preferrd, call them the miscreant hirelings of the
His cause had never thriven : press.--Now, whether they are really so
An Exile now in Peace remain; or not, I do not take upon me to say; but
Nor seek the dang'rous height again, this I am sure of, that if they were hired
Doom'd, by the will of Heav'nl, by the Emperor himself, they could not
Thiy kingly honours to resign, take more effectual means to unite and sup- No more to be possess'd by thy deger’rate line. port his influence over the whole people of Buckinghamshire. VOX POPULI. France; and the strong hold these hirelings have given him, is to him worth
any premium he could bestow upon them.- PETITION OF THE LITERY OF LONDON. If the war, which they so strenuously call for, should take place, they have fortified
The petition of this numerous and rehim, beyond all other possible means, to spectable body against the threatened war withstand it. From what motives they
with France, was read at length in the do all this, I shall not inquire, but I am House of Commons on the night of its repositive as to the effect.-Yours truly,
jection; but I do not find that it has been May 1, 1815.
published in any of our newspapers. I observe that the Courier did not even
publish the resolutions passed at the ComODE TO LOUIS.
mon Hall, though all the other hireling « 'Tis done! but yesterday a King ;** papers did. Is this to be held a proof of To-day, from power hurl'd ;
the superiority of our liberty of the press For He-that " abject, nameless thing,"* over that of France, of which the Courier His standard has unfurl'd.
is constantly vaunting? Is it in suppressThrough Gallia's land, triumphant mov'd, ing the reasons against the war, and in By Gallia's warlike sons belov'd;
publishing those for the war, that this And to th' astonish'd world,
boasted liberty consists? The Editor of Had this important truth made known, the Moniteur has given notice, that he Nought but the People's love secures a Monarch's will publish every declaration of foreign throne,
powers, however hostile to France, or to
the Emperor, whenever they please to And seek'st thou, Lonis, to regain
transmit them. This looks something like By force, thy fallen power;
liberty of the press : but with our base Couldst thou, by foreign arms, maintain
and corrupted newspapers, nothing must The throne secure, au honr?
be admitted into their columns that savours Hadst thou on Freedom's friends relied,
in the least of censure of public measures ; The storm thou might'st have then defied,
while a place is always readily given to In safety, seep it lower;
every thing, no matter how false and contemptible, that
may any way detract from Vide Lord Byron's Ode to Napoleon,
the character of the people and goverament of France. Whenever an exception was, that all interference with the domes. from this rule occurs, it is interest alone tic affairs of any other country ought to that causes the insertion. The suppression be disclaimed, because it was on that prinof the Petition of the Livery of London, isciple the British Constitution, proceeding not, however, in the present case, so much from the glorious revolution, was establishto be regretted, because in the resolutions ed. Mr. Waithman then adverted to the of the Common Hall we have essentially treaty of Vienna, and expressed his conthe substance of what it may be supposed cern on finding the name of a British Mi. to have been. These resolutions I have nister affixed to it-all interference with given below; with a report of the specches, the affairs of France could not be too which I have taken from the Morning much deprecated. When this country Herald; not because I consider this the thought proper to drive King James from Lest report that might have been given; the throne, and to establish the present but because it is the fullest of any that has family, what would Englishmen have said appeared. I have likewise subjoined a had foreign nations interfered? The pre, list of the minorities in the House of Com- sent family was established by the revomons who voted for receiving the Petition, lution, and what foreigner dared interfere and also in support of Mr. Whitbread's with our form of government. It was motion for peace with Napoleon, Of all curious to see among the Powers signing the critical periods during the two and the treaty, the Ministers of Austria, Spain, twenty years' struggle with France, none Portugal, Denmark, and Sweden. Some of them was so pregnant with consequences of these had not only restored the Inquiso favourable, or so prejudicial, to the sition, but had sanctioned the separation of cause of general freedom, as the period in Norway from Denmark, Genoa from its which we now live. It is of the utmost ancient constitution, and Saxony from its consequence, therefore, that those who legitimate monarch. Such persons were have hitherto borne the weight of carrying uofit to reform other States; they wanted on the war, and must again bcar the burden reformation at home, Mr. Waithman reof the new contest, should not only have minded the Livery that they had petitiontheir eyes opened to the true state of mat- cd against the Property Tax and the Corn ters, but that they should be acquainted Bill; and though their prayers had 'not with the names of those Members of Par- been heard, it was most essential they liament, who have endeavoured to stem should petition Parliament against the war. the torreut which threatens to overwhelm He condemned the conduct of the Allies Europe.
in putting Bonaparte out of the pale of The Common IIall was held on Thurs- the law. They had no right, he said, to day the 27th ult. The Lord Mayor, after proscribe any individual; such a power the requisition had been read, addressed belonged only to the Supreme Being, the Livery, and intimated, that as far as [Here a most violent clamour ensued; a his authority would go, he should endea- great number of persons hissed and invour to procure cach speaker silence and terrupted Mr. Waithman, exclaimingriderly attention. Mr. Iaithman then off, off! No friends of Bonaparte! &c.] stood forward, and said, he had never ap- The Lord Mayor then came forward, and peared before the Livery on a more impor- silence being obtained, said the Livery tant subject than that he had to propose would recollect that he was sworn to preto them. He did not appear for the pur- serve the peace and public tranquillity, pose of discussing any particular form of and he was determined to maintain it.
As government, or the rights of individuals, the meeting had been called for a quiet but it was to recognize the great basis of discussion of the subject, they would the Constitution. Twenty years ago, he doubtless give the Speakers on both sides said, he addressed them on the same ques- the question an equal cliance of being tion, namely, on the principle of engaging heard. If they did not observe order he in war without just cause of war. What should be under the necessity of putting ever might be said in other quarters, he an end to the Common Hall. Mr. Waithcould venture to say, the citizens of Lon- man then resumed his arguments against don did not see the cause of war. The the war, and having condemned the req principle he should endeavour to inculcate newal of the Property Tax, and all the war arrangements, concluded amidst loud to interfere in onr internal concerns, we cannot uproar and interruption, by moving the but consider auy attempt to dictate to Piauce, or following resolutions, which embodied to any other country, the form or mode of its GoDearly the whole of his speech.
vernment--the person who shall or shall not be
at the head of sneh Goverument, or in any way Resolved,—That this Common Hall, having re. to interfere in its internal policy and regulations, cently witnessed the marked disregard shewn to as highly impolitic, and manifestly unjust, and the Petitions from this city, and those of the war deprecate all attempts to involve tliis country in tion at large, are the more strongly confirmed in a war for such an object-a war against those the conviction of the corrupt state of the repre principles, which this vation has ever maintained sentation, and the total want of sympathy in opi- and acted upon. pion and feeling between the House of Conimons Torn by the miseries and calamities of the late and the people.
devastating war; still tasting the bitter fruits of That these considerations would, under circum. that protracted confliet; and no means having stances of less importance, have deterred ns from beeu adopted to lessen our national burtliens, by the exercise of a right which appears to have been those pecessary retrenchments in the national exrendered nugatory; but hopeless as we fear it is penditure so earnestly and so repeatedly called again to address that Hon. House, yet, at a crisis for by the people; but, on the cootrary, an Act so momentous—when a determination appears to has been passed, restricting the importation of have been so strongly manifested by the Ministers. corn, by which a tax is virtually imposed of seveof the Crown again to plunge this devoted coun. sal millions per annum upon food, and entailing twy into the horrors of war-we feel it to be an upon us in times of peace one of the greatest evils imperious duty to our coantry, ourselves, and produced by the war. Before, therefore, we are posterity, to use every constitntional means to- plunged into another war, and in support of sucla wards averting from the uation the overwhelming principles, we might ask what has been gaiued by calaurities with which it is menaced.
the immense sacrifices we have already made? That the Livery of London have seen, with and, contemplating the disastrous consequences feelings of abhorrence, the Declarations and Trea of a failure in this new contest, the people have a ties of the Allied Powers, and to which are af. right to demand what advantages are proposed fixed the names of British Ministers, wherein are even in the event of its success, or at least to be ayowed and promulgated the monstrous avd unsatisfied that hostilities are únavoidable, and that heard-of principles, that the breach of a Con every means of fair and honourable negociation veptiou by a Sovereign “ destroys the only legal have been exerted, and had proved iveffectual. * title on which his existence depended-places That to enter into such a contest in the present a him withont the pale of civil and social relations state of the country, with all onr national funds " --reuders him liable to public vengeance”-and mortgaged to their utmost bearing, and that withe that, consequently, “ there can be neither peace out an effort at pegociation : or to refuse to con.
por truce with bim;"—principles revolting to the clude a treaty with any power, under the prefeeling of civilized society-repugnant to the sumption that such treaty may, at some remote riglits, liberties, and security of all States—and period, be broken, appears to us an act of insaevincing a combination, or rather a conspiracy, uity--putting to hazard not only the property and which, if once sanctioned, would lead to couse. happiness of families, but the very existence of quences the most dreadful and alarming, and for the British Empire, and tending to exclude for which there is no parallel iu the history of the ever from the world the blessings of peace. world.
Were the impolicy of a new war npon such That, recollecting the noble struggles which priuciples, aud under such circumstances, at all our ancestors have made for re-establishing and doubtful, or were Government at all to be bene. preserving their liberties—recollecting the fre- fited by the result of experience, we need but re. quent reformations they have made in the Go cal to recollection the memorable Manifesto of veriment—that they have always maintained and the Duke of Brunswick at the commencement of exercised this right and that the august family the late contest--a Manifesto which had the effect now upon the throne, derived the right to the of arousing and uniting all the energies of the Crown, not by hereditary claims, but opou the le- Freuch nation, and gave that victorious impulse gitimate foundation of all authority, the choice of to her arms which endangered the liberties of the people and indignantly disclaiming, as onr Europe; we need but call to recollection, that ancestors have done, all righit iu Foreigu Powers during the progress of that war, notwithstuuding
the immense sacrifices of British blood, and wan- Resolved--That the said Petition be fairly ton waste of British treasure, lavished in subsi- transcribed, and sigved, by the Right Hon. the dizing Allies to fight in their own cause, we have Lord Mayor, two Aldermen, and twelve Livery. not unfrequently seen those powers, who entered men, and presented to the Honourable House of into the contest in alliance with this country, Commons, by the Representatives of this City in abandon that alliance, and joined in league with Parliament. France, endeavouring to exclude us from the Resolved Unanimously—That the thanks of Continent of Earope.
this Meeting be given to the Right Hon. the Lord That, after all our sacrifices, and all our exer. Mayor, for liis readioess is calling this Common tions, in the common cause, we failed to procure Hall, and for bis strict impartiality in presiding from one Sovereign that tribute to Humanity, over the debates of this day. the Abolition of the Slave Trade ; and beheld an- Resolved That the thanks of this Common otlier Monarch commence his career by re-esta-i Hall be given to Mr. Robert Waithman and Mr. blishiug tbe Inquisition, persecuting the best pa. Samuel Favel, for their zeal and ability shewn triots of the conntry, and even prohibiting the upon all occasions conducive to the public wel. introduction of British manufactures into his do. fare, and so conspicuously manifested this day. minions.
Mr. Favel condemned the Declaration That the Livery of London have ever been, of the Allies, the Property Tax, the Corn and now are, ready to support the honour, the Bill, and the policy on which the war character, and the interests of the British Empire, was to be renewed.-Mr. Perring proand to resist every act of aggression ; but, seeing fessed himself unable to comprehend the all the consequences of the late war, looking at nature of resolutions which seemed to him the depressed state of the country, the burthens to wander far from the object in view; the. and privations of the people, the financial diffi- language, however, of the requisition was, culties, the uncertainty and hazards of war, seeing intelligible, and to that he would confine likewise that France has disclaimed all intention himself. If he understood the question, of interfering io the concerus of other pations, it was to decide whether the country that she has declared her determination to adhere should or not, under the present circumto the Treaty of Paris, that she has made pacific stances, enter on a war against the Go. overtures to the different Allied Powers, has vernment of France. He was not prealready abolished the Slave Trade, and given other pared to afford any sanction to such a indications of retarning to principles of equity and war. Although he cordially agreed with, moderation; and holding, as we do, all wars to a Right Ilon. Gentleman, whom he consi. be unjust, unless the injury sustained is clearly dered not only the most eloquent, but one defined, and redress by negociation canvot be ob- of the soundest statesmen (Mr. Plunkett,) tained; and more particularly holding in abhor. that we should be justified in such a war rence all attempts to dictate to, or interfere with, so far as the right went; it by no means other nations in their internal concerns, we can followed that it would be expedient to not bnt protest against the renewal of hostilities, exercise such a right. He entertained as neither founded in justice nor necessity. great doubts of such expediency. He
That it is with feelings of indignation we per- distrusted the elements of which the proceive bis Majesty's Ministers bave proposed the posed alliance was composed :-let it not renewal of that most galling, oppressive, and be imagined, that although it consisted of hateful Inquisition, the T'ax upon Income, an In the same nations, that only twelve months quisition which had, in consequence of the uni- since drove France within nearly her anversal execration it excited, been recently and cient limits, it was therefore formed of the reluctantly abandoned, and which we had hoped same materials; he feared that the Concould never have been again renewed, at least gress at Vienpa had effected a lamentable during the existence of that generation who reo change in its composition (applause). membered its oppressions.
The league against France had been irreThat a Petition be presented to the House of sistible, because the people felt the cause Commons, praying them to interpose their au- their own, and every heart beat in unison thority to stop a weak, rash, and infatuated Ad. with the Government. Would the people ministration in their mad and frightful career, of this country feel that they had now and to adopt such measures as may best pre- such an interest in the contest, as to in. serve the peace and promote the prosperity of duce them to submit with chearfulness to the nation.
the sacrifices it would require? That our resources were ample to maintain any con- rulers and laws by which they were to be test in which our honour and real interests governed. Louis XVIII. was as much were felt to be at stake, he was well con- the legitimate heir to the Crown of Engvinced (loud cheering); but it was neces- i land as France, being in some degree resary that there should be an unanimity on lated to the Stuarts. Ile contended, amidst the point, which did not appear to exist loud groans, hissing, and interruption, on the present subject. Mr. Perring con. which continued some time, that war was sidered that there was but one safe course unjust and impolitic.--Mr. Thompson, anto pursue-which was to be prepared :- other vehement orator, supported the Refor whatever other_Gentlemen might solutions, and eulogized his friend Mr. think, he suspected Bonaparte, notwith Waithman.-Mr. S. Diron opposed the standing all his professions of moderation, sentiments averse to war. The advocates and he should as soon expect the Ethio- of Bona parte were so deluded by their pian to change his skin or the leopard his idol, that they lost all recollection that he spots, as that Bonaparte would prove was a man who had never kept one engagedifferent from what the last twenty years ment in his life. He was a man who had had shewn him to be. He gave his assent violated every oath, every declaration he to the proposed Resolutions so far as they had made. Would any man among them went to prevent the country being preci- make a contract with a person who had pitated into a war, of the policy of which broken his faith as Bonaparte had? He he confessed himself doubtful.--Mr. Ilunt, expressed a liope that the Livery of Lonof Bristol, gave his decided support to the don would not disgrace themselves by Resolutions, and contended with uncom- agreeing to the resolutions, which would mon assurance, that there was no pretence prove a precious morsel for Bonaparte
French messengers had proved and his friends. He protested against the that the intentions of France were peace- resolutions. A most violent clamour able; they were ready to abide by the again rendered the appearance of the Chief peace of Paris ; although it was forced Magistrate necessary. The Lord Ma on them, they were willing to continue having again restored order, Mr. Dixon at peace on those terms. It was his concluded by recommending the Livery opinion, if the war was renewed, that it to oppose a proceeding established on would be a war of unjust aggression. It theory and abstract reasoning. Mr. was a war to set the Bourbons on the Flower (a printer) entered a long train of throne. Some years ago a crusade was objections to the conduct of the Allied undertaken by the Powers of Europe Sovereigns. The Emperor of Austria against the rights of man, and if the peo- had been as much the enemy of his counple went to war now it would be for the try as Bonaparte, and by breaking his same object. He denied that Louis the treaties, had shewn himself actuated by Eighteenth was the legitimate King of the same policy as his son-in-law. HavFrance. He was descended from Hugh ing contended that the French had the Capet, who forfeited the throne; the peo. right of making their own rules and rulers, ple having decreed that the Bourbons he gave his support to the resolutions. should cease to reign, none of that House Mr. Waithman made a reply. The resocould be called legitimate heirs to the lutions were then read and agreed to by crowo. The people had not only the a large majority of hands. It was next right of dethroning kings, but of taking off agreed, that the resolutions should be emtheir heads, if they despised the laws. The bodied in a Petition to be presented to the people of England not only took off the House of Commons by the City Members. head of Charles the First, but drove the Mr. Waith man then moved the Thanks Stuarts from the throne. The Sovereigns of the Mecting to the Lord Mayor, for of England had since held their govern- his readiness in granting the Meeting, &c.; meat by law. They were legitimate sove- and the same being unanimously carried, reigns, but if they were to disobey the the Lord Mayor returned thanks. Mr. laws of the people they govern, and were Hunt then moved the Thanks of the Mectdeprived by the nation of their rights, they ing to Mr. Waithman, for the able manwould cease to be legitimate. The people ner in which he had conducted the busibad the sole and absoluto right of electing ness of the day. Mr. Thompson seconded