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land, with the intention of subverting our | May it tot rather be said that no one ti! glorious constitution, tnat it could proceed be at peace with him?---Let the experi. twenty miles without meeting a successful ment be fairly tried. Even the honest opposition, if not a total annihilation? ox, by constantly goading, will turn again. Two months have elapsed since Napoleon's The war party contidently arer, that the arrival in France. Still all remainis tran- combat once begun will soon, very soon quil. Time has been al lowed to re- terminate; that the overwhelming armies move that astonishment, which, it is pre- of the Allies will give no chance for the tended, deprived the nation of all motion “ tyrant's" escape. It is much easier to and sense of feeling. The wheels of go- say what shall be done than to accomplish vernment, through all France,proceed with it. Let such silly advocates turn their atthe same regularity and order as though tention to the state of France at the time it had been of long standing. There ap- the celebrated Duke of Brunswick entered pears to be no difficulty in making ap- that fine country with his in human Propointinents to any office, or of forming in- clamation. It will be remembered that stitutions, which would do honour to any France was then disorganized, her councils country. The abolition of the Slave divided, the army scattered; no rallying Trade, and the establishment of popular point to look at, and the people dissatisfied Education; these two acts alone will and tumultuous. Yet with all these dishand Napoleon's name down to future advantagės, the invading army was disages with gratitude. Formerly he puzzled comfitted, beaten, confounded, and disthe Sovereigns of Europe by the splendour graced. The condition of France at this of his arms. Now he puzzles them by his time will not bear a comparison. Its premoderation. He assures the world " he sent advantages are infinitely superior to “ will not be the aggressor.” That “ his the former period. The kingdom is uni“ first wish is to become useful in estab-ted. The army organised, and the re“ lishing the repose of Europe;" to prove sources great ; so that they are in a condiwhich he has sent pacific overtures to the tion to wage war with any who have tedifferent powers now arming against him. merity enough to combat with them. These powers.trave not disclosed the pro- France has again exercised the unalienable positions. All that is known, therefore, right which every nation possesses. She respecting them, must be gathered from has called Napoleon to the throne, and what he, or the French government, have peace reigns throughout her vast empire. said on the subject. France seeks no en- Millions rejoice at his arrival. Can any largement of dominion, nor desires to in principle in equity justify a war which terfere with the internal government of has no better foundation than personal other countries. She is willing to acceed revenge? Must the peace, order, and to the conditions entered into at the close tranquillity of one of the finest countries of the war. What more is wanted? The in the world be desolated and distracted sanguinary hirelings of the day inform us, by a war faction, because one man lives? that nothing short of Napoleon's life will Is the naked spear to find a grave in satisfy them; that Europe and the world slaughtered multitudes? Must the ravages can be safe and happy only in his death. of war kindle up a flame, and convulse all But,bribes and rewards have as yet proved Europe, because one man exists who is obineffectual to accomplish the pious design. noxious to us? The very idea overwhelms Napoleon, they inform us, is so perfidious the human heart with terror and dismay a character that he violates his treaties. How tremendously awful will be the reDoes this charge exclusively belong to the sponsibility of that faction who encourages Emperor of France? Have no solemn en- and commences the devastating carnage! gagements been disregarded by others? Humanity bleeds at the anticipated proNapoleon aud Murat, King of Naples, re- speot.-Yours respectfully, tort the same charge, with equal confi.

MERCATOR. dence, on the allies. If it is right to in. vade France because treaties have been

ABDICATION OF BONAPARTE. broken, where is the country that may not be invaded? Again, the friends of war Mr. COBbert.-- In the publication of say, Napoleon is such a restless tyrant the celebrated treaty of Fontainbleau, a that no one can live in peace with him. I treaty that will probably be regarded by remote posterity as one of hoaxing me-called to that high office by the very mory, you judiciously observed, that the sovereignty of the people, the only legicharacter, the tenor, and political impor- timate source of magisterial appointment, tance of its terms with reference to Bona- and the undisguised terror and dismay of parte, appeared to be such as better de despots. It is now very generally, though noted a conquering than a vanquished absurdly enough, objected by the vndispower. They certainly proved the mili-criminating adversaries of the French Ein. tary resources of the then imperial govern peror, that the Allies were blameable, ment of France, and evinced, that a dread bay, almost criminal, in suffering so dana was felt on the part of the Allies at put-gerous a person to be stationed so near the ting to risk the possible issue of a proa shores of France as in the island of Elba; tracted contest. Its continuance must that if circumstances did not exactly admit indeed have been most sanguinary. Its of putting him to death, yet the least cessation, therefore, by any conceivable that could have been done with him, con, means, was preferable to urging on the horsistently with the security of Europe, was rible work of carnage. Humanity owes the to have placed him where he never could homage of gratitude to all the conflicting be again on the political arena of the parties, for acceding to the pacific stipula- world. In short, that he should have tions of the treaty of Fontainbleau. Whe- been dungeoned for life. Ilow pretty is ther that arrangement was founded on a all this, in petty, in childish resentment; secret understanding, that the abdication but how mighty foolish to attempt imposof the imperial throne was to be but tem-sibilities. The military power of Bonaporary, is a circumstance with respect to parte, coupled with the resources of his the public articles, only to be vindicated vast mind, was greater at the time he by the modern justification that has been signed the treaty of Fontainbleau than so often offered of state artifices and that of all Europe put together. It might chicanery. Considering the bad faith with be difficult to gain credit for this assertion, which the French Emperor had been had not the recent expression of the militreated by his former Allies, it was a sort tary feeling of France in his favour incon. of ruse de guerre, or rather de paix, trovertibly proved its correctness. It was which merits more properly to be regarded reserved for the year 1815 to give, to the as an adroit piece of lex tullionis than as astonished world, an instance of a person a flagrant instance of mala fides. But who had incurred the remorseless rethe warranty of Bonaparte for resuming proaches, and indecent vilifications of the French throne, is affirmed to rest on a the governing part of nations, being redirect violation of the avowed conditions ceived, as it were by one heart and hand, of that treaty. The non-performance of by millions of a populace devoted to his the stipulations respecting the Italian military, his political, and his moral dutchies to his Empress and Son, and the virtues. Ancient Rome furnishes instances alledged design of wresting from him the of the military transferring the imperial sovereignty of Elba, are criminating diadem to favourite individuals; but then proofs of the want of good faith in the it was when the situation was vacillating contracting parties.-Independently of the between contending favourites. France voice of the French people, loud and presents a spectacle of receiving a banished heart-felt, in recalling their expatriated Emperor into her bosom; of his traversing Emperor, his right to the throne of France the extensive regions of that populeus is founded on a violation of treaty ; 0 country, to the very capital, in a manuer that what might have been a moral abdi- more like making a pleasureable excursion cation had the conditions of obtaining it than as performing a hazardous enterbeen observed, ceased to have any autho- prise; of his being every where openly rity the moment these conditions were caressed; of his finally reaching the scat violated. It does, therefore, appear, that of government without an opposing hot the throne reverts to him as his undoubted having been fired; and all this in the right, even were it not imposed on him midst of some shew and much legislative by the free and universal acclamation of prattle about heroic resistance to his an approving people. No potentate on progress. The Bourbon government thus earth can have a better right to sovereign summarily supplanted, was strong in form authority than Bopaparte. Ple is again | but wholly destitute of that substantial power which is only to be found in the city; all these concurring circumstances, hearts of the governed. Legislators however much they served to recommend may strut in office, and talk largely, but this document to the notice of the conwithout the authority emanating from ductors of our newspapers, seem to have public confidence, it dwindles into mere been considered by this venal crew, as afpuppeti-m, and becomes the Vor et præ- fording good cause for its suppression. terea nihil. A potentate like Bonaparte, Even the conductor of the Morning Chro. seated in the rightful throne of his people's nicle, whose columns have lately been choice and attachment, cannot be shifted stuffed with, what he has been pleased to from his imperial eminence without an call, “ Most important State Papers," but extent of carnage that can never be war- which no one else regarded in that light; ranted, and which cannot be hazarded at least, which possessed only a secondary without drawing on its authors execration character. Even, I say, the penetraling, and ruin.

VERITAS. the impartial, the liberal politician, Mr.

Perry, could not, or rather, would not,

pablish this interesting letier, in his iminaINTERESTING DOCUMENTS.-In my last culate journal. If he believed it a forI had rccasion to censure all our corrupt gery, why not say so, and give his reasons newspapers for suppressing the petition, for the assertion. If he considered it ge. and, some of them, the resolutions of the nuine, he merits execration for rejecting it. Livery of London against the threatened In refusing a place to a document of so war with France. I accused them of pub- much interest, he gives the most convincing lishing every thing calculated to inflame proofs that he is influenced by base and the prblic mind against the people and go. sordid motives, and that all his boasted at. vernment of France, and to promote inter- tachment to the people's rights, is mere minable war; I said that they carefully pretence, mere hypocritical cant, which kept out of view all those arguments, those is the more pernicious that it is wrapt in statements of fact, and those public docu- the veil of sincerity and truth. The fol. ments which demonstrate the impolicy of lowing is the letter to which I allude, and hostilities, and furnish a clear and explicit which, as far as I have been able to discoexposition of the actual state of France, ver, has not appeared in any of our newsthe stability of the government, and the papers, except in the Postscript of the 7th devotion of the people to their present instant.-I bope the conductor, or conruler. This I have repeatedly shown to ductors, of that journal, whoever he or le the way in which our corrupt press is they may be, will meet that support, which almost universally conducted. I have his, or their impartiality, in this instance, now before me a remarkable proof of this, merits. it' any proof was wanting to establish the fact. A Sunday newspaper, entitled the Copy of a Dispatch from the Duke of

Otranto to Prince Metternich. Postscript, professing to be conducted on liberul principles, contained, in its last My Prince-Every event has connumber, two documents, the one bearing firmed what I predicted to you six months to be a letter from Murat, king of Naples, ago. You were too pre-occupied to hear to our Prince Regent, full of pacific senti- me; hearken to me now with attention ments, and the other a dispatch from the and confidence; we may, in the peculiar Duke of Otranto (Fouche) to Prince Met-circumstances and the imminent situations ternich the Austrian Minister. This last in which we are placed, influence in a I have given below. It will be read, I powerful manner, the approaching and am sure, with great attention by all who perhaps eternal destinies of France, of deprecate war, and who are friendly to li- Austria, and of Europe. You are deberty. Nothing, indeed, could have been ceived respecting what is going on, and better written to expose the folly and futi- what is preparing in the midst of us.-lity of the arguments adduced by the war | You will judge of the reports of a people faction. But the ability which the writer rash and blinded by the misfortunes which bas displayed, the conviction which every strike without the power to enlighteu them. line carries with it of its truth, and the in- You are given to understand at Vienna, ternal crideuce which it bears of authenti- that Napoleon has been brought back to

the throne by the army alone; that there to cause them to believe that they owe no. are none on his side but a soldiery drunk thing to the justice which is due to all with war. But forth with you will know other men, and that in consideration of that our army has not been recruited in their personal hatred to Napoleon, they public houses. Generals, Captains, solo are authorised to rob the French of the diers, all are drawp entirely from the sacred right of their independence, abso. bosom of the nation; and for 25 years lute and without limit, in the choice our army has executed almost always of the Chief of the Empire.- Victory their wishes and the laws by the most has several times placed the political brilliant victories. How dare you tell us existence of the Powers of the North that it is the army alone which votes for at the mercy of the Emperor Napoleon, Napoleon ? Our legions do not range and he has not wished to erase any one themselves more promptly under their of them from the lists of nations. It is the colours than the Nation itself around his wish of Alexander, whose name is revered person and his throne. Almost every amongst us, to dispense with our render. where on his roate, the popular insurrec- ing to his virtues the homage which they tions in his favour preceded the presence merit? Does the Emperor of Austria, in of Napoleon. The Bourbons, reduced to dethroning, contrary to bis interests and seek in every place a Vendee, have not those of his monarchy, his son-in-law, found it even in La Vendee itself. Of so and his grand-son, wish to prove to the many armies of volunteers, which they | world, by the most astovishing and ausaid they had in the South, not one is thentic of all examples, that amorg the formed; and though some little bands most hideous of all the sentimo.ints of trembled while they had at their head the human nature, hatred is that which has the Duke of Angouleme, they are become in greatest sway over kings ? "The people trepid by passing under the tri-coloured are not disposed to beliove it: and in this flag. The power of the nation consists in | age of revolutions it might be better to take its talents as much as in its armed force. care to dissuade them from it. In short, They think now, or they express them- my Prince, when it shall be beyond doubt selves with respect to Napoleon, in the that France is resolved to display all her same manner in the towns, in the acade forces, to expose a}{ her destinies to sup. mies, and in the camps. Without doubt, port on his throne the man who is the liberty has been much restricted, but it object of her pride, who alone seems to has never been destroyed. Glory, at least, her capable of guaranteeing all the exiswas a compensation for France; she de- tences and all the relations proceeding from sired not aggrandisements of which we ab- Revolution ; will the Princes at the Cor:jure the abuse; but she was not able to gress make the attempt, perhaps a vain support the abasement when she had one, to tear him from his throne, at the thrown off the government of the Bour- price of all the torrents of blood which bons. The French people feel the ex- this rew war will cause to be spilled :treme want of peace, they wish it as they What pretexts will cover so many outwish for happiness; but if they be forced races on reason, on justice, and on humainto a war, they believe that, under Na- wity ?- They pretend that Napoleon canpoleon, they will not suffer disgrace. We not offer any guarantee with respect to . do not wish, say the Powers assembled in the durability of the peace of Europe ; but Congress, to oblige France to take the what a strange mode of seeking this guaBourbons again; but Napoleon will not rantee, to commence their research by be recognised by us. : France must choose replunging Europe in all the fury and another Chief; for, to restrict her, they horrors of war!-On the contrary, every add, we shall have, if necessary, 900,000 thing announces, every thing establishes, men.--I shall not stop to discuss here the that any Prince in Europe, at the present principles of the rights of nations : it is too time, cannot give this guarantee of peace evident that they are all violated by a si. in the same degree as Napoleon.-No one milar pretention. The Emperor Napoleon has experienced so many dangers and via may demand from the Emperor of Russia, cissitudes of war, so many unexpected and from the Emperor of Austria, from the terrible reverses, as Napoleon. It is, in King of Prussia, in what manner he has fact, a new life, as well as a new reign, merited from them, a hatred so violent, as I which the Emperor Napoleon cominentes,

after having understood, during a year, in rant and too barbarous even to understand the Island of Elba, as in a tomb, every their own interests. On the approach of thing which truth as well as hatred, has the Emperor Napoleon, and his armies, told in Europe, respecting his first reign marching with animation to songs of and his first life.--In fine, my Prince, liberty, Kings may be abandoned by their France has given herself a new Consti- subjects, as the Bourbons bave been by tution, which will not be a vain charter. the soldiers on whom they depended with It is no longer possible to use subtilty and such confidence. Every throne will be deceit. The force of things will neces- subverted before kings will learn how to sarily bring order and justice into social gogern; and how many evils will be the life. --- Our Constitution constitutes two work of Princes, capable by their virtues Chambers. The sittings in both will be of rendering happy the greatest part of public. Thus France and Europe will the world.-llow much will those Mo-: understand every thing which will be said närchs and humanity be indebted to you, on peace and war; and every war, which my Prince, if, by the wisdom of your shall not be one of justice and evident counsels, you can dissuade them from the necessity, shall paralyse with terror the determination, in which they oppose inteman who would kindle it in Europe, al rests and passions over which they ought ready bleeding from so many wars. The to have no controul. I have only to coalesced Powers plume themselves on the renew, with the most lively expresssion, immeuse number of men which they can to your Highness, the assurances of the collect. But, perhaps they may have highest consideration. calculated erroneously -- they may be (Signed) THE DUKE OF OTRANTO. deceived. If it were true, as they give out, Paris, April 23, 1815. that they have 900,000 men, fit for action, France, who was already 500,000, will

LETTER FROM MR. BIRKBECK. soon have a milion. I seek not to exaggerate the exultation which, in a similar

Wanborough, May 4, 1815. war, will fix all the senses, and the enthu- SIR--The little work which has received siasm with which their souls will be trans- your favourable notice is now going ported. Every man in France will be through a fourth edition. The appendix coine a soldier; every article of iron will to the first, which I take the liberty of be fabricated into a sabre, n bryonet, or a sending you, was printed separately for musket, every where, as in 1799, will be the accommodation of the purchasers of established manufactories of salt.petre, of the first. powder, and of cannon. From the Rhine It is due to you as well as to myself to to the Pyrennees, from the Mediterranean state, that I dont feel myself called upon to the Ocean, the diversions of the pea- by the new position which Napoleon has sants, on Sundays and holidays, will be assumed, to qualify the terms in which I wilitary exercises ; every commune, every have censured the principles of his former village will be transformed into barracks; government, because I am quite convinsed and the entire population of the Empires that they were hostile to the best interests arrayed as the National Guards, will be of his people, and perfectly inconsistent prepared to live in tents.--Already does with political freedom. i'rance resound with war-songs, in which

I should have lamented as sincerely as the acquirers of national domains, who I pow rejoice at his restoration, had he, harbour fears for their property'; the like Louis, recorereri the throne unia. friends of reason, who have been threat strileted by adversity, or through any ened with the return of superstition; the orher means than the consent of the peoa: military, whose glory they have wished to ple, conditionally granted. tarnish ; in short, all classes of citizens Infatuated by success, be forget that he sepeat with enthusiasm their ardent ex- owed it to the energles of a nation strugpressions of passions the most dear, and gling for freedom; and, mixing himself, the most terrible. In this war, which will with kings, he because a fee to that liberty be, in fact, a crusade against the inde- from which he derived his greatness. Ha pendence of a nation, the contagion of the now acknowledges his error, and, if it be principles of the French Revolution, may in good faith, it is an instance of magass. find their way amongst people too igao nimity new to the page of history,

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