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the proportion of from 90 to 40, during 'passed the Legislature, appointing a the creation of 700 millions of Debt, will Navy Board. Commodores llull, Bainnot another 5 or 600 millions take away bridge, and Rodgers, it is expected, will the whole of your estates? If you cannot “ be appointed Admirals, and put in comfind any, answer to these statements; if ' mission. A very powerful force, under they be true, and you are obliged to ac- the command of Commodore Bainbridge, knowledge them to be true, why should is now fitting out for Algiers : it will conyou shut your eyes to your danger? Is it sist of two new 74-gun ships, five frithe part of wise men; 'is it the part of gates, and ten sloops of war.
If I am men of common sense, to act thus ? not mistaken, the Algerines will rue the
The calamity of which I have been day when they provoked the vengeance speaking, I mean your total ruin, is to be of our tars. The Guerriere, under the prevented; but, it is to be prevented solely command of Morgan, sailed from this by peace and cconomy; that is, by getting port yesterday for New York, where she rid of all the heavy expences, except that is to be joined by the Constellation and of the National Debt. If all the other ex- • Javu frigates, from the Chesapeake, and pences were reduced to the standard of the United Smutes and Macedonian from 1792; if the Army, the Navy, the Civil Long Island Sound: these frigates, with List, were brought down to the state of six sloops of war, form the first division that year, the interest of the Debt might against Algiers, and it is said that 2,000 still be paid, and that, too, without a Corn 6 of Brown's rifle veterans will go with the Bill. It is, therefore, for peace and eco- 6 squadron. The whole nation is decided nomy that you ought to petition, instead of for a navy: the Pennsylvania, a 74-gun joining in the cry of war, and in the abuse ship, will be launched at this place in the of those who have endeavoured, and are 6 month of Nay. Large quantities of still endeavouring, to prevent that cala-(timber are daily brought down the Dela. mity, a great one to us all, but to you a ware and Soluyllkill for ship building. thousand times greater than to any other. It is no more extraordinary than true, class of the community. Wm. COBBETT. - with what dispatch they build ships of Botley, i6th May, 1815.
war in this country. The Peacock, of 18 guns, was built at Newbury Port in
( 18 working days! The Wasp was built LETTER VIII.
6 at New York in 20 days! The Superior, TO TIE, Earl of LIVERPOOL. Commodore Chauncy's flag-ship, of 64
guns, on Lake Ontario, took up only 30 On the Naval Force of the United States
days from the laying of her keel until of Ainerica.
6 she had all her guns on board, and was My Lord,-From the beginning, and ready for a cruize. It is said Congress before the beginning, of the late war with intend to have the frames of the Lake America, I thought it my duty to warn squadron removed to the Atlantic.' – you, that, one of the consequences of that Now, what does your Lordship think of war would be the creating of a great Na- this? Do you think, that it indicates any val Force in that country. I endeavoured thing of that desire, of which you were to describe to you the immense means of pleased to speak some time ago, on the America for such a purpose. ller fine part of the American people to put themrivers, bays, and harbours; her excellent selves under the protection of his Majesty's ship-builders, her hemp, iron, pitch, and government? Or, do you now begin to timber, all of her own produce; and, above think with me, that it indicates the speedy all, her matchless seamen. of the truth appearance of an American Fleet of 20 of this account you and your colleagues ships of the line and as many frigates on must, by this time, be pretty well con- the Ocean ? Really, my Lord, this is of vinced; but, I cannot help quoting, and far greater consequence to us, and to the addressing to you, a paragraph from the world, than the erecting of Hanover and T'imes newspaper of the 16th instant, in Ilolland into kingdoms. The “regular the following words :-“ Extract of a let- government” of Algiers will now find, I
ter from Philadelphia, dated the 17th dare say, that it must change its course; 66 of March :
-Congress have at length but, the American Navy will not be emdetermined to have a navy-a Bill has ployed solely against this very “ regular
government." It will, and it must, make awhile, to make conquests. But, as Proa figure in the world. It must act a great vidence has permitted him to come back to part. l'our years will swell it to a re- France, and even to put out the Bourbons, spectable size. Before the end of that why may not Providence permit him, in tine, if we have war with France, I pre- case France is attacked, first to defend dict, that we shall see an American fleet her, and then to sally forth in pursuit of of great force, cari ying its “bits of striped her assailants? bunting" across the Atlantic.
If this should be the case, I think we It is for you, my Lord, who are a states. may rely upon seeing the American Admin man and a prime minister, and for your rals in our seas; and, therefore, this bright colleague, who has recently returned should come in as an item in our estifrom Vienna; it is for you, and not for mates of the consequences of war, if now me, to say precisely what will be the con- made against France. With a stout Ame. sequences of this very important change rican ileet at sea, our IVest India Colonies, in the naval power of the world; but, as it and the Azores, belonging to our ally, is à Yankey subject, I will venture to Portugal, would be in any thing but a saguess, that the friendship of Jonathun tisfactory state. In short, it would rewill soor begin to be courted by every quire fifty ships of the line and fifty frination who has either ships or commerce; gates to defend them all. The Slave and, that, even alreaciy, some of them has Trade would soon be at an end, and the their eye upon alliunces to be foimed with whole face of the naval and commercial him, in order to deprive us of the power world would be changed. The fleets of of exercising a mastership on the high France would revive. Example, emula. seas.
At present the main use that I tion, have powerful effects. I beg you to would make of the above information, is, think well, and in time, of these things. to urge it on you as a reason for remaining I beg you to take your eyes, for a little, at peace with France. I do not want to from Ilanover and Belgium, and to cast see an American newspaper to kyow what them on the other side of the Atlantic, the people in that country will think of where you will see what is much more the threatened war in Europe. I know da:gerous to England then is the army of they will not have patience to read on. Napoleon, numerous and brave as that single article in the T'imes newspaper with army may be. out throwing it down, and crying out for
I am, &c.
Wm. COBBETT. more ships to be built and manned. The Botley, 17th May, 1815. war ended in a way to provoke and at the P.S. On looking over a file of Amesame time to encourage them. The past, rican papers, which have just reached me, I the future, resentment, glory; every thing find the following official letter from the will concur in favouring wishes for a new Secretary of the Navy, to the Committee contest; and, though they build ships of ways and means of the House of Revery quickly in peace, they would do it presentatives. It clearly shews, that more quickly in war.
" the encouragement and gradual increase Some will say, that, seeing this danger, of the nuvy (as observed by the National we ought, without delay, to fall upon Na-“ intelligencer) is now a national sentipoleon, and to destroy him, conquer ment:"France, and burn or capture all her fleet,
Navy Department, Feb. 28th, i815. 'before the Americans have time to build a Sir-Iu compliance with your requesta large fleet. Yes, if you could be sure of I have the honour to iransmit an estimate doing all this in the course of this summer. of the expences of the navy, reduced to But, if you should fail. Failure is possi- the demands of an establishment, accomble. It is sufficient for us to know, that modated to all the effects of the peace with it is possible. We may, indeed, do all Great Britain, bui at the same time to that is wished; but, we may be obliged to provide for the protection of our commerce come to a peace without doing any part of against the actual hostility of the Dey of it; nay, we may, as in the war of 1793, Algiers. An act that proposes the reduction draw the French armies out of France to of any part of the naval force, is naturally over-run our allies.
Louis le Desiré accompanied with a grateful recollection of ascribes the former successes of Napoleon the service which thut force has rendered to Providence, who permitted him, for to the nation. In the first movements of
the late war, the achievements of the navy should not be disposed to increase the excited admiration and confidence through- vaval establishment, a different course out the United States, shedding a lasting must be pursued. The three seventysplendour upon the American arms. Vic-fours (of which two may be soon comtory has invariably been the result of our pleted for sea, at a small auditional naval combats with an equal force; and expence) should be perfected in their guns even when the surrender to a superior and equipments, and laid up in ordinary force has proved unavoidable, it must be so as to be rearly for service upon the first acknowledged by the world, that those who emergency.-Four frigates should aliays have gained the ship, have not always be manned and ready for sea; and should gained the glory of the battle. Co-ope- be deemed to be in actuul service, together rating with their brave and patriotic bre- with four sloops of war, four small armed thren of the army, the officers and crews vessels (to be principally employed as disa of the American vessels of war have patch vessels) and two gun-boats in each greatly contributed to the honourable principal port. The ilotilla may be disrestoration of peace; and whatever may charged, and the gun-boats (with the exbe the general policy of reducing the naval ception provided for) and the barges may establishment, it must be universally a be generally laid up or sold, as the presifavourite object to secure for those meri- dent may deem most expedient. The torious citizens a participation in the bles- ships and vessels on the lakes, or on the sings which they have conferred upon their stocks for the lake service, may also be country. Permit me, Sir, to take this op- laid up, or sold, as the president shall diportunity of recommending to your atten- rect. But it is respectfully suggested that tion the bill which has received the sanc- no greater reduction of our naval estabtion of the Senate, for creating the rank lishment ought at this time to take place. of Admiral in our vaval service. The The destinies of the nation appear to be measure is suited to the existing naval es- intimately connected with her maritime tablishment, and appears to be necessary, power and prosperity-and as the creation not only as the means of furnishing com- of a nagy is not a work to be quickly permanders of proper rank for our squadrons, formed, it seems necessary not only to but as the means of bestowing professional cherish our existing resources, but to distinction and reward upon the distin- AUGMENT THEM GRADUALLY AND STEAguished veterans of the navy. It has been dily. The purchase of timber, the castseen and lamented, that for want of this ing of guns, and the collection of all other grade of command, the gallantry of a sub- materials for building and equipping vessels ordinate oflicer could be rewarded by of war, at safe and convenient places, are promotion, while his gallant superior objects of the greatest importance ; and officer must remain stationary.
The the actual construction of at least one protection of commerce against the hos- seventy-four and two frigates, is recomtilities of the Dey of Algiers will re- mended upon principles of economy as quire that a strong squadron should well as policy. Smaller vessels of war can be stationed, as as practicable, be built as the occasions occur, but these in the Mediterranean. The Aigerine require time and care. Contracts for a naval force is believed to consist of four supply of two hundred heavy cannon to frigates, four corvettes, four sloops of war, be delivered at New York, Boston, or and twenty gun-boats; but these vessels Portsmouth (which afford at all times an will be covered and aided by the powerful outlett to the ocean) might be advantagebatteries which defend the harbour of ously formed. To these general views, I Algiers. To secure success io our opera- beg leave to add that an appropriation, for tions, therefore, and to commard the ge- the purchase of the vessels captured by neral respect of the Barbary powers, it is Commodore Macdonough on Lake Cham, proposed, that the American squadron plain is necessary; and, as the estimated shall consist of two seventy-fours, six fri- value cannot be now ascertained, the apgates, three sloops of war, and six or eight propriation may be made for such sum as small armed vessels; and an estimate shall be settled and agreed upon, with the of the expence of the expedition ac- approbation of the president. I have the companies this communication. If, how- honour to be, very respectfully, &c. ever, congress should not contemplate
B. W. CROWNINSHIELD. a maritime war against Algiers, and
their fellow townsmen and to themselves, The following documents will show, to publish the Requisition to the Mayor, that the people of this public spirited town and also the Correspondence which has have wished to assemble, in a peaceable ensued thereon; so that the Public may and orderly manner, under their Magis- be thorougly enabled to form a correct trates, to petition agwinst the renewal of opinion of the conduct of the parties conthe war, which wish has been opposed by cerved in this matter. The inhabitants of the Mayor. These documents, which I the town and its vicinity are respectfully insert with all the names attached to them informed, that this business is not abanas a mark of my respect for the town of 'doned, but will be pursued by the ComNottingham, will speak for themselves; mittee, with all the ardour and ability but, I cannot refrain from making à re- of which they are possessed ; and in a mark or two.—'The Mayor refuses to mode which they conceive, under existing call a Meeting, on account, as he says, of circumstances, best calculated to produce “ the unsettled state of the public mind." the desired effect. Why, what is that to the purpose ? The
BY ORDER OF THE COMMITTEE.' people's meeting, discussing the great sub- Nottingham, May 5th, 1815. ject of peace or war, and proposing a pe- " To Joun ASIWEEL, Esq. Mayor. tition, is, one would suppose, the best « SIR.We the undersigned honsekeepers of possible way of settling the public mind. the town and county of the town of Nottingham, What! Then this Gentlemen would, most respectfully solicit you to call a PUBLIC I suppose, never have another election; MEETING of the inhabitants" thereof, at the for, then, it is notorious, that the public first convenient opportunity, to take into consimind is unsettled ; unless, indeed, he deration the propriety and vecessity of PETI. would have, as in the rotten Boroughs, all TIONING HIS ROYAL HIGHNESS THE the matter snugly settled before-hund. PRINCE REGENT, and also the COMMONS He will suffer the people to sneak into House of Parliament, against involving this the Town-IIall to sign a petition. That country, unnecessarily, in a War with France, is, he will suffer them to sign that which because that nation, in imitation of our innot a fiftieth part of them can have an op- mortal forefathers, has thought riglit to choose a portunity of reading. If the petition had Government consistent with its own will." ** been proposed at a public meeting, not Richard Alliott Samuel Doubleday only would it have been read aloud to the John Bryan
W. Blackwell people; not only would they have heard Robert Smith Henry Leaver what it was that they were about to sign, Nathaniel Nead, Jun. Richard Sibert but, they would have been made ac- Jonathan Duny
J. Norweb quainted with all the facts and arguments James Wright William Daft for and against it: they would have been George Bradley John Blackner in possession of the reasons for doing that Samuel Cartledge John Roberts which they were about to do.-What, then, George Johnson John Sands can have been the true cause of this refu- John Kendall
Thomas Yates sal? We shall probably be informed of E. B. Robinson Charles Heald it hereafter.
Robert Webster TO THE INHABITANTS OF NOTTINGHAM Samson Walker George White
Henry Cross " It having been stated, in the Review John Lightfoot E. Milligan of last week, from proper authority, that Christopher Renshaw Jolo Woodward a REQUISITION had been presented to John Wood
Samuel Holland John Ashwell, Esq. Mayor, the purport | Thomas Marshall
William Page of which was to convene a PUBLIC John Henslaw Isaac Meats MEETING, at Guildhall, to consider. James Harriman Josephı Thorpe of the propriety and necessity of PETI- Robert Sewel Maples William Baldock TIONING the PRINCE REGENT, John Parker
William Mason and the HOUSE of COMMONS, on the John Dalby
James Edwards impending War with France; the Com- John Wood
Charles Clarke mittee engaged in this affair, convinced of William Biggs B. Hind the high importance of the subject, feel it Samuel Beardsley James Saxby a momentous duty, which they owe to l John Greaves Edmund Hart
AND ITS VICINITY.
TO MR. CLAYTON.
"TO HR. CLAYTON.
I TO MR. CLAYTON, “ Nottingham, April 29, 1815.
« Nottingham, 2d May, 1815. " SIR-I have, in conformity with my promise bi SIR-I am not aware that your note of the to you, laid the Requisition I had the honour to firsê instant requires from me any particular anreceive, before my brother Magistrates, at a swer. It is the duty of Magistrates to preserve meeting list vight; and after mature deliberation, the public peace always, and to the proper disthey are of opinion with myself, in the present charge of this duly, the attention and exertions unsettled state of the public mind, it would be of the Magistrates of Nottingham, I hope will be better to avoid a Town Meeting upon this occa- | always fuund directed. I am your most bumble sion. If, however, the use of the Guildhall, for servant,
Jorzy Asiw LL.” the purpose of having Petitions lay there to re
“ TO JOHN ASHWELL, ESQ. MAYOR, ceive signatures, would be desirable, it is quite at
“ ŞIR-I have received your letter this after the service of the gentlemen who conduct this noon, and, I must confess, the contents of it do business. I am, Sır, your obedient servant,
not a little surprise me, as it peither contains a • Joun Ashwell, Mayor." candid or explicit answer to rsy letter of the 1st TO JOHN ASHWELL, ESQ. MAYOR. instaut: I did not require of you to poiot out the « Sir-I have had the honour to receive your duty of magistrates, &c.; every man of common letter, which I shall lay before the Committee this capacity must know the line of conduct marked afternoon; shoulel they decide on a public meet- out for them, by THE LAW OF THE LAND, and ing, will you be kind enongh to say whether you it that was more observed, less trouble would acwill permit them to have the use of the Guildhall crue in the conductios of Constitutional or Pobfor that purpose. Waiting your reply, I am, Sir, lic Meetings ; but, it appears, the voice of the
“ J. CLAYTON.” people is neither to be heard nor respected, either.
by one power or the other, but that their suffer. “ Sir-In answer to your letter, the Hall will ings and calamities must be endured without a be ocenpied on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Friday, the Public Meeting that took place respecting
murmur or a sigh. I presume you cannot forget in the next week. I am your obedient servant,
tise Corn Bill, at which you had the loniour of 6 J. ASHWELL."
presiding, and, I have no doubt, you will recol. TO JOHN ASH WELL, ESQ. MAYOR.
lect the manly and correet conduct of it, and su Sir--I had the pleasure of receiving your which you so highly complimented and comesteemed favour of the 29th ivstant, which was mended, and the pledge you gave, to call any laid before the Gentlemen who signed the Requi. Future Public Meeting conducted on the pare sition, for their consjderation; they are extremely principles of the Constitution; and can that presorry to observe that the Guildhall will be oceni- mise be so easily broken! particolariy by the pied on Tuesday, &c. so as to deprive them of Chief Magistrate! whose conduct and expres. the opportunity of meeting in that place, for thesions ought to be as clear as the sun at noon day, sole purpose of cousidering the propriety of ad. without anbiguity. A respectable Requisition dressing the Prince Regent and the House of was handed to you, sigued by persons, if not ricli, Commons on the inspolicy of interfering with the
or possessing great talent, they were honest to internal attairs or regulations which France may their country, and friends of the greatest of bles. chuse to adopt as to ber forni of Government or sings, peace! and the cause of humanity; thereRuler, and not to involve this country again in tore, in my, humble opinion, it became your imWar, with all its evils, wless for objects truly perious duty to have called a Public Meeting, national. Will you, therefore, be kind euiongh to being considered (as far as expressions go) the state explicitly, whether on a subject so highly supporter and advocate of the cause of your important, and a proceeding so truly constituie coluiry. If, Sir, you will give me a direct antional, any protection or countenance may be ex- swer to my last letter, I shall feel obliged; in the pected from the Magistrates, &c. should a Public mean time, I remain, Sir, your obedient humble Meeting take place (in the town)or whether servant,
" J. CLAYTON." such a procredinc soulil meet with opposition ; “ Nottingham, May 2, 1815, I can assure you it is not the wish of the persons It appears that no reply was returned concerned in this busineis, to disturb the repose hy the Mayor of Nottingham to Mr. Clays of the town, &c. Waiting your reply, I remain, ton's urgent and constitutional request. Sir, your most obeilient servant,
Determined, however, not to abandon “ Nottingham, Nay1, 1815.” .“ J. CLAYTON.” | their purpose, the Committee in name of