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and it never was exhibited by the British | by the American general, as necessary to government, or any of its oficers, as mat- his military operations; but as soon as the ter of complaint; until it was asserted in American government heard of it, instructhe address of the governor in chief to tions, dated the 6th of January, 1814, the provincial parliament of Canada, on were given by the department of war, to the 24th of January, 1815, “ that as a major general Wilkinson,“ to disavow the just retribution, the proud capitol at conduct of the officer who committed it, Washington, has experienced a similar and to transmit to governor Provost a copy fate to that inflicted by an American force of the order, under colour of which that on the seat of government in Upper Ca- officer had acted.” This disavowal was nada.” This assertion, having led to an accordingly communicated, and on the inquiry, I am enabled, from official do. 16th Feb. 1814, governor Prorost ancuments, and general information, to state swered, “ that it had been with great satisthe following facts of the case, for the in- faction he had received the assurance, formation of the committee. The town that the perpetration of the burning of the of York, in Upper Canada, was taken by town of Newark, was both unauthorised the American army under the command by the American government, and abhore of General Dearborn, on the 27th of rent to every Anerican feeling; that if any April, 1813, and it was evacuated on the outrages had ensued the wanton and unsucceeding 1st of May; although it was justifiable destruction of Newark, passing again visited for a day, by an American the bounds of just retaliation, they were squadron uuder the command of Commo- to be attributed to the influence of irri. dore Chauncey, on the 4th of August. At tated passions, on the part of the unforthe time of the capture, the British troops tunate sufferers by that event, which, in on their retreat set fire to their magazine, a state of active warfare, it had not been and great injury was done by the explo- possible altogether to restrain, and that it sion, to property as well as to persons was as little congenial to the disposition of within the range of its effects. At the his majesty's government, at it was to that time of the capture, as well as at the time of the government of the United States, deof Commodore Chauncey's visit, the pub- liberately to adopt any plan of policy, lic stores were seized, and the public which had for its object the devastation store houses were destroyed; but the of private property.” But the disavowdestruction of public edifices for civil uses, al of the American government was not or of private property, was not only un- the only expiation of the unauthorized of. authorised, but positively forbidden by fence committed by its officer; for the Brithe American commanders; and it is un- tish government undertook itself, to redress derstood that no private house was de- the wrong. A few days after the burning stroyed by the American troops. It has of Newark the British and Indian troops recently, however, appeared, that a pub- crossed the Niagara for this purpose; they lic building, of little value, called the surprized and seized fort Niagara ; they Parliament House (not the Government burnt the villages of Lewistown, ManchesHouse) in which it is said that an Ameri. ter, Tuscarora, Buffalo, and Black Rock, can scalp was found, as a part of the de- desolating the whole of the Niagara fron. coration of the speaker's chair, had been tier, and dispersing the inhabitants, in the burnt; whether it was so, and if it was, extremity of the winter. Sir George Prewhether it was an accidental consequence vost himself appears to have been satisfied of the confusion in which the explosion of with the vengeance that had been inflicted; the magazine involved the town, or the and, in his proclamation of the 12th of unauthorised act of some exasperated in January, 1814, he expressly declared, dividual, has not been ascertained. The that for the burning of Newark, “ the opa silence of the military and civil officers of portunity of punishment had occurred; the provincial government of Canada, that a full measure of retaliation had taken seem to indicate that the transaction was place, and that it was not his intention to not deemed, when it occurred, a cause, pursue further a system of warfare, so reeither for retaliation reproach. volting to his own feelings, and so little --2d. The burning of Newark, adjacent congenial to the British character, unless to fort George, occurred on the 10th De- the future measures of the enemy should cember, 1813.---The act was vindicated 'compel him again to resort to it.”. With
his answer to Major-General Wilkinson, Extract of a letter from Commodore Isang which has been already noticed, he trans- Chauncey, to the Secretary of the Nuvy, mitted a copy of the proclamation, “as dated expressive of the determination as to his
Off York, U. C. April, 20, 1813. future line of conduct,” and added, “ that
set fire to some of the he was happy to learn, that there was no principal stores, containing large quanti. probability, that any measures, on the ties of naval and military stores, as well as part of the American government, would a large ship upon the stocks, nearly finishioblige him to depart from it.”-3d. The ed." places usually called the Moravian towns, From the sume to the same, dated were mere collections of Indian huts and
Off Niagara, Ang. 14, 1813. cabins, on the river Retrench or Thames, pot probably worth, in the whole, one weighed and stood for York, arrived and
“ In the evening of the 30th ult. we thousand dollars. The Indians who in
anchored in that harbour, at about 3, habit them, among whom were some no
P. M. on the 31st; ran the schooners into toriously hostile to the United States, had the upper harbour, landed the marines made incursions the most cruel into their and soldiers, under the command of Col. territory. When, therefore, the American army under General Harrison invaded hundred barrels of flour and provisions in
Scott, without opposition ; found several Canada on the of
1813, the huts and cabins of the hostile Indians
the public storehouses, five pieces of canwere destroyed. But this species of war
non, eleven boats, and a quantity of shot, iare has been invariably pursued by every either destroyed or brought away. On
shells, and other stores; all which was nation engaged in war with the Indians of the 1st inst. after having received on board the American Continent. However it may all that the vessels could take, I directed be regretted on the score of humanity, it the barracks and public store houses to be appears to be the necessary means of averting the still greater calamities of and proceeded to this place, where we
burned; we then re-embarked the vien, savage hostility; and it is believed, that
arrived yesterday.” the occurrence would never have been made the subject of a charge against the Letter from General Henry Dearborn to American troops, if the fact had not been the Hon. Joseph B. Varnum, a member misrepresented or misunderstood. Many of the Senate. people at home, and most people abroad,
Boston, October 17, 1814. have been led to suppose, that the Mora- DEAR SIR.-In reply to your letter of vian towns were the peaceable settlements the 11th instant. I assure you in the of a religious sect of Christians, and not most exp cit manner, that no public or the abode of a hostile tribe of savages.- private buildings were burned or destroyed I have the honour to be, &c.
by the troops under my command, at York, JAS. MONROE. in Upper Canada, excepting two blockTo the Hon. Wm, W. Bibb.
houses, and one or two sheds belongClainan of the Committee on foreign relations.
ing to the navy yard.— I placed a strong Navy Department, February 18, 1815.
guard in the town with positive orders Sir-In compliance with the request of to prevent any plunder or depredation the committee of the senate, communicated on the inhabitants; and when leaving to by me by your note of the 14th, cur.
the place, a letter was received from rent, I have the honor to transmit to your rior court, in which he expressed his
Judge Scott, chief justice of the supeherewith, extracts from the letters of commodore Chauncey to the secretary of thanks for the humane treatment the
inhabitants had experienced from our the navy, on the subject of destroying the public storehouses and stores at York, in troops, and for my particular atten. Upper Canada, and which is all the infor- tion to the safety of their persons and mation in this department on that subject. property. A frigate, on the stocks, and a I have the honour to be, very respectful- large storehouse, containing their naval ly, sir, your obedient servant,
stores, were set on fire by the enemy, subB. W. CROWLÍNSHIELD. sequent to their offer of surrendering the Mon, Wm. W. Bibb,
troops and public property. Several of Chairman of a Committee of the Senate. the most valuable public buildings, connected with their principal military posi- \ passion for the many who first called for tions, were destroyed by the explosion of the war, and who would still call for it, if their magazine, which proved so fatal to they thought it for their interest. For our troops; and although there were such men as these I feel no regret; they strong provocations for burning and de- merit all the calamities they have endured; stroying the town, nothing of the kind they are the victims of their own folly and took place, more than I have already, men- avarice; they are justly punished for tioneri, either by the army or navy. Yours' their cupidity:—What dieasures may be with respectful esteem, 'H. DEARBORN. necessary to induce the legislature to Hon. Joseph B. Varnum.
lend a willing ear to the petitions against the threatened war, it is not
for me to say ; but after the way in PetitioNS AGAINST THE WAR.
which the petitions against the Corn The example of the Livery of London Bill were received, I do not expect a favorhas not been followed by the Citizens of able result, even although nine-tenths of Nottingham alone. In the City of West- our population were to remonstrate against minster, and in the Borough, petitions the measure. The country has supplied have been voted by the electors against in- | the means of commencing, at least, the volving the country in all the horrors of a war. Those now possessing these means, new war with France. These, I am afraid, have given pretty good prodfs that they will have little effect, if the Allies, as is are not of disposing minds for peace. It pretended, are bent on renewing the work is useless, therefore, to talk to them on of slaughter. These are not the times that subject. Have all those, who are when the people are to expect that their now petitioning against the war, been voice will be heard, even by their repre. careful not to contribute to its support? sentativo. But who have they to blame How can they expect, after opening their for this? Why, none but themselves. purses, and willingly paying their quota It is they who have all along willingly of war taxes, that they should have contributed to carry on the war. It is any thing else but war?-It is the tares they, many of them, who now make the that occasions all the mischief. It is the greatest noise about the pernicious conse- tares, the soul and sinews of war, which quences of the last war, that were the first to bave involved the country in its present call for it. Poor drivellers! do they suppose distress. Until, therefore, measures are that after investing corruption with the vast adopted, and constitutional measures there power they have done ; after giving it the are, to bring these taxes within moderate unlimited controul of the national purse ; bounds, war we must have, war we shall after submitting the neck to that yoke; do have, and war will sooner or later involve these credulous dupes of a crafty system the country in irrecoverable ruin. expect, that the noisy lamentations they now set up to procure attention will be
TRIUMPH WESTMINSTER, met with any thing but a deaf ear. No, Purity or ELECTION.—The friends of no; it is not the way to tame the jackal freedom will, I am persuaded, be gratified to feed him with human flesh ; it is not the to learn, that the eighth anniversary of Sir way to eradicate corruption to pour plenty Francis Burdett's election to represent into the lap of the corrupt. Those who the city of Westminster, is to be held in have all along been sincere in their desire the Crown and Anchor Tavern, on Tues, for peace have been but few in number. day the 234 instaut; and that Sir Francis They are entitled, and have a legitimate is to be in the Chair. clain, to be heard, but I have little com
Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed
to the Editor, are requested to be forwarded.
VOL. XXVII. No. 21.]
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 27, 1815. [Price 1s.
[642 TO CORRESPONDENTS, may be addressed to me at Botley, near IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Southampton, and be put, at once, into any
post-office in this country.---The hirelings, Botley, near Southampton, 20th May, 1815.
who conduct nine-tenths of the newspaI have, within these few days, had ten- pers in London, have all possible facilities dered to me, through the Post, a small in receiving American newspapers. But, parcel from America, with “ neze spupers" they publish from them that only which written on it. This parcel had, as ap- suits their purpose. Their object is to pears by the Post-mark, been sent from mislead the people here; or, to keep them Liverpool to London, and from London in the dark; and, they cull out every pasto Botley. The charge on it was nine sage calculated to answer this end. Br. shillinge and six-pence sterling; that is to sides, there are very few papers (the Nasay, however, in our paper money, being tional Intelligencer excepted), which are about, at this time, a dollar and a half. sent to England, except the papers called I did not take the parcel, of course, much Federal. The persons who send these as I wished to see its contents. From papers, if not English by birth, are Engthis account, it will be perceived, that, lish by connection. Thus we see only one unless parcels of newspapers, coming from side of the picture; and hence it was, that America, be actually conveyed by the malignant and beastly as is the Editor of bearer of them either to me at Botley our T'imes newspaper, for instance, the fel(which can seldom happen), or to London, low really might be deceived himself by the object in sending them must be de- the cookoo clamour of the Aristocratical feated; for, a file of daily papers, for only American newspapers; but, hence, though one month, sent to me by post from any I could get a sight of none but the same out-port, would cost, at least, the price of sort of papers, I was not deceived, because a good large fat hog. I remember one I had had that experience, which enabled parcel, which came to me, charged with me to put a proper value upon what I saw nine pounds some odd shillings of postage, in these papers. It is of great conse. which is now the price of a hog of seven- quence to the cause of truth und freedom, · teen score weight.--As I am very de- that the Republican papers should come to sirous to receive, frequently, papers from us from America, and that other Republi. America, and as the papers in that coun- can works should also reach us; for, it is try are not, as ours are, loaded with a tax from this Island that opinions and facts go equal to more than one half of their retail forth to produce impression on the mind price, I will point out the manner in which of the world. Bound up as our press is, they may be sent to me.—The parcel we, by one means or another, contrive to should be addressed to me by name, “ to get a great deal into circulation. We are “the care of the Publisher of Cobbett's nearer the grand scenes of action than you « Weekly Political Register, London.” are; and, if you wish your principles and But, it ought, if the vessel go to London, your example to have their due and speedy to be carried by the master, or mate, or by effect, we must be the principal vehicle of
some careful person; and, if the vessel them.--Some one at Philadelphia has rei arrive at some out-port, the parcel, with cently sent me a parcel of American pa
the same direction on it, should be carried pers, received at Philadelphia from other to some office, whence a London Couch places, from which I perceive, that my departs. There it should be delivered, Letters to Lord Liverpool have been reand the bearer should see it booked, as we published in all parts of the Republic, from call it.-By these means American papers Boston to Savannah, from Philadelphia to will reach me with very little trouble, and Pittsburgh. Flattering as this is to my at an expence of which I should think no- self-love, it is much more gratifying to ine thing.--All single letters from America | as a proof of the powers of the press, and
as the foundation of a rational hope, that power is, from the causes above stated, of the day is not distant, when tyranny, comparatively little service.--I take this wherever it may exist, will fall beneath | opportunity of expressing my best thanks those powers.---Letter VI. to the Earl of to Mr. MATHEW CAREY, of Philadelphia, Liverpool, I wrote, I remember, in a room for a very excellent pamphlet, which he in a farm-house, one morning when I was has had the goodness to send me, entitleche detained by rain. I might have thought " A Calm Address to the People of the it; but, certainly I had not then the most “ Eastern States, on the Subject of the distant idea, that what I was then writing, “ Representation of Slaves; the Reprewould so quickly come back to me, in "" sentation in the Senate; und the Hostia another print, after having been read on lity to Commerce, ascribed to the the banks of the Ohio and those of the “ Southern States.”-I should be obliged Mississippi.- This single fact; the sight of to some one' to send me any work, or only one such print, is to ne more than a works, giving an account of the Expences. compensation for all that I have suffered in of the Government, and State Governthe cause of Truth and Freedom. But, it ments of America; also of her shipping. is of far greater importance as a stimulant commerce, debts, taxes, &c. &c. And, if to future exertion, and as suggesting addi- Mr. Carey, or some other person equally tional care in planning and executing.-- capable, would spend a few hours in giving But, why should not the friends of Free- me an account of the prices of provisions dom co-operate? We see how firmly and labour, I should deem it a particular bound together its enemies are; how they, favour. These may have changed since I for the furtherance of their grand object, left America.
WM. COBBETT. mutually sacrifice all their prejudices and
P. S. Since writing the above, I have even their petty conflicting interests. You (Red May) received, from some friend in have heard the Saints of Hertford rejoice Philadelphia, a small file of Auroras, at the restoration of the Pope. The Holy containing the “ EXPOSITION of the Father has embraced the Dey of Algiers, “ CAUSES and CHARACTER of the who calls him a Christian Dog.-Why War.” This paper, it appears, is offi., should not we aid each other? You are cial, and was ready for official promulgabetter off than we are. You have free
tion, just at the time when the news of the. presses in every sea-port; your sea-ports Peace arrived. I never read so able a paare numerous; your masters of vessels per; never one calculated to produce so have a direct communication with you; great an impression. It is an invaluable you can easily come at all that we publish. document for history;, a noble monument While your continent, and all its presses of the power of the human mive. If our and literary productions, are shut from us gorernment have received this paper,
and by hundreds of obstacles of which you if they will but read it carefully, they have no ideay our enemies have their re- will, I am sure, clearly see, that any at. gular correspondences, their communica- tempt either to delude, subdue, or check tions always open; they know here all the rise of America, must fail of success.that is passing in your country; while we The paper would fill about four whole Re. are wholly in the dark; while we are de- gisters, perhaps. But, though I cannot prired of the use of all those powerful insert it; it will be of great use to me; weapons, which your unrestrained press and I beg the sender to accept of
my best would put into our hands. I hope that thanks. these considerations will be suficient to induce some one of you, at least, to for
LETTER III. ward to me, in the manner above pointed out, such papers and other publications, TO LORD CASTLEREAGH. as are likely to be of benefit to the cause On the hope of success, in a War against of Truth and Freedom, and of which you can want no assurance of my will, at any
France, which hope is founded on the rate, to make the best possible use.
discontents said to exist in that country, America now begins to make a great figure MY LORD, I learn, through the TIMES in the world; but, her example, which, if newspaper, that these letters of mine, admade universally known, would be of dressed to you, are regularly re-published more weight than her military or navall in France; so that we are in a fair way