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France; and, as we now see, the people, and far more important, is, that it was by of France are better off than they were endeavouring to subvert these principles, before the revolution, and, as is agreed on that the Bourbons, in a very few months, all hands, I think, better off than we now lost their throne. It is clear, therefore, are. This is proved, not by what travel that even with the Bourbons on the throne lers say only, but by the notorious fact, of France, we had not been able to extinthat hundreds and thousands of families guish French principles; nay, even at went from England to live in France; and that time, such was the force of the exam, (oh! deep disgrace to the Pitt system !) ple, that our own Landholders began by the petitions of the English Land- openly to express feelings of envy at seeholders themselves, who, amongst their ing their neighbours relieved from the bur. grounds for demanding a Corn Bill, stated, den of tythes, the ridding the country of with perfect truth, that they were unable which was one of the greatest, if not the to contend with the French corn-growers, very greatest, atchievement of the French because these latter were so lightly taxed revolution. It was, really, a thing to in comparison with us, and because they admire: to hear the gentlemen, who had were relieved from tythes. If, then, the for so many years, been haranguing and French nation has gained thus by their re- Marshalling their tenantry against the savolution, what reason huve we to say, that crelegious principles of the French, tell, we have, in avoiding a revolution, received ing the Parliament very gravely, that the a compensation for all the distresses heaped French were better off than themselves beon us by a war carried on to keep off such cause they had got rid of tythes ; and, in a revolution?
that word, as you will clearly perceive, is The sum of our success, then, even in included the Bishops' revenues and the February last, when the Bourbons were whole of the Church Establishment. upon the throne, was, in its utmost ex- Now, then, in coming towards the prostent, that we had preserved the Church pect before us, if the Pitt system had ac, property, the Feudal Rights and Titles, complished no one of the objects it conand the Borough system. This is the templated, even supposing the Bourbons most that the Pitt system can take credit to have remained on the throne of France, for. But, I now proceed to shew, that, even what hope is there in continuing that same supposing it to have been most desirable system? It would be very wonderful into preserve all these by the extinguishment | deed, if we were by war to succeed in overof “ French principles,” this was not ac- throwing Napoleon a second time; but, complished, even if the Bourbons had re- if he were to die a natural death ; to be mained upon the throne. The return of killed in gbattle ; or, to be assassinated ; Napoleon has not created anew the French what end would that answer? Is it to principles ; it has not even revived those be believed, that amongst the Carnots, the principles; it has only proved to the Marats, the Fouches, the Caulincourts, world, that those principles had never, and hundreds of others; men capable of for a moment, ceased to be in a state of writing such papers as we have recently activity.
seen from their pens, and which papers What were these dreaded French prin- put to shame that poverty of talent which ciples? That the people ought to be taxed we see opposed to them : is it to be beonly by their real representatives ; that lieved, that, amongst all these famous men, there ought to be no predominant church; none would be to be found to carry on the that the people have a right to possess government and to direct its forces, in the property formerly belonging to the case Napoleon should lose his life? If, offending Noblesse and to the whole of the during the heat of the revolution, we saw Church; that the King, or chief Magis- assembly after assembly dissolved; comtrate, has no right to rule except by the mittee succeed committee; changes in the will of the people. And, with the excep- chiefs ; the rise of one faction over antion of a little shufle as to the last, more other; and still the French armies always in the form than the substance, did not faithful to their colours and their coun. the Bourbons solemnly agree to reign ac- try. If we saw this, during so many years cording to these principles? This is so of internal commotion and foreign war; notorious, that no one will venture to de amidst all the turmoil of paper money, ny it; and, what is equally notorious, 'confiscation, aầd sometimes famine, what
reason have we to suppose, that the safety 1“ take care, that they have proper Minisof France and the support of her princi-" ters, but we must compel them to adopt ples depend now solely upon the life of“ strong measures of government; and one man? the greatest man, I allow ; we shall have a right so to do, because great beyond any, man that France, or “our own safety and the safety of Europe the world, ever before saw. But, I am 66 demand it.” So that this war (for it not disposed to pay him the hyperbolical has been going on from the year 1792) compliment to admit the supposition, that which was begun on the alleged ground the safety and freedom of the French na- of the provocation which the Convention tion hang upon his single life,
had given in a decree for offering assist** What, then, will the Pitt system have ance to oppressed foreign nations, is, acdone for us, even if it should succeed in cording to these writers, to be wound up destroying the life of this wonderful man? by our not only dictating a ruler to France, The idea, that a nation like England but in our appointing the ministers of that should bear to be told, that its well-being ruler, and in dictating measures to those requires the death of a foreign sovereign, ministers! This differs, indeed, very is truly disgraceful to the human charac- widely from what LaLLY TOLENDAL and ter. But, as to the fact, how could such CHATEAUBRIAND are telling the French an event tend to relieve from their fears people from “the King's Council Chamthose who are so anxious to see “ French | ber” at Glient. They say:
66 above all, principles" extinguished ?
“ remember, that the rebellion once put It is impossible to say who might suc- “ down, the Usurper once destroyed, no ceed Napoleon as the head of the govern- “ foreign power will place itself between ment; or what form, or title, the execu- “ the legitimate Prince and his faithful tive part of that government might assumo. 6 people, to interfere with any of the poliBut, if the Chief were called Emperor, “ cal institutions, of which the proposal, King, Consul, or President, what doubt the consideration, and the adoption, will can there be, that the basis of his autho- “ belong exclusively to them.”
Our rity would be the same, that the nature Times newspaper has asserted the cons of the government would undergo little trary; and, really, I think the editor of * change, that the rights and property of the that paper a better authority than Lally
people would remain unshaken? And, if Tolendal or the wild old scribe, Chateauthis were the case, nothing would have briand, who, I think they say, has been been gained by war, even in the way of made a Viscount. extinguishing " French principles.” Nay, The
war, we are now told, has begun. the matter would be still worse; for, in The dispatch of Lord Clancarty says, the all human probability, much of the impe- Allies 56 ARE AT WAR,” and all the rial style, now preserved in gratitude to world knows, that France has committed Napoleon, would be withdrawn, and the no act of hostility, while she still holds haters of French principles would have, out the olive branch to all Europe. In staring them full in the face, a Republic in the report of the Earl of Liverpool's nume, as the French nation now is in speech, during the debate of last Monday principle and essence,
night, he dropped, that the object of the But, the Pitt system proposes, perhaps, war was “ to destroy that SYSTEM,” and fully expects, to place the Bourbons which was now existing in France. The again upon the throne. It must do this, Times newspaper of Tuesday last has this or, as we have seen, it does worse than passage :
:-66 La Vendee has risen! It nothing at all. It presumes, that it shall
may be recollected, that we not long ago be able to do it, because it has done it be- “ noticed the sailing of a secret expedition, fore. But, this is an argument with two consisting of several ships of war. These edges, for we may say, if you can put up "ships sailed from Falmouth, and were the Bourbons, because you have done it“ destined to the coast of La Vendee, to once before, the French nation can drive “ supply the loyalists in that country with u them out again, because they have done it “ quantity of arms of every description, in twice before. To prevent this, some of " conformity with their earnest solicitaour impudent and foolish writers have “tions. According to adrices received on openly said, that, “ when we have restored “ Sunday by Government, the landing of "the Bourbons again, we must not only the arms had been effected with great
" management and address, and they were to pay subsidies to the invading conti“ received by the people with equal grati- nental-armies. “ tude. In the course of yesterday this
This is the scene of 1793 returned: all “important intelligence was confirmed, the sovereigns of Europe combined against " by the arrival of the Cephalus sloop of the French nation and its principles ofigo
war at Portsmouth from the coast of vernment. That this is the true Pitt-sys" France,which, according to a telegraphic. tem no one will deny and, we shall now message
to the Admirally, did not quit see to what it will bring France, the rest “ her station until it was known that the of Europe, and ourselves. The prepara" insurrection was general, the - white tions on both sides are enormous; all the “ cockade mounted, and the cause of means of destruction that Europe affords “ Louis XVIII. eyery where proclaimed. have been collected, or are collecting ; all " Immense numbers trooped to the Royal the treasures that Europe affords are ready 66 standard. Report, though probably, to pour forth; all the hostile passions are “ with some exaggeration, made them al. rouzed. That we shall witness carnage 6 ready amount to 50,000.. Among the most horrible I have not the least doubt; “ leaders are the friends, the relatives, that we shall again hear of very rigorous 6 the avengers of those glorious men, who proceedings in France is to be expected; " fell in the cause of their country in the popular vengeance will again; perhaps, “ field, on the scaffold, and in the dun-surpass the bounds of ordinary justice;
geon. There is the son of the truly the bosom of that fine country may again great Charette : there are the associates be lacerated by her own children as well of Sombreuil, and Georges, and Frotte.” as by their enemies ; but I do not believe,
Thus, then, even before war bas been that, let what else will happen, the Bourdeclared, it is publicly announced, that bons will ever again be placed on the we have sent arms to assist insurgents in throne of France; I do not believe, that France. How exactly the present state the French people will ever again submit
in to their sway.
following is published, in the TIMEs newspaper of 22d war, the stimulus to exertion and perse. instant, as an extract of a Proclamation, verance, on the part of the coalition of issued at Petersburgh on the 25th of Sovereigns, will be greater than ever it April, addressed to the French people : has before been; for; if they be now com“ You entered my territories, unprovoked, pelled to leave France with her princi
with fire and sword, you plundered and ples, after a war of any duration, they “ destroyed wherever you came ; you'en- must see that those principles will not be s6 tered my capital, which you laid waste. long in making their way over all Europe, % I entered your territories, and took even to its utmost bounds. They must
your capital, but destroyed nothing. see that this is the last war on the subject ; Again, unprovoked, you raise the the last agitation of the question. But, on
sword, and destroy the peace of nations. the other hand, the French people must 66 I will now enter your territories, once
see that their fate depends upon their exermore, to conquer peace; and wherever tions and perseverance. They will all now “ I meet with resistance, I will UTTERLY be armed; the whole of that populous “ DESTROY YOU FOR YOUR PER. country will be in motion; already the 66 FIDY.” Whether this be authentic or old confederation appear to be reviving. not, as such it has gone forth to the world, If there be no neutrality allowed out of and, of course, to France. Louis, on his France, we may be assured, that none part, tells the French, that his only error will be allowed in it. If the rich be diswas too much clemency; but there are inclined to bestir themselves, the poor times, when every thing may be pardoned will take the riches along with the office but a perseverance in crimes. All this is of defending them. The men who now comso like the proclamation of the Duke of pose the governinent of France are not Brunswick, and the proclamations from men to stop at the end of a part of their Coblentz, that no one can pretend that it means. : They will say,
6 France must has the smallest pretensions to novelty.“ be defended. Without new confiscat To wind up the whole, England has agreed " tions ; without new seizures of the
of things resembles the state wifi hans pou br. 5. Í grant, that, if once entered duterte
Swealth.of egotists ; without new com- | leon should resort to a similar digour,
mittees of surveillance ; without new under the circumstances that are now aprezolutionary tribunals ; without a proaching. Our writers
new deportution of priests and ex-no- Napoleon's resorting to the levy of a mil" bles; without all, or any of these, if lion, or two, of National Guards. They
possible; but, at any rate, France must call this a horrible tyranny. To be sure, “ be defended." I lay little stress, there because it is formidable to his enemies, fore, on the accounts which are given us, who seek his destruction. CHATEAUof the respectable towns-people, the re- BRIAND, from the 6 Council Chamber” spectable proprietors, the respectable at Ghent, talks of the danger of this professional men, being for the king. disastrous conscription.
Well he may. These respectable people must march and But he says, that, luckily, the invasion of fight, or their professions, as in the first France, last year, destroyed several manuwar, will serve as a reward for those who factories of arms. Courage ! Monsieur le .will fight and who are without posses. Viscomte de Chateaubriand! Armless as sions.
they will be, you would not, I imagine, Napoleon is very violently abused, in care to face any one of them, even with our newspapers, for having put 50,000 Lally Tolendal at your back. This callmuskets into the hands of the artizans and ing out of the National Guard, Monsieur Jabousers of the suburbs of Paris, whole Viscomte calls an “ immense haul; a are compared to the inhabitants of Rag-“ general proscription ; an extermination fair and St. Giles's. But, these writers “ of the French people at a blow; a frighttell us, very often, of men charged with “ ful and monstrous thing." crimes being sent by our magistrates to Turning from this sorry bombast, this the fleet or the army, instead of being ridiculous trash, we may I think, look sent to prison as malefactors, If our upon it as certain, that to keep the Lourcountry were invaded, would not the bons upon the throne of France, if once government accept of the offers of placed there, would require foreign sol. labourers and artizans? If the rich, in diers stationed in every city, town, village France, should (I do not believe they and hamlet, unless those Bourbons gowill) endeavour to remain neutral, is verned upon the present principles. To there any chance of our seeing them so conquer, in such a way, such a nation as remain with impunity? If there be one France, is impossible. Language does rich to five poor, and if he does not con- not contain the words to describe the tribute the means to enable the five to means of effecting such subjugation. All act, himself setting the example, those the hired troops in all Europe would not means will, of course, be taken from him take from the people of France their and given, in one shape or another, to the lands, or make them pay tythes, or submit five poor, This was the principle upon to feudal rights and laws. And yet, if which the French nation acted before; this be not done, “ French principles" and, if necessity again puts this principle remain, and the Pitt system has accomin practice, the consequences will naturally plished nothing but the distress and degrabe the same as before.
dation of England and the creation of an If my view of the matter be, therefore, at American navy. all near the truth, it is not a holiday war, Thus, Sir, I think, I have shewn, that on which we are about to enter. Nor is that system, which is still called the Pitt it likely to be a very halcyon time with system, has completely failed in all that those, whom we say we have for our it professed to have in view, and that it is friends in France, and of whose punish- in a fair way of completely succeeding in ment, if detected, it is impossible that we destroying all that has supported it. But, can have the face to complain.
" AI must not conclude without clearly provigour beyond the law” was justified in testing against being understood to asEngland at a time when England was not cribe this system exclusively to ope of the invuded; when she had all Europe fight- two political parties who have so long jog, on her side against France; when been striving against each other for the there was scarcely a possibility of an possession of power. The party who are enemy setting foot on her shore. We now out of place, did, when they were in fapnot, therefore, be surprised, if Napo- ' place, pursue precisely the same system, Lodeed, they defended their measures by, of which Mr. Chateaubriand speaks só asserting that they were consonant to the feelingly and so foolishly; one of the links principles und system of Pill, and that he in the chain of the “ social system,” which would have done the same under like ciro has recently been under the hammers of cumstances. This the other party used to so many able artizans at Vienna. The deny. Both parties pretended that they Regular Government of Algiers does not were, and still pretend that they are, the make any prefaces to war. It observes a followers of Pitt. “ Ours is his system," dignified silence till it has actually begun say one party. “ No,” say the other, and made some progress in the wur! Till, it is we who possess his true system.” it has made a good haul of the enemy's Like the two convents of monks, who, in ships, before he knows that he is looked their holy zeal, blackguarded each other upon as an enemy. This is the practice of for four centuries, each of them swearing the Regular Government; the ancient that they possessed exclusively the real " and venerable institution, in Algiers." cross on which Christ was crucified. A mu. I shall now insert, first, an account of the tual friend to these ghostly brotherhoods, grounds of war from the National Intelat one time, interfered, recommending a ligencer, published at Washington ; next miracle to make both real crosses. But the Report of Congress upon the subject; this did not suit the brotherhood whose and last, the Act of Congress declaring cross happened to be in vogue, as they war against Algiers. For, the reader would thereby have let their rivals in for will observe, that, in the Irregular Goa share of the offerings.
vernment of America, war cannot be deNo miracle is, however, necessary in clared by the Chief Magistrate, without the case before us. The people of Eng. the consent of the people's real represenJand, long ago cured of party delusions ; tatives. I reserve a few remarks to fol. long ago sickened by the professions of low the documents. hunters after place; long ago disgusted with the wrangling of the OUTS and the INS,
Grounds of the War.--From the National whom they have constantly seen unite and
Intelligencer cordially cooperate against reform; the It is probable that many of our readers people are quite willing to give them both may vot bear in mind the facts on which credit for possessing the real Pitt system, the recent Declaration of War against Aland to believe, that, if those who are now giers is predicated. We have, therefore, OUTS were INS, they would do precisely obtained for their information, the Report that which is now doing, and that which made on the subject by Mr. Gaston, of the will be done, by their opponents.
House of Representatives, chairman of I am, Sir, with great respect,
the committee, to whom the bill vas reyour faithful and obedient servant, committed in secret sitting.--The doco.
Wm. COBBett. ments accompanying the Report, which
are too long, and perhaps not proper, for
present publication, are so conclusive, as AMERICA AND ALGIERS,
to leave no doubt on the mind of any one As the war, which has now begun be- who hears or reads them, of the impos. tween the “ Democratic Rulers" of Ame- sibility of re-establishing Peace with the rica and the “ Regular Government of Dey of Algiers, unless by coercion, exAlgiers, may lead to important conse- cept under the most base and humiliating quences, it is proper to insert here the condition. Our readers may judge of grounds of this war, as far as we can come the inveterate hostility of that barbarianat them. We have the American official tyrant towards us, growing merely out of documents only. America has a tell-tale the most sordid cupidity and natural ferosort of government. It has no state secrets. city and cruelty of temper, by two or it blabs out the proceedings in negocia - three facts, collected from a momentary tions, while the negociators are still assem- glance at the documents accompanying bled. Not so the Regular Government of the Report of the committee.-A person Algiers, which is one of the ancient and was entrusted, as from the American mervencrable institutions" which the Bosto- chants in Spain, with the task of endeanian Noblesse so much admire; one of vouring to procure the liberation of the the “ gems in the crown of ancient glory," ' eleven or twelve of our citizens captive ir