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which that memorable battle was fought. I was to "re-unite the colonies to the paNot so, good Mr. Yankee. The Serpen-rent state!" tine River, as it is called, is a little wind- It is very true, I acknowledge, that a ing lake in Hyde Park, about the width dangerous faction has arisen in the Reof a large duck pond, and is fed by a lit- public. I see very clearly, that wealth tle stream, or rather gutter, and empties has introduced a taste for what are called itself by the means of another gutter at honours. Vanity is making a desperate the other end. It was this quality of lake effort to decorate men with titles. The that made the scene so very apt. law forbids it; but vanity is at open war with law. The germ of aristocracy, which was discovered in the New England states, and, in a few instances, iu some of the others, at the end of the war of independence, has grown out now to full view. There are 'Squires and Honourables in The political effects in America of such abundance. There are the "Honourable a peace must be wonderful. Indeed, they the Governor;" "His Honour the evidently are so. The men who, in the Judge ;" and so on. These men will New England States, were forming open soon begin to regret that they have no one combinations against Mr. Madison, are, to give them permanent titles; that they as I told you they would be, covered with have nо "fountain of honour." That that sort of disgrace, that deep disgrace, which men regret the want of they endea which defeated malice always brings upon vour to obtain, whenever an occasion ofits head. They appear, from all I can fers. The Priests of New England apgather, to have become the butt of ridi-pear to be working hard to procure somecule, after having long been the object of thing in the way of an establishment. Hence serious censure. These men are suspected the joy of both these at the restoration of of treasonable views and acts. At any the Bourbons, the old French Noblesse, rate, they are chargeable with a real at- the Pope, and the Jesuits; and hence, tempt to destroy the liberties of their they will, I venture to predict, be as abucountry, in revenge for their rejection by sive of Napoleon, Carnot, Fouche, Re the people. They were defeated in their derer, and Merlin, as is our TIMES newsgrasp at the supreme powers of the union, paper. and they have endeavoured to do as the baboon is said to have done with the fair lady, that is, destroy that which they could not possess.
In the mean while, however, the people are sound republicans; and, it will take some years to overset their government, though the manners and tastes of many may be corrupted. The following letters which I have received from America, will shew you, that the war, and especially the peace, have produced a great change in that country. They will also shew you that, long ago, I had hit upon the true nail, and that you ought to have paid attention to me sooner than you did. The newspapers from America breathe a spirit of resentment, which it should be our object to allay, if possible; but, really, the language of our prostituted press was such, that, added to the "character of the war,” it is almost impossible, that reconciliation should take place during an age to come.
These are mortifying recollections, my Lord, and I do not know that they will be rendered less so to you by the addition of the reflection, that, if you had followed my advice, there never would have been any ground for them.
Mr. PICKERING, to whom the TIMES newspaper looked up as the "hangman and successor of Mr. Madison," nowe talks like a very hearty republican; but the poor gentleman seems to know very little of what is going on here. Ile says, that you made peace, because so many petitions were poured in against continuing the war; and your Lordship knows, that not one such petition was poured in. He says, that the failure at New Orleans will put you out of place. Poor Gentleman! how little, how very little does he know about you! He says, that the Opposition have clamoured for peace. It was the Opposition who urged on the war, and only found fault with you for not doing the Yankees more mischief than you did. Yet this, this is one of the men, to whom we have looked as capable of overthrowing Mr. Madison! This is one of the men who
Before I conclude, I beg leave to call your Lordship's attention to the statements in the American papers, relative to our treatment of the American prisoners of war; also to call your attention to cer tain intercepted letters of our officers, re
learning, and abilities than Southey, would damn their country for his salary and a butt of sack.
lative to plunder; and further to call your attention to their charges relative to the parole, given by GENERAL PACKENHAM, when he was about to assault, and to Your late essays are re-published in all take, as he expected, NEW ORLEANS. I the Republican Papers, and read. with dare not copy these. Newgate is not so great relish; while they are carefully expleasant as Botley. But, still I do most cluded from all the federal papers. Neanxiously wish to see these papers pub-vertheless I suspect that you do not see lished here; because they might then be many of our Boston Republican Papers. met by denial and disproof, if not true. I have therefore requested, the Editors This is a serious matter, my Lord. If we of the Boston Patriot, and Yankee to put dare not publish here, they dare do it in up a series of them for you; and encouAmerica; and there it is that the effect raged them with the hope that you will will be produced injurious to us. I dare send them your Register. I have also say, that long before this will reach the sent you an excellent work by Mr. CAREY, press, all these changes, all these horrid entitled the "Olive Branch." We esteem narratives, will have been collected in it highly for its facts. You will read it America, published in a permanent shape, with pleasure. This book and Jackson's and, perhaps, translated into French. victory have blasted the Hartford ConThus will they be read by all the civilized vention; and destroyed the high hopes of world, the people of England excepted: the Pickerings, the Olisses, and the Suliibut, thus have I done my duty in pointing vans. The author of that book has a these things out to your Lordship, which just idea of our Boston Saints, of their is all that I dare do in this case. avarice, of their hypocricy, and of their I am, &c. &c. thirst after ridiculous titles, and even monarchy. He has a right idea of our Juntd, which rises as our country sinks, and sinks as our country rises. After perusing the Olive Branch, would it not be well to throw it in the way of the Edinburgh Reviewers? (1)
Boston, 28th March, 1815.
MR. COBBETT-I have read, with great satisfaction, your recent essays relative to this country. You deserve well of your native country, as well as of mine, for trying to open the eyes of your countrymen, that they might see things as they really are. But in Old England and in New, and I am personally acquaint-vention, and of that my correspondent would be ed with both, a man need not well convinced, if he were to read an article despair making the people believe any thing but
(1) I can find a much better use for it, as the writer shall see. The Edinburgh Reviewers are, perhaps, as corrupt a junto as the Hartford Con
Both your country and mine have been long suffering under the cause of "a lying spirit." The federal papers in Boston, under the direction of the faction, and especially the one edited by "the Boston Slave," exert all their powers to spread a delusive fog before the eyes of their stupid readers, and between them and truth. They are worse than your Courier, or your Times; for with their lies, they have a trait of malignity and stupidity, at which your people must revolt. What must be the state of a community where the people are fed with poisonous food? It would require a revolution of some sort to rid the people of the accumulated corruption. Our Yeomanry are virtuous, brave, and strongly attached to their government; but we have scores of professional men among us, who, with less
upon the return of Napoleon, published at the
close of the last number of this work; in which
article they prepared, in advance, for the war, which they suspected would take place against France, in consequence of that wonderful event. The truth is, that this is a little knot of place, hunting men of talent, who, by the means of this Review, force themselves successively into the receipt of emoluments derived from the public. I do not know any set of men so much like another, as these Reviewers are like the Federal Noblesse. Mr. WALSH, of Philadelphia, who wrote a book on the state of France, full of falsehoods and of ignorance, and who, it was confidently reported here, was to have had the honour of being introduced to a Lord, and would, in all probability, have enjoyed that blessing, if the said Lord had not been unexpectedly engaged with his tailor, or somebody else: this Mr. WALSH, with the exception of talent, is a toler ably good specimen of an Edinburgh reviewer.
I have read with surprise and disgust | Considering the New England opposition the official accounts of General Drum- and the nature of our government, and the mond and some others, of the battle of state of our finances, and the villiany of Chippewa and Bridewater. I have been the faction, and this Virginia-man, may informed by the brave and modest Colonel well be called the Matchless Madison. (now General) Miller, as well as by a number of his officers, his non-commissioned officers, and privates, that the British, cannon were many hours in their possession, and that they would have brought them off, had not the British taken the precaution to carry off the limbers, and all the harness, which Miller could not supply in the night. firmly believe that all our official accounts may be relied on. I have reason for believing it.
Jackson's wonderful victory is a greater thing to us, that is, of more beneficial consequences to America, than the victory of Wolfe; the capture of Burgoine, or Cornwallis. The British were sure of New Orleans, and they meant to leave it an ugly bonc of contention between the U. S. and Spain. But Providence forbade it. We say Providence, for the great destruction on one side, and the unparalleled salvation on the other, prove that it could hardly be owing to the contingent powers of men. It gives strength to the opinion imbibed by people in every period of the world, and in every stage of society, that there is a power above us, which shapes things to an end, rough hew them how we will." This extraordinary victory has broken down the spirits of the invaders; they say there is a fatality in this American war; and that it is adverse to them. Your countrymen fought bravely at New Orleans, very bravely. Jackson, and his inspired mi- glory to the source whence it sprung. litia had coolness enough, in the midst of the fight, to observe and admire the discipline and steady bravery of the English, and the valour of their officers; but who could stand before sur cool and accurate riflemen, and equally cool and accurate cannoniers!! Jackson, (a village-lawyer) has far surpassed any General we ever had, at any period.
For he is destined to return the tide of
While we admire Jackson, and his militia, let us not withhold our admiration of James Madison! who amidst the most virulent, and most obstinate of oppositions (see the Olive Branch,") has triumphed over both internal and external enemies, and planted the proud stripes and stars of his nation in the sight of the universe.
Although we are priest-ridden, and debased in Massachusetts, I hope we are not sunk below redemption. The better half of Massachusetts have not bowed the knee to the effigy of monarchy, set up by the contemptible noblesse of Boston. It is the yeomanry, the nerve, the bone, and the sinew of the republic, who have fought our battles, while it is the pampered, and corrupted flesh, and gormandizing stomach, who preach, pray, and write in federal newspapers, and who continually deceive the people.
After the present delusion is past, I hope to see both your country and mine shine forth in their native purity. Our country is rising rapidly to greatness, and to glory; and when we have put down faction, we shall yet see our species, the descendants of Englishmen, shine forth to the greatest advantage, in ability, courage, and integrity; and here we may see displayed the utmost range of the human powers.
Thirty years ago, I knew London, and her leading men, including Mr. Fox, and some others. They are now nearly all dead; and I have scarcely a correspondent left. I wish Old England well; for there are the sepulchres of my ancestors: and there I resided several years. I have a considerable respect for John Bull; but. a greater affection for,
Boston, March 30th, 1815. MR. COBBETT,-A snow-storm having prevented the ship Galen from sailing this morning, I seize the opportunity her detention affords, to add a few strips from some of our late newspapers. I do it by way of recompensing you for your excellent essays, under the form of letters to your great men in England, in which you tell them important truths relative to this country, which, I believe, they can obtain through no other channel.
We admire greatly your accurate picture of the two parties in this bewitched state. What the witches promised Macbeth, has been whispered to our little-big
men in Massachusetts "ye shall be all Thanes !!
The public feeling is not a little excited. by the recital of our officers and men, who have just returned to Boston and New York, from their captivity in Nova Scotia, and Canada. You will see the narrative in the Boston Patriot of yesterday. The British prisoners have been uniformly treated with kindness by the Americans. ilumanity is a conspicuous trait in our
plain, and at the thoughts of which they regret the termination of war.
We are much pleased with your very accurate account of Federalists and Republicans. The papers you now receive will help you to finish the picture you have sketched.
We look up to the acute editor of the Political Register to lay this grievous thing properly before the British public. If what is related be not facts, let them be contradicted; and, if they be true, let the perpetrators be exposed, and the robes of the nation wiped clean from the stain (2). I leave out a passage here, which though complimentary to the part of this king-dants of Esau. dom, in which I was born, is rather too GENERAL in its chief reason for leaving it out is, that it would, in my opinion, TEND TO HARM.-W. C.]
This short war has wrought a wonderful change in the United States. It has taught the traders and shopkeepers of Boston, that if their sea-ports were destroyed, the nation even then, could exist. It has peopled our interior, created innumerable manufactures, and taught us all that it is to the yeomanry we must look, at last, for the support and defence of the nation. With them is the brain, the nerve, the bone and sinew; for the merchant is blown about by every wind of commerce. The French justly estimate these descenHe scarcely feels that he has got a country.
The time was, when these colonies, or states, might, in their physical and mental force, be compared to a wedge, (the most forciable of the mechanical powers) the butt, or thick edge of which was here in Massachusetts, and it went tapering away until its thin edge ended in Georgia, and on the Mississipi. But Andrew Jackson, a village lawyer, has turned this wedge "end for end," and we now feel the force
Colonel SCOTT, (now our valiant General Scott) was early in the war carried prisoner to Montreal and Quebec; and received a treatment, which he never can, or ought to forget. I had it from his own mouth. Scott is a man of talents, educa-pressing to us, instead of from us. Mr. tion and a gentleman; but those high MATTHEW CAREY has explained all this in officers in Canada, who heaped every kind- "the olive branch!!" ness and attention on the infamous HULL, could not find it in their hearts to treat with ordinary attention and humanity the accomplished Scott.
(2) I have not thought it right, and indeed, I do not know that it would be safe, to send to the press the papers here referred to, which exhibit a picture that strikes one with horror, and which, for the honour of my country and of human nature, I hope is not a true picture. I bave, however, made use of these papers in the way that appears to me most likely to answer a good purpose. WM. COBBETT.
The young and spirited men of Massachusetts feeling the effects of the miserable policy of their governor, and of the Legislature, are fast leaving their homes, and emigrating Westward. Even the sons of some of the Essex Junto are follow
where interest leads. They are fly ing from the sterile soil, and bigotted region of Boston to more fertile and liberal regions.; and yet our besotted government of Massachusetts, and their stupid governor, seem unconscious that we are bleeding to death, by this alarming emigration. Instead of a liberal policy, our miserable politicians are trying to retain their discontented young men by
Vashington Benevolent Societies; a sort of, hypocritical Jacobin-club ; or humble imitations of the Orange Societics of Ireland; who drew their origin from "the peep-of day boys.", Jonathan sees through this clumsy trick, and their gor geous parades, painted banners, and hy
As nations, we may be at peace; but as a people we never shall, so long as we remember personal insults and cruel depri-ing vations, especially during sickness. Your ships of war have generally treated our sailors whom they captured, well; but it is the treatment on board prison-ships, and in Canada of which our men com
pocritical orations, prayers, and hymns, which have become objects of ridicule, and are fast sinking into contempt. Common-sense begins to draw comparisons between our fine, dancing soldiers, who seldom make an excursion beyond a mile from their fire-sides, and hardly ever march off the pavements of our sea-ports, and the brave heroes, who conquered at Chippewa, Bridgewater, Erie, Baltimore, and NEW ORLEANS.
You may tell Sir Joseph Yorke, whose father I once knew, that Mr. Madison, has concluded (before he " goes to the Island of ELBA,") to pay a visit to the Eastern States, in which case, it is more than probable that the Saints of Massachusetts will pay him all possible marks
They, like the Jesuits, make sure of every
is no established church in America; no compulsion to pay priests of any sort. But, if men are persecuted, no matter in what way, for their opinions about religion; if a book, or an essay, is to condemued in a lump, on the charge of being blasphemous, without any reference to its facts or its reasonings; if this be the case, priesteraft, say what you will, is still powerful in America. The way, and the only way, to give priesteraft its final blow, is to inculcate, in all possible ways, the liberty of opinions on religion. The law of America does this; but the friends of freedom
should jealously watch, that cant does not, in this respect, triumph over the law. Can any man say,
in the face of the world, that TRUTH ought not
to prevail? No man will say this. And if the religious opinions of any sect be founded in truth, what fear is there that they will be injured by
reserved discussion ? Did it ever happen to any individual to protest against the discussing of a question, as to which he was sure that he was in the right ?-Let the honest man; let the sincere Christian, be upon his guard against every one, whom he hears abuse any book as blasphemous, without first showing it to be false. Let him be upon his guard against the Crafty Crew (in America, I mean), who eat and drink comfortably upon the fruits of other men's labours; or, if he does think it right to pay them as teachers of religion, let him, at any rate, call upon them to ANSWER, instead of ABUSING, those who attack their systems. As to the conduct of the Federal priesthood of Massachussetts, it is such as defies all description. Such a prostitution of the priests' office never was before seen, except amongst some of the most wicked of the regular clergy of the Romish church, in the very worst times of that church. A string of passages, which Mr. CAREY has collected and published in the Olive Branch," would not have disgraced the lips of those, whose exhortations armed the hands and hardened the hearts of Clement, Ravillac, or any of that unmerous horde of assassins, who have, at various periods, undertaken to shed the blood of Napoleon. Can those he virtuous meu, who, with patience, and even with applause, listened to these bloody exhortations? -I put this question to the bosoms of the worthy part of the Federalists,-WM. COBBETT.
One great and powerful source of influence, is literary and clerical patron-be age. The Junto have managed that matter admirably. They have contrived to get almost all the learned professions under their thumbs. This has greatly increased their number of slaves. They took the Jesuits for their example, and have imitated with considerable success.
:(8) My Correspondent will smile, when he