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of homage and respect ; for the Presby- | that must excite their alarm, if not deterians of New England are very like the spair. In spite of their “benevolent soPresbyterians of Scotland, who are all cieties,” they are going down the stream things to all men, just as it suits their and over the dam. whim, or interest. In the newspapers of By consulting the Boston papers of last this day, you will see some traits of the Autumn, you will find that the volunteer genuine character of your friend,

services, in the defence of Boston and the JONATHAN. sea coast, far exceeded those of Philadel.

phia, and were only surpassed by New Beston, 4th April, 1815, York. The Federalists were as eager as Mr. COBBETT,— The following instance the Republicans “ to meet the of unfair conduct is worthy your atten- the water's edge.The only contest

enemy ut tior. The frigate President, Captain would have been, who shall close with the Decatur, after running a-ground, and, in enemy first? Lord Liverpool's ignoconsequence of it, losing her trim, fell in

runce of the individual feeling proves him with Admiral Hotham's detachment, who not fit for his station (4). ehaced her. The Endymion (the same that suffered so severely from the Neufchatel privateer) was nearest to her in the

(4) No; but, it proves, that he never heard the chace. This ship the President si- truth, any more than liis predecessors had done Lenced, and would certainly have taken before him. I told it him; but I was not in the her, had not the Pomone come to her as

pay of governinevt. It is the interest of those sistance, and soon after that the Tenados, who supply our government with intelligence and an armed brig, and a rasee 74, but a

from America to deceive the ministers. Good fittle way astern of them. In this situa- vews is pleasanter than bad; and, since concluition, Decatur, after doing all that any sions drawn in favour of the effects of the princiman in his situation could do, struck his ples of freedom, have been looked upon as a colours, and delivered his sword to the proof of Jacobinism in the party drawing such commander of the 74.

conclusions, persons under the government can. Admiral Hotham says officially, that not be expected to be very forward in performs the President was captured by a detach- ling such an office. The evil, however, is very ment of his feet; and when Decatur ar- great. I verily believe, that PERCEVAL enrived in New London, the populace took tered on the war, and that it was afterwards conthe horses from his coach, and dragged tinued, under the impression, that the States him in triumph through the streets, and were ready to divide, and that a part of them the applause was universal.

was auxious to jow this country agaiust the FeBut what have the officers of the Endy- deral Government. That such was the general mion done? They give out that the Presia belief in this country is notorions. Nay, ninedent was taken by the Endymion; and tenthis even of the readers of the Register bethis frigate has lately sailed from Bermuda lieved it. The mischievous falsehood had its for England with the President as Her rise in the disappointment and maiice of the PRIZE, having the English colours hoisted Massachusetts Noblesse, who are, by both coun. over the American flag, signifying to all tries, to be fairly charged with being the chief they meet--66 We of the Endymion cause of the war. This nest of vipers cannot be ALove took the American frigate Presi- too soon crushed. The people of America must dent." This deserves to be gazetted clap their foot upon it, or tlie brood will, some throughout Europe, as it will be through time or other, sting them to death. This is a out America. Such miserable tricks are

race of reptiles not wo be trifted with. As Ameunwortliy the people whence we sprang. rica grows rich this race will raise their heads, It is furnishing Johnny Bull with a cork unless they be extirpated. The little beginnings jacket at the expence of honour. If he ought to be watched with infinite care.

" The cannot hold his head up above the waves, « Honourable Gentlemani,” and “my Honourable without such a dishonourable apparatus, “ Friend,” are appellations of more practical let him sink. --- Fur JUSTITIA RUAT

consequence than the Americans seem to be 66 CELUM."


aware of. I see with pleasure, that the Presi. P.S. By the return of votes yesterday, dent keeps to his good plain address of Fellow we find that the federal party have lost “ Citizens of the Senate and of the House of Reground since the last April, to a degree" presentatives.” When the French Assembly

TO CORRESPONDENTS, words, it is not to hard names; it is to IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. thumping facts clearly stated, and to sound

argument closely packed and strongly Botley, near Southampton, 30th May, 1815.

pressed upon the mind, that we must look In my last Number, dated May 27th, for the producing of conviction, But, 1815, I pointed out very fully how pero principally facts are the things. “ Bricks? sons in America might write to me, or

mortar !” I hear the fellow cry, when they

So, when men read, send papers, or pamphlets to me.--I shall are building houses. be obliged to the American Printers of they keep crying out for facts. If any newspapers to give insertion to that noti- new writer should be disposed to give me fication, as it may lead to a communication

the information I seek, I cannot tell him equally beneficial to both countries.-I

what sort of style I like in any way so well have, in the article just mentioned, ac

as by telling him, that it is precisely the knowledged my obligations to Mr. CAREY opposite of that of a letter, which I see in for his 6 Calm ADDRESS." I have now

the Boston Yankee of the 6th Jan. 1815, to thank a Friend at Boston for a copy of signed - John RANDOLPH, of Roanoke," 6 the Olide Branch" by the same author;

the feelings arising from the reading of a work which deserves all the praise and which really resemble those which would all the success that it has met with.--I succeed the swallowing of a quid of the have also received newspapers from Bos: tobacco grown on the borders of that deton, and will use my best endeavours to lightful river. If this gentleman be not ropay these acts of civility in kind.-I deemed insane, it must be allowed, I think, perceive that a letter which I wrote in De- that his letter is a practical proof, that cember, or November last, addressed "10 sanity may, at times, perform the func

a Correspondent in America,” contain- tions of madness.I shall send, in a few ing a comparative view of the Taxes, Debt, days, or, rather, cause to be sent, a copy &c. of England and America, has been re- Mr. Morris Birkbeck, on the internal

of a small work, lately published here, by published there.--I should be obliged to any one who would take the trouble to state of France. As Mr. Carey, or some gire me information about America on all one else, in America, may republish this the heads that I have there touched on

work, a work of great consequence to the with regard to England. The best way cause of freedom, it may be useful for with regard to England. --The best way such re-publisher to know, something of would be to do this in print in some Ame- the Author of the work ; because when rican newspaper, in a letter addressed to me, with the writer's real name at the bot- the work is a statement of facts, and when tom. Men are more careful about facts being the fruit of his own observation, the

these rest upon the writers assertion, as when they publish in the face of those

value of the work must depend on the vera, amongst whom they live, and are to live, and when they sigo with their names that city and judgment of the author. Now, the which they publish.-In any thing in- author of this work is a most respectable tended for re-publication here, the writer man; he is a great farmer, occupying onc must remember what sort of libel-luws we

whole parish and part of another; he is live under. He must abstain from much celebrated for his agricultural experience that he might be disposed to say. My let- and skill; he was one of the persons whose ter, last-mentioned, may serve him as a

evidence upon the abstruse subject of the model. Ile will there see a notable speci- order of the Committee of the House of

Corn Bill was taken by and printed by pien of the spirits' sacrificing to the safety Lords last year; he was chosen as one of of the desh.- Avd, after all, it is not to the judges at the last prize show of Me.

rino sheep in London.-Perhaps, in all abolished tilles, we langhied at their attachmevt England, there is not a man of fairer reto forms; but, in fact, they were substances.

putation; not one man, less to be sus'The war, pow about to be entered 01, will, per pected of straining facts to meet his own baps, bring them back again to the spot whence prejudices.--I much question if he will be they started. At any rate, if America wishes to pleased with me for undertaking to give continue a Republic, she must resolutely set ber him a character. . But, though nothing face against these nick-names.

that I can say would have any such effect W#, COBBETT,

in England, it is different as to America,


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There he cannot be so well known; and, what the Whitehall people denominate his book, or, at least, the facts contained 6 existing circumstances." in it, being now the property of mankind, Therefore, my noble companion, beit is just that it should go into other fore we start upon our journey, it is my countries, accompanied with all that fairly intention, in this letter, to put upon rebelongs to it.

cord the substance of what has now been Wm. COBBETT. published to the nation, in the report of

the debutes in Parliament, upon the folLETTER IV.

lowing subjects : 1st, of the character of

Napoleon ; 2d, of the French system of To LORD CASTLENEAGII. Ciovernment; 3rd, of our present situation

with regard to France; 4th, of the Pitt On the Debates relative to the commence- System; 5th, of the great means of the ment of the War against the French. Allies against France, including subsi

Botley, 1st June, 1815. dies; 6th, of the small means of the My Lord, -At last, then, you appear French to defenul themselves ; 7th, Moto have striken the first blow ; for, we rality of the subsidies. Who that sets are now told, by the public prints, that out on a voyage does not wish to underour fleets have taken a French frigate in stand something about the road that he the Mediterranean. But, this is of no has to go? This, however, it is not alconsequence as to the grand question. We ways in his power to arrive at; but, he have long been in a state, which would must be a fool indeed, if he undertakes have justified France in attacking us open-(if he can avoid it) a journey without ly; and, indeed, it has now beeu oflicially knowing why he undertakes it. The causes stated, that we, have for some time past, of the two former wars against the French been ut war, though to this very day, or, at were lost sight of, long before the wars least, till yesterday, French vessels have were half over. This was a very great freely come into our ports, and have land- evil. It was not so with the late American ed and sold their goods; and then sailed war. I myself took charge of the cause quietly for France. However, the fact is, of that war; and, in spite of all that that you and your colleagues have now falsehood and hypocrisy have been able distinctly asserted, that we are at wur, to do, on both sides of the Atlantic, , and have been at war for some time. the cause, the character, the result, the Here you start, then ; and, here I start effects, of that war

all clearly with you, as I did with your worthy colo understood. So shall they all, in this league in the American war; that is to case, unless I am deprived very speedily say, in that war which, as we are told, of all my bodily or all my mental powers. was to depose Mr. MADISON. I mean to Give me life and health for only three accompany you through this war. I have months longer, and I defy all the ingebeen hesitating who I should go along nuity and all the impudence of all the with; but, after due consideration, I corrupt hirelings in England (and their have preferred your Lordship to every number is not small) to cause ignorance body else; not merely because you were to prevail in this country as to the real the aptest of all Pitt's disciples ; not be- cuuse, or causes, of the war, on which we cause you have been the grand actor at are about to enter. the Congress; not because you have, in From the time of Napoleon's return point of character, more at stake on this being announced, our hirelings of the war than any other man, excepting only press cried wur!' I cried, peace ! peuce ! Napoleon; but because the times are Between the 11th of March last and the likely to be ticklish, and because the present time, I have published 1st, Two. mere sound of your well-known name is articles at the head of the Register; 2nd, enough to fill any man living with .... My first Letter to you; 3rd, A Letter to

... prudence, my Lord. Doubtless Louis; 4th, My second Letter to you; we shall see times different from these; 5th, A Letter to the Merchants ; 6th, A and I am not at all afraid, that I shall Letter to the excellent people of Nothave to address you in those times; but tingham; 7th, A Letter to the Earl of we must, in this world, take things as we Liverpool, (called the VII.); 8th, A had then, and fashion ourselves a little to Letter to the Fundholders ; 9th, My


third Letter to you; 10th, A Letter to fenough there, who assail Napoleon; or, at Sir Francis Burdett. In these ten papers, least, who used to do it. Now, I hereby accompanied with the oilicial documents, challenge any one of these upon the suball to be found in the Register, I flatterject. Let him, like a mav, publish in the myself, that we shall hereafter be able to Boston federal papers the Daily Sula see (without hunting through volumes of vertiser, a regular attack upon the chaverbose, stupid stuff, in one shape or ano- racter and conduct of Napoleon, emther) a complete history not only in bracing all parts, public and private, of point of fact, but of argument, of the be- that character and conduct. Let any one ginning of this war. These articles con- do this ; let the paper be sent to me ; and tain, too, the political aconomy of the I pledge myself to answer it, in a Leiter question, which


and your colleagues, sent in manuscript to that same paper. If and even your opponents, take little or ņo the assailant puts his name, he will act notice of. Thus far, then, I have made more like a man; but, I will not stand all safe; but, before we actually enter upon that point. lle must take this along upon the work of blood, I mean, further, with him, however; that I shall not admit to put upon record the fair substance of of any fact being true, merely upon the what has been published as the reasons assertion of any body; and when such for the var, stated in the House of Com- assertion has been often repeated without mons, during the debate upon the question any attempt « PROOF, I shall always of war itself; because, the time is to regard that circunstance as a presumpcome when we shall have to refer to, and tive proof of its falshool.-But, though I, to cite, these opinions and declarations. I for the reasons here stated, decline entering should, perhaps, take notice of a reported into what I call an ANSWER upon the subdebate of the Lords ; but, it would be but ject of the character of Napoleoni, there repetition. I shall now proceed, point by is a passage in the report of Mr. Gratpoint, to notice the report, and particularly Tan's speech that I ought to put upon to put its substance upon record.

record, at least.--It is this : “ He had İ. Of the character of Napoleon. “I “made his brother King of Holland shall be very sliort upon this head, “he had banished the Prince Regent Lions ure not painters ; if they were, of Portugal from his native land he said the Lion in the fable, “ you would “had imprisoned the King of Spain6 not see a man painted in the attitude of " he had raised an army of 60,000 inen, “crushing a Lion.” I totally disagree which he meant to employ solely for the with all those, who drew hideous pictures purpose of conferring the same favour of Napoleon's character ; I could, even on the King of England; and had the with safety, triumphantly answer what space between the wo countries been was said; but, justice would demand a wholly composed of land-hall not that full exhibition of the contrast that might channel intervened which gave full scope be presented ; and, as this cannot be made to the power of the British pary, he with perfect freedom, the answer ought “ would long ago have put his design not to be entered on. It would be the “ into execution. When he conceived the height of injustice to enter on the defence“ wild and extravagant idea of conquerof any man without being free to produce “ing Europe, he acknowledged he must all that can be produced in his justifi-“first conquer England, and complained cation; what, then, would it be to enter "bitterly of the power of her marine, the on such defence without being able to 66 subversion of which he was determined produce hardly any of the main facts, to attempt by the destruction of her calculated to put the character of Napo- commerce. For the attainment of this leon in its true light ? Let it be declared, 6 objcct he put in motion all his political that truth shall never more be a libel; engines; and after subjugating the and, then, the character of Nipoleon will " whole continent of Europe to his sway, have it- fair chance; then, and not till he contrived to place you between tro then, will his abusers have a right to ex- fires--that is, between the Continent in pect, that until contradicted, their asser- Europe, in which was the army of tions ought to pass for truth. But, there France, and another Continent in Amce

Aristocrats and Cossack Priests" rica, which was our great rival for the enough in New England. There are men "palm of commerciul greatness, and by


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these means endeavoured to effect our , treaty, too, hostile to English commerce ? 56 utter destruction. Ile deluded the Empe-|I am very anxious upon this point, my

ror of Russia into a treaty with him, by Lord; because, if an Emperor really has ~ which he put an end to all commercial been deluded into one treaty, it is possible 6 relations between Russia and England; that he may be deluded into another. Bea “and because the Emperor of that vast sides, if I mistake not,our maguanimous ally

empire did not adhere to the prohibi- had liad, at the time alluded to, ample op6 tions which he (Bonaparte) wus conti-portunity of knowing Napoleon's views aš

nually dictating, he would if he could, well as character. It was in 1808, I be“have driven him and his people into the lieve, when Napoleon's army was in Spain s frozen

After having received and when his brother was on the throne the most signal favours from the King of the country. If I do not mistake, too, 6 of Prussia, he avowed the intention of the Emperor, at that time, recognized as

putting him out of the list of crowned valid what had been done in Spain. Grant heads; and after all those act; of feroci- that this was delusion, however,

it is

very 6 ous enmity and malignant hostility, the perilous to have to do with such a man; a “ Allies when they arrived at the gates of man, who was able to delude the two “ Paris, did an act which reflected on Kings of Spain to abdicate in his favour; 5 them the highest honour-an act which to delude the Pope to marry him to a se

posterity should never forget-the Alcord wife whiie the first was alive; to de“ lies had magnanimously given to France lude the Emperor of Austria to give him

liberty; and to Bonaparte life and the his daughter in marriage; to delude RusIsland of Elba.-He had made his sia, Austria, Prussia, Spain, and Holland, brother King of Holland ; Well? and to declare war agaiust England; 10 dewhat was that more than making his bro- lude Austria, Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, ther-in-law King of Sweden, or, at least, to join him in a war to invade Russia. heir apparent to the Crown? And, Mr. Really, this is delusion upon a grand scale Grattan ought to bear in mind, that we indeed! But, if he did so delude all these have confirmed that act by a solemn trea- powers before, and even contrived to bring ty. I do not know that he banished the America upon us, is there not a possibility, Prince Regent of Portugal, or that he im- at any rate, that he may be successful in prisoned the King of Spain; but, I know his delusive acts again?---Mr. Grattan's revery well, that he had as great right to porter tells us, that Napoleon, after hav, both, as Charles V. had to imprison ing “ received the most signal favours Francis I.-And, what if he did intend to from the King of Prussia, he avowed his take England, and capture the King of intention “ of putting him out of the list England? Did not a King of England once of crowned heads." I never heard of do that in France ? If he did not, our his- these favours before. I knew, that, on torians are shocking liars.-But, my Lord, the other side, Napoleon was twice in posmind, Mr. Grattan says, that, if there had session of Berlin; that the Royal Family been no water between, Napoleon would twice fled; and that, to the infinite morhave had our king in prison, I know, that tification of the Republicans all over the the French used to say this; but, I always world, Napoleon replaced the King of used to believe, that England could have Prussia in his dominions and authority. defended itself without the aid of the water. I knew, too, that a Prussian

army marched However, since this second Burke tells us with Napoleon against Rnssia; and that the contrary, we must not hesitate any lon- the King of Prussia issued a proclamation, ger. Napoleon “contrivedto place us be- severely condemning D’Yorck for his tween two fires; he contrived to bring the going over and leaving Napoleon. Americans upon us; he deluded the Emperor really, I never heard of any favours, reof Russia into a treaty hostile to our com- ceived by Napoleon from the king of Prusmerce, and then, because the Emperor sia.—The allies, Mr. Grattan says, magwould not adhere to the prohibitions nanimously gave Napoleon life and the which Napoleon was dictating, he went island of Elbl. You have denied this, to war with the Emperor and his polite several times, in the most positive terms. people.-But, my Lord, is it true, that an 'You have asserted, that the treaty of ForEmperor, our ally, can be deluded; and, tainbleau was a treaty of policy; you more especially into a treaty; and, a have asserted, that the allies were by to


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