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Vol. XXVII. No. 23.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 1815. [Price 1s.

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[706 "The revolutionary ideas of France have already which we now hear the warriors most bit

" made but too great a progress in the heartx terly complain of. They have disguised " of men in all countries, and eren in the very this for a good while; because, the letting

centre of every capital. If crime be crowned it be seen, that they were at war against " witha reward in France, every individual may the kind of government existing in France, " hope that the subversion of order in his own was to give their opponents a powerful

country will proenre him a situation, it nut handle against them. At last, however, “ hovou ble, at least hononreil. IT IS NOT they have been driven to suffer this to “BON APARTE THAT AT PRESENT take place. They were beaten upon

the “ FORMS THE DANGER OF EUROPE: personal question, and were compelled to " lie is unmasked. IT IS THE NEW OPl. tly to the system. In the published re. NIONS; it is the disorganisation of men's port of the Debate in the House of minds; it is the making revolt a calculation Lords, it is stated, that the EARL of LI" of private iutere:t; it is the most deadly of VERPOOL said, that we were Campelled “all contagions, the contagion of immorality,

again to have recourse to arms, ard to " of false philanthropy, of a perfitions selt:

renew the contest against that power, " styled philosophy ; from all which the world

“ and that system, which had been the “ requires to be protected. THIS IS THE

parent of such tremendous calamities: " TRUE HYDR+ which must be DE.

that the state of things in “ STROYED, or it will destroy all Europe. - without the most imminent danger to

66 France afforded no security for peace “ The cause of morality is the cause of GOD; “it is the cause of all inen, of ail nations, of

6 other nations : ...... that, with such « all thrones! !”—Times Newspaper, 6 June, mated with such a spirit, and acting

a government as that of France, ani1813.

upon such principles, it was impossible LETTER V.

“ to expect with safety to remain in a state peace :

that he himself was To LORD CASTLEREAGI.

desirous that France should have a li. On the Debates relative to the Commence- " mited government, founded on princiment of the War against France. "ples of a nature similar to those which

" prevailed in THIS COUNTRY. Ile

" knew that it had been a matter of spe. MY LORD,

6 culation how far a free constitution II. Of the French system of Government. “ could be maintained in France, together -For a long while it was pretended, that it with that large military force, which, on was merely Napoleon who was the object “ account of her extensive frontier, nuof dread with the Allies. They would“ merous fortresses, and from other causes, not interfere in the domestic affairs of " it might be necessary for that conntry France. They would not presume to say to keep up even in time of peace. It what sort of government the French should " had been contended by some, that so have. They did not pretend to deny, that “ large a military establishment was inthey had no right to forbid the French to "compatible with a limited government; have whatever kind of government they “ but whether that opinion was well or ill might choose. But, Napoleon; it was 5 founded, this at least was clear, that merely Napoleon, that they wished to put “ under such circumstances, it was imdown, because he had broken his treaties possible that a free Constitution could with them, and because his ambition was exist where the head of the government such, that he would never suffer Europe was a military chief, who owed his sito be at rest. This was the language for “tuation to the sword, and whose title a long while. But, by degrees, it has “ arose from, and was founded on the changed; and, it is the French SYSTEM, “ sword. There was no individual under

66 of



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“ whose sway it was so totally impossible was, whether, under these circumstances,

that any thing like a limited government “it was not incumbent upon you to take có could exist, as that individual whose “ advantage of this state of things, and “ title depended on the sword, whose oppose

PERNICIOUS A SYS. “ fame, whose power, and all that ren- TEM, whilst the amplest means of « dered him distinguished, arose from, 66 resistance were in your power. ... 6 and was connected with war and con- “ That we had a right to say, that France

quest. At the period of the invasion " shall not have u Governmet which threa“ of France, the general impression in “tens the repose of other nations.... " that country was, that under him there that we ought not to refuse to join in

was no hope of a permanent limited go- crushing one of the greatest coils that vernment; and the common opinion ever existed."-Thus far the Prime Miwas, that, so desirable an object would nister. Nothing can be more full to the

be best secured under the sway of the point. It is the SYSTEM; the sort of olil sumily. There was, in the very cir- Covernment. This is what the Allies are “ cumstance of the Government being in at war with; and, they are at war with “the hands of the old and legitimate fa- Napoleon because he is the Chief of the

mily, which formed the best security nation, who have adopted that system. “ for the permanenee and support of a The report gives to LORD GRENVILLE

limited system. If the restoration of the following expressions upon this point: the old family, therefore, would be be- “ Was it nothing. Dow to be desired to neficial to the whole of the rest of Eu" simction ( system under which Europe

rope, it would be in the highest degree 6 huil so long groaned, with such an army: " fuvourable to France. Then could any " and such a chief at its head? If his dis

one so cúmpletely shut his eyes to all position was said to have undergone 6 that happened during the last 14 or 15 some change, his situution again was

years, as to believe that this country or now changed; and as the army was for“ Europe could with safety enjoy a state merly upheld by spoliation and plunder, of repose, while

PLAN and SYS-" so now, for the same objects, 'he was re" TEM of Government remained as it was called by his former instruments, who 6 at present? ..

that in the whole of " alone could maintain him in his regained Europe there was orily one sentiment, and power. As to new constitutions, he was

the Sovereigns had the means and the will" firmly of opinion, that a good constilua “ to resist a systein, the existence of ichich tion could only be formed by the adapta

must be destructivc of'ull hopes of secure tion of remedies from tiine to time, un

and permanent tranquillily. .. That "der the circumstances which required “ the Allies wished not to see France aban- " then. That seemed the only means of 66 doned to the ravages of war, her pro- accomplishing that difficult work. The 66 vinces or her resources curtailed, but “ only instance of exception mentioned 6 only such a government existing in that was that of America: but that did not 6 country as would afford security to the “ appply. The founders of that constitue rest of Europe. In this view he thought “ tion acted with great wisdom. It was « it would be generally admitted, that the “ framed so as to produce as little change 6 restoration of Louis XVIII. to his " as possible in the existing laws and man66 throne was an object dear to the heart, ners under the altered form of gorern“ not only from feelings of SYMPATIIY, “mcit, which, though a republic, was “ but from a principle of general expedi- “constructed is nearly as the difference

ency....... That the argument, then, “ woulil admit, on the monarchical form

was this : in the first place, you clearly “ of our OWN CONSTITUTION": " had a just cause of war against THAT Howy odd it is, my Lord, that we “ SYSTEM OF GOVERNMEYT IN should always be wanting other people “ FRANCE, which experience had deci- to imitate our 6 invaluable Constilne deiliy proved to be incompatible with the tion!" However, this is another man's 6 peace and independence of the nations of matter, as the saying is. It shall be iny Europe: next, you had, at present, business, in a seperate address to Lord means of opposing that system which Grenville, to shew him how “ nearlythe you could not reasonably hope to pos- Americans have constructed their Governsess at a future time; and the question. mcit upop our plan : that shall be my

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business, and shall be fully discharged in "firm in the heart of Europe a military the next number of the Register. But, “ domination founded on triumph over to return to the French SYSTEM, the civil rights, and which had made the exreporter makes your Lordship say: "that's

'periment of governing a great nation in this case it is impossible to seperate without any religion, and which aimed the Government from the nation.”—Mr. “ at governing Europe by means of breakJ. SMITH is reported as having called “ing oaths and deposing Kings ? (lleur) the French system a system of Plunder and “ If they would agree to confirm that to have called the French army banditti. 1system,-if they would degrude the hoDid the gentleman never hear of any other" nour of Englandif they would forplunderers? I have a great mind io send get the value of morals, and despise him a file of American we wspapers! The " the obligations of religion,-if they truth is, that we do take the liberty to 66 would astonish all our allies by such look upon ourselves as exempt from all “a confirmation, would not Europe exthe moral obligations which we apply to claim against us, and say, “You have the conduct of others. We are like But. 56 kindly assisted and generously contriler's Saints, who insisted, that fiddles, o buted to our deliverance ; and do you race-horses, whores, and dice were their “6 at the most urgent moment fall back ? exclusive property, and were, in part, un- 666 In vain have you so long opposed and justly detained from them by the wicked. “O born up against the flying fortunes of

-Mr. GRATTAN'S words are next given “66 the world, in vain have you taken the by the reporter, who makes that gentle“ eagles from the hands of the invaders, man say:

that the French Government “ ' in vain have you snatched invincibility " is a stateocracy: that the French Consti- “ " from the standards of the foe! Now, - tution was war, and that Bonaparte was 666 when all Europe is ready to march, “the man best calculated to support it:.. " are you, who were in the front before, « ..that with Mr. Burke's authority, with 66 the foremast to take the lead in de6 Mr. Fox's practice, and with the opinj. “ o sertion ?'......MR. C. WYNNE

and conduct of others whom it would quoted a number of historical fucts, “ wear out a day to name, he was against “ to shew that it had always been neces“ a treaty founded on the chances of Bo-1" sary to curb the ambition of FRANCE, “ naparte's giving liberty to France, at " and contrasted the approaching meeting

“ the certain hazırd of the independence of in Paris, to accept the new constitution, 16 Europe. If we had no right to dictate “ under the influence of a military des66 a Government to France, we had a potism, with the FREEDOM OF Elec66 right to say to France, l'ou shall not

TION IN ENGLAND, where all the troops 6 choose a Government, the object of " were removed from the spot at which it 666 which is to raise all your strength took place."--This is very true, my

"against Europe._As to the Govern- Lord. I dare say there were no army pre":66 ment of Louis the Eighteenth, which he sent at the election of Mr. Quintin 6 should rather speak of as interrupted Dick"; nor did I ever hear of any being “ than subverted, it was mildness itself employed at Sarum, Galton, Reygale, “ compared to that of Bonaparte. It was Appleby, Bamber, Queenborough, Nerea s free under it to discuss all questions of ton, and a long list of fine places in Corn“ church or ministry, or political or re-wall, Scotland, Ireland, and, indeed all ligious intolerance, and the science of over the kingdom ; though I do recollect, 6. Government and philososphy, and in- I think, something about soldiers being 6 toleration advanced under it, and there employed at Bristol. Here, my Lord, 66 was at least an amenity in France that I conclude as to this point; and, I “ rendered a great nation amiable. It think, that it will never, after this, be " was now proposed to subject that race denied, that the war is now, as it was in “of people to a pure oriental despotism. 1791, 1792, 1793, and the succeeding “ There was a sort of monstrous unreality years, 'till 1814, a struggle beiween re“ in the revived system of Government, publican principles, or, as they are some" that stated nothing as it is ; and every times called jacobin principles, and the " thing as it was not. (Hear.) The principles of aristocracy and monarchy. 66 zehole state was corrupted. He would Which are the best and which the wont “ ask whether by treaty they would con- l of these principles, we are not now dis


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cussing. It is the fact, that I am anxious 6 prepared, or were indisposed to the to record the proof of : namely, That the contest, in that case an armed peace war is a war against the system of govern

“ would be preferable, though it ment, which the French have adopted ; a 66 would still be an ALTERNATIVE System, of government, which recognizes 66 OF EXCESSIVE EVIL. the right of the people to choose their own By Lord BATHURST, “ that it was not Chief Magistrate ; which acknowledges possible for us to avoid war sooncr to feudal titles or privileges; which or later; that, next year, Bona. kuows of no tithes, no predominant parte's power would be more forChurch, Clergy, or Religion ; which takes 6 midable than this year ; that we turation as the basis of representation ;

6 went to war to secure ourselves which knows nothing of Boroughs or their against alarming danger. patrons. Pray, my Lord, look at the By Lord GRENVILLE, that we were motto to this Letter.

“ der the footal necessity of going to III. Of our present situation with ren war; that war was not only necesgurd to France.This, my Lord, is a sary but unavoidable; that there great point. Because, we have been u was no option left us, nor any long about 22 years at war; and, if we find the 6 time for deliberation; that we members of both houses of parliament were placed by an imperious ncinsisting, that WE ARE NOW IN SUCII cessity in a state to do what could A STATE with regard to France ; that 6 not be avoided; that in this situaanother war is absolutely necessary to

6 tion we were called on to adopt the save us from destruction, is it not time for

calculated to atert the greatus to begin to ask what we have had 22 est dangers. No words of which years of war for? The whole of this he was master; nothing that the thinking, “ this most thinking people" page of history recorded, uppeared were drunk; they were mad with joy, last adequate to impress on their Lordyear. They boasted, and were applauded 6 ships minds the situation in which for boasting, that they had, by their per

now placed.

If such severance in submitting to taxation, at means were required from any, to last, won peace and safety for themselves “ place in fall view the dangers of and for their children.--Now, then, let “ removing the barriers against us hear what the members of the two 6 French ambition and aggression, houses of parliament are reported to have " and the necessity that must exist if said upon the subject of our present si- they were not removed, he should tuation, that is to say, our situation at the

6 despair.end of about eleven months from the time By Mr. GRATTAN, “that, as to the ability when that boasting took place.--It was “ of opposing aggression, he hoped said

none would live to see the time By the Eart of LIVERPOOL: Indeed, 6 when England, together with the 66 what other alternative was left but “ rest of Europe, would be obliged

zar, or an armed peace almost “ tu truckle before France, and when “ equivalent to war in point of ex

" these islands should seek an humble pence, and leaving the country in Ce situation under the French Impea feverish state of anriety as 10

rial Eagle. What would be out defince? Supposing a treaty with

Có situation if we abandoned our al6 Bonaparte, could any man con

6 liance? State it as you please, it template a peace establishment in 6 musi be first of all an armed peao?'. " the old sense of that phrase? The " No Minister would venture to “ country could only have a foverish disarm the country in such a case. Go and disturbed repose. The system 6. This armed peace would be follow66 of armed defence was calamitous in 6 cd by the evils of a corruption of 4 itself, and one of which the country manners, and a vastly increased es had had no experience, Ile admit- " expenditure ; and that would be 6 ted that circumstances might exist

6 followed by a renewal of war. "jo which an armed peace might be “ You might then have no alliance.

preferable to war;—if for instance certainly not so strong an alliance " the powers of Europe had noi been as you bave; while your enemy




bi self.

“ would be confirmed in his title, and no mind of their own; who never think; “ have full opportunity to arm him- who take up the thoughts of others; who

Instead of tighting for the are, in reality, no more members of civil “ French crown, you would give him society than are dogs and horses, whom * the chance of fighting for the Eng. they imitate in subserviency, and wbom “ Wish crown.

You are they hardly surpass in the powers of rea• not to consider about what money souing. For these persons, if persons they

you must spend, BUT WIAT FOR- ought to be called; for those who are not

TUNES YOU MAY BE ABLE TO KEEP. to be convinced by the weight of taxes' " On the very principle of economy, which they bear; by the disappearance of “ you are to consider that you will the real money of the country; by the. “ not expend more by war than by sale of light guineas at 28 shillings each

remaining at peace, with the de- in Bank of England paper; by the las

" mands of a nur establishment." protecting that Bank against the demand By MR. PLUNKETT, that “ he considered of payment of its notes in cash ; by the

" that we had, in fact, no option be- law making those notes a legal tender for "tween peace and wur. As for peace, rent; by the trippling of the poors-rates

we could have no more than a fever- and the paupers ; by the law relative to “ ish, unrefreshing dream of peace the importation of Corn; by all the laws still haunted by the spectre of wur. laying restraint upon the press ; by the “ In point of finances we should find suspeusion of the habeas corpus act for

a peace with a war establishment seven years at one time ; by the keeping “ would be much greater than war. up, for many years, and still now keeping “ If we did now go to war in con- up, a foreign army, an army of Germans, “ junction with all the great powers of Hanoverians, in England, in time of * of Europe, we would soon be re- peace as well as in time of war: for those, duced to a war single-handed against who are not to be convinced by all these France. If we did not now in- things, the question is now to be decideid, “ vade France, and carry on the war whether the Pitt system be a good one or upon her territories, the time might a bad one.-One would have thought,

when our country would be however, after having heard the above come the seat of war, and we would description of our perilous state at this fall unpitied and despised. If we time; after hearing the country described

were now to turn our back upon as having no alternative but war or an 6 the great powers that were our armed peace ; after having it positively as.

Allies, we would deserve that all / serted, and hearing the assertion cheered só nations should turn their backs from all quarters, that we are now under

upon us, when we began to feel the fatal necessity of renewing the war and "the consequences of our impolicy of paying subsidies, and that this gives us 6 Mr. Plunkett's speech was received the only chance of salvation : after hear

by the House with great applause, ing this, had we, my good Lord, to es* and he was loudly cheered for se- pect, that, in the same place, and upon

6. veral minutes after he had sat dowu.” the same occasion, that system which had By Lord Milton, that “it was better to brought us into this state, would be ex

have war with the advantages of wur, tolled to the skies ?-Yet, such is the " than peace without the uivantages fact, which I now have to record.-In “ of peuce; and considering, as he the published report of your Lordship's

did, that no faith could be placed speech of the 25th of May, I find the fol. “ in the present Ruler of France, he lowing passage. After speaking in a high “ thought the only real security we strain of the justice and wisdom of the có could have, wus to be found in a Congress at Vienna, and of the treulics vigorous war."

made there, you are reported to have proIV. Of the Pilt system.---This is the ceeded as follows :-“ When the proper most important point of all; for, in fact, “ period arrived, he was prepared to jasthe question is now to be decided, whether “ tify them carrying into executhe system of this man was good or bad. “tion, not only in substance, but almost Not to be decided for the intelligent part“ in all the details, that plan which haub of the nation; but for the herd, who have I been formed by a statesman, from whom



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