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“ he, and those who acted with him, must 5 to all who reverenced the politics of that
ever feel the highest deference and ad, great statesman, Mr. Pitt, as he did, that « miration-Mr. Pitt. He (Mr. Pitt) they had lived to see that reduced to 56 when contemplating the possible success “ practice which his great mind, when 6 of a great confederation against France, given to the cousideration of this impores had considered that general arrange- “lunt question, had fondly imagined in the 56 ment which had been in a great measure 6 abstract as the utmost of his wishes.”— “ carried into effect, to be that which Lived to see what reduced to practice, ss would prove most conducive to the hap- my Lord ? To practice! Why, there is no “ piness of Europe. He (Lord Castle- part of the plan yet reduced to practice, " reagh) was prepared to shew when the Treaties have, indeed, been made; but, " question came before the House, that there is a battle to be fought to decide " the decisions which had been made with whether those treaties are to have effect.
respect to the immediate interests of this I knojy nothing of Pitt's schemes that has
country, ucre more advantageous than yet succeeded. He told the nation in 66 those fondly contemplated by Mr. Pitt, 1793, that it had to fight for its existence;
consequences of successful war. and so you and your colleagues and sup-, “ He had not hoped that such good con- porters tell the nation now. It is, at any 66 ditions could be obtained for Holland as rate, a little premature to boast of your « had been secured at the Congress. Mr. great statesman's success. He had a plan for " Pitt had considered it necessary to ex- paying off the National Debt, and the “ tend the power of Prussia beyond the Debt has become more than four times as “ Rhine, and the annexation of Genoa great as it was when he adopted his plan. it with Piedmont was a part of his plan, He had a plan for ruining the finances of by much as that arrangement had of laté France; and, at the end of four years " been censured by those in opposition to from that time, he passed a bill to autho6 the present Government. At an early rize the Bank of England to refuse pay: 6 period of the late war, at least when the ment of their potes in cashi. He had a
successes of the Allies had first given a plan for inducing the people of England
prospect of a successful termination of to arm for their country's defence, and he " the struggle against France, soon after passed a Bill to authorize the keeping up " the Russian army had crossed the Vis- of Hanoverian Regiments in England. He “ tula, he (Lord Castlereagh) had trans had a plan for reducing the French by “ mitted a copy of the dispatch of Mr. the means of famine ; and we have now a “ Pitt to the Ambassador of the Emperor Corn Bill to prevent the French from pour“ Alexander, and desired to be apprized ing in upon us the superabundance of their “if any, and what alteration had taken provisions.—But, you will say, “allow,
place in the views of Russia with respect at any rate, that his plan for destroying “ to that plan in the event of the contest“ French principles succeeded.” No: for “ being brought to 'a successful issue. they are not destroyed; and, all the " The answer to this communication in speakers in favour of war insist, that we 6. formed him, that the Emperor of Rus- shall now be devoured by these same “sia had nothing to state in departure I'rench principles, unless we destroy them ,
from the principles of the arrangement by war. The passage, which I have taken 666 laid dotn by Mr. Pilt in 1805. This for my motto, expresses the sentiments of
was some proof of their solidity, and the whole of the war party. It is, indeed, .6 on these principles England had gone in the mouths of them all
, that war, and 6 into the contest closely united in the war only, can save us from French prin66 views with her Allies. Acting on these ciples.-- Therefore, we are, in this respect, 56 feelings which had regulated his con- just where your great statesman set out “ duct, however he might be sensible that with us; but, we have added to our debt "" it was not possible an arrangement with and taxes fourfold, and we have found,
any particular power could fix the rela- that, with the Bourbons on the throne, 66 tions of all Europe; and feeling as he we cannot live in peace, without greater 66 did, that as all Europe must co-operate distress even than that occasioned by war. “ in the great work, it could only be ef- -The.“ Pitt Club” may toast as long as “ fected in a spirit of compromise ; yet they please; but, I am of opinion, that,
was it no small satisfaction to him, and whether in peace or war, the Pitt System will very soon have produced consequences had continued.But the troops! the that will defy longer disguise.
troops! Let us see the muser-roll of V. Of the great means of the Allies those who are to destroy French prin. against France, including subsidies. ciples by means of powder and ball.---Your Lordship said, upon this point, that Mr. GRATTAN said, you had 600,000 of you had, thus, “ endeavoured to open the these gentlemen preservers of religion
general ground of the war, trusting much and social order; but you carry the’num" to the MIND, the INTELLIGENCE, ber much higher, in your published re* the EXPERIENCE, and EXTENSIVE ported speech of the 26th of May, wherein · 6 KNOWLEDGE ofthe HIOUSE! which you give this thinking nation the fol" had, for treenty-five years, dwelt on lowing “passing events. Although painful to
MUSTER ROLL. “ his feelings to make a proposition of 66 As far as Austria was concerned, * this nature, instead of realising those there were in full operation, ready to “ BRILLIANT PROSPECTS of peace “ act and be put in motion, an army of 66 and security, which, after so many ex- 66 150,000 men in Italy, sufficient of itself “ ertions, the country had a right to con- " to satisfy the stipulations in the treaty. * template, yet he felt much consolation in “ But this power would have an army of
comparing our present situation with “ extent in another quarter towards the 6 that in which we stood in the course of Rhine, so that instead of 150,000, we former wars. We were not now con- migiit consider the operating and effectending for our own safety, without a 1“ tive army to amount to 300,000 men. single Ally, against the power of the “ With respect to the Russian force, he enemy Let the House recollect, that had the satisfaction to state, that the
even at that moment, when engaged in “ Emperor had engaged in the present * the prosecution of our own moral duty, “ contest with that decision which marked
our aid was required for Portugal and the whole of his conduct throughout the “ Spain, we had not hesitated to interpose 6 late eventful war, and had resolved to
our strong hand: we had felt bold in "call out a great part of the forces of his 6 the justice of our cause, and became mighty empire.' General Barclay de " the protectors of other countries. This “ Tolly was at the head of as fine an army 6. resolution had been pursued with a de- as ever was called out on service in any is
gree of perseverance, which did honor to country, having such ample means of " the country. We had strugglelthrough " selection in their power. The force in " the storm--we survived the period of “the ranks under him, which would ar
calamity, and had the satisfaction of "rive at the Rhine, amounted to 225,000 bó seeing those two nations freed, and the men, and as this army was accompanied 66 whole of Europe confederated against by a number of volunteers, it would are 6. France, instead of being combined rive at the Rhine as complete in num66 against us.
It was, therefore, evident, 67 bers as when it lest the Russian empire. " that we now started from a different " There was assembled besides on the 6 point. We were then fighting against
frontiers another army of 150,000 men, “ France, and the whole porter of Europe. “ under General Wittgenstein ; and the 5 All Europe was now contending reith - Emperor had signified to his Royal High.
us against France : pay, a strong com- 6 ness the Prince Regent his readiness to “bination in France itself was probably put in motion this army, if exigencies formed on our side, so that we were
66 should render such a measure necessary. fighting with the Powers of the Conti- “ No money that it was in our power to “ Hent and a portion of France, against grant could create such an army-all 66 the usurpation of Bonaparte and of 66 that we could possibly do was to assist “ the army.” Oh! this makes you feel them in their efforts. That force of consolation, does it? I wish you could " 225,000 men was very nearly advanced hear what the press of America will say " to the Rhine, and in such a state of mi. upon this. And, what were the.“ bril-litary efficiency as, was never exceeded liant prospects” of peace and security ? " by any army.—The third Power which The prospects of peace were worse, were 6 had made such great exertions during more gloomy, more wretched, than those “ the last war, to the great admiration of of war. We had lost all, even if peace !" every man, had not confined himself to
" the stipulations of the Treaty, but had , “ gency."--Hourra, Pat! here we go at “ six corps, of 236,000 men in the the Jacobins ! How this must have de
whole, in an effective state. But the lighted the eyes and gladdened the hearts “ House were entitled to inquire from of those worthy and zealous gentlemen, the
him, and he was anxious to anti- General Assembly of the Kirk of Scot
cipate them in their wish for informa- land, who have been the first, and, as 5 tion, whether our pecuniary assistance yet, the only body of men, who have pre“ was to be confided to the three great sented an address in favour of war. “ Powers, and whether such other Powers VI. Of the small means of the French
as might join the common cause were to defend themselves.-Upon this subject “ to share all the difficulties, without re- it was said
ceiving any extent of assistance ? He By the Earl of LIVERPOOL, that “the
thought it right that the House should sentiments of the bulk of the French “know what was the extent of that de- “ nation were extremely averse” to "scription of force, and what was the
“ Napoleon. “ value of the aid which they were likely By Mr. GRATTAN, that “ the French 66 to receiye from us.
Having stated the power had in other respects been « force of the great Powers, he did not
diminished. Bonaparte had no u wish to enter into a statement of the cavalry; he had no money; he had " force of each subordinate Power. Con
no title, nor any credit. The peosidering Great Britain and Holland "ple had never regreted his absence;
separately, he would estimate the other on the contrary, they were over“ Powers together--some of them would “joyed at it. Indeed, how could
bring considerable forces into the field; they regret the man who bad im. 6 Bavaria, for instance, had an army of “ posed on them a military yoke" 60,000 men of the very best descrip- “ who had taken their money by his
The force which that Power, own decrees--who had robbed them “ with Wirtemberg, Baden, Hesse, Sax- of their children by an arbitrary
ony, the Hanse Towns, and the small conscription ? The people would “ States on the Rhine, would bring into
“ pot rise in favour and support of 6 the field, amounted to one hundred and a conqueror who had proved “ fifty thousand men, besides what was “ himself an oppressor of France.
already stated. That collective mass " On the contrary, they would be
was independent of the force of the “ glad to see the Allies triumph over 6. three great Powers, and the force of him, for they must clearly see, that “ Great Britain and Holland.— The Bri- “ when the conqueror was removed 6 tish force would be 50,000 men, and 6 the oppressor would be removed " the King of the Netherlands was to “also. The first powers of Europe 6 furnish an equal amount of 50,000
" had now united to remove the men to the Confederacy. There were oppressor, and it would be ridicu
actually 30,000 of them in service and “ lous to suppose that the French 6 in the field, and the remainder of the people would break their oaths “ force was in a state of preparation and pledged to a mild and merciful So
was expected to be soon ready. Tak- « vereign, for the purpose of saddling ing therefore the whole collective force: “ themselves with the cternal damnaAustria
“tion of a military despotism.”.... Russia 225,000
.That, “his” (NapoPrussja
leon's) power was at present totCollective States of Gerniany 1595,000
“ tering to the very buse." Great Britain
By Mr. PLUNKET, that “ If we were to Holland
“ tell the French people that we were
“ ready to negociate with Bonaparte 1,011,000
as their ruler, it would at once " It formed a total of one million and “ destroy all the hopes that might 66 eleven thousand men exclusive of the now fairly be entertained of the co
army of the Emperor of Russsia as- operation of a considerable portion 66 sembled on the frontiers of his domini- 66 of the nation. When, however,
ons, and ready to act in case of exi. “ we saw the situation in which Boe
IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
“ naparte now stood ; when we saw TO CORRESPONDENTS “him reduced to make professions
contrary to his very nature ; when
we saw the vessel in which his for“ tunes were embarked lubouring Botley, near Southampton, 7th June, 1815. “ with the storm, and its mast bowed I have received by post a single Na“ down to the water's edge, it would tional Intelligencer of the 23d of April, “ be to the height of impolicy and I and NILES'S WEEKLY REGISTER,
absurdity to hesitule on the cause of April 1st and Sth, 1815. They were " that
we had to pursue."--These under covers, and directed to “ Botley, are memorable words.
near London." It should have been By yourself, my Lord, that “ The mili
“ Botley, near Southampton." They were tary force of ALL THE REST OF put into the post-oflice at Portsmouth, “ EUROPE was combined against only 14 miles from Botley; but, having the HALF OF FRANCE.”
the word London upon them, they were
sent on thither. I beg Mr. Niles and the Hourra, hourra, Pat! Here we dash at person who sent me the Intelligencer, to the Jacobins, as we did at the Yunkies. accept of my best thanks. I am very
highly flattered at perceiving, that a work VII. Of the Morality of the Subsi- precisely upon the model, and with the dies.--Mr. PLUNKIt said, that “ We had title of my own, should have been esta.
now a most powerful combination blished in America, and carried on already " of Allies, not fomented by us, but to the eighth volume. I hope Mr. Niles
acting from the moral feeling which will continue sending me his Register. He “ pervade all Europe. If we were shall have Cobbett’s Register sent him as “ foolish enough to throw away those regularly as possible.-1 beg my Corres
means, we could never hope to re- pondents to look at my Notices in the two «s cal them. Those of his friends who last Numbers. 66 had talked the most about husban
WM. COBBETT. 66 ding the resources of the country, “ had confessed, that when an occa* siou should arrive, when some im
MODERN FORGERIES. portant blow could be struck
against the enemy, that system MB. COBBETT,—The French Govern" should be no longer persevered in. ment invite the distinguished English at " That important crisis had now ar. Paris to visit the archives, for the purpose “ rived. It was vain to expect that of witnessing the base falsification of do.
more favourable opportunity cuments, made with a view to support the “ would ever arrive. All the great recent political arrangements of the Con
powers of Europe were now with gress; and that such falsifications have
us, and a considerable portion of taken place no discerning man in Europe “the population of France.
can doubt. It is, however, unnecessary
to go to Paris to witness the fraud of such Here I close my extracts, my Lord. falsifications; a similar manæuvre having These are memorable passages. They will just been played off on the whole English have to be reverted to many hundreds of nation, so barefacedly, that all may detimes. Here they are safe. They will tect it, in an important document, lately not now be lost. Here are the alleged
laid officially before the House of Comcauses and the projected effects of the war, your last Register.
mons, a copy of which you inserted in on which we are now entering ; and, In the ENGLISH TRANSLATION of this having made these sure, I shall, in my document, M. de Caulaincourt, the French future letters, request your attention to Minister for Foreign Affairs, who may be other matters.
supposed to have written under the immeI am, &c. &c.
diate eye of the Emperor, is made, in the WY. COBBETT.
oflicial translation, to say, in speaking of
Napoleon's recal to the throne of France, Bosley, 7th June, 1815.
that “His Majesty prides himself abore
66 all on the reflection, that he owes it en- , expressible by the English words UNPRO“ tirely to the love of the French people, ) FITABLE GREATNESS, or FRUITLESS GRAN5 and he has no other wish than to repay DEUR, is insidiously and dishonestly per“ such affections no longer by the trophies verted into the criminal passion of " vain C of VAIN AMBITION, but by all the ad. ambition," to serve the purposes of cor
vantages of an honourable repose, and ruption and craft, and to delude the very " by all the blessings of a happy tran- numerous readers of this interesting State
quillity.” Now, Sir, who would sup- Paper, who have not the opportunity to pose, in reading this passage, but that the compare it with the French original. Can Emperor Napoleon, penetrated with com- “good cause” stand in need of such punction for his past errors, had been led despicable artifices ? to confess, through his Minister, that he had been heretofore stimulated by
I am, Sir, your constant reader,
vain ambition," the vice so currently attributed
WILLIAN MAYLAND. to him by the prostituted press of Eng. London, May 28, 1815. land ?--Their point in truth was thus accomplished. They had for years accused Bonaparte of disturbing the world by his TO THE THINKING PEOPLE OF ENGLAND,
vain ambition;" and here they give it WHO' DO NOT FORM THE AristoCRACY, under his own hand, or, which is the
AND WHO ARE NOT OF THE WAR Facsame thing, under the hand of his confi. dential Minister. Doubtless you and the public at large have been struck with this MY FRIENDS.-It might be well for extraordinary confession, made in the face you to consider the terrific scene, which is of a thousand facts, which give it the lie pendant over your country, and over direct, it being most notorious to every Europe. The moments are few, but they one who has lived with his eyes open since may yet serve for the public expression of the year 1799, that Bonaparte's career popular opinion against a war with France, began by the restoration of a general | which your Regent and a large proportion peace, and has been uniformly marked by of your Aristocracy has determined on. endeavours to remain at peace with ait Consider. how similar the occasion and those who chose to be at peace with him; commencement of this war is to that of his overtures and solicitations in favour the first one, which arose out of the of peace savouring of pusillanimity, and French Revolution. It is the dread of the sometimes leading to war, by affording success and of the ultimate spread of that grounds for a charge of weakness on his spirit, of that Revolution which has alarmpart. I was led, therefore, to notice this ed the feelings, and aroused the indignapassage in the French original, as pre- tion of our trembling Aristocracy: The sented to the Houses of Parliament, when, expulsion of one dynasty, and the popular to my utter astonishment, 1 found nothing adoption of another ; the extinction of about “ vain ambition," or any senti- old titles, the forfeiture of property, the ment which justified the use of this fa- dissolution of a powerful church estavourite phrase of our war faction! No blishment, the amelioration of the condiman, Mr. Cobbett, understands the French tion of the great mass of the people, who language better than yourself; behold then became independent; these are too then the original phrase of M. de Cau- formidable objects to be viewed with comLAINcourt's letter, “ Sa Majesté s'ho placency by those of this country, whom si,
nore sourtout de la de voir uniquement milar events might place in similar situa5 à l'amour du peuple Français, et elle tions. This is the dread, this causes the
ne forme plus qu'un désir, c'est de panic, and this, this only, is the reason why
payer tant d'affection, non plus par des you are to be engaged in a war, of which “ trophées d'une trop infructuese gran- no man can calculate the conclusiou or “ deur, mais par tous les avantages, d'un the consequences.-To make this war “ honorable repos, par tous les bienfaits palatable, to make it appear necessary for “ d'une heureuse tranquillité.” Here, your interest, the base hirelings of every every person who understands French, or description are using every species of dewho is competent to consult a French dic- ception and falsehood. Ooe hour we are tionary, will find that a moral sentiment, I told, that Bonaparte can never take the