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Frenchimen. The engagements which violence the numbers of our enemies. Soldiers, Napoleon had extorted from us are destroyed, by the fight raides our steps ; we fight for the independence of the Bourbons from our territories, by the ap- of our fine country: we are invincible. peal which they have made to foreigu armies to

The Marshal of Empire, replace them on the Throne which they have

Major-General the Duke of DALMATIA. abandoned, and liy the will of the nation, who,

Paris, June 1, 1815. whilst resuming thie free exercise of her rights, kas solemnly disavowed all that bad been done Withont her participation. Frenchmen will not receive laws from strangers; even those traitors who

THE CHAMP DE MAI. are gone to solicit amongst foreigners a parricidal Hear a powerful nation's voice assistance, will soon know and experience as well

One gen'ral sentiment proclaim, as their predecessors, that contempt and infamy That great Napoleon is their choice, follow their steps, and that they can only wipe

From whom they have deriv'd their fame. off the opprobrium with which they cover themselves, by re-entering our rauks.

But a new

Hear the gallic warriors swear, career of glory opens itself to the army; history

And all the people chorus join ; will consecrate the remembrance of the military

See how the gliti’ring sword and spear deeds which will illnstrate the defenders of the

Like glory round their Emp'ror shine. convtry, and the national honour. Our enemies With rapture hear them all declare are numerous, we are told; why shonld we care !

That, while by great NAPOLEON led, their defcat will be the more glorious. The No hostile pow'rs shall ever dare struggle on the eve of commencing, is neither

Again, on their free soil to tread. above the genius of Napoleon, nor above our strength.-. Do we not see all our departments

The Mountain Nymph, sweet LIBERTY, rivalling each other in enthusiasm and devotion,

Long banislı'd by the Bourbon race, form, as through the power of magic, five hundred Calls forth the Frunks, and they obey superb battalions of National Guards, who are

Her signals, and her footsteps trace. already come to double onr ranks, defend our for. Oh glorious Nation! how I sigh, tresses, and associate themselves to the glory of With my weak arm to lend you aid; the army? It is the impulse of a generous Much rather in your ranks I'd die people, which no Power can conqner, and which Than a vile Despot's tool be made. posterity will admire. To arms! The signal will

CAROLINE soon be given : let every one be at his post. Our

Epsom Church Yard, June 7th 1815. victorious phalanxes will derive fresh glory from

Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Communications addressed

to the Editor, are reqnested to be forwarded.

Vol. XXVII. No. 24.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JUNE 17, 1815. [Price 15.

737]

[738 TO LORD GRENVILLE,

leon, either in his constitution or his code,

began a new. He did little more than ar. On the Constitutions of England, Ame

range, classify, reduce to order, and proricu, and France.

vide for enforcing the laws, under what

ever name, passed by the different assemMY LORD-In the published report of blies; and this was the code, which the your speech of the 24th of last month, Bourbons promised to adhere to and supon the subject of the war against France, port. So that the constitution of France, we read the following passage : “ As to as it now stands, has been the work of 26 new constitutions, he (Lord G.) was firm- years, not only of study, but of experily of opinion, that a good constitution, ence.

It is very curious to hear so many “ could only be formed by the adoption persons abusing, or ridiculing, the French “ of remedies, from time to time, under constitution, and, in almost the same " the circumstances which required them. breath, saying, that it is no more than “ The only instance of exception men

what the people had under Louis XVIII. “ tioned was that of America; but, that This looks a little like insincerity. 6 did not apply. The founders of that

It is, howerer, the alledged resem“constitution acted with great wisdom. Blance between the English and American “ It was framed so as to produce as little governments which is the most interesting “change as possible in the existing lazos object of examination at present; though “ and manners under the altered form of it will, before I conclude, be necessary

government, which, though a Republic, to see a little what resemblance that of was constructed as nearly as the differ- France bears to each of the former governence would admit, on the MONARCH. ments. I take your Lordship to mean,

ICAL form of OUR OWN CONSTI. of course, that there is a very near resem" TUTION.”

blance between the English and American This passage, my Lord, owing, I dare governments as they really are in operasay, to the want of accuracy in the Re- tion. Not as they are to be found in porter, is not so clear, or so correct, as

books written about constitutions. What one might have.wished; but, its meaning Montesquieu and De L'homme and Blackevidently is, that constitutions of govern- stone and Paley and a long list of grave ment cannot be well formed all at once ; political romance writers have published that the American constitution of govern- upon the subject, we will leave wholly out ment beurs a very ncar resemblance to of the question. Your Lordship was talk. our own; and (taking in the context), that ing, and so will I talk, of things. AS the constitution of government now adopt. THEY ARE, and not as they ought to ing, or settling, in France, is a bad con-be; or as they are, from parrot-like habit, stitution, or system.

said to be. And, here, my Lord, I beg As to the first of these propositions : | leave, once for all, to state, that I am that a constitution cannot be well made offering no opinions of my own upon this all at once, it is of little consequence as subject. Your Lordship, according to to the object which I have in view; for, the published report, says, that there is a the French have been more than 25

years

near resemblance between the English and forming their constitution; and, however American goveruments. This fact I deny; mortifying it may be to some people, the but, that is all. I do not say that the laws of France, even while the Bourbons American government is better than ours; were on the throne, last year, were, for nor do I say, that it is worse.

I only the far grcater part, laws passed by the say, that it does not resemble ours. different National Assemblies, or, as some

Which is the best and which is the worst would call them, the jacobins. It is a

I leave to the decision of the reader, in very great mistake to suppose, that Napo. / whatever country he may live.

But, before I enter on my proofs of the even though that other were her sister, negative of this your Lordships proposi- nay, her daughter? If an individual tion, permit that I observe, for a moment, make a valuable discovery, so far is he on the desire, which is so often disco- from communicating it to the world, that vered in this country, to induce other na- he, if he can, obtains a patent for it, and tions to adopt governments like our own. thereby the right of punishing whoever atNo sooner do we hear of a change of go- tempts eren to imitate his wares. What, vernment in any couutry, than we begin then, can be the cause of our anxiety to urging the people of such country to adopt make other nations partakers in the blessa government like ours. The newspaper ings of our government? We take spepeople, the Walters and Perrys and the cial care to keep from them all we can in like are everlasting telling the French, the way of commerce. We have a law for that they ought to come as nearly as pos- the encouragement of our own niigution sible to our admirable mixed government to the discouragement of that of all other Those cunning Icons, the Edinburgh Re- countries. We have laws to prevent the car viežer's, chaunt the same litinies in every rying to other countries machines to facilisucceeding number. They despair of the tate the making of manufactures. We have French, because they reject our excellent laws to prohibit the carrying of the produce model of government; and they predict, of our colonies to other countries, until it that the American system cannot endure has been brought here. We have laws to long, because it has none of those bodies prevent the exportation of live sheep lest of Nobles, or large proprietors, who are other countries should get our breeds. We the best guardians of the peoples rights, have laws to punish artizans and manufacstanding as the latter do between the turers, who attempt to leave this country, people and the Prince! This was their and also to punish the masters of the talk, indeed, before your Lordship and vessels in which they are attempting to other great Noblemen joined the Minis- escape ; the avowed object of which laws is ters, in support of the war. What these to prevent other countries from arriving place-hunting critics will say now is a at our state of perfection in mannfactures great deal more than I am able to guess, and arts. How is it, then, my Lord, that Thus, too, it was that Burke ranted and we are so generous as to our political posan rared. The French, according to him, sessions? Gencrous, did I say? Nay, ought to have been half put to death, be- obtrusive and impertinent. We are not cause they despised the 66 admirable" only tendering them with both hands at mixed government of England. How he once; but, we really thirust them upon the ran on, what bombastical balderdash he world; and, if any nation be so rasopublished upon this subject, your Lord- lutely delicate as to refuse to receive them, ship kuows as well as l; and you, doubt. let that nation look to itself! less, remember, that, when answered by “ give me a penny?” said Dilworth's Paine, instead of attempting to reply, he Beggar to the Priest. "No." " Will pointed out the work of his antagonist to you, for the love of Christ, gire me a be replied to by the Attorney General!" halfpenny, then, to keep me from startNow, my Lord, what can be the real ing?No.”

“ Will you, then, gire cause of all this anxiety to get other me one farthing?" "No." nations to adopt our own sort of go

" then since I must die with hunger, give vernment? It is not the usual practice me your blessing, Reverend Father." of the world to be so eager to induce “ Kneel down, my dear son, and receive others to share in one's happiness. If a "No," said the Beggar, “ for if man, by any aceident, finds a parcel of it were worth but one single farthing money in a field, or a wood, does he run "you would not give it me; so you may away to bring his neighbours, or cren “ e'en keep your blessing to yourself." his cousins, or brothers, to enter into a But, we greatly surpass the Priest: for search with him? Did we ever hear while we withhold commerce, navigation, of a tradesman, who had a set of good manufactures, arts, artisans, manufaccustomers, eudcavour to introduce per- turers, breed of animals, &c. &c. we not sons of the same trade to them? Did only offer our blessing, but we abuse ever handsome woman try to make any those who reject it; and, there are those other woman look as handsome as bursel' amongst us who scruple not to say, thats,

6. Will you

66

“ Pray,

66 it."

the nation, which has the insolence to re-John Bull's may be the best government fuse to share in our political happiness, in the whole world; it may be very lau. ought to feel the force of our arms. To dable in him, very disinterested, very huwhat, then, shall I fairly ascribe this de- mane, extraordinarily generous, to urge sire to induce other nations to adopt our other nations to partake in his blessings. sort of government? It is notorious, that He may lament the blindness, or the obmen seek for companions in misery and stinacy, or the perverseness, of the nadisgrace. Never was there a bankrupt tions, who refuse to accept of his offer. who did not wish to make his appearance in But, why should he be angry with them? a copious Gazette. The coward looks bold Why should he be in a ruge with them? when he has fled amongst a crowd. The Why should he quarrel with them on that country girls, who anticipate the connu-account? bial tie, always observe, and very truly, We will now,

if

your Lordship pleases, that they are not the first and shall not be come to the resemblance between the Engthe last. It is said, that persons, infected lish and the American Governments. with the plague, feel a pleasure in com- They are both called governments, to be municating it to others. To ascribe to a sure; and sp are kites and pheasants motive like any of these, our desire to called birds; but, assuredly, though I extend our sort of government to other pretend not to say which is the best, or nations would be shocking indeed. Yet, which is the worst, they resemble each lest we should expose ourselves to the other no more than do these two descripimputation, I think it would be best for tions of the feathered race. To substanus to be silent upon the subject; or, at tiate this assertion, I shall take the mate. least, where nations decline to adopt our rial points, in the two cases, and state system, to refrain from expressing any them in opposite columns, that the conresentment against them on that account. trast may, at once, strike every eye.

of age.

ENGLISH GOVERNMENT.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. A KING, having the sovereign power The Chief Magistrate is a PRESIsettled on his family by hereditary de- DENT, freely elected by the People scent.-His heir may be an old man or every four years, and he must be 35 years woman, a boy or a girl. The King's Civil List amounts to more

The President receives a compensation than four millions of Dollars annually, or for his services, which cannot be augment1,000,000 of pounds sterling, besides the ed during his presidency; and this comallowances to the Royal Children, Queen. pensation is 25,000 dollars, or 6,000 &c. &c. amounting to nearly £ 100,000 pounds sterling.

more.

The King, without the consent of any The President, with the consent of the part of the Legislature, makes treaties, Senate, who are elected by the people, and even treaties of subsidy, agreeing to can make treaties, provided two thirds pay money to foreign powers. He ap- of the Senators concur.

With the aime points ambassadors, public ministers, con- consent he appoints ambassadors, public suls, judges, and all other officers whatever. ministers, consuls, judges, &c. The King can do no wrong. His per

The President may be impeached, and son is sacred and inviolable.

when he is tried in Senate the Chief Justice is to preside. He can only be dismissed and disqualified by the Senate; but, besides that he may be afterwards for the same offence, indicted, tried, judged, and punished, according to law, like any other

criminal. The King can declare war, and make The President cannot declare war. peace, without any body's consent. Nor can he and the Senate together do

this. It is done by the Congress; and

ENGLISH GOVERNMENT.

AMERICAN GOVERNMENT. is an Act, passed by the representatires

of the people. The King grants pensions to whom he The President can give no pension, por, chooses, under 6,000 dollars a year. He even with the consent of the Senate, make has more than 100,000 pounds a year any grant whatever of the public money, placed at his disposal for secret services, not even to the amount of a dollar. Every of which no particular account is ever ren- thing of this sort is done by the Congress, dered even to the parliament.

comprising the whole of the representa

tives of the people. The HOUSE OF PEERS hold their The SENATE consists of two Members seats by hereditary right; but the King from each of the States in the Union. may make new peers whenever he chooses. They are elected by the State LegislaThey may be old or young; present or tures, who have been elected by the people. absent; abroad or at home.

They serve for four years. The Constitution positively forbids the granting of any title of mobility. Every Senator is to be not under thirty years of age when elected, and is to be a resident in the

State for which he is elected. The HOUSE OF COMMONS con- The HOUSE OF REPRESENTAsists of County Members and City and TIVES consists of Members from the Borough Members. Be the county great several States, in number proportioned or small it sends 2 Members ; and, as to to the population of the States, accordthe cities and boroughs, London and West- ing to actual enumeration. They are electminster, which contain about 800,000 ed for two years. persons, send 6 Members, while Old Sa. rum, Gatton, and many other places, containing not a hundred persons each, send each 2 Members. The Members are elected for seven years.

The qualification for County Members The qualifications for members is mereL600 a year in land ; and L300 a year in ly that of having attained the age of 95 land for borough-members.

years, and having been 7 years a citizen

of the United States. The qualifications of votes are too vari

As to the qualification of coters, it is ous to be half described. In counties the simply that of having paid taxes, and frecholders only vote, and these do not being in a state to be called on for taxes. form a twentieth part of the payers of There are, in the different states, slight taxes. A house or a bit of freehold land differences in the regulations as to voting; worth 40 shillings a year gives a vote; but, generally, and substantially, the paz. while houses and lands to the amount of ing of taxes, small or great in amount, thousands a year, if retaining any of the gives a right to vote. Of course, as the feudal character, give no vote at all. But, President, Senate, and Representatives, the best account of this matter is to be are all chosen from this source, they are found in the Petition, presented to the all really the representatives of the peoHouse of Commons, and received by that ple. It is manifestly a gorernment carried Ilouse, on the 6th of May, 1793. In that on by the people, through their delpetition it is siated,

gates.

Members. 66 That 30 Peers nominato.. 66

influence .. 39

105

6 That 71 Peers nominate.. 88

influence .. 75

163

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