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to suggest, that it would be as wise in us to express; and yet we boast of the loyalnot to cry up our sort of goverument so ty of the whole nation, the love of the much. If it be better than that of France, people for their present glorious governvhy want them to have one like it? Moss ment, and the universal satisfaction which of my neighbours are well enough content prevails in all quarters. One would think if they are but able to get good cropt that forty-two millions of pounds sterling, themselves, without thinking much about borrowed on one day, was something of a those of other people. We are always damper to this “ general content.But calling the French our enemy, and repre- mind, reader, this nominal forty-two milsenting their power as so dangerous to lions is, in fact, a much larger sum, for Europe ; and, why should we, then, fret which the country will next year be called ourselves because they will not be happier on to provide. It arises thus :--the subthan they are ? It would certainly be sidies, which the generous Lord Castlewise to let them alone ; for, by evincing reagh has agceed we should pay to the such an everlasting anxiety about their Allied Kings, for the purpose of preserv. form of government, I am afraid that we ing“ social order," and the “ legitishall give rise to a suspicion, that it is mate rights of princes," are to be sent, at their form of goverument, and not the our expence, to their respective head ambition of their Chief, that we dread, quarters, and to be there paid in hard and against which we are about to make cash, good sterling guineas ; not the pa

per money, which alone is to be seen in I am, &c. &c. W. COBBETT. this country, but good gold coin.—Now,

in order to obtain this, the goveroment THE NEW Era.

agents are at work, in all directions, to Ilis Royal Highness the Prince Regent buy up whatever coin they can meet with called the commencement of his reign a

The Market Price is, this day, Thursday New Era. I think I may apply that term the 15th of June, one pound eleven shilto the present crisis. The Emperor Na- lings and eight pence, in paper, for one poleon, it is said, has taken the field; he pound one shilling in coin. Therefore, has placed himself at the head of all those for every hundred pounds in coin, which “perjured villains,” who so “ basely de- we deliver to our glorious disinterested serted” the Royal Bourbons for that "Allies, we pay the sum of one hundred “ vile monster," their present chief. Ile and fifty eight pounds six shillings and has left the good city of Paris to protect eight pence in paper. Judge, then, itself, and has withdrawn the whole of reader, what is the real amount of the the regular force, leaving the volunteers, subsidies we grant to the Potentates of or the national guard, as the I'rench call Europe, for fighting in defence of the them, to defend the metropolis of the em- rights of the privileged race : This is no pire; that very metropolis which the hire-joke : it is real serious earnest. But we ling press of this country declared Napo- have only began : our subsidies are not Jeon was afraid to enter in the day time, half granted yet. The King of Denmark and which was defended against the Royal says, that his troops cannot march one legitimate Monarch, by the “ perjured yard, until he receives a subsidy. The " horde who had uvited their crimes to Crown Prince of Sweden says, that he those of the Usurper." I do not think must have an equivalent in money for the our Ministers would choose to leave the cession of Guadaloupe to the Bourbons. good city of London to defend itself. I And, be it remembered, that the Bourbon remember when that most obnoxious mea- soldiers, sent to take possession of that sure the Corn Bill was in progress through island, immediately on their landing prothe Legislature, that it was the boast of duced each mau the national tri-coloured the ministerial papers, how many thou- cockade out of his knapsack, and declared sands and tens of thousands of troops, of for Napoleon, while it was supposed that all sorts, were quartered in the immediate he was still burried in his exile at neighbourhood of our metropolis, to de- Elba. Thus we paid to the Crown fend it against itself. The Times recorded Prince of Sweden a large sum for transthe names of the regiments, with a sort of ferring the Island of Guadaloupe to savage joy, as if it calculated on some- the Emperor Napoleon, to annihilate thing which it had not ferocity sufficient I whom we are now going to pay all Eus



rope, and even this very same Crown pence, have been both killed, all their Prince of Sweden amongst the rest. Fer- stores and arms (which loaded two frigates divand the Fourth of the Two Sicilies, has and three sloops of war) taken, and their been kept by us so long that it is an old whole rebel party dispersed in all direcstory to talk of him. But now he will be tions!—The subsidies being duly received, rather more expensive, for we shall have and the preparations being made, it is now to keep up a large British Army to sup. said that the march to Paris will take port him in possession, besides paying his place immediately.- To be sure, it is alown army, and giving him a good round lowed that there are upwards of 600,000 sum to set up royalty, as we gave our own “ Perjured Villians” on the frontiers, Prince Regent at the commencement of with the “Hellish Monster” at their his new ara.” By the by, this sum, head. But what can such a Legion of (L100,000) it appears by some very im- Devils do against the Holy Louis, surpertinent questions lately asked in Par-rounded as he is by Priests ; with the liament, was not applied for the purpose good Cause of Legitimate Right on his for which it was granted; and his Royal side ; all the population of France ready Highness has again had occasion to apply to rise and tear the “ Perjured Villains” to his faithful Commons for assistance, to pieces, and with 1,011,000 men to by whom no doubt it will be most cheer


him. What can the “ Infamous fully relieved. Besides Ferdinand the Usurper" do against such a mighty army Fourth, we have the other Ferdinand the as this. Ile must of course be put down Seventh, of the same Royal stock. Ilis immediately, and the Royal Louis will be army too, it seems cannot march till we received with a delirium of joy by all his find money. Indeed it is shrewdly sus. Liege Subjects. In order to ensure sucpected, that a sum of £800,000 was ad- cess, the Times declares “ from a source vanced by us to that beloved monarch, to “ of undoubted Authority,” that the Emenable him to fit out his late Cadiz expe- peror of Austria is about to bestow one of dition to South America ; and, as usual, a his Daughters, the sister of the “ unfortusort of fatality attends all that we interfere nate Maria Louisa, on the Duke de Berri, with. The Times, states “ that by the ship nephew of the “ Desired” Louis. Ong “ Sarah Jane, arrived in 92 days, from would have thought that the Times would “ Buenos Ayres, we learn that the revolu- have been rather-cautious of adducing “ tionists liave got possession of almost the this as a proof of fidelity. If so, how " whole of Spanish America; that General does it happen that Napoleon is deserted. 66 Orr has 40,000 troops well armed and And if the Emperor Francis can desert "equipped ; that Admiral Brown has 8 one of his Sons in Law, what proof is there 66 sail of large frigates ; and that the ut. that he will not desert another A short 6 most anxiety prevailed for the arrival of time will now shew us the result of all “the expedition from old Spain, which, this. If it should happen that Napoleon " as it would of course fall immediately should succeed in defending his kingdom “ into the hands of the revolutionists, against the prodigious force assembled to 56 would afford them an ample supply of destroy him, the effects will be incalcula56 military stores of all sorts. The British ble! Our glorious Ministers have raised 6 had embarked their property,” &c. &c. the genius of the storm. is impossible But the most extraordinary passage in this to tell how he is to be appeased. Peace piece of information is, that “the King and tranquility were in their reach ; they “ Ferdinand has expressed the utmost in prefered war with all its horrors. But the

dignation against the province of Vene- leisure of peace would have brought about zuela, for having afforded such facili- reform, and that would not suit the pre

ties to English commerce !” Here is sent system. War and its enormous exRoyal gratitude with a vengence. So penditure, is better suited to the way of we advance Ferdinand, the beloved, I thinking of the Prince Regent's Ministers. L800,000 to enable him to punish those But it is a very fearful experiment, and of our friends in America, who are may end fatally. If Napoleon can but disposed to receive our merchandize ! resist the first onset; if he can only " hold The newspapers of to-day state, that the his own,” as the phrase is, he will stagger two Chiefs of La Vendee, who have been the Allies. But if he should gain any, equipped by England at an enormous ex. even the smallest advantage; if he should


be able to recover the late territory of ling his remonstrances ineffectual, he France, to the Rhine, and re-occupy Bel- pulled a pistol from his pocket and shot gium, the mighty confederacy of Legit himself. The volunteers would not suftimate Monarchs will at once dissolve, fer his body to be buried at Verdun, of fall to pieces, and, each one shifting for which the Prussians were about to take himself, the Emperor Napoleon, recover possession, but carried it to St. Menehoud. ing his former preponderance, will put an The National Assembly decreed him the end in a short time to the whole Grand honours of the pantheon, and ordered the Alliance, and “ leave not a wreck be- following inscription to be engraved on hind!”

his tomb: He chose to put himself to

death, rather than capitulate with tyMr. CODBETT.—The analogy which rants !you have so clearly shewnto exist between А

young man who had joined the the present political state of France, and army of the North, met with some disapas she was in 1793, and the obvious re- pointments, which induced him to quit the semblance at the two periods, of the de- service without leave of absence. Upon his signs of her threatened invaders, are not return home, the people flocked about his more striking than the enthusiasm which aged parent, to sympathise with him in the now animates, as it then animated, the grief which he was supposed to feel for bosom of every Frenchman. All the having given birth to a son who had basely world has heard of the wonderful effects deserted the standard of liberty. His which this spirit produced. History will father refused to see him, although he was tell it to posterity, that it effected the an only son, and had been the pride of his discomfiture of the enemies of France, old age. The children poiuted at him in who had dared to invade her territory, the streets, and his former companions and secured to her the unalievable right avoided his company. Ilis father at length of choosing her own form of government disinherited him; and divided his proWe live at a period not far distant from perty amongst the defenders of his country, those great events, which ought to give set out for the army to supply his place. us correct ideas respecting then. But as This veteran made the campaign of Flanwe are apt to lose the recollection of par- ders, and displayed the greatest heroism ticular acts of heroism, it may be useful, in a variety of engagements !" at this important and interesting moment, “ It is impossible to conceive the hard. to bring a few of them under review. If ships to which the French were exposed ; they should f il in opening the eyes of so. to use the language of Custine, vereigns, or their ministers, to the folly were without coats, without blankets, of waging war against opinions, they may without shoes, and without breeches. In have the effect, at least, of reviving our the name of humanity,” says he, in a letter feelings of admiration and respect for a to the minister of war, “ Í conjure you to people who so patriotically combated for relieve them from their present painfo! liberty; they may encourage us to hope state. It freezes very hard, and they have that, although tyrants may unite to sub- been seven nights under arms.” Notwith, jugate nations, and although the struggle standing this lamentable situation, not a may be long, reason and truth will ulti. murmur was to be heard. The army was mately triumph.

composed of volunteers of all ranks and When the Duke of Brupswick ad. all ages. Male and female were equally ranced from Longway to Verdun, after proud to suffer in defence of liberty. issuing his famous proclamation, he ex. Among the prisoners taken by the Pruspected that the soldiers of the latter place sians at Ilockheim, was a French oflicer, would surrender on his summons. "The who was next day delivered of a fine boy!” garrison answered that they were ready 66 The heroism of one of the national to die at their posts. The enemy, how- guards deserves particular notice :-early erer, appearing in great force, the magis in the engagement he lost one of his limbs, trates determined to capitulaté. Beaure- yet he refused to quit his post; and when paire, the commandant, hastened from told by the surgeon, on dressing his wound, the ramparts, where he had been encou- that he would be maintained by the nation, raging the soldiers, and endeavoured to he seemed insensible of his sufferings, and persuade them to defend the town. Find- | replied, with a firm tone of voice, “ I have


still another arm to serve my country, In 1792,

ce had ten kings coaand am perfectly contented, provided lesced against ; intestine divisions, and France obtains her liberty.”

civil war lacerate:] her bosom ; her Ge66 On an alarm that the rebels of the nerals were traitors--her troops disorVendée were about to make an attack qanized. In 1815, the league is equally upon St. Malo, and that an English fleet formadable, and it may be admitter, to a was expected in Concale bay, to second certain extent, that France is disturbed their efforts, twelve battalions were raised by the royalists; but no political faction in haste from the sections of Paris, and exists sufficiently powerful to disturb the dispatched to the menaced spot. The in- government; the treason of his Generals habitants of the communes in Normandy by which the Emperor was exiled, is descontiguous to the rebels, rose in a mass; troyed; and, the army, animated with the and that step, together with the gallant recollection of its former victories, and behaviour of the people of Granville, re-burning with ardour to wipe oti the stain pelled the assailants, without the assist imprinted by the recent occupation of ance of those new levies. There were in Paris, is much more formidable, and in them a number of young men, who had a higher state of discipline than it was at led idle, dissipated lives; and being in any former period. If France in 1792, sensible to the claims their country had gave such signal proofs of patriotism, and, on them in danger, refused to march; and under so many disadvantages, successfully two battalions, one of the section of the resisted all attempts to debase her, why Thuilleries, the other of the champs Ely- may she not in 1815, influenced as she is sees, broke out in open rebellion, singing, by the principles of liberty, and so fortu0, Richarı, 0, mon roi. When intelli- nately situated as to her means of attack gence was broaght to the fathers of families and defence, be able to bring the present in those sections, of the disgraceful con- contest to the same glorious result? duct of their children, they ran to the bar Yours, &c.

ARISTIDES. of the convention, desiring a strict examination might be made into it; and if found to be such as was reported, they swore to OPENING OF THE LEGISLATIVE SEssioy. go themselves, and expiate the crimes of

CHAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES. their guilty offspring, by shedding their own blood, and resigning the offenders up Sitting of June 5.—At this sitting, to the vengeance of the law, and their in- nothing very interesting took place. Ou sulted country.”

the 6th, the discussions were particularly The writer to whom I am indebted for animated. the above instarces of heroisin, remarks: M. Dupin.--I have a proposal relative to “ What is worthy of observation on this the form of oath. The French people occasion is, the French, when expiring have roted the acceptance of the additional from loss of blood, consoled one another act-let us obey that act which does not with the happy prospects the revolution prejudice your right of ameliorating it in held out to posterity, and expressed a sa- thforms and under the conditions that tisfaction in losing their lives in so glori- shall be prescribed. There is another ous a cause. Such of the wounded French reflection of a nature to assure the wellas were taken proper care of, recovered disposed, and to do way before land all in a very short time, whilst the wounds malignant interpretations. There is no of the Austrians, under similar circum- / question about the substance of the oathstances, were always difficult to be cured, no dificulty-obedience to the Consti. and often proved fatal. The state of the tution of the Empire, fidelity to the Chief mind had the greatest influence upon the -intimate and indissolable union of the body; the Austrians were goaded on to people with the Government—but in the fight in a cause which they did not ap- proper and well understood interest of prore; the French, on the other hand, the Government itself, let us recognise were enthusiasts for liberty. The former that the oath to be good, biuding, and in wept at the remembrance of their homes a word constitutional, ought to be taken, and families; the latter were proud to not in virtue of a decree, which should suffer in the cause of humanity, and en- coutain nothing but the unalterable will of joyed happiness even in death.

the nation constitutioually expressed.

M. DE GUEVELThe last speaker is, them from their Chief, it is our duty to mistaken in point of falate 'The form of declare that the army is the nation; that the oath introduced in the decree of the the brave men composing that army are 3d of June, is literally conformable with but our advanced guard; that we think as the dispositions of the Senatus Consulte of they do. Pardon, colleagues, the warmth the 24th Floreal, year ll. The article that animates my words ; can one feel prescribes the following form,-“I swear strongly without speaking strongly? I see obedience to the Constitutions of the Em- the danger near-I see it as it is. It pire, and idelity to the Emperor.” The should be known we are all devoted to proposed reservation would be unconsti- our Sovereign, and in an honourable man. tutional. The additional act has been ner I demand the Order of the Day. accepted by the French people; it is

is General SCEASTIAN.- Le oppose the sanctioned by the Assembly at the Chump Order of the day. The question is too de Mui: let us prove to the nation that we important to be got rid of go lightly. are disposed to support that act with all It deserves, on the contrary, a solemn our efforts. I demand the order of the decision, after a mature examination. day.--(Numerous aplauses.)

When Europe, still uncertain, with her M. Roy (of Paris)—66 I vote like- eyes upon us, is ready to divide itself, wise for the order of the day; but I must shall we call in question the legality of frankly confess that if the question was to this oath? We have an army, which is discuss the form of the oath, I would not an army of Cossacks; it will preserve rather that there should be added to it a both our liberty and independence ; I at. promise of fidelity to the nation, for the test its honour and its courage. I move first duty of the Representatives of the that the deliberation of the Chamber be in nation is obedience to their orders. On favour of the oath; I do not hesitate to the other hand, this legislative power take it individually. is not now constituted as it was in the year M. DUMOLARD—I renounce my demand 12; I see no analogy--the Senate, the for the Order of the Day, and adhere to Tribunate, the Legislative Body, no the General's proposal. longer exists.-(Violent murmers.)

M. BOULAY DE LA MEURTHE- With M. DUMOLARD-called out loudly to be respect to the oath of fidelity to the Emheard:

peror, certainly I take it most willingly, M. Benoc was for the order of the day, and I think in doing it I do an act emiobserving, that nothing could hinder the nently French-for the Emperor is in my two Chambers from employing themselves, eyes the first Representative of the nation, in more tranquil times, in ameliorating the the legitimate and established head of the Constitution.

State, the first tie of the Union. Hence, M. DUMOLARD-God forbid that in the when I swear to be faithful to him, I think National Tribune I should suppose any I swear to be so to the nation itself. We thing contrary to the rights and interests must here speak freely, and tell the truth. of the nation. The nation is above every There exist in France two parties--one thing with me. The Emperor exists for which is national comprises the great mass aid by the nation. If it were neces of the people, stipulates for her independsary to choose between one and the other, ence, honour, and real interest-the other my choice is not doubtful. In the pre- may be called the faction of the foreigner sent circumstances the nation must be -Yes, Gentlemen, there exist Frenchsaved with and through the Emperor men vile enough to call in the English, (great enthusiasm in the assembly). Let Russians, Prussians, &c. The Bourbons us recollect that the enemy is on the fron- are the heads of that faction; it is they, tiers, let us recollect the intrigues of Eng- who, by help of foreign bayonets, would land--the first duty of France is to re- | again impose upon us an humiliating yoke. pulse the enemy ( Applause). We wish We must speak out-speak out unanito march only with our invincible armies mously, for without doubt, and I am far -We do not wish to isolate ourselves from suspecting, the foreigner has no refrom them. When the insidions procla- presentatives here. For myself I consult mations of Louis XVIII. attack the ho. only my conscience, and my duty; and nour of the soldiers, and depict them as to-morrow, in the presence of the Emsebels--when it is attempted to separate peror and the two Chambers, that is, in

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