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no-such thing. They set a price upon his should have been chosen for a wood! A head, dead or alive; they pursued his ad- wood is shelter for day-time. Torches in herents with tlie utmost rigour; and I re- a wood, or artificial lights of some kind, member hearing my father say, once when are vecessary, not to make an act secret, he returned liome from London, that he but to expose it as much as possible. But had seen some of their lieads still sticking this, like all the other parts of the story, upon Temple-Bar. I believe, my Lord, has been invented for the purpose of girthat these heads remained there for dearly ing tragical effect to the thing; to make forty years. A pretty good spell to give an impression of horror upon mens' minds; the loyal subjects of the Stuaris a caution to excite at once, their hatred and their against acting upon the principle of divine dread of Napoleon; to fill them with that right, and iv " contempi," as your saucy sort of feeling which is made up of resentcountryman, the pensioned Burke, called ment and of fear; and, thus to make them it, “ of the will of the nation."
dead to the dictates of reason a'nd of jusI should be glad to hear what some tice. Napolequ could have no interest in great casuist in the rights and duties of putting to death this Prince of the house princes arid of people, liad to say, why the of Bourbon ; except that interest, which French nation should not have a right to he had in common with all French men. act towards the Bourbons and their adlie. He has lately had the whole family in his rents in the same way, that the English power. No man of sense will deny, that, nation acted towards the Stuarts and their if he had been so minded, he might have adherents. Witk those, who are ready detained, and brought to execution every to contend, and tllat, too, seriously, that man of that family. At any rate, he had the English nation is not to be put upou a tho Duke d’Angouleme a prisoner ; taken level with any otlier nation; that we area in arms against his authority, in the intesort of chosen people, who are not to be rior of France. Ile suffers him to depart. bound by those rules by which we hare a Not a drop of their blood does he shed. right to bind ottier nations; that we may And yet, this is the nan whom our writers with great propriety call in foreiguers to call a tyger, a hyena, and every other be our Kings, as we did thie Prince of name descriptive of bloody mindedness.
Orange, once, who had not the smallest It is clear, then, that in this case, Napretension to a drop of the hlood of the poleon was no mure guilty of murder, in
Frenchman, who conquered our country consequence of the execution of the Duke some hundreds of years before; that we of Enghien, than our king was guilty of may employ as many fórvign troops as we murder, in consequence of the executioit please, at home or abroad; in short, that, of O'Coguey, who suffered death upon while we have a right to criticize the con- the charge of carrying on correspondence duct of all other óations, and even to pu- with the king's enemies. It is very easy nish them for any thing that we may deem to talk about myrder; but, if all the blood to be offences, political or moral, we our- which has been shed, in consequence of selves can do no torony, our character sentences of treason, during the present being, like the person of our King, sacred reigli, were laid upon the head of George and inviolable. With those who insist the Third, what a figure lie would make upon this doctrine, I shall not attempt to in history. But, as we are not so onjust argue; did all I have to ask of your Lorde as to impute this blood to him, neither ship is, if the execution of the Duke of ought we to impute the blood of those Enghien wás a murder, what was the ex. who have beco executed for treason in ecution of the Scolch Lords, and what France, to the government of France. were the killings of Glenco, in the year But, in the case of the Duke of Eng1745?
hien, it is said that he was not in tre It has frequently been assetfed, that the French territory when he committed the Duke of Enghien was shot by torch-light, treason. And, were your poor unfortuin the wood of l'incennes. It does not nate countrymen, who were executed, a seem very likely that theexecution should few years ago, for treason committed in hare taken place by night. There ap- the Isle of France; were they in the Engpears to have been no reason for it what- lish territory or in the Irish territory', ever; and besides, if the object was a se- when they committed that treason? No: crct exccution, it is very strange that night and your Lordship knots very well, that treason may be committed abroad, as well | Baden, there certainly was a violation as at home. Therefore, there is nothing of neutral rights, which I am, my Lord, here that makes against the measure not at all disposed to justify, but which I adopted against the Duke of Enghien. will not speak of in very violent language,
There is one remaining point, connected lest my words should be quoted aod apwith the death of the Duke of Enghien. plied to the seizure of Napper Tandy at The foul-mouthed man who writes in the Flamburgh ; to the forcing of the Grand Times newspaper, always is representing Duke of Tuscany and the Republic of Napoleon, as having gone by night, like Genoa into our war of 1793; to the an assassin, into the territory of the Elec- seizure of the Danish fleet, because the tor of Baden, to seize this same Royal. Danes refused to declare war against Duke, and to bring him away into France France; to the late affairs of Valpuraiso to murder him. At any rate, a great out- and Fayal; to the forcible passage, by cry is made by all the haters of the French the Allies, through the Swiss territory about the violation of neutral territory. last year; or, to many other cases, which The truth, my Lord, is this:-after the I have not now time to particularize. Thé trial of Pichegru and his brother conspi- truth is, that the rights of neutrality are rators; after the discovery of the corres- good for nothing, except to strong powers, pondence between Mr. Drake, our enroy as experience, during the last five and at Munich, and persons in France; after twenty years, has amply proved. In the the developement of the whole of the year 1793, the Americans were sending grand scheme which was then carrying on great quantities of flour to France, where against the existence of the French go- the people were supposed to be in davger vernment, and the life of the First Con- of being starved. What did we do in that sul, the French government made a requi- case? We seized on the neutral ships of sition to the Elector of Baden, for the America, bound to France with food; purpose of arresting the Duke of Enghien. brought those ships into Eugland, and This requisition, which was dated at compelled the owners of the cargoes to sell Paris on the 10th of March, 1804, stated them to us. After this, we would not s that the First Consul, from the suc- expect to find people impudent enough to “ cessive arrests of the banditti which assert, that we canpot live at peace with - the English goveroment has sent to Napoleon, because he has been guilty of a " France, and from the result of the violation of the laws of neutrality. But, "trials which have been here instituted, what would astonish any body, not aen * has obtained a complete knowledge of customed to the perusal of the columns of “ the extensive part which the English these impudent and corrupt writers, is
agents at Offenburg have had in those this : that, at the very moment they are " horrible plots, which have been devised insisting, that no peace can be kept with
against his own person, and against the Napoleon, because he violated the terri.
safety of France." The requisition then tory of the Elector of Baden, they are also proceeds to state, that the First Consul insisting, that the cantons of Switzerland had learned that the Duke of Enghien ought to be compelled to join the coalition was in the territory of Baden, and that, against France, and, that, in this war, no looking upon him to be amongst the most neutrals ought to be allowed to exist. 'To determined enemies of France, the First argue with such men is out of the ques, Consul had found it necessary to send tion; but it can hardly fail to be useful some troops into the Baden territory, to to expose, as far as one is able, their in. seize these, the authors of a crime, the sincerity and their baseness. nature of which put them out of the pro- I have only to add, upon the subject of tection of the law of nations. The requi- the Duke of Enghien, that the documents sition concluded by saying, that General to which I have referred, will be found, Caulaincourt was charged with the execu- in the fifth Volume of the Register, at tion of it. The seizure of the Duke did pages 496, 497, 498, 499, 606. not take place till after this notification ; As to Captain Wright, I shall speak, so that the thing was not done so sudden- as in the former case, of the official docily, and so by stealth, as we are told it ments, which have been published with
But still, as no permission appears regard to him; and shall offer no opinion to have been given by the Elector ofl of my own, much less shall I attempt to
make any assertion. Captain Wright was “ directing this department were, of made prisoner, along with his crew, upon course, not ignorant of the kind of serthe French coast, in a sloop of war, by“ vice to which he was destined. The some French gun-boats. Ile was carried " shame attached to the premeditation to Paris, as we complained, and which was “ of a project as atrocious and vile, as the fact, there subjected to close impri- • it was cowardly, remains entirely with sonment in the Temple “and obliged to “ the men who devised the plot, and “undergo repeated interrogatories, before " with him who undertook to accomplish “ a court of justice, when more of the their views. I am ordered, Şir, to de“ facts alledged against bim, would, if " clare to your Excellency, thật his true, authorize the French
government Majesty, the Emperor, will never sufto consider Captain Wright in any other “fer Mr. Wright to be EXCHANGED.
light than as a prisoner of war.” This “NO FRENCHMAN BELONGING, was our statement with regard to Captain “ WITH WHATEVER RANK IT Wright.
“ MAY, TO THE IMPERIAL NAVY, This complaint the French government "CAN EVER CONSENT TO BE did not listen to. At last, our ministry
PLACED IN A BALANCE WITH applied to the Spanish Ambassador in " THAT PERSOX, IN A CARTEL OF London, to apply to the Spanish Ambas. -- EXCHANGE. But, Sir, the Emperor, sador at Paris, to procure, if possible, from “ having at heart to do every thing which the French government, the release of “ depends upon his Imperial Majesty, to Captain Wright. The Spanish Ambassa- “ mitigate the scourges of war, and willdors did, at last, prevail; and the consent “ing to prove, that in his breast such a of the French government was obtained ; disposition preponderates oyer even but, let us hear the language in which this " motives of useful and just severity, has consent is expressed, in a letter from the authorised me to declare, that his ImFrench Minister to M. Gravina, the “perial Majesty will give orders, that Spanish Ambassador at Paris, dated Paris, " Mr. Wright be placed at the disposal 27th August, 1804, in the following of the English Government. May I words :-" I have laid before his Majes- “ beg yon, therefore, to make known to
ty, the Emperor, the letter which you “ Lord Ilarrowby, this generous determi( have done me the honour of communi- 66 nation of his Majesty. You will see in 56 cating to me. By his order, I must re- “it, Sir, the marked intention of doing “ capitulate to your excellency some facts, what may be personally agreeable to 56 which relate to the object of that letter. " yourself, and his Britannic Majesty's “ Mr. Wright was taken by our cruis- new ministry will be constrained to reSo ers, at the very moment he was land- cognise in it, a proof of the disposition, os ing Jean Marie and two other of his so often manifested, on the part of his “accomplices, on the coast of Britan- “ Imperial Majesty, to shew himself above “ny. Prior to this, he had already land not only those sentiments which offences 66 ed at three times bandilli of a simi- 6 in general excite, but even above those * lar description, who have since been " which might spring from the attempts,
brought to judgment, convicted, and of which his own person has been the “punished, for having conspired against“ object."
the state, and attempted the life of the Now, my Lord, it was never denied by 56 First Consul. These species of acts, the English ministry, that Captain Wright “ under whatever point of view they may had done those acts which the French
otherwise be contemplated, cortainly do imputed to him. Indeed, they seemed so not appertain to WAR. There is no pretty clearly to conless, that he had done
age, or any nation, in which they them; and, in answer to the letter of the “ would not be rogarded as crimes, and Spanish Ambassador, conveying this letter one may, with truth,
aver, that it was in of the French Government, Lord Harrow“ pagranti delicto, that Mr. Wright was by expressly declines making any remark 6 cuptured by French muriners, then offi. on the French statement. 66 ciating as an armed force. According This, then, was the charge against Cap“ to accounts, to which full credit must tain Wright; that he suffered himself to “ be given, this ollicer had been demanded be employed in landing in France, “ ban“ from the English Admiralty. The Lords dilli," who were afterwards convicted of
a design to assassinate the Chief Magis- / ward any proof of this murder. Nobody, trate of France. This was the charge amongst all the hireling writers, was found against him, and this charge was never de to publish any of the proofs of an act, nied, as to the act, though the description which must have been known to some one, of the persons, so landed, was stoutly at least, besides Napoleon. In short, it denied by the Anti-jacobius, who insisted, is a base and infamous calumny, wich, if that Georges and Pichegru and Jean we were to make peace with Napoleon, Marie and the rest of that memorable set, the Times newspaper would be liable to includiug Moreau, were very honest and be prosecuted for repeating. worthy gentlemen, and that their names If I am asked to account for the death ought to be held in reverance; and, in- of Mr. Wright, in the Temple, i say I deed, we have seen, that the pious Louis am not bound to do it. We know, howLE DESire, while he was on the throne, ever, that persons, in such situations, ENNOBLED the family of Georges! frequently do put an end to their existThose who thought thus of the plot of ence; and it must be confessed, that Capt. Georges and his associates, would, of Wright's was a situation, not only of course, think, that Captain Wright acted great peril, but, which is more, perhaps, 2 very meritorious part in being so zealous in such a case, of almost insupportable in landing in France persons having such mortificalion. He is represented as a laudable designs.
But those who recol. most enthusiastic Royalist. He had seen lected, that poisoners, assassins, and all his efforts defeated; many of his friends forgers are not looked upon, by the wri- brought to an ignominious death. He was ters on public law, as entitled to be con- himself uncertain as to his fate. lle had sidered as prisoners of war, might be apt been captured by a parcel of gun-bouts. to think with the writer of the French And, if he was informed of the conditions, letter to the Spanish Minister; and, this or, rather, the manner of his release, as writer, be it observed, was no other than described in Mr. TALLEYRAND's Note, he Mr. Talleyrand himself, whom your would feel little pleasure in being known Lordship knows to be not only a very to all Europe, to have been put at the dissensible, but a very worthy man.
posal of his government, without exchange, But, the death of Capt. Wright? The upon the ground, that the Emperor would Emperor had given permission for his being not suffer any Frenchman to be exchanged placed at the disposal of the English Go- against such a person. vernment. But, between that and the But are there no ways but those of astime for his rejase, he was said to have sassination and suicide, by which men killed himself in prison.
lle certainly come to the end of their lives ? Are there found his death there. That was enough. no fils or fevers in French jails, as well There needed no more to authorise our as in English jails ? And, why was this writers to impute his death to Napoleon. Captain not to die as well as his neighAnd, hy degrees, he has been, and is now,
bours ? Are the English Ministers, or familiary called, * the murderer of Capt. the Royal family, to be charged with all Wright.” There never has been any the deaths, or, even all the sudden deaths, proof of this attempted to be produced. It in our prisons of war? Are they to be is a sheer falsehood on the part of the as
called murderers because prisoners of war sertors, because they possess no proof at all have died in such great numbers ? What of the fact. One might leave it so; and insist absurdity! What impudent, or what on their being impudent calumniators; but, foolish, men are those, who prefer this let us ask, what motive could induce Napo- charge against Napoleon! But, as I be. Jeon to ordersuch a murder to be committed: fore observed, the object of these men is He had pardoned the man, and had taken to mislead, to delude, to inflame the peocredit for the act. He had, at the time of ple; to commit them in the bloody war, Wright's death, put down all the conspi- which has just begun, and thus to further rators and all the conspiracies ; and, he their own base views. To defeat, or, at had been chosen Emperor by the people least, to endeavour to defeat, this wicked of France. Besides (and this I beg you object is the duty of every man, who has to attend to), DURING IIIS YEAR OF the opportunity; and this duty, as I hope EXILE, nobody was found to bring for your Lordship will agree, Mr. Hunt, 26
the Westminster Mecting, discharged in a ever, be charged with partiality, I shall most manly and able manner; in a man- here insert the official details, which havo her worthy of the public-spirited and en- been published respecting the first battle, lightened citizens, to whom his speech or rather series of battles, that have been was addressed. I am, &c. &c. fought for the purpose of determining,
Wm. COBBETT. whether France is, or is not, to be perBotley, June 2181, 1815,
mitted to exercise the right of choosing her own government? When the phrenzy,
which has seized the public mind, has No. I.
somewhat subsided, and we are in pos.
session of the French oflicial accounts of HISTORICAL Notices of THE WAR of the opening of the campaign, without ENGLAND, Austria, Russia, Prussia, which correct ideas cannot be formed, it DENMARK, SWEDEN, HOLLAND, Sar
then be useful to make some remarks DINIA, THE Pope, Naples, Sicily, Spaix, PORTUGAL, BAYARIA, WUR- with the London Gazette Extraordinary,
on these interesting events. I shall begin TEMBERG, &c. &c.; WITH AN ARMY containing the particulars of what the OF ONE Million AND Eleven Tuou- Courier calls, the “ Complete Defeat of SAND REGULAR. Soldiers, AGAINST NAPOLEON AND FRANCE.
DOWNING STREET, JUNE 22.- Major the The mighty contest has begun. The Hon. H, Percy arrived last night with a dispatch new crusade against France and against froin Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington, liberty has commenced. The Times
K. G. to Earl Bathurst, liis Majesty's Principal newspaper says, that the campaign has Secretary of State for the War Department, of opened with 66
a great and glorious vice which the following is a copy: « tory; that Bonaparte's reputation has “ been wrecked, and his last grand stake
Waterloo, June 19. « has been lost in this tremendous con
MY LORD--Bonaparte having collected the flict; the fabric of rebellion is shaken 1st, 21, 3.1, 11, and 611 corps of the French “ to its base.” The Morning Chronicle, army, and the Imperial Guards, and nearly all that pink of hypocrisy, tells us, that it has the cavalry on the Sambre, and between that brilliant and complete victory,
river and the Meise, between the 10th and 14th s which will for ever exalt the glory of of the month, advanced on the 15th, and attacked
the British name; that it is the grandest the Prussian posts of Timiu and Lobei, on the and most important victory ever ob- Sambre, at day-light in the morning. I did not
tained.” The Courier, in the height of I hear of these events till the evening of the 13th, its frenzy, declares, that there could not and I immediately ordered the troops to prepare have been
a greater victory in point of to march ; and afterwards to march to their left, glory, more vital to the real interests as soon as I had intelligence from other quarters " and safety of Europe, big with more im- to prove that the enemy's movement upon Charle.
portant political consequences.”-Ofroy was tlie real attack. The enemy drove the course, as this same Courier says, the | Prussian posts from the Sambre on that day;
city is a 'scene of complete confusion; and General Zeiten, who comma:adect the corps 5 business is entirely neglected; the im-, which had been at Charleroy, retired upon 5 mortal Wellington is the universal | Fleures ; and Marshal Bincher concentrated the
the streets and Exchange are Prussian army upon Sombref, holding the vil. crowded to excess--all anxious to hear lages in front of his position of St. Anand and “ the details of the glorious victory ob- Ligny. The enemy continued his march along tained by our noble countrymen.”
."-l the road from Charlerny towards Bruxelles, amt While this delirium continues at its height, on the same evening, the 15ti, attacked a brigade it would be useless in me to attempt to of the army of the Netherlands, nnder the Prince bring the public back to reason, I might de Weimar, posted at Frasne, and forced it back as well think of reaching conviction to the to the farin honse on the same roarl, called Les minds of the inhabitants of St. Luke's; I Quatre Bras. The Prince of Orauge imniedie might as well expect that a drunken man ately reinforced this brigade with another of the could discuss, with calmness and perspi- same division, mder Geveral Perponcher, and cuity, an argument in 'mathematics or in the morning early regained part of the ground moral philosoplıy. That I may not, how. which had becu lost, so as to liave the command