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of the communication leading from Nivelles and Bruxelles, with Marshal Blucher's position. Iu the mean time I had directed the whole army to march upon Les Quatre Bras, and the 5th division nnder Lieutenant-General Sir Thomas Pic ton, arrived about half-past two in the day, followed by the corps of troops under the Duke of Brunswick, and afterwards by the contingent of Nassau. At this time the enemy commenced an attack upon Prince Blacher, with his whole force, excepting the 1st and 2d corps; and a corps of cavalry under General Kellerman, with which he attacked our post at Les Quatre Bras. The Prussian army maintained their position with their usual gallantry and perseverance, against a great disparity of numbers, as the 4th corps of their army, under General Bulow, had not joined, and I was not able to assist them as I wished, as I was attacked myself, and the troops, the cavalry in particular, which had a long distance to march, had not arrived. We maintained our position also, and completely defeated and repulsed all the enemy's attempts to get possession of it. The enemy repeatedly attacked us with a large body of infantry and cavalry, supported by a numerous and powerful artillery; he made several charges with the cavalry upon our infantry, but all were repulsed in the steadiest manner.— [Here his Lordship praises his troops and off cers.]—Our loss was great, as your Lordship will perceive by the enclosed return; and I have particularly to regret his Serene Highness the Duke of Brunswick, who fell fighting gallantly at the head of his troops. Although Marshal Blucher had maintained his position at Sambref, he still found himself much weakened by the severity of the contest in which he had been engaged, and as the fourth corps had not arrived, he determined to fall back, and concentrate his army upon Wavre; and he marched in the night after the action was over. This move ment of the Marshal's rendered necessary a corresponding one on my part; and I retired from the farm of Quatre Bras upon Genappe, and thence upon Waterloo the next morning, the 17th, at ten o'clock. The enemy made no effort to pursue Marshal Blucher. On the contrary, a patrole which I sent to Sambref in the morning, found all quiet, and the enemy's videttes fell back as the patrole advanced. Neither did he attempt to molest our march to the rear, although made in the middle of the day, excepting the following, with a large body of cavalry, brought from his right, the cavalry under the Earl of Uxbridge. This gave Lord Uxbridge an opportunity of charging them with the 1st Life
Guards, upon their deboncké from the village of Genappe, upon which occasion his Lordship has declared himself to be well satisfied with that regiment. The position which I took up in front of Waterloo, crossed the high roads from Charleroy, and Nivelle, and had its right thrown back to a ravine near Merke Braine, which was occue pied; and its lett extended to a height above the hamlet Ter la Haye, which was likewise occupied. In front of the right centre and near the Nivelle road, we occupied the house and garden of Hougonmont, which covered the return of that flank; and in front of the left centre we occupied the farm of La Haye Sainte By our left we communicated with Marshal Prince Blucher, at Wavre through Ohaim; and the Marshal had promised me that in case we should be attacked he would support me with one or more corps, as might be necessary. The enemy, collected his army, with the exception of the third corps, which had been sent to observe Marshal Blucher, on a range of heights in our frout, in the course of the night of the 17 th and yesterday morning, and at about ten o'clock he commeuced a furious attack upon our post at Hougoumout. I had occupied that post with a detachment from General Byng's brigate of Guards, which was in position in its rear; and it was for some time under the command, of Lieut. Col. Macdonald, and afterwards of Colonel Home; and I am happy to add that it was maintained throughout the day with the utmost gallantry by these brave troops, notwithstanding the repeated efforts of large bodies of the enemy to obtain possession of it. This attack upon the right of our centre was accompanied by a very heavy cannonade upon our whole line, which was destined to support the repeated attacks of cavalry and infantry occasionally mixed, but sometimes separate, which were made upon it. In one of these the enemy carried the farmhouse of La Haye Sainte, as the detachment of the light battalion of the legion which occupied it had expended all its ammunition, and the enemy occupied the only communication there was with them. The enemy repeatedly charged our infantrywith his cavalry, but these attacks were uniformly unsuccessful, and they afforded opportunities to our cavalry to charge, in one of which Lord E. Somerset's brigade, consisting of the life guards, royal horse guards, and 1st dragoon guards, highly distinguished themselves as did that of Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby, having taken many prisoners and an eagle. These attacks were repeated till about seven in the evening, when the enemy made a desperate effort with the cavalry and infantry, supported by the fire of artility, to
Lieutenant-Colonels.-Macara, 42d Regt.; Cameron, 928 Regt. ; Sir Alex. Gordon, K. C. B. Aid
force onr left centre, near the farm of La Haye Sainte, which atter a severe contest was defeated; and having observed that the troops retired from this attack in great confusion, and that the march of General Bulow's corps by En schermont upon Plancheporte and La Belle Alli-de-Camp to the Duke of Wellington; Canning; ance had begun to take effect, and as I could perceive the fire of his cannon, and as Marshal Prince Blucher had joined in person, with a corps of his army to the left of our line by Ohain, I determined to attack the enemy, and inmediately advanced the whole line of infantry, sup-wiel, 2d Light Regiment.
Currie, Lord Hill's Staff.
Captains. Bolton, Royal Artillery; Crawford,
Maitland; Brown, 1st Guards.
ported by the cavalry and artillery. The attack
Major-General Sir W. Ponsonby.
Majors.-The Hon. Fred, Howard, 10th Hussars i
G. C. B. severely.
Lieut-Generals.—the Earl of Uxbridge, G. C. B. right leg amputated ; Sir C. Alten, K. C. B. severely
Sir E. Barnes, K. C. B. Adjut.-Gen. severely; Sir
right arm amputated; Hay, 16th Light Dragoons, Lieutenant-Colonels.-Lord. Fitzroy Somerset, severely; Vigoureau, 30th Light Dragoons; Abercrombie, A. Q. M. G. slightly; Hamilton, 30th regiment; Cameron, 95th, severely; Wyndham, Guards, slightly; Macdonell, Coldstream, slightly ; 1st Foot Guards, severely; Bowater, 3d Foot Dashwood, 3d Guards, severely; Sir R. Hill, Royal Horse Guards Blue, severely; Norcott, 95th, severely; Hill, severely; Schreider, 8th Line battalion; Adair, 1st Guards, severely; Miller, 1st Guards, dangerously; Sir George Henry Berkeley, A. A. G.
Majors.-Maclean, 73d; Beckwith, 95th, severely; Jessop, Assistant Quarter Master General; Bush, 1st Light Batt, K. G. L. right arm ampu tated, Parkinson, 73d, severely; Parker, R. H. Arlillery, leg amputated; Robert Ball, Royal Ar tillery, severely; Hamilton, Aid-de-Camp to Major General Sir E. Barnes; Watson, 69th regiment,
Captains. Smith, 95th regiment, severely; Tyler, Aid-de-Camp to Sir Thomas Picton, slightly; Dance, 23d Light Dragoons; Johnston, 95th; Carmers, 95th; Darney, Napier, A. M'Donald, Webber, Royal Artillery, severely; Dumaresque, Aid. de-Camp to Gen. Sir J. Byng, severely; Whyn-honour, the happiness of the country will be reconquered! To every Frenchman who has a heart, the moment is arrived to conquer or perish. (Signed) NAPOLEON.
severely. Brevet-Major, Emem, dangerously.~ | devour the states of the second rank of Germany. Majors Wilkins and Miller, 95th regt. severely; The madmen! a moment of prosperity blinds Lindsay, 69th, dangerously. them. The oppression and humiliation of the French people are beyond their power. If they enter France, they will there find their tomb. Soldiers! we have forced marches to make, battles to fight, dangers to encounter; but with steadiness, victory will be our's; the rights, the
nates, Royal Artillery, severely; the Hon. Erskine, D. A. A. G. left arm amputated; A. Dangton, Aid-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Picton, severely; Barnes, Brevet Major, Royal Artillery, severely.
(A true copy) The Marshal Duke of Dalmatia, Major-Gen.
Lieutenants-Royal Artillery, Foster, Crome, Robe, Smith, Strangway, Brierton, and Forbes, severely; Hormey, arm amputated; Bloomfield and D. Crawford, slightly.-Haverlock, Aid-de-Camp to Gen. Sir Charles Alten; Pringle, Royal. Engineers, slightly; Hamilton, 46th regiment, slightly; Heise, 1st light battalion; Gardiner, Johnstone, Moltry, Simmons, J. Gardiner, Eitzmaurice, Shenley, and Wright, 95th, severely.
The following relate only to the operations of the army previous to the battle of the 18th, the French account of which has not arrived.
Avesnes, June 14, 1815. Soldiers!This day is the anniversary of Marengo and of Friedland, which twice decided the destiny of Europe. Then, as after Austerlitz, as after Wagram, we were too generous! We believed in the protestations and in the oaths of Princes whom we left on the throne! Now, however, coalesced among themselves, they would destroy the independence and the most sacred rights of France. They have commenced the most unjust of aggressions. Let us march, then, to meet them. Are they and we no longer the same men? Soldiers, at Jena, against these same Prussians, now so arrogant, you were one against three, and at Montmirail one against six! Let those among you who have been prisoners of the English, detail to you the hulks, and the frightful miseries which they suffered! The Saxons, the Belgians, the Hanoverians, the soldiers of the Confederation of the Rhine, lament that they are compelled to lend their arms to the cause of Princes, the enemies of justice and of the rights of all nations; they know that this coalition is insatiable! After having devoured twelve milfions of Poles, twelve millions of Italians, one million of Saxons, six millions of Belgians, it must
Charleroi, June 15.
On the 14th the army was placed in the follow ing manner:-The Imperial Head-quarters at Beaumont, The 1st corps, commanded by General D'Erlon, was at Solre on the Sambre. The 2d corps, commanded by General Reillé, was at Ham-sur-Heure. The 3d corps, commanded by General Vandamme, was on the right of Beaumont. The 4th corps, commanded by General Gerard, had arrived at Philippeville On the 15th, at three in the morning, General Reillé attacked the enemy, and advanced upon Marchiennes-au-Pont. There were various engagements, in which his cavalry charged a Prussian battalion, and made 300 prisoners. At one În the morning, the Emperor was at Jamignon-sur-Heure, General Daumont's division of light cavalry sabred two Prussian battalions, and made 400 prisoners. General Pajol entered Charleroi at mid-day. The sappers and mariues of the guard were with the advance to repair the bridges. They were the first to penetrate into the town as sharp-shooters. General Clari, with the 1st Hussars, advanced upon Gosselies, on the Brussels road; and Geneal Pajol upon Gilly, on the Namur road. At three in the afternoon Geueral Vandamme debouched with his corps on Gilly, Marshal Grouchy arrived with the cavalry of General Excelmans. The enemy occupied the left of the position of Fleurus; at five in the afternoon the Emperor ordered an attack. The position was turned, and carried. Four squadrons of the Guard, commanded by General Letort, the Emperor's Aids-de-camp, broke three squares; the 26th, 27th, and 28th Prussian regiments were routed. Our squadrons sabred from four to 500 mes, and took 150 prisoners. During this time General Reillé passed the Sambre at Marchiennes. au-Pont, in order to advance upon Gosselies with the divisions of Prince Jerome and General Bachelu, attacked the enemy, took from him 250 prisoners, and pursued him on the road to Brus,
Fleurus, June 17, 4 o'clock in the morning. The battle of yesterday lasted till ten o'clock in the evening. We are still in pursuit of the enemy, who has experienced a terrible overthrow. We have hitherto 8,000 prisoners, 20 pieces of cannon, and several standards, many officers of rank, among others Count Lutzow. We expect at day break to collect a great number in the villages of St. Amand, and others who were cut off by the movement which the Emperor caused his gnard to make. The grenadiers and chasseurs of the old guard massacred entire masses, and have lost very few men. It appears that it was a charge of bayonet by the Imperial Foot Guards which de cided the battle. The enemy have been extremely numerous. I never saw such enthasiasm in our soldiers. The columns which marched to battle, the wounded who returned from being dressed, never ceased to exclaim "Live the Emperor!"
sels. We thus became masters of the whole position of Fleurns. At eight in the evening the Emperor re-entered his head-quarters at Charleroi, This day cost the enemy five pieces of cannon and 2,000 meu, of whom 1,000 are prisoners. Our loss is 10 men killed and 80 wounded, the greater part belonging to the squadron of the guard who made the charges, and to three squadrons of the 20th dragoons, who also charged a square with the greatest intrepidity. Our loss, though trifling in amount, has been sensibly felt by the Emperor, from the severe wound received by General Letort, is aid-de-camp, in charging at the head of the squadrons. He is an officer of the greatest distinction: he was struck by a ball in the lower part of the belly, but the surgeons give hopes that bis wound will not be mortal. We have found some magazines at Charleroi. The joy of the Belgians it would be impossible to describe. There were some villages which, on the sight of their deliverers, formed dances; and every where there is a movement which proceeds from the COPY OF A LETTER FROM THE MAJOR-GENEheart. In the report of the Major-General of the RAL TO THE WAR MINISTER. Staff, the names of the officers and soldiers who Fleurus, June 17, 18!5. distinguished themselves will be inserted. The Monsieur Marshal,—I announced yesterday, Emporor has given the command of the left to from the field of battle of Ligny, to his Imperial the Prince of Moskwa, who, in the evening, had Highness Prince Joseph, the signal victory which his head-quarters at Quatre-Chemins, on the road the Emperor has gained. I returned here with his to Brussels. The Duke of Treviso, to whom the Majesty at 11 o'clock in the evening, and it was Emperor gave the command of the young guard, necessary to pass the night in attending to the has remained at Beaumont, ill of the rheumatism. wounded. The Emperor has remounted his which has forced him to keep his bed. The 4th horse, to follow the success of the battle of Ligny. corps, commanded by General Gerard, arrives It was fought with fury, and the greatest enthu-' this evening at Chatelet. General Gerard has siasin on the part of the troops. We were one to stated, that Lient. General Bourmont, Colonel three. At eight o'clock in the evening, the EmClonet, and the chief of squadron Villoutreys, peror marched with his guard; six battalions of have passed over to the enemy. A lieutenant the old guard, the dragoons, and horse-grenaof the 11th Chasseurs has also gone over. The diers, and the cuirassiers of General Delort, deMajor-General has ordered that these descrters bouched by Ligny, and executed a charge which shall be immediately sentenced conformably to | separated the enemy's line. Wellington and the laws. It would be impossible to describe | Blucher saved themselves with difficulty: the the good spirit and ardour of the army. It views effect was theatrical. In an instant the firing the desertion of this small number of traitors ceased, and the enemy was routed in all direcwho thus throw off the mask, as à fortunate tions. We have already several thousand pri event. soners, and 40 pieces of cannon. The 6th and 1st corps were not engaged. The left wing fought against the English army, and took from it cannon and standards. At night I will give you announced. Our loss does not appear enormous; further details, for every instant prisoners are since, without screening it, I do not reckon it at
more than 3000 men.
NEWS FROM THE ARMY.
In rear of Ligny, half past 8 in the evening of the 16th of June, 1815. The Emperor has just obtained a complete victory over the Prussian and English armies, united, under the orders of Lord Wellington and Marshal Blucher. The army at this moment de bouches by the village of Ligny, in advance of Fleurus, to pursue the enemy.
A letter of the Emperor, of the 16th,' ends with these words, written with his own hand* he is going on well."
Marshal, Major-General Duke of Dalmatia,
Marshal, Minister of War, Prince of Eckmuн,
EXPOSITION OF THE MINISTER OF THE
The President announced, that Count Regnault St. Jean d'Angely requested a hearing, to communicate to the Chamber the exposition of the Minister of the Interior: it was granted.
His Majesty the Emperor, said Count Regnault, having charged those of his Ministers who are Members of the Chamber of Peers to communicate to that Assembly the exposition of our situation, which was announced to you in the discourse from the throne, has confided a similar mission to those of his ministers who have been elected representatives of the people. Today, and at the moment when I speak, the Minister of the Interior is reading to the Chamber of Peers the exposition of the state of the Empire. I have been charged to communicate to you a copy thereof, and shall read it, if such is the pleasure of the Chamber. The assembly manifested its assent.
protector of liberal ideas, around a Prince who, educated in the revolution, advances with the age in which he lives, and wishes to extend the dominion of miud instead of circumscribing it. Instructed by misfortunes, he will see the conquerors of Austerlitz, of Marengo, and of Jena, march anew under the colours which so often led them to victory, and the event will not be doubtful. However, his Majesty is sincerely desirous of peace; he has done every thing to preserve it, but without in clining to listen for a moment to humiliating conditions, which would compromise the honour and the dearest interests of France. AH his efforts, however, have been fruitless; already our frontiers are menaced at all points, already hostilities have been commenced without any preliminary declaration of war, and there seems to remain no other resource for the maintenance of our independence but anu appeal to arms. If the Emperor were less fortified by the inherent strength of his character, he might fear two rocks. There has been talk of a royalist party and a republican party, alike enemies of his government. But the former has not known how to defend the Princes objects of its affection, for whom it pretended a willingness to die; it is far from formidable. As to the republicans, converted from ok errors, of which cruel experience made them feel too severely the fatal effects, they see in the Emperor only the protector of the liberal ideas which they have at all times themselves professed, and which excesses alone have prevented them from hitherto sceing realised. The time has been too short to give to the national constitution all the perfection of which it was susceptible; but the Emperor, towards the accomplishment of this essential work, reckons on the intelligence and patriotism of the two Chambers. The preparations for war have prevented him from giving to it himself all the attention which he could have wished; but the French territory was threatened. The national character, which essentially rejects every idea of
Count Regnault resumed.-Among all the objects of the Emperor's solicitude, the first, after his solemn acceptance of the constitution, has been to make known to the nation, through the medium of its representatives, the true situation in which it is placed. Three months have scarcely elapsed since his Majesty quitted the rock to which circumstances had for a moment banished him, in order to deliver France from the enslaving yoke of a worn-out dynasty, which managed the resources of our fine country merely for the profit of foreigners. The enthusiasm which served. as an escort to his Majesty from the period of his landing, sufficiently proved on what side lay the national wishes. It proves, that if the deposed family could ever re-enter France with the aid of foreigners, it would soon be expelled anew. Its prejudices, its engagements with the old privileged castes, are all in opposition to the liberal ideas in which the existing generation has been bred, and which can never retrograde. With the princes of that family, we should have seen, as indeed we are menaced, with the re-appear-conquest, should have been a sufficient ance of all the cruel absurdities of feudal guarantee to all the powers of Europe government, and the degrading slavery of against the invasion which they seem so the monastic system. In the mean time, much to fear at present; but that fear is It is to re-establish all these institutions, only a vain pretext to cover their ambi that they invite the foreigner into our fine tion. That ambition is sufficiently deCountry: but we will never thus abandon monstrated by the senseless declarations st; we will rally around the Emperor, the of the Congress of Vienna, by the assem