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ABDICATION OF NAPOLEON IN FAVOUR / the union of all efforts, of all wills, and the con.
OF HIS SON. APPOINTMENT OF A PRO-currence of all national anthorities. I had reason VISIONAL GOVERNMENT. PROCEEDINGS to hope for success, and I braved all the declara. OF THE TWO CHAMBERS. STATE OF THE tions of the Powers against me. Circumstances ARMIES, &c.
appear to me changed. I offer myself as a sacri.
hce to the hatred of the enemies of France. May This has been a week of events, perhaps they prove sincere in their declarations, and hase the most extraordinary which are recorded really directed them only against my power! in history. The Emperor Napoleon has My political lite is terminated, and I proclaim resigned the throne of France, and his my son under the title of Napoleon II. Emperor son, by the Empress Maria Louisa, daugh of the French. The present Ministers will proter of the Emperor Francis of Austria, visionally form the Council of the Government. and piece of the Queen of France, Maria The interest which I take in my son juduces me Antoinette, who was guillotined, during to invite the Chambers to form, without delay, the Revolution, has been proclaimed Em- the Regency by a law. Unite all for the public peror of France, by the style and title of safety, in order to remain au ivdependent nation. Napoleon the Ild. The proceedings by
NAPOLEON, which this great event has been brought about, are as follow :-Napoleon, after
The Duke of Otranto addressed the losing the battle of Waterloo, which, per- Assembly in a very energetic speech, in losing the battle of Waterloo, which, per- which he concluded by proposing that a haps, was attended with more fatal consequences than any yet ever heard of, re
council of five persons should be appointturned to Paris. Le lost no time in send-ed, with instructions to them to treat ing a Message to the Legislative Bodies, with the Allies for the maintenance of the calling upon them to take measures for independence of the French nation.-M. the re-organization of his army, and for
Dupin followed. He stated, that the the replacing of its “ Material," (that is,
first duty of the House was to accept the in English, all the engines of war) which resignation of Napoleon. it appears, had been completely lost.
After a very long and turbulent debate, This Message was received with, at least,
the members already mentioned were coldness; and Napoleon, seeing that the elected to form the Provisional Govern..
ment. feeling of the Assemblies were against
On the following day, the 23d, him, sent a Message, informing them, 11. Berenger moved, that the Provisional that he had abdicated in favour of his government should be declared collecSon !—This Message excited rery turbu- tirely responsible. After considerable lent debates. The Republican body seem- agitation and confusion, the sitting closed, ed to pause at his right to abdicaie in fa- with recognising the accession of Napovour of any one.
Those of the Assem. leon II. as Emperor of the French, and inblies who were Bonapartists, argued, that structing the new Provisional government there was no other way of exciting en- to communicate forth with with the Allies. thusiasm in the army; and a third party
The Debates in the House of Peers were appeared to be tinctured with a sort of nearly of the same kind, and had the attachment to the Duke of Orleans ; at
same result.---Ney, the Prince of Moskwa, Jeast, they were openly denounced as such gave the following detail of the state of by several Members. At last, howerer,
the armies. a Council of Regency was established,
Marshal Gronchy and the Duke of Dalmatia consisting of the following persons: Count are not capable of assembling 60,000 men, It is Carnot, Fouche, (Duke of Otranto) impossible to assemble them on the line of the (eneral GRENIER, CAULAINCOURT (Duke army of the nortdı. Marshal Grouchy in particuof Vicenza) and Baron QUINETTE.
lar has not been able to collect more thao 7 or . On the 22d Jupe, the debates were 8000 meu. The Duke of Dalmatia was not able opened by the delivery of the Declaration to rally any troops at Rocroy, and the only of Napoleon, of which the following is a means yon lrave of saving the country is to open sopy :
a negociation. DONAPARTE'S DECLARATION TO THE FRENCH
On this statement a long debate ensued, FRENCHMENT_In commencing war for main in which no sort of blame was attempted laining the national independenge, I relied on to be attributed in any way, directly or
indirectly, to Napoleon, or any of his from General Lemarque, dated 220 June, gencrals; and, on the motion of the in which he states, that he had “ surprised Count ile Punte Contant, the llouse re- a large body of Vendeans, to the amount solved, that the Resolutions of the House 6 of 18 or 20,000, near La Roche Serof Representatives be adopted, in which " vieres, routed them, and killed and the war was declared Nutional, and the “ wounded between 12 and 1,500 men." whole nation called upon to defend itself. The following decree was then proposed : During the debates in the Chamber of
" Ari. I. The Government is authorised to Representatives, the following most energetic speech was made by M. De la of the armies and the transport of troops.
secure, by means of REQUISITION, the snbsistence Fayette, that celebrated man, who has
" 2. The Government will adopt such mea. cut so distinguished a figure in the cause of liberty, from his first appearance in pub- exercise of these requisitions
sures as to prevent and punish any abuses in the lic life as Commander in Chief of the
(Signed) Le Duc d'OTRANTO, President." French Army or Armies, through the whole period of the French Revolution
On the 25th the Duke of Otranto com up to the present day ; during all which municated the following extract of the he has proved himself decidedly and con- correspondence, received by the Minister clusively a true friend of liberty :
of War during the 24th, relative to the “ Gentlemen, while for the first time for operations of the armies : many years you hear a voice which the Marshal Grouchy urites from Recroi, that he has old friends of liberty may yct rec«gnize, entered that place with 20,000) infuntry, 5000 cao I feel myself called upon to speak to you ralry, and a numerous artillery, The Duke of of the dangers of the country which you Dalmatia wriles from Mezieres on the 19th June, at present alone have the power of sav- that the enemy will be in three days before Laon ; ing. Sinister, reports have been spread; that greut disorders hure taken place in the admithey are unfortunately confirmed. This nistration of the army; that there are a great is the moment to rally round the old tri- number of fugitives, and thut he is doing erery thing coloured standard, that of 89, that of in his power to repair the eril. A telegraphic Disliberty, equality, and public order ; it is patch of the 92d June, announces that the army of that alone which can protect tis from fo-line Moselle vous utiacked in the night, that the best reign attacks and internal dissensions. of St. Jean kas retired upon Forbach and St. Arold. Allow, Gentiemaní, a veteran in that sa
Our army of the Alps has repulsed the enemy upon cred cause, who was ever an enemy to
the bridge of La Grange, and taken 150 prisoners. faction, to submit to you some resolu. Nuthing new in the army of the Eastern Pyrenneostions, which I flatter myself you will feel The spirit of the department of the Gers appears to the necessity of adopting.”
be ameliorated. Art. 1. The Chamber declares that the inde
After a long debate, the following laws pendance of the nation is menaced.
were passed against Agitators, and after2. The Chamber declares its sittings perma. wards received the sanction of the senate
All attempts to dissolve it shall be consi. , and the Provisional government : dcred high-reason; whoever shall reader himselt
Art. 1. Tie Commission of Government, in gnilty of such an atteinpl shall be considered a
order to ensure public tranquillity, besides the traitor to his commity, and condemned as such.
mailles indicated by law, may order against 3. The Arnıy of the Line, the National Guards, 1110 e who shall be accnsed of provoking or fa. who live forglit, and still tight, for the liberty, vouring disturbances, clisplaying signs of rallying, the independence, and the territory of France,
or other colonrs than the National ones, spreading bave verited well of the country,
false and alarming news, either being placed These resolutions were carried in both wer superintendance, in a place different from houses. On the 24th; a letter was read their place of residence, or arrest without being in the House of Representatives, from obliged to send them before a Court of Law in size General Delange. Announcing, that pro- period prescribed by the law. posals had been made to him lry Laroche 2. The present disposition shall only be ese; Jacqueling for a suspension of arms, tecnted for two months, at which time the indi* chable him to communicate to other Vep-viduals taken up or placed under superinteudence rean chiefs a propo:ition for pacifying shall be free, or seut, if necessary, before the the country.” Another letter was readl Tribunals.
MISSION TO THE FRENCI PEOPI.E.
3. There shall be created in ench of the Legis. l interior of the capital, in order to watch over the Jative Cliambers a Committee, to which the com. maintenance of order, which the disaffected plaints of individuals atlected by the present law wond in vain endeavour to trouble. The Pasi. sball be addressed,
sian federation is animated with an unanimous A decree was issued by the Provisional / Windo: il knows no efforts beyond its zeal for the
holy cause of liberty.. Its dearest liope iu make overnment, requiring, that “ all the young men of 1815 remaining of the ing this solema demand, is to be placed in ad160,000 ordered to be levicd on the 9th
vanice, to prove immediately by actions its devoof October, 1813, shall be immediately redress and patriotism. The Memburs of the
Confederation, placed in active service;" and by an
CARRET, President. order of the Minister of llar, all oilicers
CHERY, Treasurer. and soldiers belonging to the army of the
QUINET, Secretary-Gen. north, then at Paris without leave of absence, are required to depart within 24 hours, and proceed to Soissons, whence
Paris, June 94. they will be directed to their respective FRENCHMEN,- Within the period of a few
corps," under pain of being “conveyed days glorions successes and a dreadful reverse 6 to the military prisons and their names have again agitated your destinies. A great sa• *** delivered up to public censure."--Dur- crifice appeared, necessary to your peace and to ing this sitting, addresses were presented that of ihe world, and Napoleon abdicated the by the Parisian Federation, by the con- Imperial Power. His abdication forms tie term federated pupils of the Schools of Law and of his political life. His son is proclaimed. Your Medicine, and from the pupils of the Ly- new Constitution, which possesses ag yel only ceum Napoleon, declaring that they put good principles, is about to undergo its applicathemselves under the orders of the Assem. Lui!, and even those principles are are to be pillo bly, for the defence of the country. Ilo- rified and extended, There no longer exist norable mention of these was made in the powers jealous of e.ch other. The space is free minutes. The following address of the to the enligliceved patriotism of your Represcna Parisian Federation, will give an idea of tatives, and the Peers teel, think, and vote as the whole :
After twenty-five years of Gentlemen Representutives-- The country was political tempests the moment has arrived when threatened : the Bretons, the Lyonnois, the Bur- every lling wise and sublime that has been congundians, confederated to repel our aggressors. ceived respecting social institutions, may be perInspired by thie same sentiments, the Parisiaus, tected in yours. Let reason and genius speak, who in all times have given the example of pa- , and from whatever side their voices may proceed triotismı, immediately rose, and independently of they sirall be heard. Plenipotentiaries have dethe federations of St. Antoine and St. Marceau, paited, in order to treat in the name of the na. the capital saw the Parisiau federation formed in tion, and 10 negociate with the Powers of Europe its bosom. While our armies were extended over that peace which they have promised on one conour lies, and were preparing for battle, the Pa- dition, which is now tulfilled. The whole world risian federation organised and fortified itself, will, like you, be attentive to tincir reply. Their and erected in the midst of the capital a reduubt, answer will make known whether justice and which will bear its name, and which it lias sworn promises are any thing on earth. Frenchmen! to detend. Greal events have just broken out: be united ; let all rally under circumstances of greater perhaps are in preparation. The repre. such great importance. Let one civil discords sentatives of the nation call to the defence of the be appeased ; let dissention be silent at this mo. country all Frenchmen capable of bearing armis. ment in which the great interests of nations are The Parisiau federation has ficard this appeal: 1 to be discussed. Be united from the North of the Parisian federation presents itselt in a body. | France to the Pyrenees; from La Vendee to Its reekops anong its members a great number Marseilles. . Who is lie, who, boru on the soil of of old soldiers of all ranks, artillerymen and young france, whatever may be his party, whatever and robu: t citizens, who all born with the desire his political opinions, will not range hiinselt an01' advancing on the threatened points, and ot der the National Standard to defend the Indestriking the enemies of our independence. The pendeuce of the Country? Armies may, in part, Confederates solicit arins, a military organization, be destroyed; but the experience of all ages, and and the honour of serving their couutry usefully, of all nations, proves that an intrepid natin, whether on uie troutiers, the heights, or ju the combatiug for justice aud liberty cannot be dt
Let us at
stroyed. The Emperor, ill abdicating, bas of. I accustomed to admire the sentiments of tered buimself as a sacrilice. The Menibers of the indignation and horror professed by the Government devote themselves in accepting from Times writer against the alledged cruelties Representatives the reins of the State.
of the Jacobins, read the following extract (Signed). The Duke of OTRANTO, President. from that paper, of Friday, and then ask T. BERLIER, Secretary, &c.
themselves, who are the most deserving of
the epithets of wretches, savages, and Thus, according to the last accounts re.
murderers ? " A weak and timid wish to ceived, is situated the great empire of
“ spare the effusion of blood at FontaineFrance. Napoleon has abdicated in fa- bleau has caused the eli usion of ten vour of his son, who is the present sore- 5 times as much blood at Ligny and Wareign, acknowledged as such by the repre- " terloo. A visionary hope of conciliat. sentatives of the French nation, The “ing the ferocious soldiery and unprioci. Allied Powers declared solemnly, in the pled Jacobins of Ianis has afforded them face of Europe and of the world, that their “ the means of concerting a treason the object in going to war, was to remove Bo- “ most disgraceful to the age. naparte from power. He is removed from “ least profit by this sad experience. Let the throne, and is become a private citi. 66
us turn the unparalleled valour of WaWhat more do they want? They " terloo to a beneficial account. To think abjured all idea of interfering with the in- of reforming a CARNOT, or a CAULAINternal government of France. We shall court, is the height of folly : to ima. see now whether they were sincere or not.
gine that we can tame the ferocity of For my part, I still think, as I have al- “ BOXAPARTE's savages of the Imperial ways thought, that it is a war not against Guard is no less absurd. Every indithis man, or that man, but against liberty 66 vidual that has taken an active part in and independence. The allies will shew
6 this perfidious and atrocious rebellion, at once by their conduct, whether this is “ must be brought under the due coercion the case. If it is, Louis will be again “ of the law. Not to make some examplaced upon the throne. How long he “ ples of severity among such a horde of will continue there, will remain yet to be “ criminals would be to condemn the virseen. But, at all events, the scenes which “ tuous to a certainty of renewed and have lately occurred, without the least po cruel persecution. To compound with pular com motion, and which appear likely " the traitors would be a death-blow to to occur, form one of the most extraordi- “ loyalty. We are happy to believe that nary instances of sudden change, from one “ the King of France has adopted a firm extreme to another, that has ever taken “ and decisive line of conduct. The weak place in the annals of the human race. If “and, temporising councils by which he the Prench nation are sincere in their wish " was induced to load the ungrateful with for liberty and independence, the allied " honours, and to exempt the guilty from armies, not even with the assistance of “punishment, have, at length, lost their Lord Castlereagh, who is said to be on “ weight and influence. The King, in the point of again displaying his diplomatic " re-entering France has acted from the talents in a new sphere, will be unable to
energy of his own mind, and that conquer thirty millions of people, animated“
energy will teach him that it is as much hy a love of freedom, and a hatred of their " his duty to protect and encourage the former opprtssors. Success against such ; " loyal, as it is to coerce and punish the a cause would be morally and physically “ seditious. We earnestly hope he will be impossible. If, however, the Bourbons supported in a just and discriminating are restored, and the dreadful work of " firmness by all the Allies. We hope slaughter, which our corrupt newspapers “ that no Sovereign will interpose between recommend, is indeed to be commenced“ him and the leaders of the Rebellion, to on all the actors in the late scenes in screen the latter from the punishment France, humanity will have gained little they so richly merit. Let not a band of by the cessation of war, the horrors of murderers escape, because they have which will only have been transferred from the audacity to style themselves a Com. the field of battle to the platform of the “ mittee of Government. Hitherte these executioner. Let those who have been wretches and their accomplices hart “ been able at once to corrupt and to army under Dumourier, it excited terror
oppress the French nation; not the and confusion through the camp. Every “ sword is broken in their hands, let us one cried out he was betrayed; the army “ not leave them the means of acquiring became disorganized; flight ensued, and
new weapons to our own destruction, it was not till they had reached the gates " and that of civilised society.”—Times of Paris, that the runaways were convincof 30th Junc, 1815.
ed they were in safety. All the world
knows how coon these same fugitives comSince writing the above, Paris Papers pelled the Prussians to fly before them. of Monday have arrived, in which it is The battle of Jemappe, which decided stated, that “ Napoleon is gone to Havre, the fate of Flanders in November 1792, " where he is to embark for England, was followed by a similar occurrence.
accompanied by Prince Jerome, Prince After the Austrians fled to Mons, Du
Joseph, a first Equerry, a first Cham- mourier sent two brigades to occupy the “ berlain, and two Valets de Chambre.” suburbs of that place. On their march, If this step has really been taken, it need not the advanced guard was seized with a surprise any one if it is the prelude to the panic, from a strange apprehension that restoration of the Bourbons to the throne the Austriaus had undermined the ground of France. Thanks to the vanity, the over which they were marching. Terror contemptible vanity of Napoleon, and the and disorder ensued, which having comfickle disposition of the French people, municated to the rest, the two brigades for so unlooked for a change.
fell back upon the main army, by which the Austrians gained time to effect their
retreat in safey. Shortly after this, INVASION OF FRANCE.
however, we find the same troops that MR. COBBETT.—Those who consider had discovered so ill grounded a fear, the late disaster of Napoleon a prelude to driving the Austrians before them, and the submission of the French people to possessing themselves of Brussels.--the yoke of the Bourbous, seem to forget Many other instances could be added of the events, of a similar nature, which have the same description ; but these are suffioccurred since the beginning of the revo- cient to shew, that that sort of disaster, letion. During the first campaign in the which led to the retreat of Napoleon, will Netherlands, the French General Biren not justify the opinion, now industriously was on the eve of attacking the Austrians propagated, that France has been subat Mons, with an arıny already flushed dued, and that the allied armies may prowith victory, and which made the air re- ceed, without interruption, to Paris. In sound with shouts of “ victory or death.” the discussions, which have taken place In a moment it was seized with a panic; in the Senate and Legislative body, rethe whole was thrown into confusion; specting the elevation of Napoleon's son the Austrians commenced the attack; the to the Imperial dignity, the most decided republicans were forced to retreat with hostility appeared against the family of immense loss, and only escaped entire an- | the Bourbons. If, as it is said, the Brinihilation by a detachment, under Ge- tish army have marched into France with neral Rochainbeau, coming to their relief. Louis XVIII. at their head, nothing more ---Notwithstanding this disaster, it is well will be wanting to open the eyes of the known that the French very soon after French to the plans now forming to redrove their assailants from the field. When place that unfortunate personage on the General Dumourier was obliged to retreat throne; no other stimulus will be nebefore the Prussians, he sent orders to cessary to rouse the nation, as it was General Chazot, whom he had detached roused in the early part of the revoluwith about 10,000 men from the main tion, to resist all attempts to impose a body of his army, to join him. This divi-government so hostile to its feelings, and siop on its march fell in with 1500 Prus- so much at variance with the true interests sians, which they took for the advanced- and glory of France. guard of Clairfayt's army. Disorder im- But it will be said, that the near apo mediately pervaded the ranks; they threw proach of the allies to Paris, precludes all down their arms and fled in all directions. idea of any resistance which the French Intelligence of this having reached the people can offer, being successful. It is