Page images

left of the division, which had mananvred nson, the baggage which had not repassed the Sambre, 011r flanks, in order not to have any uneasiness on

in short, every thing that was on the field of batthat side-the rest was disposed in reserve, part tle, reniained in the power of the enemy. It was to occupy the potence in rear of Mount St. Jean, impossible to wait for the troops on our right, prrt upon the sidge in rear of the field of bat. every one knows what the bravest army in the tle, which formed our position of retreat.

world is when this mixed and thrown into con. In this state of aliairs the battle was gained; we fusion, and when its organisation no longer exists. occupied all the positions which the enemy oc

The Emperor crossed the Sambre at Charleroix cupied at the outset of the battle : onr cavalry at five o'clock in the morning of the 19111. Phile having been too soon and ill employed, we could lipeville and Avesnes' have been given us the no longer hope for decisive success; but Marshal points of re-union. Prince Jerome, General Grouchy, having learned the movement of the Morand, and other Generals have there already Prussian corps, marched upon the rear of that rallied a part of the army. Marshal Grenchyi corps, which insure:? is a signal success for next with the corps on the right, is moving on the day. After eight hours fire and charges of in- Lower Sanıbre. The loss of the enemy must fantry and cavalry, all the army saw with joy the bave been very great, if we inay judge from the battle gained, and the field of battle in our power. number of standards we have taken from them, At haif after eight o'clock, the foor battalions of and from the retrogade movements which he the middle guari), who had been sent to the ridge made;-oui's causot be calculated till after the on the other side of Mount St. Jean, in order to troops shall have been collected.- Before the support the ciirassiers, being greatly annoyed disorder broke ont, we had already experienced a by the grape-shot, endeavoured to carry the bat. very considerable loss, particularly in our evalry, teries with the bayonets. At the end of the so fatally, though so bravely engaged.-Notwithday, a charge directed against their flank by se standing these losses, tiris brave cavalry cons veral English squadrone put them in disorder. stantly kept the position it had taken from the The fngitives recrossed the ravin, Several regi- English, and only abandoned it when the tumult ments near at band seeing some troops belonging and disorder of the field of battle forced it. In to the guard in confusion, believed it was the old the midst of the night, and the obstacles whicka gnard, and in consequerne were thrown into dis- encumbered their route, it could not preserve its order. Cries of all is lost, the guard is driren own organization. Tlie artillery has, as usual, back, were beard on every side. The soldiers covered itself with glory. The carriages belong: pretend even that on many points ill-disposed ing to the head-quarters remained in their ordipersons cried out, saure qui peut. However this nary position; no retrograde movement being may be, a coinplete panic at once spread itself judged necessary. In the course of the night throughout the whole field of battle, and they they fell into the enemy's hands. Such has been threw themselves in the greatest disorder on the the issue of the battle of Mount St. Jean, glorions. line of communication; soldiers, cannoneers, for the French armies, and yet so fatal. caissons, all preased to this point; the old grard, which was in reserve, was infected, and was itself hurried along. Iu an instant, the whole army was nolbing but a mass of confusion; all the solMers of all arms were mixed pcl-mel, and it was

THE 1817. utterly impossible to rally a single corps. Tlie

At break of day the Prussian army again began enemy, who perceived this astonishing confusion,

The 4th and 2d corps marched by St. immediately attacked with their cavalry, and in Lamberi, where they were to take a position, creased the disorder, and such was the confusion covered by the forest, near Frichemont, to také owing to night coming on, that it was impossible the encry in the rear, when the moment shonld to rally the troops, and point out to them their

appear favourable. The first corps was to ope: error. This a baltle terminated, a day of false

rale by Ohaim on the right flank of the enemy. mavæuvres rectified, the greatest success insured. The third corps was to follow slowly, in order to for the next day, all was lost by a moment of afford succour in case of need. The battle began panic terror.

Even the squadrons of service, about ten o'clock in the morning. The English drawn up by the side of the Emperor, were over. thrown and disorganised by these tiimulinous that of the Frencil was on the heights before

army occupied the heights of Mont St. Jean; waves, and there was then nothing else to be done Plachenoit ; the former about 80,000 strong'; but to follow the torrent. The parks of reserve, the enemy had above 130,000. In a short time,





to move.

the battle became general along the whole line. some uncertainty was perceived in their moveIt seems that Napoleon had the design to throw | ments, and it was observed that some pieces of the left wing upon the centre, and thus to effect cannon were retreating. At this moment the the separation of the Englislı army from the first columús of the corps of General Ziethen ar. Prussian, which die believed to be retreating rived on the points of attack, near the village of upon Maestricht, For this purpose, he liad Smonben, on the enemy's right flank, and inplaced the greatest part of his reserve in the stantly charged. This moment decided the de. centre, against his riglit wing, and upon this point feat of the eneniy. His right wing was broken in he attacked with fury. The english army tought three places ; lie abandoned his positions. Our with a valoor which it is impossible to surpass. troops rushed forvrard at the pas de charge, and The repeated charges of the Old Guard were attacked him on all sides, while, at the same baffled by the intrepidity of the Scotch regi- time, the whole English line advanced. Cir ments ; and at every charge the French cavalry cumstances were extremely favourable to the was overtbrown by the English cavalry. But the attack formed by the Prussian army; the superiority of the enemy in numbers were too ground rose in an amphitheatre, so that onr artilgreat ; Napoleon continually bronght forward Iery could freely open its fire from the summit of considerable masses, and with whatever firmness! a great many heights whichi rose gradually above the English troops maintained theniselves in their each other, and in the intervals of which the position, it was not possible but that such beroic troops descended into the plain formed into briexertions must have a limit. It was half pastgades, and in the greatest order; while fresla four o'clock. The excessive difficulties of the corps continually unfolded themselves, issning passage by the defile of St. Lambert had consider from the forest on the height behind us. The ably retarded the march of the Prussian colamns, enemy, however, still preserved means to retreat, 80 that only two brigades of the fourth corps had till the village of Planchenoit, which he had on arrived at the covered position assigned to them. his rear, and which was defended by the gnard, The decisive moment was come; there was not was, after several bloody attacks, carried by an instant to be lost. The Generals did not storm. From that time the retreat became a suffer it to escape. They resolved immediately rout, wlich soon spread through the whole to begin the attack with the troops which they French army, which in its dreadful confusion, bad at baud. General Bulow, therefore, with hurrying away every thing that attempted to stop two brigades and a corps of cavalry, advanced it, soon as-umed the appearance of the flight of rapidly npon the rear of the enemy's right wing. an army of barbarians. It was half.past bine. The enemy did not lose lis presence of mind ; | The Field Marslial assembled all the snperior he instantly turned his reserve against 118, and a officers, and gave orders to send the last horse murderous conflict began on that sjile. The com- and the last man, in pursuit of the enemy. The bat remained long uncertain, while the battle of the van of the army accelerated its march. The English Army still contivued with the same vio. French being pursued withont intermission, was lence. Towards six o'clock in the evening, we absolutely disorganised. The causeway prereceived the news that General Thielman with sented the appearance of an immense shipthe third corps, was attacked near Wavre by a wreck: it was covered with an innnmeravery considerable corps of the enemy, and that ble quantity of cannon, caissons, carriages, they were already disputing the possession of the Inggage, arms, and wrecks of every kind. Tho e town.

The Field Marshal, liowever, did not of the enemy who had attempted to repose for a suffer brimself to be disturbed by this news ; it time, and had not expected to be so quickly pure was on the spot where he was, and no where else, sued, were driven from more than nine bivouacs. that the affair was to be decided. A conflict In some villages they attempted to maintain them. continually supported by the same obstinacy and selves; but as soon as they heard the beating of kept np by fresh troops, could alone insure our drums or the sonud of the trumpet, they the victory, and if it were obtained here, any either fled or threw themselves into the bouses, scverse fear Wavre was of little consequence. where they were cut down or made prisoners. Ic The columns, therefore, continued their move. was moonlight, which greatly favonred the pur. ments. It was balf an hour past seven, and the suit, for the whole march was but a continued issle of the battle was uncertain. The whole of chace, either in the corn-fields or the houses. At the 4th corps and a part of the 2d under General Genappe the enemy had evtrenched himself with Prisli had successively come np. The French cannon and overturned carriages; at our ap. troops fought with desperate fury: however, proach we suddenly lieard in the town a greas

noise and a motion of carriages ; at the entrance that this battle should bear the name of La Bells we were exposed to a brisk fire of musketry; we Alliance. replied by some caunon shot, followed by an

By the order of Field Marshal Bluclier, hurrak, and in an instant after the town was ours.

General GNEISENAU It was here tliat, among other equipages, the car. riage of Napoleon was taken ; be had just left it to mount on horseback, and in his hurry had for.

ADVANCE OF THE ALLIED ARMIES. gotten in it his sword and kat. Thas the affairs contioned till break of day. About 40,000 men,

DOWNIXG-STREET,JUNE 29, 1815.-Dispatcher, in the most complete disorder, the remains of of sthich the following are extracts, have been steis the whole army, have saved themselves, retreat. day received by Earl Bathurst, from Pield Marshall ing throngh Charleroi, partly without arins, and bis Grace the Duke of Wellington, dated Cateau, carrying with tbem only 27 pieces of their nume

22d, and Joncourt, 25th instant. rons artillery. The enemy in his flight has passed

La Cateau, June 23, 1815. all his fortresses, the only defence of his fron. We have continued in march on the left of tire tiers, which are now passed by our armies.- Sambre since I wrote to you. Marshal Blochies At three o'clock, Napoleon had dispatched from crossed that river on the 19th, in pursuit of the ene. the field of battle, a courier to Paris, with the my, and both arinies entered the French territories news that victory was no longer doubtful: a

yesterday; the Prussians by Beaumont, and the alfew hours after, he had no longer any army left. lied army, under my command, by Bavay. The. We have not yet any exact account of the enemy's remains of the French army have retired upon loss; it is enough to know that two-thirds of the Laon. All accounts agree in stating, that it is in a whole army are killed, wounded, or prisoners : very wretched state ; and that, in addition to its among the latter are Generals Mouton, Duhesme, losses in battle and in prisoners, it is losing vast and Compans. Up to this time about 300 canon, numbers of men bg desertion. The soldiers quit, and 1000 cassions, are in our hands. Pew victories their regiments in parties, and return to their homes ; have been so complete, and there is certainly no

those of the cavalry and artillery selling their horses example that an army two days after losing a

to the people of the country. The 3d corfs, which battle, engaged in sncli an action, and so glorious in my dispatch of the 19th I informed your LordJy maintained it. Honour be to troops capable ship had been detached to observe the Prussian of so mach firmness and valour! In the middle army, remained in the neighbourhood of Wavre till of the position occupied by the Frencļi army, and the 20th; it then made good its retreat by Namur exactly upon the height, is a farm called Lu Belle and Dinant. This corps is the only one remaining Alliance. The march of all the Prussian columns entire. I am not yet able to transmit your Lord. was directed towards this farm, which was visible ship returns of the killed and wounded in the army from every side. It was there that Napoleon was in the late actions. It gives me the greatest sotisduring the battle; it was thence he gave bis faction to inform you, that Colonel Delancy is not orders, that he flattered himself with the hopes of dead: he is badly wounded, but his recovery is not victory, and it was there that his rain was de doubted, and I hope will be early. cided. There, too, it was, that by a happy chance Field Marshal Blucher and Lord Wellington met

Joncourt, June 25, 1815. in the dark, and mutually salu ted each other as Finding that the garrison of Cambray was not victors. In commemoration of the alliance which very strong, and that the place was not very well vow subsists between the English and Prussian supplied with what was wanting for its defence, I nations, of the union of the two armies, and their sent Lieut.-General Sir Charles Colville there, on reeiprocal copfidence, the Field Marsbal desired, the day before yesterday, with one brigade of the

[ocr errors]

All division, and Sir C. Grant's brigade of cavalry; , England, alas ! the hostile leagne has join'd . and upon his report of the strength of the place, I Lost to her honour, to her welfare blind; seat the whole division yesterday morning. I bave Justice, with meek-eyed Peace, hias fled the land

Subdued by base Corruption's withering hand; now the satisfaction of reporting, that Sir Charles Who, o'er our isle, has stalk'd with giant stride, Colville took the town by escalade yesterday even | Destroy'd, what once was Britain's greatest pride, ing, with trifling loss, and from the communications Her boasted liberty-whose sacred flame, which he has since had with the Governor of the Rais'd to the liigbest pitch the British name. citadel, I have every reason to hope that that post The conntry's slatter'd vessel from the grave;

Will no one seize the helm, and try to save will have been surrendered to a Governor sent there Mjist she ignobly perish in the storm, by the King of France, to take possession of it, in Will no one raise the bold protecting arm? the course of this day: St Quenten has been aban- Where is that manly, darutless spirit flown, doned by the enemy, and is in possession of Mar. Which once belong'd to Englishmen alone,

Which in the cause of Justice drew the sword, shal Prince Blucher; and the castle of Guise sur.

And the stero voice of Honour only heard; renderid last night. All accounts concur in stating When to a tyrant they submission sceru'd, that it is impossible for the enemy to collect an But with their blood, their rights, their freedom, army to make head against us. It appears that the


Dead is that manly spirit, or we ne’er French corps which was opposed to the Prussions on

Could join those wretches who delight in war; the 18th inst, and had been at Wavre, suffered con

Whose hearts are callons to their country's woes, siderably in its retreat, and lost some of its cannon.

And who alone are England's direst foes.
What signal punislıment has Heav'n in store
For those who basely sell, for sordid ore,

Their country's freedom and her peace destroy,

And in her deep distress find horrid joy. Al length once more are loos'd the dogs of war, The day of retribution soon must come, To spread wide waste and desolation far; When these vile wretches will receive their To deal destruction on our fellow.mer,

doom; To place the Bourbon on the throne again. Their unavailing sorrows then will now, Imperial Russia's num'rous hordes advance, For rigid Justice will no mercy shew, With Europe's monarchs leagned to ravage France But on their coward leads will fall th' avenging Now march to give 10 gallaut Frenchmen laws, blow. And dare assert, they fight in Freedom's cause; But the base object which they seek to gain, Buckinghamshire.

Axor PAȚRI:E. Is on the free-born soul to fix the chain.

Printed and Published by G. Houston, No. 192, Strand; where all Couimunications addressed

to the Editor, are requested to be forwardedo

« PreviousContinue »