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Honolulu, Hawaii T., September 12, 19

Subcommittee of United States Senate

Committee on Pacific Islands and Porto Rico GENTLEMEN: At a special meeting of the Merchants' Associati Honolulu, held September 10, 1902, the following named gentl were appointed a committee to present a memorial from this as tion to your honorable body: Messrs. George W. Smith, W Dimond, J. F. Humburg, J. Wakefield, and Robert Catton.


I beg further to inform you that at a special meeting of the association, held September 11, 1902, the said memorial was ra and indorsed by unanimous vote of this association.

Very respectfully, yours,

W. W. HARRIS, Secretary Merchants' Association of Honol

HONOLULU, HAWAII, September 12, 1

Subcommittee of United States Senate

Committee on Pacific Islands and Porto Rico. SIRS: The undersigned, a committee duly appointed by the chants' Association of Honolulu, beg to submit for your conside the following memorial on the economic and other conditions c Territory.

We will assume that you are conversant with the fact that ar tion to the United States has resulted in a serious pecuniary loss government of Hawaii through the transfer of the custom-hou internal-revenue receipts to the Federal Government, and proc state how, in our opinion, this loss may be neutralized to the adv: of both the Federal and Territorial governments.


To the growth of the cane and its manufacture into sugar is d commercial, if not the political, position of these islands to-day. industry, fostered by the reciprocity treaty before annexatio been seriously injured since then by the application of the States labor laws and Chinese-exclusion act. While yielding to in our desire to see this become "a white man's country" to the extent possible, it has been demonstrated on several occasions is impossible for the white man to labor in the cane fields, eve high rate of wages. We would therefore suggest a relaxation laws just referred to, such as would enable our planters to dra from Asia and get enough of it under such restrictions as it mig! right to Congress to indicate This class of labor, if brough under proper conditions, would not come into competition with can labor. As merchants we leave the further discussion o matter to the Planters' Association, but the sugar industry is s much the most important of all Hawaiian enterprises that it oug think, to occupy the first place in such a memorial as this.


or provision for payment of losses incurred in the stamping out of the bubonic plague in Honolulu, 1899–1900.)

We respectfully submit the following facts:

1) That the property destroyed and for which compensation is laimed was only condemned to destruction after a careful examination y the board of health, and that said board of health was satisfied that the premises to be destroyed were plague infected. A careful record was kept of each building or block of buildings destroyed.

(2) That the disaster of January 20, 1900, where property covering approximately 35 acres of land was swept away by fire, was caused by the sanitary fire (started by order of the board of health) getting, with the aid of a strong trade wind, entirely beyond the control of the fire department.

(3) That the sole object and purpose of those sanitary fires was co contine the epidemic to the closest limits possible, in order to prevent the dread disease reaching the shipping in port and the western coast of the mainland, and to hold it within the contaminated sections of the city.

(4) That the losses incurred by the destruction of buildings, household property, and merchandise was largely in excess of the amount ($1.473.173) which has been awarded by the fire claims commission to the various claimants, and that the said claimants will cheerfully bear a considerable portion of their direct losses as well as the whole of their indirect losses, for which no claim whatever has been made or allowed.

(5) That it is an undoubted fact that the business of the community has suffered severely and is still suffering from the nonpayment of these claims, and if same are not paid within a reasonable time many of these claimants, who practically lost all their subsistence in these sanitary fires, will be forced into bankruptcy.

(5) We respectfully suggest that your honorable body examine with care the records of the board of health, which controlled the welfare of the port and city during the epidemic of the bubonic plague, as also the records of the proceedings of the fire claims commissioners, and we believe these records will fully satisfy your honorable body that no wanton or unnecessary waste of property was permitted and that the whole purpose of the sanitary fires was the eradication of the bubonic plague.

(7) The inability of the Territorial government to meet the payment of these claims has been rendered evident by statements now and heretofore made to your committee.

We would, therefore, urge the appropriation by Congress of a sufficient amount to cover the awards made by the fire claims commis



We wish to bear testimony to the efficient work done during the past two years by the United States Marine-Hospital Service, and we would respectfully urge your recommendation of such appropriations as will provide for the extension and further equipment of the quarantine station in Honolulu.


We respectfully suggest that the cost of maintaining and impro the condition of our harbors be borne by the Federal Treasury the burden of maintenance and improvements necessary to mee changing conditions resulting from the ever-increasing tonnage of sels built is too heavy for this community to bear when depriv the revenue from the customs receipts.

We beg respectfully to emphasize the fact that the benefits fro execution of public work of this character are more of a nationa local value. More American shipping tonnage puts in at island than at any other ports of the world, outside of those of the mai It is highly desirable for the fostering of United States shipping our harbors be deepened and continually kept clear of mountai so that ships of large tonnage can be brought into harbor an wharf in safety. Shipping interests between the Orient, Aust colonies, and Western American ports will be greatly further having safe, deep harbors and good wharf accommodations at H Honolulu.

To provide for the larger class of vessels, both of the me marine and Navy, which are now coming into use on the Pacif a matter of great importance that channels should be deepen harbors enlarged to admit of safe entrance and speedy hand cargo and fuel.


The necessity is apparent for better provision for offices various departments of the Federal Government. The post-of custom-house are not adequately provided for prompt handling business which comes to them. Other departments are using in buildings which are needed for the use of the Territorial ment, and it would seem to be for the best interests of all that eral building should be erected without loss of time, where offices and courts could be established and the rooms in the bi which were formerly used by the Territory given up again i



The existence of two sets of silver coins is an anomaly wh cause much trouble if, for any reason or without any good rea repudiation of the "Kalakaua" dollar comes about. It is intr of the same value as the United States dollar, so that the cost ing it would but slightly exceed that of recoinage, a cost so small parison to the advantages to be derived that we trust Cong take the necessary steps to insure the passage of the bill recentl it for that purpose.


We heartily indorse the statements made before your h Commission, by the secretary of the Territory, as to the nec having the island coasts properly lighted.


The Merchants' Association would urge that the port of Honolulu (an American port) be the mid-ocean stopping place of the transport service between Manila and San Francisco.


The Merchants' Association would urge upon the Federal Government the advisability of offering tenders to the local merchants for supplies for the departments of the Army and Navy stationed at Honolulu, and, other things being equal, to award the contracts to local



This, one of the minor industries of Hawaii, has suffered of late. years chiefly from the increased supply of the South American product. In any future readjustment of the tariff we would bespeak your consideration for Hawaiian coffee.


In conclusion, we would respectfully submit that the withdrawal of the customs receipts from the Territory is responsible, to a very great extent, for the existing financial stringency. Figures have been presented to you in the memorial from the Builders and Traders' Exchange, and it is unnecessary for us to repeat them. In view of this large contribution to the Federal revenue, it would seem to us that the cost of such improvements and appropriations as have been suggested is well provided for.

For the Merchants' Association of Honolulu:

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T. F. HUMBUR, jr.,




CHAPTER 71.-The attorney-general..

SEC. 1013. The attorney-general shall appear for the government, personally or by deputy, in all the courts of record of this republic Territory), in all cases criminal or civil in which the government may be party, or be interested; and he shall in like manner appear in the district courts when requested so to do by the marshal of the republic (high sheriff of the Territory) or the sheriff of any one of the islands. SEC. 1014. He shall also be vigilant and active in detecting offenders. against the laws of the republic (Territory), and shall prosecute the

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