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An Act to facilitate the Provision of Technical Instruction.
[30th August 1889.) Be it enacted by the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with the power for local advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in authority to this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as
supply or aid follows:-
the supply of 1.-(1.) A local authority may from time to time out of the local rate
instruction. supply or aid the supply of technical or manual instruction, to such extent and on such terms as the authority think expedient, subject to the following restrictions, namely : (a.) The local authority shall not out of the local rate supply or aid the
supply of technical or manual instruction to scholars receiving instruction at an elementary school in the obligatory or standard subjects prescribed by the minutes of the Education Department for the time
being in force ; (5.) It shall not be required, as a condition of any scholar being admitted
into or continuing in any school aided out of the local rate, and receiving technical or manual instruction under this Act that he shall attend at or abstain from attending any Sunday school or any place of religious worship, or that he shall attend any religious observance or any instruction in religious subjects in the school or elsewhere : Provided that in any school, the erection of which has been aided under this Act, it shall not be required, as a condition of any scholar being admitted into or continuing in such school, that he shall attend at or abstain from attending any Sunday school or any place of religious worship, or that he shall attend any religious observance or any
instruction in religious subjects in the school or elsewhere ; (c) No religious catechism or religious formulary, which is distinctive of
any particular denomination, shall be taught at any school aided out of the local rate, to a scholar attending only for the purposes of technical or manual instruction under this Act, and the times for prayer or religious worship, or for any lesson or series of lessons on a religious subject, shall be conveniently arranged for the purpose of allowing the withdrawal of such scholar therefrom ; (d.) A local authority may, on the request of the school board for its
district, or any part of its district, or of any other managers of a school or institution within its district for the time being in receipt of aid from the Department of Science and Art, make, out of any local rate raised in pursuance of this Act, to such extent as may be reasonably sufficient, having regard to the requirements of the district, but subject to the conditions and restrictions contained in this section, provision in aid of the technical and manual instruction for the time being supplied in schools or institutions within its district, and shall distribute the provision so made in proportion to the nature and amount of efficient technical or manual instruction supplied by those schools or
institutions respectively ; (e.) Where such other managers of a school or institution receive aid
from a local authority in pursuance of this section, the local authority shall, for the purposes of this Act, be represented on the governing body of the school or institution in such proportion as wall, as nearly its may be, correspond to the proportion which the aid given by the local authority bears to the contribution made from all sources other
Provision for eutrance examination.
Parliamentary grants in aid of technical instruction. Provisions as to local 20horities.
than the local rate and money provided by Parliament to the cost of the technical or manual instruction given in the school or institution
aided ; (1) If any question arises as to the sufficiency of the provision made
under this section, or as to the qualification of any school or institution to participate in any such provision, or as to the amount to be allotted to each school or institution, or as to the extent to which, or mode in which, the local authority is to be represented on the governing body of any such school or institution, the question shall be determined by the Department of Science and Art : Provided that no such provision, out of any rate raised in pursuance of this Act, shall be made in aid of technical or manual instruction in any school conducted for private
profit ; and (9.) The amount of the rate to be raised in any one year by a local
authority for the purposes of this Act shall not exceed the sum of one
penny in the pound. (2.) A local authority may for the purposes of this Act ap point a committee consisting either wholly or partly of members of the local authority, and may delegate to any such committee any powers exerciseable by the authority under this Act, except the power of raising a rate or borrowing money.
(3.) Nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to interfere with any existing powers of school boards with respect to the provision of technical and manual instruction.
2. It shall be competent for any school board or local authority, should they think fit, to institute an entrance examination for persons desirous of attending technical schools or classes under their management or to which they contribute.
3. The conditions on which parliamentary grants may be made in aid of technical or manual instruction shall be those contained in the minutes of the Department of Science and Art in force for the time being
4.-(1.) For the purposes of this Act the expression “locai authority”
(a.) In the case of a county council, the county fund;
council, the district fund and general district rate, or other fund or
rate applicable to the general purposes of the Public Health Acts; (3.) A county council may charge any expenses incurred by them under this Act on any part of their county for the requirements of which such expenses have been incurred. (4.) A local authority may borrow for the purposes of this Act(a.) In the case of a county council, in manner provided by the Local
Government Act, 1888; (5.) In the case of a borough council, as if the purposes of this Act were
purposes for which they are authorised by section one hundred and
six of the Municipal Corporations Act, 1882, to borrow : (c.) In the case of an urban sanitary authority not being a borough
council, as if the purposes of this Act were purposes for which they
are authorised to borrow under the Public Health Acts. 5. Where the managers of a school or institution receive aid from a local authority in pursuance of this Act, they shall render to the local authority such accounts reiating to the application of the money granted in aid, and those accounts shall be verified and audited in such manner as the local authority may require, and the managers shall be personally liable to refund to the local authority any money granted under this Act, and not shown to be properly applied for the purposes for which it was granted.
6. The accounts of the receipts and expenditure of an urban sanitary authority under this Act shall be audited in like manner and with the like
31 & 52 Vict.c.11.
45 46 Vict.c.50.
Audit of accounts of aided schools.
Audit of accounts of urban sanitary authority.
the Act to
41 & 42 Vict.c.62.
incidents and consequences, as the accounts of their receipts and expenditure under the Public Health Act, 1875.
7. In the application of this Act to Ireland(1.) The expression “local authority” shall mean the urban or rural Application of
sanitary authority, as the case may be, within the meaning of the Ireland.
Public Health (Ireland) Act, 1878.
applicable to the expenses incurred or payable by such authority in
provisions of the said Act;
which special expenses incurred in respect of any contributory place
or places are payable under the provisions of the said Act. (3.) A local authority may borrow for the purposes of this Act as if the
purposes of this Act were purposes for which the sanitary authority
are authorised to borrow under the Public Health (Ireland) Act, 1878. (4.) Any reference to the Public Health Act, 1875, shall be construed as a
reference to the Public Health (Ireland) Act, 1878. 8. In this Act,
Meaning of The expression "technical instruction” shall mean instruction in the
principles of science and art applicable to industries, and in the appli- instruction. cation of special branches of science and art to specific industries or employments. It shall not include teaching the practice of any trade or industry or employment, but, save as aforesaid, shall include instruction in the branches of science and art with respect to which grants are for the time being made by the Department of Science and Art, and any other form of instruction (including modern languages and commercial and agricultural subjects), which may for the time being be sanctioned by that Department by a minute laid before Parliament and made on the representation of a local authority that such a form of instruction is
required by the circumstances of its district. The expression “manual instruction” shall mean instruction in the use of tools, processes of agriculture, and modelling in clay, wood, or other
material. 9. This Act shall not extend to Scotland. 10. This act may be cited as the Technical Instruction Act, 1889.
technical and manual
Extent of Act.
N.B.-Sec. 2 (1) cap. 33, 62 and 63 Vict.— The Board of Education shall ake the place of the Education Department (including the Department of Science and Art), and all enactments and documents shall be construed accordingly.
Explanation of powers of local authority as to technical in struction, 52. & 53 Vict. с 6
TECHNICAL INSTRUCTION ACT, 1891.
54 & 55 Vict., Chapter 4.
[ 26th March 1891.) Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows:
1.1.) Subject to the conditions and restrictions contained in the Technical Instruction Act, 1889, a local authority may(a.) Make such provision in aid of the technical or manual instruction
for the time being supplied in a school or institution outside its district as may, in the opinion of the authority, be necessary for the requirements of the district in cases where similar provision cannot be so advantageously made by aiding a school or institution within its
district; and (6.) Provide or assist in providing scholarships for or pay or assist in
paying the fees of students ordinarily resident in the district of the
local authority at schools or institutions within or outside that district. (2.) In distributing the provision made in aid of technical or manual in struction, the local authority may consider all the circumstances of the case, and shall not be bound to distribute the provision so made exclusively in proportion to the nature and amount of efficient technical or manual instruction supplied by those schools or institutions respectively.
2. Any moneys received by a county council under sub-section (1) (%) of section one of the Local Taxation (Customs and Excise) Act, 1890, and directed by resolution of the county council to be appropriated or to be set aside for the purposes of technical or manual instruction, shall, although not expended or specifically contributed or allotted in whole or in part before the end of the financial year, remain applicable for such purposes, and shall not be applied in manner provided by sub-section (2) and the following sub-sections of section twenty-three of the Local Government Act, 1888, until the county council shall have made an order for such application.
Where a council shall have referred to a committee the question of appropriating to purposes of technical or manual instruction any sum consisting of the whole or any part of such moneys, this section, unless and until the council otherwise direct, shall, until the committee shall have made their report and the council shall have arrived at a decision thereon or the appointment of the comunittee shall have been rescinded, apply to such sum as if the same had been directed by the council to be appropriated to such purposes.
3. The expression "technical education” in section one of the Local Taxation (Customs and Excise) Act, 1890, shall be deemed to include both technical and manual instruction within the meaning of the Technical Instruction Acts, 1889 and 1891.
4. This Act may be cited as the Technical Instruction Act, 1891, and shall be construed as one with the Technical Instruction Act, 1889, and this Act and the Technical Instruction Act, 1889, may be cited together as the Technical Instruction Acts, 1889 and 1891.
51 & 52 Vict. C. 41.
Construction of 53 & 54 Vict. C 60. s.
Short title and construction.
BOARD OF EDUCATION ACT, 1899.
62 & 63 Vict., Chapter 33. An Act to provide for the Establishment of a Board of Education for England and Wales, and for matters connected there with.
[9th August 1899.] Be it enacted by the Queen's most Excellent Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons, in this present Parliament assembled, and by the authority of the same, as follows: 1.- -(1.) There shall be established a Board of Education charged with the Establishment
superintendence of matters relating to education in England and of Board of
Wales. (2.) The Board shall consist of a President, and of the Lord President of
the Council (unless he is appointed President of the Board), Her Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, the First Commissioner of
Her Majesty's Treasury, the Chancellor of Her Majesty's Exchequer. (3.) The existing Vice-President of the Committee of the Privy Council
on Education shall also be a member of the Board, but on the next vacancy in his office the office shall be abolished, and the enactments
mentioned in the schedule to this Act shall be repealed. (4.) The President of the Board shall be appointed by Her Majesty, and
shall hold office during Her Majesty's pleasure. (5.) The Board shall be deemed to be established on the appointment of
the President thereof. 2.-(1.) The Board of Education shall take the place of the Education Duties and
Department (including the Department of Science and Art), and all powers of
enactments and documents shall be construed accordingly. (2.) It shall be lawful for Her Majesty in Council, from time to time, by
Order, to transler to, or make exerciseable by, the Board of Education any of the powers of the Charity Commissioners or of the Board of Agriculture in matters appearing to Her Majesty to relate to education, and the Order may make such provision as appears necessary for applying to the exercise of those powers by the Board of Education the enactments relating to the Charity Commissioners or to the Board of Agriculture.
Provided that any question as to whether an endowment or any part of an endowment is held for or ought to be applied to educational
purposes shall be determined by the Charity Commissioners. 3.-(1.) The Board of Education may by their officers, or, after taking the Inspection of
advice of the Consultative Committee hereinafter mentioned, by any secondary University or other organisation, inspect any school supplying secondary schools. education and desiring to be so inspected, for the purpose of ascertaining the character of the teaching in the school and the nature of the provisions made for the teaching and health of the scholars, and may so inspect the school on such terms as may be fixed by the Board of Education with the consent of the Treasury : Provided that the inspection of schools established by scheme under the Welsh Intermediate 52 & 53 Vict. Education Act, 1889, shall, subject to regulations made by the Treasury under section nine of that Act, be conducted as heretofore by the Central Welsh Board for Intermediate Education, and that the said Board shall be recognised as the proper organisation for the inspection
of any such schools as may be desirous of inspection under this section. (2.) Tne council of any county or county borough may out of any
money applicable for the purposes of technical education pay or con-