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give it a half-turn around the neck before it is led down the tube of the Flyer, as the twist is thereby thrown back further toward the Roll.

For the purpose of winding the Roving on the Bobbin, it is necessary to give the Bobbin a vertical traverse, and a variable speed. The winding-on may be effected by running the Bobbin either faster or slower than the Flyer. In most Frames it is run faster. This I think is wrong in principle. Inasmuch as it is necessary to run the Flyer a certain speed to give the requisite amount of twist, it would seem to be the better policy to choose the slower speed for the Bobbin. The variation in the speed of the Bobbin is produced in the same manner in all Frames ; viz., by a pair of Cones and a combination of four Bevel Gears, commonly termed a compound motion.

There are two ways of producing the vertical traverse: one by using a sleeve or tube to carry the Bobbin, which tube is caused to traverse vertically, while the Spindle, with the Flyer attached to its head, has no vertical movement; the other, by causing the Spindle itself to carry the Bobbin and traverse, while the Flyer is made long enough to be supported by a neck at each end. think the former the better arrangement, inasmuch as the Spindle has a better support, and is consequently less subject to vibration. The latter has the advantage of requiring less time for doffing, say 24 to 4 minutes, against 6 to 10 minutes for the former, according to the length of the Frame and the number of doffers employed. In the Higgins' Frames, the long collar or tube supporting the Spindle is attached to the Frame by a universal joivt ; so that, if the Frame should by any means get out of line, the tube is free to adapt itself to the direction of the Spindle so that it cannot bind; whereas what is termed the Mason Collar is permanently secured to the Frame. Both kinds have recently been extensively introduced into this country, and a little experience will determine which is the better

arrangement. It is now almost universally the practice to use Pressers on Roving Frames, and quite a variety of kinds have been brought forward. Nearly all of them are based upon the principle of the centrifugal force of a weight attached to the outer end of an arm on the Flyer, while the inner end of the arm or finger, through which the Roving is drawn as it winds on the Bobbin, is pressed

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against the Bobbin. One defect in those Pressers which depend upon centrifugal force alone is, that, in starting and stopping the Frame, they exert but little pressure, and sometimes are so hung that the tendency is rather to fly from than to press against the Bobbin. This defect is avoided in some by making the upper end of the Presser in a hook form, and suspending it on an inclined bearing; so that its own weight tends to create a slight pressure against the Bobbin at all times, in addition to the centrifugal force, which only acts materially when the Flyer is moving with considerable velocity. Pressers are objectionable on very fine Roving ; some discarding them for any thing finer than 5 hank Roving, while others think it expedient to use them even for 12 or 15 hank Roving.

There seems to be a tendency to run Roving Frames at too high a speed. Nearly all machinery builders assert that their Frames are capable of ruoning twenty or tliirty per cent faster than it is expedient to run them, unless it is desirable to wear out the machines rapidly, and create the appearance of a snow storm in a carding-room. My own impression is, that, for a Bobbin 5 inches in diameter, and coarser than one hank, the Flyers ought not to make more than 600 to 650 revolutions per minute ; 4 inches in diameter, and coarser than 3 hank, 800 to 900 revolutions; and 3.1 inches in diameter and coarser than 5 hank, 1,000 to 1,100 revolutions.

I make these brief allusions to the several points in relation to Roving Frames, simply as a starting-point for a full discussion of

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the matter.

Mr. WETHRELL observed, that, instead of offering papers upon new subjects at the next meeting, he hoped the Board of Government would see fit to propose a discussion on the Papers which had been read. He then moved an adjournment.

Upon motion of Mr. Suove, it was voted, that the thanks of the Association be tendered to Messrs. Straw and BORDEN for the Papers presented by them, and that they be requested to furnish copies for publication.

Voted, To adjourn sine die.

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Van Winkle's.

Crighton's. Yes.

"Duplex" Opener with

two Beaters and Lap

hend attached.
Lord Bros.
Yes;

Opener.
Lord Bros.

Yes.

attached to the

Amoskeag Manf'g Co. Whitin's. 2; with Cleaning Trunk 3.

between.

2.

Yes.

Yes.

Yes.

Of whose Construction ? Bacon's Willower. Crighton's (single). Are Break. Lappers used? No.

Yes.

( Whitin's, 4;
Of whose Construction?.

Crighton's,

Whitin's, 3 each
Number of Beaters

Crighton's, 2 each.
Are Fin. Lappers used?

Yes.

Yes.
Of whose Construction ?

2 of Whitin's; Whitin's, 4;
(1 of Kitson's.

Crighton's 4.

Whitin's, 3;
Number of Beaters

Each 2.

Crighton's, 1.

Whitin's, 6;
Number of Doublings

2;

Each 3,

(Kitson's, 3.
Is Weighing practiced or
an Evener used? Weighing on Whitin's Weighing.

Ist.

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Weigh on Breaker Apron. Eveners of Lord's Evener of Lord's latest

latest Patent.

Patent.

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7 oz.

6 Trials, 8 oz. 6 Trials, 12

8

4 dr. 22
27

8 8 “ 16
12 " 8 12 15
3
9

1

8 8 " 8 " 9"

4 dr. 8 " 12 "

12 «

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1 Trial, 9 oz. 4 dr. (CRIGHTON's.) (WITIN's.)

(Feb. 1.) 11 9 " 8 "

1 Trial, 7 oz. 1 Trial, 7 oz. 13 9" 12 "

4 7 " 2 dr.

1 Trial,
7 " 2 dr.
1

8 dr.
1
7 " 3 " 1

5
25 Trials.

2
7 " 4 " 2

7 7"
38

8
2
7" 5 “ 2

7" 8 "
4

8 " Average, 9 oz. 10 dr.

7 6 7 2

7 "9"

2

8 "

8 "
Extreme var.

8 "
3
7" 8 " 3

7 "10" 2 7 "10 “

1
7 "12 16

50 Trials.
2 7 "13" 2

7 "13"
1
7 "14 “ 1

7 "14"

Average, 8 oz. 2 8 “

1

7 "15"
8
8 "1" 4

8 "
8 2 2 8" 1
2

2

8 “ 2“ 2

(Feb. 10.) 8 " 6 "

1

8 "3 2

1

8 “ 4 "
2
9

3 Trials, 7 oz. 12 dr.
1
8 " 5 " 49

8 "
1

1

8 " 6" 1

87 40 Trials.

52 Trials. 1

8 " 8 "
1
8 "11 "

Average, 8 oz.
Average, 7 oz. 14 dr. 1

8 "12"

Extreme var., 4 dr.
Extreme var., 2 oz. 1

8 "14"
2 dr.

1
8 "15"

The first weighings from
1
9“

50 different Laps.

The second, 52 Laps, 36 Trials.

417 oz. Average, 8 oz. Extreme var., 2 oz.

Trials made from last end of lap, of yard length.

each day.

RESULTS OF EXPERIMENTS. Average Weight of Yard Lengths.

Extreme Variation.

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Yes.

Yes.

{
1 Trunk Lapp'r, f work
1 Common Lapper.
Both Whitin's.

Whitin's.

Whitin's.

Both, 3.

Yes.
Van Winkle's, with

Kitson's Lapper.
Yes.
Kitson's;
Whitin's.
Kitson's, 2;
Whitin's, 3.
Yes.
Whitin's.
Whitin's, 3;
Kitson's, 2.
Whitin's, 2;
Kitson's, 3.

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Yes.
Whitin's.
3.

2.

3.

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Weighing.

Weighing; but Even

ers to be used.

Weighing.

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1 Trial, 6 oz. 12 dr.
18
8
8
66 7“ 8 "

7.“

8 "
3

8 " 8“

2 Trials, 7 oz.
15

8 dr.
6

8 “
1

8 " 8 “
1

9 " 1

9 " 8 "

12 "

Average, 10 oz.
Ex. var., 1 oz. 12 dr.

14 "

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11 different days.

50 Trials.

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1 Trial, 4 oz. 12 dr. 6

5 5" 2

5
66

5“ 10 “
5 “ 12
5"
6 "

6 € 2 66
5

6“ 4 “ 6

6 « 3

6 " 8 " 2

6" 4

6 "

12 " 3

6 " 14 “
3

7
5

7" 2“
5

4 "

7" 6 " 2

7"

8

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Average, 7 oz. 7 dr.
Ex. var., 1 oz. 12 dr.

Average, 7 oz. 12 dr.
Extreme var., 2oz. 8 dr.

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(KITSON'S LAPPER.)

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15 Trials, 8 oz.
9

8 “ 8 dr.
2

9

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Is Opener used? ... Yes.
Of whose Construction? Crighton's (double).
Are Break. Lap'rs used?

Yes.
Of whose Construction ? Whitin's.
Number of Beaters 3.
Are Fin. Lappers used?

Yes.
Of whose Construction? Whitin's.

Yes.
Sargent's.
Yes.
Whitin's.

Crighton's.
Yes.
Walker & Hacking's, 40 inch;
Whitin's, 30 inch.
Walker & Hacking's, 2;
Whitin's, 3.

Platt Bros. & Co.

2.

2.

2.

2.

Yes.

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Yes.

Yes.
Whitin's (old pattern). Whitin's.
1.

3.
1; 2 into 1.

2.

Walker & Hacking's;
Whitin's.
Walker & Hacking's, 2;
Whitin's, 3.
Each 2.

2.

3.

2.

2.

3.

3.

Weighing.

Both.

Weighing.

Weighing, but not dur. ing these experiments. No Eveners.

Walker & Hacking's Weighing;

Whiting's, Evener, Lord's old
patent.

Evener, Lord's latest

patent.

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6 Trials, 8 oz. 2 dr. 6 Trials, 2 oz. 12 dr. 9 8 “

9

7"
12
8 “ 6"

7

7 " 4
11
8 " 8

7

78 8 8 «

12 "
8
10"

7 "
2
8 " 12 "

8
2 8 ! 14 «

8 "

4 «
2
16

8 " 8
50 Trials.

1

8 " 12 « Average, 8 oz. 7 dr.

50 Trials.
Extreme var. 12 dr.

Average, 7 oz. 8 dr.
These trials from 40.

Extreme var., 2 oz.
inch new Lappers, start-
ed in new Mill. Regular

Lappers old and near
speed gives more correct ly past use. Laps taken
test than in old Mills.

at random from three
Lappers.

Trials on five succes.
sive days.

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(WALKER AND (WHITIN's 30-in.
HACKING's 40-in.

Lapper.)
Lapper.)
5 Trials, 8 oz. 4 dr. 1 Trial, 6 oz. 8 dr.
4

8 6 6 “ 5
2

8 " 8 " 7 7" 8"
8 " 10 "

7" 12 "
3
8 12 «

5
5

8 "
8" 14 "

4
1

8 "
9

4 "

12
5

8 "
9

8 « 2 "

1 66 6 916

8" 12 "
4 “

7
5
9" 666

2

95 3 9

4 " 8 " 2

10 " 3

9" 10" 1

9 " 12 " 50 Trials.
1

9 " 14 "
1 10 « 2 Aver'ge 8 oz. 3 dr.
1

4 “ Ex. var., 3 oz. 8 dr.
50 Trials.

On last series

speed was slow,
Average, 9 oz. which makes Laps
Ex. var., 2 oz. heavier.

66

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NAME OF MILLS.

Number of Beaters .
Number of Doublings
Is Weighing practised,

or an Evener used ?

RESULTS or EXPERIMENTS.

Average Weight of Yard Lengths.

Extreme Variation.

These trials made on
Beveral days, from four
machines at the same
time.

66

10 «

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