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JAMES W. WADSWORTH, JR., New York, Chairman FRANCIS E. WARREN, Wyoming.

DUNCAN U. FLETCHER, Florida. RALPH H. CAMERON, Arizona.

MORRIS SHEPPARD, Texas. DAVID A. REED, Pennsylvania.

WALTER F. GEORGE, Georgia. FRANK L. GREENE, Vermont.

LAWRENCE D. TYSON, Tennessee. HIRAM BINGHAM, Connecticut.

COLE L. BLEASE, South Carolina. W. H. MCMASTER, South Dakota.

JOSEPH T. ROBINSON, Arkansas. W. B. PINE, Oklahoma.

DANIEL F. STECK, Iowa. ARTHUR R. ROBINSON, Indiana.

W. A. DUVALL, Clerk

H. S. PITTS, Assistant Clerk
I

THE ARMY AIR SERVICE

MONDAY, MAY 10, 1926

UNITED STATES SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met, pursuant to call, at 2.30 o'clock p. m., in the committee room, Capitol, Senator James W. Wadsworth (chairman) presiding

Th AIRMAN. The committee will be in order. We have before us House bill 10827, “An act to provide more effectively for the national defense and increasing the efficiency of the Air Corps of the Army of the United States, and for other purposes.

The bill, as reported to the Senate, reads as follows:

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(H. R. 10827, Sixty-ninth Congress, first session] AN ACT To provide more effectively for the national defense by increasing the efficiency of the Air Corps

of the Army of the United States, and for other purposes

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Act entitled "An Act for making further and more effectual provision for the national defense, and for other purposes,' approved June 3, 1916, as amended, be, and the same is hereby, amended so that the Air Service referred to in that Act and in all subsequent Acts of Congress shall be known as the Air Corps.

SEC. 2. COMPOSITION OF THE AIR CORPS.—That section 13a of the Act entitled "An Act for making further and more effectual provision for the national defense, and for other purposes," approved June 3, 1916, as amended, be, and the same is hereby, amended by striking out the same and inserting the following in lieu thereof:

“SEC. 13a. Air CORPS.—There is hereby created an Air Corps. The Air Corps shall consist of one Chief of the Air Corps, with the rank of major general; three assistants, with the rank of brigadier general; one thousand five hundred and fourteen officers in grades from colonel to second lieutenant, inclusive; and sixteen thousand enlisted men, including not to exceed two thousand five hundred flying cadets, such part of whom as the President may direct being formed into tactical units or bands, organized as he may prescribe: Provided, That at least 90 per centum of the officers in each grade below that of brigadier general and at least two brigadier generals That, in time of peace, the Chief of the Air Corps, at least two brigadier generals and at least 90 per centum of the officers in each grade below that of brigadier general shall be flying officers: Provided further, That hereafter in time of peace in order to insure that the commissioned officers of the Air Corps shall be properly qualified flying officers and, for the purpose of giving officers of the Army an opportunity to so qualify, the Secretary of War is hereby authorized to detail to the Air Corps officers of all grades and such officers shall start flying training immediately upon being so detailed, but hereafter such officers shall not remain detailed to the Air Corps for a period in excess of one year or be permanently commissioned therein unless they qualify as flying officers, or are specifically recommended by the Chief of the Air Corps for longer detail or for permanent commission therein: And provided further, That nothing in this Act shall be construed to limit the number of officers in each grade that may be detailed to the Air Corps for training as flying officers except that the total numbers of officers allotted to the Air Corps shall not be exceeded.

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Flying units shall in all cases be commanded by flying officers. Wherever used in this Act a flying officer in time of peace is defined as one who has received an aeronautical rating as a pilot of service types of aircraft and who has town in heavier than air eraft a total of hot less than one hundred and and fifty hours, seventy five of which must be alone or who has fown in lighter than air eraft a total of not less than one hundred hours and has sueeessfully completed the course preseribed by competent authority and in time of war may include one an officer who has received an aeronautical rating as observer. Officers and enlisted men of the Army shall receive an increase of 50 per centum of their pay when by orders of competent authority they are required to participate regularly and frequently in aerial flights, and when in consequence of such orders they do participate in regular and frequent aerial flights as defined by such Executive orders as have heretofore been, or may hereafter be, promulgated by the President; and hereafter No person shall receive additional pay for aviation duty exeept as preseribed in this seetion: Provided, That nothing in this Act shall be construed as amending existing provisions of law relating to flying cadets. On and after July 1, 1929, and in time of peace, not less than 20 per centum of the total number of pilots emlpoyed in tactical units of the Air Corps shall be enlisted men, except when the Secretary of War shall determine that it is impractical to secure that number of enlisted pilots.

Enlisted men of AH grades in the Air Corpe who have demonstrated their fitness and shown that they possess the necessary technical qualifications therefor and are engaged upon the duties pertaining thereto may be rated as air meehanie, first elass, or air meehanie, second elass, under steh regulations as the Seeretary of War may preseribe. Each enlisted man while holding the rating of air mechanie, first elass, and performing the duties as such shalt receive an increase of 40 per centum of the pay of his grade, and each enlisted man while holding the rating of air meehanie, second elass, and performing the duties as sueh shall receive an inerease of 20 per eentum of the pay of his grade: Provided, That sueh Humber as the Seeretary of War may determine as necessary, not to exeeed 14 per centum of the total authorised enlisted strength of the Air Corps, shall be rated as air meebanies, first elass, or air meehanies, second elass, and that the number of enlisted men rated as air meehanies, first elass, shall be to the number of enlisted men rated as air mechanies, second elass, approximately in the ratio of one to two."

SEC. 3. TEMPORARY RANK FOR AIR CORPS OFFICERS.—When a shortage of field officers in the Air Corps exists the Secretary of War is hereby authorized, under such regulations as he may prescribe, to appoint officers of the Air Corps to temporary rank in the field grades, and while holding such temporary rank such officers shall be entitled to pay and allowances of the grade to which they are temporarily appointed: Provided, That such temporary rank is limited to one grade two grades above the permanent rank of the officer appointed: Provided further, That no officer shall be temporarily advanced in rank as contemplated in this section unless the Chief of the Air Corps certifies that no officers of suitable permanent rank are available for such assignment: And provided further, That no officer holding temporary rank under the provisions of this section shal be eligible to command outside of his own corps except by seniority under hi: permanent commission.

SEC. 4. CORRECTION OF PROMOTION LIST. —That the Secretary of War be, and he is hereby, directed to investigate and study the alleged injustices which exist in the promotion list of the Army and to submit to Congress on the second Monday in December, 1926, this study, together with his recommendations for changes, if any, in the present promotion list.

SEO5. Ar SBOTIONS OF THE GENERAL STAFF. That seetion 5 of the Aet entitled "An Aet for making further and more effeetual provision for the national defense, and for other purposes, approved June 8, 2016, as amended, be, and the same is hereby, amended by adding the following paragraph at the end thereof:

“There is hereby ereated each of the divisions of the War Department General Staff an Air Section, the duties of whieh shall be to consider and recommend proper setion on seh air matters as may be referred to sueh division,

SEC, 6 5. FLYING PAY.That section 20 of the Act of June 10, 1922 (Fortysecond Statutes, page 632), as amended, be, and the same is hereby, amended by striking out the same and inserting the following in lieu thereof:

“Sec. 20. That all officers, warrant officers, and enlisted men of all branches of the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard, when by orders of competent authority they are required to participate regularly and frequently in aerial flights, and when in consequence of such orders they do participate in regular and frequent flights as defined by such Executive orders as have hereto

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