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ductive of results. Post-graduate study and research literally began in this country at the Johns Hopkins University; and what has been done elsewhere has been chiefly owing to the initiative and leadership of that institution.

President Dabney of the University The Washington Memorial of Tennessee, in speaking of the Institution. Washington Memorial Institution last month, assured us that in his opinion it would be a greater educational agency ten years hence than the University of Berlin. Dr. Dabney was jubilant, and was expressing his enthusiasm rather than attempting exact forecasts. Yet he would be ready, doubtless, to make a serious defense of his prediction. Elsewhere in this number, Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler, of Columbia University, has at our request explained to our readers just what the Washington Memorial Institution is designed to do. It was a happy coincidence that as President Gilman was retiring from a meeting of the board of directors of the Johns Hopkins University, in which he had been participating in the choice of his successor, he was met by a committee of the trustees of the new Washington Memorial Institution, whose object it was to inform him that he had been unanimously chosen as the man to initiate and direct its work. The new institution will be under the auspices of the leading universities and higher technical schools of the country, with the active aid and participation of all the departments and bureaus at Washington, including not only the scientific and technical establishments and agencies of the Government, but also great institutions

THE COLLEGE GRADUATE OF 1901: "The world is mine!" From the North American (Philadelphia).

like the Congressional Library, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Museum. It will enroll hundreds of students in the coming year, and thousands in the near future. The plan, as finally worked out, has come quite as much from experienced heads of the Government's scientific work as from the university leaders outside. The advisory board will include the President and Cabinet, and other high officials. President Gilman is to be congratulated upon the great national opportunity for usefulness that lies before him.



Apart from the organization of the Educational Washington Memorial Institution, the most significant new undertaking in the educational world is perhaps the founding of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research. This enterprise is not to be carried on in rivalry with existing medical colleges, but is to coöperate with them all in the field of special and extended investigation. Its headquarters will be in New York, but the president of the board of directors is at present Dr. William H. Welch, of the Johns Hopkins University, of Baltimore, the secretary being Dr. L. Emmett Holt, of New York. The other members of the board are men of like prominence in New York, Philadelphia, and Bos


Mr. Rockefeller has advanced $200,000 for immediate or early expenditure, with more to come. President Schurman announced at Cornell on June 19 that Mr. Rockefeller had offered that university a gift of a quarter of a million dollars on condition that an equal amount should be subscribed by others. Brown University has received the equivalent of more than a million in the form of the famous John Carter Brown Library, with money for building and endowment. Many smaller gifts to various universities and institutions have been announced from the commencement platforms. The Rev. Dr. Richard D. Harlan, of Rochester, N. Y., has accepted the presidency of Lake Forest University, near Chicago. He is one of the sons of Justice Harlan of the Supreme Court. The principal colleges for women are showing exceptional growth, and the graduating class at Smith College numbered 254, which is the largest class ever graduated from any woman's college. Vassar's largest class, numbering 142, also graduated last month. American colleges and universities were never before in such close relation to the practical life of the country, and the great army of new graduates will find plenty of good work to do, and will be the better fitted for that work, as well as for all the opportunities, duties, and pleasures of life, by reason of the superior educational advantages that they have enjoyed.

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lish literary men, Sir Walter Besant and Rob W. Buchanan, passed away early in June. Ea of these writers had visited the United Stat but the American public is probably more miliar with the work of Sir Walter Besant, es] cially his famous story, All Sorts and Conditio of Men," than with the poems and criticisms Mr. Buchanan. In recent years, Sir Walter h been more actively occupied with his great wo of studying and recording the history of Lond section by section, than in the writing of ficti On the day when the Bismarck statue was bei unveiled occurred the funeral of Count Willia von Bismarck, the second son of the Iron Cha cellor, in the fiftieth year of his age. The Re Dr. Joseph F. Tuttle, who died at Crawfordsvil Ind., in his eighty-third year, had in his day be one of the most influential and useful educators the Mississippi Valley, and was for thirty yea




only recently retired from official station. Pingree was born and grew up in Maine, and served through the Civil War, after which he removed to the West and made his home in Detroit. For a time he worked at his trade in a shoe factory, and soon became a shoe manufacturer on his own account, building up a very large business. As a man of rugged energy and great independence of character, his entry into politics as a candidate for the mayoralty of Detroit marked an era in the history of the State. He served four successive terms as mayor and two as governor, and, quite apart from specific achievements, he lifted public life out of mere party ruts and gave a forcible example of the influence that a successful business man may wield in public office. Ex-Representative Boutelle, of Maine, had been for several years incapacitated by illness for service in Congress, and, in fact, had never taken his seat in the Fifty-seventh Congress, to which he had been elected. Mr. Boutelle's record at Washington had been a long and honorable one. Mr. Edward Moran, the artist, and Mr. James A. Herne, the actor and playwright, had won distinction in their respective professions, and were still in active life. Two well-known Eng


president of Wabash College. The Hon. Hira Price, of Iowa, who lived to be eighty-seven year old, and who had served many years in Congres and as a commissioner of Indian affairs, was a excellent type of the useful citizen and honor able man of affairs.


(From May 21 to June 18, 1901.)

POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT-AMERICAN. May 22.-The Alabama Constitutional Convention meets and effects a permanent organization.... Five cadets of the graduating class at the United States Military Academy are dismissed, and six suspended, for insubordination.

May 23.-The election of members of the Virginia Constitutional Convention results in the return of a large Democratic majority.

May 25.-Senators Tillman and McLaurin, of South Carolina, resign their seats as the result of a joint debate, and demand reëlection.

May 27.-The United States Supreme Court renders its decision in the insular test cases, declaring that duties collected prior to the passage of the Porto Rican tariff law were illegal and must be refunded, but that the law itself is constitutional.

May 28.-Ex-Governor Oates, in the Constitutional Convention of Alabama, offers an ordinance on the suffrage question....The city of New Orleans recovers possession of the wharves and public landings, controlled for the past twenty-five years by private corporations ....The United States Supreme Court adjourns until October.

May 30.-President McKinley and his party return to Washington after their trip to the Pacific coast.

May 31.-Governor McSweeney of South Carolina declines to accept the resignations of Senators Tillman and McLaurin.... The New York City Republican organization declares in favor of anti-Tammany union and for direct primary nominations.

June 1.-The Nationalist party elects Señor Miguel Gener Mayor of Havana, and a large majority of the Municipal Council.

June 3.-Senator McLaurin, of South Carolina, agrees to withdraw his resignation of his seat.

June 4.-The Havana Municipal Council unanimously rejects the Dady bid (approximately $14,000,000) for the sewering and paving contract....The United States Treasury Department issues an order forbidding the entrance to the port of New York of immigrants afflicted with pulmonary tuberculosis, on the ground that it is a dangerous contagious disease.

June 5.-Senator Tillman, of South Carolina, withdraws his resignation, on the ground that the purpose for which it was tendered has been thwarted.

June 7.-Governor Stone of Pennsylvania signs the rapid-transit bills passed by the Legislature.

June 11.-President McKinley issues a statement declaring that he will not be a candidate for a third term under any circumstances.... The Alabama Constitutional Convention adopts the first part of the new constitution.

June 12-The United States battleship Illinois, on her trial trip, makes a record of 17.31 knots an hour for four hours.... Fourteen ordinances granting valuable street-railway franchises are passed by the Philadelphia Council.

June 13.-The new United States mint at Philadelphia is accepted for the Government by Secretary Gage .... Although John Wanamaker offers to give $2,500,000 for the franchises conferred by the Philadelphia streetrailway ordinances for no consideration to the city, Mayor Ashbridge signs the ordinances as passed by the Council....William D. Jelks succeeds William J. Samford, deceased, as Governor of Alabama.

June 15.-President McKinley reappoints Gov. Miguel A. Otero of New Mexico....The United States Philippine Commission appoints seven Supreme Court judges, with Señor Arellano as Chief Justice.

VISCOUNT KATSURA. (Japan's new premier.)


May 22.-The Russian loan is heavily oversubscribed at Paris banks....It is announced that Arabi Pasha, the Egyptian rebel who was banished to Ceylon in 1882, has been pardoned....The Swedish Parliament adopts the compromise on the army-reorganization bill of the government.

May 23.-The Canadian Parliament is prorogued.


May 24.-Sir Alfred Milner arrives in London from South Africa, is received by the King, and is created a peer.... The recent rising in Algeria is debated in the French Chamber of Deputies.

May 25.-The Norwegian Parliament confers the franchise on women taxpayers.

May 26.-The Spanish elections result in the return of 120 Ministerialists and 30 members of the opposition. May 27.-The Russian minister of the interior forbids the publication of the Novoe Vremyd for one week.

June 1.-A daughter is born to the King and Queen of Italy....In a British parliamentary by-election in Essex the Liberal candidate is returned by a greatly in creased majority.

June 4.-Mr. Robert Reid consents to surrender his Newfoundland telegraph lines to the government and to revise his land-grants.... The Marquis de Sur-Saluces, a well-known French loyalist, is arrested at Paris.

June 6.-After considerable debate, the British House of Commons grants the sum of £15,779,000 to be expended by the War Office for transports and remounts ....The civil committee of inquiry into the business methods of the British War Office makes its report to Parliament.

June 11.-The Queen Regent opens the Spanish Cortes for the last time, as the regency terminates in 1902.


June 12.-The German battleship Zachringen is launched at Kiel, in the presence of Emperor William .... Many political arrests are reported from Poland.

June 13. The British Government's financial expert, Sir David Barbour, recommends that the Transvaal mines be taxed £450,000 yearly to help defray the cost of the war.

June 17.-It is announced that Russia has decided to renew the leases of the Commander and Tulery Islands in the North Pacific.

June 18.-A fourth daughter is born to the Czar and Czarina of Russia.


May 28.-By a vote of 15 to 14, the Cuban Constitutional Convention adopts the Platt amendment, with certain explanatory additions, as an appendix to the Cuban constitution.

May 30.-Queen Wilhelmina of Holland and her consort arrive in Germany on a visit to Emperor William.

May 31.-The United States Government rejects the Cuban Constitutional Convention's acceptance of the Platt amendment and insists on an unqualified acceptance of the terms of the amendment.

June 8.-Austro-Hungarian hostility to Italian interests in the Balkans is discussed in the Italian Parliament.

June 10.-A special embassy from the Sultan of Morocco is received by King Edward and Queen Alexandra at London.

June 11.-Ambassador White, at Berlin, authorizes the statement that the United States and Germany have a full and amicable understanding concerning Margarita Island.

June 12.-The Cuban Constitutional Convention, by a vote of 16 to 11, 4 members being absent, accepts the Platt amendment without qualification.

June 14.-Signor Prinetti, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, explains in the Chamber of Deputies that Italy is seeking cordial relations with the Latin-American states and announces Italy's intention to open commer


(Actor and playwright.)

cial negotiations with the United States and Russia.

June 17. The Chilean Claims Commission announces its decision of the Itata case in favor of the United States ....United States Minister Loomis is transferred from Venezuela to Portugal; Herbert W. Bowen, recently appoint

ed Minister to Persia, goes to Venezuela, being succeeded in Persia by Lloyd C. Gris



(A well-known English writer.)

June 18.-Russia gives notice to the United States o an increase in the duties on bicycles and naval stores Secretary Gage protests.


May 22.-Fighting takes place between German troop and the Chinese.... Two cases of smallpox occur among the Indian troops in China.

May 27.-The British indemnity proposals are viewed with increasing favor by the other powers.

May 28.-The German Emperor issues an order for the return of Count von Waldersee and the reduction o German troops in China.... Plague is serious at Hong kong, there being 187 deaths in one week.

June 3.-There is a great military display at Peking on the occasion of the departure of Count von Walder see....Nine companies of the Ninth United States Regiment return to Manila from China.

June 5.-General Chaffee arrives at Manila from China.

June 18.-The foreign ministers decline to permit Chi nese soldiers in Peking.


MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA. May 22.-Plague breaks out at Port Elizabeth.... Five hundred Boer prisoners arrive at Bombay to be sent to Ahmednagar.

May 25.-The Boers attack the convoy of General Plumer's column and destroy half of it.

May 27.-The Boers near Cradock advance south to ward Maraisburg; they capture a post of 41 British of the Midland Mounted Rifles.



(King Edward VII. was on board the yacht, but escaped injury.)

May 28.-The Boers are active in the Tarkastad district....Two farmers are tried by court-martial at Cradock.

May 29.-Delarey attacks General Dixon's brigade of the Seventh Battalion of Yeomanry near Vlakfontein; the British lose 6 officers and 51 men killed and 6 officers and 115 men wounded.

June 3.-Seven hundred Boers under Commandant Scheeper attack the town of Willowmore, Cape Colony, but are repulsed after a nine hours' fight.

June 6.-Colonel Wilson, with 240 of General Kitchener's scouts, surprises and routs 400 Boers belonging to Beyer's command, 34 miles west of Warm Baths; the Boers leave 37 dead, 100 prisoners, and 8,000 cattle, with wagons and supplies, in the hands of the British, who lose 3 men killed and 15 wounded....General Elliot's column engages De Wet near Reitz, capturing wagons, rifles, ammunition, and cattle; British and Boers lose heavily.

June 12.-Boers surprise and capture 200 men of the Victorian Mounted Rifles in camp at Steenkoolspruit, killing 2 officers and 16 men.

OTHER OCCURRENCES OF THE MONTH. May 21.-The Belgian glassworkers' strike terminates ....The America's Cup-defender Constitution has her first trial.

May 22.-Sir Thomas Lipton's yacht Shamrock II., challenger for the America's Cup, has all her spars carried away in a squall on the Solent, while King Edward is on board....The prisoner Bresci, assassin of King Humbert of Italy, commits suicide in San Stefano prison.

May 23.-The volcano of Keloet, in Java, is in eruption: great loss of life is reported.

May 24.-As the result of an explosion in the Universal Colliery, in the Aber Valley, South Wales, between 70 and 80 men lose their lives.

May 25.-Fire in a Prussian mine causes the death of 21 miners.

May 27.-The Presbyterian General Assembly at Philadelphia adopts a resolution providing for a committee to draft a statement of faith to be presented to next year's assembly at New York.... The Coöperative Congress opens at Middlesborough, England.

May 28.-The British expedition in Somaliland, East Africa, against the Mad Mullah fights a sharp action, capturing 5,000 head of cattle and cutting off the Mullah's base of supplies.

May 29.-L. F. Loree is chosen president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad to succeed John K. Cowen, resigned....The Socialist Congress at Lyons closes.

May 30.-The Hall of Fame of New York University is opened.

June 1.-Announcement is made of Mr. John D. Rockefeller's intention to establish in New York City the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research.

June 3.-Prof. Ira Remsen is elected president of the Johns Hopkins University, to succeed Dr. Daniel C. Gilman, resigned.... W. H. Newman is elected president of the New York Central Railroad.

June 5.-The horse Volodyovski, leased by William C. Whitney, of New York, wins the English Derby.... Delegates of the New York Chamber of Commerce are entertained by the London Chamber.

June 7.-Andrew Carnegie transfers to trustees for the benefit of the Scotch universities $10,000,000 in 5-percent. United States Steel Corporation bonds, half of the income to be used to increase the facilities of the universities in specified branches, and the other half to pay fees and assist students in other ways.

June 8.-A tornado destroys lives and property in Oklahoma Territory.

June 10.-In an engagement with Filipino insurgents near Lipa, in Luzon, Capt. Anton Springer, Jr., U. S. A.,

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