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mother of the present Kaiser. She was a woman
of wide attainments, noble character, and great
influence for good. Next month we shall pub-
lish a more extended account of her career. The
second of these three topics is the return of
Count von Waldersee from China. In the opin
ion of the German
newspapers, as
well as of the out-
side world, Wal-
dersee's return has
been made a mat-
ter of too much
pomp and cere-
mony. His speech-
es have been in-
discreet, boastful,
and positively of-
fensive in their
allusions to other
nations. The Em-
peror has personal
credit for the de-
sign of a medal to
commemorate the
Chinese expedition


which has been distributed to the returning troops. The third of these German topics is the new tariff bill, which involves the surrender of the German Government to the demands of the landholding class, and which is intended to shut out not only American food products, but also those of Russia and other neighboring countries. The Government and people of the United States have not shown the slightest degree of annoyance over this tariff, holding that Germany has a perfect right to arrange her schedules to suit herself. But Russia is greatly irritated, while Austria advocates similar tariffs on the part of all European countries,

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with reciprocity treaties among themselves, in order to shut out American food supplies.

In the Netherlands, as a result of the Premier Kuyper, elections held in June, a new minisof Holland. try has at last been formed under the leadership of Dr. Abraham Kuyper. It will be remembered that the elections were won by a coalition of Catholics and Protestants against the Liberal party on the question of religious instruction in the public schools. Dr. Kuyper, the new premier, is better known outside of Holland as a theologian than as a politician. Three years ago he lectured on Calvinism at Princeton, and within the past year his famous work on "The Holy Spirit" has received an English translation. For nearly thirty years, Dr. Kuyper has been editor of De Standard, an influential daily newspaper. He has long been the head of the anti-revolutionists" in the lower house of the States-General, and now this ultra-Calvinist, by an alliance with the ultra Catholic element, has succeeded in driving the Dutch Liberals from power. It is distinctly a triumph of the Clericals," and from the American point of view it indicates decidedly reactionary tendencies.



Matters in The formaDenmark,

Belgium, and tion of a Italy. Radical

ministry under the premiership of M. Deuntzer has been the absorbing topic in Denmark. We shall publish an interesting article next month giving an account of this remarkable political revolution. In Belgium, the Congo Bill was passed through the Senate by a vote of 54 to 6. The acquisition of the Congo Free State will make Belgium an important factor in African affairs. The old-age pensions act of the Belgian Government has just gone into operation with 175,000 applications of people past the age of sixty-five, for the small pension. which amounts to about twenty-five cents per week in American money. In Italy, the death of Crispi is to be noted. We are holding until next month a sketch of his career from the pen of a well-known Italian writer. Governmental machinery in Italy has been working with a good deal of friction since the Zanardelli ministry came into office.



(From July 19 to August 18, 1901.)


July 23.-Governor Allen, of Porto Rico, resigns his office; Secretary William H. Hunt is chosen as his suc


July 24.-Secretary Long promptly grants the request of Rear-Admiral Schley, U.S.N., for a court of inquiry into his conduct in the Spanish-American War.

July 25.-President McKinley, on the anniversary of the American occupation of the island, proclaims free trade between Porto Rico and the United States and the organization of civil government in Porto Rico.... The South Carolina Democratic State Executive Committee reads Senator McLaurin out of the Democratic party.

July 26.-Secretary Long orders a court of inquiry to meet at Washington on September 12 to examine into Admiral Schley's conduct in the Spanish War.

July 29.-An electoral bill is submitted to the Cuban constitutional convention.... Drawings for lands in the

Kiowa and Comanche reservations, Oklahoma, opened to settlement by the Government, are begun.

July 30.-The Alabama constitutional convention, by a vote of 109 to 23, adopts the so-called "grandfather clause," permitting all descendants of soldiers in any war to register and become life electors at any time prior to January 1, 1903.

August 1.-Maryland Democrats declare for control of the State by white voters.

August 6.-It is announced that Admiral Dewey and Rear-Admirals Benham and Howison, retired, will constitute the Schley court of inquiry....Maryland Republicans denounce the policy of ex-Senator Gorman (Dem.). August 7.-Iowa Republicans nominate A. B. Cummins for governor.

August 14.-The Cuban constitutional convention adopts a plan of minority representation for Presidential electors....Virginia Democrats nominate A. J. Montague for governor....Lieut -Gen. Nelson A. Miles

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issues a general order looking to the improvement of general conditions in the army.

August 15.-Pennsylvania Democrats adopt a platform devoted to State issues.


July 19.-Under an agreement concluded between Premier Bond, of Newfoundland, and Contractor Reid, the railroads, lands, and telegraph lines held by Mr. Reid are transferred to the government....Lord Rosebery gives his views of the British Liberal party.

July 21.-In many French departmental elections the party in power makes slight gains.

July 22.-Premier Bond introduces the new railway bill in the Newfoundland Assembly; the government obtains 3,135,000 acres of land accruing to Contractor Reid for $850,000.

July 23.-Professor Deuntzer forms a radical cabinet in Denmark.

July 25.-Don Jerman Riesco is proclaimed President of Chile.

July 26.-The new German tariff published at Berlin shows large increase in duties affecting American goods ....A new Chinese foreign office is created, with Prince Ching as president.

July 27.-Dr. Kuyper forms a new ministry in Holland.

July 31.-The British House of Commons votes a grant of £100,000 to Lord Roberts.

August 1.-The resignation of the Venezuelan minister of war, Señor Pulido, is announced.

August 7.-The British House of Commons adopts closure rules to apply to recent obstructive tactics of the minority.

August 8.-Under the operation of the new closure rule, the British House of Commons votes estimates amounting to more than £67,000,000, in classes.

August 12.-The British Government is defeated in the House of Commons by a vote of 163 to 141 on a factory bill amendment; Home Secretary Ritchie announces that the government will accept the decision.

August 13.-The British House of Commons passes the factory bill to a third reading.

August 16.-The population of the Dominion of Canada, according to the new census, is 5,338,883—an increase of less than 10% per cent. in ten years.

August 17.-The British Parliament is prorogued.... General Plaza is declared elected President of Ecuador.


July 22.-It is announced that a definite plan for China's payment of indemnity to the powers has been agreed on; this contemplates the entire liquidation of principal and interest by 1940, China to raise 23,000,000 taels annually for this purpose.

July 23.-Russia demands certain concessions from Turkey in the way of coaling-stations.

July 25.-Chile claims the privilege of accepting or rejecting changes in the programme of the Pan-American Congress to be held in Mexico in October next.

July 26.-The min sters of the powers at Peking formally accept Chin offer to pay 450,000,000 taels, as indemnity, at 41 cent. interest.

July 27.-Russia renews her demand on Turkey that the arrest of Servians at Albania be stopped.

August 2.-The new minister from the Argentine Republic to the United States, Señor Garcia Meru, arrives at Washington.

August 4.-An invasion of Venezuela by Colombians is reported to have been successfully repelled by the Venezuelan troops.

August 7.-On account of the Colombian uprising, the United States gunboat Machias is ordered to Colon.

August 9.-A second force of Colombians invades Venezuela.

August 11.-Diplomatic relations between Colombia and Venezuela are broken off, Colombia's interests being intrusted to the United States chargé d'affaires at Caracas.

August 12.-The representatives of the powers at Peking agree that wheat and flour shall be admitted to China free of duty.

August 14.-Russia's suzerainty over the province of Newchwang, China, is proclaimed.

August 17.-The United States gunboats Ranger and Machias sail for Panama and Colon, respectively; invasion of Venezuela by Dr. Rangal Garviros is reported. MILITARY OPERATIONS IN SOUTH AFRICA. July 24.-Cornelius J. Classen, at Somerset, East, and Petrus Klopper, at Burghersdorp, two men named Ja


(The young Brazilian who has sailed around the Eiffel Tower at Paris in an airship of his own invention.)

cobs and Jooste at Middelburg, and two men at Kenhardt, are executed by the British as rebels... Thirteen Boers are sentenced to imprisonment for life, and two to a fine and ten years, respectively, by the military court at Dordrecht.

July 26.-General Benson prevents Commander Viljoen crossing the mountain pass near Dullstroom; the Boers are obliged to abandon sixteen wagons.

July 28.-British force attacked by Boers in Zululand.

July 29.-Information from Lord Kitchener as to the shooting of wounded men by the Boers at Vlakfontein is published.

August 7.-Lord Kitchener issues a proclamation warning the Boers in arms that unless they surrender by September 15 they will be banished from South Africa....A blockhouse near Brandfort, in the Orange River Colony, is rushed and captured by the Boers, after severe fighting.

August 12.-Lord Kitchener reports 39 Boers killed, 20 wounded, 685 taken prisoners, 85 surrendered, together with the capture of 24,400 rounds of ammunition, 754 wagons, 5,580 horses, and large quantities of stock, since August 5.

August 16.-General Kitchener reports the capture of 50 of General French's scouts by the Boers in Cape Colony.



July 21.-The strike of the stationary firemen in the Pennsylvania coal regions is declared off.... The workers in the steel tube works at McKeesport, Pa., are organized by the Amalgamated Association.

July 22.-Fifty thousand tailors in New York City go on strike.

July 27.-J. P. Morgan meets President Shaffer, of the Amalgamated Association, in a conference on the steel strike.

July 30.-Men employed on the San Francisco wharves go on strike.

July 31.-Cutters and ironers employed in the shirt and collar mills at Troy, N. Y., go on strike.

August 3.-After a conference between Mr. J. P. Morgan, Mr. Schwab, and other representatives of the United States Steel Corporation, and President Shaffer and his associates on the executive board of the Amalgamated Association, it is announced that no settlement can be had.

August 6.-A general strike of the members of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel, and Tin Workers employed by the United States Steel Corporation is ordered to take effect at the close of work on August 10. August 7.-The National Tube Company's employees at the Shenango plant obey President Shaffer's order to strike.

August 8.-The United States Steel Corporation opens two mills that had been closed by the strike.

August 9.-The United States Steel Corporation orders the Dewees Wood plant at McKeesport, Pa., removed to Kiskiminetas Valley....The American Federation of Labor pledges its support to the steel workers in their strike.

August 10.-The Amalgamated Association's order for a general strike is obeyed by about 14,000 employees of the United States Steel Corporation; the executive board of the United Mine Workers indorses the strike and pledges aid.

August 12.-The cotton manufacturers of Fall River, Mass., unanimously vote to reduce wages to a basis of 17 cents for weaving-a cut of 14 per cent., to go into effect on September 3.

August 14.-The National Tube Works at McKeesport, Pa., are compelled to close on account of the steel workers' strike; two of the United States Steel Corporation's mills are reopened.

August 15.-The employees at the Joliet mills of the Illinois Steel Company vote to obey President Shaffer's strike order.

August 17.-The employees of the Illinois Steel Company at the Bay View Rolling Mills, Milwaukee, vote to obey President Shaffer's strike order.


July 21.-The temperature at Chicago reaches 103 acgrees F., and at St. Louis 108 degrees.

July 22.-An international congress on tuberculosis is opened in London.

July 23.-Dr. Robert Koch delivers an address before the Tuberculosis Congress in London (see page 324).... The freedom of the city of London is presented to Lord Milner.

July 24.-The Filipino insurgent leader, General Zur

Photos by Aimé Dupont.

MR. EVELYN B. BALDWIN. MR. WILLIAM ZIEGLER. (The leader and patron of the latest American Arctic expedition.)

bano, 29 officers, and 518 men surrender to the American troops in Tayabas province, Luzon.... The drought, in many parts of the American corn belt, is broken by rains.

July 25.-As the result of an explosion at Batum, 35 are killed.

July 26.-The Tuberculosis Congress in London adjourns, after adopting resolutions calling for a government inquiry into the identity of human and bovine tuberculosis.

July 27.-The steamer Midland Queen sails from Manchester, England, for Chicago direct.... The new battleship Maine is launched at Philadelphia.

July 29.-Memorial services are held in Italy on the anniversary of King Humbert's assassination. August 1.-A balloon ascension of 33,500 feet is made by Dr. Suering Berson, of Berlin, Germany.

August 2.-The stallion Cresceus trots a mile in 2:24 at Columbus, Ohio.

August 6.-The British exploring ship Discovery leaves England for Antarctic waters.

August 8.-After circumnavigating the Eiffel Tower, Santos-Dumont's airship is wrecked at Paris (see page 340)....Serious business failures are reported from Ger


August 11.-The German steamer Gauss, with an Antarctic expedition, under Prof. Ehrich von Drygalski, on board, sails from Kiel.

August 14.-By the burning of a waterworks crib at Cleveland 12 lives are lost.

August 15.-A storm does great damage at New Orleans, Mobile, and other points along the Gulf coast.... The steamer Islander, belonging to the Canadian Pacific Navigation Company, strikes an iceberg near Douglas Island, near Juneau, Alaska, and quickly goes to the bottom; 65 lives are lost.


July 19.-Miss Eleanor A. Ormerod, the English entomologist, 73.

July 20.-Mrs. Krüger, wife of the former president of the South African Republic, 67.... Alfred Van Santvoord, president of the Hudson River Day Line of steamers, 82.

THE LATE BISHOP LITTLEJOHN. (Of the Protestant Episcopal Diocese of Long Island.)

July 21.-Brig. Gen. Samuel T. Cushing, U.S.A., retired, 62.

July 22.-John Henderson, the Glasgow shipbuilder, 55....Col. Albert Jenks, an American portrait painter, 75....Baron H. de Laceze Duthiers, the zoologist, 80.... Sir Richard Southey, of Cape Town, 92.

July 24.-Dr. Joshua Miller, a student of prehistoric races in the Southwest, 55.... Ex-Chief Justice John W. Champlin, of the Michigan Supreme Court, 70.... E. W. Hawley, a well-known Sunday-school worker, 71.

July 25.-Thaddeus Hyatt, antislavery agitator and follower of John Brown, 85....George K. Lawton, of the United States Naval Observatory, 28.

July 27.-Rev. Brooke Foss Westcott, Bishop of Durham, England, 76.

July 28.-Rear-Admiral John Irwin, U.S.N., retired, 69.... ...James G. Clarke, editor of the Christian World, London, 46.

July 29.-Paul Alexis, the French novelist, 54.... Rev. Adam Miller, often called the father of the German Methodist Church in the United States, 91....George H. Yenowine, a well-known Milwaukee newspaper man, 46.

July 30.-Prof. Herbert Baxter Adams, 51 (see page 321.).... Bishop John Moore, of St. Augustine, Fla., 66 ....Desider von Szilagyi, former minister of justice and president of the lower house of Hungary....Col. William Eliot Barrows, president of the Welsbach Light Company, 50.

July 31.-Prof. Charles A. Schott, of the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, 75.

August 1.-Hans Luding Forshell, formerly Swedish minister of finance....Israel M. Parr, one of the oldschool Baltimore merchants, 79.

August 2.-Ex-Congressman John Davis, of Kansas, 74....George W. Ranck, the Kentucky historian, 60.

August 3.-Rt. Rev. Abram Newkirk Littlejohn, 'Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Long Island, 76.... William V. B. Beach, known as the Father of the British House of Commons.

August 4.-Charles Harry Eaton, American landscape painter, 51.

August 5.-Dowager Empress Frederick of Germany, 61.... Prof. Sidney Sherwood, of the Johns Hopkins University, 41.... Charles H. Hayden, a Massachusetts painter of landscapes, 45.

August 6.-William Cecil Price, United States Treasurer under President Buchanan, 86.

August 7.-Josiah J. Hawes, of Boston, said to have been the oldest photographer in the world, 94.

August 8.-Gen. Oreste Barattieri, who commanded the Italian troops at the battle of Adowah, 61.... Ex-Gov. William A. Newell, of New Jersey, 84.

August 9.-Gen. Richard L. Page, of Virginia, 93.... Prince Henri d'Orleans, 34.

August 10.-Tilly Haynes, a prominent American hotel proprietor, 74.

August 11.-Ex-Premier Francesco Crispi, of Italy, 82. August 12.-Baron Adolf Erik Nordenskjöld, the Swedish naturalist and Arctic explorer, 69.

August 14.-Sir William Laird, the Scottish ironmaster, 71....Wilbur J. Chamberlin, staff correspondent of the New York Sun, 35....Commander Frederick M. Wise, U.S.N.

August 18.-M. Edmond Audran, the French composer, 59.

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