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Again, the Colonel says:

purpose, which is apparent in the message and was displayed valor which, though unavailing, has “ It would be impossible for our troops to remain here

documents: to blot, blur, and disfigure those pages never been surpassed. with Mexican civil officers, for we should have to interpose in the history of the country on which are recorded From these are my constituents descended, and in their squabbles, which would make them serious mat- the brilliant administration of President Polk. of their stock they need never be ashamed; and

During the last session, Mr. Chairman, in de- || should the army be withdrawn from New Mexico, Whether the " which would make them serious fense of Governor Calhoun, and incidentally of as Colonel Sumner proposes, and the people supmatters" is intended as the reason for or the con- the people of New Mexico, I made a speech, much || plied with arms, and but half the amount now nesequence of the interposition, does not appear. But of which, as reported on that occasion, was not cessary to maintain the troops there, be for a few when did it become one of the duties of the mili- | delivered in the House. I was interrupted by the || years appropriated for the support of volunteers tary to interpose in civil squabbles ? I will not Speaker's hammer. The portion I now read was from New Mexico, my constituents will demondwell on this point.

not said in the heat of debate, but calmly written strate that they are not unworthy sons of noble One of the remarks in the proconsul letter in- in the closet:

sires. duces me to imagine, and I am sorry so to do,


“ I cannot close my remarks without saying a few words I commend this proposition to general attention. that the gallant Colonel has not been as discreet

of denial of the charges which have been directed against It is economical,' which should commend it to as his friends would desire, in the selection of his

the people I represent. Should I close my remarks with
out speaking in their behalf, I would be unmindful of the

Congress, and it will meet with great favor in female acquaintances in New Mexico. His accourtesies, and kindness, and hospitality, I have invariably

New Mexico, as, if carried out, it would at once quaintances have been injudiciously selected and he received in every part of New Mexico, and be unworthy to relieve the people from the molestations of the has generalized too much. I remember reading of represent a people who, with frankness and confidence,

army, and they would soon relieve themselves a Chinese savant, who, while traveling in England,

have trusted to me to represent their true condition, and
promote their interest and happiness. The people of New

from those of the Indians. before the days of steam, was rowed across the Mexico have been represented as entertaining feelings of

I have said my constituents are a proud, reserved, Thames in a wherry, by a man who had lost a deadly hostility towards native-born citizens of the United and sensitive people. You can readily imagine, leg. In handing out the baggage of the Chinese,

States, which makes their lives unsafe in New Mexico-that
the New Mexicans are on the very eve of revolt against the

Mr. Chairman, that their reserve and sensitivethe boatman put his wooden leg in the water and Government of the United States. So help me Heaven,

ness have not been diminished by the war which kept his natural foot on the dry land. The Chi- Mr. Speaker, this is all untrue. I assert it to be untrue on resulted in the transfer of their country and allenese, struck with the convenience of the thing, my responsibility as a representative, and honor as a gen- giance. Think you, sir, that a man whose every communicated to the brother of the Sun and Moon,

tleman. Were it true, the Governor of New Mexico had attitude is an assumption of superiority, and every

long since exposed it, and I would not be here as the repthat in England he had observed a practice which resentative of such a people. But these are my assertions

gesture an indication of contempt, will ever be admight be introduced with advantage into the em- -I would convince your reason."

mitted into the hearts of such a people?-that he pire-he referred to the employment of the wooden- “The picture which has been presented of my constituents can ever see their good qualities? 'No, sir! he will legged men in rowing the boats. He concluded

by the old adherents of the military government, is false in
coloring, and untrue in details. I have never met in any

meet cold politeness and dignified reserve, but by saying, that he would not presume to suggest part of the United States, people more hospitable, more

catch no glímpse of the hearts or domestic life of whether it would be best to order the wooden law-abiding, more kind, more generous, more desirous of

such a people. legged men into the boat business, or to cut off a improvement."

There is another view of the outrage of which leg of those already engaged in it. The Chinese Mr. Chairman, were I to arrive in Las Vegas, the people of New Mexico have been the subjects, generalized; so has Sumner-the Chinese commu- the frontier village of New Mexico, hungry and to which I will draw your attention. The letter nicated his generalization to his Government; so athirst, on foot and in rags, without money in my of Colonel Sumner, which has been adopted by has Sumner.

purse, I would knock with confidence at the doors, || this Administration, and which has been read by This man, Mr. Chairman, is just what I have and my wants would be supplied. Few in all the the Clerk, is the report of an officer of the Army, represented him to be-gallant, stupid, and gener-Territory would turn me from their doors. When not about military matters, but is chiefly devoted alizing.

I continued my journey, sir, it would no longer to giving an account of the character and habits But, Mr. Chairman, for the continuance of the || be on foot, it would no longer be in rage; my needs of the people among whom he happened to be quarrel between the military and the civil power would all be supplied, and without money and with stationed. in New Mexico, I hold this Administration respon- out price, I could travel throughout the country. Sir, in the year 1848, during the administration sible. That the military, or some of them, have Many times my entertainment might be simple of President Polk, the Constitution of the United lost sight of their due subordination to the civil rude indeed, but it would be offered ungrudg- States gathered New Mexico under its protecting power, is justly chargeable on the Administration. || ingly.

wings; yes, sir, as a hen gathereth her chickens The unrebuked neglect of Colonel Munroe to obey Can I be recreant to the interests and honor of under her wings; and my constituents have as his orders “to cease all further interference in the such a people, Mr. Chairman? By their wrongs broad political rights as if each one of them were civil and political affairs of New Mexico,” has | will I stand by them.

a Secretary of War, and are entitled to as much encouraged and promoted other military aggres- Colonel Sumner has been the recipient of the consideration and immunity from Executive insions on the civil and political rights of the people. | hospitalities of honorable and refined New Mexi. sult as the people of any portion of the country Why is it, that having encouraged, by its want of can gentlemen, whose houses are the abiding places | Imagine, if you can, Mr. Chairman, an officer of decision, a state of exasperation between the mili- | of chaste matrons and innocent maidens; and the the Army, stationed in Virginia, instead of occutary and the people, the testimony of the former letter you have heard read is the return he has pying himself with his military duties, to sit down to the character of the latter is eagerly seized upon made for those hospitalities. Would you do that, || and, without instruclion or encouragement-ay, by the Administration, and transmitted to Con- Mr. Chairman? Would I? No, sir. I would sir, there's the rub-without instructions or encourgress? Is the War Department the quarter from rather be a Secretary of War, and retain my seat agement-to communicate to the Department of which we might naturally look for information in the Cabinet of a President who insults the gen

War his views concerning the people of Virginia; concerning the civil affairs of the Territories ? It erous constituency who had honored me with their their modes of life, their customs, and their habits is worthy of note that but an insignificant portion confidence.

of thought-about the slavery question, for inof the letters selected for transmission to Congress Colonel Sumner, who has given a picture of stance. I imagine he would promptly be reminded from the commander of the ninth department re- Mexican manners, is in no position to see but

that the character of his duties was military, and lates to military affairs. The operations of the rarely anything of domestic life as it really exists

that his conduct was improper and unbecoming. army in New Mexico against the political rights in New Mexico. Sidney Smith, in accounting for But, suppose further, sir, that the Secretary of of the people, seem to have more interest in the the bearish deportment of John Bull while travel- || War, forgetful of the object of the Department eyes of the Administration than those against | ing on the continent, says, “ John is so satisfied over which he presides, should, through the Prestheir enemies, the Indians. Why is it that inform- with himself because he has Magna Charta and trial || ident, transmit to Congress the letter of the officer. ation regarding the civil affairs of New Mexico | by jury, that he thinks it is not necessary for him

What would the people of Virginia do in such a is not sought from eivil sources ? Why is there to attend to small behavior.” Jonathan, the king- case? They would demand of the Executive that nothing concerning the character of the people man of John, it must be confessed, is not unmind- the officer who committed this outrage should be orcoming from the late Governor, James S. Calhoun? ful that he has trial by jury and institutions which

dered out of their State, and that he should never I know he entertained the most kindly feelings to throw Magna Charta in the shade. Proud as John again

do duty within the limits of the Old Dominion; wards the people, and favorable opinions of their and Jonathan are, they are no prouder than the

and if their demand was not complied with, they capacity and aptitude in appreciating the spirit and Spaniards, and not near so sensitive. They are no

would thrust him from their borders. Committed true principles of our Government. He always prouder than the Indian, and not near so reserved. within South Carolina, how would boil the blood sustained and defended the popular rights against While thousands of my constituents are of pure

of the Huguenots, which has given its characteris. military aggression. The people of New Mexico Spanish descent, others, I believe the large ma

tics to that whole State? How would such an inappreciated the character of Governor Calhoun, | jority, have in their veins the blood of the Span- || dignity be received in the Territories of Oregon or and long will his memory be held in affectionate | iard and the Indian, mingled generations ago. What Minnesota? How in the States of Texas or Florremembrance among them. Why, I ask, are not of shame attaches to this ? My constituents need ida? But towards States which are represented, or the views of Governor Calhoun concerning the not be ashamed of their blood. They are descend- || Territories whose people are bound by the ties of people of New Mexico communicated to Con- | ed from the Spaniards, who, by their courage and consanguinity to the people of the States, such an gress? Why have we nothing from his successor, enterprise, peopled a continent- who maintained a outrage might not with impunity be attempted. Governor Láne? My letters from that gentleman contest with the Moors for an hundred and fifty The unrestrained valor of this Administration is indicate no opinions derogatory to the people, but, years, and finally drove them from their midst. reserved for an unrepresented people, with no ties on the contrary, express hopes of extended useful- When Napoleon appeared to have subdued all of consanguinity with the mass of the people of ness among them. He has been among them long Europe, and all seemed lost, Pitt, the English || the United States-"a foreign race speaking a enough to see into the settled hostility of the mili- statesman, expressed his reliance on Spanish game foreign language." But, Mr. Chairman, this outtary to the successful working of a civil govern- | for a renewal of the contest, and was not disap- | rage is no less committed in New Mexico than in ment not under "military supervision." The tes- pointed. The conquest of Mexico by Cortez, || Virginia, South Carolina, Florida, Texas, Oregon, timony of those who think well and kindly of the and his gallant few, savors more of romance than or Minnesota. The people of New Mexico are people, is rejected. It conflicts with an obvious | reality, and in the infuriate resistance of the Aztecs

citizens of the United States, and stand on soil

32d Cong.....20 Sess.

Affairs of New Mexico-Mr. Weightman.


consecrated by the Constitution. In that instru- | sir.. Colonel James D. Graham refuses to put his which are recorded the events of the administra, ment are made no invidious distinctions of race or instruments on this line, declaring that it is not the tion of President Polk, by depopulating and abanlanguage.' The rights, privileges, and immunities treaty line, and he is recalled, sir.

doning New Mexico; by giving away to Mexico a of the people of New Mexico are as broad and Both Colonel Graham and Mr. Gray have de- || portion of our territory, or by defeating the peaceperfect as of the people of any other portion of the clared that the line as proposed to be run by the ful annexation of Cuba, is all in vain, sir-all Union, and I, their Delegate, claim them for them. || Commissioner, sustained by the Administration, was in vain. This, nor any other Administration, can

When I look back, I remember many things not the true treaty line. Congress by its legisla- || prevent the natural, healthy growth of this young which, at the time of their occurrence, pained, tion has declared that it is not the treaty line, and nation. distressed, and wounded me.

besides, sir, the Mexicans by their acts have de- Mr. William Darby, one of the most eminent Mr. Chairman, I have never been able to wring clared that, as they understand it, it is not the treaty statisticians in the country, has eliminated that from this Administration one solitary appointment line. On the right bank of the Rio Grande below the steady, uniform rate of increase in population in New Mexico which the people of that country | Doña Ana, there is a town called Mesilla, contain- || in the United States, is thirty-three and a third might look upon as given to conciliate or in respecting about one thousand souls, which has been set- per cent. every ten years. Adopting for the fu. for them. In 1850, when the civil government tled since the treaty of peace by Mexicans, who, iure, what has been constant in the past, we arrive was organized, I urged the appointment of Mr. | until Mr. Bartlett informed them to the contrary, at the result that in fifty years our population will Manuel Alvarez, a high-minded, honorable gen- supposed themselves in the United States. It is exceed one hundred millions of souls! tleman, as Secretary of the Territory. I urged | needless for me to inform this House that Mr. Some time since, desirous of availing myself of his appointment, on the ground that he was well- Bartlett has been sustained by this Administration. this gentleman's great experience and knowledge, qualified for the office-hat he spoke both the Another of the acquisitions intended by the I addressed him a letter in regard to the rate of Spanish and the English languages-that the peo- | administration of President Polk, was the Island our territorial increase. To my letter, Mr. Dar. ple had recently expressed through the ballot-box | of Cuba, by peaceable and honorable meansby | by was kind enough to respond, and this letter I their confidence in him—and that his appointment treaty with Spain. President Polk, acting in en- now lay before the House for its information and would be esteemed by them as an evidence of kind- | tire unison with the national feeling, indicated to consideration: ness and of respect for their wishes. Spain, in the usual and only mode known to our

WASHINGTON, December 13, 1852. Mr. Alvarez was not nominated, but, instead, | laws and Constitution, that the United States, to

DEAR SIR: Yours of the 4th instant was duly received, Mr. Hugh N. Smith. As soon as this was known acquire possession of an island so important to her but I have not had it in my power to give it what I very to me, I earnestly appealed to the Administration in a military and commercial point of view, was much desired, a more prompt attention. T'he delay I regret, to withdraw the nomination of Mr. Smith, and to willing to pay to Spain for her relinquishment of

but now proceed to respond, as far as the documents at niy substitute Mr. Alvarez in his stead. I urged that that island in favor of the United States, the sum

disposal, and the importance of the subject, with my ability

to do it justice, will admit. in the same election in which the people had hon- of $100,000,000. What was done by the Admin

First. You inquire to know, in round numbers, “the exored Mr. Alvarez they had condemned Mr. Smith, istration in this matter? Asif for the purpose of tent, in square miles, of the territory of the United States in He had just been defeated before the people, and forever thwarting the peaceable acquisition of the year 1783, the date of our treaty with England ?" they must feel that the setting aside of Mr. Al- | Cuba, and of throwing obloquy upon the admin

Secondly, " The extent, as before, in the year 1803, the

date of our treaty with France, acquiring Louisiana?" varez, whom they had honored, to make room for || istration of Mr. Polk, the President, losing patri

Thirdly. “The extent, as before, in 1822, the date of the Mr. Smith, whom they had repudiated, as indica- | otism in partisanship, without a shadow of ex. ratification of our treaty with Spain, acquiring Florida?" .. tive of disregard to their wishes, and was but cuse, published to the world secret and confidential Fourthly. "The extent, as before, by the acquisition of little calculated to attach them to the United States. ll correspondence, which should forever have re

Texas, New Mexico, and California, in 1845 and 1848, which

last would be, with the other acquisitions, the present area Aside from all this, I urged that Mr. Smith was a posed in the State Department, under the safeguard of the United States?" political agitator, and had addressed to the people of the national honor. The presidential office is You also again require “the rate of increase, or per of New Mexico a pamphlet calculated to indoc- | perpetual—the incumbents only are changed. centum, of national increase of territory." trinate them with fanatical sentiments in regard to

You again, also, finally require the period or periods The secrets pertaining to the office have been di

which should be adopted, upon which to base the percentum the slavery question. All in vain, Mr. Chairman; || vulged. Letiers, confidential in their character, of increase.” these appeals were disregarded.

and others marked confidential, have been divulged. Query first. In regard to the boundaries and extent in When Mr. Smith was rejected by the Senate, I Besides divulging the confidential instructions square miles of the original territory of the United States, again urged the

claims of Mr. Alvarez in vain, l of our Government to its own foreign Ministers, as estimated in conformity to the treaty of 1783, Morse, and sir; in vain. I have never been able to wring. there have been betrayed the secret communications works were published soon after the close of the Revolufrom this Administration a solitary appointment of which at foreign Courts have been confided to our tion, or ratification of the treaty of 1783, gave as the amount a Mexican, not even for a postmaster. Search | Ministers. I will draw attention, Mr. Chairman,

of the ceded limits, one million of square miles, or six hunthe Blue Book, Mr. Chairman. to but one of these letters, and of that I will read

dred and forty millions of acres. Measured by the rhombs,

which I have done myself repeatedly, the area comes out Had I desired to impress the people of New only the first paragraph. It needs no comment: so near one million square miles as to justify the adopMexico with the idea that the Government and

“Sır: The inclosed copy of a confidential dispatch ad

tion of that number in the case under review. At the ter

mination of that period of eight years, 1775-1783, to which people of the United States looked upon them with dressed to the Minister of State, by the Conde de la Alcurepugnance and contempt, I would have done as dia, Spanish Minister at London, was handed me to-day by

the people of the United States have given, and rightfully this Administration has done. Did I desire to a private friend, and may be depended on as authentic.

given, the title of "Arnerican Revolution,” as already

stated, the former colonial inhabitants, with a national indeAs the communication was made to ine in the strictest conkeep the people of New Mexico in a state of unfidence, and as the document is in itself unsuitable for the

pendence, became proprietors of one million of square miles easiness and alarm, I would not rebuke the officer press, I take the liberty of transmitting it to you-for the

of compact domain. But of the whole extent ceded, not who neglected to obey my order to " cease all President's information--in the form of a private letter, and

one tenth part was then (1783) inhabited and cultivated by

It is safe to say, also, that not one person, who, of further interference with the civil and political afrequest that it may not be placed on the public files of the

those who participated in, and survived the struggle, had, Department of State.” fairs” of the people. This would encourage other

at the date of its successful termination, conceived the most military aggressions, Mr. Chairman. Did I de- This letter and its inclosure were made public, remote idea of the change it had commenced, not alone on sire to drive them to despair, I would recommend to blot, to blur, to disfigure, those pages of the

the condition of the United Colonists, but to a greater or less

extent on that of all mankind. that they should be torn from the homes of their history of the country on which are recorded the Of the domain ceded in 1783, not one

third part of its surfathers. Did I desire to blacken the character of events of the administration of President Polk. face presented marks of civilization. The colonies whose the people of New Mexico, and thereby conUnrebuked by the people of the country, such be

inhabitants had revolted, and sustained their revolt in trivince the people of the United States that the tertrayals stain the national honor.

umph, were residents, in the far greater part, eastward of

the Appalachian mountains. Of the surface included withritorial accessions made during the Administration

Mr. Chairman, in his message the President

in the bounds expressed in the treaty of 1783, so little of it of a political adversary were useless or baneful, I says, speaking of Cuba: “I should regard its in- was really distinctly known, that much the greater space could get no stronger testimony than from them, corporation into the Union, at the present time, as

was land of mystery, and had, at the expense of the worst

form of war, to be wrested from savages. who, for three years, have been the unrestrained fraught with serious peril."

The great event of the Revolution was, however, to give adversaries of the people.

Here, sir, we are left to infer that at some future

to the world a new sovereigoty, in, we might say, a new Easily to be discerned from the acts of this Ad- time the President will be in favor of its incorpora- creation, and with other attributes of grandeur and importministration is the object of disfiguring those

tion into the Union. Let us see when he will be. ance, which time has ever since gradually and steadily depages of the history of the country on which are The President proceeds:

veloped, but which are yet comparatively in early youth.

The subsequent stages of progress since the consummation recorded the administration of President Polk. “ Were this island comparatively destitute of inhabitants,

of the Revolution, have afforded an index for the past and Shining monuments of the glory of the country or occupied by a kindred race, I should regard it, if volun

promise for the future. Summing up such calculations are the successful prosecution of the war with tarily ceded by Spain, as a most desirable acquisition. But

from data so difficult to reduce to definitive certainty, romeunder existing circumstances, I should look upon its incor- thing must be allowed to the yet defect of data ; though the Mexico, and the grand accessions of territory con- poration into the Union as a very hazardous measure. great extent of the field of operation lessens the comparasummated in that Administration.

would bring into the Confederacy a population of a different tive value of minute fractions. But we proceed. The treaty of peace and limits between the national stock, speaking a different language, and not likely

Your second query : Extent of square miles added to the United States and Mexico provided, among other to harmonize with the other members."

territory of the United States, 1803, by the treaty with France

ceding Louisiana. The reply to this query opens to our things, for the appointment of Commissioners to If this means anything, it means that the Presi- view an event second only to that of the Revolution of 1783. mark the boundary between the two Republics. | dent will be in favor of the annexation of Cuba Under the rather indefinite general name of Louisiana, Well, sir, our Commissioner, with a liberality when its inhabitants, the Spaniards, shall die.

with New Orleans for its capital, the province of Louisiana

ranged in a northwestwardly direction from the extreme truly astounding, assents to fixing the initial point Then, sir, will the President be in favor of Cuban

southwardly cape-of the now State of Louisiana, north on the Rio Grande, above El Paso, at a point so annexation, and not till then. In other words, Mr. Jatitude 29° on the Gulf of Mexico, to latitude 49° on the far north as to yield of our Territory a piece of Chairman, he never will be in favor of it.

Pacific; extending through 20° of latitude, and inclosing

between the extremes at least 15° of longitude. Measuring country larger than the State of Massachusetts.

as carefully as its extremely vague and irregular online Well, sir, Mr. Gray, the surveyor, protests about “ kindred races," while it cuts off Cuban would admit and demand, Louisiana then embraced a milagainst this proceeding, and refuses to sanction it and all Mexican annexation, favors Canadian an- lion of square miles, of which surface perhaps one half by his signature. What is then done, sir? Why, nexation.

spread northwestwardly from the Rocky Mountains to the

Pacific ocean. the Administration dismiss-who, sir? Mr. But, sir, the aim of this Administration to dis

From its position and natural connection, Florida comes Bartlett? No, sir; Mr. Gray. This is not all, ll figure those pages of the country's history on after Louisiana. This now State of the United States is


te huis worthy or remark, sir

, that the argument

32D CONG.....20 Sess:

The Gardiner Claim, &c.Mr. Chapman.

Ho. OF Reps.

composed of a curve surface of about three hundred miles


men belonging to the different parties of the counin length. Surface thirteen thousand square miles. Ceded

try. Among the individuals acting as agents for to the United States in 1822.

SPEECH OF HON. C. CHAPMAN, Your fourth query in order relates to the extent, as be

claims against the Government, some have rendered fore, of the immense region contained in Texas, New Mex


the service for their constituents without compensaico, and California. It would be temerity to offer more than a loose estimate of one million four hundred thousand


tion. This is unobjectionable; and the bill is not square miles for those undefined regions under the names

aimed at them. Others have performed this labor above stated.

January 11, 1853,

for a certain compensation, which is objectionable. TABULAR VIEW OF THE WITHIN.

On the subject of prosecution of Claims against the There are others still who have labored for a con

Square miles. United States original.

Government by Members of Congress, &c.

tingent compensation, which is, in my judgment, 1,000,000 Louisiana.... 1,000,000 Mr:STANTON, of Ohio, being entitled to the

more objectionable still. It is not too much to Florida

13,000 Texas, New Mexico, and California.... 1,400,000 floor, after a few remarks, yielded it to

say that their success is sometimes attributable in Mr. CHAPMAN, who said:

part, and sometimes in whole, to the official influAmount of territory of United States.... 3,413,000 Mr. Speaker: Having been a member of the

ence which they may bring to bear upon the sub

ject. Special Committee which reported this bill, I avail

It is matter of complaint that claims against the In concluding these remarks, we find that the Revolution myself of the courtesy of the gentleman froin Ohio itself endowed the United States with one million of square (Mr. Stanton] to submit some few suggestions and deferred, upon one pretext and another; that

United States are most unreasonably embarrassed miles, equal to six hundred and forty million acres. The cession of Louisiana, doubled the already immense estate in upon topics which have been drawn into this dis

honest, bona fide creditors are compelled to waste square miles and acres. New Mexico, California, and Flor

cussion. ida add the joint amount of one million four hundred and I have hitherto, Mr. Speaker, contented my

their substance in prosecuting just claims, and that thirteen thousand square miles, or nine hundred and four self with giving a silent vote upon all questions occasion, a defeat. It is insisted that claims rep

the delay is ultimately equivalent to, if it does not million three hundred and twenty thousand acres, presenting an almost overwhelming result to the mind.

in relation to which I have been called to act at If you allow fifty thousand square miles as the mean of all, and had I not been one of the majority of this table character, often receive earlier attention than

resented by office-holders, although of a less equiStates, the United States territory will admit sixty-eight! committee who reported the bill under considera- I those which do not have the advantage of such

The most remarkable fact, perhaps, is the following, which tion, I should not now depart from the practice faid. Doubtless they are, in other respects, more is afforded by the history of the United States. The territory has risen to three million four hundred and thirteen

have hitherto observed. But, sir, agreeing as I || favorably regarded. I do not think there is any thousand square miles; gaining, in seventy-seven years, du'in recommending this bill to the favor of the considerable diversity of opinion in this House forty-four thousand three hundred and twenty five square House, I wish, in a brief manner, to assign the in regard to the character of this evil, or the iniles annually. In other words, the pro rata of annual increase of territory exceeds the mean extent of the original

reasons for my own action. single States.

I am satisfied, as I trust every member of this

expediency of applying an appropriate remedy. You will have the kindness to excuse the rough writing House is, that a practice has prevailed to a con

Whether the bill reported by the committee meets

the necessities of the case, or whether it may be with a lame hand; and for delay, a sick family. Respectfully, WILLIAM DARBY. siderable extent among members of both branches

profitably amended, I leave to the determination Hon. R. H. WEIGHTMAN.

of Congress of acting as agents for persons having of the House. I do not intend, at this time, to

claims against the Government, in some cases for The healthy, natural territorial increase of the compensation certain, and in others for compen

examine its details, nor the amendments which United States is 44,325 square miles per annum.

have been offered to it by the gentleman from New sation contingent upon success. If such a pracA State a year, sir. This is the rate of territorial tice exists, and is an evil, as I believe it to be an gard to those amendments, that I have read them

York, (Mr. Haven.) I will say, however, in reincrease in the past; and without “filibustering," evil which is increasing with the growth of the cursorily, and they meet my individual approba--sir, the phantom which afflicts the presidential country and the increase of its business—then I tion. mind,-if the past is the index of the promise for think it is the duty of Congress to apply a remedy the future, the area of the United States, in fifty, which shall reach the necessities of the case.

But I prefer to address myself to the report of years, will exceed that of all North America, and | While doing this, it will be well, in my judgment, | from Ohio (Mr. Olds] upon it. The resolution

the committee, and the strictures of the genileman with one hundred millions of population, there will • be but one first-rate nation on the globe, and the I am led to believe exist among other classes of | by the gentleman from Ohio, and as amended by

to strike at mischiefs of a kindred character which creating this committee, as originally introduced United States that nation. Do you think, Mr. men who hold office under the General GovernChairman, that this Administration can prevent

the gentleman from Virginia, (Mr. MEADE,) has ment. I believed that the ends in view could be the increase of this healthy child-nation, either in

been differently construed by different members of best attained by the introduction of a bill like the that committee. It is, as it stands, a piece of population or territory? I know you do not, sir. The weakness of Rome, as she increased in adopted by the committee. The task of introdu- | following are the words of the preamble:

one now under consideration, and in the mode || patchwork, rather inartistically put together. The extent, was caused by her proconsular system. cing and piloting a bill through this House upon The Sicilians, in the meridian of the Roman pow. | the part of a single member, according to my ob

“ Whereas a strong suspicion rests upon the public mind er, rose in arms, invaded Italy, and threatened servation, is not an easy one. If a bill were re

that fraudulent claims have been allowed by the late Mexi

can Claim Commission, with one of which it is suspected Rome itself.

ported by a committee, I thought it would receive that Thomas Corwin, Secretary of the Treasury, has been If by alteration of our Constitution, or by any || earlier, perhaps more favorable action, than if it improperly connected.” legal sanction, the proconsular system should be

were introduced into this body by a single mem- Yet of this Gardiner claim nothing is said in the ingrafted on our institutions, or if public law and, ber.

preamble to the resolution. The resolution, howwhat is still more powerful with us, public opinion,

A bill embracing the principal provisions of ever, directs an investigation into the facts touchcannot restrain its illegal establishment, then are

the one now under consideration was introduced || ing the connection of the said Thomas Corwin our limits sufficiently extended already;and if the into the Senate at the last session, by the Senator || with the said “Gardiner claim.” It was thought American people and American Congress will tol- from North Carolina, (Mr. BADGER;] and when expedient by a majority of the committee to inveserate, without legal sanction, the existence of a

the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. OLDS] said the other tigate somewhat the character of the claim itself. single proconsulate within our present limits, then day that it was drawn by a master hand, he said No such instructions were given, and I am by is our territory too large already.

truly. The committee of which I was a member no means certain that the report in this regard is The contempt of Rome for foreign races speak. | amended that bill in some important particulars, not subject to just criticism. ing foreign languages,” caused the establishment and thus amended, have recommended it to the But it was said that this would be an aimless of her proconsulates, and, as she grew in terri- favorable consideration of the House. In present- || inquiry, if we were to inquire into the connection

ing this bill, the committee have, in my judgment, of Thomas Corwin, the Secretary of the Treas“ Extended empire, like expanded gold,

undoubtedly departed from the letter of their in- || ury, with the Gardiner claim, if that claim were an Exchanged solid strength for feeble splendor."

structions; but they have done so without any honest, bona fide claim upon the Government, and But, sir, no invidious distinctions of race or apprehension of censure, inasmuch as the evil, this certainly was said with a good degree of force. language disfigure our Constitution, and the peo- which the bill is intended to remedy, is a pervading | Why, it might be asked, while members of both ple of the United States will permit the establish- one, demanding the application of an efficacious branches of Congress have been, for a long series ment of no proconsulates. Our national strength, remedy. Let me say here, Mr. Speaker, that of years, concerned in pressing claims upon the based as it is on the love and affection of the people nothing is inferable from the bill reported by the Government, why should this occasion be sought for the institutions which secure their liberty and Select Committee as to what are the opinions of its to stab the Secretary of the Treasury for doing that happiness, is increased as our limits are extended. individual members, which is inconsistent with which had been done by his fellow-members of Without the proconsular system, with its conse- the finding of that

committee, so far as it relates to the Senate and by members upon all sides of this quent weakness, ours is the progressive policy of the Secretary of the Treasury. There should be House? It was then said, and perhaps truly, that Rome. Among the Romans there was introduced, no misconception on this subject, and no miscon- | the committee ought, in this investigation, to inby Numa, the worship of the god Terminus the struction of the opinions or motives of the com- | quire into the honesty, integrity, and validity of god of the frontiers and boundaries—and one of mittee.

that claim, his attributes was that he never retreated. He Now, what is the mischief of which complaint It is due, sir, to Dr. Gardiner, who is to me a was represented, if I mistake not, as legless-he is made? It is, that gentlemen holding official sta- stranger, and whose face, so far as I know, I have could not retreat.

tions—members of ihe Senate, members of the never seen, to say that this inquiry before the We find, also, Mr. Chairman, that Terminus | House of Representatives, heads of Departments, committee, touching the validity of his claim, was was associated with Juventas, the god of youthful | heads of Bureaus, and a myriad of subordinates, for the most part, exc parte. Proceedings had been vigor--of progress, sir. As Juventas pushed out- have been engaged in the work of furthering the commenced against that individual in the civil and ward the boundaries, old Terminus took posses-prosecution of claims against the United States. | in the criminal courts of this country, and he sion of and ever defended thenk

This practice has been confined to no party or seemed unwilling to litigate the question relating Allow me to say, in conclusion, Mr. Chairman, class. It has been a prevailing practice in both to the validity of his claim before us. I think he that I have more admiration for Terminus and branches of Congress, as I am informed and be. was right in so doing. Whatever the character of Juventas than for the American Mars.

lieve, and has had the sanction of distinguished || that claim was, I think it was wise in his counsel

tory, her

32D CONG.....20 Sess.

The Gardiner Claim, &c.-Mr. Chapman.

Ho. of Reps.

to advise him, if they did, to have nothing to do gle paragraph of the report itself. It is in these son) was accredited as our Minister to that Govwith the examination of the character of his claim words:

ernment. He undertook the prosecution of this before us. If I had been his counsel, I would

« No testimony has been adduced before the committee

claim for a compensation of fifteen per cent. upon have given him the same advice. He denied in proving, or tending to prove, that the Hon. Thomas Cor- the sum to be allowed by the Commissioners; and his protest, which accompanies the report, that

win had any koowledge that the claim of the said Gardiner the House had delegated, or intended to delegate, had been, or were to be, procured to sustain the same." was fraudulent, or that false testimony or forged papers

he employed the Secretary of the Treasury, then

a member of the Senate, upon an agreement to pay any power to the Select Committee to examine into

him five per cent. out of his own fees, which is the merits of his claim. It is true that upon one

I have but a very slight acquaintance with the one-third of Mr. Thompson's fees for prosecuting or two occasions his counsel appeared before us, Secretary of the Treasury. He is not my friend, the claim. Now, whether he was induced from for the purpose of cross-examining two Mexican

and I have no purposes connected with private one consideration or another to employ Mr. Corwitnesses on two points. He introduced a single friendship to serve by any action of mine in this

win to assist him in prosecuting that claim, seems witness in the course of the inquiry, and that

matter,--none on earth but the purposes of truth to be a matter of little consequence. Whether it witness, a clerk in the State Department, merely have no personal grudges or private griefs to grat- || Mr. Corwin,

or the personal influence which he and justice. Neither am I his foe, and therefore

was because of the superior intellectual power of seals, and proving the signature of the Mexican ify. Can the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. OLDS] || had been enabled to acquire whether it was in Minister., 'In every other particular this inquiry say as much? If I had, I should think it was not

consequence of the station to which he had atwas purely ex parte, so far as Dr. Gardiner was the best evidence of high courage to assail the tained by his own merit-or whether for any other concerned. Secretary of the Treasury when and where he

cause, probably could not be very well settled by An inquiry thus conducted may have disclosed had no opportunity to reply. I am, however, conthe whole truth in regard to the merit of this strained to say that I think it would be very high self; nor is it, in my judgment, of any importance

a committee of this House, or by the House itclaim, or the committee may have arrived at a evidence of that " better part of valor," which is

to inquire. The engagement was made in May, very erroneous conclusion. Audi alteram partem,

discretion, to omit doing so where he could reply, 1849. In June, 1850, the Mexican Commission, is a pretty good caution to a judge who is about for it has been more than hinted of that distin

as it is called, adjourned to meet again in the to render a judgment when he has heard but one

guished gentleman, that if he would, he could month of November, of the same year. side. It is well that he forms no opinion until

* bite like a serpent, and sting like an adder." At the time when the Board adjourned, Mr. after he has heard both sides of the case. Much

I think we dégrade our Government and bring | Corwin had acquired an interest in this claim, in of the testimony that was given before us was

reproach upon our institutions, by our wholesale connection with Mr. Robert G. Corwin, by purheard before the committee of the Senate-every

and indiscriminate abuse of our public men. No || chase. He was induced to make that purchase particle of it touching the validity of the claim was

sooner is a man a candidate for a public station, by Robert, his relative, and Gardiner found it necesheard by that committee. The Senate committee, than those who are opposed to him, politically, sary to make a sale of a portion of his claim,

to however, seem not to have been satisfied, for they

and are connected with rival party associations, have sent a commission to Mexico to make a perbegin to assail him. This could be tolerated; but had then come to no definite conclusion as to the

meet the expenses of its prosecution. The Board sonal examination. If no room had been left for when a man is holding a high official station we

amount to be awarded, and did not do so until the doubt, they would not have instituted such an in. | are quite too apt to follow up this line

of attack, month of November in the succeeding year.

During quiry in such a way.

and impute to him corrupt motives, because, for- the recess of this Commission, Mr. Corwin was Now, what that examination may disclose re

sooth, he differs from us upon party questions. || tendered a seat in Mr. Fillmore's Cabinet. He mains to be seen. If we can rely upon the evi- || It seems to me that it would be well if party feel

was unwilling to take it while he was interested in dence given before the House committee-if the ings would not lead us to overstep the bounds of claims before this Mexican Board. Governor Mexican witnesses who testified here are to be

fair discussion or violate the common courtesies of Young, of New York, now deceased, desirous that believed, rather than those who testified before life. I do not suppose, because an individual in

he should take a seat in the Cabinet, interposed to the Mexican Commission, then this claim was (in

public station differs with me-because he is ar- negotiate a sale, and the sale was negotiated, of all the language of the report) a “naked fraud upon

rayed upon another side, politically, fromme-chat Mr. Corwin's interest in these claims, which were the Treasury, and was supported before the Com.

therefore I am permitted to impute to him improp-. || first the Gardiner claim, and then thirty-six other mission by false testimony and forged papers.?

er motives. My duty rather is, in the absence of claims, pending before this Mexican Commission. The question is in a fair way of being adjudi- evidence, to believe that his motives are as pure as He made sale, through Governor Young, of all cated before a judicial tribunal, where both sides my own.

these claims, thirty-seven in number, before he rewill be heard, and the truth satisfactorily ascer

Now, a few words more in regard to the con

ceived the appointment of Secretary of the Treastained. nection of the Hon. Thomas Corwin with the

ury, in the month of July, 1850. He sold them I would not be understood, from any remarks Gardiner claim, and I shall have done. The claim

in good faith, and he sold them unconditionally: which I have made, ás expressing a belief that

of Doctor Gardiner was presented to the Board of Now, what does the gentleman from Ohio (Mr. this claim is well grounded. I think there are

Commissioners on the 30th of November, 1849. Olds] mean, when he says that the sale was a many suspicious circumstances about it. Wit- | The claim was for loss of property in certain sil

farce? Sir, the sale was an unqualified and unconnesses have testified before the House that many ver mines, in consequence of his expulsion from ditional one, made anterior to Mr. Corwin's acof the papers were forged, and swear in good set the State of San Luis Potosi, in 1846. On the

ceptance of a position in the Cabinet. This is terms that there is no foundation for this claim of || 12th of March, 1850, the claim was adjudged to

sworn to by George Law, sworn to unqualifiedly their own knowledge. be a valid one against Mexico, under the 26th ar

as a bona fide, unconditional sale made by Mr. I will not, upon an ex parte examination of this ticle of the treaty of 1831; but the amount of the Corwin to him, he being the purchaser, previous sort, (especially where the number of witnesses in- || claim was not then ascertained, and the mere

to Mr. Corwin taking his seat in the Cabinet. Mr. troduced upon another occasion, and before an- question of law was determined by the Commis- | Speaker, does any gentleman upon this floor mean other tribunal, is about equal, and for aught I

sioners according to their custom. It was a proper to impeach the veracity of George Law? Is there know equally reliable in regard to the character of subject of inquiry, and the amount to be allowed any man here who will volunteer to do that? He this claim,) undertake to say that the Gardiner was to be ascertained upon a further examination. does not, I believe, belong to the same party with claim is either well or ill-founded; but I do concur

If this claim was a valid one, it became the duty | the Secretary of the Treasury, but accords in his with the committee in the fullest manner, in say.

of the Government, under the 15th article of the political opinions with the gentleman from Ohio. ing, that so far as the testimony before the House treaty of February, 1848, to pay it. On the 15th || He swears unequivocally to this purchase. Is he is concerned, it was a naked fraud upon the Treas- of April, 1851, the Board settied the amount to to be believed? Why, sir, one would think that ury, supported by perjury, and sustained by forged

be allowed. They allowed to Doctor Gardiner with the reputution which he enjoys in this counpapers.

$321,560, and they allowed to W. W. Corcoran, || try, he was entitled to credit, unless there was But the legitimate business of this committee än assignee of one fourth part of this claim, the sum

some contradictory proof, some evidence from was to inquire into the connection of the Hon. of $107,187, making in all, for the Gardiner | somebody that contravened his statement. But, Thomas Corwin with this claim, and the character claim, $428,747, and that amount was paid to these sir, Mr. 'Law is fully corroborated by the testiof that connection. I had not anticipated such an parties out of the Treasury. A portion of the | mony of James S. Thayer, a gentleman of the inquiry, and such a discussion upon the bill itself. money, deposited by Doctor Gardiner in other | legal profession in the city of New York, known I know little of the rules of this House; less of the hands is now held by an injunction, prayed out to many of us as a man of integrity and a lawchances of reaching anything. I did suppose, | upon application by the United States. The yer of distinction. He, too, swears unequivocally perhaps, that in the process of time, perhaps while amount thus held is on deposit with Corcoran and io this purchase. He says he was one of the inI was a member of this body, this report of the Riggs, ($93,000,) which is subject to a letter of dividuals who estimated these claims, under an committee would be reached for the action of this credit of £2,000, and another lien of $10,000. I agreement testified to by the other witnesses; that House. But I did not suppose that such an ille. There is also enjoined in the hands of a life and he assisted Governor Young to fix the price which gitimate discussion as this would spring up upon trust company in the city of New York, $130,000. should be paid by Mr. Law, and which Mr. Corthis bill. To that subject, I will address a few These moneys were deposited by Dr. Gardiner in win should receive. Governor Young died before considerations.

the hands of individuals, and are reached by the | this investigation was had, and Mr. Corwin could The resolution was an assault upon the Secre- || process which the Government has prayed out. not, therefore, avail himself of his testimony.. tary of the Treasury. It was introduced and ac- Now, the Secretary of the Treasury, Mr. Cor- There is also another witness who was familiar companied by a speech from the gentleman from win, then a member of the Senate, was employed with this transaction-Robert G. Corwin-who Ohio, (Mr. Olds,) which, according to my recol. by General Waddy Thompson, the attorney of swears to the same negotiations, and that he parlection of it-I have not seen it since" breathed Dr. Gardiner, upon an agreement on the part of ticipated himself in the appraisal of these claims. threatenings and slaughter" to the Secretary of the Thompson to pay him five per cent. on his own There are several other witnesses who speak of Treasury. How far what was stated in that speech fees, which fees were to be fifteen per cent. upon this sale incidentally, having knowledge of it in is supported by what has since been found by the the sum allowed. Waddy Thompson was the the progress of the negotiation. Now, sir, in orcommittee, the House will judge. The best com- original counsel for Dr. Gardiner; he became ac- der to sustain the charges against Mr. Corwin, it mentary upon that attack will be found in a sin- quainted with him in Mexico, while he (Thomp- Il becomes necessary to trample upon the testimony

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of all these gentlemen, to convict them all of per- Mr. Speaker, I feel bound to say, in regard to every and all interest in what are called the Mex. jury, although they are men of high reputation this claim, as it was presented before the Mexican ican claims. He was so exceedingly sensitive in and of unimpeachable integrity. Is this proposed Board, that I think it was sustained in all its parts | this matter, and so scrupulously careful, that, as to be accomplished by proof? There is none in the best possible way by proof, so far as the one of the witnesses testifies, he remarked to him, not a particle of evidence, from the beginning to Board could see, and so far as anybody else could that unless the money was paid into his hands the end of the inquiry, that conflicts with the tes- see, who had any connection with it as counsel. before that Board reconvened, he would throw his timony to which I have adverted. Is the testi- || The testimony was taken according to law; it was Mexican claims into the Potomac or resign his mony to be overcome in any other way than by detailed, it was minute, it was circumstantial, and seat in the Cabinet. He would not be in such a contravening evidence? Why, sir, to denounce there was much of it. Indeed, sir, one of the condition that an enemy could impute any wrong an individual is easy, exceedingly easy, as gentle witnesses, who was clerk to the Board, testified to him. men here have all very often had occasion to know. that it excited suspicion in his mind, because it Now, Mr. Speaker, I have said all that, as a But, sir, something besides the mere breath of an was so well and circumstantially supported. It member of the committee, I feel it my duty to say accuser, who has no personal knowledge him- was of a character, which overcame ihe previous at this time. It matters not to me to what party self, and pretends to none in regard to the facts, | prejudices and preconceived opinions of Mr. John- | the Secretary of the Treasury belongs; I would inwill be required to overthrow the uncontradicted son, as he swears, who was, for a time, clerk of terpose nothing to shield him if he was wrong, proof which has been brought before the commit- that Board. Much of it was procured after Mr. while I would protect him, as I would a man of tee in regard to this sale. Corwin's connection with the matter ceased.

any other polítical party, if he was right. I It is true, Mr. Speaker, that the written trans- Now, sir, there is no reasonable pretense, that if | think the testimony which has been taken by this fer of this interest was not made until the month the testimony was false, or the papers forged, Mr. committee, and reported by them to this House, of November, 1850; but it was made before the || Corwin had any knowledge of that fact. The || shows in the clearest and most satisfactory manMexican Board reconvened; and not only that, but committee found-(and a majority of them were ner, that whatever he did while a member of the the money, according to the testimony, was in fact not the political friends of Mr. Corwin, be it re- Senate, was done in pursuance of a very generally paid in dollars before that Board reconvened in No-|| membered)—that no testimony had been adduced prevailing custom, which has not heretofore been vember. Hence, sir, it is incontrovertibly proved before them proving, or tending to prove, any found fault with by the members of any party; that the Secretary of the Treasury, before he took knowledge on the part of the Secretary of the that so far as his action since he has been Secreoffice under this Administration, divested himself Treasury, that the claim was not entirely, just. || tary of the Treasury is concerned, he has done in good faith of all the interest which he had in And now, Mr. Speaker, what does the gentleman nothing that is blameworthy; that as to these any of these claims, whether as purchaser or as from Ohio mean when he speaks of “a spurious || claims which were presented to this Mexican Comcounsel. In regard to the legal right of Mr. Cor- || acquittal?” Does he mean to say, that the com- mission, he had divested himself of every kind of win, while a member of the Senate, to act as mittee did not arrive at a correct result, in view of interest before he accepted a seat in the Cabinet, counsel for claims, or to be interested in claims the evidence?—that by reason of a want of intelli- and that since that time he has had no connection before a board of commissioners, there can be no gence or of a want of integrity, they did not come with them nor consultation about them. It is time diversity of opinion among the members of this to a right conclusion? A spurious acquittal! Well that the calumnious clamor against him should House. Such has been the uniform practice for a unanimously found, and without a dissentient voice long series of years. Such is the prevailing prac- || upon the committee, that there was no evidence tice now. I might, then, sir, well inquire, Why before us, proving or tending to prove any knowl

THE GARDINER CLAIM, &c. this hue and cry at the heels of Mr. Corwin? If, edge on the part of Mr. Corwin of any want of while a member of the Senate, he has acted as merit in this claim, or of any foul practice in re- SPEECH OF HON. N. BARRERE, counsel for claimants against the Government, so l gard to it. have all his fellows. If he has appeared before Now, Mr. Speaker, it is due to the committee,

OF OHIO, the Supreme Court to prosecute claims against the as well as to the Secretary of the Treasury, to IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, Government in a legal inquiry before that tribunal, say, that all the witnesses who speak at all upon

January 11, 1853, so have his fellows. If he has appeared before a the subject, testify that Mr. Corwin, ever after he board of commissioners to prosecute claims, such | made that sale in July up to the time when this On the subject of prosecution of Claims against the has been the practice of those who have acted in case was decided by this Mexican Commission,

Government by Members of Congress, &c. the Senate with him. Then why this hue and cry uniformly, on all occasions, refused to consult with Mr. BARRERE said: about him? Thegentleman from Ohio (Mr. Olds] || the parties or the counsel in regard to these claims Mr. SPEAKER: I had not expected to address the complains of " hired letter-writers" and "paid in any way or manner. He refused to give the House this morning. I would have preferred subtelegraphers" who have undertaken to give a direc- || least advice as to the mode of proceeding, or to mitting my remarks after hearing from the other tion to public sentiment upon this subject in favor | have any more to do with them than an utter side, or at any rate after hearing from another of the Secretary of the Treasury: If it is matter. || stranger.

member of the committee, who I understand inof complaint that, after the attacks of the gentle- Again: It is due to Mr. Corwin to advert to a tends to present his views on this subject, and man from Ohio upon the Secretary, telegraphers fact as testified to by the attorney of this District, || differing perhaps from those just presented by and letter-writers have informed the world' how that in endeavoring to detect and expose the sup- the honorable gentleman from Connecticut, (Mr. the investigation terminated, what should be said posed fraud connected with this claim, after there CHAPMAN.) But this being as convenient a time as of the pack that has been unkenneled upon the came to be a clamor about it, no man was more will probably occur to me, I shall proceed now. Secretary, and given tongue upon his trail for a diligent, no man was more active, no man was Mr. Speaker, I feel it to be my duty-representseries of years. Their business has been to assail more energetic than the Secretary of the Treasury, | ing as I do a portion of the people represented for him “in season and out of season," and now that doing his whole duty, and doing it with all his a long time in Congress by Mr. Corwin, with the facts are ascertained, the country can judge of strength, and with all his heart, in good faith, as great acceptability to them, and distinguished credit their motives and their success.

an honest man and a conscientious officer of the to him—to participate in this discussion. I do not I understood the gentleman from Ohio to say at Government. He sought by all the means in his propose to enter upon the merits of the bill now one time that there had been no sale by Mr. Cor power to restrain these moneys, and to hold on before the House." I have not found it necessary win-that the whole thing was a farce; and at an- them wherever they could be found until this for my present purpose, to look into it with any other time, I understood him to say that Governor | whole subject could be investigated.

degree of care. 'I shall examine it before I am Young was the real purchaser, and that George Sir, I think that something is due to the Secre- || called on to vote upon it, and if upon examination Law was a man of straw; or, to use his own lan- | tary of the Treasury—some action upon the part I think it necessary or useful, towards preserving guage, was made to act the dummy on that occa of this House evidential of its confidence in his the purity of the Government, or the purity of the sion. Well, Mr. Law swears that he purchased purity, and in his fidelity in endeavoring to detect action of the two Houses of Congress, 'I shall the claim, and he swears that he paid for it with this fraud and bring the offender to punishment. | support it by my vote. is own money. Does the gentleman mean that ah | But what have we in the House of Representa- I have for a long time looked upon Mr. Corwin man who makes his own purchase, and pays his tives, or what has a committee of this House, to as one of our most prominent men; distinguished own money, according to his agreement, is a do with the conduct of a Senator, or what has the alike for his high intellectual endowments and the “dummy?" If he is, he certainly sets a good exam- | Senate to do with a member of this body? If the purity of his moral character. He has ever been ple. But, suppose Governor Young was really to propriety of the conduct of a member of either a favorite in Ohio, and when I use that word, I have the benefit of this purchase, of which there is | body were to be discussed by the other from day mean a favorite with the people of the State genno pretense of proof, what then, and who would to day, there would not be business enough for erally-with Whigs and Democrats. In that part have a right to complain? The time has gone by both branches; but the warfare would be a fruitless of the State in which I am best acquainted, I may when it will answer any good purpose to abuse and unprofitable one, in which no laurels would be safely say, that the high estimate of his character Governor Young. While he was living, he might

is not confined to any party, but that he holds an have been affected, like other men, by such attacks; It has been customary to take some liberties exalted place in the affections the people of all but I believe he is now beyond the reach of any with the Executive in these discussions, and parties." In early life Mr. Corwin was comparaman's venom. He lived honored and died la- || that has been often done, without any great regard tively poor, and had to struggle with the disadmented. Whether he was the purchaser or not, to delicacy; but I presume the friends of the Sec- vantages incident to our then wilderness country; I do not know, nor is it important to inquire. The retary of the Treasury would interpose no objec- || but by his talents and energy he has risen to his sole inquiry for us is, Was Mr. Corwin interested, tion to a full examination into his conduct while present position. He has, unaided, and with but while he was Secretary of the Treasury, in these he has occupied his present elevated official posi- || few advantages, risen from the humbler walks of claims? If he was not, why, then, there is an end || tion. So far, then, as Mr. Corwin is concerned as life to what we consider one of the highest posiof the inquiry, and there ought to be an end of the Secretary of the Treasury, if there is any faith to tions, morally and intellectually, as well as politiabuse. Mr. Law swears distinctly and unequivo- be put in the testimony of highly-respectable wit- cally, that any gentleman occupies in the country: cally that he was the purchaser of the claim, and nedaes, whose testimony is wholly uncontradicted, I do not pretend to an extensive acquaintance with that he paid the money.

he went into that Department wholly divested of || distinguished men, and have not that high appre



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