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32D CONG.....30 Sess.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
to establish one tier of States west of the Missis- | its line; whether they will not build up towns at post at Gibraltar, except to keep it " in terrorem" sippis but in order to prevent the sad calamity of each terminus; whether they will not spread over over the commerce of the Mediterranean? Why an undae expansion of our territory, the policy that country, and convert it into an American her enormous expense to maintain a garrison at was adopted of establishing an Indian Territory, State; whether American principles and American the Cape of Good Hope, except to command the with titles in perpetuity, all along the western bor- institutions will not be firmly planted there? And | great passage on the way to the Indies? Why is der of those Stares, so that no more new States I ask you how many years you think will pass | she at the expense to keep her position on that could possibly be created in that direction. That away before you wilt find the same necessity to little barren island Bermuda, and the miserable barrier could not arrest the onward progress of our extend your laws over your own kindred that you || Bahamas, and all the other islands along our coast, people. They burst through it, and passed the found in the case of Texas? How long will it be except as sentinels upon our actions? Does EngRocky Mountains, and were only arrested by the before that day arrives? It may not occur in the land hold Bermuda because of any profit it is to waters of the Pacific. Who, then, is prepared to Senator's day, nor mine. But so certain as this her? Has she any other motive for retaining it exsay that in the progress of events, having met | Republic exists, so certain as we remain a united | cept jealousy whích stimulates hostility to us? Is with the barrier of the ocean in our western course, people, so certain as the laws of progress which it not the case with all of her possessions along our we may not be compelled to turn to the north and I have raised us from a mere handful to a mighty coast? Why, then, talk about the friendly bearing to the south for an outlet? How long is it since nation, shall continue to govern our action, just of England towards us when she is extending the gentleman from Delaware himself thought that so certain are these events to be worked out, and that policy every day? New treaties of frienda time would never arrive when we would want || you will be compelled to extend your protection | ship, seizure of islands, and erection of new coloCalifornia ? I am aware that he was of that opin- in that direction.
nies in violation of her treaties, seem to be the ion at the time we ratified the treaty, and an- Sir, I am not desirous of hastening the day. I order of the day. In view of this state of things, nexed it.
am not impatient of the time when it shall be I am in favor of meeting England as we meet a Mr. CLAYTON. How?
realized. I' do not wish to give any additional im- | rival; meet her boldly, treat her jastly and fairly, Mr. DOUGLAS. By his voting for Mr. Crit- pulse to our progress. We are going fast enough. || but make no humiliating concession even for the tenden's resolutions declaring that we did not But I wish our public policy, our laws, our insti. sake of peace. She has as much reason to make want any portion of Mexican territory: You will tutions, should keep up with the advance in sci- concessions to us as we have to make them to her. find your vote in this rolume which I hold in my ence, in the mechanic arts, in agriculture, and in || I would not willingly disturb the peace of the hand. I am aware that he belonged to that everything that tends to make us a great and pow- world; but, sir, the Bay Island colony must be school of politicians who thought we had territory | erful nation. Let us look the future in the face, discontinued. It violates the treaty. enough. I have not forgotten that a respectable and let us prepare to meet that which cannot be Now, Mr. President, it is not my purpose to portion of this body, but a few years ago thought | avoided. Hence I was unwilling to adopt that say another word upon our foreign relations. . I it would be preposterous to bring a country so far | clause in the treaty guraranteeing that neither have only occupied so much time as was necessary distant as California, and so little known, into the party would ever annex, colonize, or occupy any to put myself right in respect to the speech made Union. But it has been done, and now since portion of Central America. I was opposed to it by the Senator from Delaware. He advocates California has become a member of the Confeder
for another reason. It was not reciprocal. Great one line of policy in regard to our foreign relaacy, with her immense commerce and inexhaust- | Britain had possession of the Island of Jamaica. tions, and I have deemed it my duty to advocate ible resources, we are told that the time will never Jamaica was the nearest armed and fortified point another. It has been my object to put the two come when the territory lying half way between to the terminus of the canal. Jamaica at present systems by the side of each other that the public our Atlantic and Pacific possessions will be de- || commands the entrance of that canal; and all that might judge between us. sirable. Central America is too far off, because it | Great Britain desired was, inasmuch as she had is half way to California, and on the main, direct possession of the only place commanding the Mr. MASON obtained the ffoor, and on his moroute, on the very route upon which you pay | canal, to procure a stipulation that no other Power tion the further consideration of the subject was your Senators and Representatives in Congress would ever erect a fortification nearer its terminus. postponed until to-morrow. their mileage in coming to the capital of the na- That stipulation is equivalent to an agreement
RECESS. tion. The usual route of travel, the public high- | that England may fortify, but that we never shall. way, the half-way house from one portion of the Sir, when you look at the whole history of that
On motion by Mr. RUSK, it was country to the other, is so far distant that the man question, you will see that England, with her far
Ordered, That when the Senate adjourns it be to meet on
Monday next. who thinks the time will ever come when we will seeing, sagacious policy, has attempted to circumwant it is deemed a madman. scribe and restrict and restrain the free action of
EXECUTIVE SESSION. Mr. CLAYTON. Does the Senator apply this Government. When was it that Great Bri- On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proceedthose sentiments to me? I did not think so. tain seized the possession of the terminus of this ed to the consideration of Executive business; and
Mr. DOUGLAS. I simply say that such an canal? Just six days after the signing of the treaty after some time spent therein, the doors were reopinion was indicated by the vote of the gentle which secured to us California ! The moment | opened, and man on the resolution of Mr. Crittenden.
that England saw that by the pending negotiations The Senate adjourned. Mr. CLAYTON. The Senator is entirely mis- with Mexico, California was to be acquired, she taken on that point.
collected her feets, and made preparations for the Mr. DOUGLAS. In order to save time I waive seizure of the port of San Juan, in order that she
Monday, March 14, 1853. the point as to the Senator's vote, although it is might be gate-keeper on the public highway to recorded in the volume before me, and he can read
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. our own possessions on the Pacific. Within six it at his leisure. But I am not mistaken in saying days from the time we signed the treaty, England
The PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a comthat the Senator on yesterday did ridicule the idea seized by force and violence the very point nown
munication from the Post Office Department, in that we were ever to want any portion of Central controversy. Is not this fact conclusive as to her
answer to a resolution of the Senate of February America. He was utterly amazed, and in his motives? Is it not clear that her object was to
17, calling for copies of contracts entered into for amazement inquired where were these boundaries obstruct our passage to our new possessions? | via New Orleans and Vera Cruz, to San Fran
the transportation of the mails from New York, ever to cease? He wanted to know how far we Hence I do not sympathize with that feeling which were going, and if we were going to spread over the Senator expressed yesterday, that it was a
cisco; which was referred to the Committee on the the entire continent. I do not think we will do it pity to have a difference with a nation so FRIEND
Post Office and Post Roads, and ordered to be in our day, but I am not prepared to prescribe | LY'to us as ENGLAND. Sir, I do not see the evi
printed. limits to the area over which Democratic prin- dence of her friendship. It is not in the nature of
AMERICAN CITIZENS IN CUBA. ciples may safely spread. I know not what our things that she can be our friend. It is impossible Mr. JAMES submitted some documentary evidestiny may be. I try to keep up with the spirit she can love us. I do not blame her for not loving | dence in relation to the imprisonment of James H. of the age, to keep in view the history of the coun- us. Sir, we have wounded her vanity and hum- West, an American citizen, in the Island of Cuba; try, see what we have done, whither we are going, bled her pride. She can never forgive us. But which was referred to the Committee on Foreign and with what velocity we are moving, in order for us, she would be the first Power on the face of | Relations, and ordered to be printed. to be prepared for those events which it is not in the earth. But for us, she would have the pros
OFFICERS OF THE SENATE. the power of man to thwart. pect of maintaining that proud position which she
Mr. ADAMS submitted the following resoluYou may make as many treaties as you please held for so long a period. We are in her way. tion for consideration: to fetter the limits of this giant Republic, and she She is jealous of us, and jealousy forbids the idea will burst them all from her, and her course will of friendship. England does not love us; she
Resolved, That the Senate will, at this session, elect a
Secretary and Sergeant-at arms. be onward to a limit which I will not venture to cannot love us, and we do not love her either. preseribe. Why the necessity of pledging your | We have some things in the past to remember
CAPTAIN MARCY'S REPORT. faith that you will never annex any more of Mex- that are not agreeable. She has more in the pres- The following resolution, submitted by Mr. ico? Do you not know that you will be compelled ent to humiliate her that she cannot forgive. Chase on Thursday last, was agreed to: to do it; that you cannot help it; that your treaty I do not wish to administer to the feeling of Resolved, That two thousand additional copies of the rewill not prevent it, and that the only effect it will jealousy and rivalry that exists between us and port of Captain R. B. Marcy of his exploration of the waters have will be to enable European Powers to accuse England. I wish to soften and smooth it down
of the Red river, order-d to be printed by the resolution of
the Senate of the 4th of February last, be printed for the us of bad faith when the act is done, and associate as much as possible; but why close our eyes to use of the Senate; two hundred copies of which to be fur American faith and Punic faith as synonymous the fact that friendship is impossible while jeal; nished to Captain Marcy; and that two hundred copies of terms? What is the use of your guarantee that ousy exists? Hence England seizes every island
the report of Captain Sitgreaves, ordered to be printed for you will never erect any fortifications in Central | in the sea and rock upon our coast where she
the use of the Senate, be furnished to Captain Sitgreaves. America; never annex, occupy, or colonize any can plant a gun to intimidate us or to annoy our
CLAYTON-BULWER TREATY. portion of that country? How do you know that commerce. Her policy has been to seize every The Senate resumed the consideration of the you can avoid doing it? If you make the canal, military and naval station the world over. Why resolutions submitted by Mr. Clayton on Mon1 ask you if American citizens will not settle along || does she pay such enormous sums to keep her day, the 7th instant.
320 Cong....30 SESS.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
.Mr. MASON said: Mr. President, it is my de- tions. I did not participate in the debate. I did then the representative of England in this counsire to make a few remarks in reply to some of the not do it for two reasons: first, because I had not try, as a preliminary to the exchange of ratificaviews expressed by the Senator from Delaware, sufficient information to enable me to form a judg- || tions, sent to the Secretary of State this note, (Mr. Clayton,) in reference to the subject of de- ment satisfactory to myself; and secondly, because which is called a “declaration” on the part of bate before the Senate at the last session, connected the whole subject matter being before the Com- || Great Britain. with the affairs of Central America and the treaty mittee on Foreign Relations, of which I was a The British Minister says: between the United States and Great Britain in member, I thought the matter ought to be inquired
In proceeding to exchange the ratifications of the con1850.
into further before any opinion should be ex. vention, signed at Washington on the 19th of April, 1850, The treaty of 19th April, 1850, negotiated at pressed upon it. The committee made its report
between her Britannic Majesty and the l'nited States of Washington and ratified by the Senate of the near the close of the late session. That report
America, relative to the establishment of a communication
by a ship canal between the Atlantic and the Pacific United States, came back from England in the was directed to three points. The first was as to oceans, the undersigned, her Britannie Majesty's Plenipomonth of June following, having received there the alleged colony of the “ Bay Islands;" and the tentiary, has received her Majesty's instructions to declare the ratification of the British Government, and on report informed the Senate, from the best inform- that her Majesty does not understand the engagements of
that convention to apply to her Majesty's settlements at the 4th of July it was formally published underation within reach of the committee, that these
Honduras or to its dependencies. Her Majesty's ratificathe proclamation of the President, thus becoming Bay Islands, five in number, formed part of the tion of the said convention is exchanged under the explicit the supreme law of the land. We are all aware | dominion of the Republic of Honduras, and that declaration above mentioned.” that when the treaty came before the Senate, there the Republic of Honduras, being undoubtedly a It is dated the 29th of June, 1850. The language was some objection made to it, because it seemed part of Central America, any attempt to colonize of the declaration is clear and explicit. No man to involve a departure from the well-established those islands would be in contravention of the can misunderstand it. It is made a condition prepolicy of this Government to avoid all foreign alli- treaty. The second point to which the report of || cedent to the exchange of the ratification of the ance, or any alliance that might commit or entangle the committee was directed was upon the ques- | treaty. The exchange was to be made on the part us in the management of our external relations. tions connected with the British settlements at the of the British Government, with the understanding There was found in that treaty a mutual engage. Balize; and the report informed the Senate, as the “ that the engagements of that convention should ment between the two Governments-England judgment of the committee, that Great Britain
not apply to her Majesty's settlements at Honduand the United States—stipulating for the mutual held no dominion at the Balize whatsoever; that
ras or its dependencies. What are the engage protection and security, and to that extent a mu- her possessions there were mere settlements, in ments of the convention? Why the engagements, tual intervention in the affairs of foreign Powers the character of “ useful domain,” as was fully were, that Great Britain would not“ occupy, forconnected with a projected canal through the Re- established by the treaties between Great Britain | tify, colonize, or assume or exercise any dominpublic of Nicaragua. I say that this provision of and Spain; that no political character whatever | ion,” in any part of Central America. Now, says the treaty caused some difference of opinion in the was attached to the settlements, nor was there any | the British'note, it is our express understanding Senate when it came before us, as to the propriety government there except for police regulation. || that the engagements of that treaty do not apply of departing even to that extent from the existing Upon the question whether those British settle
to her Majesty's settlement at Honduras, Sir, if and well-established policy of the Government. ments at the Balize were or were not in Central
her Majesty's settlements at Honduras are within But these objections were waived, and ultimately America, the committee informed the Senate that Central America the treaty did apply to themthe treaty conciliated a large vote, because there they had been unable to obtain information suf- and the object of this note was, in such case, to was further in it, what I believe was considered ficiently precise to determine with certainty their withdraw them from its operation. The British at the time a final extinction of all claims and all exact geographic position. But, upon the proofs Government may have been in doubt as to the true pretensions to claim on the part of the British before them, the committee entertained a strong position of these settlements; and seeing, if they Government within the country termed by the opinion that they were located within the territory || should be found in Guatemala, they would come treaty “ Central America.” I think I am right in of Guatemala, and in such case, that they also under the renunciations of the treaty, their Minsaying that those provisions in the treaty concili- would constitute a part of Central America, and ister was instructed to exhibit this protest. How ated objection, and the result was that it was rati- come strictly within the renunciations of the treaty was it met ? Did the Secretary of State commit fied by a large vote.
of 1850. The third point taken was in reference to his Government to the English declaration, that Things remained in that condition, it being the the
construction that should be placed upon the cor- | the engagements of the treaty did not extend to general impression of the country that whatever respondence between the British Minister and the these settlements? He did not. He contends now, views or purposes Great Britain might have had Secretary of State at the time of the exchange of and I think contends correctly, that his note went upon the extended coast of Central America, they | the ratifications of the treaty. The result of the no further than to admit that the treaty was in no were all renounced and quieted forever by the deliberation of the committee, as shown in their
manner to affect the British title to those possestreaty of 1850. Nor did we know to the contrary | report, was, that the correspondence did nothing sions, wherever they might be situated. until during the last session of Congress, when in- || more than to express, as the opinion of the Exec- If the Secretary of State then thought, as the formation came, not in an official form, but in a utive Department of the Government, that the Senator from Delaware now thinks, that those setmanner which made a pretty strong impression treaty of 1850 left unaffected the existing rights tlements are not in Central America, why, in his upon the country, that somehow, in contravention of the British at the Balize whatever they might || answer, did he not, in two lines, say that clearly of the provisions of this treaty, Great Britain pro- be.
the engagements of the treaty did not apply to jeeted the establishment, if it had not already es- The honorable Senator from Delaware, in his
them, because they were not in Central America ? tablished, a colony within the limits of Central remarks the other day, as I understood him, ac
But, Mr. President, did he give that answer? He America upon certain islands called the Bay quiesced in all the conclusions to which the com
did not. His letter, if I may be allowed to exIslands. On the 30th of December the Senate | mittee came in their report except one, and that
press it, with entire respect to the Senator from Deladopted a resolution calling upon the President to was in the opinion expressed by the committee
aware, is not very explicit; but taking it altogether, communicate to the Senate, if not incompatible that the British settlements at the Balize were in
we can assign to it but one meaning, and that with the public interest, any information in the Central America; and the honorable Senator was meaning is: “I dissent from your proposition, possession of the Executive in relation to this pro- pleased to express himself rather in a manner of and am not prepared to say that the British setjected colony. The President replied to that res- | anticipated triumph. He said:
tlements are not in Central America.” The terms olution in dúe time, and informed us substantially “I join issue with the committee upon that point; and of his note are: that he had no information on the subject, and that am prepared to show to the honorable Senator (the chairman we had no diplomatic agent or government funcof Foreign Relations) by abundant authority, that these
“The language of the first article of the Convention, conBritish settlements at the Balize are not in Central Amer- cluded on the 19th day of April last, between the United tionary of any kind in that quarter from whom ica, but that they are in Mexico, in the Province of Yuca
States and Great Britain, describing the country not to be information could be derived." But with the mes.
occupied, &c., by either of the parties, was, as you know, sage the President communicated a correspondence I confess I was somewhat surprised at the very
twice approved by your Government; and it was neither
understood by them, nor by either of us, (the negotiators,) .which had taken place between the British Minis- decided tone of the Senator in joining this issue. to include the British settlement in Honduras, (commonly ter at Washington and the Secretary of State at The committee had not assumed it. The comthe time the ratifications of the treaty of 1850 were mittee presented to the Senate the best opinion
duras,) nor the small islands in the neighborhood of that exchanged. And so far as I am informed, it was they could form upon the state of the information
settlement, which may be known as its dependencies. To
this settlement, and these islands, the treaty we negotiated then, for the first time, made known that any- | before them, and they presented the question in was not intended by either of us to apply." thing had been appended to that treaty, or in any the alternative, and in the alternative strictly. If
If he had stopped there, it would import premanner connected with it, under the shadow of these settlements are in Central America, then of cisely
what the honorable Senator now sàys is the which the Government of Great Britain might as- course any extension of British dominion there will geographical fact. It would have imported that sume the right to continue its intervention or its be in violation of the treaty. If not, then the treaty
the engagement of the treaty did not apply to those dominion within the limits of Central America. does not apply. The committee expressed as
settlements, because they were not within the preA communication of such transaction produced its opinion, that which I now entertain, but with
scribed limits. But it does not stop there. In the a strong sensation in this body. It was made the guarded reference to the state of its information, occasion of an extended debate, and amongst
very next line the Secretary adds: That these settlements are in the Republic of Gua
" The title to them, it is now and has been my intention, others who participated in it were the honorable temala, and therefore in Central America. I was throughout the whole negotiation, to leave, as the treaty Senator from Michigan, (Mr. Cass,] whose ab- surprised at the very decided tone of the honorable leaves it, without denying, affirming, or in any way medsence and the cause of that absence we all regret; Senator from Delaware in joining issue with the
dling with the same, just as stood previously.” the honorable Senator from Illinois, (Mr. Doug- committee. I was surprised at it, because it was So that when the British Minister called upon "Las, and the honorable Senator from Louisiana, utterly inconsistent with the letter which he wrote the Secretary of State to admit that none of the [Mr. Soule. There were others, I believe, who in reply to the protest of the British Minister- engagements of the treaty applied to the British took part in the debate, with a view to illustrate the utterly inconsistent. Let us advert to it.
settlements at Honduras, the Secretary of State character of the correspondence, and its bearing I have said that the treaty of 1850 came back said, in substance, “ I will make no such admisupon the stipulations of the treaty. The subject from London with the ratification of the British || sion, but I will admit that none of the engagements was referred to the Committee on Foreign Rela- || Government. Sir Henry L. Bulwer, who was of that treaty are intended to affect the title of
called British Honduras, as distinct from the State of Hon
32 CONG.....30 SESS.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
contrived to mix several exact notions derived from the
Great Britain to those settlements, let them lie is not the true term and may be calculated to mis- speaking here of the province of Merida or Yucawhere they may, whether in Central America or lead. The honorable Senator from Michigan, in tan, and of the British settlements, that he meant
I say, then, that the honorable Secretary | debating this subject, at the first impression, when to say they formed a part of Yucatan, yet it is by of State was guarded, and properly guarded, in the message of the President came in, assumed at no means conclusive. refraining from making the admission asked for once, “Why, who can doubt that they are in Cen- The honorable Senator then refers to a Spanish in the British " declaration.” What the British | tral America ?—are they not geographically in that writer, Alcedo, on whom he seems to place great Minister wanted, was an admission that the treaty | portion of America which lies between the two reliance. I have looked also into this work-a did not apply to these settlements, whether in continents? Who can fail to see where North large geographical dictionary, a compilation-but Central America or no. The Secretary of State America terminates, and where South America | I think the honorable Senator himself will not refused to admit the protest to that extent, but begins, and that the intermediate strip of country ascribe much authority to Mr. Alcedo when he confined it to the single question of the title; and is of course Central America ?" Geographically i finds that Alcedo has been discredited by Humhe substantially declared, “I will not agree that the Senator from Michigan was right, but politi- boldt, who is certainly far more worthy of reliance. the engagements do not apply to the British set- cally he may have been wrong, because the ques. I find that Humboldt complains that the English tlement åt Honduras, but I will agree that they | tion at last is, What is meant by “Central Amer- | geographer Pinkerton had pirated and misused his do not apply to your title. ica?"
materials. In speaking of that piracy, he refers But, wir, the honorable Secretary of State went The terms “ Central America" are, so far as I to Alcedo, and says: further in that note, and fully and clearly devel- can learn, not known to the country they are in “Mr. Pinkerton, in the second edition of his Modern oped that he did not mean to commit himself as to tended to designate, and confusion and difficul- | Geography, has endeavored to give a minute description
He the geographical position of the settlements.
of the Spanish possessions in North America; and he has ties not unfrequently arise from the misuse of goes on to inform the British Minister that the words. The five separate republics classed under Viajero Universal with the most vague data furnished by difficulty arises out of the question as to what are that designation, comprised under the Spanish the dictionary of M. Alcedo. This author, who believes the limits of Central America. Now, sir, what rule, the captain-generalcy of Guatemala, and
himself to possess a singular knowledge of the true territo
rial divisions of New Spain, considers the Provinces of difficulty had there arisen out of the question as were at that time, the provinces of Guatemala, Sonora, Sinaloa, and La Pimeria, as parts of New Biscay. to the limits of Central America but from the fact Honduras, San Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa He divides what he calls the dominions (domaine) of Mexthat the limits of Central America must be ascer. Rica. These provinces in the year 1821 threw
ico into the districts of Nueva Galicia, Panuco, Zacatulo,
&c., &c. According to this principle we should say that tained before he could assent to the extent to off their allegiance to Spain, and in 1824 they
the three great divisions of Europe are Spain, Languedoc, which the British protest went? His language is: | formed a confederacy, modeled very much after Catalonia, and the territories of Cadiz and Bordeaux."
“ The difficulty that now arises seems to spring from the the example of the United States, under the name Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain, by Baron use, in our convention, of the term "Central Ainerica,' which of the “ Confederation of the Centre of America." Huinboldt, vol. 1, p. 263–4-5. we adopted because Viscount Palmerston had assented to Still, I take for granted we may safely assume That is the way he introdnces Alcedo to the it and used it as the proper term, we naturally supposing that, on this account, it would be satisfactory to your Gov.
what the treaty calls “ Central America” to mean consideration of all historians and geographers. ernment; but if your Government now intend to delay the those republics which united under the title of the I say, then, that Alcedo is discredited by Humexchange of ratifications until we shall have fixed the “ Centre of America," and to affirm of the latter boldi, and not discredited only, but discredited in precise limits of Central America, we must defer further whatever is predicated of the former.
a manner to show, in the opinion of Humboldt, action until we have further information on both sides, to which at present we have no means of resort, and which it
I do not know how far the archives of the old that there is no great degree of merit to be ascribed is certain we could not obtain before the term fixed for Spanish dominions upon the southern continent to any of those writers who have attempted to exchanging the ratifications would expire."
will be found, when examined, clearly to ascertain trace, from early records, the boundaries between And he adds:
and fix the boundaries or divisions between the the Spanish provinces. “But on some future occasion a conventional article, provinces. I am not informed on that subject. I I would suggest, then, to the Senator from Delaclearly stating what are the limits of Central America,
have had some occasion to make inquiry in refer- | ware, that for the future conduct of this question, might become advisable.”
ence to our disputed boundaries with Mexico, and as it may involve the interests of this country, it Now, sir, why that language? Why inform
have found that the boundaries between the prov- would be safer for him to repose on his note, conthe British minister that if you make a difficuliy, inces were generally of an unsettled and indeter- nected with the treaty of 1850, where he guardabout Central America it will defeat the treaty ? | minate character. How far the same may be edly refuses any admission, than to recur to the Why inform the British minister if “ you insist affirmed of the boundary between Mexico and the speech which he made a few days ago, when he upon a committal now as to the limits of Central captain-generalcy of Guatemala, I am uninformed, presented an argument to establish it as a fact, a America we must wait until we get further in- | but so far as I can get information, I am strongly geographical fact, that the British settlements at formation on both sides?” Why inform the Bri- || disposed to believe, when these boundaries are as- Balize were to be found in Mexico, and not in tish minister " that at some future day a conven- certained that the British settlements on Honduras Central America. tional article clearly stating what are the limits of bay, as they are prescribed by the treaties with One authority cited by the honorable Senator Central America might become advisable:" Why Spain, will be found to lie altogether within the was Arrowsmith, who published a map of Gualenot at once have agreed to the terms of the British limits of the captain-generalcy of Guatemala, and
mala in 1826. The honorable Senator was kind note, without reference to any necessity for determnot of New Spain or Mexico.
enough to give me access to it. That map purining by further inquiry the boundaries of Cen
The first authority to which the honorable Sen- | ports to have been reduced from the survey in the tral America, if the fact was clear, as he now as- ator referred in his attempt to establish the posi- archives of Guatemala-a declaration on the part sumes, that the British settlements were not within tion that they were not in Central America, was of Arrowsmith which, in the judgment of the honthose boundaries? Sir, I appeal from the Senator
Humboldt, upon whom he relied, and justly re- orable Senator, entitles it to high credit. Now, from Delaware to the Secretary of State; I arraign lied, as one of the most authentic writers upon the Mr. President, all geographers are conversant with the Senator from Delaware before the Secretary subject of the Spanish possessions in America. I the maps of Arrowsmith. He is, perhaps, now of State. I say the Secretary of State refused to have referred to Humboldt; and although it may one of the largest map-makers in the world, and make the admission which the Senator from Del
be that he meant to describe these British settle- to whom, I believe great credit is generally given aware now attempts to establish. Why, sir, the
ments as within the province of Yucatan, yet it is for accuracy. But Arrowsmith has this remarkSenator spoke with a tone of triumph, almost by no means a clear question. On page 170, the able fact connected with his maps: He does not scouting the idea that there could be any differ- page to which the Senator referred, Humboldt, | date them; not one in twenty, so far as my observaence of opinion, and claimed in his speech to show speaking of the intendency of Merida, or the pen.
tion goes, will you find dated. But it is a little conclusively that the settlements were not in Cen: insula of Yucatan, after describing the face of remarkable that this map of 1826 is dated, and tral America. I say, then, with all the respect the country, climate, &c., says:
claims to have been compiled from surveys to be which I bear to that gentleman both as a gentle
“The ruins of European edifices discoverable in the Isl
found in the archives of Guatemala. man and a Senator, that I appeal from the Sena- and Cosumel, in the midst of a grove of palm trees, indi- The honorable Senator informed us, in introdutor from Delaware to the Secretary of State on this
cate that this island, which is now uninhabited, was, at cing the map, that it was one entitled to peculiar question of boundary.
the commencement of the conquest, peopled by Spanish The report of the Committee on Foreign Relacolonists. Since the settleinent of the English between
confidence, because the British Government was Omo and Rio Hondo, the government, to diminish the con
anxious to ascertain where those settlements were, tions, with which upon this point the Senator from traband trade, concentrated the Spanish and Indian popu- and therefore it sent a deputation to Guatemala Delaware has declared he joins issue, does not as
lation in the part of the peninsula west from the mountains to examine the archives. . He informed us that
of Yucatan. Colonists are not permitted to settle on the sume as a fact upon which the action of this Gov.
the anxiety of the British Government to know western coast* on the banks of the Rio Bacalar and Rio ernment is to be based, that the British settlements Hondo."— Political Essay on the Kingdom of New Spain,
where the British settlements were arose from this: are in Central America. The report of the com- by Baron Humboldt, vol. 2, page 160.
that since the dominion of Spain had ended, ? mittee has guardedly avoided, as the Senator when Secretary of State avoided, any committal on this
Now, Humboldt is giving us here information
Great Britain was at a loss to know who was her as to the effect that had been operated upon the
landlord in regard to these settlements whether point; but the committee in the report, from the Indians and the other population of Yucatan by
she was to treat with Mexico or Guatemala upon information before it, expressed as its opinion, when the question comes to be accurately ascermeans of these British setilements; that is to say,
the subject of those possessions; and therefore it because of the contraband trade which sprung up
became a matter of interest to England to send an tained, it will be found that the settlements are in Guatemala; and if they are in Guatemala, they in the British settlements, the Government of Yu
agent to Guatemala to learn it, and the result was, then come under the provisions of the treaty, any catan had withdrawn its population, but he does
said he, this map of Arrowsmith of 1826. I declarations subsequent to the treaty to the connot say, as a matter of geographic history, that
believe I have stated the honorable Senator's posibecause the British settlements were between the
tion correctly. He further informed us, that by trary notwithstanding. It is in that point of view, Rio Omoa and the Rio Hondo, they were to be
means of that investigation Great Britain found and in that alone, that the question is one of in- i found in the province of Yucatan, neither does he
that her settlements at Honduras bay were in the terest to us. This term Central America, which the honorable Senator says was put into the treaty
tell us that the Rio Hondo was a river of Yuca Province of Yucatan, and she proceeded to treat, because it was used by Viscount Palmerston, and tan. I say, therefore, although it may be when
and did treat, with Mexico accordingly in refer
ence to them. It is a little unfortunate for the approved by the British Government, as it seems
*Evidently eastern coast.-Trans.
Senator's theory that there is a seeming conflict
320 Cong....30 Sess.
Special Session-Clayton-Bulwer Treaty.
of dates, because the treaty was made in 1826, England is not territorially interested in the ques- the Senator boldly affirms, that he was an imposand the map was published in England in the tion of boundary between Guatemala and Yuca- tor-to establish which, he avers that he was a same year, and it is hardly to be presumed that tan. England is interested only to know the mere bearer of dispatches, whilst claiming to be a the treaty followed so immediately upon the pro- boundaries prescribed by Spain to her settlements; minister to a foreign court; and again, that whilst mulgation of the map. I have taken the precau- but whether they lie in Guatemala or in Mexico he assumed to have been sent by the Federal tion to look into other maps of Arrowsmith in || is not the question which interests her. Her Government of Central America to England, he reference to these British possessions, and have rights remain the same, be they where they may. was in truth but an emissary of the separate State found what any Senator will find who will examine We are interested in it only under the treaty of of Guatemala. then, that they are made exclusively with refer- | 1850, because Great Britain has stipulated thai she These positions of the Senator to discredit the ence to British pretension, and without any earthly | will not colonize in Central America. We are State of Guatemala, and with it all evidence deregard to the existing state of facts-geographical interested, therefore, in knowing whether the rived from that Republic, I think will furnish no or political
settlements of England are or are not in Central bad exemplar of the mode in which the Senator Sir, there is a map of Arrowsmith,
a very large | America. That is our interest. England may have has dealt with the argument against the English map, in the office of the Secretary of the Senate, a like interest as against us; but against the Re- pretensions, and I shall therefore present the facts a map of the West India Islands and the coast of public of Guatemala she has none. She has not to the Senate as they appear in the documents to Central America opposite. It has no date, but you the slightest interest as to the disputed boundary which the report of the committee had reference. will find upon it that the British settlements at Ba- | between Guatemala and Yucatan. Then I say In 1834, the Secretary of Foreign Affairs of the lize are laid down, as they should be, between the confidently, that for the present at least, and until “ Confederation of Central America,” by letter to Rio Hondo on the north, and the Rio Sipon on we are further informed, we are to take as true Mr. Forsyth, then Secretary of State, introduced the south. These are the treaty limits with Spain | what we are officially informed by Guatemala is to him a certain Colonel John Galindo, who, he as prescribed by the treaty of 1786. And then, if true, that the British settlements are in her terri- informs Mr. Forsyth, had been sent by the Govyou will extend your walk into the Library, you tory. Upon survey and examination, conducted ernment of Central America as a Commissioner will find a large atlas, published by Arrowsmith, in the proper manner to determine the question of accredited” to the Government of England, to again without date, in which you will find the boundary, let the facts be what they may, when- lay before the latter Government the complaints British possessions at Balize extended as far down ever established we will assent; but for the present of Central America against the aggressions of the as the river Sarstoon, embracing an extent, it is I shall repose upon the assertion of Guatemala, English settlers at Balize-a most unwelcome topic said, of one hundred and fifty miles below the that these settlements are within her territory, and certainly to England; and Mr. Forsyth was fursouthern limit of the treaty; so that this author, take it as prima facie true.
ther informed that Colonel Galindo was instructed upon whom the Senator relies to settle this geo- But, sir, we have some further proof on this to come first to the United States, and to ask the graphical question, on the author's own word that subject which I was concerned to find met with good offices of this Government to aid him in his his map is compiled from the archives of Guate- || little favor at the hands of the Senator from Dela- mission to England. He was received by Mr. mala, lays down the British possessions on his ware-some further Guatemalan authorities. I Forsyth in due form as the representative of Cenmap, noi as they are prescribed by the treaty, but have said, in one of the maps of Arrowsmith, tral America, but, for reasons satisfactory to our as successive encroachments by the settlers have | (that found in the atlas,) the British possessions, Government doubtless, but which do not appear enlarged them, according to the treaty limits in which in a previous map he had correctly defined in the correspondence, interference on our part the earlier map, and according to the British tres- | by the limits prescribed in the Spanish treaty, are was declined.' Colonel Galindo went on his way passes in the later map.
extended very far south of the treaty line, and to England, and that Government declined receiv. I say, then, with all possible respect to the liter- as low as the river Sarstoon. The treaty made ing him as the representative of Central America, ature of that country and to those who have || with Spain in 1783, clearly defined the limits of on the ground that he was a British subject, and charge of the geographical portions of it, that when those British settlements; they were bounded on therefore could not be accredited as the representBritish interests are concerned, there is not the the south by the river Wallis or Balize, and on ative of a foreign Power. slightest credit to be given to this map-maker, the north by the Rio Hondo. Three years after- It was in this manner that England evaded Arrowsmith.
wards, in 1786, by a new treaty between Spain the remonstrance of Central America, shielding And thus, sir, although Arrowsmith claims in and England, the southern boundary was extend- herself behind the arrogance of British law, which 1826 to have compiled his map from the archives | ed to the river Sipon or Tabon, so that from that acknowledges no expatriation-once a ubject of of Guatemala, and thus to throw those settlements day to this, without question as far as the title is England's monarch, always a subject. Colonel in Mexico, yet in the year 1832, an official map concerned, the British possessions at Balize, by Galindo, it seems, was of Irish birth. was published by the Republic of Guatemala, in the treaty are confined to the country between the Such was his mission, and such its termination. which the whole of these settlements are shown river Sipon on the south, and the Hondo on the Central America was too feeble a Power to enforce to be comprised within the limits of that Republic. north; but yet, as I said, on this map of Arrow a hearing at the haughty Court of St. James; but I have that map in the committee room, and in- smith, (the map-maker on whom the Senator re- I demand to know through what sympathy is her tended to have brought it up with me, but it es- lies,) you will find these British settlements ex- accredited minister now to be denounced in our caped my recollection; any gentleman, however, tended as low as the Sarstoon river, a river American Senate as an impostor? who is curious on the subject, may examine it for emptying as far south as the bight of the Bay of Mr. Forsyth in a letter to Mr. Murphy, who himself. It is an atlas published in Guatemala, | Honduras, giving, it is said, forty-five leagues of was the confidential agent of the United States at entitled “ An Atlas of Guatemala, in eight maps, sea-coast outside of the treaty limits to the British Central America, speaks of Colonel Galindo in prepared and engraved in Guatemala by order of settlements. Now, we have what Guatemala said this language: the Chief of the State, C. D'Mariano Galves.” on that subject in 1835, contained in a letter from “ Colonel Galindo, a distinguished officer in the Central The north and northwestern boundary of Guate- a gentleman who, I was also concerned to find, American army, was bearer of the application of his Govmala, although called “line undefined,” is there met with little favor at the hands of the Senator north of the Rio Hondo, which river by the map is from Delaware-Colonel Galindo, or Don Juan
In the letter quoted, from the Secretary of Foraltogether within the limits of Guatemala. The Galindo, whichever may please the Senator best. eign Affairs of Central America to Mr. Forsyth, author of that map is a certain Alejandro Marure, Colonel Galindo, who was a minister or commis
he says that a grant of land had been made by the professor of history and geography in the Acad. sioner from the confederacy of Central America State of Guatemala to a certain company for puremy of Sciences of the State of Guatemala. to Great Britain in 1835, in a letter addressed to
poses of colonization, and that the colonists had Here, then, is a map published at Guatemala, the Secretary of State, Mr. Forsyth, gives him
been driven off by the English settlers. This was by direction of the government of Guatemala, the following information:
the cause of Colonel Galindo's mission in England. drawn by one of their most eminent literary char- “ The authorittes of Balize took upon themselves, in No
In the same letter that Secretary says, speaking of acters, showing the Rio Hondo, which is the north- vember last, to declare their limits to be the Hondo on the
the boundaries of Guatemala," the Rio Hondo ern boundary of the British settlements, to be alto
north, the Sarstoon on the south, and on the west a line forms the boundary between Guatemala and Yu
drawn parallel to the coast through Garbutt's Falls, in the gether within the limits of Guatemala; and yet the
catan." If that be true, it settles the whole quesriver Balize, thus extending the old grant by at least fivehonorable Senator says you are to give no credit
tion as to whether these possessions are or are not in the world to the map, because Guatemala was This gentleman, who was sent from Guatemala
in Central America. Is it true? The honorable interested in the matter; but you are to ascribe all to England to remonstrate upon the subject of these
Senator from Delaware says it is false, and underfaith to the British map-maker, because he says British trespasses in that country, informed the
takes to show that it is false; and he makes that his map is compiled from materials in the archives | Secretary of State, in 1835, that the authorities of
assertion upon such authority as the British mapof that State. I say, sir, that in my judgment, I Balize claimed, in contravention of the treaty, as
maker, Arrowsmith, in direct contradiction to the would rely, for the present at least, upon the map far south as the Sarstoon river; and here you find
solemn asseveration made by the Minister of Forof the State of Guatemala, which has the credit | upon the map of Arrowsmith, to which I have ad
eign Affairs in Central America. To give this and the faith of the State of Guatemala attached verted, that convenient map-maker, the British
history, however, correctly, I will quote it at large to it, because it was published under its authority. possessions extending to that river. I have now
from the letter of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, I ask the honorable Senator from Delaware, how had brought to me the map published by Guate
as follows: are we to know the boundaries of any nation but || mala, to which I referred, and any Senator who
" The Rio Hondo forms the boundary between Guatemala from the declaration or prescription of the nation desires may look at it; and it will be found that
and Yucatan, and consequently the whole of the grant
made by her Catholic Majesty to the British cutters is itself? Every nation has a right to assert its own the British possessions are fixed within the limits within the sovereignty of Central America: however, the boundaries as against others who are not territori- of the State of Guatemala. I rely upon that until Mexican States, in their treaty with Great Britain, took ally interested, and they are to be taken, if not the contrary is shown.
upon themselves to sanction the said grant of the Spanish as absolutely, certainly prima facie true. We There was another part of the report of the
monarch ; in consequence of which the English settlers
again possessed themselves of the southern bank of the have no territorial interest in the boundary of Committee on Foreign Relations upon which the Hondo, but never took any measures 10 disoccupy the Guatemala. We have no contiguous territory, Senator animadverted. I mean the information country to the west and south, which, in every view, they and no disputed line between us; and I say to the communicated by Colonel Galindo, who was sent
had only held as an equivalent.” Senator from Delaware, that England has none. I upon this mission to England. Of this gentleman It then goes on to say:
ernment to ours."
“In consequence of the grants of land made of that ter- that her settlements there remain undisturbed and after some time spent therein, the doors were ritory by the State of Guatemala to certain Central Ameri- within the limits and under the rights acquired reopened, and the Senate adjourned. can citizens, and an European colonization company, the authorities of Balize took upon themselves, in November
from Spain. But she has not the right to cololast, to declare their limits to be the Hondo on the north, nize, to fortify, or to assume, or to exercise any
TUESDAY, March 15, 1853. the Sarstoon on the south, and on the west a line drawn dominion or jurisdiction greater than that existing parallel to the coast through Garbutt's Falls, in the river before the treaty of 1850.
Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. C. M. BUTLER. Balize, thus exceeding the old grant by at least fivefold.”
Mr. President, I do not intend to prosecute this The PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a Here, then, is a complaint made by our sister
discussion further. Whenever a question shall communication from the Secretary of the Navy, Republic, the Confederation of the Centre of Amer
come up between the two Governments, the Uni- in answer to a resolution of the Senate calling for ica, to the United States, upon whose justice and
ted States and England, as to the proper construc- information in regard to the contract made with strength it relied against these British aggressions | tion of this treaty, the stipulations in regard to Howland & Aspinwall for the supply of coal for at Honduras bay, in which they state their title, Central America, or as to the effect, if any, upon the Japan expedition; which was ordered to be and say that their boundary is the Rio Hondo. | the text of the treaty, by the subsequent dec- printed. The honorable Senator from Delaware says that
laration and correspondence between the Secretary On motion by Mr. EVERETT, it was no earthly credit is to be given to what comes
of State and the British minister, we shall be pre- Ordered, That two thousand additional copies of the from that quarter, because they are interested;
message of the President of the United States, communiand for what reason does he say it? What is the pared to meet it. Sir, peace in our beloved coun
cated to the Senate on the 8th instant, transmitting the re end to be attained by the honorable Senator, if he | try is to be preferred over everything except na
port of the Secretary of State in relation to the fisheries on tional safety and national honor. That statesman could prove his proposition to be true that these
the coasts of the British North American Provinces, be settlements are not in Central America, except
or that man who would precipitate his country printed for the use of the Senate. that he would then show they were withdrawn into a war carelessly, recklessly, or idly, upon the
PAPERS WITHDRAWN. from the obligations of the treaty of 1850 ? assertion of any abstract opinion, would go down,
On motion by Mr. THOMPSON, of Kentucky, Sir, there was communicated by that gentleman, | But that statesman or that inan who would jeopard as he would deserve, to posterity with execration.
it was Colonel Galindo to Mr. Forsyth, a paper which the national honor or the national safety, from
Ordered, That E. P. Colkins have leave to withdraw his none can read without seeing that it is the work
petition and papers from the files of the Senate. any fear of war, would go down with deeper exeof a man of ability. It is a remonstrance drawn cration still. For one, I am prepared to say, that
On motion by Mr. RUSK, it was up by a certain Mr. Annilia, who, Colonel Ga
Ordered, That Harriet F. Fisher have leave to withdraw lindo informed the Secretary, was a member of || begiven to the treaty, England must be held strictly while a fair, a legitimate, a just construction is to
her petition and papers from the files of the Senate. the Congress of the Confederation from the State
EXECUTIVE SESSION. of Guatemala. It was published in Guatemala,
to its engagements. The governments of Central
America are weak and feeble-they are powerless On motion by Mr. MASON, the Senate proand was intended to present to the people of Guatemala their true position in reference to the Brit- | against England. In 1835 she refused to hear ceeded to the consideration of Executive business;
their remonstrance against aggressions under Brit- and, after some time spent therein, the doors were ish settlements; and he draws a picture which will show to us, and to any who will read'it, that these
ish authority. Now, by this treaty of 1850, the reopened. settlements within the territory of Guatemala, not honor of this country is sternly committed to pre
CLAYTON-BULWER TREATY. only caused endless discord and trouble, but would
serve the integrity of every part of Central Amer-
The Senate resumed the consideration of the ruin the resources of Guatemala by the cupidity of British merchants. This gentleman, a member
Sir, the Government of Old England is known resolution submitted by Mr. Clayton on the 7th -well known. It is great, mighty, and power
instant. of the Congress of Central America; also claims, ful, and not great, mighty, and powerful alone;
Mr. CLAYTON. I have now heard both the in direct terms, that the whole of the settlements
but wise and sagacious. Look at her! Why, it | Senator from Illinois (Mr. Douglas) and the Senare within their territory. His language is this:
has been truly said that the sun never sets upon her | ator from Virginia, (Mr. Mason,) and shall reply “In the year 1783, the Spanish Government, which, until then, exercised in this country the power which they
dominion! The world is circled by her “martial to both. First, let me notice the remarks of the had acquired by conquest, agreed that the subjects of his
airs," as was beautifully and strongly said by the honorable chairman of the Committee on Foreign Britannic Majesty might cut dye or Campeachy wood lamented Webster. Look at our own continent ! || Relations (Mr. Mason) in defense of his report. within the district prescribed for them, between the rivers From the Island of Trinidad, at the mouth of the The Senator from Illinois, who is a member of Hondo and Balize, or Belese, which are in our territory." || Orinoco, to the Cape of Florida, you find her en- that committee, says for himself, by way of ex
He then goes on to depict the mischiefs, the inju- | trenched on a cordon of islands. We cannot put cuse, I suppose, that he was not present when it ries, and the evils under which the Republic of Gua- | her out of them. She commands the southern was read in committee, and, accordingly, he does temala was laboring, on accountof the contraband outlet of the Caribbean sea, and at the Bahamas, || not attempt to defend it. The late Senator from trade carried on in the British settlements. He the Gulf of Mexico. She is fortified everywhere. Kentucky, (Mr. UNDERWOOD,) another member speaks, as I have read, of the aggressions of the
Why? To protect her fleets in a state of war, of the committee, announced his dissent from it settlers extending their limits beyond the proper || and further her commerce in a state of peace when the report was made. The honorable chairsouthern boundary, and he says:
How is it in the eastern hemisphere? She com- man, (Mr. Mason,] for whom I have great respect, “ But the transaction of which they ought to be ashamed is, by a strange process, made the ground of a title ; for
mands the Mediterranean sea at Gibraltar; the pass | defends it still, after all I have said to refute it.
between Africa and Sicily, at Malta, and recently, // But it cannot escape observation that he has not those gentlemen affirm that they have a right to retain all they occupied up to the year 1821. If it were true that
as late as 1839, she has mastered the enterprise of been able to produce any authority to sustain it they could thus establish a legal claim, to what, with their commanding the route to India, by seizing the besides that which the report itself sets forth. activity, and our apathy, would they not foon pretend? Be- fortress of Aden at the Straits of Babelmandel, || What was that? Why, nothing more, according sides, by giving the provisional settlement in question the importance of a colony, and making it, with the provinces
the Arabian “ Gate of Tears." I do not complain to his own present showing, than the assertion by that composed the ancient kingdom of Guatemala, some of
of that. We have no right to complain. Eng-|| Guatemala in some maps, purely ex parte maps, its inhabitants advance other arguments, which, although land is wise in her generation. She reposes upon each entitled to no more credit than a plat of a easy to refute, it is not the object which I have in view.
her own strength. If other nations permit her to farm made by a man claiming it who has never Now, Mr. President, it has never been assumed seize and retain such strongholds on the eastern been in possession of it and never sought to obon the part of the Committee on Foreign Rela- | hemisphere, be it so; but upon this continent she tain it. But I do not agree with him that the tions, nor have I assumed it in the debate here, has gone as far as she can go, consistent with the maps he has produced do prove that Guatemala as a fact upon which the action of this Govern- | safety and interest of this country. Now, sir, I makes any claim to the Balíze territory within the ment is to be founded in reference to the British
am prepared to make no charge. I am unin- || limits of the treaty of 1786. The map made by treaty, that these possessions are in Central Amer. || formed upon the subject. We are told that these order of the chief of the State of Guatemala, c. ica. I assume only so far as we are informed that British settlers at the Balize are constantly tres- D. Mariano Galvez, appears, like every other map the weight of authority is on that side. I say that passing upon Central America; that they have made by Guatemala which I have seen, to he conthe Republic of Guatemala claimsit-claims it not endeavored more than once to seize the Bay Isl- || structed without scientific arrangement, and on its only through her official documents, to which I
ands, and colonize them. Intelligence in the pub- own face unreliable; and, if I understand it, the have referred, but through her official maps; and lic journals of this very day tell us of some new chairman is entirely mistaken in his inference from that in the present posture of the question, we are aggression committed in Honduras by the British | it, that it includes Balize within the limits of the bound to take that as prima facie true. Sir, du- authorities there. Still they are in' report and State of Guatemala. The lines appear to be dotring the last Congress a mission was instituted
rumor only. I make, therefore, no charge of ted which are to designate her boundaries, and to these Governments of Central America, and a
bad faith or violation of the treaty, because I have dotted lines are marked around Balize, as if to minister will be sent there doubtless with the in
not information to justify me in making such a exhibit it as a separate territory. The honorable struction to obtain and report to his Government charge. But, sir, just as certain as the seasons
chairman and I draw different inferences from the accurate information upon this whole subject, and return and the earth revolves in its orbit, this same paper, and the paper itself is no authority particularly as to the geographical position of continent, so far as it interests the welfare and for either of us. ihese British settlemerts. We shall probably safety of the United States, must be freed from the As to his remarks on the passages from Humknow at the next session of Congress whether | aggressions of England.
boldt and Alcedo quoted by me, I can only desire those seulements are in Central America or not,
others to look at them and decide between us. and when that fact is established the proper action
Mr. CLAYTON commenced replying to Mr.
Humboldt does not, in the passage cited by the of the Government will follow in respect to the Douglas and Mr. Mason, but after speaking honorable Senator, discredit Alcedo in reference treaty of 1850.
nearly an hour without concluding, gave way for The report of the Committee on Foreign Relaa motion to postpone the further consideration of another matter. The honorable Senator was en
to this question, but differs from him in regard to tions on this branch of the inquiry committed to the subject until to-morrow.
tirely silent in regard to all the other authorities them, submits only that prima facie the title is
I quoted, except the map of Guatemala published with Guatemala; and if this be so, the result in On motion by Mr. ADAMS, the Senate pro- by Arrowsmith, the royal hydrographer, in Janregard to England, in reference to the treaty, is, li ceeded to the consideration of Executive business, II uary, 1826, which he admits proves all I stated if