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THE present Work is designed, not only for private reading, but as a text book for the highest classes in our Common Schools and Academies. It is also adapted to the use of those, who are more advanced, and have left school, after having passed through the commor branches of education. It may also be studied with ad vantage by those, who have arrived at maturer years, but whose pursuits have not allowed them leisure to acquire a thorough knowledge of the Republican Consti tution of Government, under which they live. Some of the subjects, which are here treated of, may seem remote from those topics, which ordinarily engage the attention of our youth, and some of them may seem to be of such an abstract political nature, that the full value of them can scarcely be felt, except by persons, who have had some experience of the duties and difficulties of social life. But, I think, that it will be found, upon closer examination, that an objection of this sort can properly apply to very few passages in the Work; and that even those, which fal within the scope of the objection, will furnish sources of reflection, and means of knowledge, which will essentially aid the student in his future progress, and place him, as it were, upon the vantage ground, to master the leading principles of politics, and public policy. The Work has been framed upon the basis of my larger

Commentaries on the Constitution, which are already be fore the Public. And one of the advantages, which it possesses, 's, that the reader will find every one of the topics here discussed, examined almost in the same order, far more completely in those Commentaries, if his curios ty or his leisure shall prompt him to more thorough researches. I have endeavored, as far as practicable, to make the remarks intelligible to every class of readers, by embodying them in plain and unambitious language, so as to give the Work a just claim to the title of being "A Familiar Exposition of the Constitution of the United States." If it shall tend to awaken in the bosoms of American Youth, a more warm and devoted attachment to the National Union, and a more deep and firm love of the National Constitution, it will afford me very sincere gratification, and be an ample compensation for the time, which has necessarily been withdrawn from my other pressing avocations, in order to prepare it.

An Appendix has been added, containing some im portant public Documents, which may serve to confirm or illustrate the Text.

With these few suggestions, I submit the Work to the indulgent consideration of the Public, adopting the ex pressive motto of the poet,—

"Content, if here th' unlearned their wants may view,
The learned reflect on what before they knew."


Cambridge, January 1, 1840.

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