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EDITED BY

1. SMITH HOMANS, (SECRETARY OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE STATE OF NEW-YORK,)

AND WILLIAM B. DANA.

VOLUME FORTY-FOURTH,
FROM JANUARY TO JUNE, INCLUSIVE, 1861.

New-York:
PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM B. DANA,
CHAMBER Or COMMERCE AND UNDERWRITERS' BUILDING, No. 61 AND 63 WILLIAM STREET.

.

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A. N. Bell, M. D., of Brooklyn, L. I.
J. RUSSELL BRADFORD, of Boston, Mass.
S. De Witt BLOODGOOD, of New-York City.
Alvin Bronson, Chairman Board of Trade, Oswego, N. Y.
WILLIAM B. Dana, of New-York.
E. HASKET DERBY, of Boston, Mass.
L. Hamilton, of Cincinnati, Ohio.
I. Smith Homans, of New-York.
Thomas P. KETTELL.
PROF. LEONE LEVI, of London.
PROF. C. F. McKay, of Georgia.
C. S. STERLING, of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Isaac H. Upton, Agent N. Y. Board of Underwriters.
COMMANDER J. H. WARD, U. S. Navy.
J. W. Scott, of Toledo, Ohio.
C. F. Wreaks, Secretary Neptune Marine Insurance Co., N. Y.

ALPHABETICAL INDEX

TO SUBJECTS CONTAINED IN TI

MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW,

VOLUME XLIV.

FROM JANUARY TO JUNE, 1861, BOTH INCLUSIVE.

EDITED BY I. SMITH Homans, (SECRETARY OF THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE OF THE STATE OF

New-YORK,) AND WILLIAM B. Dana.

A.
Bills of exchange, rates of, at New-York,

78, 199, 829, 416 Abandonment of ships, when justified, Bond, suit on, (law case,)..

776 (law case,).

773 Books, notices and reviews, 143, 271, 399, 542, 796 Abbeokuta, growth of cotton in,.

680 Blockade of southern ports, President's proAbuse of credit.. 896 clamations, .

785, 786 Accidents by rail-roads in 1960,

780 Bombay Chamber of Commerce, report for Act authorizing United States loan, 881 the years 1859-1860,..

526 Admiralty, appeal in, (law case,).. 72 Borneo, cotton production of,

392 law, 623 Boston Board of Trade, meeting of,

771 Africa, cotton in,.. 891, 679 Boston weekly bank returns,

86, 213, 336 " the first railway in,

119
horse rail-roads,

375 Agriculture, statistics of,

127, 382
importations of wool,

859 of Ireland,

883
steam marine of

355
in South Australia,
258 Brazil, commerce of,..

690 Albany, lumber trade of,.. 356 Bremen, emigration from,.

889 city and county, valuation of,. 221 Brighton, cattle market for 1860,.

225 banks, failures of,.. 791 British and American life-boat societies,

752 Alphabetical arrangement of U. S. Tariffs,.. 459 leather bankrupts,..

519 American sea officers in Great Britain, 657

light-house commission,

750 street railways,

780
navy,

749 Amsterdam, city of,

697
flogging in,

761 Ancient commercial cities of low countries,. 689 Bruges, city of,

690 Angola, growth of cotton in,.. 680 Brussels, city of,.

692 Annual statement of marine insurance com- Buchanan, James, views on tariff,

571 panies for 1860,....

.429 Antwerp-Anvers, city of,

693

C. Arizona mines and mining companies, 242 Armstrong gun, how manufactured,. 240 Calhoun, J. C., views on tarifl....... 565, 566 Asia Minor, growth of cotton in,.

679 Caloric engines in Spain and Germany, 229 Assay office, New York, 81, 201, 330, 415 Canada, banks of, for 1860,...

520 Assays of silver ore,.

222
commerce of,...

637 Assignment, (law case,)..

free ports in,...

662 Australia, cotton in,..

891
immigration to.....

387 Austria, value of new silver florin,

416
timber, exports of,

611 Average, general.. 819 Canals, steam navigation on,..

779 Cape Colony, cotton growth of,..

681 B. Carolina Islands, Ianthe Shoal,.

641 Cars of iron...

244 Bahamas, formation, population, &c.,... 45 Cattle market of Brighton,

225 Baltimore and Ohio Rail-Road.. 115 Central heat of the earth,

898 Banks of Albany, failures of,.. 791 Centre of the world,

890 Canada, for January, 1861,. 520 Chamber of Commerce, New-York, proceed. Illinois,

222
ings of,....

420, 568, 763, 791
South Carolina,..
837 Charter-party, lien, (law case,)..

72 Wisconsin,... 94 Charleston, population of,..

261 Bank of Exchange, St. Louis, 837 China, tariffs on,....

564 * loans, New-York city, 91 Chinese merchants, visit to,

140 * returns, weekly, of New-York, Boston,

proverbs,

267 Philadelphia, Pittsburg and New Orleans, Chicago, exports of,...

857 86, 212, 836, 519 grain at,

352 Banking, currency and finance, journal of

losses by fire in,

864 84, 212, 336, 519 rail-roads of,..

587 Bangor, survey of lumber at,...

358 Churches, dimensions of European, Barbadoes, growth of cotton in,. 682 Cigarette papers,

246 Barometer and the weather, 860 Cincinnati, population of,

188 Bar rolled iron, various tariffs on,. 564 City, population of,..

65 Beacons in the Gulf of Riga... 529 Clay, Henry, views on tariffs,

568

136 " May,

66

749

872

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Clerks, English railway,..

417
Clothing, different, United States tariffs on, 564
252 | Dry goods for April,..

670
Coals in Russia,

126
“ June,..

788
Cocos Islands, Glendinning Shoals, 641 Dubuque, property of, in the last seven years, 92
Coffee, consumption in United States, 850 Duties received at New-York,..
trade of New York,

208, 417
729 Duty on hides, (law case,).

775
various tariffs on,..

564
lithographs,..

868
Coin, abrasion of,..

270
mosaics,

368
sale in Philadelphia,..

270
plate paper,

367
Coinage, French,

842
pyrites,

285
Collisions at sea, prevention of,..

109
silver watch cases,

112
in the harbor, (law case,),

625
skeletons,..

868
change in the rule of damages,

soda,....

868
(law case,).

627
trimming goods,...

367
at sea, (law case,).

627 Dyeing, new discovery in process of,.. 243

628
Coming of storms..

642

E.
Commerce, American, rise and progress of,. 268
of Brazil,..
630 Earth, central heat of,..

898
of Canada,..
637 Eastern shoes in Pennsylvania,.

228
of France,
522 Egypt, growth of cotton in..

679
of New York, foreign,..

591, 658 Egyptian frigate,
of Northern Italy,

603

Electric telegraph from Dunwich to Amster-
of the prairies,

19
dam,

529
of Toronto,..

631 Emigration from Bremen and Hamburg,... 389
Commercial acts and regulations,

652 Engines, caloric, in Spain and Germany, 229
chronicle and review,

English rail-roads, returns of,..
196, 827, 413, 665, 787
railway clerks, .

252
and industrial cities,..
178, 631 Envelope business,..

142
paper, rates of... ...... 78, 198, 832 Erie Rail-Road Company,

776
regulations,
Europe, steam line to,

524
111, 232, 367, 530, 661, 784
new light-houses in,..

638
Commission, rates recommended,
234 European railways,

892
Compass, its variation and deviation,.. 139 Exports of Chicago,

857
Comparative purity of gold from modern

Great Britain,

798
mines,

340
France,..

528
Comparative table of prices at New-York for

New-York,
the years 1856, 1857, 1858, 1859, 1560, 1861, 210

83, 208, 209, 385, 836, 728, 789
Connecticut, population of,..

262 Exports and imports of each' State for the
Construction of steamers,

807
last four years,

728
Contribution by States for defence of Union, 790 Exports of quicksilver,...

702
Copyright, (law case,)...,

629
Copper from Lake Superior,..

876
interest of Michigan,
701 Factories of Lowell,.

541
mine of Minnesota,
704 Failures in U. S. for January, 1861,.

327
Correspondence, foreign,...

649, 792
reported for 1860,.

203
Cotton, cottonized flax, ilbrilia,..
647 Finances of Cuba,.

846
crop, movement of,..

828
Georgia,

99
in Africa,..

891
South Carolina,

219
in Australia,..

891
U. S., for 1 1860,

84
in Borneo,..
892 Fire, losses by, in U. S.,.

864
in India,..
258 “ 'lives lost by, in 1860,.

230
import, export and consumption of,

proof safes,...

380
in Great Britain,.... 354, 686, 782, 793 insurance companies, list of, belonging
new route for,

782

to Chicago Board of Underwriters,.. 108
production of

101 insurance companies, foreign, in Mass., 107
future supply of,
675

in N. Y., 106
different U.S. tariffs on,

564 Flax, growth of, and new method of dressing, 147
Credit,
268 Flogging in the British navy,.

761
abuse of,
896 Florin of Austria, value of,..

416
Crews of stranded vessels, saving of, 758 Flour, importation into Great Britain,. 349
Crops, actual yield of, per acre,

129 and grain, exports of, from Lake
Cuba, cotton growth of,

682
Michigan,..

229, 857
finances of,

846 and wheat, stocks and shipments of,... 226
sugar crop of,
96 Food and foreign markets,..

848
Culture of hemp,...
254 Foreign commerce of New-York,..

591
Cyprus, cotton growth of,

679
correspondence,

649, 792
mail service,

365
D.

owners of vessels, (law case,). 772
France, changes in light-houses,.

640
Dam of the Amster,..

697
commerce of,....

522
Damages for detention, (law case,).

629

dissolution of the company of the
Dangers of the sea overcome,.

641
caisse Mires,

795
Dead letters,..

gold loan to...

844
Debt of Illinois,

220
specie movements in,

519
Pennsylvania,

111
Delft, town of ...

221 Freight, rates of,
at Liverpool,

795
Detroit, trade of,..
227 Fremont, trade of,

224
in staves,
788 Free ports in Canada,

662
Distilled spirits, various U. 9. tariffs on,... 564 French coinage,.

842
Dry goods for January,

82
wines,

187
“ February,
208 Frigate, Egyptian,.

749
“ March,
334 | Fur trade, the western,

108

F.

66

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238, 366

G.

66

* mines,

66

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Insurance, journal of,..

106, 280, 862
marine rates of,..

280, 645
Gas, manufacture of,..

246
mutual, (law case,).

617
General average,.
319 Iowa, State Bank of,....

222
Genoa, commerce of
608 * wheat, production of,.

257
Georgia, finances of,
98 Ireland, agriculture of,

888
Germany, marriage in,.
136 Iron, coating with India Rubber,

898
Ghent, city of
691 cars,

248
Glass, different U.S. tariffs on,..
564 locomotive,

248
Gloucester, shipping of,..

229 cost of making on Lake Superior,.. 541
Gold, comparative purity of, from modern

ships vs. wooden ones,

605
mines,..
840 trade of Marquette,..

125
4 loan to France,..

844
of Scotland,

795
243 pig, different U. 8. tariffs on,..

564
" received from California and exported,

bar rolled, different U. 8. tariffs on,.... 564

80, 200, 829, 415 " manufactured, different U.B. tariff's on, 564
region of Pike's Peak,.
521 Italy, commerce of Northern,..

603
coast, cotton growth of,.

680
Grain at Chicago,....

850
movements of,

783
Grapes, culture of, in Sonoma Valley, 180 Jamaica, cotton growth of,

682
Great Britain, American sea officers in,., 657 Jefferson, views on tariffs,

562
cotton used, where from, 676, 782 Journal of banking, currency and finance,
exports of,..
793

84, 212, 336, 519
import, export and consump-

of insurance,..

. 106, 230, 862
tion of cotton,....

854

of mercantile law, 72, 198, 824, 615, 772
importation of wheat & flour

of mining manufactures and art,
into,
349

121, 240, 876, 541, 701
rail-roads of,

778

of nautical intelligence,
timber trade of,

610

109, 236, 859, 629, 638, 749
wool trade of,

609, 659
year's trade of,

858

L.
Great Eastern, voyage of,

761
Greece, cotton growth of,.
678 Lagos, cotton growth of,

680
Growth of New-Orleans,
259 Lake disasters, 1851-1860,..

582
Guano, importations of, under act of 1856, .. 784 “ Michigan, exports of flour and grain,
Gulf of Riga, beacons in,.
529

229, 357
" Superior, copper,

876
H.

cost of making iron on,. 541
Lakes, loss of life on, for 1860,.

237
389
Hamburg, emigration from,..

643
losses on,..

562
Hamilton, Alexander, views on tariffs,.

119

rail-roads and trade of,
Canada, trade of,..

226
trade and tonnage of,

97

663
County, Ohio, tax of,

842 Law, stop, of Tennessee,.
Happiness and wealth,..

138 Law cases, abandonment of vessel, when

254
Hemp, culture of,

justified,

773

72
History of the U.S. tariffs from the tariff of Law cases, appeal in admiralty,
1789 to that of 1861, inclusive,

561
assignment,

775
collision at sea,

627
Hog crop of Europe and America,.. 181

628
Home manufactures,

collision at sea, right of way,

245
Horses, shoeing of cavalry,.

384

change in the rule of damages,... 627

120
Houston, Texas, prosperity of,

620
in the harbor,

589
Hurricanes and gales, record of,

copyright,

629
duty on hides, fraudulent invoice, 776

damages for detention,.. 629
1.

foreign owners of vessels,..... 772
illegal coasting trade,..

772
Winois, banks of,

222
innocent holder,...

825
debt of,

220
insurance,

617
two mill tax of,

222

liability of ship-owners, .... 626, 630
Immigration to Canada,

387

owners foreign ships,... 624
to New York,

887
for neglect,

774
to United States, .

262
libel,

628
Imports of France,

522
marine policy,

626
Montreal,

227
maritime law,

626
New-York,

partners and agents,

615
81, 202, 206, 334, 417, 418,724, 789, 790

stay law of Missouri,

680
New-York, for the month of Jan.

suit on a bond,

776
uary, for several years,
383 Lead, shipments of,

703
Imports of dry goods at New-York,. 208 Leaky vessels,...

760
and exports of each State for the Leather bankrupts, British,.

519
last four years,..
728 Leyden, city of,..

696
Imports and exports of naval stores, 738 Liberia, growth of cotton in,.

679
* of United States,
227 Liege, City of,..

692
Importations of gaano,
784 Lies in trade,

266
of wool at Boston,.

853 Life-boat societies, British and American,, 752
India, cotton in,
253 Life insurance policies, value of,..

58, 184
growth of,

685
6 loss at sea,

590
indigo in,
393 Light, Drummond,

751
Indiana, population of,..
184 Light-houses, new ones in Europe,....

638, 758
real and personal property in,.... 347

changes in France,

640
Insolvency cases in San Francisco for 1860, 620

commission, British,

750
Insurance companies of Penn., capital of..... 862' Lisle, or Lille, City of,...

698

66

66

66

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