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OF CIVIL ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS, IN THE STATE OF NEW YORK,
IN COURTS OF LAW; AND OF THE COURTS WHICH HAVE ORIGI-
The most general division of suits, or actions, is into GENERAL
criminal, or such as wrongs; and civil, or wrongs is sought for. legal; the former being latter by courts of law.
are brought for the redress of public those by which a redress of private Civil actions are either equitable or entertained by courts of equity, the The practice in the last of these alone, including certain proceedings at law which are not usually termed actions, forms the subject of this treatise.
Actions at law, of a civil nature, were formerly divided into real, (or feodal,) personal, and mixed. Those actions which have heretofore been denominated real, were anciently the only ones known to the common law for the recovery of land; but in modern times, they have given place to the more convenient action of ejectment, and had become nearly obsolete, when they were abolished by the revised statutes.1 Actions at law are now divided into suits relating to real property and personal actions.2
12 R. St. 343. P. 3. Ch. 5. T.
7. s. 24.
22 R. St. 302. 346. P. 3. Ch. 5. 6.