« PreviousContinue »
as with the Sovereign of France. By every law | ing of this Congress, would be the Court of nations, and by every rule of justice of the King of France. In the mean as such he must be considered ; and as to time I would prosecute bis claims with his court, were he in a more miserable vigorous exertions, or rather I would en. hovel than that, which he occupied on the able him to do so. I would give bim the mountains of the Harty at Blankenburg, means of doing so effectually by every that hovel would be à court; aye, aod a thing in my power. He should be the court too, were he then alone, more stocked principal, I would be his auxiliary. The with virtuous principles, with true honour, army that should be prepared for supportwith a real kingly mind, than many palaces ing ihese claims should be his army; the where diamonds glitter all around one. generals should be of his appointment; the The ambassador whom I should have point- plans should be of his own drawing. All ed out would have been (if I could efface ihat I could do, would be to enable him to from my memory the events of the last execute these plans with vigour and effect. twelve months) Lord Whitworth, that I would appoint a spot, where the standard could not be now: a man who has once set of France might be displayed, and to which his foot within the threshold of a regicide might be inviied to come all the brave, tyrant, or bowed to a jacobinical usurper, is loyal, and faithful adherents of their old from that moment disqualified to undertake master, and every other person of whatever so honourable a mission, as that to which I country, whom the glory of the enterprize, am alluding. I know no person whoin .the object to be obtained, or the honour I could designate; but I would have a per- likely to attend success might animate to do son possessing all the following requisites. This army I would leave it to him to He should be a man of the best family, of organize in any manner he should please. great wealth, and above all, one who has Its operations should be his own ; if it was never been guilty of the weakness of ever not sufficiently powerful for any object, I having once intermitted in his hostility 10 would give him succours; if he wanted revolutionary doctrines. But this is not all, ships to transport them, I would supply I would provide for his convenience and them; if he wanted money to pay them, or suitable state, as well as for his honour. I arms to arm them, or cloaths to dress them, would have the Parliament voie bini soch a all these things would I furnish ; in short, pension as would enable him to have some- I would send him forth an army as comihing like the state of a king, whose pro- plete as I could make it, or as the most genitors had successively sat on a throne zealous friend to monarchy could wish.am 1200 years. I would, moreover, invite This is the extent of my plan. Of its suchim to this country, and assign him a cess I do not feel the smallest doubt. place, where he might hold his court, and Something short of it may do some good, I would take care that it should be such but I am convinced, that nothing short of an one, not as the King of Prussia's pititul the wbole will do the whole good. sufferance enabled him to hold at Blanken- | I have a good deal more to say to you on burg, nor such an one as the generous Paul this subject, but my letter is already so enabled him to keep up at Mittau; bat thick, that I must defer it till another op. truly one that would become his royal race, poriunity. In the mean time, in answer 10 and bis lawful claims. This being done, I some starts and expressions of surprize, would invite all the potentates in Europe which you, perhaps, and I know inany to join in a Congress, in which the general others would make at parts of this plan, I state of Europe should be discussed, and a would only ask, what is that, of which we plan formed for giving effect to legitimate are now being in dread? Of the King of claims, and for re-establishing order and the France; or of the revolutionary governbalance of power. To this Congress should ment? And if I am told I am mad to proLewis XVIII. like every other prince send pose such a scheme, I will say, that my his ambassador; from such a privilege object is to overthrow the revolutionary goshould the First Consul of France, the new vernment, and then I will ask, what effect Government of Holland, the President of he ihinks the adopting such measures would the Italian Republic, and all other States, have on that government? For my own who are under any other government than part I have not the slightest doubt, that if tlaat of their fogjimnate sovereigns of course unequivocally adopted and vigorously acted be excid Ciucpays en have nothing on, we should see in six months time to do with larger cx take
any part Lewis XVIII. reigning in France; and Eden of claims. The might make a prace with some little more place I shoalu
prespect of permanence and security thau
the treaty of Amiens could even give us bing the property of these miserable inhabitanis vf hopes of; and mad as I am, warlike as I the coast, and in depriving their families of their may be, this, I confess, would be in my
supporters, they render that population, whose
resources they have destroyed, desperate-hey exmiad an invaluable boon.-lam, &c.
cite them to be more arduous in the detence of INQUISITOR. our territory, and in the avenging the country.
They kindle the sentiment of hatred in the hearis
of men who, by the obscuriiy and tranquillity of Extract from the Monirear of the 16th July, 1903. their lives, seemed to be less accessible in it.
The measure which the English government Thus a bad action brings with it always fatal conhas just adopted, ia blockading the mouths of the sequences-what is unjust is never profitable, and Elhe and the Weser, is a new infringement of the
can only raise the general opinion against us. rights of neutrals and the sovereignty of all pow.
It is the nature of man to refuse his interest and tis. — France, attacked by England, acquires the
his wishes to enterprises contrary to equity and right of carrying the war into all the British pos.
good faith; and whatever his prejudices may be, sessions, and of getting possession, :s she had
he ends always in being led to the cause that is done in former wars, of Hanover, which forms
most just. Alas! what would be the fate of Eupart of them; but she has not occupied cho banks rope, if there were no power in it disposed to reof the Elde, except in the parts of which that con- • press the ambition of a state which reckons çuest has put her in possession. She has respect
trearies and justice as nothing!
The ed the neutrality of Bremen, Hamburgh, and other English minister follows the bent of his chaStries of the Continent.-- What circumstance
racter well known to all Europe. Feeble men theo could have authorised the King of England
cannot obey reason ; abandoned to their passions, to prohibit neutral powers from navigating the they are always in excesses. A moderate conduce Eite and the Weser?' if the English flag cannot
attests the vigour of a sound judgment: injustice appear wherever a French battery can reach it, at and violence proceed from real weakness, as paskave it ought not to prevent neutrals from navi
sion is the natural eiTect of a state of disease. gating wherever the chances of war have carried
How can the light of reason shine in the midst the French armies, and from keeping up the con.
of the illusions of delirium ? Are not the English Dezions with each other. The Elbe and the We- people toid every day that Frarre is a prey to all ser wash a large extent of neutral territories; the disorders, and corn to pieces by factions; that rivers that now into them increase still more the
the Government is without force, the public spicommercial relations to which they afford an out- sit without energy? Perhaps in speaking against let; to shut the entrance to those rivers is to in
the evidence of ihings, the ministers of his Britantercep: the communications of a great part of the
nic Majesty do not speak more against their conContinent; it is to commit an act of hostility
sciences than a madman doc when he shews to agaiast all the countries to which that navigation
those around him the phantoms created by his belongs ---England ought to have declared more imagination.--Woe to the people governed by frankly, that she will not suffer any neutral pow.
men who are feeble, and who are without plan! €; but will neutral powers suffer in their turo
Woe also to Europe if those men be to dispose of their flag and their rights to be despised?-
what yet remains of the power and prosperity of England wished to punish Germany for not having
a great people. The filth Military Division has protected and defended Hanover, it is without
ofered a day's pay to contribute to the expenses doub', as Prince of the Empire, that she has
of the war against England. thought she had claims to that protection; yet how dare she claim the guarantee of the Members
PUBLIC PAPERS. of the Empire at the moment she is violacing the rights of one of them. The King of England, in Papers relative to the Conquest of Hanover, his quality of Member of the Germanic Budy, had
published at Paris, ly order of the French consented to arrangements; had stipulared in. demnities in favour of the Order of Malta, equally
Government, on the 141b of July, 1803. considered as a Prince of the Empire. Scarcely Twenty-four hours after the arrival of the had hie Britannic Majesty solemnly signed these Courier, with the Convention of Suhlingen, dispasitions, when he retacks the independence of relative to the Army of the King of Eng. the tsrritory of the Order. He has no right to
land in Hanover, the First Consul sent it to. form for himself claims which might, with more justice, be formed against him. In fine, the
the English Government, in order to ascermeasure of shatting up the entrance of the prin- tain whether his Britannic Majesty would cipal rivers in Germany is, like all those which ratify it.- Citizen Talleyrand, Minister Lagland has adopted for several months, an act of blindness which recoils upon herself. She breaks
of Foreign Affairs, wrote to Lord Hawkesthe links of her trade with Germany, and shuts up
bury the following letter :the principal means of introducing her merchan- The Minister of Foreign Affairs to Lord Hawkes!ursos cise into the Continent. She accustoms the peo
Paris, 21 Prairial (June 10 . ple to do without the produce of her industry; My Lord, - After a slight engagement with the she obliges them, in order to obtain articles equi- troops of his Britannic Majesty, the French army valent to them, to apply to France, to whom, occupies the country of Hanover.----
--The First whilst the Elbe is shur, all the means of land con- Consul having had in view nothing but the profeyance remain open. Fury a d passion ase very curing of pledges for ele evacuation of Malta, and bad counsellors. The English journals an- the completing ine cxecution of the Treaty of Dunee, as a deed of arms of which they are proud, Amiens, did not wish to rake the subjects of his Be carrying off French fishermen, and yet England Britannic Majesty experience all the rigours of wts in this instance again against herself. in rob- war. The First Consul, however, cannot ratify
the Convention concluded between the French | me to say, that in his character of Elector of Hanarmy and his Britannic Majesty, and in that case, over, he will scrupuivusly abstain from every act the First Consul charges mc expressly to declare, which might be considered as contravening the that it is his intention that the army of the King stipulations contained in the Convention which of England be, in the first instance, exchanged for was concluded on the 3d of June, between the all the sailors or soldiers his Majesty's ships may Deputics appointed by the Regency of Hanover have made or may be in the situation of making and the French Government. — request you to prisoners. The First Consul wou'd see with accept the assurance of the high consideration pain his Britannic Majesty, by refusing to rality
with which I have the honour to be, Sir, your che said Convention, obliging ihe French Govern. vety humbie and obedient Servant, ment to treat the country of Hanover with all the
(Signed) HAWKESBURY. rigour of war, and, as a country which, left to
After the receipt of the above reply, it itself, abandoned by its Sovereign, would be considered as conquered without capitulation, and
was made known to Gen. Mortier, ibat by given up to the direction of the power occupying
the refusal of the ratification on the part of it I shall wait with impatience, my Lord, for his Britanaic Majesty, the Convention of your making known to me his Britannic Ma
Suhlingen was considered as null and void. jesty's intentions.Receive, my Lord, the assurance of my highest consideration.
Copy of the Letter written by Licurenant-General Mar. (Sigoed) C. M. TALLEYRAND.
rier, to Marshall Count Wilmoden.- Luneburg. 11
Messidor, June 31. General Mortier received, at the same 1. had the honour to inform your Excellency, time, orders to announce to the General of that the First Consul would fully approve of the the Army of the King of England in Han- Convention of Suhlingen, is the King of England over, that the First Consul would not make
would consent to ratiły it himself. It is painful any difficulty to ratify the Convention of. has made known to Citizen Talleyrand, that hía
to have to acquaint you, that Lord Hawkesbury Suhlingen, as soon as his Britannic Majesty
Britannic Majesty has solcmily refused that ratishould have ratified it bimself. There is fication, Your Excellency will recollect, that not a single man of sense in Europe, who in 1757, a similar Convention was concluded at could have doubted for one moment, that
Closter-Seven, between M. De Richelieu and the
Duke of Cumberland, and that the king of Eggthe King of England would have ratified it.
land not having chosen to adhere to it, he gave -Very great then was the astonishment
orders to his army to recommence hostilities. when Lord Hawkesbury's reply was re
1: is to avoid the renewal of the scenes that took ceived.
place then, ihat my government direcis me to in
form your Excellency, that refusal of his Bria Reply of Lord Hau kesbury to the Minister of Foreign cannic Majesty renders the Convention of Suhline
Affairs.--Druning Street, June 15, 1803. gen null.-It is evident Marshall, that England SIR, – I have laid before his Majesty your letter sacrifices unworthily your t:oops, whose bravery of the Joth instant. His Majesty has directed me is known to all. Europe; but it is not less norato inform you, that as he has always considered sious, that every plan of defence on your part the character of Elector of Hanover as distinct would be illusory, and would only draw down new from his character of King of the United King- miseries upon your country.--I have desired doms of Great-Britain and Ireland, he cannot General Berthier, Chicf of the General Erat Major, consent to acquiesce in any act which might esta- to make known my proposals to you. I must inblish the idea ihat he is justly susceptible of being sist upon a categorical reply from your Excelattacked in one capacity for the conduce he may lency, in twenty-four hours. The army I have have thought it his duty to adopt in another. It the honour to command is ready, and only waits is not the first time that this principle has been for the signal of battle. I beg your Excellency to advanced. It has been recognised by several believe in my very distinguished consideration. powers of Europe, and more particularly by the
Ev, MORTIER. French Government, which in 1795, in consequence of the accession of his Majesty to the Letter from General Mortier to the First Consul, da:cá Treaty of Basle, acknowledged his neuirality in
Head-quarters, Luneburgh, July 6. his capacity of Elector of Hanover at the moment Citizen FIRST CONSUL.-I wrote on the 30th they were at war with him in his quality of king of June to Marshal Walmoden, ihe letter of which of Great-Britain. This principle has been more- I subjoin a copy. Baron de Bock, Colonel of the over confirmed by his Majesty's conduct with re. regiment of guards, came to me from him on the spect to the Treaty of Luneville, and by the ar- following day. He told me that the proposition rangements which have lately taken place relative
for his army to lay down their arms in order to lae to the German ludemnities, which were to hare sent prisoners of war inco France, was of a nature for their ohject the providing for the indepen- so humiliating, that they preferred perishing with dence of the Empire, and which have been so- their arms in their hands; that they had made lemnly guaranteed by the principal powers of Eu- suficient sacrifices for their country by the capirope, but in which his Majesty, as King of Great- tulation of Suhlingen, that it was now time for Britain, tonk no part.- Under these circum- them to do something for their own honour; that stances his Majesty is determined, in his charac- the officers and the army were reduced to despair. ter of Elector of Hanover, to appeal to the Em- Mr. De Bock then represented to me the extreme pire and to the powers of Europe who have gua. sincerity with which the Hanurcrians had scru. ranteed the Germanic Constitution, and conse- pulously fulfilled all the articles of the convention quently his rights and possessions in quality of of Suhlingen, so far as they concerned them ; ibac Prince of that Empire.- Until his Majesty be their conduct with respect to us was free from any informed of their sentimcats, he has commanded kind of rcproach, and that it ought got to diax
upon then the misfortune with which Ihreaten. for french so diers of the same rank, who beve ed them. I, on my part, exclaimed against the- been made prisoners by Egland in the course et of the King of England, who had reiused to ratify the war. 4. The Hanover an Generals and ot. the convention of the 3d of June; that it was the
ficers shall retire on their lionour to the places Machiavelism of England alone which they ought which they may re pectively cou e for their sisje to blame, and that it was the constant practice of dence, but shall not leave the Ci prinent. that government to sacrifi ehem, as it had sa- shall retain their swords, horses, effects, and hage crificed its friends on the Continent.-M. De
- 5. There shall be delivered, with a lit' e Bock is a man full of honour and sincerity. He delay as possible, to the French Commarder told me that if I could make any acceptable pro
Chief, a list of all the oaines of the individui ja positions, such as to send back a part of the army
the Hanoverian army.-6. The Hano: en D sein six months, to keep a detachment of five or six
diers, after their return home, shall way no unia thousand men at Lauenburg, &c. he believed the
form.-7. Subsistence shall be allowed as the Marshal would consent to the arrangement. My
Hanorerian troops, till the times of their reun answer was in the negative, and we parted. I had
to their own places of residence. Forage shall be before made all my dispositions for passing the ri
equal'y allowed tor the horses of the offi eis.----Fer. A number of baiques collected, as well on
8. The 16:h and 171 h articles e, f the Convention of the Elbe as on the Elmenau, had afforded me am.
Suhlingen shall remain applicable in the hanovce ple means. The enemy occupied a position be
rian army.--9. The French troops shall, consec tween Sreknitz and Billc. - It was on the night
quently, occupy that part of the Elecionate of Hd. of the 4th that the general attack was to have
nover which is situate in Lauenbnrg -- Done in taken place. The enemy had procured heavy ar
(wo copies, on the Eibe, this tirth day of July, tillery from Ratzburg, and had mounted all their
En. MORTIER, batteries on the Elbe with it. I had caused conn
Command's in Chief of the frech diny. ier batteries to be eier ed vo my side; my troops
Mirshal Count A ALMODEN. were well disposed, and every thing announced a happy issue, 'whcá Maishal Walnod a sent to of
Decree of the Government jobe Bismian Republic, reo fer me new propositions. —C tizen First Consul,
Tarive to Britih geeds and merchandize.---Dated, the Haro?erian army was reduced to despair, it
Hague, July 5th, 1303. iesplosed your ciemency. I thought you would
1. I hat, reckoning from the date of this law, wish to treat it with goodness whico abandoned by
no artic es of merchandize, corning directly or inits uwa King. In the middle of the Elhe I made
directly from the king me; firma! Britiin, or the subjoined capitulation with Marshal Wal
from its colonies, shall be admitted into che ports moden." He signed it with an afflicted heart. You
of this Republic; but thai au gous of th s dewill perceive by it that his army hus laid down
scription, introduced into the sau poste trom the their arms, that his cavalry is dismoun:ed, and
last day o! July, in contraven.ion in his ider, surreaders to us near 4cro excellent horses. The
shall be confiscated, and those who shall in die soldiers seturning to their homes are to apply
couriems july, he imporred ibrough ignorance of themselves to agriculture, and are not to suffer
ihis pr hibiens no shall be detained ; an pecific zny obstruction. They will no longer be under
notes of the goods ibus detained, with r'e day and the command of England. - Health and profound
place of uetiation, and the nan:c3 ut aithe pro. Tespect. (Signed)
prietors speciácd, shall be sent to tlie ŝtate to. P.S. It would be difficult to paint to you the si
vernient, that it may detrimine according to the tuation of the fine regiment of the King of Eng.
exigence of each case 2, Thul, computing laad's guards at the momcor of dismounting.
from the above date, ncuiral ships bound to Fons
in this Republic shall have a certificate from the The King of England having refused to commissary or agent of Ibis Republic for commerTality the Convention of Sublingen; ibe
cial relations, at he place from weich they are First Consul finds himself obliged to regard
freighied, or from the magistrate of the place, if tbal Convention as void. In consequence
110 commerc al agent or commiísary bc thi ve sesi
dant; and the said cerificate shall stato che Dame of this, Lieutenant-General Mortier, Com- of the ship and its.cap'ail, the nature o' the care mander in Chief of the French army, and go, lhe oumer of the on n con p sing the crew, his Excellency Count Walmoden, 'Com
and the destination if ih voja e---3. That no mander in Chief of the Hanoverian army,
capt in of any mercan ship wanting the proper have agreed on the following capitulation,
ceri care, hy vegligcoce, or a change in the des.
inat on of the voyage, shall he admirced into aov which is to be executed immedialely, with- port of this Republic, otherwise than on cordirion out being submitted to ratification by either of taking in return, and exporting a cargo, cune of the two governments :
sisting of products either oti he sort of this coun.
try, or of the industry of its ich bitants, and 1. The Hanoverian army shall lay down its amounting in value to the value of the goods by arms. These, with all its artillery, shall be deli- him impor (d. - 4. That is is forbidden cxpressly vered up to the French army.--. All the horses
10 export, in any manner whatever, any article nca of the Hanoverian troops of cavalry, and the ar
cessary to the building, the repairing, and the tillery horses shall be delivered to the French as:
equipment of ships, or to transfer to ihe possesmy, by a Member of the States of Hanover. A
sion of foreigners, ships already built, or which commission shall be sent from the General in may, at the date of this law, be in de ports of this Chief to take the state and distinctions of those Republic, which shall hereafter be built, or in our horses.-3. The Hanoverian aimy shall be dis. manner come into the proper possession of the villa solved. The troops shall again pass the Elbe, and habitants of this Republic, excepting only these retire every one to his own home. They shall en- particular cases, in which the Government or ins gage on their bonour nce to bear arms against State shall, co that effect, give its special con ani; France and his allies, without being exchanged and on pain, that be who shall be convic: cut of the present
baving directly or indirectly sold one or more for the wives and families of those who may ship; to foreigners; or of having bought or re
fall in the defence of the country. The carecived such ships for the account of any persons not inhabitants of this Republic, shall perfect the
riers in different parts of the kingdom have ships one or more, so bought or sold, and shall made liberal offers of waggons and horses for pay a fine equal to swice their value; or if the the service of government.-Lorel Pelham has ships cannot be seized, to three times cheir value.
given orders that no neutral ships, having -5. That, moreover, and with confirmation, so
Italian silk on board, and bound for any far as need may be, it is by ancient laws, still in force, forbidden to export, on any destination,
part of his Majesty's dominions, shall be any materials for the construction of ships, or molested. The discussions between this other things necessary in war, arms, gunpowder, government and the United States respectand salt petre, except in the case in which that is
ing the claims of the American citizens for done, by the consent and special authority of the Slais-Government, and with the necessary pre
captures by British cruizers during the last cautions.-6. That, in the last place, and with war, are now brought very near a concluthe same confirmation, so far as need may be, it is siop. Last Friday the first instalment upon by laws. still in force, forbidden to export any the awards of the Commissioners, amount. provisions destined for the use of the enemy, on ing to about £400,000 became due, and pain of confiscation of the provisions, and arbi
was punctually paid by this governınent. trary punishment, according to the exigency of the case. In consequence, the government or.
The whole will amount to about £1,200,000. dains, that this present Act shall be published, Stocks continue falling. and posied up, wierever it is fit that it should be
MILITARY.-The Hanoverian troops known, and enjoins all concerned to see that it be exacıly executed.
which were assembled on the right bank of C. H. GOCKINGA.
the Elbe with a determination to oppose C. G. HULTMAN, the French, capitulated on the 5th inst. to
Gen. Mortier. . The articles of capitulation INTELLIGENCE.
will be found in page
sheet. The Gallo-Italian army which enFOREIGN. Accounts received from
tered the Neapolitan territories under the Constantinople correct the accounts given
command of Gen. St. Ceyr, is extending in our last, of the revolt in Egypt, and state
along the coasts, and occupying the harthat Cairo, and not Alexandria, was the
bours. The Genoese troops are on their place wrested from the Porte by thę Alba
march for Romagna. The head quarters of mians. This event is said to have caused
the French division will be at Taranto, and the greatest alarm at Constantinople, and a
the Italian at Chieti. The preparations for fleet which was fitting out there, was order
invasion are still going on in the ports of ed immediately to Egypt. The Pacha of
France and Holland with unabated activity. Damascus bas defeated the Arabian rebel
In every part of his Majesty's dominions Abdul Wichab, near Medina, and com
measures are taking for placing the military pletely routed his army,---The Emperor of
on the best possible footing; and providing Russia is continuing his tour, and on the the most effectual means of carrying on the 7ih últ, was at Litle Asbersfors in Sweden. The First Consul having left Lisle proceed.
NAVAL.-Advices from Genoa, of the ed through Manin, Ypres, Dixmune, Nieu
20th ult. state that a French squadron 0. pori, Ostend, and Bruges, and was expect
five ships of the line and six frigates ha: ed to małe his solemn entry into Brussels sailed from Toulon, and escaped the Eng. during the course of the present week.
lish fleet stationed in the Mediteranean The Dutch have probibited the importation of any English' merchandize into their ships of war, arrived at Warnemunden, nea
A Russian squadron, consisting of elever country.
Rostock on the 10th inst.- Seven Englis! DOMESTIC. A Bill was brought into
frigates and a cutter were blockading the Parliament by the Secretary at War on the
Elbe on the 11th inst, and the neutral ship 18th inst. for arming and training the which had put back had proceeded chief whole country. Considerable debate took
to Tonningen.-The Gazette of this weel place on the subject between the Chancel
contains no official account of captures, bu Jor of the Excheqner, ihe Secretary at War,
letters from all the sea port towns of Great Mr. Windham, Mr. Pitt, and Mr. Fox.
Britain furnish ample lists of valuable On the 21st a message was brought down
prizes wbich have been taken and sent in. from the Throne, recommending to Parliament the setilement of some pecuniary indemnity on the House of Orange. --The merchants, &c. of the City of London have
July 18, 1803. opened a subscription for making provision SIR,--I have just read over the Summary
TO THE EDITOR.